9*tf»m* *tm Friday. January 31. 1969 ffiaa&gss^aregftra^ Editorials And Features Cooling Trend Since 1950 Changes Weather Winters aren't what they used to be, say climatologists, and they aren't talking about the blizzard of'88. Since about 1950, a cooling trend has made winters a bit harsher and summers slightly milder in both North America and Europe. This reverses a warming trend that took place during the first half of the 20th century, says the National Geographic Society. Paradoxically, the experts suspect that man-created pollution is responsible for both trends. The warming may have been caused by carbon dioxide, produced by burning coal and oil. The cooling may be due to other forms of pollution — dust and smoke and other particles man is spewing into the air. One scientist with the Environmental Science Services Administration estimates that the carbon dioxide naturally present in the atmosphere keeps the world about 20 degrees warmer than it would be if the gas were totally absent. A 10 per cent increase in the amount of carbon dioxide, which is an efficient absorber of heat, could raise temperatures in the lower atmosphere by one-half a degree Fahrenheit. An The Smile... It looks as though one good deed is about to begat another in transportation. What is hopefully a new era in passenger trains is barely under way with the introduction of the new high-speed express between New York and Washington. Now comes word that railroad employes are receiving special training in what was almost a lost art — treating passengers well. The Penn-Central is putting some 3,000 on- and off-train personnel through a passenger - relations course stressing courtesy and efficiency. Like the galley-type dining facilities the new trains feature, it is something borrowed from the airlines. The "coffee, tea or milk" and cataleptic smile routine of the stewardesses may at times seem over-done, but it has helped to sell flight as a pleasant way to travel. Treating the paying passenger to a smile instead of a snarl is not going to hurt the effort to lure a good share of the traveling public back to the trains. This is just about what the worldwide temperature increase has been since 1900. It doesn't sound like much, but it was enough to push the crop line on the Canadian prairies 50 to 100 miles farther north. On the other hand, dust and smoke reflect some of the sun's heat back into space. We are currently manufacturing, warn the climatologists, a nebulous veil of dust that is virtually encircling the world. Mankind evidently has two alternatives before it. Either we pour more carbon dioxide into the air to counteract the effects of the dust, and then more dust to counteract the effects of the carbon dioxide, or we stop polluting the atmosphere entirely. It is not difficult to guess what it will have to be. There is no advantage in being comfortably warm if you can't breathe. Noninvolvement The more witnesses when someone is in trouble, the less likely that any of them will try to do anything to help. This lamentable "law" of human nature has been discovered by Dr. JohnM. Durley, Princeton University psychologist, and Dr. Bibb Latane of Ohio State after a three-year investigation into the way people respond to emergencies. The research was inspired by the murder of Kitty Genovese in New York in 1964, which took place before 38 passive observers. Re-enacting the incident in a laboratory, the psychologists found that 81 per cent of • their subjects gave help when they thought they were alone with the victim, reports Science Service. In groups of five observers, only 31 per cent reacted. The same thing was found in several different emergency situations. The more people there are, the more they pass the buck of responsibility. It's not that people are basically uncaring. The very presence of a crowd, say the psychologists, can force inaction on its members by implying, through its passivity and apparent indifference, that an event is not an emergency. Moral: If you ever get into a tight spot, hope that no more than one or two people are around when it happens. Enrich Your Vocabulary NEA Future Arabian Nights Aniwcr lo Previous Tunic ACROSS 51 Requires ,M1AI 1 Barmecide 6 Aladdin's wonderful 10 Peruvian mountains 31 Greek assembly place 13 Region in Greece 14 Wanly 16 Pert girl 17 Scottish dance 19 Total amount 20 Sinbad's bird 2! False gods 22 - - Baba 23 American essayist 25 Culture medium 26 Shade tree 27 Document 29 Stories 31 Mistress of Eden 32 Challenge 33 Amorphous volcanic rock 37 Dolt . 38 Truck, for example 40 Hebrew letter 41 Compass point 42 Frostcr, as of cakes 43 Half (prefix) 44 Geometric ratio 46 Saddle part 48 Minute groove 49 Moslem noble <v*r.) 50 Acorn, for instance DOWN' 1 Comprehend 2 Tempt 3 Mine entrance 4 Dry, as wine 5 Slavic empires 6 Coat collar part 7 Bedouin head cords 8 Gram molecule (var.) 9 Portend 12 Of the wing 13 Land measure 15 Norse mythical giant 18 Eternity 21 Small island SSJ1 H Moan] snag S§g HSSra raoigia R N 24 Depend 25 Peak 27 Barric character (2 words) 28 Caucasian language 29 Harasses 30 Impresses 32 Accomplishes 33 Hail! 34 Noted in detail 35 Domcslicalors 36 Wicked 33 Type of rifle bullet 39 Group of ci^ht 43 Widgeon 45 Exist 17 Botanical group (comb, form) TIMELY QUOTES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Some quotable quotes from women during the week: "I only wish his mother and his father could have been here. How proud they would have been."—Mrs. Richard M. Nixon after the inauguration of her husband. "It will happen some day and I hope I'm the one to prove that girls can ride against men and beat them."—Barbara Jo Rubin, 20, after a boycott by male riders forced her withdrawal as a jockey at Tropical Park, Miami. "I walked into Leger's studio and bought that painting for $1,000 on the day Hitler walked into Norway. Leger thought I was crazy to think about paintings when the war was beginning."—Art patroness Peggy Guggenheim to newsmen at a New York exhibition of selections from her famed modern art collection. Smjtntun Fred Hartmm ............................ Editor and PublUher BUI Hartman ................................. General Manager John Wadley ................................. Businesi Manager Bcui&h Mae Jackaon ................ Awistant To The Publisher Paul Putman ....................... Anlatant To The PublUher Ann B. Pritchett ................................ Office Manager EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Prwton Penderfras* ........................... Managing Editor Johnella Boynton ................... Assistant Managing Editor ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT Dv/ight Moody .................................. Retail Manager Corne Laughlin .............................. National Manager Entered a* aecond das* matter at the Baytown, Text*, 77520 Port Office under the Act of Congress of March 3, 187». Publiihed afternoons, Monday through Friday, and Sunday* by The Baytown Sun, Inc. at 1301 Memorial Drive In Baytown, Tex**. P.O. Box 90, Baytown 77520 Subscription Rates By Carrier 11.95 Month, J23.40 Per Tear Single Copy Price lOc Mall rate* on request Represented Nationally By Tex*s Newspaper Representatives, Inc. KXKBER QT TJOC ASSOCIATED PREM »* TUl. A !E£l^Ji. £2n'li t ? ui i!r <l "!S!. u " v ^ ly to ^ "*« for r»f»wi«*uon to »"T n«wi itlriwtohM or«dlt«d lo It or nM othirwlM credited In th'« D&MT »od local nnra of •ponuncoiu origin pubUtfxd h««ln. Ujghu of rtputllitTon of toe»ln<r», or «pont«ntoui ortun publt**! b*r»ln. Rjftiu of rapubUmUoB at "We're supposed to be starting a new life but we're not. We're just waiting for our husbands."—Luci Johnson Nugent speaking for herself and her sister on returning to Texas with their parents after the inauguration of President Nixon. "It kind of worried me a bit when F couldn't tell them apart."—Mrs. DeWitt Bruce after a fingerprint expert finally decided which of her 6-month- old daughters was which. QUICK QUIZ Q — Which periodical has the largest circulation? A—"The Reader's Digest." There are 28 international editions in 12 languages which, added to the U.S. home edition, make a total monthly circulation of 17'/4 million. Q — What are asteroids? A—Sometimes known as planetoids, they are minor planets of the sun. These bodies revolve about the sun In a belt which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Q —What are the primary wing feathers of a bird? A—The flight feathers which grow on the hand of a bird. Human Resources Valuable By JOHN CUNNIFF AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Corporate financial reports often detail precisely the value of financial and physical assets, but sel- .dom if ever do they even attempt to assess the worth of a company's human resources. Because of this, a tiny minority of business professors and accountants are beginning to insist that the net income statements of corporations not only are inadequate but may be misleading. Dr. R. Lee Brummet, a certified public accountant and a professor at the University of Michigan, and now deeply involved in research on the problem, states it this way: "High sales and profits can exist for a period during which there is an exodus of key people or when morale is deteriorating or when the organization may be going downhill in other ways." The opposite effect can be hidden too. A company's executives may be spending, investing and building for the future and, because this is not measured statistically, be unable to prove it until many years later. As an accountant, Brummet says, "I believe we cannot justify continuing to ignore so vital a matter as human resources and refuse to try to say whether they increase or decrease in value." These resources include the value of a firm's human organization, the education and abilities and morale of employes, customer, shareholder and supplier loyalty, reputation in the financial and neighborhood communities. The goal is to devise account-, ing tools to measures such assets. Brummet concedes that a solution isn't coming in the next few years but maintains that a measurement of human resources will be generally accepted by accountants 10 or 20 years from now. The research now under way, with the pn-the-job cooperation of R.G. Barry Corp. of Columbus, Ohio, and a few other companies, seeks to place human resources under measurement techniques similar to those used to survey and record physical and financial resources. "The problem," says Brummet, "is the extent to which we can succeed in getting reliable measures, because human resources have never been assessed in dollar terms." THOUGHTS So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. — Genesis 1:27. * * 0 God has put something noble and good into every heart which his hand created.—Mark Twain, American humorist. Apple for the Teacher Washington Merry- Go-Round— Peru Wooing Russia As Backstop To U.S. Moves By DREW PEARSON AND JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — The government of Peru, which hasn't had diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia for years, is now frantically palling wires to patch up diplomatic relations. The motive is to be able lo jockey the USA off against the USSR following Peruvian seizure of American oil properties and possibly copper companies. The new Nixon administration, which hasn't yet been able to find an Assistant Secretary of State to handle Latin American affairs, has until April 9 to patch things up. After April 9 the fat will be in the fire, and you may see the first country on the South American continent — Peru— go the way of Fidel Castro. April 9 is the date on which it is mandatory under the Hickenlooper Amendment to cut off the Peruvian sugar quota and alt aid to Peru in retaliation for the seizure of the International Petroleum Co. by the Peruvian military. The military have been armed by the United States and many of them trained in American military schools in the past. However, they constitute the most serious threat to U.S. Peruvian relations in a century. Some of the young officers have been studying the doctrines of DOCTOR'S MAIL.BAG Skipped Heart Beats Are Common Occurrence By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. (Last of Four Related Columns.) Q— I am a man, 59, and am troubled with skipped beats. My doctor says it is only nerves. What do you think? Is any treatment needed? A— Skipped beats are common. Everyone has them at times but some have them more than others. Although smoking, worry and nervous tension cannot be said to be the cause, they do aggravate the condition. In most cases, no treatment is needed. But if the tension is severe, a mild sedative might help. paroxysmal tachy- cardia serious? What causes it? Can a person get over an attack without medication? Can the victim live a normal life? A— In most cases, attacks of paroxysmal tachycardia are frightening but not serious. During an attack, the heart rate may be between 120 and 200 beats a minute The cause is an irritation of the nervous mechanism that controls the heart beats. The attacks come and go in paroxysms even though no drug is taken to control them. If you can adopt a philosophical attitude toward the attacks, there is no reason why you can't live a normal me. Quinidine, an old standby, and propanolol, a new drug, are effective in con- trolDng the attacks. They must be taken under medical supervision. Q-What it fibrillation of the heart? What is an electric pacemaker? A—In fibrillation, the auricles may beat 300 times a minute. Because only every second, third or fourth of these gets through to the ventricles, the condition is known as heart block. A device that applies electric shocks to the heart about 72 times a minute will re-establish normal rhythm. This is known as a pacemaker. One type is applied to the chest wall externally and another, powered by a "small battery, may be sewn under the skin in the region of the heart. Q—After a heart block, can the heart return to normal? How far can a person who has had a heart block walk every day? A—Re-establishing normal rhythm in a person with a heart block may be accomplished with drugs in most cases. Except in an emergency or in a very serious case, this method is preferred to the electric pacemaker. Exercise is beneficial for your heart but the amount you should take and how fast you can increase it must be determined by your doctor. Bible Verse NOW WHEN Jesus was bom in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. Matthew 2:1 Mao Tse-tung and Fidel Castro. They are vehemently anti- American. Note 1 — it was a previous Republican administration under Eisenhower which tet Cuba slip into the hands of Castro by too much hand - silting. While the Cuban revolution drifted from bad to worse, the State Department under John Foster Dulles did nothing. Note 2 — Peru has sent a first class diplomat, Fernando Berkemeyer, to Washington as ambassador lo try to appease the situation. Berkemeyer long served as ambassador in Washington, and single - handed negotiated the sugar quota which Peru now enjoys. He shunned the lobbyists hired by other countries. Today, however, in view ol rapidly escalating political events and the do-nolhingism ol the new administration, he is helpless. THE NATIONAL Commission on the Cause and Prevention of Violence has been studying the 81 assassination attempts on the lives of American Presidents and prominent office-holders and has concluded that assassination may be becoming a way of life in the United States. The commission discovered that "Presidential assassins appear to have much in common. "Of the nine persons who made Ihe eight assassination attempts (on Presidents)," the report observes, "all were Caucasian males, smaller than average in stature, and obsessed with some cause of grievance that appears lo be almost delusional. "Except for John Wilkes Booth, all were virtually unknown; five were born abroad bul were U.S. citizens at the time of the attacks; and four had tried marriage only to fail within a short period. The socio-economic status of seven deteriorated during the year prior to the assassination attempt. All used firearms, and all but one used handguns, in their attacks. Thus evidence suggests that Presidential assassins may fit a psychological pattern." "The experience of other nations suggests that once assassination becomes part of a nation's political culture its eradication may be extremely difficult," warns the unpublished crime report. "The tragic murders of several national leaders in recent years have made Americans painfully aware of the vulnerability of prominent figures and have raised fears thai the United States may face a growing threat of political assassination. . . "As several of our Presidents have observed," the report continues, "it is difficult to prevent a determined assassin from killing a President, particularly when a mentally disturbed social isolate acts alone lo avenge some real or imagined wrong." The commission believes, however, that Ihe presidential risk can be reduced by throwing obstacles in the way of possible assassins. "It may be," suggests the report, "that presidential assassins are not nearly so determined to carry out their attacks as has ho«>n commonly supposed. Zangara would not leave the warm climate of Florida to carry out his plan to assassinate President Hoover; Shrank chose not to attempt assassination in Chicago in order to protect the city's reputation; and Guiteau postponed his attempt lo kill President Garfield because the President's wife was present. Efforts to increase Ihe difficulty of attacking a President may therefore yield significant results even though they will not deter the strongly determined assassin. There also appears to be a political pattern behind the assassination trend. "Several groups in our society," warns the report, "are impatient for, or threatened by, rapid social change. They tend to see the government as indifferent lo their needs and even as punitive towards them. The members of such groups are generally of lower socioeconomic status than the rest of society. "The lask force is sludying such groups — both black and while — and is paying particular altention to those who might be said to be part of a 'while ghello.' The National Advisory Commission on rural poverty has concluded lhat substantial numbers of white rural Americans are living in a state of poverty and cultural deprivation comparable lo that experienced by many black Americans; a similar conclusion might be warranted for some while urban residenls. 11 is from these 'white ghettos' lhal many exlremist and racisl organizalions such as Ihe Ku Klux Klan recruit their members." Meanwhile, the commission is conlinuing its study "to illuminate the fundamenlal reasons why individuals and groups choose violence againsl prominent persons as the means of solving their political or personal problems." Bridge Tips By Oswald & James Jacoby NORTH 4AQ742 VJ • AJ9742 + Q WEST(D) EAST *8 4953 VAQ84 V1097652 • K 8 5 3 «• Void * A K J 5 + ID 972 SOUTH 4 K J 10 6 VK3 • Q10G 4.8643 Both vulnerable West North East South IV Dbls 4V 44 Pass Pass Pass Opening lead—4 K All top scores aren't earned in duplicate play. Sometimes they are the result of pure unadulterated luck. Some five-card major bidders won't approve of the heart opening bid by Jake Winkman's pupil but it meets with our full approval. We see no reason to complicate our bidding by opening this sort of hand with a minor suit. We don't approve of North's double. A simple overcall is better with this type of powerful two-suit hand. Your partner won't know how strong you are but it won't matter. Somehow or other you always get a second chance to bid and can take strong action then. Anyway, North doubled. Winkman jumped to four hearts. He didn't hold any high cards but he wanted to do his best to shut South out. Pie didn't succeed. South managed to find a four-spade bid and it was up to West to take some action with his good hand. Author von Eisner has Winkman suggest a double. West can't tell that his partner has bid with no high card points at all. He also points out that a double would lead to a five-heart call by Winkman sitting East and might even result in East and West buying the contract there. However, the pupil passed. He opened the king of clubs and continued with the ace of 'hearts. Then he studied dummy awhile and led a low diamond. Declarer finessed but Winkman ruffed to hold South to his contract. I turned out to be an absolute top score for our hero! Somehow or other North became declarer at four or five spades at every other table. East would open a heart. West would take one heart; then a club; then try to cash either a second heart or club, whereupon North would wind up making five spades. Winkman didn't bother to point out that if East and West had staggered into six hearts they would have made it easily. It didn't matter. No one did make that bid. Q—The bidding has been: West North East South 1 + Pass 1 V Pass 2 N.T. Pass 4 V Pass ? You, South, hold: 4AQ6 VKJ7 +A104 +KQ108 What do you do now? A—Pass. You have your previous bids plus a couple of 10s but these 10s won't make a slam appear likely since your partner is willing to settle for game. TODAY'S QUESTION Instead of bidding four hearts your partner jumped to four no-trump over your two no- trump. What do you do now? Answer Tomorrow BERRY'S WORLD 'This will be one of our Washington biggest problems — dug-in bureaucrats!"
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