Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas on December 1, 1977 · Page 5
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Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas · Page 5

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Garden City, Kansas
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Thursday, December 1, 1977
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(burden Cily 'IVI.-fjrum Tliurn.liiv. December I, 1977 I'age 5 AAM Expectations Exceed Price Rise By DON KENDALL AP Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP) Prices of some important farm commodities have been edging up lately, but no one is expecting them to soar to the levels being demanded by a farm strike movement being organized by a Colorado- based group calling itself American Agriculture. A month ago, for example, the index of farm prices reported by the Agriculture Department rose 1 percent, the first increase in five months. > The department was scheduled to announce a new farm price report for the month which ended Nov. 15. According to American Agriculture leaders, farmers will strike Dec. 14 unless their demands for higher prices are met. They say that participating farmers "will not sell any farm products" after that dale, will not produce any more products and will not buy any farm machinery, other equipment or non- Soviets Buy More Grain WASHINGTON (AP) - Two weeks after its current round of U.S. grain purchases began, the Soviet Union is continuing to buy more corn and wheat to help make up for its reduced 1977 harvest. The Agriculture Department said late Tuesday that an additional 600,000 metric tons of corn and 200,000 tons of wheat have been sold to the Soviet Union by private exporters. Since the current buying began Sept. 14, the Soviets have bought about 3 million tons of grain for delivery in 1977-78, the second year of an agreement calling for them to buy at least 6 million tons annually. Counting earlier purchases, about 5.3 million tons have been sold for second-year delivery, including 3.5 million tons of corn and 1.8 million of wheat. A metric ton is 2,205 pounds and is equal to 36.7 bushels of wheat or 39.4 bushels of corn. The Soviet Union bought about the minimum of 6 million tons last year,but officials have given permission for Moscow to buy up to 15 million tons in 1977-78. They say the Soviets probably will buy the full amount, perhaps 10 million tons of corn and 5 million of wheat. Because U.S. stockpiles are so large, officials say much more than that could be sold to the Soviet Union without triggering higher food prices for American consumers. essential products. The strike organizers want 100 percent parity for all farm products. Parity is an indicator which has been used many years. Theoretically, the prices of commodities at full parity would give farmers the same purchasing power their forebears had in 1910-14, a period of relative stable balance between farm prices and costs. Parity prices, since they are based in part on costs of farm production, are variable and are published by the department each month for a list of specific commodities. A month ago, for example, the full parity price of wheat was $5.02 a bushel. But the actual farm price was only $2.26 or 45 percent of parity. The corn parity as of Oct. 15 was $3.47 a bushel but the farm price was $1.61 or 47 percent of parity. Over-all, the composite prices of all commodities last month averaged 64 percent of parity, a level which is the lowest for the indicator since it was 55 percent in March 1933, the depths of the nation's worst economic depression. Strike leaders say that their movement "is not an appeal for price supports, the creation of a false economy for agriculture or for government subsidies," and that 100 percent of parity should be received through the marketplace. To gain this, American Agriculture wants farmers to have collective bargaining rights expanded so that they have the muscle to demand full parity from people who buy commodities. Material distributed by the strike movement's headquarters in Springfield, Colo., said the 100 percent parity prices also apply to grain and other commodities sold to foreign countries. "This proposal is being presented to all existing agricultural organizations in the United States," the group says. "If these organizations do not endorse and support this proposal, we will cancel all memberships and insurance held in these organizations by the American farmers and Stockmen." Learn With Elsie By ELSIE BRANDEN Finney County Extension 1 Home Economist LEARN WITH ELSIE Would you like to learn to make inexpensive Christmas decoration? This is your opportunity, in the 4-H building Friday, 1:30 p.m. Connie Brelz, Lane County Extension Home Economist will be demonstrating wreaths, card holders, and a multitude of other ideas of things you too can make. We invite you to come, bring a friend and enjoy the afternoon. Tighten your Belts, Watch Your Cash Flow How would you like to make your own Christmas gifts? It can be simple if only you had an idea. If you have people on your list ihal travel, make travel cases — jewelry, shoe bags, and other kits. If you enjoy cooking homemade jellies are always a hit. A mouth watering treat is some type of yeast bread product, loaves, tea rings, bubble loaf quick breads, rolls or many other ideas. Make ahead and freeze for the holidays. Maybe your thing is working with cord. Plant hangers are popular done in macrame or you may wish to make a purse. Lei your imagination and your talent be your guide in the kinds of gifts that you select to make. 4-H Notes 4-H Room to Grow by CHARYL LARSON EXTENSION 4-H AGENT Leaders and junior leaders in one of the most popular Kansas 4-H projects, dogs, will have their annual conference Saturday and Sunday at Rock Springs Ranch State 4-H Center. The program, arranged by Eldon Clawson, Shawnee county extension 4-H agent and chairman of the conference program, includes ' discussions by authorities on a ' Variety "o : f ;dog fiitfe^and training topics. Steven Fisher and Dr. Charles Lang, extension 4-H and youth specialists, Kansas State University, coordinate dog project material and activities in cooperation with a state 4-H dog project development committee. The program begins 1:30 i p.nv Saturday with a review of Ihe Kansas 4-H dog Want Ads Get Results program by Fisher. Each leader and junior leader may choose three of these five sessions to attend during the afternoon — fitting your dog to show, advanced obedience, field dog Iraining, showmanship, and nutrition. Evening program features will be a dog project meeting and a dog obedience judging contest. Sunday's program offers six ' session's with leaders choosing three'lo attend. The topics are a report by the 1976 state award winner in the 4-H dog project, other "doggie things" lo do besides show, how to improve our communications, artificial breeding, improving the stale fair 4-H dog show, and a session for new leaders only. Area meelings and a slate 4- H dog bowl conlest conclude the conference. The dog bowl contest is patlerned afler Ihe horse bowl conlesl. Teams of 4-H'ers from a counly answer queslions in a contest much like the College Bowl TV program of past years. Each counly may have one or Iwo teams. Barbecue Tickets Ready A "Cattleman's Barbeque" will begin at 6:30 p.m. Tuesday at the Finney County 4-H building. Sponsored by the Finney Cjounty Extension Office, i he barbeque will feature talks by area livestock specialist Gene Francis, on the outlook and management of cow-calf- stocker and background- ing, and Kansas State University's Dr. Larry Corah, on Livestock research in nutrition, additives, hormones, protein sources and roughage supplements. Tickets are available from ag advisory members Tim Stone, Lowell McGraw, Curtis Bon trager, Ed Boots, Dean Reimer, May Oyler, Arnold Schweer, Dru Riahards and Harold Mai or from the extension office. By T. Roy Bogle and Larry N. Langemeier KSU Extension Economists With the current low wheat prices, producers need to take a hard look at what it costs to produce a bushel of wheat. Knowing your production costs gives you the management information needed to make sound decisions about future production. For the stale, average production costs were about $3 pier bushel for Ihe 1977 wheat crop. This • verage cosl was calculated fi n data oblained from "pure" \vheal farms in the Kansas Farm Management Associalions. Depending on yields and whether wheat was summer fallow or continuous cropped, actual cosls ranged from $2.02 to $3.95 per bushel. Average produclion cosls were derived for summer fallow wheat produced in southwest and northwest Kansas, and for continuous wheat produced in southeast and south central Kansas. Labor costs, ranging from $3.75 to $7.50 per acre, were based on labor standards published in a 1975 Agricultural Kansas Experiment Station publication. The cost differences between summer fallow and continuous cropped wheat are apparent in seed and insurance costs, which ranged from $1.92 to $6.59 per Agriculture — Today By Otis Griggs Finney County Extension Agricultural Agent Bids Opened On K.U. Project TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) — Bids were opened Tuesday for conslruclion of additions to the Robinson Health and Physicial Educalion Building al Ihe Universily of Kansas which will more lhan double the size of Ihe building. The wildlife bundles are now available al the Finney County Extension Office. The price is $15 for each bundle. There are three essentials for quail or pheasanl habilal — grass, woody plants and grain. Your wildlife bundle is designed to provide woody plants for a variety of wildlife. You can build a wildlife "home base: by planling Ihe woody plants near grain or in areas where grainfields are close lo grasslands. The wildlife bundle conlains — 25 fragranl sumac (low shrub) for winler food, 25 chickasawdow shrub) for summer food, 25 autumn olive (large shrub) for winter food, 25 nacking cherry (medium shrub) for summer food and 25 scotch pine for winter proteclion. These should be planted in a field corner or odd area near milo or feed grain. Leave a few rows of grain unharvested. Design Ihe planling lo fil Ihe sile. The enlire plol should cover a minimum of Vfe acre. The shrubs are Ihe core. Plant Ihem Ihree lo six feel apart in several rows. Space Ihe rows five lo eighl feel apart. Mix the shrub species at random lo creale a "nalural" plant community and planl the larger trees in a clump. These would be protected from grazing and fire. Cultivale Ihe shrubs for Ihree years. By Ihen Ihey should be well enough established lo withstand competition from annual weeds. acre, and in crop fertilizer and lime cosls, which had a spread of $2.18 lo $11.31 per acre. Herbicide and inseclicide expendilures varied widely, loo, from a low of $.73 per acre lo $2.35. Obviously, it's important Ihal each producer examine his operating cosls. Your fixed cosls — land, depreciation, and management charges — must be covered in the long-run. But, if your debt servicing requirements for land and machinery are small, you can continue lo operate even if those fixed expenses are not met in the shorl-run. If you can cover your operaling cosls (which are approximalely $1.34-$1.65 per bushel on Ihe average), it is worthwhile lo grow Ihe wheal crop. If, however, you can't sell your wheal for more lhan your operating costs, you should consider alternative crops, if possible. Even if the wheal selling price exceeds your operating costs per bushel, the tolal return above operaling costs will not provide you with enough income a I currenl prices to cover family living, income laxes, and pj.jp.cjpal payments on ' land, and machinery. Undoubtedly, you will be faced with cash flow problems and a worsening of your financial condition. Producers with large debt- servicing requirements on land and machinery will need to consider loan refinancing, if possible. No substantial increase in wheat prices is likely next year. It would require a massive drouth in some wheat producing region and-or an increase in world demand to improve prices. Meanwhile, growers musl lighlen their bells and watch their cash flow position until wheat prices rise to the point where tolal cosls are covered. Insects vs. Insects — No More DDT? LAWRENCE - It's a summer day in a Colorado mountain meadow. A picture- wing fly prepares to lay its eggs on a sunflower head. Suddenly, a patrol of ants advance on the fly, which flees without depositing its eggs. The ants, in a scene repeated countless times, are protecting the sunflower from insect intruders whose larva would eat the plant's seeds. The ants are protective of the sunflower because of a rich substance, secreted at the base of the flower head, which contains carbohydrates and at least 21 amino acids, the building blocks of protein. The presence of the ants guarding their nutritious food source is thought to reduce insect damage to sunflower, seeds by as much as 60 per cent, according to Orley R. Taylor Jr., associate professor of entomology at The University of Kansas, who is investigating the ant-plant relationship. Taylor and David W. Inouye, a University of Maryland zoologist, have received a National Science Foundation grant to study the sunflower (Helianthella quinquenervis) and its ant patrol — research that could lead agricultural scientists to methods of protecting crops with beneficial insects. About 20,000 acres of annual sunflowers are grown commercially' in Kansas each year. . • . • The alpine sunflower, though not an economically valuable plant, is providing clues to ant-plant interactions in the temperate climate zone, where relatively little research has been conducted on ant guards. Most of the work has been done in the tropics where the relationships are more obvious. The tropical bull horn acacia tree, for example, provides nectar, a protein food and home sites for ants, which chase off or kill insect intruders and clear competing vegetation from around the tree. It is thought that neither the trees nor the species of ant could survive without the other. Agricultural civilizations long ago recognized the value of ant sentries in their crops. The Chinese built bamboo networks among their citrus trees to make it convenient for arboreal ants to protect their citrus crops. Indians in the Americas placed aggressive ants in fields at the time they planted cotton. The ants fed at the cotton plant nectaries and in return patrolled the cotton to proect against insect predators. New, commercial strains of cotton no longer have nectaries to attract ants so pests must be controlled artificially. Modern-day farmers also use insects as biological pest controls. Currently, work is being done in Canada and Germany using ants to protect pine plantations. In western orchards, ladybugs are released to prey on aphids and scale insects. "It's not altogether farfetched that in the future some technology could be developed thai would allow us to plant beneficial insects at Ihe same lime as crops," Taylor said. The key to ant-plant relationships seems to be an exchange of goods and services. The plants provide some sort of nourishment, usually in Ihe form of an ex- Ira-floral nectar, and in return the anls provide protection. "There doesn't seem to be any other explanation for Ihis nectar in the sunflower," Taylor said. It is secreted outside of the flower parls so it isn't luring insects lo zones where pollination could lake place, he said. Taylor said all sunflowers seemed to have a potential for this interaclion wilh ants. All are visited by ants, but some varieties attract fewer insects than others. Extra-floral nectaries are not unusual in plants, Taylor said, and could have evolved as a way to attract insect guards, just as floral nectar evolved to attract pollinators. The ant patrol may be the sunflower's only protection against seed predators and could be crucial to its survival, he said. Unlike many plants, the alpine sunflower doesn't produce any secondary plant producl chemicals lo discourage feeding by in- secls or olher predalors. Biologists have theorized Ihese chemicals evolved lo discourage animals and insects from eating plants, which become poisonous or taste bad. Milkweed is a good example of a plant insects avoid. Many milkweed species contain cardiac-glycolysides, substances loxic lo verlebrales and many insects. Only a few insects can eat loxic milkweeds withoul harm. One, Ihe monarch butterfly, actually incorporates the toxin and becomes poisonous itself. After eating a poisonous monarch, birds become sick and thereafter don't eat monarchs. Certain other nontoxic butterflies have evolved to "mimic" monarchs so that predators avoid them, too. As an insect ecologist, Taylor also is interested in other environmental in- teraclion on Ihe meadow where Ihe sunflowers grow. Because plant and animal communities are complex syslems, the subtlelies of inleraclions oflen are difficull lo discern. "We don'l know how dramalic Ihe effect would be if one element of the ecosystem were removed," he said. If the anls were adversely affecled by pollution and disappeared, for example, Ihe sunflower mighl nol be able lo replace itself in Ihe com- munily. "If we don'l know aboul Ihis inleraction, we wouldn't have any idea why Ihe sunflower disappeared," Taylor said. Taylor's sludy, though not aimed specifically al finding ways lo use ants as biological pest controls, has elicited response among agriculturalists who hope lo fosler anl relationships wilh Iheir crops as a resull of Ihe research. PAWNEE INDIANS Turkey and pumpkin pie was Ihe answer given mosl often by members of Ihe Pawnee Indians 4-H Club answering role call — a Thanksgiving facl — al their November meeting. A committee appointed by President Rhonda Oyler, made plans and appointed parents to fill the program for the upcoming December meeling, which will be conducted by parenls. The highlight of Ihe program was a demon- st ration by Brian Oyler on winterizing a vehicle for safely, comfort and most important of all, lifesaving, in case a car gets stalled or snowbound. The lube game was played for recrealion. Refreshmenls were served by the Raymond Oyler and Eddie Boots families. — Yolanda Hale, reporter FRIENDLY FRIENDS The Nov. 22 meeting of Ihe Friendly Friends 4-H Club was parenls nighl. Mr. Grealhouse presided al Ihe meeting. He opened it by leading the 4- H'ers in Ihe flag salute. There were 12 members, 10 parenls • • and "eight • leaders present. It was voted that 'Ihe boys would be on the December radio programs and Ihal Ihe girls would be on the TV program. Names were drawn for the Christmas party to be held during our next meeting. Dec. 13. Mr. Larry Billings gave a project talk on breeding gills and Mrs. Evelyn Bells gave a demonstration on filling out project books. Mrs. May Mary Ann Robison had music appreciation on "Elvis". Leon Bells led us in recreation. The meeting was adjourned by saying the 4-H pledge. — Sherri Bells, reporter CHARLESTON ASTRONAUTS Drawing names for Ihe Chrislmas party was on the agenda for the Nov. 14, 1977 meeting of the Charleston Astronauls. Our Presidenl, John Rowan called Ihe We are a Professional Company looking for a Professional Person lo offer an excellent Insurance sales and service career opportunity. FOT IIHH6 ImiHIMUOII |MM8 cal 31&m7328. Garden City Office. — AVAILABLE NOW! — 1977 National Finals Rodeo Commemorative buckle and belt! Buckle $5.00 These handsome, brass-plated all metal Kodco buckles will become real collector's items Mulching antiqued top-grain cowhide hells an 1 .specially liandcrafted hy Tony Lama. Kealiire deep embossed floral design, liar- ni'ss stitching and tapori'd end. 1H77 National .mil hamiimi!> Finals embossiii)! matches buckle. Great Christmas gifts! Hurry in today. Offer expires February 1. HITS or when supplies are exhausted. First with a better way GARDEN CITY FARM EQUIPMENT WEST HIGHWAY SO GARDEN CITY. KS. HESSFONl FARM EQUIPMENT • meeting to order. Thirty-five members answered roll call lo "the lime I gel up." Kevin Redger and Suzie Bleumer were the song leaders. This month's program had Belly Habiger showing us how lo make rice crispies plates, which we got to eat for refreshments. April Larson did a demonstration o,n making a covered wagon out of egg cartons. Bert and Curl Ernest did a very interesting health talk on removing food caught in your Ihroat. John Rowan did a Health talk on your eye, one of our five senses. Cindy Millershaski gave a project talk on crochet and showed an afghan she made. Kevin Redger told us how to make a model for his project lalk. Recrealion was led by Ralph Millershaski and Brian Beavers. The Millershaski's and Habigers' provided the refreshment. — Reporter, Cindy Millershaski Aussies Refuse Viet Demand CANBERRA, Auslralia (AP) — The Australian government rejecled Vietnam's demand for the return of all Vietnamese aboard a hijacked coastal freighter that arrived in Darwin and said it had not decided whether it would return the 120-foot ship. Western Cattle Co., Inc. We specialize in order buying of all classes of stocker 'and feeder cattle. Will sell fat cattle on commission. PETEHl'TCHINS Phone TK 2-3518-Scott City JIM JASPER Phone 397 2353-Dighton DENNISSCHROEDER Phone 397-2448- Dighton JACK DALY Phone 276 71%-Garden City HAROLD WOODS Phone 397 -5556- Dighton MAIN OFFICE PHONE DiRhton-397-2424 THRIF Economical Steel Buildings for Rural And Urban Use No matter what your agricultural or storage needs, there's a Thrif-stor building that's right- for your needs. Equipment storage. Livestock building. Grain storage. Workshop or Garage. Thrif-stor's strong steel construction is available in four basic building types, in widths ranging from 20-60 feet and heights from 8-16 feet. Choose from galvanized or nine beautiful color finishes too. Manufactured by Mesco, one of the nation's leading producers of pre-engineered steel building systems, Thrif-stor buildings are professionally designed to provide solid strength at maximum savings. So, wherever you need a low cost, low maintenance, light duty building, let Thrif-stor provide the practical, attractive solution. Give us a call. A\ AUTHORIZED BUILDER CONSTRUCTION -CO.-

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