Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on September 23, 1935 · Page 4
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 4

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MS Should Constitution Of United States Be Changed? - - Here It Is CONSTITUTION \' of the UNITED STATES The Constitution of the United States Is divided Into seven Articles, (supplemented to 1934 by twenty-one Amendments. The text follows, with preambles • • THE CONSTITUTION PREAMBLE We, the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, Insure domestic Tranquillty, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, nnd secure tbe Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain nnd establish this Constitution lor the United -States of America. ARTICLE I. Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested In a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors In each State shnll have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, nnd been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, nnd who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State In which he shall be chosen, Representatives ami direct Taxes shall be apportioned nmong the several 'States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for n Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, In such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty' Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode- Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut live, New-York six, K'ew Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten. North Carolina five, South Carolina live, and Georgia three. When vacancies happen In the Representation from any State, tlin Executive Authority thereof shall Issue Writs of Election to (ill such Vacancies. The Mouse of Representatives shall chuse tbnlr Spe.ikor and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. Section 3. The Semite of the United States shall lie composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Immediately after they shall bt assembled In Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally ns may lie Into three Classes. The Se;il.i of tho Senators of tbe first Class shall lu> vacated at the Expiration <\t iln< second' Sear, of the second Class al tbe Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may he chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Itecess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies. No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected be an Inhabitant of that State for which he slmll be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided. The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore. in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When Bitting for. that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States Is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Perron shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.. Judgment in Cases ot Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Qfllce 0* honor, Trust or Profit un- fter the United States; hut the Party coavjcted shall m ,.|-theless be liable ftnd subject to Indictment, judgment W4 Puoighnient, mm* «* tows* Election* be prescribed la each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter stich Regulations, except ns to the Places of chusing Senators. ' The Congress shall assemble at least once In every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Mon r cloy In December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day. Section 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of Its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, nnd may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, In such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the Rules of Its Proceedings, punish Its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member. Each House shall keep a Journal of Its Proceedings, nnd from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may In their Judgment require Secrecy; nnd the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of onis ilfth of those Present, be entered on the Journal. Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that In which the two Houses shall be sitting. Section 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall In nil Coses, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and In going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate In either House, they shall not be questioned In any other Place. No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, bo appointed to any civil Ofiico under the Authority of the United States, which slmll have been created, or the Emoluments whereof slmll have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Olllce under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance In Ollice. Section 7. All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before It become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he opprove he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it slmll have originated, who slmll enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shnll agree to pass the Bill, It shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and If approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, nnd the Names of the Persons voting for nnd against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by tlie President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after If shall have been presented to him, the Same slmll be a Law, In like Manner ns If he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent Its Return, In which Case it slmll not be a Law. Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repasse'd by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed In the Case of a Bill. Section & The Congress shall have Power To lay nnd collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts nnd provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout tbe United States; To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes; To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States; To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting tbe Securities and current Coin of the United States; To establish Post Offices and Post Roads; To promote tbe Progress of Science »nd useful Arts, py-securing for limited T4n Inventors the their resp.ecttV9 To constitute Tribunals Inferior to the supreme Court; To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Sens, nn'rl Offenses agnlnst the Law of Nations; To declare War, grant Letters of Marque nnd Reprisal, nnd make Rules concerning'Captures on Land nnd Water; To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be, for a longer Term than two Years; To provide and maintain a Navy; To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land nnd naval Forces; To provide for calling forth the Mllltla to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Mllltla, and for governing such Part of them ns may be employed In the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, nnd the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by 'the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings:—And To mnke all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carry- Ing Into Execution the foregoing Powers, nnd all other Powers vested by this Constitution In the Government of the United States, or In any Department or Officer thereof. Section 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be Imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person. . The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended unless when In Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require It. No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken. No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State. No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties In another. No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but In Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time. No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kln'd whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State. Section 10. No State shall enter Into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation ; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but Gold and silver Coin a Tender In Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility. No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its Inspection Laws; and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of tbe Congress. No State shall without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War In time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or In such Imminent Danger as will not admit, of delay, ARTICLE II. Section 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Tern? of four Years, and, together with the Vice President,'.chosen for the same Term, be, elected as.follows Each State shall appoint, in'such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representative's to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative, pt Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed «n Elector. The, fttector* 8b, a jl njeet {9, least snail not be (in tnnabltant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, nnd of the.Num- ber of Votes for each; which List they shall sljin nnd certify, nnd transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to tbe President of the Senate. The President of tbe Senate shall, in tbe Presence of tbe Senate nnd House of Representatives, open nil the Certificates, nnd the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, If such Number be a Majority of tho whole Number of Electors appointed; nnd If there be more than one who have such Majority, nnd have an equal Number of Votes, then the Mouse of Representatives shall Immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; nnd If no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the Llsf the said House shall In like Manner chuse the President But In chusing the President, the Votes slmll be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shnll consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to n Choice. In every case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President But If there should remain two or more who thave equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, nnd the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, nt the time ot the Adoption of this Constitution, slmll be eligible to the Office of President; neither shnll any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States. In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected. The President shall, at staged Times, receive for his .Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them. Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—"I do solemnly swear (or aflirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." Section 2. The President shall be Commander In Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called Into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer In each of the executive Departments upon any subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment. He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, In the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments, Tbe President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which' shall expire at the End, of their next Session. Section 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and In Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as be shall, think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that tbe Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States. . Section 4, The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, $hall be removed f|pm Office pi} Jmpe%«S«iei>J foy s ARTICLE ITT. Section i. The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested In one supreme Court, and in such In ferior Courts ns the Congress may from time to time ordnin nnd establish. The Judges, both of the su preme nnd Inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shnll, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance In Office. Section 2. Tho judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, In Law nnd Equity, arising under this Con stitutlon, the Laws of the United States, nnd Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to nil Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;—to nil Cases of admiralty nnd maritime Jurisdiction;—to Con troversles to which the United States shall be a Party;—to Controversies between two or more States;—between n Stale nnd CIti zens of another 'State;—between Citizens of different States;—between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between n State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. In all Cases affecting Ambnssn dors, other public Ministers nnO Consuls, nnd those In which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shnll have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before men tloned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law nnd Fact with such Excep tlons, nnd under such Regulations as the Congress shall make. The Trial of all Crimes, except In Cases of Impeachment, slmll be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held In the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed. Section 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving thuin Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession In open Court The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life ot the Person attainted. ARTICLE IV. Section 1. Full Faith nnd Credit shall be given in each State to tbe public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner In which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof. Section 2. The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to nil Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States. A Person charged In any State with Treason, Felony, or othei Crime, who slmll flee from Justice, and be found In another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of tbe State from which be fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime. •No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, In Consequence of any Law or Regu lation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due. Section 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress Into this Union; but no new State shnll be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent pf the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State. Section 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domes tic Violence, ARTICLE V, The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of tbe several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, In either Case, shall • be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One Thousand eight hundred and .eight shall In any Manner affect the fleet fourth Olftuses Jn, ,fyp i ARTICLE VT. All Debts contracted nnd Engagements entered Into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be ns valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. This Constitution, nnd the Laws of the United States which shall be made In Pursuance thereof; nnd all Treaties made,, or which shall be made, -under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges In every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing In the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Alem- bers of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States, and of the several States, shall be bound by Ontb or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test slmll ever be required as a Qualification to any Olllce or public Trust under the United States. ARTICLE VII The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same. done In Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September In the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Indepemlnnce of the United States of America the Twelfth In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names, Attest William Jackson — Secretary Go Washington — 1'resldt and deputy from Virginia • New Hampshire — John Lnngdon, Nicholas Oilman. v Massachusetts — Nathaniel Gor- bam, Uul'us King. Connecticut — Win Sauil Johnson, Roger Sherman. New York — Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey — WH. Livingston, David Brcnrley, Wm Paterson, Jonu. Dayton. Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt Morris, Goo. Clymer, Thos Fitz-Slmous, Jnred 'in. gersoll, Jnuies Wilson, Gouv Morris. Delaware — Geo. Read, Gunning Bedford jun., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, .laco. Broom. Maryland — .lamos. Mctlenry, Dan Of St Thos. Jenifer, Hani Carroll. Virginia — Jolin Blair, James Madison Jr. North Carolina — Win Blount, Richd Dobbs Spulght, Hu •Williamson. . South Carolina — ,1. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth I' I n c k n e y, Charles Pluckney, Pierce llutler. Georgia — William Few, Abr Baldwin. lu .Convention Monday September 17th 17S7. Present The States of New Hampshire, Mnssacluisi'Us, Connecticut, Mr Hamilton from New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware-, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Resolved, ( That the preceding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress assembled, and that It is the Opinion of tills Convention, that it should afterwards be submitted to a Convention of Uelugates, chosen In each State by the People thereof, under the Recommendation of its Legislature, for their Assent nnd Ratification ; nnd that each Convention assenting to, nnd ratifying Hie Same, should give Notice thereof to the United States in Congress assembled. Resolved, That It is the Opinion of this Convention, that as soon as the Conventions of nine Stated slmll have ratified this Constitution, the United States In Congress assembled should fix a Duy on which Electors should be appointed by the -States which snail have ratified the same, and a Day on which the Electors should as< semble to vote for the President, and the Time and Place for commencing Proceedings'' under thU Constitution. That after such Puo- licatiou the Electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Rep< reseutatives elected: That tbe Electors should iueet on the Day fixed for the Election of the President, and should transmit their Vote* certified, signed, sealed and directed, as the Constitution requires, tu the Secretary of the United States In Congress assembled, that the Senators and Representatives should convene at the Time and Place assigned; that the Senators should appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole Purpose of receiving, opening and counting the Votes for President ; and, that after he shall be chosen, the Congress, together with the President, should, without Delay, proceed to execute this Constitution. . By tbe Unanimous Order of the Convention- ^ • Go Washington Presldt W. Jackson Secretary, AMENDMENTS. Articles in addition to, and 'Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures >of the several States, pursuant {o the fifth Article of tbe original Constitution. Congress shall make no Jaw respecting an'estftbllshnienj; tf ?e- Pf 'FoWWJtaSf &e IJPM SI*. Government tot a reflress of grievances. ARTICLE II. A Well regulated Mllltla, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be Infringed. ARTICLE III. No Soldier slmll, In time of pence be quartered In any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor Ip time of war, but In a manner to be prescribed by law. AHTICLE IV. The right of the people to he secure In their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches "and seizures, shall not be violated, nnd no Warrants shall Issue but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be seaiched, and the persons or things to be seized. ARTICLE V. No pel-son shall be held to nn- swer for a capital, or otherwise Infamous crime, unless on a presentment or Indictment of a Grand- Jury, except In cases arising In the land or navni forces, or in the Mllltlu, when In actual service In time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put In Jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled In any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of ll'fe, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. ARTICLE VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a spee'dy and public trial, by an Impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime slmll have been committed, which 'district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of' the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses In his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. ARTICLE VH. In Suits at common law, where the value In controversy shall exceed . twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined In any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of tbe common law. ARTICLE VIH. Excessive ball shall not be required, nor excessive fines Impose'd, nor cruel and' unusual punishments Inflicted. ARTICLE IX. The enumeration In the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. ARTICLE X. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by It to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to tbe people. ARTICLE XI The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit In law or equity, commenced or* prosecuted against one of the United. States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign. State. ARTICLE XH. The Electors shall meet In their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and ' Vlce-Prest dent, one of whom, at least, shall not be an Inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots tbe person voted for as Pre'sldent, and In distinct ballots tbe person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the Unlted'States, directed to the President of the Senate;—The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, • open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;—The person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, If such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and If no person have such majority, then 'from the persons having the highest .number not excedlng. three on the list of those voted fo» ! as President, the House of Representatives shall choose Immediately, by ballot, the President; But''In choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from i two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not .choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon ; then), before the fourth day • of March, next following, then the Vice-PresWent. shall act as President, as In the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President—The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice- president, shall be the Vlce-Presl- flentj If "such, number b,e ft BWJorlty ft $e $b.?le, n^mb^r of $Jf ptors aj>; ,an,d,Jf go, p^gea fepfc a quorum for the purpose Shaft-icon-' slst of two-thirds of the whole nnfli- bar of Senators, and a majority of" the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally Ineligible to the of* nee of President slmll be ellglbld to that of Vice-President of ths United States. ARTICLE XIII. Section 1. Neither slavery nor Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the pnrty slmll have been duly convicted, slmll exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shnll have power to enforce this article by ap^ propriate legislation. ARTICLE XIV. Section 1. All persons born or naturalized In tbe United States, and subject to tbe jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States nnd of the State wherein they reside. No state shall mnke or enforce any law which slmll abridge the privileges or Immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within Us jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons In each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives In Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, Is denied to any of the male Inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one ye'ars of nge, nnd' citizens of the United States, or In uny way abridged, except for participation In rebelllori, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced In the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age In such State. Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative In Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of; any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged In Insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two- thirds of each House, remove such disability. Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, Including debts Incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services In suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation Incurred In aid of Insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held Illegal and void. Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. ARTICLE XV. Section 1. The right of citizens ot the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.-—— ARTICLE XVI. : The Congress shall have-power to lay and collect taxes on Incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard t° any census or enumeration. ARTICLE XVII. ' The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors In each State shall have the qualifications requisite fpr electors of the most numerous branch, of the State legislatures. When vacancies happen In the representation of any SJate in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall Issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may' direct. ;.'•''' This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election 1 or term of any Senator chosen, be* fore it becomes valid as part of tbe Constitution. ARTICLE, xvni. '•';•';• Section 1, After one year from the ratification of this article the rqmj- ufacture, gale, or transportation of Intoxicating liquors within, the lm- portatlon thereof into, or tbe export tatlon thereof from th* UnJJed; States and, -ell territory sgbjecf Jo Oje Jurlsdjctlpn thereof fo^ jiey§rs m h,er,e_by ... ^ ™%'fc 1 ^ffr*fF*ETf, *^^= 7 * , i*v«9 * ™j» ,JM>S$K «V SBter Wile % WJWWT te^tf?*" i *

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