Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on March 3, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

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Corsicana, Texas
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Friday, March 3, 1939
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Twicf-A-Week Visitor The Semi-Weekly Morning Light carrlei local, state and world oewi Into thousand* of rural homes In Navarro and surrounding counties twice each week. Every worthwhile Item ol news from every point Is thoroughly covered. H Homeof the Daily Sun and Semi-Weekly Morning llghtC FU1L LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE Fifty Yean of Service The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has been- an outstanding progressive newspaper, working for the advancement of the rural communities of Navarre and adjacent eoun* ties for more than fifty years. Ita success U oound up with the growth of Rural life. VOL. LIL CORSICANA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 3, 1939.—TWELVE PAGES NO. 138. NAME CARDINAL PACELLI POPE ® ® ® ® ® O'DANIEL SCORES PENSION OPPONENTS GOVERNOR SPEAKS AT CELEBRATION OF INDEPENDENCE DAY CONDEMNED~THOSE OPPOSING PENSIONS FOR AGED AND NEEDY OF TEXAS WASHINGTON-ON-THE BKAZOS, March 2.—-(#)— Ten thousand Texans gathered here today where forefathers declared their freedom from Mexico 103 years ago and heard Gov. W. Lee O'Daniel decry class hatred, which he said threatened guarantees of pensions for the aged and needy. Introduced alter Congressman Lyndon Johnson had read a congratulatory telegram from President Roosevelt, O'Danlcl said: "Friends, I am' about 103 years too late to save this state from those -who would engender class hatred.' The governor, whose hill-billy band previously had entertained with songs he popularized In his gubernatorial campaign, asked for a reconstruction to the fundamental principles of democratic government as expressed In the state's constitution. Further, he asked a reconsecra- tlon to those principles laid down .103 years ago by George C. Chll- dress, who. wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico In the little blacksmith shop just over, the hill on which he stood to speak. '"As changes- In our modern Industrial world have brought us to social problems," the governor •aid, „ "The people of thir state, acting on the principles stated ; ln the-<bill of "rights-thst~ail pow- "er is Inherent in the people,, have so amended our constitution as to place upon the legislature and upon the governor, the responsibility for finding a satisfactory means for providing pensions for the aged who have but a few more years to live and who are not adequately able to care for them- same sovereign voters TEXANS OPPOSE FREIGHT RATES MORE THAN SCORE BELIEVED DEAD IN HALIFAXJOTEL FIRE ONLY 48 OF 117 IN HOTEL AT TIME ACCOUNTED FOR; PROPERTY LOSS $800,000 Appearing before a senate sub-committee hearing on freight rates were Ernest O. Thompson (center), Texas railroad commissioner, and D. A. Bandeen (right) of Abilene, Texas, representative of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce. They are shown at the Washington hearing with Sen. Tom Connally (D-Tex). Thompson told the committee "the present rate unduly discriminates against Texas and the Southwest" selves. "These havo written Into the constitution the obligation that the legislature find the money to adequately care for dependent children, provide funds for the neeC.- blind and retirement of teachers who have passed the day of usefulness as instructors of the youth of the land. Engender Class Hatred "Those who would havn their public officials disregard these obligations which are a part of the constitution, need not be surprised if In doing so they engender class hatred; a district for government and a loss of respect for property rights. The governor warned that, as See O'DANIEL, Fage~5. Youth Admits, He Repeatedly Beat Child Severely LEWISTON, Pa., March 2.—W) —A youth quoted by state police •„ as paying he beat a two-year-old ^glrl "at least 50 times" in the past few months and once branded her with a hot stove-lid lifter was held today while the child lay near death In a hospital. The child, Marian Wolf, has been unconscious since Monday. t "She's just a mass of bruises," said Corporal Rlohard Gray. State Troopers jailed Paul William Barrlck, 22-year-old former .brickyard worker, on a charge of assault and battery and- held the child's mother, Helen Wolf, a material witness. The corporal quoted Barrlck as saying, he was jealous because he. was not the child's father. DETTER BUSINESS CONDITIONS OVER ELEVENTHD1STRICT DEPARTMENT STORE SALES IN LESS THAN SEASONAL DECLINES DALLAS, March 2.— (F)— Department store sales declining less than seasonally between December and January, and consume:; buying In large volume In January, are features of the monthly business review of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, released today. Predicated upon the observation that "business and in the eleventh district showed some Improvement In January after allowance for customary seasonal changes," the review says sales at reporting firms declined by an amount considerably smaller than is usual from December to January and were only fractionally lower than in January 1938. "The fact that sales this January were nearly as large as a year ago Is significant,' 'the review says, ary, 1938, average seasonal changes, was at the highest level since 1929." Inventories at reporting firms were reduced .further by 2.9 per cent In January, but the. aggregate value, of stocks Jan. 31 was one per cent higher than on the date last year, due to the larger Inventories' held by firms at Dallas. Conditions in the agricultural and livestock Industries of the eleventh district showed much Improvement, In January as a result of widespread rain relieving the severe drought that had prevailed In most areas the latter Bermuda Clipper Reported It Was "Icing Badly" NEW YORK, March 2.—(/P)— Pan-American Airways said today Its Bermuda-Baltimore Clipper had run Into heavy Ice conditions some 75 miles off.. Cape, HaUeras and had descended to an altitude of 600 feet to escape the Icy area. The • Clipper's de-lclng equipment operated satisfactorily, the -company said. "as business in Janu after allowance for part of moisture 1938. Improvement in conditions was very helpful to small grains and in the northern section of the Texas . See BUSINESS, . Page 9. Additional Youths Called to Colors ROME, March 2.— Italians born during the first four months of 1919 .were called to the colors today , along with the regular classes of 1917 and l rl .8 to keep thn standing army at full strength. Foreign military 'observers estimated they would provide Italy with 300,000 conscripts to replace those completing their regular service this year. MEMBERS OF LABOR COMMITTEE OF SENATE SUGGEST HOPKINS ACT AS BUSINESS SPOKESMAN WASHINGTON, March 2.—W) —A suggestion that Secretary * Hopkins act as a spokesman for business during congressional consideration of Wagne. labc.- act amendments came today from members of the senate labor committee. These senators said Hopkins V has been discussing possible re vision of the act In conference with business men, and that he (would be well qualified to pre- I with . / I woul 4f-t S»a , lit < A the business viewpoint. was reported reliably Hopkins already is studying proposed amendments at the request of Chairman Thomaa (D-Utah) of the labor committee. Tha labor department and the labor' relations board- also have the suggestions under scrutiny. There has been no announcement of the administration's attitude on changing the act. In the past, indications thave been the labor board and the CIO were opposed to any major changes. The AFL has been urging adoption of amendments. Appointed at the request i of /President Roosevelt, peace negotiating commltees from the AFL and the CIO will be called*'by Secretary Perkins to meet sometime next week, Hopkins called together the business advisory council 'today to consider the administration's recent, overtures to businr-e, A new member ol the council to be Indicted today was George A. Hill, Jr., of Houston, -Tex., president of the Houston Oil Co, WASHINGTON, March 2.— {/?)— The coast guard said today it had received a message that the Bermuda Clipper, en route to Baltimore, was "Icing badly" at a point about 240 miles off the Virginia Capes. The radio message came via coast guard channels, forwarded from New York. It aald sleet conditions were bad. FARM PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS SUBJECT SHORT COURSE HERE OVER 70 REPRESENTATIVES THIS AND ADJOINING COUNTIES ATTEND TAXATION SCHEMES PAYMENT PENSIONS BEFOREJCOMMITTEE HOUSE SENTIMENT APPEARS TO LEAN TOWARD SALES „ .TAX PROPOSAL AUSTIN, March 2.— (F)— Oratory ceased today and a battered bundle of taxation proposals to pay the old age pensions with a small group of m lay n ' Modern farm problems and some feasible solutions were presented by a corps of speakers at the one-day • short course held In Corslcana Thursday under the auspices of the Navarro County Agricultural Council. More than seventy representatives of this and adjoining counties were In attendance at the morning session held in the lobby of the Corslcana YMCA. R. W. Knight of the Corsleana Chamber of Commerce called the meeting to order and explained the composition of the sponsoring unit, calling attention to the series of semi-weekly broadcasts now being presented; he thanked the YMCA for the use of the premises and announced the attendance drawing scheduled for the afternoon period. He also spoke briefly of the proposed enlarged program of agricultural activities of the chamber. Cotton Situation. Elmore R. Torn, agricultural director of the East Texas Chamber of Commerce, was the first speaker and had as a subject "Raising Our Cotton Income." He declared cotton producers were facing a serious proposition, and some of the troubles' were, perhaps due to lack of progressiveness and to lack of diversification. The speaker insisted the cost of production would have to be reduced and more soil and water conservation practices employed, to secure better yields and staples. He suggested a better balanced farm program through raising of livestock, poultry and other Items. See SHORT COURSE, Page 2. • Former State Home Twin Joined Army TYLER, March 2.—(£")—The army got a set of twins here yesterday. Sergeant Claude Parham, recruiting officer here, said Chas. A., and Charlcle W. Nichols of Longvlew, former football, basketball and baseball stars for the State listed Home at here and Corsicana, en- were sent 'to Dallas headquarters. They will be assigned to station In Fort Sill, .Okla, • measure—"the fairest, most untary tax In the world." ALL ABOARD SINKING FISHING BOAT WERE RESCUEDJHURSDAY LEAKING SHIP RANGER CALLED FOR AID OFF NEWFOUNDLAND COAST charged with patterning a workable solution to the state's most vexing problem. Not one of the popular forms of taxation had been overlooked —natural resources, retail sales, transactions and net Income. Senate and house sub-committees had a collection of bills accumulated over weeks of public heat-ings for the laymen. The house body will report back next Monday; the senate on March 13. Private sentiment in the house brought a prediction of a sales tax, in some form, from that body. Proposals ranged from Gov. W. Lee O'Danlel's 1,6 per cent transactions tax, through a two and a half per cent transactions tax on retail sales with a natural resources rider; a natural resources bill; a state net Income tax and a one-half per cent transactions tax. Natural resources yesterday warned that oil and gas interests had been taxed to a point near the saturation mark; cautioned further levies would be ruinous in some Instances. Farmer-law student Lelghton Cornett of Clarksvllle, advocate of the net income tax, warmly pleaded for consideration of his ' vol- His contention that if a man isn't fortunate enough to fall within the specified income brackers, he doesn't have to pay, prefaced his explanation of the brackets: Incomes up to $3,000, one per cent; from' $3,000 to $5,000, two per cent; from $5,000 on, three per cent.' Single persons exempt up to $1,500; married to $2.500, with $400 additional for each dependent. He estimated annual revenue at between $15,000,000 and $20,000,000, with old age pensions getting the bulky 80 per cent. Natural pas, said Charles H. Keffer of Amarlllo. bears more See LEGISLATURE, Page 2. Truck Load Law Being Enforced Again Thursday AUSTIN, March 2— (/P)— Free to haul heavy loads of citrus fruit and vegetables out of the Rio Grande Valley the past two weeks under court Injunctions, motor trucks today again were subject to weighing by state police Inspectors. Director Homer Garrison, Jr., of the public safety department announced after the supreme court had dissolved the restraining orders, that orderly enforcement of the 7,000-pound load limit would be resumed. The Injunctions halting enforcement of the . law was Issued by District Judges Bryce Ferguson of Edlnburg and H. F. Klrby of Groesbeck. Ourtls Hill, attorney supporting the Injunctions, indicated the supreme court's action might be appealed to the United States supreme court, HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, Mar. 2.— (Canadian Press) —More than a score of persons were missing and believed dead today after fire destroyed the Queen Hotel and swept through a large section of this seaport's closely-built business section causing damage estimated at $800,000. Only 48 of the 117 persons believed to have been In the hotel when the early morning fire broke out were accounted for definitely, but police said . others undoubtedly had escaped. Police officials, after conferring with hotel employes, said the death list might be as high as 30. The hotel register was burled In a safe beneath tons of debris. Twenty survivors were In hospitals, many suffering serious Injuries from the flames or from Jumping out windows when fire raging through the 60-year-old wood and stucco structure cut off other avenues of escape. Among victims admitted to Victoria general hospital was Miss Joan Sherwood of New York, ice carnival star. The extent of her injuries was not determined, Others missing or Injured all were listed as Canadians. At 10:30 a, m., four hours after the fire was^dUcovered, th^flamoa still were shooting from the ruined hotel and adjacent buildings, but It was believed they were under control. Three business buildings In the same block were damaged by the See FIRE, Page 2. TROUBLED EUROPE AWAITS ELECTION SUCCESSOR TO PIUS FRANCE MAKING EFFORTS TO INDUCE SURRENDER OF SPANISH GOVERNMENT • (By The Associated Press.) Eugenio Cardinal Facelll today was elected 262nd Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Ho chose the name of his predecessor, Pope Pius XI, whom he served as papal secretary of state. Thus ho became Pope Pius XII. While the sacred college of cardinals, having convened only yesterday, was electing the new Pope more swiftly than In more than 30 years, the lingering Spanish civil war and Italy's still vague colonial demands remained among Europe's anxieties. European nations took these steps toward peace arid security: France undertook to halt shipments of supplies to the republican regime In Spain, apparently with hopes of hastening the enc of the civil war there, and called her world war hero, Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, back to service as her first ambassador to Nationalist Spain, The- French admittedly were seeking a republican surrender, arguing \he end of the Spanish conflict would end any excuse for Italian troops remaining In Spain. But In republican Spain It appeared the regime of Premier Juan Negrln was determined to See INTERNATIONAL, Page 2. Former Judge Is Indicted Charge Of Conspiracy NEW YORK, March 2.—(#)— Martin T. Manton, former senior judge of the .U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, was Indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the government by a special grand jury today. Indicted with the former jurist was George M. Spector, Insurance agent and one-time representative of .the late Archie M. Andrews, financier. The Indictment contained three counts. Conviction' would make the two men liable to a maximum sentence of six years In prison and a $30,000 fine. Manton resigned from the bench after District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey had accused him, In a letter to Chairman Hatton W. Sumners of the house judiciary committee, of having accepted loans from persons Interested In cases before hla court, NEW YORK, March 2.— (IP). —Radio Marine corporation reported today the S. S. Newfoundland hud rescued the 150 men aboard the • leaking fishing boat Ranger which had sent out radio pleas for help. Radio Marino reported the rescue had effected In a heavy sea after 'the crew of the wooden Ranger had kept afloat by baling with buckets. The Newfoundland said It was Pope Pius XII trying to fasten a line to the craft to tow It to port. CHATHAM, Mass., March 2.— yp)—The British steamship Newfoundland today reached the sinking Newfoundland sealer, Ranger,, off St. Johns, Nfld., and at- temptedln very heavy seas to place a tow aboard the ship, re- uorted to be carrying 150 men. In contact with the radio marine station here, the Newfoundland reported In mid-morning: 'Very busy now attempting to get a tow aboard her. Very rough! The Ranger had messaged during the night that she was "leak- Ing badly." The Newfoundland's latest port indicated the sealer was not In Immediate danger of sinking. The Newfoundland mesiaKnri at 'tan: Bhe-liad"Bfi»fVea- th'e sTrlck- en ship and coastguard headquarters at Boston shortly afterward reported receipt of a message from a Cape Race radio station advising ships to resume normal traffic because the Ranger's distress had been taken care of. Leaking badly, Impossible to keep afloat," pumps choked, assistance needed Immediately," the Ranger said In her first message. Later, In response to a call from the Newfoundland, the Ranger captain: "Wo are just about holding our own by use of buckets, Engines' filled up and not running. We are drifting off Cape Lawrence. Terrible roll now but getting better." Radio operators here fixed the vessel's position at about 90 miles from St. Johns, Newfoundland. HALIFAX, N. S., March 2.— (IP) —(Canadian. Press.)—The East Coast Radio Signal Service reported today the British steamer Newfoundland had arrived at the side of the sinking Newfoundland sealing vessel Ranger. The Ranger, with 160 men on See SINKING SHIP, Page 2. SENATOR LOGAN IN CRITICISM OF U, S. NEUTRALITY ACT ITS PASSAGlT'GAVE GREEN LIGHT TO DICTATORS' KENTUCKIAN ARGUES Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, former papal secretary of state, was elected to succeed Pope Plus XI on tlie third ballot by the sixty-two cardinals of the Roman Catholic church Thursday. He assumed the name of Pope Plus XII. Former Diplomat Pleads Guilty To Hit Run Driving HANOVER COURTHOUSE, Va., March 2.—</P>-Dr. William E. Dodd, former ambassador to Germany, was fined $260 and costs In Hanover circuit court today on a. plea of guilty to: a charge of hltiri'n driving;-. Involving an (n- ONLY THREE BALLOTS NECESSARY TO ELECT SUCCESSOR PIUS XI EUGENIO CARDINAL PACELLI NAMED ON 63D BIRTHDAY, TAKES NAME PIUS XII By CHARLES H. GUTTILL VATICAN CITY, March 2.— (fP) — Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli today was elected 262nd Pope of the Holy Koman Church on his 63rd birthday and assumed the name of Pius XII. The name under which the new pontiff will be spiritual ruler of 331,500,000 catholics was assumed In recognition of his succession to Plus XI, to whom ha was papal secretary of state. The election of the eminent Italian cardinal on the third ballot of the first day of the conclave's voting was without precedent In the modern history of tha church. Not since 1621, when Gregory. XV was chosen, has a conclave acted so promptly. The new Pontiff has a thorough knowledge of the church In tha United States, where he was a visitor in October and November. 1936. Vatican authorities said the coronation of the new Pope was expect' ed to take place oh March 12, but ' the coronation date Is decided by, * the new Pontiff himself. 5., It was considered unlikely thai: preparations for the elaborate cere- mdny could be "completedvby *,nr isto! WASHINGTON, March 2.—i. Senator Logan (D-Ky) said In the senate today that passage of the United States neutrality act "gave the green light to the dictator nations of the world to move on the democracies." Speaking in behalf of the administration's $358,000,000 army expansion bill, Logan said that because neutrality legislation had given "much encouragement" to Germany Italy and Japan, the United States must be prepared to defend itself against any possible attack. The house began consideration meanwhile, of a half billion dollai army appropriation bill, the largcsl since 1922, and was told immediately It would be asked to "add substantially" to that figure In the very near future. Other developments of the day: Senator Glass (D-Va), veteran member of the senate banking and currency committee, announced flat opposition to President Roosevelt's request for an extension of the chief executive's power to lower the gold content of the dollar. Dr. Herbert Fels, representing Secretary of State Hull, told the house military committee that one foreign government was discussing with this country the possibility of exchanging war materials with the United States and that another was about to do so, He Intimated war debt revisions might be necessary to accomplish actual exchange. House and Senate Seek Speed Action WASHINGTON, March 2.—C/P>— House and senate leaders sped consideration of two major armament See CONGRESS, Page 2, was struck by an autdm a highway near hero last Dec. o. When Indicted by a Hanover county grand jury In January, the ex-ambassador pleaded Innocent and was left at liberty under $2, 000 bond pending his trial. Prosecutor Slmpklns .this morn- Ing called Dr. C. C, Coleman, a Richmond surgeon, to testify that the child's condition is now good. The surgeon said there was no fracture of the skull or bones, but that she was unconscious when he first examined her in December. Judge Frederick W. Coleman said he Imposed no jail sentence in view of the poor health of tha 69-year-old defendant. The judge said ho took into consideration the fact Dr. Dodd had paid $1,1000 or more in hos- See DODD, Page 2. Probe Attempts To Dynamite Two British Canals LONDON, March 2.—OT—Attempts to dynamite two of Britain's most important canals were Investigated today by Scotland Yard and government explosives experts as a possible outburst of terrorism by the anti-British Irish republican army. In both cases, blasts Just failed to break the walls of the canal and loose water which might havo flooded busy factory areas ._.., Important midlands steel center near Birmingham, police said a charge of high explosives had blown out part of a wall of the Birmingham navigation acnal during the night. Experts were sent there from London while other government explosives Investigators searched wreckage at Stonebrldge Pork where a blast damaged an aqueduct supoprtlng the Grand Union Canal. for miles. At Wedncsburg, an _ _ r _-™. coronation take place-on Sunday. The election of Pope Plus shattered another tradition - . that rarely has a secretary of state to the preceding pope been elevated to the papal scat ,. Favorite Foreign Cardinal; "•• , Before the conclave opened CBJV dinal Pacelli was reported to ba the favorite of the 27 foreign cardinals because he was believed to be best qualified to continue the policies of Pius XI, who died Feb. 10. As If to Indicate his Intentions of following in the footsteps of * his predecessor, the new pope BO- lected the same name. Plus XII Imparted his first papal benediction from the central balcony • of St. Peter's to a wildly cheering throng .shortly after the announcement of his election. Camillo Cardinal Caccla Domln- lonl, dean of the order of cardinal deacons, appearing on tha balcony at 6:07 p. m. (11:07 C, 8. T.) made the announcement Into , a microphone which carried his voice to loudspeakers in tha . See POPE. Page B. Electrocution Of i Negro On Sunday Is Advocated AUSTIN, March 2.—(flV-Chair- man Bruce Bryant of the parj don board today was on record as favoring the electrocution, of Wlnzell Williams, Dallas ir gro convicted of murdering white man, next Sunday, thedal of expiration of a 30-day granted by Governor '" O'Danlel. "I sec no reason to postpona. the execution further," Bryant said yesterday, The governor said ho postponed the execution so "William* may suffer this dreadful punishment 80 days before he Is rellev« cd chair/' death In the ' eleotrlo. DISPUTE OF 150 YEARS OVER POWERS OF PRESIDENT ARISE AGAIN REORGANIZATION BILL WASHINGTON,' March 2. A 150-year-old dispute over the power of presidents to remove officials or abolish agencies Is arfs- ing once more In the new admin- istraton proposal to revamp government departments. The reorganization bill, though shorn of many controversial featured of the measure beaten In the 1038 congress, carries a provision the president may abolish agencies or perform the functions they Oddly enough, the first congress worried over a similar problem In 1780. Its debates were secret, but the memoirs and letters of its members show clearly the course of the discussion. It arose during the debates over creation of the first three government departments — state, treasury and war—and has lingered ever since, In the creation of these departments after the Inauguration of President Washington, James Madison, a member of the ho«s8,,| ( from Virginia and the one man v f who had more than anyone else to do with shaping the constltu* .- tlon, suggested that the head* ' of these departments should ba ,[ made removable by the president. , That set off an argument In both chambers which has continued through the century and a half of life under the oonstiUM tlon. The debate ended In a tie vote, with the grant of removal now. i or given to the president by Vice- President Adams when he voted, for the bill. In 1926, Chief Justice Taft gave' ' as the majority opinion the ruling that congress could not lnv> : . pose any restrictions on the presl- ' dent's power or removal. Ton * years later, however, the court J found that President Roosevelt, < had no power to remove a mem- .1 her of the Federal Trade Com- ,', mlsalon.

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