r W£»NESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 13, 1986 ,fflE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Text! PAGE FIVE FIRST 16 WOMEN COLONISTS IN TEXAS BROUGHT SILK STOCKINGS (Note: Tho fnllmvinir !s one of n (.erics of weekly articles tnken from the Bexnr Archives nt the University of Texas. Thin pollertion, considered the tm-atest B !ntrle historicnl trensi.re mi, the North American continent, haa fewon cntnloRiietl nnd la now being IrnrmlnUd by the University of Tcxns. It conslnts of 400,000 pnttes of orip- Jnnf Srnnl'-h hnndwritten documents comprlsine ihe offlclnl nrchivra of the Mexican rovernment for the depnrt- mrtit M r -:nr, which covered nlmost Ihe whole nf whnt in now the SUte of Texns, for the period from 17.11, 80on hfter Tejns hcenme n srpnrnto Jirovlneo of Mexico, to 1836, to the Buttle of Snn Jnclnto. THs scries of nrtlcHen will consist nrlnc.ipnlly of ntmtntionn from the documents, mnny of which hnve heretofore been uniHih- Hrhyd, nnd will reveal for the first time, whnt nctunlly trnnspired durinc thn rentnry In which Texns wnb trnns- formccl from ft wilderness inhabited only by snvnsro Indinn tribes to an indc- de'tiendent American republic.) AUSTIN, Feb. 13 W)—•Two pairs of f Ilk stockings were among the possessions given to ench or the 16 wrmch who took their courage, indeed their very lives, in their hands. and sailed with their fathers and their husbands from the Canary Islands in 1730 to become the first officially recognized colonists in a new land, Texas. This fact is revealed for the first tim3 with the translation of certain official documents in the Bexar archives in the University of Texas Kbrary. The archives comprised the official Spanish and Mexican governmental records at San Anlo- plo de Bexar, for more than rt century the scat of Spanish government for nil Tevias. It was a hardy little band of pioneers who left their pleasant surroundings, their friends, the established busincsss in the Canary Islands, a Spanish possession, to accept the promises of the Spanish (;yvernment of a new home in the Wilds of Texas. To realize that they must settled in a wilderness haunted constantly by threats of Indian outrages, and that at San Antonio de Bexar they would be as near to the enemy French in Louisiana' as to Mexico City, the scat of Spanish civilization in Mexico, must have held terrors for them. Yet they came. From the very outset, they were faced with ail the problems that greet humanity everywhere—life, death, love, happiness, pain. Only ton families set out to begin wilh. Only ten men, \V--'T thnir wives, their sons, and their daughters, under the leadership of the so-called "first" man, the eldest, Junn Leal Goras. Within a month the number of families wa3 increased to 15, Vinccnlc Alvarez Travieso, Francisco dc Arocha, Ankmlo Rodriguez, Joseph Leal, and JUah Delgado having married island girls • before sailing. Death had come to Juan Cabrare, and later to two women, his widow. Marie Rodriguez,' and the wife of the "first" nian, Juan Leal Goras. A son ha'd 'been born en route to one of the families. ; In an official document signed before Francisco Manuel de Cobar- 'rubias, notary public, in Quautitlen, November !), 1730, a list of personal effects and of tools given to each family is noted, and the head of each family was required to sign the document in acceptance of its terms, either in script or by mark. It is this document that has just been translated by university translators. The following list of articles for personal u?e was given to Juan Leal • Goras, recognized as the leader of the party. 'Similar possessions were given by the Spanish government to eacli other man in the band: "Two shirts, two pairs of white trousers, two white jackets with sleeves, two cravats, a cape, a riding suit, a pair of trousers, two pairs of woolen socks, two pairs of shoes, a hat, a mattress and two sheets, a pillow with its case and : case covering, a quilt, two horses, a saddle with stirrups and cushions, a bridle with head-stall and reins, a hackamore with its halter, two shfcep skins, a pair of spurs a pair of boots, some spur straps, a wide cavalry sword with its bait, a knife, a gun with its sheath, girdle with its powder flask, bells, and flints, a pack saddle, and copper kettle- with its top for cooking and which serves a.s a frying pan." To each woman an unusual combination of "finery" and practical necessities were given, it is evidenced by the list of things given to Maria Curbelo, wife of the "second" man: "Two fhlrts, two pairs of white petticoats, two jackets with sleeves two W-indkerchiefs, two pairs of silk Stockings, two pairs of understock- ing, 1 ;, two pairs of shoes, a serge petticoat, a white baige eloak, a plair shawl, an upper petticoat, two hordes, a saddle without stirrups anc cushions, a bit with a head stall and reins, a hackamore with its halter two sheep skins, a mattress, two sheets, a quilt, a pillow wilh its casr executed in this manner. I also attest tWat it was clone wilh the intervention of Francisco Duval and Juan Leal, who were witnesses of Iho fact that delivery was made to the entire satisfaction cf the families in question, as well as cf the Eaid Francisco Duval, Juan Leal, Don Thomas do Zu.biria, Don Joseph Carillo, and Don Junn Manuel Ximenez. All the persons of the said families who knew how to write signed this, and for those who did not know the witnesses signed." Cost of Macon, Sister of Akron, WasJ2 ? 600 ; 000 WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. W)— Here Is a description in figures of the ill-fated Macon: Length overall 785 feet. Maximum diameter 132.9 feet. ' Height overall, 146.5 feet. Gas volume 6,500,000 cubic feet. Number of engines 8. Total horsepower 4,480. Maximum speed 72 knots 80 miles. Cruising range without refueling 9,200 miles. While the Akron cost $0,358,000, this figure included the construction of a hangar at Akron where both the Akron and Mncon were built. The actual contract price of the Macon was $2,600.000. Congress authorized expenditure of $8,000.000 for the two ships. Contracts for the construction of both crafts were awarded the Good- ycar-Zeppelln corporation in 1928 with Iho provision that upon the successful operation of the Akron a second vessel should b" built. The Akron was accepted by the navy in October, 1931. She crashed April 4, 1933, about two weeks after the Macon wps christened by Mrs. William A. Mof- fclt, widow of Rear Admiral Mof- fctt, chief of the bureau of aeronautics who went down with the Akron. Mrs. Moffett, who lives here, was deeply concerned at last night's crash. She knpl in close touch wilh eports of the accident. Wed Speedily BELIEVE DISASTER HAS SPELLED DEATH FOR AIR SHIPS BY TIIOS. J. HAMILTON JR.. Associated Press Staff Writer. WASHINGTON, Fell. 33 (/P)-— Tho controversy over fighting airships opened with new vehemence today as the government prepared to launch at least three investigations into the crash of the dirigible Macon off California. Meanwhile, President Roosevelt nnd congressional leaders, who ob- viotily had been gravely concerned as the startling news of the giant ship's accident came in, heard cngerly live later reports telling of the rescue of most of the crew. Intense interest was manifest as Lintit. Com. H. V. Wiley, skipper of tho Macon. began to flash his first official reports to his superiors tcll- iri? how, during a squall, a "casualty occurred in the stem"; how the stern crumbled and as a gas cell was lost; how the ship landed "stern first" with all hands taking to rubber boats under "excellent discipline" and watching the great ship sink below the waves. A prediction that the crash, coming after the disaster to the Macon's sister ship, Akron, would spell the "death knell" of light-than-air craft as a fighting arm of the navy cnme from Chairman Vlnson <D., On. i of the Ivouse naval committee. "Wo surely will investigate as scon as enough facts arc available on which to base an investigation," he said. The navy's high command prepared, on receipt of direct information from Admiral J. M. Reeves, commander of the fleet, to summon a naval board of inquiry into swift session. Representative Slrovh (D., N. Y.), chairman of the house patents committee, said his investigation into alleged industrial control of patents would be widened to inquire into the crash. Advocates of lighter-thjan-alrcraft a.s part of the nation's defenses were calling for a .suspension of judgment until all the facts were gathered and Brig. Gen. William D. Mitchell, former chief of the army air corps, said the Macon and other na-vy dirigibles have "not had trained crews." The accident, he said, "should not affect the policy of building commercial warships to be operated in conjunction with the Graf Zeppelin so as to train American crews." The German craft, he said, has traveled 600,000 miles and crossed the Atlantic about 74 times with "never any accident at all." "Those men are trained men," Mitchell added. "It is imposlsble to take naval officers and rotate them between airships and battleships. I don't know if that caused the Macon's trouble, but men have to be specialists to handle dirigibles." The crash was termed "shocking and regrettable" by Rear Admiral Ernest .J. King, chief of the bureau of aeronautics. He declined to say anything further pending more information. o CAPTURES BIG LOBO CROSBYTON, Feb. 13. (AP) — Billie Tremble, who has been trapping in the "brakes" off the cap- rock In Dickens county, reports that recently he captured a lobo wolf five feet, six inches In length. A lobo wolf Is rare in this section, trappers state. Coyotes are more common. Tremble has caught ft number of coyotes, several good si7,ed bcfbcats, a few coons and some skunks. There was an increase in world deaths from plague in 1933 of 27,000 over the previous year. Have your shoes fitted at Kees & Thomas. (Adv.) How Calotabs Help Nature old To/T row Millions most vaiu/ble _---,— of colds. /They. taie-offS or two.taik? lets the ftrff iigpt and repcaftne third or flfUjOiight U^fleCaed. How <RT Calotfltfs help Nature throw off a,coTd? First, Calotabs nre one of the most thorough and de- nendrtBle of all intestinal eliminants, fcMis cleansing the Intestinal trncf-of 'the germ-laden mucus and tonnes. SecorM, Calotabs, kUlftejf»r--pii*lffBt!nB'' tfi poifeptts frortythe ab* sJErve thwdbuble tive r.nd diu»8* are needs* 1 'Hi th* , •'"-. "/ 's ..fit* quit* economical; onTy twenty-five cenlifor the family package, tfjh cents T8r pie trial package. CjMy.) I — loover Resounds Liberty Beliefs, Praises Lincoln NKW YORK, Feb. 13. (/!')—Her- jcrt Hoover sees violation of "fundamental American liberty" as a ;hreat to the "life principle" of the nation. That was his warning at a Lincoln day dinner of the national republican club last night at whicl :ie called Abraham Lincoln an "inspiration" to America in the presen period of its history. "Lincoln was a great liberal," sale the former president last night 'He believed passionately thai Americans should be masters of the state and not the pawns of the state. He believed a fundamenta spiritual truth has been rcvealec to humanity in the conception o personal liberty as a basis of society "Whatever violates, infringes o abrogates fundamental American liberty' violates the life'principle o America as a nation." Lincoln in himself, he said, wa: 'the highest expression of America: and oase saddle." covering, and a; pack That Juan Leal Goras, sometimes called Juan Leal, was recognized by the Spanish authorities as spokes- inan for the colonists is evidenced by the portion of the docu merit which outlines the tools anc implements which each settler was, to receive. Cognizance is also takei of the fact that some of the Islanders were unable to write. After listing .the personal belongings to be givei to each individual, the order continued: "This delivery having been madi as stated, with the intervention o: Francisco Duval and Juan Leal head of the first family, they wil also be charged with the tools tha they receive so tr^at they may deliver them with all care and equity as follows: "Two axes, two ploughs, two ma chEtes, two crowbars, ten saws, ter adzes, ten chises, twenty pough Shares, strengthened with steel, two paddles, tencomales (pottery vesse Used for cooking tortillas) and tei tents with all their framework. "In this manner delivery wa made to each one of the 56 person who make up the families men tioned, and each, one of them wha was thus his shave, received all tha was coming to him as expressed ii detail-for each- They received thi ip person and before Don Franciscc Jjiomtngo de Laba, alcalde mayor o tWs Jurisdiction, and with the helj: pi the present royal notary publi ft*this town. J pei'tify tiuvt thijB' Mr. Hoover was introduced by Co! Theodore Roosevelt, who declared the new deal administration had flouted the constitution and shakei the foundations of liberty and dem ocratie government. WHEELER COUNTY RECORDS Oil filings for Monday, Jan. 11: MD—Southland Royalty Co. ti C. A. Fleetwood, 1-32 int S 1-2 Sec 48, Blk. 24. Dated 2-3-35. MD—C. A. Fleetwood to Ralpl Hochstetter, 1-32 int. S 1-2 Sec. 4 Blk. 24, dated 2-8-35. , MD—F. A. Sansome to T. B Rucker, 1-80 int. NW 1-4 Sec. 48 Blk, 24, dated 2-5-35. TOL—James G. Cloud to E'the M Cloud, E 1-2 of W 1-2 of 1-4 Sec. 45, Blk. 24, Dated 2-4-35. OL—Fain McGaha Oil Corp. e al to James G. Cloud, E 1-2 of 1-2 of NE 1-4, Sec. 45, Blk. 24, dat ed 1-7-35. MD—Joseph Cohen to Common wealth Trust Co., 1-160 int. NE 1- Sec. 48, Blk. 24, dated 2-5-35. MD—Thos. H. Brown to Sue B lines, 1-157.5 int. NW 1-4 sec. 49 Blk 24, exc. 2 1-2 acres, dated 2-5 35. Mineral Deeds from General In dustries Corp. Ltd. on NE 1-4 Set 51, Blk. 24, to the following: Walter B. Power 1-80 int. A. W. & Hilma, Anderson 16-176 int. Christopher Schmidt 32-1760. J. M. Hall et u.x 1-320 int. Elmer Vanderburg 1-40 in. Maria Hartmann 1-160. Mary E. Cooper & Henry R. Reynolds 1-320 int. Ethel Thomas Norris 1-320 int. Josephine Flew Gaige 1-160 int. Neils Monson 1-320 int. Jewell Bennett 5-1760 int. John Heron 5-3520 int. Rebecca S. Merebau 1-160 int. Geneva Dunlap or Zero 5-320 int. W. Stanley or Elnora H. Williams 1-160 int. Frances B. Michel 1-160 int. John A. Low 1-160 int. Getting a license in New York, nrniriagn and tailing; on a. honeymoon trip to Europe took only a few hours fur Paul Mellon, top, only ^011 nf Andrew Mellon, Pittsburgh financier, and Mrs Mary Conovcr Brown, below, who surprised friends with their speedy nuptials. Mrs. Brown was divorced last summer. Fran Hauptmann Fate of Bruno KAMENZ, Germany, Feb. 13 (/P)— 'ran Paulino Hauptmann displayed none of her son's stolidity today is she anxiously awaited news of :he jury's verdict determining Bruno Richard Hauptmann's fate. "I hope this nervous strain of the last few days will at last bo taken "rom me," Hie nvithcr of the man accused of the murder of the Lindbergh baby said as she returned from her morning constitutional. Tho townfolk of Kamenz were one in wishing that Fran Hauptmann's "faith, in her son might not be disillusioned." Restlessly pacing her small living room, the 09-year-old woman had difficulty in concealing her agitation. "You sec," she said, pointing to an elderly woman sitting on a sofa, a niece of mine has come here to l'Jile away the time and help me over the last and most decisive hours." Frau Hauptmann said her eldest sen. Fritz, who is in Dresden, is similarly concerned over the outcome of the trial. ' "He has talked the matter over with various lawyers, who are his customers," she said, "and all agreed the trial is based on insufficient evidence." DR. G. C. BRUCE SPECIALIST Practice limited to the treatment of pcnlto-Urinarj 1 , Blood and Skill piscases. Forrafcrly' of ufot §.prlng» Ark*Ws andjSVmaf/ilo, Texas. V / (19.yca _ ''N»:'S / First National Dank Bldg. Pampa / Texas To See Comfortably —See— DiryBaul Owen* Th/ Optomptrjjrt' Wo Kpfcinljce fn filling' ymnforlnble GlnaBi'8 uu/wori as jjKe/nywi-Ht ntyka. OH. PAUL OWENS, ()pti»inctrllit. Firsl NaCional Bank BUg. Phon« Z69 Satisfaction tuaranteed^ Cars called for and delivered.'^ BEST AT EASE Let us build you an innerspring mattress, upholster and refinUh,. your furniture. Old Jiiattresses piade now. • Mow/ mattresses made'^ to orders ./One da/ ,6e5Vio* . Work enaraiittccT/ • / TAMPA CJPJiOLS'JMElUN.a COMPANY Phone 188 — 8J4 W. Foster ME 36 Reliable cpirriee •nd^eowrteou treatment; 96-day roar»nt*« •» all pay*. ,. / tRAoid LAB.. ,/ "v ROTHMOOR COATS AND SUITS' S \ Ifs af breath tuki^ group^' coatl in spirited Scotch-toned (tweeds - in/suave sleek dress w/ayes< x Short suits, long- suits,)finger tip. 91 s ! ta*uingv: 50/65^ - enough to start^Paris cabjlng | here X Other Rothmoors $29.75 to $45.00 'Tampa's Quality Department Store" The New Spring Fashions Are Here —See Them Every day we receive large shipments of new Spring ready-to-wear, piece goods, shoes, hats, etc., from the style centers of the world. Visit our store daily. We have many new things to show you. MARTHA MAID SLIPS Satins and crepes, form fitting styles "I with adjustable shoulder straps. Laca S trimmed. Tea rose and white ------NEW FOWNES GLOVES Blacks, navies, browns and whites to wear with the new spring cloth- f)(\/~ es. Select yours now. ^^"J t.~ SPORT HANDKERCHIEFS New line of California sports and evening handkerchiefs. They «^ ^^ add to any costume. *•* tLJ C «^ ^^ *•* tLJ NEW SILKS $]oo KAPCO WOOLENS $J9S m $225 Solids, checks and plaids in full 56 inch The popular luH'etus and Kilk seersuck- w j f uh woolens. Select a length tomor- ers in the best shades for Spring- wear. row. SKINNERS SILK Children's WASH DRESSES $ J25 . $195 . $2^5 Presenting: Uic onr- cyclct tic in black kid with cutout vamp and trim of white kid. Chinese heels (scufflcss) and over the "150" last. $050 8 Solid and floral designs in beautiful silks that will be popular throughout Prints, batistes and linens, ages 2 to 6 the Spring and Summer. years. All the new Spring shades. A new four-eyelet oxford of all-over soft black kid in c o n t r a st ing gray trimming. Over the "380" last with the new C o n it 111 ental heel.
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