Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on March 17, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

Corsicana, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, March 17, 1939
Page 1
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Vitttor The Semi-Weekly Morning Light carries local, itata and world newt Into thousands of rural homes In Navarro and surrounding counties twice each week. Every worth* while Item of news from every point U thoroughly covered. U Homeof the Daily Sun andSeml-Wetkly Morning Ughtu FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE Fifty Yean of Service) The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has been an outstanding progressive newspaper, working (or the advancement ot the rural communities ot Navarro and adjacent counties for more than fifty years. Its success U ooucd up with the growth of Rural Ufa. ' VOL. LH. CORSICANA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 1939. —TWELVE PAGES NO. 142. HITLER ISSUES NEW DECRE ® 8 8 8 8 ® 8 HOUSE KILLS INCOME TAX PROPOSAL AN ASTONISHING , REVERSAL STAGED BY LEGISLATORS WEDNESDAY ACTION NULLI- ' FIED BY VOTE 90 TO 52 AGAINST PLAN Girl Hunted AUSTIN, Mar. 16.—W— The house of representatives staged an astonishing (-reversal today by voting, V.-90 to 52, against a state income tax. Yesterday it approved an income levy by a three- V vote majiirity. The reversal had been predicted by many, but not by such a wide margin. The Income tax which would have ranged from 1 to 4 per cent on net incomes, was proposed as a substitute for the 21-2 per cent general sales tax advocated by the house constitutional amendments committee. Today's action restored the sales tax to the proposed constitutional amendment. Whether the house would reach a vote this week on the constitutional amendment still was not known. Rep. Lelghton Cornell of Clarks- vllle, closing the argument for the Income tax, stated that Governor W. Lee O'Danlel "still Is bitterly opposed to the sales tax." "I talked to him yesterday," Cornett said, "and the main thing he wants Is enough money to meet old age pension needs. It does not make a great deal of difference to him where that money comes from." f -Road Bond Bill Advanced. ,j,\tiXi r .[N, , Mprcl; 18.--,"! 3 ;-Tb- county judges' "road bond assumption bill weathered Its first test in the House of Representatives today when that body voted, 82 to 5B, against sending It back to ,* committee. Action came after hot debate spiced with personal references The proposal provides state assumption of all county and district road bonds issued prior to January 1 of this year. Such assumption would be financed with the one cent of the gasoline tax which has been going to retirement of bonds used for construc- See LEGISLATURE, Page 9. What— Congress Is Doing By The Associated I'ress. r TODAY Senate. Begins debate on government reorganization bill. Secretary Wallace testifies on extending powers. President's monetary A California-wide search was started for Bebe Blake (above), IS, daughter of Superior Judge Samuel R. Blake of Los Angeles, following her disappearance after leaving home for school. Police began a check of court cases handled by the jurist that might have led to i. grievance. Electlon contests In, Indiana and Tennessee before senate committee. Monopoly committee questions distillery executives. House. Continues debate on $166,000,000 Interior department appropriation bill. Ap cms committee studies President's $160,000,000 relief request. Judiciary committee debates disposition of Secretary Perkins' impeachment resolution, Waya and Means committee hears proponents of social secui- TWENTIETH BIRTHDAY OF JIMERICAN WON WAS OBSJRVED HERE PAUL J. SCHWAB, TRINITY UNIVERSITY DEAN, IS PRINCIPAL SPEAKER Participating In the nation-wide celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the American Legion, the Johnson-Wiggins Post In Cor- slcana mot Wednesday night to hear Paul J. Schwab, dean of Trinity University, speak on "The History of the Legion." The meeting was the first to be held in the new headquarters on Twelfth street. In allegory, Mr. Schwab compared the birth and growth of the American Legion to a tree, which through the years had developed from a seedling to its present maturity. Legion . hls"tor- lans and officials relate that the germ of the idea of a- veteran's organization for World War soldiers was present during the battle campaigns that preceeded the Armistice of 1918, Mr. Schwab said. Theo. Roosevelt, Jr. ActlTe. Mr. Schwab stated that Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., was most active In , early plans for the organization of tho Legion. While Roosevelt was convalescent from wounds at a base" hospital in Paris In mid-summer of 1918, he expressed his hopes of establish- RECOMMENDED OIL PRODUCTION REMAIN AT FORMER LEVELS IPA OFFICIAL SUBMITS REPORT; URGES REDUCTION GASOLINE, CRUDE STOCKS AUSTIN, Mar. 16.—W— Increase of five and one- half per cent in demand for crude oil and better conditions generally in the oil industry during 1939 were predicted by Alfred G. White of Washington, chief of the petroleum economics division of the Federal Bureau of Mines, nt a meeting of the Interstate Oil Compact Commission here today. "Improved business conditions and favorable weather Increased domestic consumption of gasoline eight per cent during January whereas our estimate Had placed the increase at three per cent," White said. "This was a sharp upward turn. "Our figures have shown this increase sufficient to permit the prediction of a five and' one-halt per cent Increase in domestic demand for crude oil this year." Previously the commission received a recommendation from the Independent Petroleum Association of America that crude production for the area east of California in the second quarter of 1939 be maintained at the same average as in the first two months. Contained In Brown Report. The recommendation was contained In a report by Russell Brown of Washington, counsel tor the association, on an investigation of condltionS'ln the -oil'in- dustry made by a committee of the association. Reduction of gasoline and crude stocks also was held to be vital to petroleum prosperity. "Although there 'has been a slowing down of general business activity in the early part of this year," Brown told the commission, holding Its regular quarterly meeting, "prospects for the near future are somewhat encourag- GERMANY, BIGGER AND BIGGER This map shows the boundaries of Germany today, with Moravia and Bohemia the last to be swallowed as the Reich grows and grows. The two areas, once part of Czechoslovakia, will be no more than German provinces. TWO STATES LEFT OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA FADE OUTWEDNESDAY GERMANY TOOK OVER SLOVAKIA AND HUNGARY ANNEXED UKRAINE ity changes. Agriculture committee hears i ' ^*o* ***w.«.v»* a LuiiiiMibiao uvula y proponents of new farm legislation. Merchant Marine committee hears proponents of Nlcaraguan canal. Ing veterans organization. Roosevelt Interested twenty other members of tho A. E. F. to deal with the Idea In a concrete manner and they met in Paris in February, 1919. These men took the message of the organization back to the United States and See LEGION, Page 8. ». }„ """"• See LEGION, Page A^BILL CLOSING ALL TEXAS BAYS TO COMMERCIAL SEINING LIES BURIED WITH SUB-COMMITTEE AUSTIN, March ' 16.—W)—Burled in a sub-committee today was a bill that would close all Texas bays to commercial seining, sent there last night after a hearing before the house game and fisheries committee. The bill, authorized by Reps. C, E. Nicholson of Port Heches, had DeWitt Kinard of Port Arthur, had Us supporters in spokesmen who contended continued seining would "fish the fish out of existence." Dr. W. L. Rhodes of Corpus Chrlstl said he had petitions from 6,000 South Texas fishermen seek- pac.litre of the bill. He said a million pounds of fish had died In Laguna Mad re near Corpus Ohrlstl due to briny waters, He read affidavits to support contentions pole and line commercial fishermen found It hard to eke out a living. .' "Fish In that area are going Just A Ing ' * half .like the Buffalo, the prairie chlck- jen and the carrier pigeon," he said. R. E. Rawalt, a Corpus Christ! polo and line fisherman, said It was difficult to make a decent living now, and Jack Kimberlln, also of Corpus Ohrlstl, who Identified himself as knowing as much about speckled trout from the Sablne Pass to the, Rio Grande as any other llv- ing man, said one is any < of the greatest causes for the decrease In fish was seining and net fishing. When the fish are running, I've seen the market so flooded thousands of pounds were thrown away. Figures now show there were 47,000 less sportsmen in Texas in '38 than n 1936. We've lost millions of dollars by the decrease In fish." Joe Caldwell of Rockport, spokesman for opponents of the bill, said "all this talk about fish being gone Is just a little far-fetched. You know, as well as I do, that a fisherman doesn't know Just when a fish Is going to bite." He said fishermen knew from experience that closing of bi wouldn't guarantee an Increase ... fish and said fish had died periodically in Laguna Madre for years—and not through the fault of .commercial fishing. "Some of the leading scientific authorities believe restoration of drag seines would help increase the supply of fish. Commercial fishermen are not opposed to conservation If It Is predicted on scientific facts. But you committee members have been asked to close the bays by a small group because they believe It'is the panacea for all our Ills. This bill would put thousands of people out of work and deprive the people of Texas of some 25,000,000 pounds of fish annually," ays i in ing. "We believe in the second quarter, gasoline demand should show a reasonable increase over the sama period for 1938. "Gasoline stocks, however, should be materially reduced, and, to avoid waste, on June 30, 1939, should not exceed 70,000,000 barrels, which is approximately 10,000,000 less than at tho same time last year when they were excessive. Urge* Smaller Stocks. "We strongly recommend that during the large consuming season there be a further reduction In clocks of crude petroleum." See OIL, Page 11. REFUGEE PROBLEM BADLY MUDDLED BY EUROPEAN EVENTS BELIEVED LA"RGE NUMBER OF JEWS IN OLD CZECH NATION BE REQUIRED DEPART WASHINGTON, March A new refugee problem, growing out of. dissolution of Czecho-Slo- vakla, was added today to tho struggle to care for German-Jewish refugees. As American officials closely followed central European developments determine how they would affect the United States it was estimated there are 376,000 Jews In Czecho-Slovakla. A large portion of Czech Jews, it Is believed here, will be required through German pressure to leave Bohemia and Slovakia. The Inter-governmental refugee committee set up In London on Initiative of President Roosevelt and Secretary Hull shortly will see what steps can be taken to aid the Czech Jews. If Germany absorbs Bohemia and Slovakia politically, the problem will be simplified, because the mandate of tho inter-governmental committee covers refugees either in Gorman territory or those who have been obliged to leave German territory. If Germany does not actually annex Bohemia and Slovakia, 8,000 or more Jews in former Czechoslovakia nevertheless will come under the mandate of the London committee because they were formerly In Germany and the Sude- tenland. The United States, however, can give little direct assistance. Contrary to what happened In the case of Germany, whose Immigration quota to this country was fille'd only partially, the Czecho-Slovakla quota Is 99 per cent filled. It totals only 2,874 a year. Officials here doubt whether much can be. done for the Czech Jews until- the Inter-governmental committee chooses a new homeland from among a number of suggested locations By The Associated Press. The two new states left from the wreckage of Czecho-Slovakia, Carpatho- •Ukvaine and Slovakia, faded today from Europe's map. Hungary annexed Car- patho-Ukraine and Germany took Slovakia under her protection as Relchsfuehrer Hitler laid down German law for Bohemia and Moravia and the rest of Europe wondered anxiously where next German expansion would be felt.' . Only ono man—Hitler—knew the answer. He was In Prague, awaiting a propitious moment to appear before 7,000,000 new Czech subjects over whom he had laid his protective hand. While Hungarian troops were reaching the Polish frontier, after marching across Carpatho-Uk- ralne, Hungarian Premier Count Paul Teleky proclaimed to the wildly cheering parliament in Budapest: "Carpatho-Ukralne becomes part of the Kingdom of Hungary." A bitter battle raged seven miles west of Chust, tho Carpatho- Ukralne capital, as Czech and Ukranlan forces made a determined stand against Hungarian troops In trenches and behind barbed wire entanglements. In London, British Prime Minister Chamberlain told the house of commons Britain was considering calling home Sir Nevll Henderson, ambassador to Berlin, to report on Germany's new advance eastward. This, then, was the fate of Czecho-Slovakla In the three days since German Intervention In Slovak agitation for independence: The federation of Czecho-Slo- vakla—Bohemia and Moravia Carpatho-Ukralne and Slovakia— was wiped from the map, Slovakia achieved Independence, as a vassal state of Germany, then was taken under German protection. Carpatho-Ukralne won . Inde- See INTERNATIONAL, Page U LADOR FEDERATION CHIEF GIVES HIS COUNCIL PROBLEM WASHINGTON, March 18.— President William Gr-een of the American Federation of labor left in the hands of his executive council today a problem vitally affect- peace negotiations with the , The council's 15 vice presidents, who expelled John L, Lewis and the AFL unions which helped him found the CIO three years ago, have been summoned to a special ADMINISTRATION IS NOT READY NULLIFY NEW DEALPROGRAM SOME REVISION OF BUSINESS TAXES APPEARS LIKELY, HOWEVER HUNGARY DECLARES CARPATHO-UKRAINE PARTOFKINGDOM ANNOUNCEMENT CAME AS FIERCE STREET FIGHTING REPORTED FROM CHUST Slick Businessman WASHINGTON, March 16.—(ff) -Although some revision of business taxes appears highly probable this spring, there were strong indications today the administration's drive 'to stimulate business activity would stop short of nullifying any pew deal fundamentals. This was the generally accepted Interpretation of the securities commission's rejection late yesterday of proposals by a stock exchange committee for drastic modification of federal securities regulations. SEC Chairman Douglas told reporters the proposals, in terms of business improvement, were "a phoney" and that to open the doors "so the boys up there can have another party isn't going to help at all." Secretary Morgenthau indicated today the administration's tax revision plan will not be made public until after the first week In April. The secretary said at a press conference he would have nothing to say about taxes until he testifies before the house ways and means committee, after a two weeks' vacation he will begin March 24. Government Co-Operatlon. Douglas' statement came In the midst of administration efforts to unify business taxes—without curtailing revenue—as a token of government cooperation with industry. The President himself has held out three assurances to business: 1. The new deal program is virtually completed and there will be no now major legislation. See CONGRESS, Page 9. CZECH MINISTER" REFUSES TURN OVER OFFICETQ REICH VLADIMIR S. HURBAN TELLS GERMANS WRITTEN ORDERS NECESSARY BUDAPEST, Mar. 16.— (IP) —Premier Count Paul Teleky told the wildly cheering Hungarian parliament today "Carpatho-Uk- raine becomes a part of the Kingdom of Hungary." The premier's announcement of annexation came as fierce street fighting was reported from Chust, capital of Cnrpa- tho-Ukralne, easternmost section of the smashed Szecho-Slovak republic, which Hungarian forces were slowly accupylng (Warsaw dispatches said Hungarian troops had reached the jorder between Poland a 1 Car- patho-Ukralne at two places.) At the same time the Hungarian parliament adopted new/ eglslation for sweeping control of Jews. Jews were barred from many occupations and Jewish partial' patlon In profeslsons and busl- less was limited to approximately six per cent of the total persons engaged In those fields. Count Toleky declared Carpa- tho-Ukralne was "set up as an autonomous region" within Hungary and would "enjoy sweeping rights of self-government." The premier asserted his government had been besieged by Ruthonla«,.~lCarpatho - Ukrainian) delegations pleading that tWe little land of mountains and forests bo taken over by Hungary. Declared Independence Tuesday The government of Carpatho- Ukraine, one of the three autonomous regimes of the shattered Czecho-Slovak federation, de —an aim ardently Hungarian leaders. Although Germany clared Its independence Tuesday when Czech-Slovakia ceased to be By annexation, Hungary achieved a common border with Poland desired by previously had frowned on such a purpose, there was every indication Hungary was moving now Into Car- patho-Ukralne with Berlin's approval. Occupation of Carpatho-Ukralne by Hungarian troops was difficult, Count Teleky said, because of weather conditions and occas lonal clashes with Ukranlan •siton" (Irregular) bands but was proceeding satisfactorily. The premier told parliament Hungary would repect the rights of other nations, particularly new See HUNGARY, Page 11. William J. Foster (above) of Denver, was sentenced to servo a year In prison for collecting $5 a day for a WJPA job and hiring a substitute to do the work for $1.60. BOHEMIA, MORAVIA DECLARED PART OE;, GREATER_GERMANY LAWS NOW IN FORCE REMAIN IF NOT IN CONFLICT WITH NAZI RULINGS Ing CIO, session March 22, clde whether the They will de- "rcbcls can bs taken back with the broader jurisdictions they have assumed since the split. The AFL constitution specifically blocks the chartering of any union whose claimed jurisdiction overlaps the allotted field of an AFL affiliate, unless the latter gives written consent. The question provided the first crisis of the labor peace conferences and may test the attitude of the federation leadership toward giving some ground In order to smooth the way toward a settlement of the labor split. The peace meetings have recessed until Marsh 24. WASHINGTON, March 16.— (IP) —Vladimir S. Hurban, Czecho-Slovak minister, declined today to turn over the legation here to German representatives until he had received written orders from Prague, He issued this statement: "The first secretary of the German embassy, Dr. Karl Rosenberg, came to see me and read me an order from the German foreign office asking the German embassy to take over the Czechoslovak legation and consulate. "My reply was: "'I have not received any order from my government in Prague which appointed mo—the only authority which could- Issue such an order to me. I must have a written—not telegraphic—document, signed by President Hacha, stating that the Czeoho-Slovak gov- See CZECH MINISTER, "page 9. White's Slayer Under Bond in Sum $25,000 PLAINYIEW, March 16.-(/P)— Bond of $25,000 was set here today for Rill Moody, charged with slaying .J. C, White at Co'tton Center last Monday, Moody made bond and was released to appear before the grand jury May 22. Moody and White were prominent farmers, THE BRITISH PRESS ASSAILED GERMANY FOR CZECH ACTION FINDS IN NEW DEVELOPMENTS FURTHER REASON QUICK PREPAREDNESS LONDON, March 16.— OSV- Prime Minister Chamberlain told the House of Commons today the government "has under consideration" the summoning home of Sir Novlle Henderson, ambassador to Berlin, to report on Germany's now advance eastward. When ho was asked whether the government "contemplates protesting to Germany against invasion of Czecho-Slovakla" — inclusion of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia In the roloh as protectorates — the prime minister declined to reply. Chamberlain announced that Henderson's recall was being considered when ho replied to the Laborlte Nell McLean, who asked the government "withdraw" Britain's diplomatic representation In Berlin, Sir 'John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer, • indicated in the house stops would be taken to keep gold held by the Czech National Bank In London out of Germany's hands. Sir John said he had "asked life Bank of England not to make any exceptional transfer of Czechoslovak gold or balances without consultation with His Majesty's government." Geoffrey Lloyd, undersecretary for home affairs, said nazl organizations In Britain were "being watched closely." LONDON, March 16.— </P>— Tho British press assailed Germany today for breaking up the Czechoslovak republic and found in Germany's emergence as an Imperialist power further reason for vigorous preparedness. British, Prime Minister Chamberlain' stuck to his policy of ap- See BRITISH, Page S. HITLER MAY STRIKE QUICKLY FOR ADDED GERMANJNQUESTS FOREIGN DIPLOMATIC CIRCLES FEAR MORE SEIZURES DUE TO COME BERLIN, March 18.—(/P)—The chance that Adolf Hitler now might strike swiftly to settle other unfinished nazl business In Europe was sighted today by foreign diplomatic circles. Amid the Relchsfuehrer's triumph In breaking up what was ] loft of the Czccho-Slovak republic after Munich, theso quarters discussed two dominant questions: 1. How soon would Hitler move to return Danzig and Me- mclland to the lap of "Mother Germany?" 2. How quickly would Hitler follow up his regenerated eastern push toward the dream of rich treasures in the Ukraine? Despite the fact that the fuehrer usually had permitted a lull between successes, there was a chance now he might reverse, the 7 procedure and strike while , the Iron of an emplre-ln-the-maklng was still hot. Hitler had spaced out his three latest and greatest successes over slightly more than a year—annexation of Austria, absorption of Czecho-Slovakla's Sudetonland and finally sponsorship of a new Slovak state and a protectorate over the Czech part of the former Czecho-Slovak republic. Today his armies were in control In Bohemia and Moravia and on guard in Slovakia. Hungarian forces, with apparent German acquiescence, had marched across Carpatho-Ukralne, the remaining fragment of free Czecho-Slovakla. Early today the Hungarians es- tahllshedi a common frontier with Poland. Men who have studied ways of the Czechs' new protector have always noted his disregard of conservative advice and how, despite this, hla hunches have worked. They wondered today See HITLER, Page 11. By Tho Associated Press PRAGUE, Mar. 16.—(ff) —Adolf Hitler today took Slovakia under the protection of his rapidly expand-, ing empire, laid down German law for Bohemia-Mo« ravia, then left Prague with an escort of armored auto- ' mobiles. As German rule encompassed The fuehrer of Germany and tho protector of the Czechs had been In Prague for 22 hours dur« ing which ho did not leave an* clent Hradcany Castle, It had ' been turned Into a veritable fortress. Hitler's open automobile cross* ed the historic Charles bridge late In the' afternoon In the direction of Bruenn (Brno) 118 miles southeast of Prague, on the road to Bratlslavo. Ha wa« expected In Bruenn tonight, thosu two parts of broken CzuchO*' Slovakia, tho third, Carpatho* Ukralno, disappeared from tho European map by annexation to Hungary. Hitler issued a decree regard* Ing Bohemia and Moravia from' Hradcany Castle. Later he show* 4 ed himself on tho castle balcony .*' to the cheers of German Un,lyer* n slty students, then left' Praguo< by automobile for -an undisclosed destination. -. "V/'^^^I^Ay,^ German protection of Slovakls answered the appeal of Dr. Joseph Tiso, who declared the Independence from Prague of th« llttlo country Tuesday under Hitler's guidance and promise gf support. Thus, 1-1,600 square miles and 2,450,000 more of the population of Central Europe became Gorman-ruled. A day before Hitler agreed to make Slovakia's people subject* of 11 German protectorate, nil gray-clad legions had entered their country just us they did Bohemia-Moravia. It was assumed that now they would carry out thn same duties In the Slovak protectorate which German forces have undertaken in Bohemia-Moravia, N Almost at the sauna time as the announcement that Slovakia would See CZECHS, Pago 5. Admiral Stark Is Chief Naval Operations Now WASHINGTON, March 16.—(J . Rear Admiral Harold R. Stark will head the navy for the next four years during its greatest peac» time expansion. Tho 58-year-old commander of ',• battle force cruisers was chosen by*" President Roosevelt last night to succeed Admiral William D, Leahy as chief of naval operations. The , change will take effect June 1 when , Leahy retires on reaching the age > limit of 64. Admiral Stark, native of Wllkes- Barre, Pa., was graduated In 1003,' from the naval academy, He has " been aide to Secretary Swanson an'd the later's predecessor, Charles Francis Adams. As chief of naval • operations ho will have the rank, ' of full admiral. • > HOUSE OF COMMONS TOLD THAT BRITISH NAVY COULD ACCEPT .\ CHALLENGE OF COMBINED FOES i LONDON, March 18.— (IP)— The house of commons was Informed today that tho royal navy, Britain's first line of defense, could "confidently accept a direct challenge In battle by any probable combination of foes," This statement of strength was made by Geoffrey Shakespeare, parliamentary and financial secretary of tho admiralty, In presenting for approval the naval estimates of 163,666,681 pounds ($768,333,405) for the 1939-40 fiscal year, a record for peacetime. Tho estimates wero made public Feb. 28 and compared with 123,707,000 pounds ($1618,635,000) In the fiscal year which will end March 31. Shakespeare outlined tho vast naval building program which Involves 200 vessels, large and small, In dockyards and shipbuilding • yards this year and next. During, the fiscal year 1838-39, 43 warships joined the navy and during 1939-40 another 60 will be added. The building program for 1939 Include! two fast battleships of 40,000 tons armed with 16- Inch guns. Shakespeare said a three-fold danger threatened Britain—defpat by an enemy fleet, the menace ot ''submarines, and air attack, preventing tho navy from guarantee* Ing the arrival ot essential 1m* ports, "As to tho first, "we believe our fleet so strong today that Jt can confidently accept a direct challenge In battle by any probable combination of foes." Ho said the submarine menace was not so great as In the world war for, In the first place, Britain was ready to start a convoy system, soon after tho outbreak of a conflict, on any trade route where It was considered necessary. The admiralty, ho went on, has a supply of 2,000 antisubmarine guns ready for Installation on. merchant ships. Ho declined to give details, but said "our methods of detecting, hunting and killing submarine* are more advanced than any others In the world," A

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