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Page 4 Garden City Telegram Thursday, December 1,1977 Editorial Let's Wind It Up This community, in good times and bad, has always come through for the United Way campaign. It has been tougher this year because of depressed farm prices and the effect on the local economy, but the goal is in sight. Just a little boost and the campaign will go over the top. Drive Chairman Van Smith has some special events planned to raise the final $6,000. A one-night residential drive and possibly a radiothon are being discussed. We need to get behind this final phase of the campaign so that none of the worthwhile United Way agencies that serve our community will be short-changed. It's never happened before. That's a record we want to keep intact. Leaving the Bright Lights A relative just back from New York reports that he was afraid to walk a block from his hotel to an eating place. He had reason to be. Muggings and murders are commonplace in New York. There aren't enough police and very few citizens will act to prevent crime when they see it. Recently, a 22-year-old man was stabbed to death in Times Square while a group of citizens watched. None stepped forward to help. These kinds of stories are becoming routine in the big cities where life is cheap and a night on the town is a risk. It isn't any wonder why more and more people are fleeing the bright lights for the less spectacular but safer life in rural America. SOME NOTES scratched on envelopes, cribbed in our head, and etched .in our memory while attending a marathon of meetings, speeches, workshops, mini- clinics, and panel discussions. . . • ". . . the way I started out was I took my first step, stumbled, and said my first word. . . " • SIGN AT a construction site: "If you think that OSHA is a small town in Oklahoma, you're in trouble." • "IF YOU don't toot your horn, you get hit in traffic." • WHAT SCARES some people about flying is going to the airport and reading the sign that says, "TERMINAL." • "YOU CANNOT motivate anyone; you can only set a climate for motivation by being an example of someone who is motivated." • ". . . there he stood. . . a tower of Jello." 0 "MY MOTHER used to tell me, 'Act your age not your color .'" • IN A SCHOOL the teachers' lounge might also be called the "recovery room." • FIRST GRADE teacher whose car was scraped in a parking lot: "Look, look. See, see. Damn, Damn." • "DISCIPLINE IS not slamming the door off the wall. . . it's communicating." • HAVE YOU heard the one about the football coach whose fans gave him a gold football at the end of a winning season? He took it out and had it bronzed. • OR ABOUT the mother who told friends that her son was going to be an astronaut. . . he was back home taking up space. Where to Write Sen. James B. Pearson 5313 Senate Office Building Washington. D.C. 20510 * * Sen. Robert Dole 4213 Senate Office Building Washington. D.C. 20510 * * Rep. Keith G. Sebelius 1211 Long worth, House Office Building Washington. D.C. 20515 Conservative View Religion in the Classroom By JAMES J. KILPATRICK In a provocative essay just published by the Institute foi Humane Studies, a leading constitutional lawyer has raised a fine constitutional question: What is an "establishment of religion"? Are some of our public school classrooms trespassing on the First Amendment? The lawyer is William B. Ball. Twenty-odd years ago he was a professor of constitutional law at Villanova; for the past 17 years he has been practicing in Harrisburg, Pa., and if that seems an odd place to find a great constitutional scholar, so be it. At 61, Ball ranks at the very top of the list of lawyers who specialize in areas of religious freedom. He has fought for the rights of Amish, Mennonites and Dunkards, among others, and his name is engraved on such landmark cases in recent years as Wisconsin v. Yoder and Ohio v. Whisner. Ball's essay deals with four constitutional aspects of education in America today. He is concerned with compulsory attendance laws, with slate control of private schools, with certain applications of tax funds, and with rights of conscience in public education. In this last area, he turns around on a novel proposition. To paraphrase: He wonders if the educational establishment — that mystic amalgam of educationists, school administrators, federal bureaucrats and textbook publishers — has imposed upon the classrooms a body of thought that is constitutionally indistinguishable from an "establishment of religion.," It is an intricate argument, but it is worth your tune to follow his thinking. The First Amendment says that Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. That proscription, by judicial decree, long since has been extended to the slates. (All the states, in any event, have such a provision in their own constituions.) The custom has been to regard the phrase, "establishment of religion," solely in the Iraditional sense of ecclesiastical teaching. Thus, in the famous New York prayer case, it was held unconstitutional for public school pupils to recite a 22- word prayer composed by the state regents. Very well, says Ball. But why slop there? "I believe that il is possible," he writes, "not only theoretically, but practically, to offer proof of the establishment of secular humanism in given public schools, but I perceive the problem of rights of conscience in the public schools as being broader than the scope of secular humanism. There are man> practices in public schools thai are offensive, not because they are identifiable as part of a secular humanist program, but because they directly offend beliefs and attitudes of given children and parents." On this point, Ball recalls the flaming controversy a couple of years ago over a federally funded program of moral indoctrination known as "Man: A Course of Studies," or MACOS. The program sc outraged members of Congress that the National Science Foundation was compelled to back away from il. The forbidden prayer in New York, Ball notes, "was the merest expression of theislic sentiment, which, even if persisted in, was not going to radically alter any child's life. "That 22-word prayer is now unconstitutional. Compare that with such programs as MACOS or HEW's latest Job, "The New Model Me.' These latter programs go to the very vitals of a child's existence, probe into his family relationships, directly attack Christian values pertaining to many areas of morality, and are capable of severely disorienting a ^child psychologically." Ball cheerfully acknowledges that proving his thesis In court would present difficult problems, but he thinks the 'problems are not insurmountable. In his view, public disenchantment with the public schools is growing. "Ours is the most expensive schooling the world has ever know, and its incompetence is rapidly becoming worse." Many parent and taxpayers, he believes, "may feel that on purely secular grounds, they ought not be required to contribute to the support of bid education." Within the educational establishment, these are blasphemous assertions, but Ball has been badgering the panjandrums of public education for too many yews to hold them in awe. One of these days, he may yet gel them in court on the state's power, not to educate, but to indoctrinate instead. Jack Anderson Health Warning About Caffeine Is Coming WASHINGTON — There may be more grim news for coffee, tea and cola drinkers, who have already been warned thai saccharin may kill as il sweetens. Now a new, super-secret study is expected lo warn that ihe caffeine in the three beverages could affect the health of unborn babies. The federal government, slung by the controversy over its earlier attempts to ban saccharin, is treating the new findings cautiously. The authorities, nevertheless, are contemplating a strong warning against caffeine. There are an estimated 75 lo 100 milligrams of caffeine in a cup of coffee, 45 in a can of cola, 30 in a cup of tea, and 20 in a one-ounce chocolate bar. Only last September, a University of Illinois team found that too much caffeine could cause birth complications., Of 16 pregnant women who drank six lo eight cups of coffee per day, all but one had nasty consequences. Eight of the women spontaneously aborted; five babies were bom dead; two babies were premature but survived. This sampling was so small, however, that its danger signal was played down. But now another team of scientists, this one at the University of Washington, has come up with corroborative findings. This project, under Dr. Ann Sireissguth, began as a study of the effect of alcohol consumption upon pregnancies. For added enlightenment, Ihe scientists studied 105 excessive caffeine drinkers as well. Their babies were carefully examined within two days after birth. Dr. Sireissguth insisted her findings are "preliminary" and begged us not to print them. We believe pregnant women should be alerted at once, however, thai caffeine may affecl Ihe heallh of their unborn babies. We have learned that Dr. Streissguth has submiUed a frightening confidential abstract to the National Drug Abuse Conference, which will meet in Seattle next spring. Her researchers carefully balanced the caffeine drinkers against a "control group," thus isolating the effects of caffeine from other factors such as alcohol and medication. The data was computerized. Without question, ihe preliminary findings show that caffeine has 'bad" effects on some infanls. The sludy determined lhal 'higher levels" of reduced muscle tone and lowered aclivily occurred in babies of women drinking eighl or more cups of coffee daily. No birth defects from caffeine were aclually authenticated. It will also lake additional research to determine whether excessive caffeine drinkers suffered more miscarriages and spontaneous abortions. In four years, the babies will be checked again to see whether the bad effects are permanent. Animal tesls have also revealed the caffeine dangers. The most dramalic is a Food and Drug Administration study, not yet released lo Ihe public, which will show marked "degeneration of testes" in rats exposed lo high levels of caffeine. Some rats lost sperm production and suffered atrophy of the reproductive organs after Ihe human equivalent of 50 cups of coffee a day. The Center for Science in the Public Interest, meanwhile, is prodding both Ihe Food and Drug Administration and the Heallh, Educalion and Welfare Department lo acl. An estimated Iwo million women in Ihe pregnancy ages drink al leasl six cups of coffee a day. MISSING FILES: The Defense Department unaccountably has destroyed files on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Yet al the same time, it has carefully safeguarded insignificant files on thousands of GIs and civilians. The destruction occurred despite a warning from ihe Justice Department to all government agencies lo preserve their assassination files. We have been unable to locale anyone in the Pentagon who knows what the files contained. Officials speculate that the material may have come from ihe FBI and, subsequently, may have been deleted for some reason by Ihe FBI. But Ihere is no way lo assess their importance. We have uncovered only veiled reference lo the missing files. In an obscure Pentagon microfilm drawer, for example, there are notations lhat files once existed which exist no longer. One mysterious undated entry tells of a file labeled "Assassanate (sic) President United States" and numbered 24C-015. It was sel up by Ihe Air Force's Office of Special Investigations. The Army once had two files on the case, both listed under "Assassination Presidenl John F. Kennedy." One was numbered ZA 013685, Ihe other ZB 500928. The indefatigable assassinations expert Harold Weisberg believes Ihe missing files may have included a report by an Army intelligence agenl, named James Powell, who was near the assassinalion scene when Kennedy was killed. Anolher possibility: they may deal with a proposal, never carried out, lo close the border with Mexico. Or, of course, the losl files may be totally inconsequenlial. The Defense Department is frankly befuddled both as lo what the files contained and why they were destroyed. Footnote: Other Pentagon files on the assassination, such as the military data on presumed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald's Marine career, were preserved. Art Budiwald Writes: Neiman-Marcus WASHINGTON — Neiman- Marcus, the Texas-based department store which has a reputation of catering to oil and cattle millionaires, has just opened in Washington, D.C. This is no accident according to Feinbaum, a friend of many years. "Mr. Neiman and Mr. Marcus know where the money is these days." "But the people who work for the government in Washington just don't appear to be the types that Neiman- Marcus would cater to." "Neiman and Marcus weren't thinking about government employees when they decided to open here. They were thinking about all the people who work around the government. Washington dispenses $450 billion a year. There are a lot of guys in this town who work for a piece of that pie." "Such as?" "Lawyers, for one. There are enough lawyers in Washington to support 10 Neiman-Marcuses-or I should say lawyers' wives. "Then there are lobbyists. They're always looking for something different to buy a friend in the House or the Senate. I read somewhere that Neiman and Marcus are pushing a jogging suit lined with ermine for 10 grand. You give somebody an ermine jogging suit and he'll never forget you." "I'd love one for myself," I admitted. "Then you have ail the foreign embassies in this town. I hear South Korea opened up 100 charge accounts before the store was built. 'And don't forget the wives of doctors. They'll go to Neiman-Marcus at the drop of a fur hat." "I forgot the doctors' wives," I said. "This town is also loaded with real-estate moguls who construct the buildings the - GAtBEN CITY TELEGRAM Published daily except Sundays and New Year's day. Memorial day. Independence day. Thanksgiving day Labor day and Christmas. Yearly by The Telegram Publishing Company 375-7106 310 North 7th Street Garden City. Kansas S7S46 Second class postage has been paid in Garden City. Kan. Publication Identification Number 113600 FredBrMks John Frailer LeRoyAUiBU government keeps ordering to house all the new departments that keep cropping up. "These real-estate moguls work long hours and their wives get very unhappy sitting around doing nothing. Some of them are mad at their 'husbands for spending so much time away from home. But now the wives can get even by going to Neiman- Marcus and buying out the place." "Only Neiman and Marcus would have thought of the wives of real-estate moguls," I said. "And let's not forget the girlfriends in this town. As you know political power is one of the greatest aphrodisiacs. But no one can live by sex alone. A nice piece of jewelry can really keep a Washington romance from going stale." "Neiman-Marcus should use that in their ads." "And finally, you have to remember that every head of slate eventually comes to Washington. They can't go back to their countries empty handed. One visit to the Washington Neiman-Marcus by the King of Saudi Arabia is equal to an entire Christmas season in Dallas." "You forgot the wives of the military-industrial complex," I said. "Now you're talking about mega-bucks," Feinbaum said. "They make Texas oil money look like rotten potatoes " "Well, I guess Nejman^and Marcus knew what they were doing when they opened a branch in the nation's capital." "You can bet your sweet life on that. When you have a city responsible for $450 billion, some of it has to rub off on the lingerie department of a fancy specialty store." 7:00 P.M. - NIC CHIPS — "Highway Robbery." During a freeway lie-up Alice, a circus elephant, breaks loose from her van and Ponch and Jon more than have their hands lull. 7:00 P.M. — AN SANTA ClAUS IS COMING TO TOWN — An animated musical tale that delves into the mysteries and myths ol Kris Kringle. alias Santa Claus. 1:00 P.M. — CIS ALL-STAR TRIBUTE TO ELIZABETH TAYLOR — A gala celebrity party honoring one ol Hollywood's greatest leading ladies, twice an Oscar-winner. Many of Miss Taylor s good Iriends and fellow actors from over the years will perform lor her in a lighlhearted and affection- ale cast-party atmosphere. 8:00 P.M. -NBC HALLMARK HALL OF FAME — "The Court Martial ol George Armstrong Custer." Brian Keith. Ken Howard, Blythe Oanner and James Olson star in John Gay's TV adaptation of the best-selling novel by Douglas C. Jones which combines fact and fiction lo tell what might have happened if the controversial General Custer had survived Ihe massacre al Little Big Horn. 9,00 P.M. - CIS BARNABY JONES - A 12-year-old girl's accurate forecasts of two deaths and a disappearance leads Bamaby lo believe he may be dealing with ihe occult in a small country town. 10:30 P.M. — CIS CBS LATE MOVIE — "The Firechasers." 10:30 P.M. — AN POLICE STORY - "The Ripper," Two officers from Robbery-Homicide attempt loJrack down a killer ol ..tonwsexuals who mutilates the bodies ol his victims. 11:30 P.M. — AN THURSDAY NIGHT SPECIAL - "David Hartman Gamblers: Winners S.Losers." David Hartman goes io the gambling capital of the U.S., Las Vegas, for in-depth interviews with operators of casinos, bookies, dealers and their clients, and members ol Gamblers Anonym- 1 :•: WieJV «»»Ulir»« m MM**. Editor Muuffau Editor AdaadtataeuMcr. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION By carrier a month in Garden City C.67 phis applicable sales tax. Payable to the carrier in advance. By carrier in other cities where service » available S2.ll a month pha applicahfe «i»« tax. By mail tZ741 a year postage and applicable sale* lax. Local and area-college students |U.«. including postace and applicable sales lax for 8-month school year. By motor car delivery per month tLM iiwimiim applicable "*** tax. Member of the Associated Preas The Associated Preas is entitled exclusively to the use (or reproduction of all local news printed in Ibis newspaper as well as all AP news and -HtpHTtm All rights of publication of special ifepatches are also reserved. Mtottc TV *^ CAble TV Channel 7 9 p.m. ONCE UPON A CLASSIC "Robin Hood" King Richard is taken prisoner, and Robin intercepts a letter from Prince John. 10 p.m. THE' BEST OF FAMILIES S* o"^ I™"* BatUe " «•!*«« «<» John Patrick Rafferty take opposite sides in this dramatization of a violent traolley strike of 1885. 12 a.m . THE DICK CAVETT SHOW Actress Estelle Parsons is the guest 12:35 a.m. LAUREL AND HARDY Tonight's FESTIVAL T7 special includes excerpts from early "Laurel and Hardy" films "Big Business," "You're Dam TooUn" and "Battle of the Century."