10 THE PAMPA UA1LV NEWS TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, Mfh imttjja AN FttlfilStmM NEWSPAPER , We believe that all men are equally endowed by their Creator, tnd not by any government, with the gift of ^freedom, afld that it is every mart's duty to Goa to preserve his of h liberty and respect the liberty of others. Freedom is self-control, ftu more, no less. To discharge this responsibility, free men, to the best of theif ability, must understand and apply to daily living the great moral guides expressed in the Ten Commandmants, the Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing information to our readers so that they can better promote and preserve their own freedom and encourage, others to see its blessings. For only when man understands Freedom and is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabllites ifl harmony with the above moral principles. SUBSCRIPTION RATE* By Carrier In Pampa, 35c per week, $4.60 per 3 montna, ifl.OO per ( months, SIS.OU per year. By mall paid In advance at office. $10.00 per year In retail trading stone. $15.00 per year outside retail trading *one. $1.26 per month, Price per single copy 5c dally. 15c Sunday. No mall order* accepted In localities served by carrier. Published dally except Saturday hy the Patnptl Dallv News, Atchison at Somervllle Pnmpa, Texas. Phone MO 4-2p26 all departments Entered us second class matter under the act of March 9. 1878. Support CROP Tonight Abroad in our city this evening will be a host of young people collecting money for the Christian Rural Overseas Program, an interdenominational activity to relieve the distress and suffering of peoples in other lands , . . particularly those outside the great urban areas. Several years ago, Mr. Frank Shaller, of Canadian, assumed the responsibility to kick - off the CROP program in the Top 0' Texas area and though other communities have given CROP support, Pampa's participation has been very modest at best. We trust tonight's Trick or Treaters on behalf of CROP will change this. ' We would, while urging contributions to CROP, also like to commend the Pampa Ministerial Alliance for their substitution of CROP for UNICE'F, a United Nations relief agency. To raise funds for dispensation in the name of Christian concern rather than government largess is an infinite improvement, not in degree, but in kind. The Ministerial Alliance deserves laudatory recognition for its splendid action. When a yotingster comes to your door this evening with the CROP identification badge, greet him warmly and dig deep into your purse. The cause is worthy of your support. Self-Assumed Cost A "kindness" which occurs at the expense of someone else cannot really qualify as a friendly action. That which is truly kind is always voluntary, and costs the doer. Break Up Monopoly The Federal Reserve System provides certain useful functions. As a national clearing house for credits and for checking accounts it renders a necessary service. As a stockpile!- of currency it can prevent a local run on a bank when individual, management goes to excess. There are, perhaps, a few marginal benefits beyond these. But when one is confronted with the mass : of evidence relating to the enormous power the Federal Reserve System grants to the government, its good features are quickly overbalanced by the dangers inherent in the system. A good friend of ours, M. C. Roberts of Clovis, New Mexico, has come forward with the suggestion that the bankers of America, were they freed from federal control, would be able to establish at least 50 clearing houses in the separate states, which clearing houses, combining thru a central office, would be able to provide all of the services presently provided by the Federal Reserve System, without the necessary risks involved in government control end manipulation of our medium of exchange. Mr. Roberts is correct. There is no reason whatever why men in the banking profession could not run their own business without government control and manipulation from the outside. We com"lend his suggestion for thoughtful appraisal. What many people do not seem to realize is the extent of the control government now has, by way of the federal banking system, over our currency and our credit. First of all, the Federal Reserve Board is appointed by the pesi- dent of the United States, t h e Senate concurring. These men are selected on the say-so of the president and may be discharged at the president's discretion. The power to appoint has traditionally carried with it the power to discharge. Arthur Morgan, first chairman of the TVA board (another appointive position which parallels the Federal Reserve Board) got into a squabble with Liliemhal and others on his board. He disagreed with the accounting practices of TVA which were (and are) essentially dishonest. The squabble reached such proportions that F.D.R. fired him for "contumacy." This bit of data may have an important bearing on the present situation in the Federal Reserve Board. The present chairman of the board of governors for the Federal Reserve System is William McC. Martin Jr. He is a presidential appointee. Martin has been unusually diligent in his duties and distrustful of the loose policies favored by the administration which policies In the past have always led to larger and larger inflation. Right now, he and Mr. Kennedy are at teggerhearls over the rediscount r$te. Martin wants to hold the line; Kennedy wants to expand credit, and go into a new round of inflation. Speculation is rife whether Martin will be able to hold his position or not. It is possible he will resign. It: is also possible he will not end will have to be forced out of office by presidential displeasure, Incidentally, Arthur Morgan, having been fired from the TVA board, appealed the case right to the Supreme Court. . .and .lost. There is no reason to suppose that Martin would fare any better in the event the Kennedy temper resulted in his ouster. What is important for us to realize is that the entire money system of the nation is geared to the Federal Reserve System and the system, is directly under the personal direction and supervision of the president of the United States. Some hold that the system is controlled by the bankers. It is not. It is a political tool, designed to be just that. It: has served during the years to bring on a loss of purchasing power to something better than 50 per cent of all dollars in circulation. This money monopoly of government should be broken up and the suggestion of Mr. Roberts is pertinent and timely. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Tuesday, Oct. 31, the 304th day of the year with 61 to follow in 1961. This is Halloween. The moon is in Us last quarter. The morning star is Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1864, Nevada was admitted to the Union as ihe 36th stale. In 1886. Nationalist Chinese President Chiang Kai - shek was born. In 1931, the Treasury Department announced that the financial condition of the nation was so grave that 522 banks had closed in that month. In 1948. (he Chinese Communists captured Mukden in Manchuria. In 1955, Princess Margaret announced that she would not marry RAF Capt. Peter Townsend because he was a divorced man. A thought for today: America's second president. John Adams, said: "The happiness of society is the end of government." Kite flying is the favorite sport on the Maldive Islands, a British- protected sultanate of the Indiand Ocean, Th© Nation's Press fHfe PENALTY FOR ILLUSION (The Wall Street Journal) The United Nations General Assembly will begin its meetings in the sober atmosphere generated by the death of Secretary- General HammarFkjhold. Whatever one's disagreements with him, he worked indefatigably, by his lights and within the strictures of his office, to ease the world's chronic troubles. Not the least tribute to him is that in doing so he carried the enmity of the Soviet Union. Yet Mr. Hammarskjold's death, however tragic, should not obscure the deeper crisis in which the United Nations finds itself; the symptoms may well start showing up in this session. In particular it is imperative for the United States to start facing the facts about the U.N., for t.h e U.N. is turning into a threat to U.S. interests. The organization was founded on the gigantic illusion that the Soviets would cooperate in the construction of a peaceful world. No sensible person could believe that myth for very long, but it has bedeviled the U.N. from 'the beginning. Today, moreover, other illusions have piled up in the East River edifice, and they too are potentially dangerous. There is, notably, what might be called the illusion of parity. According to this fantasy, every nation is the peer of every other nation; an African area with less people than a good - sized American city, and without even the minimum qualifications ^of nationhood, has just as much voting power as the U.S. S u c h an approach to world problems has no basis in fact. In the real world, a nation must earn the right to influence international affairs. It may do so by coercive development and brute force, as in the Soviet Union; or it may do so by free economic and spiritual development, as in the American tradition. Buf in any case, a nation should not become an arbiter of world events simply by proclaiming itself a nation. The practical consequences of upside-down thinking about the U.N. are rapidly becoming clear. For one, the U.S. gets swept into — and must bear the financial burden for — enterprises of questionable merit. Is it in the U.S. interest for the U.N. to attack pro ..Western Katanga, which incidentally was not about to attack the central Congolese government? Is it in the U.S. interest to have pro - Communists cropping up in responsible positions in the Congo? More basicially, there is the ugly situation confronting the U.S. in the General Assembly. For years we enjoyed an almost automatic majority in these deliberations; today, with the influx of all these newly - independent nations, with their professedly neutralist stance, we are increasingly in danger of being in an almost automatic minor- ily. The most striking current illustration is Washington's confession that it can no longer be sure of staving off discussion of the admission of Communist China. Suppose that in due course the Assembly votes that regime in; what then does the U.S. do? How much good is a Security Council veto if the weight of Assembly "opinion" is against the U.S. Or to consider the even more immediate question of a successor to M*. Hnmmarskjold, what guarantee can there be that the new Secretary - General will be tolerable to the U.S., or that under his aegis we will not be pulled into still worse adventures? In its present frame of mind, the U.S. Government might not even veto the recommendation of some neutralist or worse for the post. It is not difficult to foresee many other situations where the U. N. can menace U. S. interests. With such a prospect, the U.S. in time may well be forced to consider whether it can remain in the organization. Short of that the U.S. must, we believe, begin refashioning its thinking about the U.N. It must seek to effect its objectives, and it must steer clear of U.N. activities counter to those objectives. The U.S. must finally abandon any sentimental notion of the U.N. as an inherently noble institution to which we are committed no matter what. In this connection, it wouldn't be a bad idea for the schools to stop teaching our children to believe in that falsehood. What matters is the preservation of the United States, not the United Nations. If the two are becoming Irreconcilable, we had better realize it. In the real world of power politics, the penalty is heavy for building a storehouse of illusions. Headless Horseman Allen - Scott Report: Senate Subcommittee Reveals State Dept. Censorship of Speech by Admiral Burke WASHINGTON - Senators investigating the censoring of speeches by ; military leaders believe they have hit some real pay dirt. Following a trail leading from the Pentagon to the State Department, the Senate Armed Service Preparedness Subcommittee prob- ers have turned up some foreboding incidents of censorship including the barring of a controversial speech by a ; former member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. For. instance, they have gathered evidence that the State Department censors headed by Assistant Secretary Roger Tubby penciled out of all military speeches any direct attack on Soviet Premier Khrushchev during the first five months of ,lhe Kennedy Administration. One of Tubby's censors even went so far as to delete from a speech the reference to Khrushchev's banging his shoe on the table during the United Nations session. In the introduction of another proposed speech the submitting military officer included a reference to the Khrushchev quotation. "We will bury you." The quotation was not deleted but the censor penciled in the margin: "He has denied that he meant this literally."' Subcommittee invest igators headed by Senator John Stennis, D. Miss., and Senator Strom Thurmond, D! S.C., have obtained a copy of the hard-hitting, anti- Communist speech that Admiral Arleigh Burke, out • spoken former Chief of Naval Operations, was never permitted to deliver. Entitled the "Silver Quill," the controversial speech was to have been given by Admiral Burke at a January 27 dinner here sponsored by the National Business Publications. The speech was ruled out by President Kennedy after Admiral Burke, now retired, took the address directly to the White House when the State Department flatly refused to clear it. After reading it, the President told Admiral Burke: "While I agree with about everything you have in this speech, I'm going to ask you not to give it. Secretary Rusk and his experts on Russia are opposed to it's being delivered at this time. They say it will upset relations." Accepting the President's decision, Admiral Burke returned to the Pentagon and stuck the speech back in his Navy files. It stayed there until this month when a Navy official, sending some material to the subcommittee, included the "Silver Quill" by mistake, THE SPEECH —Scheduled to be published by the Stennis subcommittee at next month's public hearings, the highlights of the undelivered speech include: U.S. vs. SOVIET POWER: "Sould the Soviet Union start a war there is nothing — absolutely nothing — she could do to prevent her destruction. W.e know this and so do the Russians. "Right now — tonight — somewhere in the vast reaches of the ocean — PATRICK HENRY — a nuclear powered Polaris subma* rine is on station. I do not know exactly where PATRICK HENRY is — but I have the means of finding out. The important thing is the Communists do not know where PATRICK HENRY is-and they do not have the means of finding out. "The PATRICK HENRY is ready to destroy 16 vital Russian targets should the Soviet Union launch in attack upon us. When Hankerings the GEORGE WASHINGTON and the ROBERT E. LEE slip beneath the surface in a few days — '48 targets will be lined up. This is only one reason why I believe there will not be a general nuclear war, U.S. LEADERSHIP: "We have no reason to fear anyone. We have no reason to be indecisive —to falter—to lack confidence— for we are the most powerful nation in the world. Why should we let our national will be undermined by the unjustified weakness of a few voluble people, who shamefully proclaim they would rather be — red than dead. . "The U.S. should assure t h e world that it intends to stand for what we believe to be right — unpopular "though this stand may be. . .But most of «11 we must guard against compromise — for there can be no compromise with what is right. The moral fiber of a nation is meavsured by its willingness to stand for what 'it believes to be right." PREMIER KHRUSHCHEV: "We are dealing with a fanatic- godless — unprincipled individual who uses —and will continue to use — every deceit — every un ethical trick in order to achieve his ends." CUBA & CASTRO: "The Com munists have taken over in Cuba . . .We. failed to tench the Cuban the basic responsibilities of democracy. Perhaps we gave too much of material things — t o _ little of the moral — the spiritual strength of our national character. Castro is teaching his people to hate — to hate the Yanqui — to hate us. He teaches vilification, scorn, deceit. He has sold his soul. "Much of the trouble we see in Latin America is caused by Castro's agents preaching hatred and creating unrest. The U.S. cannot ignore all of his subversion. We cannot put these problems on the shelf — to be decided at some future time convenient to us. "The U.S. must decide now what we as a nation are going to do about Africa and Cuba. We must convince other people—other nations of the necessity for action —for lack of action will mean the loss of part of our own freedom. AFRICA: "The African giant is stirring. Millions of'people in Africa are shouting for independence —without really knowing what independence means. Some of these people do not understand that with independence — with freedom — go responsibilities — responsibilities of a nation to its own people and to other nations. Many have'not seen the sacrifice —the hardship—the work through which freedom is won. They have seen only the benefits of freedom. SOUTHEAST ASIA: "The world is seething — there is confusion and turmoil. The destructive forces of Communism are tearing at Southeast Asia. Currently—the small country of Laos is feeling the effects of Communist treachery. It is important to the Laotians — important to the U.S. that Laos, retains her freedom." OCR ANCESTORS By MENftV McLEMORE If you think American TV is bad, then you should spend a while in Europe and watch what is fed the viewers of the Old World. After a month of watching the stuff in, say, Italy, and the most violent anti-violence crusader in the U.S. would beg for a few shootings, beatings, and black- jackings just to keep him from Falling asleep and toppling from Ilis chair. . \ Conversation is the backbone of European television. Turn on a set at any hour of the day and it's-1 to 100 that the picture will be of two or more people talking, There's no action whatever save the moving of the jaws of the talkers. The tajk goes on forever. It is not unusual for two men, usuallv standing face to face, to talk for a full thirty minutes 4 without a break. But when the break comes, it's a long one. The European stations like to present their commercials all at one time. A typ ical commercial will open with a spiel for chocolate candy, and this will be followed by a d play of washing machines, and after ihe Washing machines you have a ten-minute "ride" in a car. Then, with nothing in between, there will be a demonstration of a wonder washing powder, sixteen endorsements of a brand of canned milk, and after that the virtues of such varied articles as cheese, luggage, watches, work clothes, soft drinks, and bedroom slippers will be extolled. When the commercials finally come to an end, it is better than even money that someone will start talking again. English TV is a great haven for talkers, too. The BBC, which is as non-violent as American TV is violent, is dominated by scholars. A scholar,, it seems, is welcome on the BBC at any time, no matter his subject. Authorities talk for great length on cave drawings, the habits of butterflies, the formation of the earth's core, the boyhood of Bee- 'thoven, the mating cycle of the water buffalo, and the history of covered bridges. Two or three hours of this and one can't help but wish that a rock 'n' roller would come busting in, or that a private eye would have a slug put in him, or that a sheriff would put some daylight in half a dozen bad men. The liveliest thing on European TV is sports. Europeans live on sports, much more than we do in America. Bicycle racing is extremely popular, and when a six- day race is on European TV does its best to show all six days. To the average American, four days of steady bicycling is more than enough. European TV also features a very calming feature called' the Interlude. Right in the middle of a program the Interlude will come on. As a rule, it shows one scene, and one scene only. Sometimes this will be a meadowful of cows grazing away. At others it will be a waterfall waterfalling for ten minutes. This is done to rest the eyes and mind. It's great to be back with American TV. The shooting and shouting may be bad for one, but it keeps one awake. I'll take a gun duel over a professor talking on Aztec etchings, any day. "I don't care what histori.ans will say! Now that fun's over, take out that gold spike and put in a regular nail I" Edson In Washington Headache For Pentagon•• Missile Sub Defense Plan By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - De-, weapons. The subs must surfal fense men aren't doing much talk- J to fire. , \ but the biggest danger de- ing veloping in the defense of the United States is not the Russian intercontinental ballistic missile, but pur continued shockingly weak defenses against Soviet missile subs. Despite the quarter billionrdol- lars a year now being poured into antisubmarine warfare research and development, and several billions additional going into : actual antisubmarine; defenses annually, Naval officers admit it is exceedingly difficult to detect even conventional Russian submarines at a distance. ' Worse yet, it is still virtually impossible for United States defense to detect, relatively noiseless modern atom-powered submarines that are not c 1 o s e at hand. . . , , If a defender is lucky enough to sight an atomic sub some miles away, he's apt to lose him But when Khrushchev develol an atom-powered submarine ctl rying 1,500-mile missiles, he vi| be able to blast almost any po.l in the U.S at will with R el subs off the Atlantic, -Pacific a( Gulf coasts. The 'submarines can lie s u UiTTi-l to the hounds isn't sup» posed to be quit? the some os to the dogs. *«*• id For A Smile MAYBE HIGHWAYS A R B CALLED TRAFFIC ARTERIES B R C A U S E OF THE BLOOD S P I L L E D ON THEM THESE DAYS, .-O— The artist had just set up h)« easel when a grizzled old mountaineer happened to come up the roaU. Artist — I'll give you five dollars It you'll let me paint you. The mountaineer shifted his chew back and forth and appeared to be thinking it over. Artist — It's easy money. Mountaineer — No question 'bout that, 1 was just a wondering how to get all that paint off afterward N'urs* — What"are you ehlldr*n doing? Jack — We're playing church. Nurse—But worshipers shouldn't whisper in church. Mary — Oh, we're the choir. Pokey Cab Driver (to obviously nervou* passenger:) — Now don't you worry about that plane. It never leaves on time. Passenger — Well, it's bound to be late this morning, I'm the pilot. 0 Cynthia — Oh. Lemuel, you'r. just awful. Toui In there reading your old newspaper and n<n paying any attention to me. You d on. 't treat me the way you used to. Tou don't love ma any more. Lemuel — Nonsense. Cynthia! 1 lov* you more than ever. 1 worship the ground you walk on. Your every wish will be my command. Now for Gawsakes shut up and let me read the funnies _O_ A. Russian is a man who tit* on nothing — and dauce*!! The girl the magician used t« •aw in half Is now located in Seat- getting within striking before range. Scientists working on the program report that no breakthroughs are in sight. You can discount reports of great new developments. Progress, actually, is painfully slow. U.S. military men now believe the development of long - range Polaris-type submarines are a Khrushchev top priority. Thus far, he's had some bad luck in trying to mate a submarine and a l,000-to-l,500-mile missile that could be fired underwater. , • • '; • .; ;•-; But there is no doubt in the Pentagon that Khrushchev's difficulties are temporary. Khrushchev is known to be working on some technically well thought out medium-range missile suitable for firing underwater from submarines. He's known to have developed several atom • powered submarines, now being tested for efficiency. The mating of the missiles and the submarines should be accomplished within a year or two — or three. , • Right now, it's understood that of Khrushchev's 450 submarines, only a dozen or so are set up for firing missiles. These are armed with short-range, 200-300 - mile merged and undetectable, 300 500 miles offshore. Because so many American m| itary targets are close to t'f ocean, Soviet submarines will ; able to stand as far as IJOOO mi|| off the U.S. By coming in closer, close the coast, the Red subs will able to fire their missiles at ne by targets with nearly flat tj! jectories. That is, the missij would "fly" so close to the grouf that U.S. missile defense;warn systems would not be able, "see" these missiles in flights) The antimissile missiles t U.S. is "developing would not able to handle ^suoh low - flyii] targets*^" *•'* *! $' ° * ?' .- .* ] These missiles, fired over su<j short distances r- .800 to ,1;! miles as contrasted with the 6,0fj mile ICBMs —-would arrive their, destination so quickly th, wouldn't be time' for the defer to react. The botanist who classiv fied ragweed couldn't have! i been a hay fever sufferer. '. He lumped ragweeds into a i group he .called "ambrosia," "| According.to the dictionary;, ambrosia is anything exquU sitely gratifying in taste or scent. Watery-eyed sneezers find nothing "ambrosial" about the weed that's the hane of their existence. Corps' Head Answer to Previou* PuzzI* ACROSS 1 U.S. official, Roberts. 8 He heads the Corps 13 Lionlike 14 Bow's missile 15 Boy's name 16 Baseball immortal 17 Hindu queen 18 Mental state 20 Evaluate 21 Evergreen 22 Female rabbit 23 Closed car 26 Approval SOWinglike 31 Armed conflicts 32 Fish eggs 33 Devotee 34 Proportion 35 Sting 36 Increases depth 38 Flaxen cloth 39 Brew 40 Nocturnal mammal 41 Cached 44 Her— -s President Kennedy 48 Asylum 49 Art (Latin) 50 Scottish sally ax4 51 About 52 Get ready 64 Emporiums $9 Dispatches sgain DOWN J Slender 2 Demigod 3 Bellow 4 Preposition 5 Musical i Penetrate Rot by exposure .•j Preachers 9 Expunges 10 English composer 11 Mine shaft huts 12 Female sheep (pi.) 19 Far off 20 Idolize 23 Voiced 24 Otherwise 25 Palm fruit 26 Felines 27 Ireland 28 Memorandum 29 Adolescent 31 Diminished araia • moosei CJEI taraaao Er iaaa i i acsaa • aaa m HQGUH asaa • aarj • aauQ 34 Softens 35 Morsel; 37 Father 38 Girls 40 Town in Massachusetts 41 Feigned 43 Above 45 Persia 46 Chalcedony 47 Golfers'deviot 49 Month (ab.) 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