The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas on January 26, 1961 · Page 14
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The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas · Page 14

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Thursday, January 26, 1961
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inui»u«jy, January A Yanqui in Chile—I Fine Climate, Low Prices Lure Tourists A vi*w *f Avtnldo O'Higfin*, »n* »f $antta««'t main thoroughfares. (A Panagro PJiofo) EDITOR'S NOTE—Thw »» the first of three articles. By LOUIS MESSOLONGHITES Written Especially (or Central Press and Thit If«icapaper SANTIAGO, Chile—Until two weeks ago the high moment of my life bad been the day that a young, misguided Phfladelphian addressed me as one of Uii Biddies of bis city. That was before 1 came to Chile, a land bulging with scenery and gracious people, at lust one of whom is astigmatic. Here 1 was not only told that I looked like Dwight D. Eisenhower (it's not true), but I was introduced and toasted repeatedly ts "El President?" by a Chilean journalist who had drunk too much of his country's delightful specialty, champagne with stra%v- berriea. For him it was an uproarious if illusory coincidence. It was such a heady experience, nevertheless, that I felt it gave me a statesmanlike carriage the next morning when I met the President of Chile, Jorge Alessandri Rodriguez. A patrician to the bone, Senor Alessandri is the son of a former president «nd the great-grandson of an Italian immigrant who came here with a traveling circus, a step that denotes Chilean democracy. Alessandri received our group in the presidential palace, an excellent example of the Spanish colonial, or Creole, archifec-! Panagra plane window, endless ture created in South America during the Spanish dominion; that is, turreted, yellow concrete set off by long, brown, wooden balconif* with shutters. At the southernmost Up lies Tierra del Fuego (the Land of Fire). Where Charles Darwin once pursued his study of man* kind, oil wells are now churning. Aconagua, the highest South American builders also favor arcades, a charming heri- \ peak in tl tag* from the Moora. 22.S34 feet Geographically, Chile i* a ! almost an escudo a dozen—an •triJig bean, extending 3,500 mile* by an average of HO miles wide. It encompasses a vast desert in th* north, an! Nobel Prise winning poet, the equally vast fertile valley in the j late G&briela Mistral, and the Baiddle. and, even from our j pianist, Claudio Arrau. escudo being 1.95 plus. With a population of only 7,500,000, Chile has produced a For tourists there is the lure of low prices for hotels, food, wines, taxicabs, and the like. For fishermen there are shimmering lakes with oversized trout and for skiers there are slopes against a backdrop of j glaciers that are beyond a i geologist's dream. In the main, 'Chile's climate is more temper| ate than in most t>f the United States. Th* two national heroes are Bernardo OT&ggin*, who led the war of independence against Spain in the early 19th century, and Pedro de Valdivia, the conquistador who founded Santiago in 1541. In addition to the customary complement of statues —and what statues there are throughout South America!— O'Higgins is immortalized by a broad avenida bearing his name, the principal thoroughfare of Santiago, which, with a population of 1,600,000, is the fourth largest city on the continent. Valdivia fought the Arauca- nlan Indians. The fiercest tribt at that time to resist the Spaniards, they held out for 250 years I TJie Araucanians cap. tured and killed Valdivia. NEXT-Vina del Mar and a Fishing Village. New Commerce Chief Top Industry Hunter Our Boy Elvis in Plenty High Gear By HENRY LfSISNf Central Press Association Correspondent RALEIGH, N. C.—Stakes w* high—in the billions of cot'ars— today in the competition a:v.ong states to lure new industry. A caricature of a ir.oclera day governor, in fact, might show him with overstuffed briefcas* of descriptive brochures, high- stepping ;n seven league toots to one of the nation's moat concentrated industrial centers. North Carolina's Luther Hodges, chosen for secretary of Commerce in. the Kennedy administration, was as good as they come ai this sort of thing while serving North Carolina as governor for six years. The . North Carolina economy boomed. Th* Hodges economic philosophy: "The question 1« really one of raising the standard of living of all the people. And that means payrolls." » * * HODGES went other industry-hunting governors one better by conceiving the idea and leading a safari of 68 Tar Heel government, business and civic notables across Western Europe to "sel!" North Carolina a* a business and travel site. This brought even some rather early tangible results or response from contacts made in these foreign countries. Aside from that, however, merely the publicity that the junket received in the United States doubtless added enough lustre to the North Carolina story or image to have more than justified several such international excursions. Hence it wasn't surprising for a reporter wryly to ask Hodges If he would be going to Europe now seeking industry-*not merely for North Carolina, but for the nation as a whole. * * t "YOU KNOW," Hodges replied, "that's not a bad remark. In fact that's just about what we're going to have to do, with the balance of payments in gold going the way they are. We've got to find ways to sell more goods overseas and buy European goods here at home. "And instead of sending more American tourists over there to spend dollars, we've got to bring mor« European tourists Secretary Hodge* quently decided to try his hand at politics, at th« age of 62 is a man of boundles* energy who thrives on activity. Hodges can look back on an administration of solid achievement as governor. At the beginning it was his habit to remark: "I'm a businessman, not a politician." Very soon, though, he began always to add: "But government ii business, you know." * • • WHEN HE decided to take an initial plunge into politics in 1952 and run for lieutenant governor, he had a lot of little cards printed up which read: "My name's .. Luther Hodges. I'm not a politician but I'm running for lieutenant governor and I hope you'll vote for me." It took him quite a while to work up enough courage to hand out the first one. But he did it one day while paying his dinner check. He simply handed one to the restaurant cashier. From then on it was easier. The political neophyte traveled some 11,000 miles in ths four months simply trying to make himself likable to the public. He succeeded to the extent of winning over four seasoned political campaigner*. The death of Gov. William B. Um*tead in 195* at mid-terra pitBBfc*d tta* ft* tbt lw i By ARMAND AlCHtRD Control Pross Association Correspondent HOLLYWOOD — The new year will bt one of comparative relaxation, Elvis Presley con- fUUM. "This first year out of the Army has been plenty busy foi me," he smiled. "1 think 1 had a total of 35 days at horn*." So Memphis, lookout, your boy plans to unswlvel on his 14-acr* estate, assuming, of cmirse, Cuhnel Parker hasn't other plans up his sleeve. U v st any of you worry that there won't be enough of Elvis around to Keep everyone happy, we can point out that there will be a safe amount of Presley product perking to console th* faithful. (Matter of fact—looks like there's more of him around than ever before! There's gonna b« different kinds of Elvis showing on the screen. "But never In a decent suit," he laughed. "I've yet to get a decent wardrobe in a picture." "Nothing wrong with the Air Force Blues in 'GJL Blues,' " w* correct him. After the release of "Blues" came the current "Flaming Star" in which he plays a half-clothed half-breed. We were talking with him on the set of his present production, "Wild in the Country." H* was in the back country of Virginia, wearing the clothes of a day worker—from heavy clod shoes to tight T-shirt which will give the gals a chance to watch the rippling muscle* of his upper anatomy. * • m NEXT, he'll bar* the beefcake for "Beach Pad," a Hawaiian- net story, in ca*e you didn't guess. Sounds like Elvis is doing more for the femme fans than the cheesecake brigade In Hollywood is doing for the male moviegoer. (Don't worry, men, Marilyn Monroe's gowns in "The Misfits" may bring out the fire department! !) Elvis confides ha would like to step into "clwiea," now that he's become a serious actor. Matter of fact, even tus tiaglag to "Wild in the Country" u limited to strictly ballad-type material. Now 25, E. P. is a serious, but pleasant-sincere young fella. He is well-liked by the people in Hollywood, his co-workers and by the press. N'o need to •ay what the fans think. Al- Ugh, Elvit—when y*u gettum beck in three-button suit? Presley, shewn in < sceni with «c*»r Rudolph Aeeeta in forthcoming movie, m«*n« he hctfl'f wem nwMierrp "«Jwl*t w In «ny ot hfi movies. Elvis' case, the reason for his •ilence on many subject* is logic. "When someone ask* me a quwtion," he admitted, 1 al- way« think about what the reaction will be to my answer. One thing j s for sure, you can't plea** all th* people all the time—but you can try not to offend them." During hi* Army career ia Germany, It wa* reported (er- nmeoucly) that Presley said he preferred American girl* to European flilies. Well, sir, th» •cream* from the fraulein* could be heard from one end of the Rhine to the other. ' 'It wasn't true," h* smiled, "and even if it had been true —do you tfeink that I, stationed | in Germany and surrounded by: nothing but^ European girls. would dar* say I preferred girls 3,000 mile* away that I couldn't [ date?" ; W* dare *ay Presley, at 28, i givee indications he could swing hi* guitar from the rock'n roll circuit to th* diplomatic (music) any time Uhcl* Sam oattft Mi favorite sport still conaUU of a steady exchange of muscle- bending exercises with his group of friends, who are often erroneously called his "bodyguardi." Believt m«, Elvi* Presley needs no bodyguard—an expert in karat* (higher form of judo), he can handle anyone—except, perhaps a better karate expert —and ther* aren't many. • • • ELVIS and hi* group who used to live in a suit* at th« Beverly Wllshire Hotel In L.A, now roam through a Bel Air mansion he's rented for a year. The late Aly Kahn wu one ot tht former tenants. W« asked Elvis if he planned to buy a house ia Bollywood, "I don't thinot I'd ever do that," he said. "Mtmphi* l» nsy home. That's where all my friends are," He corrected himself, said, "My old friends, that U." Although perfectly honest in the answers h« give*, Elvis maintains the air of mystery about him that mad* for *tars * ti* [ion Id- thc lift d i Tactical Co-ordinator, Electronics Play Key Roles in Anti-Sub Warfare Strategy Boys (1,500) Meet Girl fly Central Pres» NEW YORK — P^pid advance* In electronic system* UMd aboard naval aircraft comprising those famed "hunter- killer" groups to anti-submarine warfare have added a pivotal player to th* tactical team that guard* us against nuclear surprise attack from under th« seas. The new star in th* cast ot airborne defenders is the "tactical co-ordinator." He's the man aboard the Navy ASW patrol plane who advises the pUot of th« command decision concerning when and where to hit the target. With him rest* th* final verdict on the entire hunt-and- Jdll strategy being counted on to neutralize the deadly potential of enemy subs. In one respect, the TC's role > in modern ASW is similar to that of the bombardier of World War D vintage. Like the TC, th* bombardier put his craft on target and pushed the button that dropped the bombs. But the similarity ends right" there. Th* bombardier directed—often improvised on—his equipment. In th* electronic age, the equipment directs th* man. The modern tactical coordinator is the product of ASW equipment. He doesn't argue with it. • » • BEHIND that equipment •lands more than 10 years of tert and research covering every phase of ASW science from advanced plotter displays, target computers and dead-reckoning navigational computers using •olid *tat* technique* to such refinements as modularization and miniaturization of equip •Bent. Modularisation refers to the technique! of building Inter- changeibto ptrt* *o that any MM MCtiOB of equipment can be replaced without breaking down tht «ntir« project, while miniaturisation, mjb-miniaturi- Emtion and mScromjiiaturijation Involve reducing UM aia»— both weight and bulk—of equipment. Much * thl* kw b*« the vnxK of Lot*! electronic! Cor* •ore-Uoa, New York, N. T, which !• one of UM firm* pro- A*W MtfMM* Wltfe A Nay plane with a tactical coordinator Mti off en a maneuver for onti-tubmarint warfare. innovations that have put it* plotters and computers Into most of the Navy ASW patrol plane* that take to the air. The scientists and engineers involved in this massive undertaking have come up with the answer* to four major problems in producing today 1 * ASW equipment: submarine and evasive tactics, co-ordination of tracking information, modulari- zation and miniaturization of equipment It takes QO more than a few minutes for a modem sub to . launch a missile that could turn a city or a port into a ma;« of ! nuclear rubble. The only defense against such attack is high-speed tracking and Immediate kill. There is no time for Involved manual computation*, fancy theories or second tries. A margin for error does Dot exist in modern warfare. • • • BASICALLY, what Loral has done is to replace human calculation with a master electromechanical brain in the form of a computer that analyzes and correlates, almost instantaneously, sensory information fed Into it by the eye* and ear* of the submarine tracking system radar and «onar devices. On the basis of this information, thf computer oj*pi*y» data which, when interpreted, results in a command decision by the tactical co-ordinator. Aiding and abetting this master brain in arriving at its decision is a "cabinet" of electronic advisors. It includes a large, long-range plotter for search and patrol, a small Immediate - problem plotter for ' trapping, a "doppler radar" that determines ground speed, and a dead-reckoning computer that use* headinj,, air speed, wind direction and velocity to show • aircraft position. They feed ! into and out of the electro! mechanical computer like so S many nerves of the brain. • • * IN THE FIELD of advanced ASW systems, scientists at Loral havs come to grips with the biggest problem facing the services: the inexperience and rapid turnover of personnel To overcome it, equipment had to be designed that was simple and functional enough for the | greenest fecruit to operate and • maintain. This requirement has led Loral into a whole new field of automatic test equipment capable of Isolating p r i m a »• y equipment defects quickly so that repair* can be made by personne; <viUi little knowledge of the over-all system. A Yanqui in Chile~—HI A Visit to Valdivia, Earthquake City Mrs. Orrick and some of the boys of Tomlinion Hall. By OUS OUSTAFSON Central Press Association Correspondent CLEVELAND— There are two rules about sleeping in the lounge of Tomlinson Hall, which houses the Student Union, cafeteria, game rooms and allied activities at Case Institute of Technology nere. First, none ot the undergraduates or graduate students in this citadel ot engineering education is allowed to sleep on the lounge's plush davenport" and, second, they are not allowcn to •leep without navlng sock* on. That goes tor all 1,500 ot cm! These problem* are a concern of Helga Orrick, the only woman supervisor ot an all-men's college student union In the United States and possibly the entire Western world. Mr*. Orrick 1* a delicately built, German-born blonde, five feet two inches tall and weighing in at lit) pounds. She has to use psychology, not strength, with the crew-cut men at Case, many ot them owning varsity fullback physiques. Her secret, Mrs. Orrick says, la to give everyone equal rights and privileges, and to exert a Mrs. Orrick, aside troin Keeping sleepers out ot Uie lounge, Is charged with prohibiting card playing In the cafeteria, Keep- Ing anm 'nmentp ot current activities posted, supervising the pool, billiard and tablr tennis rooms for cleanliness, and other chores related to a strict- form ot basic discipline, and , y ma]e c , icntele . applied psychology. MRS. O. learned psychology at th* University of Berlin where She wa: a science major and her acquaintance with discipline may stem from her service with the Luftabwchr, t>"! World War JJ German anti-aircraft defense. She was detailed to a searchlight unit which saw action against Allied bombers in Saxony. Tomlinson Hall at Case Institute is an elec-ant oiace and As the center of student, alumni and other activities fhe hall Is kept in showcase condition under Mrs. Orrlck's supervision. "College boys are wonderful," Mrs. Orrick says, "when they are treated right Treating them right means considering them as adult*, not children. We have not had to leny anyon* the privileges of the hall." However, no sleeping In th* lounge, please. EDITOR'S NOTE — TAtt it th* last of three article*. By LOUIS MESSOLONGHITES Written Especially for Central Press and This Newspaper VALDIVIA, Chile -- During the earthquake of last May this venerable city was the hardest hit. with 30,000 made homeless out of a population of 80,000. Only ay were killed, fortunately. Seven months after the disaster the scars were all too apparent, from the center of town to the outskirts where a relief project houses 2,400 de«- titute families In tentlike homes of tin called "rucas" (huts). In one ruca 1 visited, about 10 by 15 feet, nine persons were living, including a woman with a sick baby. There were thrt* beds. As depressed as th* Val- divians are, however, they hav* not forgotten the help they received from the U. S. government and American citizens. When our group left, these ragged, unhappy people, to our astonishment, gave us an ovation. Valdivia is Intersected by the Rio Calle Calle, or Street Street Paver. The city U the core of Chile's Germ in colony, numbering 30,000 In this area. • • • AS ELSEWHERE In South America, Chile is a melting pot, with strong Infusions from northern Europe. Indeed, if one excludes the Spanish and Indian types. It \tf virtually impossible anywhere on the continent to distinguish Sudamericanos from No'rteamerieanos. In their clothes, newspapers and other Important externals they resemble us. U. S. tourists will find none ot the antagonism that characterizes much of Europe. Valdlvlx., too, WM wher* 1 saw my first huaso (cowboy) when our LAN-Chile plane landed, literally but «moothly, in a meadow. A* horsemen th* huasoi are the equal of the gauchoi, If less celebrated in the movie*. They wear flat • topped sombrtroi, manias, roweled spurs, and •triking, hand-carved stirrups. A good woolen manta, which is a short poncho, «H» for |32. Despite the shattered econ- her* on* itort WM *«*r- •7jwi **j£|S *. ' '.'ij -. - ' &&&/*•*• Fishing en lake Teelee U* Semtoc. (A Panagra Photo) In a woman's swim suit for $33. We had flown to Santiago by Panagra, but cur trip through the rest of th* country wu made largely by a LAN-Chile DC-3, which can land smoothly la neadows, a* we did. At Pueon, on Lake VUlarica, a Czech named Willie Pollak runs * first-clan hotel, the Antumalal. In the lobby are photo-mural* ot Adlal Stevenson and Senator Barry Coldwater, who were guesU there last year. • • • NEAR OSORNO we stayed at the Puyehue, a mammoth notel where the mineral water Is piped Into th* room tap* and mud bath* are *n attraction for the rheumatic. A boat took u* over Lake Llanquihue to Petrohue ("hue" Is an Indian word meaning "place") and •« route w* passed Mount Tronador (Thun- derer), a mow-capped volcano. Then we transferred to an open-top bun tor a memorable crossing of the Ande» and the Continental Divide lnt» Argentina. En route the valleys are dotted with solitary custom* guard* who watch for cattle smuggler* from Argentina, Th* mountains and tha lakes art Chile's glory. Becs.ii** Chileans seem less Latin than their neighbors, they are sometime* known M th* Yankee* of South America. Sombreros, Incidentally, are a« scare* a* cowboy hats In the Waldorf Astoria. Other stereotype* are just u false. The people am not languid, because this part of th* world 1s not tropical. "Latin" America 1* a misnomer sine* most Chilean* bear about th* cam* relation to Spain that U. S. citizens do to England. Chilean business closes down for two and a half hours at midday, but the siesta for city dweller* has disappeared. One Santiagoan told me, "The only peopl* here who take • siesta now are thoe* in the U. S. Embassy!" •ONOUfiON

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