Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on February 24, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

Corsicana, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, February 24, 1939
Page 1
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, Tv/ice-A-Week Visitor The Semi-Weakly Moraine Light carries local, state and world new* Into thoueande oi rural homes In Navarro and surround- Ing counties twice each week. Every worthwhile Item of news front) every point U thoroughly covered. EKLY fl Homeof tht Dally Sun and SemMUftekly Homing lightg FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE Fifty Yeari of Service) The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has been an outstanding progressive newspaper; working for the advancement of the Ctqijii communllles ot Navarro and adjacent counties for more than fifty years, tu success ls oound up with the growth of Rural life. VOL. UL CORSICANA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24. 1939. —TWELVE PAGES NO. 136. REJECT GUAM SEAPLANE BASE ADMINISTRATION IS BITTERLY ATTACKED BY "ALFALFA BILL" W. H. MURRAY, FARMER ,» GOVERNOR OF OKLAHOMA, ADDRESS CORSICANA 5. '* By PAUL MOORE, Dally Sun Staff W. H. (Alfalfa Bill) Murray, excongressman and former governor of Oklahoma, flayed President Roosevelt, his family and the new deal, appealed for a return to the constitution by Americans, withdrawal from the tendency of meddling >A'Hh other nations' business, and /warned his hearevs against the results and motives of the new deal with the declaration that war was sought for the purpose " of establishing a communistic dictatorship. The speaker, a former Navarro county school teacher and Cor- slcana newspaper editor In the 'DOs, addressed about 500 people In the district court room at the court house Wednesday. The meeting was arranged as a homecoming event for the distln- . gulshed former Corslcanan who was en route to his Oklahoma home following an address de- llvered earlier In the week at Houston. Governor Murray, as Is his custom, delivered his address while seated. Cnllicut Presided. J. S, Callicutt, former district judge, presided. In his introductory remarks, Judge Callicutt referred to the contribution to Oklahoma by Navarro county, recalling the T. P. Gore, a senator; Claude Weaver, a congressman end Murray, congressman, govorr -r and chairman of the constitutional convention for Oklahoma, all formerly resided ''Tin Corslcana. Chairman Calll- ••':<&!£• -presented JLtphard Mays who -Uttyduced the *, spea; S B?" -Mr. aya said the purpose of the meeting Wednesday night was a social gathering. He recalled the record ot Murray In} Corslcana and Navarro county, .the debates during the Populist "times.- • 'He termed the speaker as a man who stands by his conviction^ even when it caused his political defeat and termed him a fear- See " Visits Old Home W. H. (Alfalfa Bllll) Murray, (above), delivered an address at the court house In Corslcana Wednesday night, the greater part of his time being devoted to criticism of the New Deal policies of the Roosevelt Administration. MYSTERY SURROUNDS REPORTED SINKING SHIPJYTORPEDO NO SIGNS WRECKAGE IN REPORTED VI||NITY; TWO SUBMARINES SIGHTED O'DANIEL DECLARES PEOPLE ARE BACKING TRANSACTION TAX GOVERNOR SENT HOUSE BIG BOX MAIL ON MATTER; NO ACTION TAKEN ON IT — Orj-an ' AUSTIN, Feb. 23.—W— Governor W. Lee O'Daniel told the house of representatives today communications he had received were almost 40 to 1 for his transactions tax program. O'Daniel "sent House Speaker R, Emmett Morse a big box filled with letters, postcards and petitions which had flooded the governor's office from all parts of the state. He suggested that any Interested house member look through tho communications and they then be made available to the senate. No official action was taken on the governor's letter calling attention to the communications. Rep. Harold M, Hankamer facetiously suggested the matter be "rc-fer- red' T from the legislature to the governor's office. Rep. W. J. Galbreath of Wharton, strong 1 critic of the transaction tax, commented that "you don't need to leave any of those letters with me." House constitutional amendments and revenue and taxation committees started a hearing Wednesday of last week on various new tax proposals but had given no Indication they would formulate a program in the near future. More Money For Stamp* Shortly after O'Danlel's communication was read, the house completed legislative passage of a bill appropriating an additional $2,600 to tho governor's office for stamps and miscellaneous office needs. Mall received by the governor, who broadcasts over' a radio network every Sunday, Is much heavier than that of arly preceding chief executive. j The appropriation 'bll' also obn- . ieirch was abandon- Mexico Refused Buy German Planes / With Oil Export MEXICO CITY, Feb. 23.— (JP)— United States Ambassador Jose( , phus Daniels announced today he had been Informed that the Mexican government had rejected a ' proposal to purchase 17 German planes in a barter deal for Mexican oil. It was understood on good authority that Daniels, learning of '.-,'•• the projected trade, had registered objections. Since Mexico last March Is expropriated oil properties of IT American and British companies Germany has become a leading market for Mexican petroleum exports. .It was understood the American envoy told Mexican offilcals he looked with disfavor on the proposed purchase from Germany of commercial planes which easily L could be converted Into war j^^O planes. ^B • W. R. Davis, New York oil man ^H y.-°. l wo . R1 ?. nt . na ago negotiated a "' • $17,000,000 oil barter contract with Mexico under which most of the oil Is to go to Germany, recently registered at a Mexico city hotel. At the same hotel was stopping a German believed to be a representative of the Junkers Aircraft firm. Both were said today to have left Mexico City. It was understood Davis was trying to arrange the deal tor the 17 planes men- tloned by Ambassador Daniels. ed 'today for the unnamed vessel which yesterday crackled out a sudden" SOS, reporting she had been torpedoed near the Azores, and the beclouded affair' appeared likely to be recorded as another mystery of the sea. The, radio marine station here reported t he Greek steamer Moun't Pelion had given up its search of the area named In the distress message— signed only by the - 1 unlisted letters "PEUC" — some hours after the British liner Empress of Australia had abandoned the fruitless hunt. Neither vessel found any wreckage ' or other trace of a torpedoed ship. Only silence greeted those who listened .constantly on the International distress and calling wave for any further elucidatfbn of the SOS. One possibility after another was abandoned by government' ' officials • and shipping In this country and Europe as thej> sought to Identify the vessel < ttfat might have been IvolveoV The 'British oil-tanker Fecten, listed for a time as a. possible victim, was discovered this morn- Ing to be afloat and untroubled, and proceeding- toward her destination land. of Southampton, Eng- Concerning the possibility that the SOS might have been a hoax, officials here said tho message itself was undoubtedly genuine. They explained that the distress call was re-broadcast by other vessels after It was first picked up, as Is the custom when a stricken ship Is in grave danger. Hearn In London Also The message first was received here from the American freighter Tulsa, but later a London station reported It had heard what apparently was the original broadcast. It was picked up also In the Azores. The mystery deepened when the Portlshead Radio station, England, reported the British tanker Pecten had accepted a radio Inquiry from the Associated Press at 3:23 a. m., C.S.T., giving assurance that the tanker, believed See TORPEDO, Page 2 WITH AGE GROWING HEAVY UPON HIS SHOULDERS GEN. PERSHING HAS SLOWED DOWN LIFE'S TEMPO TUCSON, Ariz., Feb. 23 i With age heavy upon his shoulders, Gon. John J. Pershlng, just a yoar after his brush with death, la leading a quiet, secluded life, refusing Interviews, receiving only close friends, At this -time a year ago, the 78-year-old World War commond- er lay critically ill, but recovered In tho face Of complications which I; once a physician said "would have • •', killed any other man three days .1 ago." t! This winter the general has been far less active than during any of his previous visits. Recently he has been seen sitting In the sun at his resort hotel 'Cottage, chatting with , such old friends as Gen. Charles G. Dawes, the former vice-president, and Gen". James G. Harbord, with whom he was closely associated in, world w days, ^ On other warm days automobile rides take him Into the nearby desert, where in past winters he rode horseback with much of the zest he exhibited as a caval- ly officer. The general has made no pub- llo appearance this winter and accepts no social engagements. New Year's day General Per- shlng felt well enough to take his first automobile ride and five days later, In a ceremony limited to two minutes 'received from Henry H. Wilson, Lincoln, Neb., a badge . denoting BO years membership In the Masonic lodge, When feeling particularly well, General Pershlng works on his memoirs, which may be Into a motion picture. made . . . General Pershlng keeps informed ot International developments but, true to his often expressed pode ot a soldier, be avoids ex- 'ln opinions publicly, talned a $9,166 deficiency aflat ment to the general land 1 "offlceV'' The senate quickly approved and sent to the house several amendments to the state unemployment compensation act, chief of which would make benefits payable every two weeks Instead of weekly. Senator Allan Shivers of Port Arthur said the state would save $100,000 annually In administrative costs as a result. * Another amendment authorizes the unemployment compensation See LEGISLATURE"] Page 3. CLAIMED PRESIDENT HAS NO PLANS FOR NEW LEGISLATION SPEAKER BANKHEAD TELLS PRESS CONFERENCE OF PRESIDENTIAL IDEAS WASHINGTONT^Feb. 23.-(/P)— Speaker Bankhead told his press conference today President Roosevelt had "rather definitely stated" he did not Intend to propose additional now legislation to congress at this season. For this reason, the speaker said, pending legislation to change the social security law and provide aid for the transportation Industry and similar controversial proposals would largely determine the length of the session. The speaker refused, however, to predict a definite date for adjournment Earlier Senator McNary of Oregon, senate republican leader, had offered to cooperate In democratic efforts for early enactment of a legislative program and subsequent prompt adjournment of congress. McNary said republicans would offer no obstacles to speedy consideration . of measures which the administration wishes to bring to the floor. "All we want," he said "Is a reasonable amount of time to study each bill on its merits and we will be ready to vote." Senator Barkley of Kentucky, democratic leader, announced yesterday he planned to call the chairmen of major committees, all of whom are democrats, into conference later this week to attempt to line up a program. Although Barkley said he felt the legislative lull which has kept the senate In recess most of the time since congress convened January 3 was not unusual, McNary said he had experienced nothing like It in his 20 years on Caultol Hill. "The admlnlstraton does not seem to have a program," Mc- Narp declared. Chavez Takes Issue WASHINGTON, Feb. 23,—i Senator Chavez (D-NM) took issue on the senate floor today with a statement yesterday by Rep. Kennedy (D-NY) in which the latter asked the recall of Josephus Daniels, ambassador to Mexico, tot questioning by congress. "I cannot see any" ' sonable of congress „ ... qulrles from American representatives In foreign countries," Chavez told the senate, "but the American characteristic of fair play should impel us to wait until tho facts are ascertained concerning the kind ot service rendered by our S»? nything unrea- ss making in TEXAS STEER JUDGED BEST "Texas Superior," a Htfeford, -was adjudged grand champion steer of the Golden Gate Livestock show In San Francisco. Left to- right are Bruce Robertson, who showed the steer for, the owner, Clifford Jordan of Mason, Texas; Frank W. Clark, chairman of the state exposition commission,, and Leland W. Cutler,-president.of the .International Exposition.•»$ San Fnuiclsep, ; •• ., ...... , LOCAL MASONS HEAR JUDGE W. W. CAVES IN ADDRESSWEDNESDAY, MOST TROUBLES ATTRIBUTED TO FAULTS IN HUMAN MINDS BY SPEAKER Eternal vigilance Is the only guarantee of perpetual freedom members of the Masonic fraternity wore told Wednesday night by Judge W, W. Cavos of Henderson In the principal address at the annual Washington birthday celebration In the Cor- slcana lodge hall. Representatives were present from lodges at Eureka, Dawson, Frost, Blooming Grove, Hlllsboro, Rlchland, Streetman and Wlnk- ler in addition to Corslcana for the occasion. Members of the arrangements committee Included H. B. Bomar, Sam J. Holm and C. W. Taylor. Julius C. Jacobs presided at the meeting, and the speaker was Introduced by Mr. Taylor who was associated with Judge Caves while both were assistant attorneys-general several years ago. In his introduction Mr. Taylor paid tribute to Chief Justice C. M, Cureton, and then declared it was fitting that Masons should honor Washington as a member of the fraternity and also as "one of, If not the greatest citizen of the United States." Principles Unchanged. After a brief introduction In which he declared that principles of right were unchanged and most troubles could bo attributed to faults In human minds and intellects, Judge Caves asked why George Washington was an Individual that mankind everywhere was delighted to honor. He pointed out the "father of our country" was a man from any angle, and had been honored by John Ruskln and Federlck the Great from abroad In addition to the tributes of his own natlcn. He also recalled the traditional prophecy of an old Indian chief who opposed General See CAVES, Page 2~ City Police Start Cleanup Campaign Against $tray Dogs A cltywlde clean-up campaign against stray dogs, cats and other animals was under way Thursday and .city officials . warned citizens to keep their pets confined to private premise]. .A number of strays were reported killed -Wednesday and the campaign will be continued according to police officials until the, community Is rid of them. The campaign was started after two children had been bitten by prowling animals earlier In tho week, and It was decided to launch the • riddance drive as a precautionary, measures. City officers said neltl...- of the dogs biting the children were believed diseased • but. were only .vicious, REV. C. A. CALHOUN ' PRINCIPAL SPEAKER I32NDFJJANQUET WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY PROGRAM PRESENTED AT ANNUAL AFFAIR Officers and enlisted men of the Headquarters Battery, 132nd Field Artillery, National Guard, following'an annual custom, met Wednesday night for a Washington's birthday program and banquet at the I. O. O. F. hall. Principal speaker of .the' eve nlng was the Rev. C. A. Calhoun, pastor of the Lakeside Methodist church of Waco.. Rev. Mr. Cahoun spoke on "Wash- Igton As The Ideal American." Captain F. A.. Pierce, who organized the battery In 1922, Introduced all guests present and assisted with the direction of the program during the evening. F. H. Harvey, Jr., served as toastmaster. Mr. Harvey, before the beginning of the program, reviewed briefly the history of the organization, stating that since its establishment In 1922 the battery has graduated many of the community's most valuable cltl zens Into ull walks of life. Entertainment Features Among the entertainment features of the program was Miss Fern Thanert who presented two whistling numbers and returned later during the program to do a tap dance. Miss Thanert was accompanied by Miss Dorothy Kinkle. The Watson Sisters, a duet composed of Miss Francis Sommerall and Miss Gler\na Foster, sang two numbers. The Watson Sisters were followed by Richard Fowler, vocalist. • Speaking of George Washington as the Ideal American, Rev. See BANQUET, Page 2 What Congress Is Doing By The Associated 1'ress. TODAY' Senate. ' Considers extending export-Import bank and commodity credit corporation. House. Votes on -$6,000,000 ' Naval Improvements at Guam. Government reorganization committee Introduces new legislation. Labor committee opens- hoar- Ings on legislation to make CCC petrmanent, Banking committee votes on bill to Increase FHA Mortgage limit, Interstate Commerce Committee hears testimony of major railroads on transportation legislation. Agriculture committee studies cost-of-productlon farm bill. Judiciary committee discusses autl-trust problems with Thurman Arnold. Yesterday. , Senate passed $1,898,000,000 Independent offices appropriation bill, Senate Military committee approved army expansion bill. House tentatively approved all of. $53,800,000,:naval-.air base bill exo«pt •; .15,000,000'for Guam. MORGENTHAU SAYS BUSINESS NEED NOT FEAR ANYJEff TAXES TREASURY SECRETARY INDICATES BUSINESS WILL BE AIDED IN EXPANSION WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. — W 5 ) — Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau told business men today they need not worry about new taxes but may hope for improvement in present taxes to help business. Expanding on and endorsing President Roosevelt's statement of last week that business men need fear no now taxes, the treasury head said. , "I sincerely hope congress will take a careful look at tho tax laws and see If there are any deterrents holding back business and businessman from making further commitments. "I 'think he business man ought to feel that the administration wants him to go head and take normal business risks and make money." The secretary said definitely no tax proposals except ro-enact- ment of expiring excise taxes and possibly a measure to raise approximately $200,000,000 .for farm benefits, had been brought to his attention. Ha Indicated even proposals for new taxes to pay for Increased armaments have been sidetracked for fear of depressing business and he said It was "likely" further defense spending would be financed by borrowing 1 . . Morgenthau told a press conference ho was not willing to say, at least yet, whether there are any , deterrents to •business In present tax laws. He added that constant studies of taxes were being made in the treasury nnd If congress asked-rtop-^nly ,aug- '.gestlons >h« would, be ready to testify on the subject. The administration's only hope at present for Increased revenue, he asserted, was from stimulating business and business profits, thereby Increasing the yield from present day tax rates. xHe Indicated nothing would be done about taxes, however, until after March 15 Income collections are In and g-lve the treasury more definite revenue data to discuss with congress. _ SECRETARY WALLACE- DISCUSSES COTW SURPLUSJISPOSAL OUTLINES THREE PLANS AND INDICATES FAVORS%PORT SUBSIDY^ WASHINGTON, Fob, 28$-(/P)— Secretary Wallace optllned' today three possible plans for dealing with the large surplus of American cotton, then Indicated he favored some means of subsidizing exports. The administration's farm chief appeared before on several bills dealing with the cotton surplus. Declaring the present administration farm program was "fundamentally sound," Wallace said it had kept cotton prices from fall- Ing below /present levels, and the surplus from growing much larger than It now Is. At the same time, Wallace said the program could not continue' to pile up stocks of cotton under government loans and Ignore the decreasing exports ot American cotton to the world. Wallace said there were three possible ways of dealing with the surplus problem: 1. Continue the present loan program and find some way to place American cotton In world markets "on a competitive basis." 2. A program of Increasing cotton growers' Income so they would give up government loans and permit a large amount of cotton to flow Into domestic and foreign channels. 3. A plan for fixing a high price on domestlo cotton that would let the surplus ' flow Into world markets for what it would bring. Recalling that cotton growers had voted to continue the present control and benefit program with Its mandatory loans, Wallace said any change this year In loans "might be breaking faith with growers." Chairman Jones (D-Tex) of the house agriculture committee expressed the opinion, meanwhile, that the government may have to try' some new approach to solving the farm problem; Without elaboration, Jones asserted during cbmmottee hearings on cost-of-production bills: , "I'm not sure we're not going to have to work out something along a different line (than the present plan.") 7 While the two committees heard testimony on pending farm bills, authoritative clrblei forecast a change In administration farm price policies If American efforts Dies of Poison 0M ERPJMUM, ~ Ruth Breene Thompson (above), secret bride for two weeks of Tommy Thompson, star of the Tulsa university football team, died IB minutes after swallowing poison at Tulsa. Thompson said he asked her why she took the poison and "she shook her head." PREMIER DALADIER SAYS FRANCE WILL NOT BE BLACKMAILED FIRM STAND TAKEN ON PEACE WITH HONOR BY GOVERNMENT HEAD PARIS, Feb.- 23.—(fl>-France, with what Frenchmen considered Implied 'American and British support, today took the firmest stand for "peace with honor" she has adopted since Italy started tha campaign for a share of French African colonies. Premier Daladler, in a pointed address last night to the American club of Paris, made plain his government's policy of bending every reasonabo effort to maintain peace but refusing to yield to "blackmail." "We reject any idea of surrender," Daladler declared. "We cannot admit anything but poace with honor." The Premier's words wore Interpreted widely as a reply to American criticism, like that In the address by Senator Plttman (Dem., Nevada) denouncing the English - French appeasement, Daladler expressed confidence, nevertheless, in the "solidarity" of France and the United States In working for. liberty and democracy. United Stutzn Ambassador William O. Bullltt, outlining similar ideals, gave his assurance that "we feel that these are worth defending and we Intend to defend them." Tho ambassador said the United States was preoccupied, with. a "growing apprehension that If there should be a war In Europe, we might bo drawn into it." He added that "we know we will not start a war with any nation. We are not in the habit of start- Ing wars." The strongest applause of the evening was reserved for the Duke of Windsor, whom Club President Max Shoop Introduced with tho remark that his presence gave the occasion "triumvirate" nature. Despite shouts of "speech" the ex-king of Britain smilingly declined to address the club. Prime Minister Chamberlain at that moment was quoting Shakespeare In a speech at Blackburn, England, to the effect that "come tho three corners of the world In arms, and we shall shock them." Some saw the speech as another evidence of a hardening stand by the British and French See FRANCE, Page 2 HOUSE TENTATIVELY KILLS CONTROVERSY BEFENSEPLANITEM APPROPRIATION SEAPLANE BASE AT GUAM ELIMINATED FROM DEFENSE BILL WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. —W)—The house passed and sent to the senate to-day a $48,800,000 naval air base bill after stripping It of the controversial proposal to establish a base for navy scouting planes on the' far away Pacific Island of Guam. Final passage of tho measure, an integral part of President Roosevelt's emergency defense program, came after the house had confirmed by a roll-call vote of 205 to 168 an earlier vote 'to eliminate the $5,000,000 Guam project. Final passage was on a stand- Ing vote of 388 to 4. After three days of stormy debate on the project, the house adopted, by a teller vote of 193 to 164, an amendment by Rep. Sutphln (D-NJ) to strike th« $5,000,000 Guam Hem from 1 thej $53,800,000 naval air base bill. Under the rules, however, there still was a chance the house might reverse Its action. The vote came after the housev leadership had made a desperate last-minute attempt to head off the bi-partlsan drive against the project. Tho vote on tho Suthpln amendment came after Majority Leader Rayburn (D-Tex) descended to tha well of tho chamber and declared S"'omnly the United States "wants no war with anyone" and does not "covet a foot of land .that belongs to anybody else,!' Rop. Magnuson (D-Wash) to)d- the house that It the United ' States backed dowji. on' naval lrn»,« provements "on". Guam Japan woul*' vi "herald throughout .the far east'V v that thls'cbuntry was "afraid even to dredge a harbor" for fear the) .Japanese government would pro* test. Since 1026, Magnuson declared, Japan has fortified the entlr* length of tho Kurlle Islands-only 682 miles from the tip of tha American-owned Aleutian Island* and only 1,120 miles from Kodlak, Alaska where an $8,000,000 air. base would be established under tho current defense program. Want* America Impregnable. Sutphln said he believed lit "making America Impregnable to attacks by any nation," but that he could see no reason In tha world for extending the line of defense 6,000 miles into the Pacific, See DEFENSE, Page 11 Giant Clipper Ship Spent Last Night Gaiveston, NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 28.— "' Wj—The 74-passenger Boeing <i| Clipper No. 17, en route from,, ' San Francisco to Baltimore to be christened Into trans-AtlantlQ), service, alighted at Shushan airport here at 11:30 a. m. (Central Standard time) today. r}. She made a smooth landing? at the sea ramp on Lake Font- chartraln and was tied up to re* main at Now Orleans overnight, The Clipper flew here from Gaiveston, a 300-mile jaunt, post* ponliig her arrival In New Orleans one day because of ad« verse wind conditions on Laka Pontchartraln. GALVESTON, Feb. 23,-WV Booing Clipper No. 17 took pit from Bolivar Roads here at 9:30 this morning and headed eastward with Lake Pontchartraln • at New Orleans as the next stop en route to Baltimore. The 74-passenger clipper, which See CLIPPER, Paga 11 GOVERNMENT ECONOMISTS SEE FURTHER BUSINESS UPTREND TO, BEGIN DURING MONTtf OF APRIfe WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.— A group of government economists forecast today that a further business uptrend would begin In April. After an Improvement which carried the Federal Reserve board Index of Industrial production from 76 last May to 104 In December, factory paces have been unchanged since Christmas. The economists who advise major federal departments viewed this recent leveling off as a necessary breath-catching pause. Pro- ductlon, they said, got ahead of consumption, but now the two appear nearly In balance, since re- tall trade has been holding up well. Government spending , home building, and possible utility and railroad spending* are among factors which the economists named in predicting further, .upturn, Private prognosticates also have been optimistic recently, Including Col, Leonard P. Ayres of Cleveland, who said last week "business gains so far attained are Hkoly to be pretty well hold, and^ 1 that now advances may well be expected." Administration 'officials h»v« said little publicly about tha alt- uatlon, although Secretary Mor- genthau of the treasury told a, . house commttoe In January u,9 looked for some Improvement this year. • President Roosevelt asserted business need not worry about new taxes, the TVA mad« a deal to buy the Tennessee properties, of the Commonwealth and South- < ern Corporation, thus ending: a, long dispute, and. Secretary of < Commerce Hopkins;Is jwtpeotod ,,to 5 • emphasize bus|ne«|v cp t operatlfln t Jp> Bee

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