Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on March 3, 1952 · Page 15
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 15

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Monday, March 3, 1952
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FOURTEEN EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD. MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1952 Phone 4600 for a WANT AD Taker Here's State-By-State Primary Set-Up Editor's Note: Over the next lew months, the primaries will he much in the news. But Just how do the primaries operate? NEA's chief editorial writer and political export. Bruce Biossat. explores there complex mp.ch- Hni.sms in two crystal clear fiispalches. This is the lust of the scries. By BRUCE BIOSSAT NEA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK — President Truman and others say we ought to junk our present hodge-podge primary system and pick presidential nominees by direct national primary. You can judge better the worth of the arguments pro and con if you on winners simply "favorable to" a man. Delegates are chosen at large and bv districts. cate preference in any way. Voting is by district and at-large. OREGON. Popularity and dele- I voting. Consent of candidate un- i necessary. Delegates cannot be free to decide on candidate as |pj e dged to specific candidate. They choose. Rival slates or individuals | are legally bound to support the may be entered in district delegate MINNESOTA. Has both delegate I elections. state-wide winner of the popular poll. Delegates are elected by dis- and popularity contests. Candidate consent, not needed for either. A few at-large delegates are chosen in state convention. Other at-large and all district delegates are elected. They run pledged to candidates, and winners are bound to vote in convention for man of their choice, until, released by him or until ho fails to get 10 per cent of the convention vote. 'Assignment: America* The Robbs Lack Acreage To Enter British 'Bible' Of Landed Gentry NEW JERSEV. Under brand-new i tricts and at-large, but the popular law, both delegate and popular tests, victor in the state as a whole takes Consent needed in delegate race, \ all. Delegates must use "best efforts unnecessary in presidential candi- j to bring about the nomination" of date voting. Results of latter not j the victorious candidate, binding. Delegates may have names j CALIFORNIA. Delegate election grouped as slate, with candidate of only. No entries are unpledged; choice on ballot alongside. But this all run as part of slate endorsed pledge only morally binding. Un-1 by presidential candidate. Either pledged slates common. Chosen byjhe or his state campaign committee i day for the 4.76 acres to the east of (Keg. U. S. Pat. Off.) By INEZ KOBE up the grandfathers in a pinch, but we are short 188.83 acres, and at current prices we couldn't round up a mortgage big enough for a deal like that any more than we could throw a bull by the tail. It is no consolation to the Robbs that Burke's hints that it won't be adamant even about the grandfathers, just so long as there are i no recent horse thieves in the i WILD OAT FARM, FLEMING- JTON, N. J.— (INS)— Life is real, life Us earnest and dreams are gossamer stuff at best. When we signed the papers and handed over the money the other ; districts and at-large. j must consent. This ,is interpreted NEBRASKA. Both popularity and) NEW YORK Delegate contest! broadly and assumed to mean can- take a good look at the way we now ; delegate contests. Consent required. ] on j v- District and some at-large | didate's forma! authorization of voice our preferences. Here are the detailed each of the 16 states—arranged in chronological order — where presidential primaries will be held this year: NEW HAMPSHIRE. The state's primary includes both election of national convention delegates and a popularity test among presidential candidates. Results of the latter axe purely advisory. Delegates may run pledged to a candidate (his consent is then needed); "favorable to" their choice (consent not required) ; or unpledged. Candidate consent is unnecessary for entry in the popularity poll. Results of the delegate vote are legally binding on j Delegates run by districts and at- rules In j large. Are not pledged to specific candidates, but to abide by the results of the popularity poll. Legally bound to back the winner in convention. WISCONSIN. No popularity test, only delegate voting. Consent required. Delegates run on slates approved by presidential candidates, or run uninstructed. Elected by district and at-large. Winners, if pledged, must vote for candidate until released or until he gets less than 10 per cent of convention vote. •ILLINOIS. Popularity and delegate contests. No consent needed. Delegates-at-large named in state convention. Popular vote is only those pledged, but only morally so [advisory. Delegates run unpledged, a BUMPER CMP OF COODHEALTH IN // t t VITAMINS * NUTRITION • FRESHNESS • FLAVOR Baker* of Distinction THE COMMUNITY BAKING CO. delegates elected. Other at-large delegates named by state committee or convention. Delegates run un- pledged; no statutory instructions of any kind. No presidential candidate names on ballot. County leaders usually frame slates, but rivalries ca"h develop. PENNSYLVANIA. Both delegate and popular balloting. No consent needed. Delegates may run pledged not to specific candidate, but only to district or statewide popular choice. But custom is to run un- pledged, view preferential test as advisory. If bound, however, delegate must use ''all honest means within his power to aid in'securing the nomination" of his candidate (the popular winner). Voting by districts and at-large. MASSACHUSETTS. Delegate election only. Delegates may run unpledged, or pledged to specific candidate. If pledged, need candidate's consent. Preference goes on ballot. Results assumed to be morally binding only on pledged winners, since statute contains no legal instructions.' Voting by districts and at-large. MARYLAND. Both popular and delegate contests. Consent required. Odd quirk here: popularity test is j at county and district level. Dele- j gates to state convention elected simultaneously, and are legally bound to vote there for presidential winner in their area. Must support him so long as he has chance to win majority or he has support from delegates of any nine counties. Presidential candidate who wins state convention balloting gets all the national convention delegates, who are chosen at that time. They then bound to vote for winner in national meeting so long as hope of his nomination exists. OHIO. Delegate contest only. Delegates must run pledged to specific candidate, and also name second choice. Candidate consent required. Balloting by district and at-large. Candidate's name on ballot with his slate. Winners bound to exert "best efforts" to achieve nomination of their choice. FLORIDA. Primary optional, but if called, there is no popularity test, only a delegate election. Consent of candidate unnecessary if delegate wishes to note preference. Candidate name goes on ballot beside his. This is presumed to be the man he intends to vote for in convention, but he is not legally bound. Voting is by district and at-large.* WEST VIRGINIA. Popularity and delegate contests. Consent required. Popular voting advisory only.- Delegates not pledged, nor do they indi- campaign committee action is not needed. Only the candidate's name appears on the ballot; a vote for him is a vote for all his delegates. They are selected at-large, with attention to fair geographic distribution. Winner takes all. Delegates are bound to support their man "to the best of their judgment and ability" in the convention. SOUTH DAKOTA. Delegate contest only. Delegates run at-large. They may run unpledged or pledged to particular candidates. If pledged, they must have formal consent of candidate, or specific authority for an agent to act for him. Delegates may be grouped on the ballot as a slate if they wish. Their pledge is presumed morally binding only. Insects do not grow after once attaining the adult stage. !wild oat, the Robbs felt surely that at long last we had achieved the status of landed gentry. With the new addition, this made us the undisputed masters of 11.17 acres, plus mortgage. "Granted this isn't big enough to spit at in Texas, it makes a real nice home in New Jersey," said my spouse. "Just let anyone try any such nasty, disgusting thing on my farm," I said with some indignation, 'and I will bop him on the nose!" And when a realtor called us two days later and offered us only $1,500 less than we had paid, we were jubilant. "I guess that proves city slickers don't always get stung," I crowed. "Why, those people down the road were offered $2,200 less than they paid! and for only 4.59 acres, too!" So we went along in a rosy glow for several days, with the Robbs happy as larks in the landed gentry. But things are tough all over, only j not tough enough in some depart- i family. But it seems adamant about the entrance requirements of 200 acres. merits. Because I have just read | , <Just where do a long article to the effect that that venerable British bib!e, Burke's Peerage, is issuing its first new edition in fifteen years this spring. What with this and that, things ain't what they used to be in England, including the landed gentry. The minimum qualifications for inclusion in this pleasant cate- ;ory by Burke's was once 500 acres and ten generations of solid family tree without a blemished bough. But taxes, socialism and austerity lave shaken the old standards to their roots, and the coming edition of Burke's landed gentry will include anyone with 200 acres who can name his own grandfather or a reasonable facsimile. As you can see, Burke's has lowered its sights, but it still hasn't drawn a bead 'on us. We can ante FLORIDA ORANGES 4iP jr do FRAY BENTOS CORNED BEEF 12-oz. can 45' JANE PARKER APPLE PIES NEW ONION SETS 2 ... 1 9' COLD STREAM PINK SALMON Mb. can you think we fit the boundaries of their new domain. Then they walked all the way across to the opposite boundary. "Why, this is so a big place," I said. "It's more lawn than I want to mow, and that's for sure, Burke's or no Burke's." said Mr. R. and ho added consolingly, "always remember you can scrounge up a pair of grandfathers or better fo open." "Yes," I agreed, considerably cheered up, "and no horse thieves,' either. Because no matter what the Harvard authorities said, Uncle in?" I asked Mr. R. "Do you think:Horace always claimed he only maybe we would qualify as yeoman J borrowed the policeman's horse." fanners, or something?" i "Perhaps we could qualify aSi XT ,., ,-.. ,., fl , , , yeoman" said the head of Clan j Wlfe Dislikes Hubby 's Robb. "but there is a rumor around j Oo", So He Departs this county (hat we aren't farmers.! I regard this as purely technical j pettifogging, but maybe there would be less argument if we settled for MEMPHIS. Tenn. — (/?) — Mrs. Peggy Ulrich has riled for divorce on the ground that her husband aban- because she didn't like 'or something.' " "In the eyes of Burke's gentry and of Texas, this," I said, j In her Circuit Court bill sh$ corn- indicating the lovely acres of Wild ! plained that her husband, John, Oat rolling away as far as an! pushed her out of the car and left astigmatic eye could see, "may be I her standing in the street beciuse of a poor thing, but mine own!" her "attitude toward the aforesaid doned her landed j his dog. So the Robbs pulled on their 'canine." galoshes and waded through sopping, muddy fields to look at the lovely stakes the surveyor had driven into the soggy earth to mark The Ulrichs were married 40 days ago in Marion, Ark. 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