Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on March 3, 1952 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

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Monday, March 3, 1952
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FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1952 Phone 4600 for a WANT AD Taker Evening «£ Sunday Times The Timid Soul Every Afternoon (except Sunday) and Sunday Morning. Published by The Times ar.o Allesaman Corr.aany. 7-s South Mechanic Street. Curr.beriand Md. Entered a* second class ma!! matter at '^umb Maryland undrr the act o! March 3. 1R"9 Member ol the Audit Bureau 01 Circulation Member of The Associated Press Telephone 4600 Weekly subscription rate oy Carriers: One week Eve. only 30c; Evening Tlrees per copy. 5c; Eve t sun* Times. -tOc per v/eelc: Sunday rime? only. lOc per copy. The Evening Times and Sunday Time? assume no financial responsibility tor typographical errors in advertisements out will reprint that part ot an advertisement in which the typographical error occurs- Srrors must o« reported at once. Monday Afternoon, March 3, 1952 OUR COUNTRY The union of hearts, the union ol hands and the Flag of our Union forever. — Morrn, Political Football SPEAKER RAYBURN of the House of Representatives has stirred up a controversy by banning television and radio coverage of House committee hearings. He did it, he said, because House rules make no pro- ision for broadcasting or televising the hearings. The radio and television people, naturally, are up in arms. They say it's a heavy and unfair blow to their industry. Some people of Republican persuasion are aroused,, too. The say the Democrats are trying to hamper disclosure of Administration shenanigans. The Democrats deny it. Some say the klieg lights and general whoopla of televising the hearings are unfair to witnesses and tend to make them jumpy and want to scream. OTHERS SAY a witness with nothing on his conscience can usually survive the cameras' scrutiny with no lasting bad effects. Aside from such pro's and con's, •there appears to be one aspect of the situation which must be given consideration. That is the right of the people of the country to know everything posible about their government. Certainly television and radio make an important contribution to such knowledge, just as do 'newspapers, with their news and picture coverage. Public interest in the government and its workings, considered by most to be a pretty healthful sign, received quite a shot in the arm as a result of televised congressional hearings in recent years. Among the products of these hearings was the rise to national prominence of 'a man who is now a candidate for President. Before he conducted a televised investigation into national crime, not too many people outside of Tennessee had heard much of him. AND THE RISE TO prominence is not without point, perhaps, in the political aspects of the present squabble. Do political leaders look with complete favor on an instrument such as television which can suddenly elevate a man, unsummoned by party bosses, to a top rung on the party ladder? As matters stand, it is up to the House of Representatives itself to take action if it feels its Speaker is wrong. The House can make rules specifically applying to television and radio. It can even go so far as to adopt legislation long advocated by Rep. Jacob Javit-s, New York Republican. He would allow televising of the House while it is in session—the sleepers, readers of newspapers and all. Aged Lawmakers REPRESENTATIVE Robert L. Douphton of North Carolina, chairman of the Hou.se Ways and Means Committee, is retiring at 88, after 42 years of service. That his health requires this step must be a bitter disappointment, for some time ago he was reported to have as his ambition the breaking of the House record for long membership. The present figure, 46 years, was attained by former Speaker Joseph G. Cannon, "Uncle Joe," of Illinois; so that Doughton had a good chance to beat his mark. Doughton's congressional position gave him a chance to approve or kill much important legislation. Unless he differs from many persons of such advanced years, he may have failed to absorb new points of view. To judge current needs by the standards prevailing when he entered Congress in 1911 would not necessarily be the better part of wisdom. The Senate, too, has more than its share of oldsters. Senator Kenneth D. McKellar of Tennessee is 83, and Patrick A. McCarran of Nevada is 76. Tom Connally of Texas, chairman of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, is 75, as is Clyde Hbcy of North Carolina. Walter George of Georgia is 74, and Carl Hayden of Arizona seventy-five. Wisdom is thought by many to go with ace. More often, unfortunately, the accompaniment of old age is over-devotion to idea.s of the past. Various Vandenbergs CAPITALIZING on famous names is an old practice of American politics. This may partly explain the legitimate desire of Arthur H. Vandenbcrg, Jr., to occupy the Michigan senatorial seat so long filled by his father, and now occupied by Senator Blair Moody, Democrat. Vandcnberg. if nominated, could h.ive countrd on votes from two sources, tho.se who admired his father so much that, they would have .supported the son, snd those who did not yet know that the rider Vandcnbcre; is dead. Young Vandcnbrrpr finally decided noi, to run. Air Fornr Genera! Hoyt Vandenberg is not a son but a nephew. For some time there was a rather .-illy custom, \vhrn an office-ho'iuri' iiicii. to have his wife succeed him. even though there were, abler persons available. There has been less of a tendency to choose sons. One conspicuously successful instance was the Wisconsin replacement of the veteran Senator Robert M. LaFoilette by his son of the ,<arne name. The son served nearly a quarrer of a century, bring defeated in 1346 by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy. Delaware for a long time repeatedly c'er'ed ,«rnn:ors from the Bayard and Salisbury families, but secir.s now to have given up the practice. Po>sihiy your.? Vandenhrre may ye: be a Die :o st.zrt a Vandenberg ,;ucce«;on. , / HOPE NO | Os/£ W/LL MISTAKE I YOUR COAT FOR MINK /ALTHOUGH MR. MILQUETOAST IS NOT ON THE GOVERNMENT PAYROLL HE IS AWARE OF THE SINISTER IMPLICATIONS OF MINK COATS By w. T. WEBSTER Whitney Bolton Looking Sideways Thomas L. Stokes Utilities Use Old Tricks To Sway Congress WASHINGTON — Lobbying techniques used by powerful private interests on Congress are often intriguing, even if few new tricks show up. One of the oldest, because it's proved effective, is to get prominent individuals and interests back home in the member's constituency to put the heat on him. Another is to prevail upon local public agencies to bring pressure on him on matters in which very frequently such agencies really have no concern nor any reason to intrude. This latter tactic is disclosed in the current highly organized and. well-financed campaign by the private utilities to curb development of public power projects. Their special aim is to eliminate the preference now guaranteed by law to public bodies, such as towns and municipalities, as well as cooperatives, in sale and distribution of power from public projects. municipal agencies, to bring pressure upon their members of House and Senate in behalf of this measure. THIS CAMPAIGN, led by the so- called National Association of Electric Companies, is concentrated now, as previously revealed here, on a proposal for construction and control of the Niagara River project in New York by five private companies. This would be gained under terms which would do away with these preferences and leave sale and distribution of the power to the private companies, as provided in a pending bill introduced jointly by Senator Capehart and Rep. Miller. As part of this campaign, directed by Purcell L. Smith, the $65,000-a- year president of the association, state commissions having jurisdiction over utilities all over the country have been solicited, as well as A VERY interesting exhibit is this letter addressed to Senator Carl Hayden by . William T. Brooks, of the Arizona Corporations Commission: "In connection with the quc.sl.ion before you as to whether private funds or public funds should be user! to develop an electric power project to develop additional electricity at the Niagara River project: The National Association of Electric Companies has written us and the other state commissions handling this subject, enclosing some very interesting and enlightening information. It is my opinion that public funds should not be used for this work, but that private capital and interests, as provided in the Miller- Cnpehart bill, be given this authorization." What, the commissioner from Arizona should have to do with something being developed for the people of New York and adjacent New England is somewhat hard to ascertain. Furthermore, the people of Arizona are benefitting themselves from public projects that have helped development of that state. in cooperative endeavor, from this source of energy which belongs to all the people. It was because of the failure of the private utilities to meet the expanding need for electricity in this country, particualrly in rural areas, that Congress in 1936 passed the Rural Electrification Act. This provided for loans to cooperatives to build their own lines. There has been an amazing extension of electric power far and wide since then, through that act and the subsequent 1944 Flood Control Act. The latter authorized preference for public bodies and cooperatives from public power projects, and also authorized the government itself to build transmission lines from such public projects where this was necessary to reach the people who needed electricity. Many such lines have,been built. The competition likewise forced many private utilities to expand their services. WHEN YOU PUT it all down. Manhattan doesn't have to shrink away when the talk turns to cities and their color. Some people rhapsodize about the sewers of Paris, some about, the docks of London, others about the Kasb'ah of Algiers and when the going gets good you can even get a man fired up to talking about the cotton mills of Spartanburg. South Carolina. But until rhe last of the alcohol cutting warehouses of prohibition Manhattan is torn down I'll stand up with the next lover of this island and say that color is to be found there to this day, although almost 20 years have gone by since Repeal. The one I want to talk about is far over on the West Side of 70th Street a former carriage house, complete with hand-carved brownstone horses' heads over the doors, which once upon a time was in the able hands of a now dead hoodlum called Dutch Schultz. How a little West Side mope named Arthur Flegenheimer ever was saddled with a name like Dutch Schultz, I'll never know, and I don't actually care, but that's bow it was; and among the mobsters and a few concerned newspapermen he was The Dutchman. * THERE WAS a time when I knew that The Dutchman had an alcohol cutting plant on the West Side, but I also knew he had one on Upper Park Avenue, beyond the 96th Street deadline between the Park Avenue that is mink and the Park Avenue that is alley cat. He had one in Brooklyn, too, and another in Queens and, for all I knew, he may have had the whole downtown side of that 70th Street block, but I doubt it. It didn't raise either my hackles or my temperature and every time I saw a postman lugging a square carton labelled "Prom The Empire Pickle Co.," I knew that the Dutchmen was shipping somebody, via Uncle Sam, a gallon of well-diluted alcohol. THIS ISSUE is of interest to people all over the nation. For the private utilities are pushing the Capehart-Miller bill as an opening wedge to seize control of other po- tentiarpowcr sites and thus thwart the will of the public, as expressed through Congress, to get the sort of service they need at reasonable rates, and by their own initiative FOR THE Niagara project, both the preferences and the building of transmission lines where necessary would be provided under a bill sponsored jointly by Senator Lehman and Rep. Roosevelt which would call for Federal construction but for operation by the state under terms that would protect the public interest. There is still a third bill, sponsored by Senator Ives and Rep. Cole, providing for construction and operation by the New York State Power Authority, but without preference guarantees and with sale from the bus bar, as it is called, to private companies for their distribution, and with no provision for building transmission Unas to insure adequate service to the public. (United Pcal.urr. Syndicate, Inc.) Peter Edson Russia Exceeds U. S. In Lighter Type Planes WASHINGTON — (NBA) —Questions on the relative merits ot American and Russian air power are best answered by comparison of planes, type for type. In summary, these comparisons arc analyzed as showing: 1. Russia has concentrated on interceptor plane production. This is taken as an indication that Russia has been primarily interested in defensive operations up to now. 2. On quality, American planes are considered superior, type for type. This is not, true on quantity comparisons on all types. The U. S. has more bombers, particularly in Ion? range types. Russia has more interceptors and fighters. 3. The United States took a holiday on plane production at the end of World War II. Russia riid not. Russia's greater aircraft production is the result. A. V. Roe Company of Canada, builders of the first jet transport, credits Russia's rise in jet production to the British 1947-48 sale and delivery to the Soviet of 55 Rolls Roycc jet engines. Much to the U. S. annoyance the British even invited Russian technicians to take a course in maintenance at, the Rolls Royce plant in England. Soviet engineers went on from there. TODAY the Russian MIG-15 and the U. S.. F-86 Sabrejet have the same engine thrust. The U. S. P-84 Thunderjet is not considered a match for the latest Russian models. The MIG-15 is a lighter plane, making it better a.t higher altitudes. The F-86 is considered superior at lower levels. In the Korean war in air-to-air battles between the two planes, the score has been 166 MIG- 15's shot down, to 23 F-86's. The ratio is 7'4-to-one, In many air battles over Korea recently, the American planes have been outnumbered by similar ratios. Superiority of American pilots and their radar fire control equipment is given credit for the advantaac. There is a dispute among pilots over armament. U. S. standard equipment is the .50-cal. machine gun, which fires up to 1500 rounds a minute. Russian armament is predominantly 20-mm. and 30-mm.— even 37-tnm. cannon, which fire only 700 rounds a minute. For hiah-speed aircraft, there is an advantage in more rapid fire. Heavier aircraft cannon and ammunition add to the weight of a plane and so reduce its combat time. Tests are now under way to determine if U. S. equipment should be changed. ON ALL-WEATHER interceptors, the U. S. has the F-94 Northrup and the F-89 Lockheed in production, but the numbers in service are still low. Soviet Russia is believed to have few if any planes of this type, except perhaps experimentally. MIG-19 and YAK-1 and 5 rocket interceptors have been identified. But they have not been in combat over Korea. So their characteristics are not known. On bombers, the most publicized Russian model has been the TU-4. This is a direct steal of the American B-29. It was American misfortune in this instance, in being forced to make emergency B-29 landings in Siberia during the war which resulted in giving the "lus- sians their start on heavy bomber production. The B-29, which speeds around 350 miles-an-hour, is^apidly becoming obsolete on missions where it may encounter jet interceptors. The same applies to the TU-4. History From The Times Files TEN' YEARS AGO March 3. 1942 Heavy ;-now—seven inchrs in city and 15 in mountain area—handicapped telephone and transportation service. City saved $3.000 by not holding a primary election—with only eight candidates tor council and two for mayor — balloting was nor, necessary. Tommy Martin, son of Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Martin, former residents of Cumberland, won understudy role of lead part, in Broadway production of "Life With Father." launched move for post office substation. Funeral services for Mrs. Myrtle T. Shatter, 46. Ridpeley. THIRTY YEARS AGO March 3, 1<I22 Maryland Mould Machinery Company organized here. Total registered voters in Cumberland counted at 4.774. Death of Jesse Kennel, farmer, Wellersbu're, Pa. TWENTY YEARS AGO March 3. 1332 Ci'v primary vote nf 9.2R8 shattered previous records. Bowling Green Communily Glut) FORTY YEARS AGO March 3, 1!H2 Financial report of C&O Canal showed deficit of S98.91S.15. Death of Mrs. Mary Nixon, 85, Fro* t. burs. State Tax Ccmmis=;on granted charter for the Tri-S'ate Consolidated Cna! Company \v:th headquarters here. and trap floors, not to mention a festoon of bullet holes up one wall of the stairs to the second floor. The people are named Bi! ithat's right, one L.' and Cora Baird and they are puppeteers. Bil is from Iowa and the last person you'd ever think would be living in a place with a spray of bullet scars on the wall and the floors checkered with intricately fitted trap doors. They bought the place about five years ago and in between creating their puppets and rehearsing their puppet television show on the ground floor they patch up traps, rip down false ceilings and continue to sweep out the literally hundreds of Empire Pickle Company cartons they found in the place. Bi! still gets a chuckle over the name of The Dutchman's company, since people do get pickled on alcohol, and Bi! believes Schultz must, have had the glimmerings of a sense of humor. Hal Boyle AP Reporters Notebook NEW YORK-DO you know the greatest feat of made ever performed? John J McManus, a corpora!ion attorney who owns the world's largest collection of. ma pic apparatus, says you don't, ha.ve to be a Houdinl to perform it. Anybody can do it. "The best magic trick I know of is to tell the truth," he said dryly. "You can fool more people that way than you can by telling lies." McManus, former president of the Rolls Royce Company of America, knows far more about maple than most men who make it a career. He has assembled a library of 2,000 volumes on the occult and 3,000 props used by the great professional magicians of the past. Part of his collection, valued at more than S100.000. will be shown at the National Antiques Show in Madison Square Garden next, week. A NEW Russian type 31 bomber has now been indentificd. It has a speed of over 450 miles-an-hour and a range of 6.500 miles. These characteristics will enable the 31 to make two-way trips from Russian bases to some targets in the United States. It is reported that by the end of the year Russia, may have some 10 or 20 planes of this type, equipped with turbo-prop engines. This will make the plane roughly comparable to the B-36 bomber, which the U. S. has in much greater quantity. Surpassing the B-36, the United States has the E-47. It is in the 600 mile-an-hour class, but is not yet available in quantity. In the offing is the B-52. But it, won't be in use for some time. In light bombers, with a 1.300- mile range, the Russians have a type 27. It is powered by two jet encines which Rive it a speed of around 500 miles-an-hour. There is also a new Russian type 35 with a speed of 550. The Russians are believed to have 800 of these AND NOW TWO talented and exceedingly hard - working people live, toil and create in The Dutchman's old warehouse. They moved , in about 14 years ago and found it to be a. web of old telephone cables, door warning devices, false ceilings AFTER THE Bairds had been there a few years, and had become friendly with people in the neighborhood, they found out about the bullet holes. It seems that a rival mob knew that Schultz had a. huge amount of excellent alcohol on the premises one night and. buckling on their hardware, they kicked in the doors and started shooting; just to get some respect for themselves from Schultz's cutters, who stood with mouths agape and hands in the air. The rivals took 600 gallons out of there that night, not even bothering to put a carton around each gallon. The result of the gunfire was' a lace of bullet holes up the walls, plus some ricochet gears on other walls. The loss didn't bother The Dutchman too much, because he knew how to get his alcohol back, but it upset a policeman of the area who had a piece of the cutting plant and was afraid the gunfire would reveal his connections. The boys protected him, however. And now the Bairds live upstairs and work downstairs and from the old warehouse issue streams of puppets designed for the television cameras of CBS. Very good puppets, too. Far more enchanting than the glowering puppets that worked for little Arthur Flegenheimer. (McNaught Syndicate. Inc.) Marquis Childs Hear Washington Calling WASHINGTON — In trouble in Indo-China the French have sent up an urgent distress call. The Communist Viet-Minh forces are pushing so hard and with new equipment supplied by China that the French position is in peril. At the NATO meeting in Lisbon, just ended, Secretary of State Dean Acheson was told that American assistance on a greatly enlarged scale and immediately is vital. Un- ' less it is forthcoming, the French say they cannot be responsible for what happens. If Indo-China should go, then the shaky regimes in other Southeast Asian countries would fall like a house of cards. This alarm resembles the crisis of 1947 when the British said they could no longer maintain sufficient; force to hold back the tide of communism in Greece. As a consequence, President Truman called on Congress to approve help to those two countries. The Communist guerrillas in Greece •were eventually put down with close to two billions of American funds going for economic and military aid. French planes have recently been shot down by ground fire. During recent weeks the same thing has been happening in Korea. There jet fighters have been shot down by anti-aircraft fire. Tills means that the Communists in Korea are using the very latest radar-controlled weapons, since only with such weapons is it possible by ground fire to bring down planes traveling 600 miles or more a.n hour. JUST returning from Lisbon, the hard-pressed Secretary of State must try to cope with the newest appeal. In an election year the devout hope i.s. of course, that no new request of Congress Tvill be necessary. Yet such is the scale of what must be done that it cannot be ruled out. On the strictly human side this has for Acheson a grim irony. For achieving, on paper at least, far more than had been expected out of the Lisbon conference, he has been getting some most unusual salvoes of praise. But now. as so often in the past, he must try to find support to meet a new threat of Communist aggression. In reality it cannot be called new. At least twice in less than a year the French have warned of the danger inherent in the situation in Indo-China, particularly as .it relates to the capacities of the French at home to sustain an army of 150.000 in the Indo-Chinese jungle. Last year the cost was nearly a half- billion dollars. It is expected to be greater in 1952. ALTHOUGH this development has not been publicized, it has caused great disquiet among those studying intelligence reports. If Soviet Russia means to intervene in these local wars by equipping troops with the latest arms, then the danger is very considerable that a local war will become an all-out conflict. Working through their Chinese allies, the Russians may feel that they can go even further In Indo- China than they have gone in Korea. This raises the serious question as to whether the United States, preferably in partnership with the United Nations, should not give the Communists a clear warning against further intervention. WHEN HE visited Washington In September, General De Lattre de Tassigny was as frank as he felt he could be in urging the need' for much greater help. That gallant soldier had done a great deal :n a. brief time to build up the position of the French forces in Indo-China. His death was a severe blow. Similarly, when General Alphonse Juin visited Washington in January he marie the plea sound as urgent a.s possible. The French are saying now that 'hey must, havp at, least, twice, as much assistance and especially In two categories—planes and trucks. That volume is essential to check the infiltration and also to combat, the modern weapons brought in from china bv way, if, is believed, of Soviet Russia. Chief among recent additions are effective an! ^aircraft weapons. Ten 27's and 35'?., with a production rate of about 1.000 a year. These planes are in the class of the British Canberra, on which U. S. production is just beginning and the American B-45, of which there are only a few in service. In the lieht tactical bomber field, the U. S. is far behind. SUCH A warning was discussed with British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden when he was here at the first of the year with Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Some American policy-makers, conspicuously John Foster Dulles, felt that it should tie stated unequivocally that intervention by the Chinese would mean an attack on the centers of supply in China. Eden wanted to know what would happen if the warning were ignored. A military committee was appointed to study the possibility of such a warning. That committee is still deliberating. Acheson's first task is to try to make adjustments in the military economic aid program. What, the French have now plainly said is that they cannot sustain rearmament at home and simultaneously the drain of prolonged combat in Indo-China. If funds in prospect cannot be stretched far enough, then much bolder steps will be in order. (United Fi-atnrp s.vnrhcatc. Tnc.l Barbs Nebraska police caught a man heading for his home in a stolen car. His wife can expect him in three months. A secret is the shortest distance between two women. Any resemblance between the pictures of flowers in this year's seed books and those that'll grow in your garden is entirely coincidental. AN ACCOMPLISHED amateur magician himself, he found his hobby to be a source of unexpected profit during the last war, when his firm handled many multi-million dollar defense contracts. "I used magic in Washington to amuse the high brass," he said, grinning. "During one intense negotiating session I cut the cords off the window shades and performed a few simple rope tricks. He believes magic plays a greater role in people's lives than they ever realize, that some form of it surrounds our every step. "World leaders, from the days of medieval English kings on, often have guided the destinies of their subjects by the advice of private spiritualists, astrologers and palmists. "The last Russian czar had his Rasputin: Mussolini and Hitler had their astrologers. And you'd be surprised by how many big businessmen and government officials still consult fortune tellers. McManus recalled how. the art of Robert- Houdin, the great French magician, was put to political use to quell a North African uprising in the last century. He called in the native leaders and showed them a box on his desk. Lifting it easily, he put it down again and asked them to try. They couldn't budge it. Some banks report a stortage of pennies. Maybe those little china pigs should co to market. People with bic fist*, says a doctor, also have iiii; hearts. Ima.gine a punch on the jaw being an indication of big-henrteriness. Lots of cood-natured people can laugh at their own expense—unf.il the first-of-fhe-month bills come in. "I HAVE TAKEN away your strength," the magician said, and the natives fled in terror. Robert-Houdin naturally didn't bother to explain the box contained a strong magnet, making it impossible to lift when he flipped on an electric current. "Phrenology was employed .by the Union forces in our own civil war," McManus continued. "Women spy candidates were tested to be sure they had what was called 'the bump of secretiveness.'" McManus said magic and magic apparatus is still a factor "in the operation of every group — from the couches of psychiatry to the ticker in a stockbroker's office.'' "But the trouble with magic today," ha concluded dolefully, "is there are too many hacks in it." Business managements might take a tip from him. however. What better way could be found to take the stockholders' minds off their own woes at the annual meeting than by sawing a vice president or two in half? "Even if they botched the trick," said McManus, "who would miss the vice president?" (Associated Press) George Dixon Washington Scene WASHINGTON — Senator Estes Kefauver, the crime-busting presidential aspirant, is still taking an irksome ribbing from members ol the entourage that accompanied him on his recent handshaking tour of New Hampshire. The tall Tcnnessean in the coonskln skimmer has a pleasant manner, but he does not possess the greatest sense of humor in the world. He irks easy. In consequence, he is fuming behind his placid facade over an untoward episode that befell him in Manchester, N. H. THE NEMESIS of the nation's gamblers shook all the hands he could find extended in Manchester, including those of a couple of traffic cops, and finally drifted over to the courthouse. He pumped his-way through the corridors, winding up in the courtroom where a trial was in progress. The jury was out, so the Democratic aspirant for Truman's job was able to continue his handshaking without offending the dignity of the court. He shook hands with spectators, bailiffs, tipstaffs and counsel. There were two men inside the railing and Senator Kefauver shook hands with them, too. "My name is Kefauver," he said, giving his regular homespun routine. "What's yours?" The men told him. He asked them if they lived in Manchester. They said they did. "That's fine!" he beamed. "There's a lot of work to be done here. I hope you'll get out and work for me." The men looked dubious about this. Just then there was a rap for order, the Jury filed in, and the two men being wooed by the crime- buster were ordered to stand up and receive the verdict. They were the defendants in the trial. The jury found them guilty — on gambling charges. SECRETARY of the Interior Osca.r Chapman and Secretary of Labor Maurice Tobin took joint pride recently in announcing "the first American Indian apprenticeship system in history." They announced an 588,000,000 program in which Navajo and Hopi Indians of the Window Rock. Ariz., area will be given opportunities to learn any one of 28 skilled trades. I wish it clearly understood that I have no personal opinion about this, possibly because I am neither Navajo, Hopi, nor skilled at any trade. But it would seem that the Chapman- Tobin project has not met with universal enthusiasm. A pilot will tell you that his parachute is hi? best friend even though it lets him down. I DO NOT KNOW how It gets concerned with Indian affairs, but the Aircraft Industries Association went to town acainst the project in an extremely sarcastic manner. In a memo to the aircraft industry, under the heading, "Heap Big Chief Plumber," it wrote: "For all of you who are Navajo or Hopi Indians, an opportunity awaits la receive apprenticeship training. "The Bureau of Indian Affairs and AFL have developed a program. Labor Secretary Tobin and Interior Secretary Chapman will pick up tiie check to the tune of 588.000,000 over a 10-year period. "Ugh! 'Twenty-eight trades wiil be covered. Featherbeddine was not, listed among the trades. "The training should be good. Ba.sed on the U. S. ratio of one apprentice to every 600 persons, we could count on 114 apprentices among the 68,700 population of the two tribes. "Cost per year per apprentice, $80,000. For four-year course. S320.000. After which he mush look for some plumbing to fix or soma PBX boards to install. "The annual cost to educate a West Point cadet is $5,800." iK;r,g Feature?. Ir^c.)

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