Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on October 31, 1961 · Page 3
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 3

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Pampa, Texas
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Tuesday, October 31, 1961
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Page 3
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Washington Window . & By LYiEfc WIL40M WASHINGTON "(UPD-A minor* lily group of t about 266,060 U. S. Isitifens has' Beett derived of yot- ling rights ill Miw York State by [legislation held AW to be constitutional. ***!• * *• . *• - H • flKfl*. V - ' * t ;The.se are Spanish-speaking citi- enj^They are Puerto Ricans who IflecMJieir island,|to establish a [Spanish language^ghetto in New York-City. New | " Ifrontecl these Pue* establishir literacy (ork State cen- to Ricans with Q an English- esi for voters. "^ i ' it. bJhTe'e*juclge {ecteraf court last iTeelc ^upheld' the lawV The court found that the literacy tests did not violate th£ , constitutional rights of any person by reason of race, color or creed. There has been little, public interest In this New York statute nor in the 200,000 or so U» S. citizens who are deprived by it of one of the top privileges of citizenship. It is reasonable to believe, However, that if "such a statute in any state . deprived 200,000 .members of any other minority group of voting rights, there would be a great public outcry. If a Southern state ;barred 200,000 Negroes* from the polls by tests held to be constitutional by all the lower courts concerned, the outcry still would be very large indeed. The spokesmen for the afflicted minority would book time in the higher, courts to challenge such harassment. They would carry their challenge to the, Supreme Court in much anticipation that a ruling favorable to their minority could be had. Computers Now Play Vital Role In Life Of Man NEW YORK (NEA) •- Histories of the computer usually exhume a French mathematician and philosopher named B 1 a i s e Pascal as the first inventor in 1642. But nobody bothers to mention that he renounced the world almost immediately afterward and signed himself into a monastery. ' ." Today, with so few hiding places left, computer makers are trying to Brave" it "out." Interviews are shot through with reassurances that the monster is only a giant adding machine with , a memory, an idiot merely doing what it is told by a programmer. JJut after its first 15 years of life, it appears that electronic data processing is a*, little 'more than giant idiocy; Computers can or soon will!'; ?<; • , ; —Not only solve a problem, but also find ft amongst the facts. j —Then, having found-it, build ;a system to work it out... —And, finally,; remember how to do it the next time it's needed, Taken; all; together and done at well over a billion steps per hour today, it adds up to something pretty close to thinking —. and creating.' '.'" •. ' ,,'!', .1 The machine isn't doing this out of thin air any more than the human mind does. Programmers working with laboratory and office problems are building an immense memory of experience into computers in the course of the 'day's work.- • , And a machine'that can simu late the mathematical relationships of the sea and sub- ^njarine design, of air and air- .plaijis design, of voting records Jj party allegiances, of sealing and kings — that machine a fantistic resource of al* Datives and systems. |{f'We may never get all of man's fjcperience and the probability of events onto a magnetic core |pemory," a spokesman for one jjf the largest computer builders |ays, "but we're coming closer |nd closer all the time." I Whole fictional industries have ]jjeen bom, lived and crumbled in Computers. The Saturn rocket for pur moon shot will have been up pnd back thousands of computer •times before actual firing. Wars have been fought and millions have died in billionths of a transistor second. And the computer remembers them all — instantly, and in every detail. Not so strangely, then, the first 15 years of the computer age have put time vastly out of joint. The machine is now an integral part of civilized man's environment. But, savs archeological historian Kurt Marek in his "Yes- termorrow." this inevitably sug- jests the idea that roan is a part if the machine's environment. But, say the mathematicians, It 'ill take another generation before people begin to think instinc- ;iyely about living in the machine's environment For the rest of us dislocated. « old fr?.ms of reference about ln»» and space wil! simply have grow mare grotesque as the iputer »|« moves on. Nd such 8pp<5a1 is reported so far ih behalf of the transplanted Puerto Ricans. there i* ifi this incident a lessor; fot these U. S. citizens who find .themselves barred frofti the polls, tt is not alleged that all nt them, or any, are illiterate. They are literate only in their native tongue, Spanish. The dictionary definition of literate is that one must be: "Literate in letters; educated; specifically, able to read and to write." Educated? To what standard and who is to be the judge? Literate in letters? Precisely what does it mean and would a grade school or a high school diploma attest it? Able to read and .to write? Read and write what and must the words be properly spelled? . those are fair questions because the election officials could ease up or crack down in their interpreta- |tions of the law to admit or to | exclude citizens from the polls. I The lesson for the New York colony of Puerto Ricans is that they need an .Organizer. They also need a lawyer, and a public relations expert. First thing you know, these poor people would be voting by the thousands and, maybe, electing ; one of their own to the municipal council. There must be organizers and lawyers in New York who can visualize all of that. We'll be hearing from them. Tariff Increases Opposed By C-C WASHINGTON (UPI)—The U.S. Chamber of Commerce said Sunday it opposed general tariff increases designed to curtail "a relatively small flow of goods from abroad." Chamber spokesmen said the business organization t would support steps to reduce barriers to mutually beneficial foreign trade when Congress stdies renewal of the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act next year. Ford Foundation To Aid Musicians NFW YORK (UPI) — A new grants-in-aid program to talented musicians was announced Sunday by the Ford Foundation.' Awards ranging from^$2,500 to $10,000 each will go to choral directors, concert soloists and opera, singers chosen by music experts throughout the United states- Noted Hollywood Lawyer Stricken HOLLYWOOD (UPI) - Attorney Jerry Giesler, whose clients included Lana Turner and the late Errol Flynn, is "seriously ill" from' a recurrent heart ailment, according to attendants in Mount Sinai Hospital. Attendants said Giesler had been a patient for a week. His physician, Dp Jack A, Sheinkopf, told newsmen Giesler's illness was "serious" Much At Stake For Allies In Viet Nam Riff WASHINGTON WEA) - More Is « stake iti South Viet Nam than 66,000 square wiles of rice fields, rubber plants and jungle, A Communist victory in that country tyoutd do irreparable damage to .Western hopes of a free and neutral Southeast Asia, State Department sources report, South Viet Nam is, a democracy in form. It is ruled by a president with strong executive powers. Its constitution, provides for a single chamber assembly, a judicial system and civil rights. Its army of close to 170,00,0 is almost entirely equipped with U.S. weapons and uniforms. It is fed with U.S. - bought supplies, trained by U.S. experts in weapon- fire and guerrilla warfare. If the Communists could 'defeat such an army^ their prestige in claims would flourish. Other pro- Western Asian nations m i g h t doubt the advantages of U, S. arms and training. South Viet Nam is relatively unimportant geographically. Its 65,000 square miles — slightly smaller than the state of Washington—curls around the southeastern edge of the IndoChina peninsula, touching only Cambodia, Laos and North Viet Nam. Half of Laos and all of North Viet Nam already are in Communist hands. Economically, South Viet. Nam would prove a rich plum to the rice - poor Reds.'South Viet Nam's population of 14 million makes the country underpopulated by Asian standards. With 85 per cent of its .cultivated land sown to rice, the country manages to produce an exportable surplus of rice. >. Politically, South Viet Nani" seems 'strong enough on the surface, President Ngo Dinh Diem has solid backing., In 1956. and 1961, Diem won national elections by landslide margins. At present he is undertaking reforms, to increase 'government efficiency. He permits increased freedom of the press and the press plays an important-part in 'his efforts to weed out corrupt officials. But South Viet Nam is jungle, split by low mountains. Lack of roads makes transportation hap-, hazard. A strong government in Saigon i'S no guarantee of « strong and unified country. The farther you go from the capital the less government influence you find. Occupied for more than ,50 years by France and Japan and ravaged for eight years by the Indo- China War, South Viet Nam now faces a combination .of both war and exploitation by the increased Communist Viet Cong activities. With half of Laos controlled by the Communists, the Viet Cong has a natural corridor in which to funnel troops into South Viet Nam. The South Vietnamese ; army simply is not large enough to plug the long border. ' The guerrillas are extorting larger and larger rice payments rom the South Viet Nam peasants with promises to repay in installments. This extortion rings a familiar bell with farmers who lived through the Japanese occupation. 54th VtiAft NEW! BRAND NEW! CHEF ELMO'S MAGIC SEASONED MIX NOTHING TO ADD FOR CHICKEN, STEAKS ROASTS, CHOPS, DELICIOUS GRAVIES S^WHITE SAUCE Nothing Like It On The Market Sold On A MONEY BACK GUARANTEE AVAILABLE NOW BLAKE'S COUNTRY STORE Lefor; Highwqy f H6 PAMPA &AfL¥ NEWS t)CfOBEK 41, |§tf BACON ARMOURS l-Lb. Pkg. USDA GOVT INSPECTED ROUND STEAK LB U.S. Good Tender SIRLOIN STEAK Lb. 69 USDA Good T-BONE STEAK Lb. 93 t USDA Good Boneless Rolled '. RUMP ROAST Lb. 79 WHERE YOU GET THE EXTRA BONUS OF FAMOUS DOUBLE-THRIFT STAMPS WITH EVERY PURCHAS C DOUBLE ON WED DEL MONTE FRUIT COCKTAIL 303 Can BISCUI CHEESE MILK Borden's 2 Reg. Cans Krafts Velveeta 2 Lb. Pkg. WHITE SWAN TALL CAN Sue Bee Extracted HONEY ;-..,.. 4 Ibs. Hi-C 46-oz Can ORANGEADE „_._:! Delmonte 303 Can SPINACH ....... 3 for Gateway Farms,Instant, Pkgs. POTATOES _-__ 2 for 39c Llbby's 303 Can PUMPKIN 3 for 35c Wapco 12-oz DU. CATSUP ______ 2 for 35c BORDENS OR LANES 1/2 GAL. CARTON I N WASHINGTON RED DELICIOUS APPLES Lb. CALIF FANCY Green Onions BUNCH Texas Cello Bag ORANGES 5'LBS/ WHITE SWAN, NO 303 CAN LUNCHEON PEAS for 55c BIG MIKE TALL CAN DOG FOOD 3 for 29c Swift's Turkey, Beef or Chicken Tip Top 12-oz Can LEMONADE GRAPES REP EMPEROR LB I9c ORANGES Fancy Texas Lb. lOc UPER MARKETS QPJSN 7 PAYS A WKEJWhSQ A,SI, to 9 P-3J. SQNP4V ?:3Q to 8i00 WE RKSKBVB TICK JUGllT TO LPI1T QU

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