Page 6 article text (OCR)
6—Uklah Dally Journal, Ukiah Calif. Thursday, July 18, 1974 DEAN DeVRIES GEORGE, HUNT.ER B.A. COBER Publisher Managing Editor Publisher Emeritus * Published daily except Saturday. Sunday and certain holidays by the Mendocino Publishing Coi at 590 South School Streit, Uklah Mendocino County. California 95482 Second Class Postage paid at Ukiah, California f Court Decree No. 9267 Subscription rates by Mail or Carrier One Year, $24.00; Six Months, (12.00; Three Months, $4.00 One Month, $2.00 Per Copy, IS Cents Out of Town Home Delivery $2.00 Mail and Motor Routes Payable 3 Months in Advance Telephone 442-1421 ••:::::::::;:¥:;^ Highway 'economy' is not defensible Ca I Trans, the state agency responsible for the planning and construction of California highways, is apparently feeling the economy pinch and northern California, as usual, is the patsy. When the freeway bypassing Ukiah was constructed, the state took shortcuts which resulted in a hodge-podge of interchanges that not only baffle the hapless tourists but even the natives. Now CalTrans is proposing that Highway 101 between Hopland and the Sonoma County line be constructed as expressway rather than being built fo full freeway standards as proposed in the 1964 plan. The coastal area of northern California, in the years ahead, will realize its tremendous potential for tourism and recreation. Vital to its development is a highway link between San Francisco and the Oregon border that will move traffic swiftly and safely. All present and future highway construction to the north and south is geared to full freeway yet CalTrans would blithely renege\on earlier*plans and construct expressway which is inferior to full freeway from the standpoint of safety since expressway construction involves,grade crossings. The knife that CalTrans holds at the throat of Mendocino County residents is a Sharp one — withdrawal of funds from other county projects. Now CalTrans will restudy the route with an eye toward expressway construction, a boon for designers but another nick in the taxpayer's pocket book. Full arms facts an urgent need Castles and forts in anotner age often were designed with loopholes — narrow openings in their formidable walls. During an attack or siege it was most difficult for those on the outside to fire through the loopholes. However, those on the inside could make good use of them to fire at the exposed enemy. Sen. Henry Jackson insists, and we certainly agree, that there must be no loopholes in strategic arms limitation agreements between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Whether the discrepancies he has reported between the published and actual terms of one phase of the 1972 missile agreement do involve a loophole is debatable. The term is only a figure of speech, although an appropriate one considering that missiles are substituting for castles and forts in this nuclear age. As originally reported the 1972 U.S.-Soviet arms agreement limited the Russians to 950 submarine - launched ballistic missiles and the United States to 710, a formula put forth as acceptable considering differences in technology and other weapons inventories. It now turns out that the United States will not be deploying 710 submarine missiles during the five-year life of the agreement, but only 656. Moreover, the Russians have 70 missiles aboard diesel submarines that were not counted under, the agreement and thus have a permissible inventory of 1,020, not 950. Sen. Jackson has called this a loophole advantageous to the'Russians. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger is offering assurances that Sen. Jackson,is wrong. Be that as it may, it is already evident that there has been a lapse in communication between the Executive and Congress on a subject that demands full and clear exposure of facts. The terms of the 1972 agreements have been a subject of public debate for two years. It is alarming to consider that this debate was based on a misapprehension of those terms. Congress cannot make crucial decisions about the size and shape of our nuclear defense if it is ignorant of secret "understandings" and "interpretations" in agreements with the Soviet Union. President Nixon and Mr. Kissinger should heed an old admonition from the business world: get it in writing. Redbacks The signature of Francine Neff, the new U.S. Treasurer, will begin appearing soon on dollar bills, and that would not be the only change if Mrs. Neff has her way. She thinks paper money should be printed with red ink instead of green until the federal government stops financing itself by borrowing to cover deficit budgets. That would be a bit unnerving, since the familiar green of our money is about all it has retained of its old character, when we knew that a dollar handed us today would buy a dollar's worth of goods tomorrow. Deficit spending spurs the inflation that is robbing our currency of the respect it once commanded, so Mrs. Neff's proposal has a ring of honesty, the circulation of redbacks would probably be an embarrassing reminder to our debt-ridden federal government which may be just what it needs. Dim view taken of Prop. 9 This Was Page One News 10,20, 30 - YEARS AGO - 40,50 10 YEARS AGO Jim Cooper, 28, has been named administrative assistant to State Sen. Frank Petersen, Ukiah. Daniel Burton, 8, of Low Gap Rd. is recovering today in Hillside Hospital from emergency surgery performed last night to remove a pellet slug from his stomach. 20 YEARS AGO Although Mendocino County's Lilburn Gibson is listed as one of the four "outstanding" superior judges in 32 counties who is being considered for appointment to a federal district judgeship in Sacramento, he is not an applicant and would not accept the appointment if it were offered him, he said yesterday. Cinemascope is coming to the Ukiah Theater on July 29, Jay Allen, manager of the theater, announced yesterday. 30 YEARS AGO There is renewed hope for Lt. Walter E. Duer of Willits, missing in action since May 11, found in a letter to his mother, Mrs. Mary Duer. All members of Lt. Duer's crew were seen to parachute safely from their disabled plane, a B-24 Liberator. Curtis Hollingworth of Willits has tendered his resignation as chief of police of that city and will move his family to Ukiah.. The first of the week, he will enter the office of Sheriff B.G. Broaddus as deputy. 40 YEARS AGO Convoying of trucks by armed guards is now proceeding from the Humboldt line to the Sonoma County line through ' Mendocino County due to the general strike. Mr. and Mrs. A.R. O'Brien and Mrs. Ester Michaelson motored to Sacramento Friday' where Mr. O'Brien and other directors of the Golden Gate Bridge District appeared before the State Highway Commission. 50 YEARS AGO The Prather family in its diverse , and various ramifications held the annual family reunion and picnic last Sunday. The little son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Door broke his right leg near the ankle while riding on a scooter the latter part of last week. Brief but meaningful Copley News Service SACRAMENTO — A bill introduced in the Assembly in May by Assemblyman Barry Keene, Eureka Democrat, contains only 14 words. Yet its implications are in some respects about as far- reaching as in, almost any complex measure to be tackled by the Legislature this year. Keene's measure deals with death. It says every person has the right to die. " -~ One can't quarrel too much with that, except that there are some restrictions and ticklish Questions, moral and religious as well as legal, such as taking your own life or whether medical treatment can or cannot be required to an ailing person on religious or other grounds. Keene's bill says a person has the right to die "without prolongation of life by medical means." The bill is prompted by the recent advances in medical science such as medical support systems which can be used to keep patients alive who otherwise would die. They are, in fact, major forward steps in the science of medicine. They also are very expensive. Keene said the problem which prompted his bill is twofold. It involves a terminally ill patient, one who cannot ever expect to live anything like a normal life but is kept alive by medical science. One aspect of the problem is the physical pain of the patient, Keene said. Should he be forced to endure agonizing pain over a period of hours, months or even years when there is no hope of- real recovery? Keene said the other is the emotional pain involving the family. The highly expensive medical support equipment can decimate the family's finances and leave it unprovided for when the patient eventually dies. The assemblyman said someone close to him went through such a traumatic experience with a dying aunt, who was kept alive by extremely costly medical equipment. He said he also knew of the case of a victim of Hodgkin's .disease who was kept alive for 14 years although he wanted to die all that time. "If you want to go far enough with this, it almost gets into the realm of science fiction," Keene said. "How about requiring that cancer patients be placed in a .frozen state because a cure for cancer might be forthcoming in 30 years or so?" Keene's bill was considered by the Assembly, judiciary committee, which decided to study the matter during the legislative interim. There are "operational aspects" which will have to be added to the bill, the assemblyman said. He said it needs language, to assure that the dying person is capable of making a rational, sound judgment. There must be protection for the medical personnel involved. "I think this is something very important because it affects the lives of a large number of people," Keene said. "There is an important distinction. This is not a euthanasia (mercy killing) bill. It is almost antieuthanasia. It does not say someone can kill someone else out of mercy. It says you have the right to die." Uninsured driver By RANDOLPH COLLIER / State Senator The rising number of uninsured and otherwise financially irresponsible drivers on California highways has been incredible in the past few years. Many motorists after accident involvements — some of whom are not personally at fault — learn that the other party has no insurance whatever to cover repairs to the car or for the injuries resulting from the accidents; Now, however, a bill designed to stop this spiraling increase in uninsured drivers may stop if a bill passed by the Senate and now before the Assembly for action in August becomes law. The measure requires that all California motorists have either insurance or be able to stand financial responsibility for an accident. It was brought out in .testimony before the Legislature that more than 20,000 persons are now on the Chuckle , The quickest way for a mother to get her children's attention is to sit down and look comfortable. Another person who doesn't make house calls is the contractor who sold it to you. road who should , have their licenses revoked. Still, they are allowed to drive, because they have requested administrative hearings into past accidents in which they were involved, Unfortunately, the backlog of cases pending before the Department of Motor Vehicles allows them to drive until the hearings are accomplished. During the period of the last four years the number of noninsured drivers involved in accidents has risen to over 20 per cent. After hearing the number of those who have insurance has dropped from 92 to 78 per cent, the realization that surfaces is that if a law such as this is not passed making insurance compulsory, the system may collapse. RED TAPE BONANZA BOISE, Idaho (UPI) - Red tape is saving Idaho taxpayers money. State Auditor Joe R. Williams reported Monday that his office has sold waste paper and used data processing cards for $851.75. This, he said, went into state coffers. Williams said he was so pleased with the sale, which amounted to five tons, to a Nampa, Idaho, paper, recycling company that this would become standard procedure for state government. Copley 1 News Service SACRAMENTO — The Legislature could not do anything about one massive dose of election reform, .which was Proposition 9 on the June ballot. But it could do something about another, the eight- measure package proposed by Gov. Ronald Reagan — some say in an effort to head off approval of Proposition 9. In spades. Legislators were powerless to scuttle the proposition because it was an initiative placed on the ballot by the signature securing efforts of the People's Lobby, Common Cause and Ralph Nader's California Citizen Action Group. The proposition was endorsed by a few legislators, but most of them, whether they said so or not, did not like it. They pointed out that they had enacted laws similar to provisions in Proposition 9 last year, tightening, up campaign disclosures and conflict of interest involving public officials. The Legislature had not done anything about limiting campaign spending, tightening the constraints on lobbyists' activities or providing a body to monitor fair campaign practices, features which were in Proposition 9. The voters apparently felt differently than the legislators because they approved the initiative by the largest margin in history. Reagan told anyone who cared to listen that his election reform package was better than Proposition 9. He said in fact that some of its proposals were even more stringent. Whether the legislators thought one dose of election reform in one year Was enough, or whether they did not want any tougher measures, or whether they didn't want any at all or whatever, they cut the governor's package to shreds. A bill which would prohibit contributions "from corporations, . labor organizations or public employe groups was. killed in the Assembly elections and reapportionment committee. A bill which would move the primary elections from June to September was shot down by the same committee. So was a measure which would have prevented public employes from politicking during working hours or with public equipment or supplies. The. Senate elections and reapportionment committee: provided the coup de grace to a proposed constitutional amendment which would have made the secretary of state a nonpartisan position. A bill providing for an advisory commission on fair campaign practices was dropped, apparently because a similar body was provided for in Proposition 9 —and the bill probably would not have passed anyway. Even a bill providing for simpler wording on ballot measures died in the Assembly ways and means committee. This left one of Reagan's proposals alive, a bill which would prohibit judges from contributing or administering campaign funds other than for their own campaigns. If the people were sending the Legislature a message through the overwhelming approval of Proposition 9, it was clear that the lawmakers decided to ignore the message so far as" Reagan's package was concerned. New Books at Library By SHARON CANTRALL The Chickadees: A contemporary fable, by Conrad Hyers. His tale is full of the real habits and lore of this small bird. Fifty-Two Pickup, by Elmore Leonard. An armtwisting . pageturner of considerable excitement. Final Analysis, by Lois Gould. Her gentlest and funniest book. Going Like Sixty: A Ughthearted 1 look at the later years, by Richard Armour. The Homemade Beer, Book: In which are included general principles and recipes for making beer in the home, history of beer, drinking customs of old New England, brewing of the olden times, curious lore of oldtime brewing, by Vresi Orton. Merry-go-round FDAs new look at f louride By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — Half of America today . drinks fluoridated water to avert cavities. Yet federal authorities are suddenly taking another belated look at its safety and effectiveness. This could revive the great fluoridation controversy of 20 years ago, although the authorities are going about it coolly and quietly. The fluoride fighters of the 1950s regarded the addition of fluoride to drinking water as a "Communist plot" to brainwash the American people. For those who have forgotten or are too young to remember, there really were "little old ladies in tennis shoes" passing out pamphlets, in the aisles of , New York subways. There were town marches and angry, campaigns. The Daughters of the American Revolution were aghast. But gradually, the tide turned. The Public Health Service led the fight for fluoridation. Congressional hearings in 1961 seemed to show fluoride was safe and didn't build up in the body. In 1961, 70 communities turned to fluoride. Another 100 added fluoride to their tap water in 1962. The fluoride fighters all but fell apart in 1966 when they lost their final battle in New York City^ American dentists Helped sound the death knell by putting their, official seal on Iluoridated Crest, to the envy, and outrage of less resourceful dentifrice peddlers. Soon the doughty Daughters stood almost alone, with some last-ditch, antiflouride fanatics manning mimeo machines. But a few worried scientists had their own private reservations. Within the last few days, the Food and Drug Administration has. taken some careful, tentative steps to reconsider fluoridation. The FDA is moving at the insistence of a California. Institute of Technology biologist who is so reluctant to make his findings public that he begged us to kill this story. The quiet scientist is Dr. Edward Groth HI, whose hesitant conclusions come from study of 1,000 papers and countless abstracts, books, summaries and scientific publications. On June 3, with much hedging and apology, Groth wrote to Dr. Lloyd Tepper, FDA's energetic associate commissioner, himself a student of anti-cavity additives: "I must admit to being a bit reluctant to write to you on this subject," he told Tepper, "since I do not want to get into, a position of supporting the opponents of fluoridation, with whom I have little sympathy." Groth said he recognized that the body of research seeming to "support the effectiveness and safety of fluoridation is enormous. And there is an apparently overwhelming consensus among experts that (fluoridation) reduces dental caries some 60 per cent, without any adverse effects on any person." That duly acknowledged, Groth proceeds to make a devastating case for reopening the files on fluoridation. For one thing, he observes, CARNIVAL. the .Public Health Service was involved in a gigantic conflict of interest at the time of the fluoride fever. The fluoridation idea, as Groth explains it, "was developed by the dental branch of PHS, and the evaluation of the adequacy of the evidence was conducted primarily by PHS scientists and by other outside scientists who were also very much involved in the development and promotion of the measure." The key studies, said Groth, lacked even "the most basic elements of 'blind?, design" which ensure total objectivity. Besides, factors such as the subjects' dental care, diet and fluoride intake were never even cranked into the studies, he reported. More ominously, Groth wrote, "there is still not adequate evidence, despite numerous statements from high places to the contrary, that (fluoridation) is without appreciable risk." All these considerations were brushed aside 20 years ago because of "the political controversy which swirled around fluoridation." The heat of the debate "made it expedient to have as firm a scientific statement as possible, and as early in the game as possible," Groth concluded. When Tepper got the letter, he told us he decided that "we could not just push it aside. It comes with credentials of a high order." Not only Groth, he explained, but some of his elders, including twp well- known biologists and a phar macologist, are also concerned about the longrange effects of .fluoridation. "We definitely have made no conclusions, but we are going to look into the issue," he told us. Groth, who had hoped the new fluoridation controversy could be handled within the scientific community, •I'm keeping my fmjferir crossed I don't want it'to lead to more choosing up sides." Footnote: Groth has at least one powerful ally in Washington. Ralph Nader tells us he has been worried about the inadequacy of follow-up tests on fluoride intake for years. He blames the FDA for footdragging on a definitive nationwide survey. BARBS By PHIL PASTORET Bill collectors are what most of us have become. Why does the phone always ring when you're home alone and just starting to shower? Streaking" is just the modern version of what happened when you lost at strip poker. We know a fellow who's well-suited for his job — but that's about his only qualification. Our favorite waitress says she serves everything from soup to nuts — her customers. Keeping records is frowned on by those who own the platters. by Dick Turner "Teacher says we must all do our bit to ensure peace! I think 50 cents would insure it around here for awhile!"