Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 30, 1947 · Page 4
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 4

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Pampa, Texas
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Monday, June 30, 1947
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Page 4
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j Moftifajr, Jtittg 30,' most consistent newspaper FQblfahed ilftttr except Saturday by The Tampa News, 821 W. Poster Ave fpfittft TeXAS. Phone 666. All departments. MEMBER OF THE ASSO- CIA.TED PRESS (Full Leased Wire). The Associated Press Is entitled ex- ClfJStvely to thfe use for republlcatlon of all the local news printed in this fi**Bpaper, as well aa all AP news dispatches. Entered as second class tttattM at the post office at Pampa, Texas, under the Act of March 3rd, 1878. **. *x • _-.L^ ^ SUBSCRIPTION RATES IIT CAJtRTBH in Pampa 25c per week. Paid In advance (at office) IS.OO per I. months. tfi.OO per sli months, $12.00 per year. Price tier single copy i <*nt*. No mall order* accepted In localities served by carrier delivery. fHE PROBLEM OF RAILROAD EARNINGS In a recent address, R. B. White, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, said that the linos must be permitted to earn a 6 percent return on their property investment in order to attract the ne\v capital which is essential to their future existence. The railroads' earning situation has been relatively bleak for many years. Prior to 19,'JO, when their return was in the neighborhood of 6 percent, they were able to pay adequate dividends, of about 5.50 percent, to their stockholders. Since then, dividends have steadily declined. For the five years preceding the war they amounted to slightly more than 2 percent. Even during the war when the railroad plant was running 1 at extreme capacity, the average was only 2.85 percent. The reason for this is the enormously increased cost of operating the railroads. In 1!>47, it will cost them $2,224,000,000 more to haul their anticipated traffic than the same volume would have cost in 11)40. This represents a cost increase of over 50 percent. To offset that, the lines have been granted increases in freight rates of only 17.0 percent and passenger fare increases of 10 percent. And the problem cannot be solved by increasing business, as the traffic volume now being handled is higher than in any peacetime year. Furthermore, the railroads have about gone the limit in effecting operating economies that would reduce their costs. What we must have, as a result, is a change in the railroad rate structure that will permit the lines a fair return that will attract investors. We need this, not just because of railroad stockers, but because of the obvious dependence of American industry and employment on efficient, progressive transportation by rail. As tlie Waterville, Sentinel, Maine, put it, "The American people should keep is mind that our railroads are a necessary part of our economy ami should see to it they are given the necessary support to keep them on the profit tide of the ledger," WASHINGTON By RAf TUCKER OIL—Today's question-and-answer column seems to be a symposium on our difficulties with Russia, including certain seeming inconsistencies in our policy toward Moscow. The queries are natural in view of recent news developments. . . With considerable exasperation, Q.C.S. of San Pedro and C. S. of •'Pasadena, Cal., aslc why the U. S.. has been shipping oil to Russia at a time when we have been called tipon to spend millions to cheek Communism around the world, and . q.t a time when supplies of petroleum for our navy and the general public may run so short as to require resumption of rationing. FEAR—Answer: Most of these sales, and they have been fairly heavy, were regular business transactions between the Amtorg Trading Corp., Russia's buying- agency here, and American firms. They were contracted before Stalin embarked upon the more aggressive phases of his expansionist program. Even when his anti-American designs became plain a few months ago, Washington did not choose to cut off supplies for fear of provoking him further. The unofficial explanation given was the same ofCer- jed for sales of petroleum, to Japan before Pearl Harbor. Ex-Secretary Cordell Hull used to isaj- that, if we curtailed shipments to Tokyo, tlie war lords would advance on Dutch Indies supplies before the U. S. was prepared for war. Now, the fear is that Stalin would make a premature grab for oil resources in the Middle Etist. BOYCOTT—The recent imposition of wartime controls on these shipments was forced on the Administration on and off Capitol Hill. Coming on the eve of the Bevin•Bidault-Molotov conference on the Marshall plan for European rehab- ilition, it was actually an untimely move. However, President Truman's order for a study of our own natural resources, which was precipitated by the Hoover-Vandenberg warnings, paved the way for the Russian oil boycott. PROGRAM—Question from P. R. of Brooklyn: "Why was Russia ii- •nally included within the scope of the Marshall program for reviving Europe, when tha original plan was definitely set forth as one designed to build up Western Europe, like Greece and Turkey, as a buffer r.gain.-it the westward .spread of Communism?" Answer: President Truman and Secretary Murshall were forced to make their proposal more all-inclusive after exploratory conferences with London and Paris statesmen. England and France do not, want to be caught in the middle of any conilict. economic, military or iclcol- .bfiical, between the United States •and Russia. They remember how France was ravaged by American bombings and tin- final attack through Normandy in the Jast con•11 ict. WALLACES—The left wing of tho British Labor Party, as well us French Ccmmunis>vs, have bitterly opposed any Anglo-French-American alliance or agreement that seemed to be pointed against the Soviet. They have their Henry Wai- laces, too. Perhaps the most practical reason is that Russia and many of the satellite nations make up the bread basket of Eastern and Central Eu- 'rope. It is Jrom these areas that must come the i'uod for German and French miners and workers, who cannot produce in sufficient ivolume for lack of a decent diet. YALTA—"Do you think President Roosevelt was influenced by Communistic groups, o;- did lie just drop tho ball when he agreed to let Russia enter the war after it was over and Japan defeated?" asks J.D.W. Sr. of Shawmoo, Okla. No, to the firsv. part of that question, although F.U.R. had allowed himself to become an admirer of Russia. But it was at Yalta, when Japan was not yet defeated, that he made the agreement with Stalin for his participation in the Oriental conilict two months after a German surrender. It was that time element which made it appear that Moscow deferred the attack upon Japan until Tokyo was about to give up. Stalin explained to F.D.R. that he needed at least two months to rest and shift troops and wepous from the German to the Japanese front. ASIATIC—"What business has Russia in China, Japan or Gorea, anyway?" he continues. "Why should we let her mr-ss up the Asiet--. Common Ground By R. 0. HOItES Methodist Leaders Show Their Communistic Ideas t The Southern California - Arizona Methodist Conference in San Diego shows their un-American communistic attitude by a resolution they passed during this conference. The following was included in one of their resolutions: "Moral judgments by the church have long heen expressed against the unchristian motivation of industry by the lust for profit." In the first place, the members of this Methodist Conference are either not honest or intelligent when they use the word "lust" for profit. Lust is a smear word usually used in connection with sexual desire, as a violent or degrading passion. How Can Industrialists Servo Without Profits? Of course the members of the conference composed mostly of Methodist bishops or their appointees fail to explain how industrialists can grow and increr.se their services without profits. They evidently think that profit in business is like war—(hat the gain of profits comes from the loss of someone else as the win- ring of a war conies from I lie loss of the defeated nation. Thai, is not the case, however. In industry operated under Ihe rule of law the gain of one is the gain of. j all. Men get profits only because j those they have served have also profited. They have been able to i .exchange more for the labor of j .other people than those people | .can who do not make a profit. [ Profit is simply a reward for ef- | ficioncy. It. is a part, of the rost of business just as labor ami material is a part of the-cost of tho business. If the business is not run to serve on a voluntary basis, there are no profits. There is no reward for tho entrepren- eur,—tlie businessman. 1'rofits Have to Ho Distribute! And the members of tho conference do not seem to know that prbfils cannot be hoarded without eventually being losl. They do not seem to know that profits have to bo distributed—cither consumed by the man who receives them or given away or reinvested in tools that make it possible J'or the workers to produce more und thus earn more. They do not seem to know that tho luxuries of the rich arc the roadways to So They Say The United States would almost certainly Ix 1 tliu first Uirti'ot of any aggressor nation able to produce atomic weapons. —Lt.-GL'j;. R. L. Kiclif'lbrrgcr, Whoever ;;o(!>; into public life has j;ot to liuvt 1 ,i hide like :i rhinoe- eroiis. A \voinun must be prepared 'to take all (l\:\(. men take, and a little more -1)'cuii::e here v;e believe that all is lair in love and. politics. - iileanor Rocwevelt. Inefficiency cau.'ic.s waste, and \utste eaii.se:; inel't'ieieney; and when you cut off wu.sl.i- you make tlie Army more elYidi'iit. Re]). Albert ,J. Knyci (R) of Michigan. Atom-produced electricity in the United States will be available in G to 10 years, and could, be distributed by the federal government,, states or by private industries, depending on the wishes of the consumers afl'uut- ,ed. —David E. Lillionthal, chairman Atoinis Energy Commission. firacie Reports ic situation, and what prompted .UK to permit it? Why did we let her enter Manchuria in the first place?" Answer: Ru.sisa lias always had an interest in these strategic areas in modern times, largely because the western nations were unfriendly lor many years, and Moscow felt she needed -a foothold there as Kale- guard against attack from that direction. Indeed, the great powers of 'that day rccogni/.ecl her right to an interest in this direction, As to "letting" Russia enter Manchuria, what coulcl we have done to fctop it? In sending questions for this regular, weekly column, please forward them to Ray Tucker, C308 Hillcrest Place, Chevy Chase, Maryland. THOUGHTS iiu I ho myst.-ry of tho f;uth iii-K I'diitiC'li'iifi-.— -1 Tutuuthy Labor to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial lire, called Concience. — George Washington. FCC AND POLITICS by Peter Edson WASHINGTON — (NBA)—Presi- dent Truman is having- appointment embarrassment p.jvain. This time it's over a Federal Communications Commission job, which is being kicked around something awful. It was all a mistake, apparently, when the President sent to the Senate the name of Republican Ray C. Wakefield of California to succeed himself for another seven-year term on FCC. The President hadn't meant to do it that way. So he pulled back the Wakefield appointment without consulting that gentleman. When the Wakefield nomination was first sent to the Senate, Republican leaders got busy. They had too many complaints on file about the .way FCC was beiiiR run. constituents who had radio stations complained about the way they were regulated. Those who didn't have- stations, but wanted them, complained because they couldn't get license. Also, they were beefs that Wakefield, though he called himself a Republican, had been co-operating 'too much with tlie Democratic mar joyity on FCC under Chairman «." Charles R. Denny and his predeces- * j, sprs. fop leadership in the GOP took • hand in the case—Vandenbei'g, {Speaker Joe Martin. This w.s test of whether the Repub- jld have regular, all-out i pn their jobs, or wheth- to take the people who elves, or whom the |v|tepublicans. Pent Republican eneral griping en Democrats in Congress were taken in cahoots- House minority leader Sam Rayburn, Senators Stewart and McKellar of Tennessee. The last two in particular had a peeve- against FCC because it had icfused to grant licenses to a couple of their Nashville supporters. The upshot was that Republican leaders offered the job to youngest Ohio Congressman, Robert F. Jones iof Lima. The FCC job pays only $10,000 a year, while Congressmen get $12,500 a year plus $2500 ev- penses. In spite of this and the fact that Jones had his wife on his office payroll as a clerk, the congressmen decided to withdraw the nomination of Waket'iald and substitute Jones. Jones figures this will be a chance to get some good experience in administrative law. He is only 40, '.'hough he has been in Congress since 1939. He holds a small interest in Northwest Ohio Broadcasting Co., which has an FM license and has applied to FCC for standard broadcast license. Jones will have to give up this holding when he becomes a commissioner. This is his only ex- pciienca in radio. He wants to live in Washington, doesn't like to campaign. In the present session of Congress Jones has distinguished himself as chairman of a sub-committee on appropriations, handling Department of Interior money. He wielded the economy axe so heavily that he had western congressmen from both parties screaming. There has been gossip that Republican and Democratic leaders may have picked Jones for the FCO job to get him out of Congress. JEjut equally as important is the fact that ho is a 100-per-cent regular. tViikcfieltl: Democratic Collaborator Commissioner Wakefield, who lies been given the heave-ho to make a place for Jones, is of the quiet-hardworking but unspectacular type. Ha has specialized in telegraphic communications and handled the Postal-Western Union merger and rate .cases. He was appointed to the commission by President Roosevelt in 1940. He was enough of a Republican, anyway, that the Democratic members of the California Commission ganged up on him to get rid of him and persuaded Democratic Sen. Sheridan Downey to recommend him to Roosevelt. At Republican headquarters Wakefield was ticketed as too much of a Democratic collaborator. His defense against that would be that he had subordinated party politics. When the Republican National Committee met in Washington last December, however, GOP Chairman 'Carroll Reece made a speech in. which he called a purge of phony Republicans serving on government icgulatory agencies. Reece claimed that all these agencies are servants iof Congress, not of tha President. Since tlie Republicans were then •coming into control of Congress, Reece said it was only fair that the political character of the agencies be changed accordingly. This may be it. The GOP is taking over. FCC now has three Democrats, two Republicans and two independents of no party affiliation. Substituting Jones for Wakefield won't give the GOP a bigger delegation, feut a tftug'her ojae. By GRACrE ALLEN I see that a Los Angeles Count; rabbit census shows' a rabbit poptt latipn of one million. The. actua count was 883,800 but since it wai made last week' it will probably hit a million by the -time this gets into print. I'm not surprised that rabbits do so well there — the y travel in tremendous lenps, which gives them Grade a much better chance of surviva than the average pedestrian. Also living in Hollywood must bo gooc for n. rabbit's pride. Nowha-e else could they ser so many of their ox- skins pa^sinf? as muskrat coats and mink jackets. When the rabbit census was taken I'll bet a lot of us California humans weir included by mistake, because we're become so timidit aftei years of bowing and .scraping to the butcher and l.hp landlord. Honest. I dread 10 look in the mirroi for frur that my ears may have grown long and furry. progress. If there be no profits, nnd thorc- fore no rich, (here can bo no economic progress. When tho automobile and the airplane were luxuries, the rich bought (hem. They experimented with. them. The rich were tho road testers for the automobile concerns. They furnished tlie capital for the automobile, rofi iterator and the radio •'and all now products so that the products could bo improved, the rost reduced and made available to I he fjrent mass of people. Nor do the members of the conference seem to know that if they put their orders for wealth—their "money"—in the bank, it is either distributed by boin;; loaned lo other people, or K it .lies idle, tho money (orders for wcall'h) held by other people buys mure. Nor do they seem lo know that profits under tho rulo of. law arc just additions to the national wealth. And when tbn industrialist!; or tho man who believes in a free market refers to profits, he means a profit under a free market: where people buy tilings on a voluntary basis—where the jjovemnicnt's objective is to keep Ihe markets free, and the government doesn't make discriminatory laws to interfere with a free exchange of goods. That's what is meanl by profits when the term i.s used by an industrialist in a material sense. And if the industrialist is serving bis fellow ma'n by reducing the. cost of satisfying human want, •why should lie not make a profit so his services can expand? How can his services expand without u profit ? It i.s impossible. 33ut the Methodist bishops and their appointees seem to want to do awsiy with the freedom—the right of the consumer to be his own judge as to what lie wants to buy with his labor. Evidently they want to substitute some authority as to what the consumer should buy. These Methodist bishops can no more name an impersonal rule of. conduct ilian can Joseph Stalin or any other Socialist. They will set down no impersonal rule of conduct that they will attempt to live by. They soon to know no rule of law other than their authoritarian, autocratic, dictatorial personal wishes. They ore .so self-conceited that they thins that they are wise enough lo inter/ere with God's law of freedom and .substitute thtir will for •God's will. What motive would they have for action if it was not the profit motive? Would they have the loss motive? Would they have thine;:- done by chance" Or how would they determine what things are to be produced if the public is not to bo tho judge as measured by what they are willing to puy for what they want. Of course the Methodist: bishops say, the service motive. But how wiil they measure .service U people are not free to express their desires on a froe marKcL .' it we <iu 1101. nave Hie profit motive, wo will have a totalitarian .slate. For nearly 40 years the Methodist bishops have boon helping bring about a eolleeiivist state. They have discarded Christianity and Imvo been worshipping themselves via collectivism, They are so ill-informed that they wouldn't, dare stand up and try to defend their socialistic (loclri..t;s in open debate against any real Christian who believes in tho dignify of each and every man. Of course the bishops of the Methodist Church, or any other organization as authoritarian and as arbitrary as they are, are bound to depart from Christian principles. As Henry Jackson said,, the way lo kill an idea i.s to or- Kani/e it. And the Methodist bishops are a shining example of the way to kill Christianity. They are worshipping themselves and their organization and their church instead of the principles of freedom and love. And yet tho Methodist bishops wonder w'-y we are in such a precarious position as we are in. They ; wonder why we have been in two; , world wars when t hey are denying the very 'principles set forth ;in the Ten Commandments and the Sermon on the Mount and the Declaration of.Independence.. Of the 2,624 officers graduated from West Point during World War- II, 825 were commissioned in the Army Air Forces. THE B6U, WOULD RING WHEN I'M ALONE AND IN TUB PARDON, BUt dw -fats sreeer LOOK ALIKE LATER-CHIC AGO HAKE LIGHT O' MY FEARS IF VOUSE VIU-,WESTBROOK. BUT EV'Ry TIME DOSE STEEL BLADES LAS)-1|S OUT AT DE CEMENT, J KE£,RS SCREAMS IN A FEU.OV C»n±£NS-m . OPPONENTS HAVE ACCUSED ) ME OF BEING A CHEAP _-/ CWOOH/f WELL- IF I'M \ A CHEAP CR6OR,TH« HERE'S THE COMMISSIONER TO MAKE THE DEDICATOM SPEECH ft OH.HCW IT WILL PACIFV ME TORTURED NOIVL'S T' DUMP D1S LOAD rr CEMENT CAN GET UP OFAGONV SUDBERN AND WALK AWAV WHO EVER MF.ARD O' •WESTERN CEMEWT A V/ID A < SUDDERN ACCENT? is SSSTEE. T SURE.' tfcwe ON IM . we. PM»P«. 1 HERE, Wfe$. m'S WO.gKlNS ON !>, NEW COMMERCIAL F0fc YOU NOWJ IT'S A,a\kNc6 WE'VE GOT TO MEANWHILE. HE WfcMTS US TO GET (AORB ON Hf>>ND... 3U0T IN CASB OUR BR(LLIM>1T Op THE MRWMIES SUOOLP KICK.OFF 1 . tPEON.DO EVIEF- OLD fcRWSLE'S GONE HOO-WILD CVEE. TK5 SOW PLUS SINS 3IM6I5S OF ODE, McW WWTEE-/ WRITER, MRC. WANT'S 'CM KEr £Me\7 OfTENtfc ON B&CH PROGBWA LISTENERS UP IN REVOLT?... PESCENWMSOM V£ IM HOR06S, QUICKIES By Ken Reynolds "Mary! This vine is growing as fast as the News W»nt 4U said U would!" AHH! L*ND AT L/VST.' BV GADFRV, 1 .B£<3INNIN' T'THINK I WASN'T SONN/\ MAK£ IT.' SEE? CtoP'5 BEINS SWEPT J&®3 YES, I THiNK 5O-3U1 , ASHOKS <SN A CESERT f YOUX AS OLD ROBIN M.VONMUWA '*™&j!}^« ™e/ "IT* X^out^ IN THE BOCX , HAS INVENTED A NEW GADSET...WHICH HE IS NOW TRYING OUT ON BUSTED FifiNAL- Art BUSH , YOU \sERE -TRTIK)' TO BU5H- HORSE RYCER I wtRt'e- n unxt THIN& OU<=n GO-V 10 OUT VJHPfV TO 6Mt I COUV.O VAPU<t \T \K> TWc. SWOP TOR WRON& MUMBER.. BUB/ THIS,, is MARV FROSA WHAT I TOLD \CO.V|E ON.HILDA- YOU, AMP YOU'CL SOON BE , \ LETS TRY IT OM AS GOOV AS AMV CANNIBAL/ /. FOR SIZE./ , THAT MEAN3: M SCHOOL CROWD IS AFRICAN that moment a taxi driwpr stopped in front of Connie's apartment, NO SIGN OF F6UX YET, O.A THE BOYS ARE WATCHIN'HIS APARTMENT. WELL, OUR FRIEND CONNIE TALKED , ALL RI6MT. AND SHE SURE PUT THE FIN6ER OM FELIX. I'M GOING TO HAVE HIM BROUGHT IN. WANT TO STICK AROUND ALL RIGHT MA'C, HERE'S GET SURE. MAYBE HE'S NOT HOME YET. I TOLD YOU ABOUT THE RUM-IN I HAD WITH HIM AND HIS 616 FRIEND. THEY MI6HT BE MAKING A NIGHT OF IT. I DON'T THINK HE KNOWS ANYTHING YET,CAPTAIN. BRING HIM IN ^ AS SOON AS HE ; SHOWS UP. THESH DPUNKS / 1 3'POSE HAVE TO CARRY HIM IN/ I'LL NEVER BELIEVE ANYMORE OF THIS SENTIMENTAL DRIVEL ABOUT THE FAITHFUL. DOQ-, MAN'S BEST FRIEND. I SENT NAPOLESIS TO DRIVE THOSE TfWMRS OOTOFOU^ TRAILER! AND WHAT DOES HE CJO.-* SELLS OUT R?R A CHOP FROM OUR ICE BOX S jJr =Rg HE is/ sTWFi=p.wrm MERE We SIT STA1?V(NS. AND WE CAN'T HITCH HlKgRS FPR SIX MONTH'S/ £*>S V/OULPVCUMIhJp k'tgPlMG AM EMS OJ IM <5WIMMING.fl.EASE?

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