Vol. 63 No. 132 OTTAWA, KANSAS, TUESDAY, MAY 12,1959 A Talked-About Problem Young Delinquents Exploited Editor* Note — Juvenile delinquency is perhaps the most talked about, but least understood social problem in the United States-today. Six experts from six different fields have just spent nine months sorting through fact and fantasy to get at the heart of the matter. By G. K. HODfiNFI^LD AP Education Writer WASHINGTON (AP) _ American adults are exploiting the juvenile delinquent. Some are cashing in financially on youth's natural rebellion, all the while bemoaning its behavior. They are giving the adolescent new standards of toughness, then crying, "I told you so," when he tries to live up to them. They are neither ready, willing nor able to understand the prob- len; many of their complaints reflect more adult irritability than juvenile delinquency. These are the considered opinions of six experts who spent nine months seeking the hard kernel of truth in the mountains of chaff that have been written about America's teen-agers. Their re> port, "Delinquent Behavior: Culture and the Individual,"* was published today by the National Education Assn. The experts don't say—as did the late Father Flanagan of Boys Town — that "there is no such thing as a bad boy." But they do contend that today's youth is largely a product of his environment, and must be judged according to the culture of which he is a part. The 'authors of the report, and their special fields, are: William C. Kvaraceus (director of the project), psychology; Milton L. Bar ron, sociology; Edward M. Daniels, psychiatry; Preston A. Me- lendon, pediatrics; Walter B. Miler, cultural anthropology, and Benjamin Thompson, criminology. The picture of juvenile delin quency in this country is complicated, they say, by the pressures of modern life. The public needs a scapegoat, and has found one in "the irritating adolescent and the annoying delinquent." Rioting Convicts Free Guards After Long Seige Side Swipes Officers of the Ottawa Ministerial Association were elected last night for the coming year. Chosen as president was Rev. Gerald Mease, who succeeds Rev. Charles Gross. Along with the policy of the association, Mr. Mease will be baccalaureate speaker for Ottawa High School this year. Last year, Mr. Gross spoke. Rev. Wayne Caldwell becomes vice president, succeeding Mr. Mease. Rev. Thomas Ingle was elected secretary - treasurer, succeeding Mr. Caldwell. They will take office Spet. 1. Wellsville Grows Wellsville has more homes this year, but less population, according to the records recently compiled by City Assessor Mrs. Dollie Hill. She found six new homes were built during the tax year and four other homes completed this year. The total population this year is 1,008, compared to last year's total of 1,031, according to M r s. Hill. The decrease is accounted for by construction work going on in the area. A number of trailers were parked at Wellsville when the 1958 count was taken. Sorry, Son FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) —Bobby Lee Jasper of Russell Springs sent his penciled plea right to the top—but it didn't work. The youngster asked Gov. A. B. Chandler to reduce school terms to three months a year. "If you think this could be done," he said, "write me a letter." Chandler replied that when he was Bobby's age he "had the same idea," but later realized "the more education I could get, the better off I would be." FORT PILLOW, Term. (AP) — Barricaded convicts surrendered to officers today after a 14-hour siege releasing unharmed two captive guards who had been threatened with death. Nine of the some 130 men in the dormitory were marched out by highway patrolmen. They were described! as the leaders of the revolt, which flared at lights- out Monday night. Keith Hampton, state commissioner of institutions, said, the men would be transferred immediately to the maximum security prison at Nashville but that there would be no other punishment. The two hostages—J. S. Voss, 49, and Hubert Neyman, 57— came out drawn but smiling. The break that released them came suddenly, after the patrol had been ordered to "sweat out" the situation. Wichita Man Held By Castro Forces WICHITA (AP) — Sen. Andrew F. Schoeppel (R-Kas) forwarded word that Loran Hall is being held by the Castro government in Cuba for investigation only. Hall is the 29-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Jack F. Hall of Wichita. He was arrested two weeks ago in a roundup of revolutionaries who were training in Cuba for an Invasion of Nicaragua. Sen. Schoeppel said he got his information on Hall's state from the State Department, which reported no formal charges have been placed against the Wichita man. Teen-Age Dance, Blue Moon, Wed. 7:30 to 10:30—The "Fallouts" Adv. The Weather COUNTY FORECAST —A few showers and thunderstorms late this afternoon and evening over the north portion, otherwise partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight; a little cooler extreme north this afternoon and over the area tonight. High temperature yesterday—SO; low today—53; high year ago today—So; low- year ngo today—42; record high this date 91 In 1956; record low this date— 37 In 190;i: hourly temperatures, 31 hours ending 8 a. m. today: 9 a. m 62 10 a. m 65 11 a. m 70 Noon 7.' 1 p. m 78 •2 p. m 78 9 p. m 66 10 p. m 03 11 p. m 60 .Midnight 5: 3 p. m SO 4 p. m 70 5 p. m 77 (• p. m 75 7 p. m 72 E p. m 68 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 ,1. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. S a. m. .57 . . . 5;-, .. 54 S..S1 . . .54 . . . 50 . . ..53 Hampton said the convicts surrendered because many among them became "afraid something was going to happen." Rioting prisoners threatened to kill the guards if officers rushed the building. They demanded and got a conference with state officials on 'prison farm conditions. The complaints included one that prisoners had to work long hours in the fields. "We're not running a country club here," replied Hampton. Hampton was ordered to the scene by Gov. Buford Ellington a few hours after the prisoners- some of them armed with knives —seized the dormitory. Guards J. S. Voss, 49, and Hubert Neyman, 57, were inside when the uprising flared. The spokesman for the convicts, Leonard Thompson, 26, of Minneapolis, Minn., presented the list of complaints, which ranged from bad food to alleged brutality. Thompson, serving time for burglary, said the revolt was not a sudden decision. "We tried letters of protest to Hampton but he never got them," he said. "We talked about it for a long time. This thing goes back two or three months." The Highway Patrol ordered about 80 men to the scene. Hampton reversed a prison order that reporters and photographers stand clear of the scene. He let four men into the dormitory to talk to the convicts. "Let them work off some steam," he said. "All they want is a little attention, a little publicity. All they want is to get their names in the paper. 1 ' Cheerful Despite Cave Experience BELVAUX SUR LESSE, Belgium (AP)—A 22-year-old Belgian woman was rescued by her fiance today from a cave where she had been trapped since Sunday, 156 feet below ground. She was smiling and uninjured. Jacqueline Desmons, a cave explorer, was alone when she squeezed into a gallery little more than a foot wide. She was on her way back out of the gallery when a storm broke. Underground streams rose swiftly and she was cut off by mud. Her fiance, Jacques Noel of Paris, an expert mountain climber and cave explorer, reached Jacqueline this morning. Pumps were installed to clear the gallery of mud. Vitamin pills and coffee were passed in to her. Said Jacqueline when it was all over: "This won't stop me exploring more caves." Lost: Bol's glasses, in last 30 days. Reward. Call Douglas Bros. Adv. Geneva Roadblocks It will come as no surprise, but the Geneva conference of foriegn ministers is in another scrap. This time over satellite countries on. . . naturally. . . a Soviet proposal. A complete story is on Page 8. With it is a picture of t h e odd table being used. The table and seating arrangement provoked the first squabble. 7 Ausf ronauts Get Look At Space Capsule ST. LOUIS, Mo. (AP)—The seven American volunteers for outer space life got their first look today at a model of the capsule one of them may climb into some day in 1961 for a lonely whirl around the earth. The austronauts are spending two days at McDonnell Aircraft Corp., builders of the capsule. They were familizaring themselves with the one-seat vehicle. The seven—military jet pilots picked from more than 100 candidates for the nation's first space assignment — laughed and joked during a special briefing arranged by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The men are Navy Lt. Malcolm Carpenter, 33, Garden Grove, Calif.; Air Force Capt. Leroy Cooper Jr., 32, Carbondale, Colo.; Marine Lt. Col. John Glenn Jr., 37, New Concord, Ohio; Air Force Capt. Virgil Grissom, 33, Mitchell, Ind.; Navy Lt. Cmdr. Walter Schirra Jr., 36, Hackensack, N.J.; Navy Lt. Cmdr. Alan Shepard Jr., 35, East Derry, N.H.; and Air Force Capt. Donald Slayton, 35, Sparta, Wis. "I'm afraid of height," one wisecracked as he climbed up on the base of the capsule model, three feet from the ground. Development of the space capsule for Project Mercury will cost more than 15 million dollars. "the public, suddenly awakened to its second place in the race to the moon, has pounced on the school and the adolescent learner as the arch villains responsible for its plight. "The popular writers of stage, screen, radio television and press have been quick to exploit this situation." In the popular image: "The delinquent is black jacketed and long haired. He runs around on a bright and noisy motorcycle or in a souped-up hot rod. He is brutal. He is cruel. He is restless. He is dangerously free and uninhibited sexually. He is aggressive. He travels with the pack. He is heartless.... "Movie producers, publishers, authors and comic-book artists are hardly insensitive to the great sales value of such an image on the consumer market. Therefore titles and cover illustrations are lurid and titillating, and the image of the juvenile delinquent as the epitome of evil is being sold for all it is worth.' The popular image is inaccurate and exaggerated, says the report. But it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy because the youngsters begin to act out what they have seen. And when this happens, many people say, "ah! see, we told you so! The author has written a real-life story!" It's an ancient complaint, say the experts, that the younger generation is flighty, irresponsible, and rebellious. Today, however, conflict between youth and adults is sharper and much more in evidence. In the past there may have been more tolerance for the sowing of wild oats, but today the machines and methods of rebellion are increasingly dangerous. The problem is serious, says the report, and calls for much more research than ever has been done. It also calls for adults to detach themselves emotionally from the problem, and consider adolescents' as participating members of a highly volatile society. . .....-• ; ,* It adds this word of hope: "Before teachers and parents despair altogether of the future of these youngsters, they should remember that the 'flaming youth' and the 'Lost Generation 1 of the 1920s turned out to be good, substantial citizens who, in turn, became incensed at their own youngsters as they danced to the 'wild Benny Goodman swing music' of the 30s. "Just so will (many of the) youngsters now addicted to rock n' roll become substantial, although complaining, parents of the next generation." (Next: What makes the delinquent?) Creation Of Park Approved By KIDC TOPEKA (AP) — A proposal to establish a 34,000 acre Grasslands National Park near Manhattan has been endorsed by the Kansas Industrial Development Commission. Creation of the park has been recommended by the National Parks Advisory Board and ap proved by Secretary of Interior Seaton. It is now up to Congress. Order Guard To Strike Area RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) _ Gov. Luther Hodges today ordered National Guard units into Henderson to maintain order at the strike- torn Harriet - Henderson Cotton Mills. The order came after an emergency meeting with state law enforcement officers and Henderson officials about fresh outbreaks of violence at the mills' two plants. Workers ran into a fusillade of rifle shots and a barrage of rocks as they left the plants Monday night. A dynamite blast ripped open an unoccupied nursery building at the North Henderson plant early this morning. No injuries were reported but the incidents prompted Henderson authorities to request National Guardsmen. The blast at the North Henderson plant was described by police as the worst in the strike, called last November by the Textile Workers Union of America. One side of the building was torn off and the foundation destroyed. The building was used to house preschool - age children while their parents worked at the plant. Butter-Nut or Folger's Coffee, 2-Ib. can $1.39 (with Monday's ad) -Hmit 1) at both Cheney Mkts. Adv. DOROTHY GLANVILLE ANNA CHANNON MARY ALICE FERGUSON MRS. RUTH MITCHEL Whether it's cooking, making ice cream or getting awards, these girls know what they are doing. The three girls, shown with their teacher, Mrs. Ruth Mitchel, were presented FHA v awards Monday. Today, they are making Ice cream for the organization's ice cream supper at the school tonight. (Photo by Lloyd Ballhagen) Says Free World Looks To U. S. For Leadership WASHINGTON (AP)-King Baudouin of Belgium told Congress today the free world looks to the United States for leadership in averting war. "Where better can the free peoples of the free world look for the averting of war and death, than to your nation, so vibrant with the love of life?" he asked. "It is unthinkable that those who spend so much to save life would ever think to destroy it!" In an 800-word address to a joint session of the Senate and House, he said he had come to this country "to register the solidarity" between the people of Belgium and the United States. Without mentioning communism by name, Baudouin in his prepared address warned against this new kind of imperialism. "The older imperialism sought the conquest of lands; the new seeks the mastery of intellects," he said. The King said his country is determined to permit the people of the Congo, Belgium's rich African colony, to choose their future destiny. "As soon as they mature, as soon as they have received the loving care in education that we can give them, we shall launch them forth on their own enterprise and independent existence," Baudouin declared. Delay Action On Douglas Dillon WASHINGTON (AP)-The Senate Foreign Relations Committee today put off until next Tuesday action on the nominations of C. Douglas Dillon to be No. 2 man at the State Department, and Ogden Reid to be ambassador to Israel. The action came after unexpected opposition developed to the nomination of Dillon to be undersecretary of state succeeding Christian A. Herter who became secretary following the illness of John Foster Dulles. Opposition to Reid had been expected, but the assault on Dillon by Democratic members of the committee came as a surprise. Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La) said he could not support Dillon's promotion because of what Long called the "foolhardy" administration of the foreign aid program in which "thieves, racketeers and grafters" benefit abroad. Present Awards At Ottawa High A storm of awards hit Ottawa High School Monday. Sixty - two students marched to the auditorium stage to receive a symbol of their year's work. The highest scholastic award went to Lauren Ward, who received the certificate of merit from the National Merit Scholarship. It was the result of his high score on the national test he took last spring. Another high - ranking award went to RalphKJage, who was presented the honorary science award. Sandra Howard received the D.A.R. Good Citizen certificate. The Danforth Foundation Award, based on leadership qualities, went to Cynthia Blakeman and Orral Staneart. In the organizational award department, honors were given to the cheerleaders, basketball team, journalism students, Thespian, FHA, FFA and GAA. Herb Harrah got the "best Thespian award" for being the outstanding member of the year. The Thespian group is a Senior High dram8$cs group. Othe^lmespian awards went to Cindy Kuntz, Janie Salmon, Karen Sloan and Dixie Wollam. Quill and Scroll pins and memberships for the national journalism society went to Wanda Robertson, Sue Charges Millions Spent To Provide Brass With Servants Two Boys Held In Church Fires HUTCHINSON (AP)-Two boys —one 11 years old, the other 14— have admitted they set set some 14 fires at the Central Evangelical United Brethren Church Sunday. The fires did minor damage. The boys also admitted they broke into two other Hutchinson churches in the last two weeks, said Mel Bond, city fire inspector. He did not identify the youngsters. The break-ins were done as a lark, Bond said. Nothing of great value was taken but there was considerable malicious damage, he said. The boys were looking around the basement store room of the Evangelical church with a candle and started the first fire accidentally. They then decided to set (he other fires. Their cases will be heard in probate court. Gov. Docking Hands Bouquet To Firemen WICHITA (AP) — Gov. George Docking congratulated Kansas fire fighters yesterday for the 2 Vz- million dollar decrease in fire losses in the state in 1958. Docking spoke at the annual Governor's Fire Prevention Conference. Chief Fred Dimond of the Hutchinson Fire Department and Chief Elmer Fields of the Pittsburg Fire Department, led panel discussions on fire fighting and prevention problems. Eye Ottawa As Site For Atomic Power Plant Ottawa, along with other communities over the nation, may be the location for an experimental nuclear power plant. The Herald announced this last week, and there is confirmation of the information in a story released today by the Kansas City Star. The program is in its initial stage, the Atomic Energy Commission having asked Congress to appropriate 30 million dollars for construction of the first plant as a prototype. The city officials of Ottawa have received a questionnaire from the Atomic Energy Commission and have instructed Don Hamilton, superintendent of the water and light department to fill out the questionnaire, send it back and assure the AEC that Ottawa is interested. No congressional action has been taken as yet on the request of the AEC for funds to build the first plant. The AEC proposes to build small reactors of 5,000 to 40,000 kilowatt capacity that could be used in present plant facilities or as additions to steam plants. In Missouri and Kansas, 22 cities or plants have been asked if they are interested in the experimental nuclear power program. Ottawa is one of these cities. Thirteen are in Missouri and nine in Kansas. No announcement has been made as to the location chosen for the first of the plants, if Congress approves the plan and appropriates funds for construction. The points chosen in Kansas are Kansas City, Ottawa, Herington, lola, McPherson, Caney Valley Electric Cooperative; Central Kansas Electric Cooperative; Wheatland Electric Cooperative; and Pioneer Cooperative Association, Inc. WASHINGTON (AP)—A colone turned congressman said today the taxpayers are being charged 30 to 40 million dollars a year to provide servants in uniform for high-ranking officers. Rep. Frank Kowalski (D-Conn), retired colonel,' made the estimate. His statement was pre pared for the opening of hearings on use of manpower by the armed services. "Practically every general and admiral who occupies public quarters on a post or base has two three, four and sometimes five enlisted men working as full-time servants, available not only to cut Lhe grass, trim the shrubbery, polish the floors, wash the windows and serve canapes," Kowalski said, "but employed also to cook and serve the family meals, wash and polish the officer's private automobile, do general house cleaning, including laundry, and take care of the dog." Kowalski offered to show "within a few minutes' automobile ride of where we sit," officers' messes "where one can buy a hamburger which will be either cooked by a sergeant or served by a sergeant or both." "Why should the Army draft or enlist 50 soldiers to serve as chauffeurs in motor pool?" the White House Kowalski asked. Russia To Slow Rocket Output MOSCOW (AP)—Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev says "maybe before long" the Soviet Union will reduce its production of rockets. "We have good rockets and in the necessary quantity," he said in a speech Monday to agricultural workers in Kiev, in the Ukraine. The Western powers, he said, were particularly afraid of the "surging growth" of the Soviet economy "yet they are incapable of arresting our forward movement." "This is what we say to lovers of military adventure," he added. "Do not touch us and we shall never touch you." The Soviet leader predicted that a summit meeting would be held even if the foreign ministers conference in Geneva fails to yield "great positive results." Lamb Insured Payment Plan, adv Thompson, Ross Martin, P at t 1 Lister, Merle Bland, Winston Johnson, Eula May Cartmill and Barbara Dahlstrom. Future Homemakers of America second year chapter award went to Mary Alice Ferguson, and first year awards to Dorothy Glanville and Anna Channon. Future Farmers of America awards went to Ralph Ferguson, dairy farming; Robert Schneider, farm mechanics; Carl Stone,- ; 8oifc£su^iwater management; and Ferguson, star chapter farmer. Stone, senior of the year, received a medal and certificate, and was recognized for receiving the state farmer degree in FFA and winning first in East Central Kansas soil and water conservation. Girls Athletic Association first year awards went to Joyce Baldwin, Judy Lister, Shirley Small and Dee Anne Spigle. Third year awards were given to Carolyn Atchison, Sandra Bundy, Donna Roehl and Charlotte Smiley. Letter O's were presented to Carol Bruce, Evelyn Towney and Joyce Thornberg. Fourth year awards were given to Pat Burns t Patricia Lister and Lilly Pratt. Officers are Deanna Brinkman, Sandra Howard, Carri Lee and Fran Jameson. Basketball lettermen, given their symbols, were Roger Sch- m a n k e, Bruce Bundy, Dennis Smith, Gene Shofner, Bill Cater, Bob Lewis, and provisional letters, Fred Collier, and Jack Smith. Managers Rod Lenaard and Sherman Spears also received letters. Cheerleader presented to awards Sandra Janie Salmon, Linda were Howard, Machin, Dixie Wollam, Wanda Robertson and Jill Brown. House Of Dior To Invade Russia PARIS (AP)-The House of Dior, pace-setter in women's fashions for the Western world, is going to invade Moscow next month. "There's a lot that can be done for Moscow's woman in the street," said Jacques Rouet Dior, director general of the fashion house who recently returned from a week in the Soviet Union. "Their style shows different taste. But there is a sack style influence." The Soviet Chamber of Commerce invited Dior to present its spring and summer collection in Moscow June 12-16. Yves Saint Laurent, the young designer who took over after Christian Dior's death, will stay at home to work on the fall and winter collection. Predicts Teamsters Will Boot Hoffa MIAMI, Fla. (AP) — Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell predicts Teamsters Union members hemselves ultimately will get rid of Teamsters President James R. Hoffa. "If new laws are passed to force disclosure of union finances," Mitchell told the Dade County American Red Cross chapter Monday night, "the Teamsters themselves with help from the AFL- 310 will succeed in getting rid of Hoffa and his immediate obnoxious associates."
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