Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on November 22, 1967 · Page 7
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 7

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Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 22, 1967
Page:
Page 7
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Blames Stalin, but Not Communist Parly or Soviet System— Years of Fantastic Horror Described in Book by Russian Victim By WILLIAM L. RYAN I (AP Special Correspondent) Enemies, said her interrogator, "are not people—we're allowed to do what we like with them." And so, for one Soviet woman, began what she called a symphony of madness," not only for herself but for hundreds of thousands of her compatriots —years of fantastic horror, cruel suffering, inhuman torture, presided over by Stalin's secret police, the NKVD. But there is another kind of horror in this stark account of the great Soviet purge. It is that so many of Stalin's victims, even in the depths of their torment and degradation, still idolized Stalin, still refused to blame him for the ocean of insanity which engulfed a vast nation. The author of "Journey into the Whirlwind," published by Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., Eugenia Semyonovna Ginzburg, herself blamed Stalin. But unlike Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alleluyeva, Mrs. Ginzburg would not place blame on the Communist party or the Soviet system for the terrible hell she describes through the eyes of one who suffered through 18 years of it. Mr*. Alleluyeva, as a defector from communism, noted in a New York television interview in October that "not much has changed in the last 50 years" in Russia. Mrs. Ginzburg, released from a living death in 1955, two years after Stalin died, concluded that "great Leninist truths have come into their own in our country and party; today people can be told of things that have been and shall be no more." She was wrong. People outside the Soviet Union could be Times Herald, Caroll, la. Wednesday, Nov. 22, 1967 told of her suffering. Her book, a nakedly simple diary of the grotesque cruelty of'the Soviet system under Stalin, was published in Italy, and today is published in the'United States. It was not published in the Soviet Union, and probably never will see the light of day in her own country. Mrs. Ginzburg's story is one vastly more gripping than even the one told by Mrs. Alleluyeva, and in many respects probably far more important as a historical document. It is the story of what one woman saw, what one woman suffered, against the background of a whole nation in torment. Mrs. Ginzburg was a teacher and an editor of the newspaper Red Tartary in Kaan, capital of the Tartar Republic. A member of the Communist party herself, she was the wife of a high-ranking Communist official, and at the time her descent into hell began, the 30-year-old mother of two children. Her story really began with the assassination in Leningrad, on Dec. 1, 1934, of Sergei M. Kirov, a party secretary and righthand man of Stalin. There is still a widespread belief today that Stalin himself engineered that murder as a pretext for the purge that would consolidate his autocratic power. Widespread arrests began shortly thereafter. But 1937 —"that accursed year," the author calls it — was the beginning of th« worst. That was the year of the purge trials, the arrest, execution or imprisonment in exile of tens of thousands of Years See Page 9 I enneuf VA/AVfi CIDQT DMAIITV W ALWAYS FIRST QUALITY DAYS! Traditionally/ the Friday and Saturday after Thanksgiving at Penney's kicks off our Christmas season! Our store is sparkling with holiday trims, loaded with gifty merchandise. Even more important, we start things off with some very unusual special values which we use as an inducement for you to shop early! Let Penney's be your Santa! Penney's Decorator Sets Are Sure To Please! Gift-boxed terry towels, pencale pillow cases, place mat .sets. All with the decorator touch. Darling holiday dress ups from our own Carol Evans® collection $4 $5 Neat knits from our exclusive Carol Evans® Designer Collection! 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