Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on October 30, 1961 · Page 6
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 6

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Monday, October 30, 1961
Page 6
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THfi-fAMPA-OAlLY.MfetW. MoNtJAV, 54th f h* Satlij New* AN INDEPENDENT MtEEBOM NEWSPAPER '; ,-: -. • ; V '. - '• ; We .believe that all men are equally eMflowed by their Creator, and not by any government, with the gift of freedom, and that it is every man's duty to God to preserve his own liberty and respect the liberty of others. Freedom is sell-control, flu more, no Jess. To discharge this responsibility, ifei inlh,, to the besx of their ability, must understand and apply to daily Mng the great moral guides expressed in the Ten Commartdftiants, the Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. . : j;^: ; This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing Information to our readers so that they can better promote and preserve their own freedom and encourage others to see its blessings. For only when man understands Freedom and Is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabilites in harmony with the above moral principles. SUBSCRIPTION RATE* By Carrier In Pnmpa, 35o per week. $1.60 pep 3 rnontna, »S,00 per 8 months, $18.DO por year. By mai: paid In advance at office. J10.00 per year In retail trading zone. $15.00 per year butslda retail trailing /.one. $1.25 per month. Price per single copy fid dally, 15o Sunday. No mall orders accepted In localities carrier. Published dally except Saturday by the Pampa Daily News. Atchlson at Somervllle. Pnmpa, Texas. Phone MO 4-2525 all departments Entered as second class matter under th» act of March B. 1878, The Minimum Wage In the United States it has been only in .this century that there has been such a demand for minimum wages. The minimum wage was first started at 25 cents an hour nearly 30 years ago, if we remember correctly, and now is up to $1.15 on hour. Why do so many people believe minimum wages will be beneficial to mankind? There's not much question but that the majority of people believe in minimum wages — that is, that minimum wagss-should be set by law. It is rational to ask, "Why would you "not expect those who were captives in tax-paid schools to believe in minimum wages when most of the adults now have gone to schools where minimum wages were set by law for Ihe schoolteachers?" And s'nce most people believe that schoolteachers understand economics and moral principles and are teaching them, they naturally accept what their teachers accept without inquiring as to the harm that evcirually comes from m'n'mum wages. Minimum wages are a complete denial of the reality that each and every man must produce his own wages as determined by a free market if he is to have a job for long. But those who are supposed lo be educators want to be in a special class, and, in fact, most people working for any form of government want their minimum wage set by- law. And since most people believe that people working for the government, and the leaders of labor, know what they are doing and are doing it with the best of intentions, which undoubtedly they are, it is only natural for the inexperienced to believe in minimum wages. If minimum wages are good and the welfare of mankind can bs benefited by having a law setting a minimum wage, then why not set a minimum wage of $2 or $5 or $50 an hour? Of course, the higher the minimum is set, the fewer can earn it. And if it be titie that people want permanent jobs, they must create sufficient production by their labor so that what the worker produces can be sold to pay his wages. The employer does not really pay wages b u t, rather, wages are paid by those who buy the product sold by the employer. Minimum wages are just one of. the fruits of having "education" determined by the majority. When Ihe teachers demand minimum wages and tenure, why shouldn't the youth who attend school believe their teachers know what they are doing and take it for granted that wages can be set by law instead of by a free market for what each produces? If the' youth of'the land were taught to understand that each man must produce his own wages and that we cannot have a fair wage unless we let every other person in the world help establish wages, there wouldn't be « demand for minimum wages. Minimum wa^cs arc one of the cornerstones of ths labor union movement. Minimum wages are a result of emotion and false sympathy rather than experience. We are seeing much of our capital moving to countries where Wages and labor unions have not pushed wages so high as to impede production as, they have in our country. Thus, the employers and workers in the United Stales find it difficult lo compete with the foreign market, even with our better tools and a larger market. Yes, everything is happening just as could be expected when tax - paid schoolteachers are all paid a minimum wage and evidently believe in it, because we have never heard any of them objecting to it or wanting textbooks which explain that a wage must be produced by the worker who receives it if he is to have a steady job and must not be set arbitrarily by law. Can Guilt Be Shifted People often suppose that if government orders a man to do wrong, there is no wrong because government commanded it. Leo N. Tolstoy once examined this thought in his "Notes for Soldiers" and observed: "Is not. the sin of adultery much easier than that of murder? And yet can one man say to another: 'Go and commit adultery. 1 shall bear your sin, because I am your commander' "? Captialism Surviving The Nation's Press LAW suit OVER BEKLIN? . (Chicago Tribune) The allies notes of Aug. 26 defended their right to use the air corridors from West Germany to Berlin. Now the Russian reply is at hand, It presents what is essentially a legalistic argument' In this respect, at least, the reply resembles the original notes: we say the agreements reached by the four powers prove we are right and the Russians say the agreements prove they are right- The quarrel thus comes down to a dispute over the interpretation of documents. That is the kind of quarrel that the lawyers call jus- ticiable, by which they mean that It is capable of being decided by a court in the light of eslab- ished legal principles. Then why not peopose submitting the dispute to the Court of International Justice? We think it highly-improbable that the Russians would accept the suggestion but if they refused it they would show lack of confidence in their own rectitude, to say nothing of their desire to avoid war. This newspaper believes in the Connolly amendment which, in effect, permits the United States to decide for itself whether it wishes to accept the jurisdiction of the court over any controversy to which it may be a party. In suggesting the submission of the controversy over the corridors to the court we are not guilty of an inconsistency. To say that t h e United States may not be dragged into court against its will is not cquiva ent to saying that it will never go into court of its own will. IF the Russians were as confident of the soundness of their case as they pretend to be, they would welcome a trial by impartial judges. We recognize that there arc risks for us, too, in this process. Perhaps our case is not as good as we think it is. Perhaps the judges might be prejudiced against, us. But these are risks we can afford lo take. Our notes, lo which the Russians have replied, said that any interference with our access to Berlin by air would have "the most serious consequences." That is diplomatic language for war. As between the costs of war and the costs of losing a lawsuit over access to Berlin, the choice ought to be easy for everybody concerned including the West Berliners themselves. If We Had A* Chfcfce Hankerings fly McLLMORE jwv'i j.j-V'-i'.V"'• UU " J **^" ."T rirr - nv * ",•»' ' - ",!,,- •--•<•»«•.•,.-* ..;. S»*Si2$Si^^ Allen-Scott Report Proposed Guerrilla Action Against Viet Cong In North Viet Nam Investigated by Taylor An image of ogreism still stalks the by - ways of the American mind in relation to corporation management- The image is a legacy from the 19th century and contains the spectres of a score or more "rugged" individualists who, according to the fantasy, trampled on the rights of everyone in order to build empires of wealth and special privilege. False as this picture was when it was first carefully limned by socialist agitators of the period, the picture is even more inexact and questionable now- Todays corporation executive is not the swashbuckling pirate so many envision, but a well - bred, j almost painfully astute profession-' al who is the center of a world of pressures put upon him by government, union blackmailers and the customers themselves. Most important, in so far as his image is concerned, he is usually NOT the owner of the corporation whose destiny he may direct. This is a fact which is carefully underplayed by those who wish to continue to use corporations and corporation presidents as objects to instill fear in the very young. Actually, from the standpoint of sound economic management, it might be better if corporation presidents really did own the corporations they head. Such concentrations of ownership would invariably bring on concentrations gt iflf - Imposed responsibility, result would he larger »c- of wealth and, we M improved technology and more tools by means of which more goods could be provided at less cost. If there is one justifiable criticism of the modern corporation manager it is that he is too often placed under pressure to which he yields in an effort to "make everyone happy" The function of a corporation is to make money for the stockholders, the owners. When a corporation president begins to waver from this fundamental purpose, he becomes less useful as a captain of industry than he otherwise would be- But so effete has our business climate, become that many corporation directors now view themselves as providers of relief and welfare, mainstays of foundation financing, problem solvers for workers and, indeed, advisers and managers of every conceivable civic or national problem as far removed from their particular specialty as time, space and inclination can move them. Doubtless, this psychological retreat into "community" and "togetherness" is one of the products of<*<he swashbuckling image of the 19th century impressarios, which image in itself is so totally lacking in realism. But even as corporation executives have grown soft and excessively wary, the corprr««ion structure itself has c v 't one time, many a coi was owned outright b. nanciers or by a card lured family which control.. nd nianage<J the entire operation, ,*• - •' Tho a few of these corporate bodies remain to add vigor to the scene, the bulk of all corporations are now owned by literally millions and millions of Americans. While this may be a questionable virtue, there is certainly one magnificent fact which is plainly apparent. There are millions of Americans, and the list grows every ycnr, who have examined various economic systems and have come to understand the virtue and the meaning of capitalism. Thus, they are investing in the capitalistic system to the extent of their ability- And by this investment, the system itself is helped and strengthened- In 1954 our major corporations were owned by some 7,300,000 men, women and children in this country. In seven years this ownership has been enlarged to more than double the 1954 size. Today, there are more than 15,000,000 stock owners in the country. And nany of these owners are young people, college graduates of modest incomes, who are well informed and who are placing their reserves in growth stocks and in tool investment w h i c h is a harbinger of future productivity and sound management to come. WASHINGTON - The best kept secret of General Taylor's mission to South Viet Nam is his private orders from President Kennedy to make an on - the - spot investigation of President Ngo Dinh Diem's highly, secret proposal to carry the war into North Viet Nam. As proposed to the President through diplomatic channels, President Ngo Dinh Diem's explosive plan calls for U.S. help in the infiltration of several thousand of the best Vietn'atneb'e' jungle fighters behind the North Viet Nam border. , ... The dangerous mission of these counter • guerrilla' troops would be lo disrupt'the preparations of the Communist Viet Cong forces for a full - scale invasion of South Viet Nam! They ' would be used to cut the Communist communication lines that now run through Laos into the delta area of South Viet Narn. Also, these highly • trained-Viet- namese''.troops' would begin the organization of anti - Communist forces among the peasants -of North Viet Nam, stirring up a major rebellion there. Already, the daring proposal of President Ngo Dinh Diem has touched off a sharp policy dispute within the Kennedy administra- anunLst invasion o c South Viet Nam from the North. For if this type of operation is .to be a success, the U.S. must begin immediately to beef up the small South Viet Nam navy with the landing craft and small boats needed to support the infiltration. In this kind of warfare, th e Vietnamese troops would be put ashore and supplied at night along the long North Viet • Nam coast on the South China Sea. South Viet Nam has the troops needed for the operation. President Kennedy's final decision could go either way. White House aides, who have heard the President say that he wasn't sending General, Taylor to South Viet Nam to organize an invasion, .believe that he\will. side with the'Rusk - Dulles - .Rostow group- The. JJpint Chiefs of Staff .feel that the President will follow the advice of, General Taylor, whom they are counting 'on to recommend a long - shelved policy of taking the battle to the Communists' base of operations, LOOKING FORWARD - U.S. jet fighters at bases in West Germany are on five-'- minute alerts to escort Western civilian and military planes through the East Pegte'r Sayss Corruption Runs fiampant In U,SAabor Movement Bv WEST8ROOK 1 had a cup of hot tea !n a cool corner yesteMay with a man of many talents. Crack grocery clerk, top movie star, unexcelled automobile battery repairman, Washing machine salesman, disc jockey, stage and movie director, advertising salesman, radio announcer, husband, father, and expert gardner. He's a man of many assets, too. Tall, handsome, gracious, knowing and, not to be overlooked, the owner of Audrey Hepburn. His name is Mel Ferrer and he acts in movies only to "refuel his sank account," to use his own' words. "I don't like acting in movies, or any other kind o f acting," Ferrer said. "An .actor has to be hambone— all hambone. He must think of himself all the time, and that tires me. I only act to,get enough money to afford the luxury of directing and pro ducing. Mind you, I'm not knocking the movies. They have been awfully good to me — a lot better, let's say, than grocery stores! wedding party. Nick then was just About 20 years ago, certainly before the Hod Carriers Union be came notorious among the war tabor rackets, I went to work on a foul crook named Nick Stirone who ruled over the political and economic rulers of Pittsburgh. At last only recently, he. got ten years in prison. He was until then a power and a terror. He may be again. It was not for lack of proof that the local, state and federal governments failed to break him. But the papers fetched him only glancing blows to which he had the grotesque effrontery to threaten libel suits and Big Business seemed unable to bear down on him. The conscience of the community ignored him. He was in a shooting scrape with a woman in a hotel which proved to be an amiable mishap and love conquered all. He abused his loyal, modest wife, a good woman who had spent her .little savings as a garment worker to rent the conventional dinner jacket for their whether (he U.S. should German corridors to West Berlin A crackling-dry Midwestern summer ended in disaster on Oct. 8, 1871. Two of history's greatest fires broke out that fateful day—the near-legendary Chicago blaze and the terrible Peshtigo, Wis., forest lire. While many Chicagoans saved their lives by fleeing to the shores of Lake Michigan, the victims of the Wisconsin Are were trapped. The Chicago fire claimed 250 lives; the Jess-known but even more tragic Peshtigo blaze wiped out over 1,000. lion over- give' him the material and supplies his military needs to successfully carry off this bold, military venture. Secretary of'State Dean Rusk, retiring CIA director Allen Dulles, and Dr. Walt Whitman Rostow, special assistant to the President in charge of anti - .guerrilla warfare policy, are all opposing the plan on the grounds that such offensive action might widen the conflict and bring hordes of Communist Chinese "volunteers" pouring into the battle. Dr. Rostow, a member of the Taylor mission, goes even further in his personal opposition, contending that "the sending of men and' arms across international in case the Communists try to block the air traffic,.'.. .Teamster Boss James Hoffa is sending some of his toughest organizers to the Dominican Republic to help local> labor leaders there increase their influence in that Caribbean hotbed. . ...U.S.. military intelligence reports that Premier Khrushchev, angling to increase Soviet influence in the Congo, is offering both military' and economic help to Premier Cyrille Adoula to costs now, and the shooting sched and battery shops." Newer having met a really fine battery recharger, we were interested in that phase of Ferrer's career. "I was a good one," he laughed, "even though I had been ill and couldn't use my right arm. I may well have been the only left-handed battery man in Los Angeles. I was one of the hungriest, for sure." Ferrer talked about those days in the early 1940's. when he was broke' and none too well, as if he had enjoyed them. "I tried everything — had to eat and sleep, you know. Not many people -who think my diction is good know that I got it repeating grocery orders over a telephone . to Hollywood housewives too busy ; to shop. Potatoes, ham, Swiss cheese, olives — these are good words for an actor to practice on." We mentioned the movie "Lili." ' "Wonderful little picture," Ferrer said, "but what a fight we had to make it. The studio wanted to take the simple, sweet story and blow it up into a big musical. The studio actually disowned it, you know. Not a studio person of any importance came to the premiere. Just washed their hands of it. They were ashamed to have it bear their name. Then when it turned out to be a sleeper, and got rave notices —.well, I hardly have to tell you the studio's reaction." Ferrer was a director before he was an actor. "You'll never guess what my first picture behind the camera was. No use trying. It was the "Girl of the Limberlost" for Columbia. A 'B' picture with two capital 'B's.' The budget was just about what a night on the town overpower Katanga's Premier Moise Tshombe. He made the offer in a private letter to Adoula The language was virtually the same he used in a similar letter to the late Lumumba. . .Mikhail Menshikov, the Soviet Ambassa- anci arms across international i , . ., .. „ .... , , . . . , ., ,. .. n( dor to the U.S., will be replaced boundaries and the direction of .^ • guerrilla war from outside a sovereign nation is aggression." All three are opposed to sending U.S. troops 10 South Viet Nam. THE CHOICE - The Joint Chiefs of Staff, although they have not been asked to make any formal recommendations to the President, look on the proposal as a possible "alternative* to sending U.S. combat troops to that Communist - imperiled Southeast Asia nation. By supplying the Vietnamese with special anti • guerrilla type arms, supplies and ships needed in the near future. That's the report that Secretary of State Rusk has sent to the White House. The Almanac ftWMS^SMRnBiVMINMM By United Press International Today is«Monday. Oct. 30th, the 303rd day of the year with 62 to follow in 1961. to mount the operation inside | The moon Is approaching its North Viet Nam, the Joint Chiefs believe that these behind - the • line forces could so harass the bases of General V« Nguyen Giap, the ruthless North Vietnamese commander, that he would be forced to pull the majority of his forces out of South Viet Nam. Also, these military advisers contend that the counter - guerrilla operation in North Viet Nam could be a first step by the West in over - throwing a Communist regime short of general or even limited war. The JCS disagree with-the Central Intelligence Agency's dark estimate that the offensive action would bring Chinese Communist troops into the battle. President Kennedy sent General Taylor to the scene because there is an element of urgency for him to end the current policy debate if the counter • guerrilla action is to be launched in time to hfiad off « large -scale Corn- ule was 14 days. I took 16 days and there was heck to pay. It made money, but I quit." Ferrer quit, he explained, when Jose Ferrer (no kin, although Mel has a brother named Jose) offered him the lead in "Strange Fruit," a dramatization of the novel dealing with racial discrimination. Ferrer is now making a movie for Royal Films called "The Black Lancers." Most of the footage was shot in Yugoslavia, In December he reports to Columbia under a producer-director con tract to shoot a movie entitled "Return Fare." It will be filmed in Africa. He said his wife, Audrey, was wonderful in "Breakfast at Tiffany's," and so was the baby. ! an apprentice hoodlum in Newark. He disowned and scorned her except for the time when by some freak of whim he took her along on a great demonstration of the gaudy opulence of the American union crook whioh covered many Italian cities and towns, then Paris and, finally England. His wife came to my office in New York a few years ago and, with red eyes and a damp hankie, recalled their young dreams and her sweet hopes of happiness with her hero, the dirty thug who went on to extort fabulous bundles of money on war construction. He never sent her the price of a hat. She had clung to'her marriage for the religious reason, but by the time of our visit she realized thac he was unlikely to .do any | decent thing as long *as he lived. In the end, if this is the end, Nick got his ten a federal prison and a :fine*of--$10<000 on a specific charge/of extorting; $31,274 from a sub-contractor who provided slush-concrete 1 for'"a steel mill at Allenport, Pa., in 1952 and 1953. That, you see, was long ago. It takes years'to catch up with the like of Stirone although their corruption has been common knowledge for decades. But a scabby, twitching wino at a. bar in a county court gets two years for bouncing a tremulous $50 check on a booze dealer a few days before. And Meany.,and Reuther lived all through the worst of Stirone's career .while organized "Labor" vouched for thousands of crooks. Now Meany and Reuther roll their eyes and invoke their new-found ethics against Jimmy Hoffa. The sub-contractor who paid Stirone for the privilege of hiring labor for his job finally was driven bankrupt. In an earlier trial of the same complaint another contractor testified as "b a c k- ground" that Nick got $35,000 for letting him have labor for a demolition job. Stirone was convicted, and got three years, but the Supreme Court sent the case back for another trial and, of course, this may happen again. The judge in the present case, John P, Willson, seemed naive in his final remarks. He seriously said "It is necessary that labor leaders be men of ,integrity and honesty in their dealings with management." And "You seek to dominate not only labor but management.'' And again, "You have violated your trust to labor apparently be- If cause of avariciousness and a desire for personal gain. I have no sympathy for you." Nick said, "I have been associated 30-40 years'With the housa «. of labor. I have attempted to do \ things with righteousness 'and justice. This is the first and only blemish ori ;'my record." Stirone was' sole owner of a company which rents heavy construction equipment to contractors within his jurisdiction. This was one of Joe Fay's rackets in the Newark area where he enjoy-'- cd the protection of the New Deal machine. Not only that, but he became a contractor too. He prospered until Tom Dewey got him V off balance in New York and put him away for ten years. But during that time George Meany and many officers of public government paid homage to him in the chapel at Sing Sing. Fay's union . is the Operating Engineers, a close ally of Stirone's, which is called the Hod Carriers' and Common Laborers'. " It still seems doubtful that Stir- last quarter. The morning star is Venus The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1735, the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born. In 1929, heavy selling was observed on the New York Stock Exchange following the "b i g bust" of the day before. In 1938, actor Orson Welles caused a national panic with his! .radio dramatization of an invasion! of New Jersey by men from Mars, In 1941, a German submarine torpedoeds and sank a U.S. naval destroyer although the United States was not yet at war with' Germany. j In 1948, an Army transport' from Germany arrived in New Bid For A Smile The woman walked out of the grocery and saw a drtverless car rolling slowly down the street. Thinking 1 quickly, she ran to the car, lorked open the door, slid he- hind the wheel, and pulled the emergency brake with a hard yank. The oar came to a stop. As she stepped out, feeling proud, a man walked up. Woman — Well, 1 stopped it. Man - Yeah, I know. 1 was pushing: It. .loe — Did you ever tickle *. mule? Moo — No. Joe r— You ought to try It. You'd get a bis kick out of U. L.IUIC -Mary was observing, toi the first time, a mother cat carry- Ing one of her kitten* by the scufl of lh« neck. Sha was horrified bv sue ftjoi'jiht v.'as such rough Tabby, she ^ ou fit to be a mother. Why. ,ln't hardly j|. lu be a father Think twice. a*d you wlU have only h*l{ w lauclj t» jay. A proud mother wished to enter her 5-year-old daughter in an exclusive school where the minimum *Ke was 6, She van easily pass me S-ye»r- old ie»t. the mother told the principal. But the teacher was openly York City with the firsc refugees ! «k«ptica| as he saia to th« little '^ 0 ' to arrive in the United States under the jm P»rennc rerSOns nf Ol „.-.,....-, words. Tb« prectx-ious child looked at the man with grea.t dignity for » moment, then **k«4 h« Purely imlevfAt y°rd*» one will do his time. The Supreme Court could reverse the District Court again and the Department of Justice could quietly ,1 turn him loose rather than taka " anotfier defeat. The unions usually have the better lawyers. , Dick Lamb, a reporter for the Pittsburgh Press, pioneered the disclosure of • Stirone's rackets just before the war. But he got neither recognition nor results. In disgust he left Pittsburgh for magazine work in Chicago. I have not heard from him for a long tjme, but his little file on the union rackets was th« my present enormoua mass of proof' .that, the labor movement in the United States has been a worse corruption down to and including the present than Wall Street ever was. News Briefs . Plush Automat NEW YORK (UPI) _: tomat, the 88-year-o:d Horn & Hardart chain • of restaurants which dispenses 4ood through coin-operated machines, has opened a cocktail lounge, oyster bar and restaurant, decorated in "mirrored splendor" here, Spending Soars NEW YORK (UPI) _ From 1956 to 1960 consumer spending for groooming items, education, foreign travel ancl medical care jumped by approximately 40 per cent each. Spending for such services as insurance, brokerage fees and investment counseling rose from $14.6 bilHon in 1956 to $20.G billion last year. Museum Price HOLLYWOOD (UPI) - A *30-' minute documentary film of the story of the Hollywood Motion Picture and Television Museum is being produced by Jack L, Copeland. The film will include interviews with important stars and creators in motion pictures and pieces of some of the industry'j great films. Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS I Thailand 5 — •• — Angeles, California , 8 French resort 12 River in Tuscany 13 "Honest" president 14 German river 15 American educator 18 Golf device 17 Gong 18 Superficial 20 Cheer 21 Exist . 22 Mineral rock 23 Thorny 26 Jails 30 Peruvian city 31 American patriot 32 Fish eggs 33 Biblical name 34 Scandinavian 35 Confined 36 Meddles 38 British Isles division 39 Conjunction 40 Matched group 41 Avoids 44 Countries 48 Rabbit 49 Rodent 60 Ostrich §1 Egg-shaped S3 Monkey 53 Church part 54l4*apr«y* 55 Dance step 58 Waste ft British princess 4 Western state 5 Turning device 6 Mind 7 Watch 8 Lords 9 Notion 10 Scotsman 11 Author Gardner 19 Weep 20 City in Pennsylvania 22 Heraldic band 29 Places 23 Narrow board 31 Solid 24 Site of Leaning 34 Lairs Tower 35 Invalid 25 Moslem priest 37 Discussion 26 Vessels groups 27 Russian city 38 Moist 28 Zero 40 Cloys 4t Footgear 42 Possess 43 Russian river 44 California city 45 General BradleJ 46 Glacial ice 47AnimaU»t 49 Knock

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