Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas MONDAY April 8,1985 114th year — No. 98 — 24 Pages Gorbachev halts missile deployments MOSCOW (AP) - Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said Sunday that he has accepted President Reagan's invitation to a superpower summit and has ordered missile deployments in Europe frozen until November. The White House said that the Soviet offer of a moratorium on medium-range rockets was "not enough," and that plans to install 572 U.S. nuclear missiles in five NATO countries in Europe would not be derailed. Reagan had no comment. White House spokesman Larry Speakes, also in California, said: "If they want a freeze, fine. It's not enough." Speakes said a moratorium would preserve a 10-1 Soviet advantage in medium-range rockets in Europe. About if Gorbachev's statements indicated a superpower summit was any closer, Speakes said, "No, I don't think there's anything that moves it any further than it was." Gorbachev, named Communist Party general secretary March 11 after the death of Konstantin Chernenko, said he was optimistic U.S.- Soviet relations can improve, but he said the Soviet Union expects "reciprocity." Gorbachev specifically called for a U.S. moratorium on missile deployment in Western Europe and research on space-based anti-missile defenses, programs that the Reagan administration has said it is not willing to suspend without reaching an agreement on arms control. Gorbachev did not tie the Soviet moratorium to a suspension of NATO deployments. Gorbachev did not mention a possible date or place for a summit, but his announcement that the Soviet missile moratorium would be in effect until November and comments about a summit seemed to indicate he leaned toward meeting Reagan before then. Some observers have speculated that the leaders of the two superpowers could meet in New York in September at the opening of the U.N. General Assembly. Gorbachev said "intensive mutual efforts" were needed to improve relations, which he said remain tense despite "very small shifts" in some areas. He called for a mutual freeze on deployment of strategic nuclear weapons and research and testing of "space arms." Soviets hope to split U.S., European allies WASHINGTON (AP) - The Soviet decision to halt temporarily deployment of intermediate-range missiles in Europe appears to be part of a new peace offensive by Moscow aimed at influencing West European public opinion and, ultimately, the arms control talks in Geneva. Administration officials have expected for some time that the Soviets, in their bid to persuade President Reagan to back down from his Analysis space-based missile defense system, would try to create a split between Washington and its European allies. According to this rationale, the Soviets would show flexibility on the issue that is at the center of allied concerns: the intermediate-range nuclear weapons that Moscow has been targeting at Western Europe. A generous Soviet offer on these SS-20 missiles would have great appeal in Europe, and the Reagan administration would come under heavy allied pressure to cut a deal with Moscow. As administration officials see it, however, the Soviets' price for flexibility on the SS-20 issue would be U.S. abandonment of its "Star Wars" research program, which Moscow has derided as an attempt by Washington to "militarize space" and to accelerate the arms race. The administration has said that the research program is not negotiable. To U.S. officials, the decision of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to order a halt in missile deployments until November did not come as a surprise. The Soviets are reported to have disclosed the plan privately to U.S. negotiators several weeks ago shortly after the arms talks resumed in Geneva. Gorbachev said the Soviet decision on whether to resume the deployments after November would depend on whether the United States ordered a freeze of its own on installing cruise and Pershing II missiles in Western Europe. He is hoping that European pressure will leave the administrtation no choice but to opt for a freeze. Hours after Gorbachev's interview with Pravda was made public, presidential spokesman Larry Speakes said the administration has no intention of altering its deployment schedule, claiming that the (See Soviets, Page 7) Craig Chandler Kristin Lange, Salina, carries a cross to lead a procession of worshippers from Christ Cathedral Episcopal Church. Americans march to celebrate Easter From Staff and Wire Reports Americans marked Easter Sunday by promenading down New York's Fifth Avenue in their Easter bonnets, protesting nuclear weapons at an Air Force Base in South Dakota and attending sunrise services across the nation. In Salina, a group of worshippers marched from the Christ Cathedral Episcopal Church to the Sacred Heart Cathedral during a ceremony Sunday morning. > The marchers included about 25 church members, along with Bishop John Ashby and the church choir. At Sacred Heart, Ashby and Monsignor George Weber exchanged greetings and prayers. It marked the fourth year such a parade has been conducted and the first since 1983. Elsewhere, about 13,000 people attended an Easter service at the Hollywood Bowl in California that featured the release of 200 pigeons. At least 1,500 people attended a service at Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota. About 8,000 children hunted for 60,000 Easter eggs at Stone Mountain Park near Atlanta. Washington began its week-long Cherry Blossom Festival with the traditional lighting of a Japanese stone lantern at the Tidal Basin. Miami rocked Sunday night to a concert by Prince, who said it would be his last for an indefinite time. In Piscataway, N.J., three Salvadoran refugee children living in church sanctuary enjoyed their first Easter egg hunt. Tens of thousands of New Yorkers, some wrapped in furs against a brisk wind, turned out for the ritual promenade down Fifth Avenue, which dates back to the latter half of the 19th century. Hats abounded, but Mayor Edward Koch took the stroll with head bare. Noel MacFetrich's bonnet consisted of a stuffed chicken roosting atop a top hat. Beneath he wore a tuxedo with a chicken-wire bow tie and cumberbund. "It's Easter," he said when asked about his unusual topper. "It could have been a rabbit, I suppose." In Boston's sixth annual Charity Spring Promenade, about 30 children in their Sunday best pranced down Commonwealth Avenue. A sunrise service was conducted on the U.S.S. Constitution in the Navy Yard, a tradition more than six decades old. At Ellsworth Air Force Base near Rapid City, S.D., security police detained four people who tried to put Easter lilies on a runway, Air Force Capt. David Turner said. He said the four would be turned over to U.S. marshals for arrest for trespassing on a military installation. City to vote to become refugee sanctuary CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (AP) — The Cambridge City Council will vote today on a proposal to declare this city a sanctuary for illegal immigrants from Guatemala, El Salvador and Haiti. About 5,000 Latin. Americans already have been been quietly welcomed into this university city, so the city council's vote will merely make the routine practice a matter of public policy. Alice Wolf, a city councilor who sponsored the sanctuary resolution, said the city has an "obligation to shelter people who are being persecuted in other countries." The proposed resolution states that agencies and employees of the city of Cambridge, "to the extent legally possible," will not assist in federal investigations involving alleged violations of immigration law. It also says the city will not use the lack of U.S. citizenship as grounds for withholding any services from Cambridge residents. Wolf said she feared that refugees were not seeking medical treatment or sending their children to school out of fear of being deported. In the past few years, about 200 churches arid synagogues nation^ wide, including the Manna House oj Prayer in Concordia, have declai themselves sanctuaries and ope their doors to Central American ,r ugees. Those involved in the sanctuary movement contend the Reagan administration is violating the Refugee Act of 1980 by deporting illegal aliens from Haiti and Central America, and that those who are deported face further persecution, torture and death. The federal act extends legal asylum to those fleeing political persecution or "well-founded fear of persecution." The Reagan administration has refused to provide special status to the Central American refugees. Last month, the government's chief immigration official said the administration had been unable to confirm any widespread persecution of refugees who had been sent back to their native lands. In December, the Immigration and Naturalization Service opened a detention center in Boston's North End. Anne Shumway, a member of Refugee Alert, an organization that raises bail for refugees, said the action represented a stepping up of the government's campaign to root out aliens. "We know that there is a real drive around the country to deport these people whose only crime is that they are trying to save their own lives," she said. In Cambridge, a city of 98,000 that is home to Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an estimated 3,000 Central Americans and at least 2,000 Haitians are living in fear of deportation, said Jeb Brugmann, director of the Cambridge Commission on Nuclear Disarmament and Peace Education. Today Today is Monday, April 8, the 98th day of 1985. On this date: In 1513, explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain. Inside Classified 12-14 Entertainment 16 Fun 15 Living Today 6 Local/Kansas 3 Nation/World 5 On the Record 7 Opinion 4 Sports 9,10 Weather 7 Weather KANSAS - Mostly sunny today, with highs mostly in low to mid-50s. Mostly clear tonight, with lows in the 30s. Mostly sunny Tuesday, with highs in the mid- to upper 60s west to near 60 east. Whether you're ready or not, ifs time for tornadoes LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) - To many residents of the nation's heartland — from Kansas to Indiana, from Arkansas to Minnesota — spring is the time of tornadoes. Other parts of the country, and the world, have their own natural phenomena — earthquakes, hurricanes or typhoons, soaking monsoons followed by parching dry spells. But nowhere else in the world do all the natural ingredients so often combine to form tornadoes that, with their winds of up to 250 or 300 miles an hour, are among nature's most violent phenomena. "There are four or five different characteristics that come together much more often here than in other parts of the world," said meteorologist Newton Skiles, a lead forecaster with the National Weather Service at North Little Rock. "In these other parts of the world there's almost always at least one of these ingredients lacking, usually more than one." Skiles listed the, ingredients as a jet stream bearing dry, cold air; a range of high mountains; a broad expanse of plains adjoining the mountains at a significantly lower altitude; a nearby, large source of moisture; and a circulation pattern that regularly brings that moisture northward in masses of warm air. . The interaction of those ingredients produces tornadoes, said Skiles, an 11-year veteran of the weather service who worked five years in its severe-weather preparedness section. The jet stream brings in the cold, dry air from Canada and more northerly regions, he said, and pushes it across the Rocky Mountains. As that air drops down the eastern side of the Rockies, it undergoes compression and heating, he said. The sun-warmed land mass east of the mountains provides further heat, Skiles said. But the warming, pressurized air, by itself, isn't enough. Tornadoes are spawned when even warmer air, heavily loaded with moisture from the Gulf of Mex- Tornado Mixing Bowl Atmospheric conditions combined to create tornados, JetStream ico, rises up across the continent to collide with the drier, cooler system, he said. Europe is occasionally battered by massive storms coming off the North Atlantic. But there's little opportunity, he said, for those relatively cool systems to be warmed much by any huge mass of solar- heated land, and the Mediterranean Sea is not big enough to generate any large moisture-laden systems. Similarly, eastern Europe and central Asia are too far from any great source of moisture. The warm systems that produce the Indian subcontinent's monsoons lose their moisture over that land mass or as they climb the Himalayas to the north. Australia lacks the massive mountains that might produce compression warming, Skiles said, as does the southern part of the African continent. The largest parts of both Africa and South America, as well as much of southern Asia, are in torrid equatorial regions. The southern parts of South America are so narrow they are dominated by ocean influences, Skiles said. The weather service considers March, April and May of each year to be the main tornado season, Skiles said, with April usually the worst month. A secondary season occurs in late October, November and early December. Nationwide, the weather service has counted 57 tornadoes in the first three months of 1985, about a third as many as in the same period in 1984. A total of 908 tornadoes were logged in 1984, said Fred Ostby, director of the National Severe Storms Forecast Center in Kansas City, Mo. The storms claimed 122 lives. Summertime usually warms even the far North, reducing the likelihood of very cold air from that region. In the winter, the air circulating from the Gulf of Mexico may have lots of moisture, but isn't likely to be as warm as during the rest of the year. The quick warmup of the land mass to the east of the Rockies during the spring is what makes that time of year worst for tornadoes, Skiles said. "We have approximately two- thirds of the severe weather during March, April and May," he said. "A lot of it depends on the patterns of the jet streams," he said, referring to the broad, high-altitude winds that carry the frontal systems down from the northwest.
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