Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on March 30, 1959 · Page 1
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 1

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. i— 'S3* * A'S^ ^^zA I35B 69th Year No. 49 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1959 Facts Phon. PY 3-3231 Twelve Pltqet 5 Cents TIBETANS ASYLUM U.S. Military Capable Of Destroying Russia WASHINGTON (LTD—The nation's military leaders have assured Congress that Russia, in an all-out war, would be destroyed, even if the Reds struck the first blow. Because of this, they don't expect such a conflict to erupt. Adm. Arlcigh Burke, chief of naval operations, said flatly that it Russia launched a surprise nu clear attack now "We could break her back." But Burke said this assurance was based on current conditions. He said he would not want to give "an unqualified answer as to the future." Heavily censored versions of testimony given to a House defense appropriations subcommittee by the military chiefs was released today. They agreed that Russia's atomic attacking power would be delivered now by aircraft, rather than by missiles. To retain adequate retaliatory power in the face of Russia's growing missile might, Burke said the U. S. will have to depend on "mobile and concealed" launching sites for long-range missiles and long-range bombers. The testimony also brought to: light the fact that the Defense De-i partment six weeks ago ordered a further dispersal of U. S. missile launchers to reduce vulnerability to surprise attacks. Moreover, Russian advances in rocketry have been interpreted by the U.S. Air Force chief of staff as "an indication" that the Strategic Air Command within 18 months may have to be put on a 24-hour "airborne alert." ; These developments were disclosed today with the publication of a 1,017-page transcript of heav-j ily-censored testimony on the defense budget at closed hearings of the House defense appropriations subcommittee. Reds Outproduce U.S. The transcript indicated that] subcommittee Chairman George H. Mahon (D-Tec.) and other! Democrats were not convinced that President Elsenhower's de-j fense budget is adequate. They probed for ways to bolster U.S. defenses in view of administration admissions that Russia will outstrip the United States in production of intercontinental bal listic missiles in 1960, 1961 and 1962. But the military officials—from Defense Secretary Neil H. McEl roy on down — sided with the President in rejecting a "me-too'" policy of trying to match Russia missile for missile in the long- range rocket field. They insisted that the United States, even after surprise attack would have enough retaliatory power left to destroy Russia. Air Force Secretary James H. Douglas testified that the Pentagon decided in early February to disperse its missile launchers "to create more targets." Isolcto Each Launcher Under the new plan — which Douglas said could be carried through without changing the budget — each launcher will be isolated, instead of set up in clus ters of three. There still will be nine launchers to a missile squadron. The air chieftain. Gen. Thomas D. White, said the present alert- under which bombers are readyj to leave the ground on 15 minutes' notice — is adequate for the next 12 to 18 months because Rus-| sia's attacking power still is based primarily on planes rather than long-range missiles. SAC Bombers May Have To Be Up At All Times WASHINGTON <UPI> —The Air Force believes that within 12 to 18 months it must start keeping some of its Strategic Air Command bombers in the air at all times because of the Russian intercontinental missile threat, it was revealed today. But Gen. Thomas D. White, Air Force chief of staff, feels the Soviets do not have enough long- range rockets yet to necessitate such an around the clock airborne alert at this time. White made the statements to a House defense appropriations subcommittee behind closed doors in January. His testimony was made public today. An airborne alert would guarantee that SAC's retaliatory bombers would not be caught on the ground in a Russian missile raid. The cost of keeping some of SAC's B52 bombers in the air at all times, ready to strike back instantly in case of a sneak Russian missile attack, would be between $337,260,000 to $1,156,320,000 a year. White said. White gave the subcommittee an estimate of the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles the Russians are expected to have this year but the figure was deleted from the released testimony by a Dfense Department censor. White said the number of missiles "is not sufficient to require us to go on airborne alert but it is an indication — taken with the rest of the national intelligence estimate —that we better have an airborne alert at some time in the fairly near future." Douglas Jet On Test Hop EDWARDS AFB, Calif. <UPI>A swept-wing Douglas DC8 jet transport, America's second entry in the commercial jet age, lifted off the runway here at 8:35 a.m p.s.t. today on its first transcontinental test flight. Weather LOS ANGELES (UPI) —Precipitation in Southern California will be limited to a few showers in the Owens Valley area about midweek, the U.S. Weather Bureau said today in a five-day forecast. The outlook said temperatures Mould average above normal in coastal areas, near normal in the mountains and slightly above to slightly below normal in the interior. San Bernardino Valley: Considerable cloudiness tonight. Mostly sunny Tuesday. March 30, 1959 Today Highest 62, Lowest 47 Sunday Highest 73, Lowest 43 Saturday Highest 77, Lowest 44 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:37 a.m. — 6:08 p.m. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 64, Lowest 43 Doctor Advises Eisenhower To Take Vacation WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Eisenhower's doctor has ad vised him to take a vacation in a warm climate and get some exercise. White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty reported this today when asked whether the President would make his customary trip to Augusta, Ga., next week. Hagerty said White House Physician Maj. Gen. Howard McC. Snyder and other presidential staff members have advised the chief executive to take a break from official routine. The President usually goes to Augusta each year just after the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club. This year's tourney is scheduled to end Sun day. "I sincerely hope he can go and I think he'd like to go," Hagerty told reporters. "He needs some warm climate and some exercise which he has not been able to get. Dr. Snyder thinks so too." Eisenhowers Return To White House WASHINGTON (UPI) — President and Mrs. Eisenhower returned to the White House shortly after noon today after spending a restful five-day Easter weekend at their Gettysburg. Pa., farm. Despite a heavy rain most ot the way, they made the 86-mile trip by car in one hour and 47 minutes. The rain washed out any hope the President had for a morning round of golf at the Gettysburg Country Club. The White House said the President has no appointments for the rest of the afternoon but may see members of his staff. Apart from work on drafts of these speeches, the President's stay at his farm was devoted mainly to relaxation with his family. He and Mrs. Eisenhower were joined by their son and daughter-in-law. Maj. John and Barbara, and the four Eisenhower grandchildren. Humphrey Urges Dag Be Included In Summit Meet WASHINGTON (UPI)—Sen. Hu bert H. Humphrey iD-Minn.) proposed today that United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammar- skjold be included in any summit conference on the Berlin crisis. Humphrey made the suggestion in a speech prepared for delivery in Miami, Fla.. as another senator and a NATO official both .predicted here that there would be no war over Berlin. Sen. George D Aiken (R-Vt.) said he discounted the possibility of Russia taking steps that would lead to war over Berlin because Soviet leaders are "fully aware of Russia Agrees To Geneva Parley May 11 _ Replies To Proposals Worked Out By Eisenhower, Macmillan LONDON (UPI) —Russia today formally agreed to hold a foreign ministers' conference in Geneva May 11. the Tass News Agency reported. Tass said Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko received the American, British and French ambassadors in Moscow today and handed tiiem the Russian reply to western proposals on a foreign ministers conference and a possi ble latei summit parley. "According to information received." Tass said, "the Soviet government in its notes agrees to the proposal that a conference of foreign ministers should be convened in Geneva on May 11 in order to consider questions concerning Germany, including the peace treaty with Germany and the Berlin question." The Russian notes were in reply to western proposals made March 26. In those notes, the western Big Three agreed conditionally to meet the Russians at the summit, but emphasized they wanted a foreign ministers' conference first. The western notes were worked —NLA Ttkphcta FIRST OF THE '59ERS —After a 4500-mile trip from Michigan, the first of the '"59ers" arrive in Anchorage, Alaska, and are given an enthusiastic reception by crowds of Alaskans. The 18-car caravan contained 35 persons, and acquired plenty of dented fenders on the way. Dulles Thin, But Spirits Good As He Flies South WASHINGTON (UPI) — Secretary of State John Foster Dulles flew to Florida today to recuper out by President Eisenhower and'ate from massive radiation treat- British Prime Minister Haroldjments for cancer and to ponder a Macmillan in their Camp David. Md.. talks two weeks ago. Earlier. Macmillan had consulted with French President Charles de Gaulle. He also talked with West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. Acceptance Suspected Today's Soviet acceptance was expected, since Premier Nikita decision on whether to remain in the Cabinet. The 71 year-old secretary was accompanied by his wife, a doctor, and a small staff. The party took off aboard the presidential plane Columbine li­ as a light rain fell from murky skies. what a nuclear war would mean' Khrushchev had expressed approv- to them." |al of a foreign ministers' meeting Child Drowns In Pool GLENDORA (UPI)—Bradley P. MacRoftie, 2. La Mesa, drowned Sunday in a swimming pool at his grandfather's home here, police reported. W. Randolph Burgess, U.S. ambassador to NATO, said he did not think the Communists would start a war as long as the NATO "shield" is on the spot as a deterrent. Humphrey said the presence of Hammarskjold at a summit con ference "would mean the symbolic representation of all the members of the United Nations who! may object to four powers presuming to settle an issue which can mean peace or war for the entire world." The senator, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said in a speech prepared for the Dade County Bar Association even before the western notes were delivered. Tass said the Russian notes ex pressed regret that "complete mutual understanding has not yet been reached on the question of the participation of Poland and Czechoslovakia in the conference of foreign ministers." But it added that "taking into account the attitude of the western powers, the Russians consider it possible that the question of participation of Poland and Czechoslovakia should be sol"cd during the conference." This removed one possible stum bling block, since Khrushchev pre viously had insisted that the two tral Intelligence Agency, and his sister. Miss Eleanor Dulles, a State Department official. Capt. Edward Kamin. Army specialist in internal medicine and one of Dulles' physicians at Walter Reed, was aboard the plane with the secretary. The secretary spent the night at Walter Reed. He motored from the hospital to his home where l.e picked up his wife before continuing on to the airport. Dulles is expected to announce shortly after his return to Wash- It was scheduled to arrive inj jn! , ton wh ether he will return to Palm Beach Air Force Base about; nis post President Eisenhower 11:30 a.m. p.s.t. from there. Dul-|, ias said he wffl ]cave the decl . es will motor about 40 miles to L jon to Dulles the Hobe Sound residence of Un- 0n thc eve of nis departure. I dersecrctary of State C. DougIas; DulIcs talkcd wjth tne Prcs jdent Dillon where the secretary willi ov tcIcpnone a nd held conferences spend an indefinite period. Dulles was thin after his stay of more than a month in Walter Reed Army Hospital. But he appeared in good spirits. Acting Secretary of State Christian A. Herter and Dillon headed the small delegation that saw him off. Others were his brother. Director Allen W. Dulles of the Cen- that "peace is the responsibility! Communist states participate in of all nations." the talks on the German question He said that the United States The western attitude on this was should "invoke the moral author-'reserved. The western powers felt ity of the purposes and principles embodied in the charter of thc United Nations." He called for summit talks within the framework of the U.N. Humphrey also warned against expecting "quick and easy solu tions" from summit negotiations He said "we must be prepared to negotiate and negotiate as long as there is the slightest prospect ot relieving world tensions and min imizing the danger of war." Body Not Recovered CASTLETON. England (UPD- Fifty volunteers tried but failed Sunday to recover the body of Oxford student Neil Moss from a narrow rock crevice 1,000 feet below the surface of the earth. They finally had to fill the crevice with rocks and rubble, sealing the body in the shaft into which Moss fell last Tuesday. Rescue efforts failed to free Moss and he died in the crevice. U. S. Won't March Russ On Missile For Missile Basis WASHINGTON (UPD—The nation's military leaders have flatly ruled out a "me-too" policy of trying to match Russia missile for-missile in the long-range rocket field. Hitherto - secret testimony released today by a House appropriations subcommittee made it crystal clear that defense officials believe it is unnecessary to have the same number of 5,000-mile in tercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM's) as Russia does. Defense Secretary Neil H. McElroy and Gen. Nathan F. Twining, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Russia will be capable of pulling ahead of the United States in ICBM production next year. However, they stressed their belief that U.S. forces will be strong enough to deter war at least through 1962 with a combination of air power, 1,500-mile rockets based in Europe, submarines armed with Polaris 1,500-mile missiles, and other weapons. The testimony was taken behind closed doors during January. A Defense Department statement printed with the testimony said that to succeed, an aggressor must devise a plan that would knock out "in one mortal blow, the U.S. and Allied capability to retaliate." "On the basis of all the information available, and in view of] the mix and strategic locations of our retaliatory weapons systems, we just do not believe that any nation possesses the ability to de stroy us, or attack us, without receiving unacceptable damage in return, today or in the foreseeable future," it said. "This is our belief, in spite of the fact that we estimate that the Soviet Union could produce more ICBM's in he period 1959-62 than we plan now to produce in the same time period. that only the nations occupying Germany should discuss the German issue, and that this excluded the Poles and Czechs. The W T est had suggested that these two countries might be brought into the talks "at a certain stage:" the Soviets had wanted them there to start. Germany To Participate Tass also said the Russian notes point out "that the question of the representation of the two German states at the conference of foreign ministers can be regarded as mutually agreed." This Russian reference to the question of German representation being "mutually agreed" was approval of the western suggestion that German advisers from East and West should be invited to the May 11 meeting and should be consulted. Thus, Macmillan's plea that both sides negotiate instead of| fight over the issues of Germany —which were first made in per son to Khrushchev here in Moscow —appeared to have carried the day. It now appeared unlikely that IhcRussians would hold to the May 27 deadline Khrushchev originally had set for handing over the Berlin lifelines to the East Germans. Khrushchev had said the deadline would be extended if negotiations were underway by then. at his home with State Depart ment officials. He spent the night at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. The State Department did not disclose the nsmre of Dulles' con versation with Eisenhower but his talks with State Department of ficials dealt with a number of foreign policy matters. Four Held For Smuggling Marijuana SAN DIEGO (UPD-Four young Las Vegas, Nev., men were in custody today on charges of smuggling four pounds of marijuana into this country from Mexico. The suspects were identified by Customs Service Agents as Thomas A. Griffin, 18. and Robert E. Lee, students; Doyle T. Conner, 25, a metal worker; and Jesse Ryan, 19, a laborer. Agents said the marijuana.— valued at $3,000—was found in a car in which the four drove across the international border. White House Easter Egg Roll Washed Out WASHINGTON 'UPD-The tra ditional White House Easter egg roll was washed out today by a steady drizzle and 40 degree tern peratures. President and Mrs. Eisenhower ordered the event cancelled less than a half hour after gates to the south lawn were opened for the annual event. Less than a doz en children were waiting in line at that time. White House usher James B West telephoned the President and the first lady at their Gettysburg Pa., farm and told them of the miserable weather here. The Eisenhower's decided it was no day for children to be outside possibly risking their health. Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty reported. Only 10 youngsters, Easter baskets in hand, were waiting to en ter thc W 7 hite House grounds when the gates were opened at 9 a.m e.s.t. White House police said it was the lighest turnout since the egg roll custom was revived by Mrs. Eisenhower in 1953. Most of the children who showed up today wore raincoats. Many also carried umbrellas. Mrs. Fred W. Johansen. Fairland, Md., and her five children were among the first to arrive. The Johansen youngsters, ranging in age from 3 to 11, wore Easter bunny costumes including hats with rabbit ears. Brown Plans State Tour SACRAMENTO (UPD-Gov. Edmund G. Brown expects to tour the state from Eureka to S a n Diego for two days next month to make "A mid-session report to the people." "The time has come to go to the people of California with a full report on our plans and prospects," Brown said, adding the tour was set tentatively for mid- April. \ Storm Fronts May Bring Showers United Press International Considerable cloudiness built up over Southern California today as a prelude to two fast - moving storm fronts approaching the Northern California coast. The fronts may bring showers southward later this week. Strong, gusty winds buffeted many areas in Southern California and increased during the afternoon to as high as 40 miles an hour at some desert and moun tain locations. Southwesterly winds hit 13.-25 miles an hour during the afternoon along the coast from Point Conception to the Mexico border. Temperatures remained much the same as Sunday, but were expected to drop slightly Tuesday in the mountain and interior regions. Today's highs ranged from the upper 60s at coastal points to near 90 in the warmest desert areas. U.S. To Equip Italian Forces With Missiles WASHINGTON (UPI) - The United States and Italy have signed an agreement to equip Italian forces with American intermediate range missiles, the State Department announced today. Nuclear warheads for the missiles will remain under U. S. control and custody in accordance with U. S. law. State Department Press Officer Lincoln White said. Italy thus became the first nation on the European continent to sign an agreement to get U. S. intermediate range missiles. A similar agreement was concluded with Britain last year. Negotiations for one with Turkey have been reported. White said the agreement was signed late last week in Rome. U. S. Ambassador James D. Zcl- lerbach signed for the United Siates. White declined to say how many missiles and what type would be turned over to the Italian forces. Nor would he say when they would be put into the hands of the Italians. The U. S. has developed two intermediate range ballistic missiles — the Jupiter and the Thor, It was understood that the Jupiter was one that would be furnished the Italians. U. S. technicians will train the Italians both in this country and in Italy in their use. The agreement was announced Sunday night in Rome. The news touched off a violent protest by the powerful Italian Communist party. Nehru Speaks, Won't Be Dictated To Relations Between India, Red China Plunge To New Low NEW' DELHI (UPI) - Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru told Parliament today India should have friendly relations with Communist China but "that does not mean we should submit to anybody's dictations." Nehru spoke as the revolt in Tibet plunged relations between India and Red China to an all time low. There were predictions the revolt may lead to a major shift in Indian foreign policy but Nehru's statement today was cautiously and carefully worded. He indicated India might giva asylum to certain Tibetan refugees but would not say definitely India would grant asylum to the Dalai Lama should the deposed spiritual and temporal leader cf Tibet try to enter India. Each case must be settled on its merits, he said. The Indians were deeply concerned and worried by the Communist oppression in Tibet and bitter about official Peiping charges the rebels were operating from headquarters at Kalimpong on Indian soil—a charge officially denied by the Indian Foreign Office. Seethe With Excitement The House seethed with excitement when Nehru appeared before it today. He first said the case of each refugee would be decided on its own merits and cited international law -in support of his statement. Red China has forbidden refugees to flee into India. Nehru said several times India's sympathy was with the Tibetan* but he warned that "whatever my government does may have far- reaching consequences." Therefore, he indicated, any movo should be guided by wisdom. Nehru specifically denied official Peiping charges that Kalimpong was being used as a rebel base. He said "we cannot allow Indian soil to be used as the base of propaganda activities" and said when this has happened in tha past the foreigners involved have been warned. Then he referred to a Peiping Radio broadcast which said the Indian Parliament should not discuss China or Tibet since the revolt is an internal Chinese matter, lie expressed sorrow the countries had such different legislatures and hinted it was no business of Pel- ping's. Parliament broke into applauso at this. "This parliament will not DO dictated to by any external" authorities, he stated. Consumer 'Forgotten' WASHINGTON (UPI) — Sen. Estes Kefauvcr (D-Tenn.) says the "forgotten" American con sumer must rise up in protest if the inflation plaguing the United States is ever to be halted. Kefauver said a cabinet-level department of consumers which he proposed recently was the best way for "lonely" consumers tr make their voices heard above thc strident clamor" of special interests. Russ Urge Non-Aggression Pact With NATO. East MOSCOW (UPI) — The Soviet Union appealed again Sunday for non-aggression pact between NATO and the Warsaw Pact na tions and said it was ready to discuss the "disengagement" of Eastern and Western troops from middle Europe. The official Tass news agency issued the statement in connection with the Washington meeting Tuesday and Wednesday of the NATO foreign ministers and the tenth anniversary meeting of the NATO cuncil immediately afterward. The statement said the Russians were ready to take part in disen gagement discussions "or the establishment of a zone of limited contingents and armaments and inspection." Such a freeze on troops was mentioned in the com­ munique ending the talks between British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and Premier Nikita | Khrushchev. I Much of the statement was de signed to show the "aggressive essence of the North Atlantic union's foreign policy line" but it also made these points: —A summit conference would be "most useful" but Russia believes a conference of foreign ministers concerned should be con vened to study the queston of a German peace treaty and the West Berlin question. The NATO powers were urged to reach agreement on the Polish Rapacki proposal to establish a de-nuclearized and rocket-f r e e zone in Central Europe. —The Soviet government believes the most realistic way of settling the Berlin question would be to make West Berlin a demilitarized free city with U.S. observers present. —Nuclear weapons should be outlawed and conventional armaments and troops substantially reduced. It asked an immediate end .of atomic tests. > Mexico Moves To End Communist Led Rail Strike MEXICO CITY (UPI) - Train service slowly returned to normal today in the wake of vigorous government action against a Communist - inspired weekend general strike against the National Railways of Mexico. Federal troops and police arrested more than 1,500 leaders of the Communist-led National Railway Workers Union in an effort to break the strike which idled an estimated 60,000 workers and inconvenienced thousands of Easter holiday travelers. Soldiers still guarded trains and stations across the country as reports indicated that schedules now were being observed "with some delays." The reports said service was almost normal at such main ' railway centers as Monterrey, Nu- cvo Laredo, Vera Cruz, Tampico, Oaxaca and Ciudad Juarez. Among those arrested was Dem- ctrio Vellcjo, left-wing secretary general of the Railway Workers Union. Immediately after his arrest, Vallcjo's opponents ousted him as secretary general and replaced him with a four-man board to run the union until elections can be held. The government agreed to deal with this four-man board in an effort to settle the railway problem. The new leadership said most of the workers, tired of Vallejo's tactics, had decided to« return to work. The dispute began last week when more than 19,000 workers in two separate divisions of the national railways—the Pacific Railway and the Mexico City - Vera Cruz Railway—went on strike for higher wages and other benefits. •

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