- e *- -•* i i " «"vy jsfas. fttfi PAMf A DAILY NEWS, P§ffii>§, f«ifti MOtitUY AfML.2fc, FAMPA BA1LY NEWS t. **cept Saturday, tad Snndiy * D*flt Nc*«, «22 WMt Fotttr r«*u. . *. i , tnotti 660 — AU department*. . I. ttOKS, G*h. Met. TB? DE WEESE, Editor BflMfefift Of tHE ASSOCIATED PRESS (full Lcued VIH). Th« Associated Pr**« Is excltulvely entitled to thi tt»* for pnblfcalfon of all new» dtapatches credited fe It at not otherwise credited to thl» paper and alto nil Ktnlar newi published heroin. Entered at second ela«» matter March 16, at the po«t- 6fflc< at PaSip*, Texas tinder the act of March Srd, 1879. National Advertising Representative*: Texu Dolly Press Ltftgtt*, Me* York, St. Louis, Kansas City, Lo» Angelet, San Francisco and Chicago. SUBSCRIPTION RATES— By carrier. 16c per week; 18.60 for 6 months. By mall payable In advance in Gray and Adjoining Counties, $5.00 per year, (2.76 per 6 ifabnths, BOe per month ; outside Gray and Adjoining Counties. $7.00 per year, 18.76 per 6 months, 76c per month. Price per single copy 6c. An Independent Democratic newspaper, publishing the news fairly and Impartially at all times and supporting In Ita editorial columns the principles which it believes to be right and opposing those question which It believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics. WE THE PEOPLE There is a good deal to be said for the Iowa farmer who heaved a dead skunk Into the state capitol at Des Molnes to show his disapproval of a law recently passed created a closed season for these pungent little animals. Not that people ought to go around tossing dead skunks into legislative chambers. Not that a closed season on skunks may not be a very good thing indeed. But just because there Is an up-from-the-grass-roots independence about this sort of thing that stems directly from the finest traditions of American democracy. The citizens of a democracy must have a number of qualities in order to make their democracy work as it ought to. and one of the greatest of these is a spirit of irascible independence. As long as they have that spirit, their officeholders arc never in any danger of forgetting who is really boss in the republic; and if the spirit occasionally- ;pads to skunk-throwing, it is an excess that can be forgiven. Consider the case of this angry lowan, for example. He raises pheasants, and the skunk is a natural enemy of the pheasant. Here is the way the lowan explains himself: "Your silly Senate passed a bill yesterday putting a closed season on skunks in my county. Last night a skunk got at my coops and killed eight pheasants and three chickens. I killed him this morning. And the next time a skunk gets any of my pheasants I'm going to kill him and bring him down and toss him in the middle of the damn Senate." Shakespeare once mentioned, as one of the crosses suffering man has to bear, "the insolence of office." We Americans know all about that, for somehow we do seem to have a way of breeding officeholders who are insolent beyond Shakespearels most pessimistic dreams. But democracy always has the remedy at hand, if it is only brash and forthright enough to use it. The Iowa farmer, with his dead skunk and his uncultured language, had the right idea. Such things may disturb orderly souls, but they are healthy signs. The grandest words in the Constitution of the United States are the first three— "We, the People." That tells where the sovereignty resides. It is good to have officeholders reminded of it now and then. For that sort of thing is the final and invulnerable defense against misgovernment and dictatorship. A nation which can toss 'skunks at its legislators may have its faults, but it is in no danger of losing its liberties. For in such a nation, "we, the people" are perfectly well aware who is boss.' WASHINGTON LETTER By KIRKE SIMPSON WASHINGTON—If reiteration lends authority to any statement, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes even now may have realized his most fondly held ambition. He may feel with assurance, that he has carved a place for his name in American annals beside that of John Marshall. And that, for the seven years of his chief justiceship, has been the star lo which his wagon was hitched if observant bystanders have read him a-right. At 75, then, Mr. Hughes stands on the pinnacle of his dreams. In his ears the plaudits of his countrymen, liberals and conservatives alike, still thunder at his attainment of that j;h.ree-quarter-century mark. From his pen has flowed a judgement opening a new and wide door to the making of abiding national social and economic policy. The powerful persuasiveness of his logic at the Supreme Court conference table has broken through a bitter deadlock to give that judgement life by majority concurrence. What more is there in public life toward which he could aspire? Accept that estimate of Mr. Hughes' most intimate thoughts—and it is an estimate very widely accepted—and what follows? As night follows day, it would follow that the chief justice could conclude his long public career at the end of this term of court and step off 'the bench. It would cause small surprise among men who have known him long and well if such a decision has been reached in his own mind. None can read the Hughes opinion in the steel case of the Wagner act group and not sense the feeling of its author that it was destined to make history. It is hailed by labor as a great charter of liberty for workers, a companion piece for labor of the bill of individual rights written into the constitution at its adoption. Employer spokesmen see it as arming government with as yet unexplored authority by which to still industrial strife and let loose vast dammed-up forces of production and plenty. That is their consolation for the present "one-sidedness" of the Wagner act sustained by the court. * * * Ppes Mr. Hughes see all that in the new con- stjtutipnal construction • he has promulgated? H£ embpdled anew in that opinion, as a "duty" of the gourt, a rule of construction to , not to de.stroy. policy making legislation, has seemed to, shine through much he written or concurred In as New Peal meas- TflPJfii The Metropolitan Opera Company of NeW York has Just finished a spring tour out into the provinces, and from all accounts it did very well by itself indeed, according to reports filtering through to Pampa from the East. . . Boston turned out en masse, to prove that the fabled culture of the Back Bay has not yet been dimmed. Cleveland sent upward of 60.000 people through the gate in one week. Rochester took on a one-night stand and gave opera a sell-out. And the Met is back home now, having done its best to spread capital-A Art across a delightfully lowbrow land. The only point still at issue is the question how long it will take the cities which have just had their fling at grand opera to get back to normal. . . . For when all the fine talk about great music, culture, high art, and all the rest has been said, the sad fact remains that grand opera is ideally designed to give its best American patron a terrible beating. Consider what the Americano is up against when he decides to take in a bit of opera. . . . First of all, he is under a strong moral compulsion to dress up to the hilt. He is subtly made to feel that if he does not appear in full evening regalia he is a moral leper and a lost soul; and while the American is a noble and a sturdy creature, there is something about a clawhammer coat and a boiled shirt that puts the iron deep into his soul. So, all dressed up and muttering in his beard about it, he sallies forth. He pays eight or ten dollars, hard cash, for two tickets, and finds himself seated in row Q, up in the balcony, a good brassie shot from the stage. Disposing himself as comfortably as he can, he meekly awaits developments. . . . And what happens? There unrolls before him something which is neither pure drama nor pure music but an amalgam of both—something which absolutely nothing in his education or his background enables him to appreciate. The proceedings are veiled in a foreign tongue, so that never at any moment does he have more than the foggiest notion of what is going on. He gets moments of noble music, to be sure; but he also gets many, many moments of acute and miserable boredom. ... He emerges, at last, conscious of having done a hard job well. Next day he looks at his newspaper to find out what the score was. There he encounters a column and a half about the "brilliance" of the social spectacle, together with all the intimate details about the costumes and coiffures of all the town's wealthiest women. We remember our first opera. ... It was H Trovatore. . . . That was the time our companion was an Italian friend, taken along to keep us posted on what the score was. . . . It, too, was a stuffed shirt affair. . . . You know, if you have on a stiff front and a collar that gags you through the first act, by the time you get to the last act you are in such misery that there isn't a ghost of a chance left of appreciating anything except that the time is coming when soon you can get home and get your harness off. . . .A ritzy opera audience always reminded us of a horse show. Add this all together, and Mr. Average American is not likely to feel that he Is missing much by living without grand opera. And if he consoles himself by sneaking off to a movie to see Jean Harlow, who can blame him? Grand opera will never take root in this country until it alights rrom its high horse. . . . If it can lay aside its ermine wrap, its white tie, its high-societly "brilliance," and talk American, it may reach the stage of self-support. . . . Until it does, the masses will continue to pass it up. Saturday night we hearer talk of plans for a local Gridiron Banquet at which prominent Pampans will be put on the griddle and be baked to a frazzle. . . . Here's hoping the idea doesn't fall through. ... It has wonderful possibilities. ... In fact, we'd like now to put in a bid to assist in writing some of the sketches. . . . Already we have a couple of dandies in mind. . . . It's a lead-pipe cinch the Gridiron Banquet worker-uppers will have plenty of material on which to dwell. Yesteryear In Pampa TEN YEARS AGO TODAY The City council approved the purchase of an American-LaFrance fire truck, a 750-gallon pumper. Cost of the truck was $12,000. * * * A paving job was ready to be started on North Cuyler, beginning at Francis, and Indian Jim, who held a record of 64,644 bricks laid down in 7 hours, 48 minutes, was to be the hero of the occasion, a front-page boxed story in the News announced. FIVE YEARS AGO TODAY Workmen were pouring concrete for the overhead bridge on South Barnes. Bids were to be asked soon for the construction of the Forth Worth & Denver station, which was to be built in Tenacre addition, * * * Sheriff Lon Blanscet was to outline plans for Pampa's First Annual Frontier Days celebration, scheduled for May 26, 27, 28, at a joint meeting of Junior Chamber of Commerce and BCD members, and committee chairmen. ures have flowed before the high bench. In a sense this opinion is a summation of all he has said before. It brings the expression of his appraisal of the meaning of the constitution to a climax. Read it that way, and word that the chief justice was to step out would come as a dramatic gesture isymbollzing the completion of his life work. [There would be few churlish tongues to begrudge him fame. CARRYING THE GOOD NEWS Y Copyright, 1637, NBA Man About Manhattan By GEORGE TUCKER NEW YORK — Be advised by Signore Silvani—well, make it just Charlie of the Ritz—people aren't worrying very much any more. Gazing shrewdly at his wine-glass barometer, which to him is better than any crystal ball, he gauged the current crop of diners-out and launched into a favorite topic. Intoned this premire maitre d'hotel: People used to come into dining rooms with their evenings ruined before it started. They were in too big a hurry. They'd toss of a big drink, order a big meal and hurry through it; rush off to the theater, arrive late; then go somewhere else in a hurry. Naturally they didn't enjoy life so much. But now— Charles shrugged and smiled widely. "Well, they're learning how to eat and drink. If they want to go to the theater, they order less food and eat it sensibly. They're learning to drink wine. I mean all types of people, not just those who have had training in the manner of pleasant living. And they're enjoying what they eat, too." And about the young folk, Charles says, "There was a time when they'd come in and get awfully drunk. Now lots of them order only a sherry before dinner. They're becoming more dignified." This man who has been head waiter for 18 years, who has served the great and near great here and in Europe, has one bit of advice which he says can be applied not only to dining but to almost everything else. It's "take your time," and if you don't have much time, "eat less." Another factor in the increase of what he called "the art of learning to dine and wine well" was the passing of prohibition. "More people eat out now, more people give parties at various places other than homes, than they used to. That's because they don't have to be furtive about their drinking." There's more wine consumed now, he says, because people are taking advantage of their leisure tours to engage in quiet instead of robust drinking. And more older people are dancing than there were a few years ago,' Charles points out. "That's because they're less hurried and harried. They aren't worrying as much as they used to." Time was when park sleepers were hauled into the courts by the dozens, but the cops don't bother with them much any more. Not that it was ever against the law to sleep on park benches in New York—it isn't. But they think it undignified for a man to clutter up a park bench after 7 a. m. When you slumber al fresco in this town you're supposed to get up with the sparrows. They're making a picture of Manhattan night life now called "52nd Street." That's the local Rue de Sbmething-or-other where most of the night clubs are congregated. — '• •« .— DAIRY SHOW CLOSES PLAINVIEW, .April 26 (IP)— A parade of the winning cattle through downtown streets Saturday brought to an official close the tenth annual Panhandle-Plains Dairy show. A gain in average production and general herd improvement were noted by association officials, fulfilling the purpose of the dairy show. A movement toward the development of the dairy industry was started after last night's annual meeting when a group of breeders and dairy experts inaugurated a herd, improvement program, People You Know By ARCHER FULLINGIM The following paragraphs appeared recently in Olin E. Hinkle's column in the Lexington (Ky.) Herald: •Sklppy, He's Dead. Skippy, hitherto called "The Family Pup" in this column, departed this life about 3:30 p. m. Saturday—another vicitim of automobile traffic. Death, apparently was instantaneous. He was 3 years and two months old, a Boston terrier. Sfcippy was known to thousands in several states, for he had been a column "character" almost since birth. He adorned Christmas cards and had his picture in the papers several times. Many thought him an imaginary character, but he was 15 pounds ol energy, affection, bark, and canine courage. He preferred to fight with Chows, but his favorite pastime was chasing bicycles, a sport in which he refused to be discouraged. He had many "fans" who wrote him letters and sent presents. When he was lost on suspicion of kidnaping it was a neighborhood crisis. He showed up wearing pink toe-nails —a sissy pup with an apologetic look as if admitting the fact. Skippy lived through numerous accidents and « siege of strychnine poisoning. A moderern creature, he departed this dog's life in a modern way—as a canine statistic in the/ figures on traffic accidents. It's hard to imagine his wiry form stilled, but when we reached him he was very, very dead. AROUND HOLLYWOOD By ROBBIN COONS HOLLYWOOD—Games may come and games may go In Hollywood, but the indoor sport that has lasted nearly a year is film-casting for "Gone With The Wind." Joining in, we'll string along with Miriam Hopkins for that vivid Scarlett O'Hara role. Of all the reigning film actresses suggested for the part, Miriam hits me as the girl most suit ed in every respect. I seem to have a lot of company in that choice, for the fans—who have taken a hand in casting on this film more than on any other in years —have shown a decided preference for an O'Hara-Hopkins merger. Looking back over the Hopkins screen accomplishments to date, you can see why the fans see her as Scarlett. Perhaps the principal.trea- son for a Hopkins prejudice is what Miriam did with "Becky Sharp." More than one critic has suggested that Scarlett has in her something of the famous Becky, while Melanie, gentle soul, at times fairly cries her kinship to Amelia Sedley of the Thackeray novel. Convincing Actress I thought Miss Hopkins' Becky most creditable, and she has given, in that and other films, abundant proofs of her claims as an actress. In "Becky Sharp" our Scarlett nominee ran the well-known gamut. As flirt, coy vixen, dominant female, dejected victim of misfortune, she was equally convincing, I thought. Miss Hopkins can be hard and ruthless (as In "Beck Sharp" and "Barbary Coast") and she can be utterly feminine and soft (as in "All of Me," portions of "Barbary Coast," and those sections of "The 'Smiling Lieutenant" in which she was not engrossed in comedy)', Scarlett must be all of these and more— and I think Miriam can give the more. Another Hopkins ypte-igetter opt tp How's Your Health? Edited by DR. IAGO GALDSTON . for the New York Academy of Medicine MAGIC AND MEDICINE. Modern science nas taught us to expect nothing to happen without efficient cause. This has spared us the nightmare of innumerable superstitions which troubled our forefathers. However, the lessons of modern science are not easy to grasp. When half digested, modern science engenders as many confusions of the mind as did the old wives' tales of former times. Consider the dictum "nothing happens without efficient cause." What is efficient cause? In the purely mechanical world, the meaning of efficient cause is not difficult to visualize and grasp. To move a body calls for the expenditure of a certain amount of force. That's simple. But, when we turn from the inanimate subjects to living beings, the meaning of efficient cause becomes difficult to understand. A person receives a letter containing disturbing news, his blood pressure goes up, he turns .pale, his pupils dilate, the rhythm of his respiratory and digestive systems is disturbed, and so on. May we then say the letter, or its bad news, was the efficient cause of all these changes? Hardly. Another person, more stoical in temper, may receive such bad news and remain unmoved. Still another will go out and get drunk. An infinitesimal amount of a drug administered to a sick person (endocrine substances or vitamins) will serve to bring him back to health. A minute quantity of hydrocyanic poison or botulinus toxin will promptly kill a healthy man. These are efficient causes, but not in the same sense that efficient causes are witnessed operating in the simpler world of inanimate matter. All of which is .pertinent to many phases of the practice of medicine, potably to psychotherapy. It is true, nothing happens without efficient cause, but the so-called cause, at least in^tlie realm of living things, seldom',,b'Mrs a direct (mechanistic) relajicilV^Eo, or is the equivalent of, the effects produced. That is how me can account for or rationalize the almost' miraculous results of seemingly trivial gestures which we witness daily. For instance, the immediate improvement witnessed in the patient who has .been assured by his physi9ia v n that he hasn't heart disease, a gastric-ulcer, cancer, or any of the other serious conditions that he fears. be discounted is nin^CJeorgia origin, which means not -only that she knows first-hand what "Gone With the Wind" is about, but that she won't have to strive too hard to recapture her southern accent. (After hearing what Bette Davis did in the Cockney accent line, I'm not sure she couldn't do as well by su'the'n talk too, but that would have to be demonstrated. And Bette probably could not be borrowed from Warner's anyhow.) As for Rhett Butler, it looks like Clark Gable no matter what anyone can say or do about it. That is a sort of "by popular demand" vote. And Melanie — there's nobody who could play Melanie like Helen Hays, unless Selznlck turn's up a surprise stunt like casting his scarcely tried discovery, little Margaret Tallichet. I thing Margaret, who a short time ago was tapping typewriter keys in a studio office, looks the part. But whether she can act—we'd have to see. . '... ...ma. .... .v India is ^he source of mviQh .of the world's supply pf short staple cotton. B,artow Smith T. lives in Qpeitka, ' KNOW TOXAS AND TEXANS WILL £L In this column answers will b« ri»sn to matters pertaining to tn* 8tat« and Ita people. As trident* of good faith Inquirers must give their names and addresses, but only their Initials will be printed. Address inquiries to Will H. Harts, Auitln, T«a». Q. Are most Texas cities operating under the city manager form of government? A. No, only about forty, the others having the aldermanlc or city council forms of government. Q. How rrtany and what main groups of Indians were in Texas when the white men came into the country? A. There were five main groups in the Province of Texas. The Caran- cawas and related tribes, strong in physique, lowest in intelligence and morals, cannibals, living on the coast; the Apaches, in the southwest, fierce, nomadic warriors and robbers, around Ooliad and Bexar; the Ton- kawas and related tribes, raiders, but amenable to civilization, along the upper Trinity and Brazos; the Com- anches, a powerful confederation of Bubtribes, superior in intelligence to most, but irresponsible; the Tejas or Hasanals, -more 1 friendly, village dwellers, of the wooded sections of east and north Texas. Q. When did Gov. Richard Coke becomo- a United States Senator and what had been his previous official record? A. Richard Coke resigned the office of governor of Texas in December, 1876, to become Senator. He came to Texas from Virginia in October, 1850, and located at Waco. He was appointed district Judge in 1865 and in 1866 was elected associate Justice of the supreme court; became governor, Jan. 15, 1874, and on the adoption of the Texas constitution of 1876, changing the term of office from four to two years, was reelected. Q. Who was the first chaplain of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas? A. Rev. Littleton Fowler, a Methodist minister, who had been sent to Texas as a missionary in 1837 by the Mississippi Methodist Conference. CENTENNIAL SONG BOOK In the homes, In the schools, In public gatherings of all kinds, Texana are singing the best known typical songs of Texas—songs of the range, songs of the Texas home, patriotic songs—songs every Texan should know and delight In singing. Twenty-eight of the best songa sung in Texas have been carefully selected by competent musicians, set to music, and published in a 80 page, 6 by 9, booklet on heavy coated paper with covers In colors. The booklet wtJr T« mailed postpaid for 26 cents. Send all orders to Will H. Maycs, Austin,- Texas. So They Say: There is great need of a federal appropriation of large proportions to help education in the United States. — JEROME DAVIS, president, American Federation of Teachers. The cost of the care of the insane is mounting so rapidly that it is enough to make the sane insane. I think we are crazy to tax ourselves to keep alive the incurably insane. —REV. C. F. POTTER, founder, Humanist Society of New York, recommending "mercy" deaths. The challenge is upon us as a people to realize that laws .cannot be wisely construed nor effectively enforced without the assistance, understanding, sympathy and co-operation of the people. —SECRETARY OF COMMERCE D. C. ROPER. Every time Britain shows fear it invites another kick in the pants. —COL. J. WEDGWOOD, M. P., commenting on the British policy in Spain. If academic decisons are to be influenced by the fear of their being misinterpreted as interference with academic freedom, then academic freedom itself disappears. —PRESIDENT CONANT OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. This, That:, fcht) Everything BY WlLtiAM tttSLEf OLAftk, A person of some expfefl6nc£ In dealing with various business firms declares that it does not pay to talk your plans over or even mention the nature of your business to a Secretary or associate of the main office. See the head man' or else talk to nobody. He told me about an interview he once had with the office helper when trying f to put over ah Important deal with a certain' firm. He said, "I sold him nothing, not because the hiatt f wanted to see did not care fof my product, but because the assistant was so dogmatically sure that his boss did not want my stuff." Office helpers may feel that they are helping their superior 'in .business by protecting him from the sales talk of many wouldrbe interviewers by side-tracking them front a personal contact. However," It should also be remembered by such conscientious assistants that their acts may hinder more than- Kelp. READING And Writing By BR.UCE CATTON "The Gaudy Empire," by Alfred Neumann (Knopf: $2.76), is a meaty, detailed, and eminently satisfying novel about one of the queerest dictatorships that long-suffering Europe ever saw—that of Napoledn III, who ruled France under the second empire from the early 1850's until Bismarck and the Prussians Jarred his throne to pieces in 1870. The whole business looks stagy and unreal, from this distance, This hand-me-down Napoleon was not in the modern dictator's tradition. He neither glared nor orated; his eyes did not pop out nor did his lower jaw jut forward truculently. Instead he was quiet (too quiet), soft-spoken; a conniver and a fixer instead of a driver. He conspired his way to the throne and he conspired in the art of government thereafter, fooling the sainted Eugenie, his wife, a long succession of mistresses, and all of his cabinet forever after. And at last he conspired himself and his country ' into such a mess that the French, who had never even taken him seriously enough to revolt against him —quietly slid him off their collective back. Mr. Neumann paints his picture of this man and this time on an all- inclusive scale. Nothing left but. Napoleon is there, and Bismarck, and Cavour and Garibaldi and the youthful Clemenceau, and 'the-odd mixture of pamphleteers, boulevar- diers, ladles' men, and bearded chiselers who made up the Paris of that day. The whole era is a bit hard ;to understand, now. It -was tinselled,, bloodless, pervaded with the scent, of fakery. "The Gaudy Empire" gets it all and makes a solid, colorful, and sardonic story. SCOUTNEWS Troop 22 met Tuesday , night, April 20, 1937. The meeting' was opened by Duane Turcote with the Scout Oath. During the business session J. M. Dougherty and F. E. Hicks\made instructional talks. The troop. decided not to convene on their next regular meeting night but to postpone it one day and have a get- together meeting with their par-, enths and families. At that time the charter will be presented by Council officials. A light lunch will be served. Later in the evening a recreation period was had. Then- the. Scout benediction was said arid the meeting adjourned. The following Scouts were present: Elaine Toad, Billy Stockstill, Frank Daugherty, Robt. Hogan, Farrington Lewis, uane Turcotte, H. J. Johnson, Billy Forman, -Harold Scrimpshire, Pod Colvin, J. B. Hicks, Julian Hicks, Oeo. Converse, and Leonard Hollis. Tommie Hollis was a visitor. —By Leon Daugherty, SIDE GLANCES By George Clark "Most of them didn't get a J>U dirty. Let's not tnke them to mnma^maybc they woji'l cveanoUcpnnything"
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