Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on February 10, 1935 · Page 5
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 5

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, February 10, 1935
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Page 5
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,. FEBRUARY 10, 193S TEXAS' m COLONISTS CAME BflMCANARY ISLANDS IN 1731 !-(Notc: The following to fine of « ftcrfM of weekly- nrtlclrs taken from the-Brjtnr Archives at tho- Unly<?rsity 6f Tfcxns. This collection, considered tnb Kfctitest Blnirle hlstorlr.nl trcnniirc diir the North American continent, tins Hftsn,, 'cntnlhtruod; anil in now heltm t'rfttislfttcd by the University of Texna. It, cpnsiStts .of 4QO.OIW pmzca of orlg- Jhnl- "'Spnnlfih 'handwritten HncuinentH cptriiirisljiirthe official archives of the MfcxicAn covernment for tho tlopart- me'nt 'of Bcxftr, which covered, almost tttti. tvh'tilo of what IB now the State of Te*ns, for the period from 1731, 6qo.n ftfter-'Tojns became n separate province of Mexico, to JS3ii, to the BatlM of San Jacinto. This series of firtlclM will consist 1 - principally of quotations from the documents, many 61 which have heretofore been unpublished, 'and will reveal for. the first tfftie' what actually transpired dnrinK tho century in which-Texas was transformed from a wilderness Inhabited only by savntre Indian tribes to an Inde- depcnilcnt American republic.) AUJ3TIN, Feb. 9,—If. Texas is proud p fthe little group or Aiiglo- Ameiicfins who came. to Texas In l$2i with Stephen F. Austin to colonize this territory, certainly too much attention can not' ba paid to the little band ( of 50 men, women and children who entered San An- tonlo.de, Bexar on March 9,'1731, having journeyed from the far-awny Canary Islands, their sea voyage being: followed by an overland trek by way of Mexico, D. P., to become the firsE officially fecbghteea colonists to be planted on Texas soil. From the Bexar archives—records cf the Department of Bexar—-now deposited in the library at the University of Texas, the epoch-mak- infj history of this little band cfln be reconstructed. The story must be recalled of the failure in Texas of the Spanish mission alone/as well as of the failure of the mission when guarded by the military garrison. A modified plan of settling citizen-soldiers had been tried in 1718, without success. A few years later, small groups,of colonists under the leadership of Spanish priests and on their own initiative settled at various points. None of these proved permanent. It was as'a last resort that the Spanish decided to try settling families other than.sol- diers, and of granting them municipal rights In the new territory. Severn! new features characterized this plan. Hitherto the arrangements for the settlements had been worked out by the' missionaries, of- ders had been issued by the viceroy, and all families brought In had 'been natives of Mexico. Under the new pifop6sal,f orders w«e iSStted/By th% King "of Spain,- at the sfggekfon ,of Marques ffe Sftn Mfeuef'de AgfuayB, and all colonists were to be brpugh/fc rrpnt'the danary Islands. At first it, had been intended to bring tw6 hundred families from the province o{ Tlascala, In Mexico, these being a. tribe of highly civilised Indians whose example It was thought would be valuable in teaching the Texas Indians to live in villages. Another two hundred families were, to be brought from the Canary Islands, these Islanders having In other similar projects proved loyal, industrious and intelligent Spanish .subjects. It was, however, finally decided tP bring the entire four hundred settlers from the Canary Islands, and orders we're given by the king to this effect. These volunteers were to be transported and maintained for one year>at government expense. Only a small portion of the proposed colony actually came/ however, the total number of persons reaching San Antonio de Bexar being only. 56. "To begin with, but ten ramifies, under the leadership of Leal Doras, who was 'tn|e oldest man among, them and one who subsequently received the greatest honors within their gift, started out from the Canary Islands," Mrs. Mattie Austin Hatcher, archivist in charge of the Bsxar collection In the University library, said in her article, "Municipal government of Sati Fernando de Bexar,' published in the Texas His- torical Quarterly In 1908. * month the number of families Jttfs increased from tenrto f if teem-'This tfas bMught abtmt by; marriage among trie colonists." • 1 A list of th? families was .taken Just before they l?ft.Quiiu(ii(;lan, a village near Mexico, o. P., oh Nov. 8,. 1730, as folloms; '"Joan Leal Ooras, and two sons; Juan curbeto,' wife; two sons, and one-daughter"; Joan Leal Jr.» wife, fotrr ;sotis, and' onei daughter'i Antonio Santos, wife, one eon, afnd three daughters; Joseph Madron, and wifes Manuel de Nte ( and wife;'Vicente Travieso, and wife; Salvador Rbdtt* gues!f wlfe f ahd'bne son j Franciscft de- Arocha., and wife; Antonio R(*d- rlguez, and'wife j Joseph Leal, and wife; Juan - Delgtfdo,-and • wife; Jo^ seph Oabrerftf: sorii and daughter.; Maria i Rodriguez Provayna; three sonsi and' three- daughters; Mariano Malanoj.two'sons, and one daughter t atidj.four single .men: Phelipe Beress, Joseph Antonio Perez, Martin Lo- r'enzp de.- Armas,- and Ignacio Lorenzo de Armas—a;total .eft fiftyrslx persons-and if if teen families, or.^ sixteen f amiliesi if r the. unmarried men counted; as a family M they some,- ttmes were," Mrs, Hatches-said.' "These fifteen families founded the villa of San Fernando de Bexar,'- 1 Mrs. Hatcher-continued. ."The'-set* tlement was given this name ^ in honor of the heir to the Spanish crown, although many persons desired to name it CasefUerte in honor of the viceroy- of' Mexico. AC£ord- Ink 1 to the: viceroy's orders it-was to be made a culdad, and created the capital ofiTexas because, It^ was.the first civil. settlement < founded; in, the province, by, Jamuies> from the Canaries.','" . i, ...... Most of the laws that were in- force at'the time. San-Fernando, was founded;are. contained >in the "Re- copilaclon-de .Leyes de.-los-Reynoside, las Indies,.'!-Mrs. Hatcher, pointed out The.ri.aw,,vHla; was-established and. governed, according, to these, law,s. ..According to, these, laws the, new settlers., were, created hidalgos and were given a municipal goverhT men.t, with.detalled.ins,tructions for laying off the town. Orders were given by the Spanish goyerilor. issuing grants of land to the .colonists, the head of-each family receiving twp. parcels of land.' It was.necessary to make two separate measures of -the: lan,ds,.on.e to show, the lands clear, and free from timber and another to record • the land-along the-San Antonio river in order to take into 'consideration the windings, of' this stream. The head of each, family, received a grant of the cleared land which- extended from; the limits of. the presidio,, oiv garrison, In a line north and :south, the 1*680,, varas of land being divided equally among (.henir -In adr dition, cash received. a ."suerte, 1 , or lot, of the. land along, the banks of the river, some, of .which were larger than oth'ers, due to the meandering of the stream. The four single men were reckoned in this.order as. pne family, and accordingly received one share of land between them. A General Motors Product i)RE people are .saying that. Buick.'s 193$ style ;is jfhe ope dis^ncti|e styJLe-^f the year. They are thl'"buy >; ior><9^. And so it is. Buick ' f ' i individual as Buick perform' s fdif£erenjt a ' ' \ ' f" ' '' ^en<mbUity»-afe superior* Gome in and see the 1935 ,vb- fne\ car with mere than 100 new imprpvqments e. comfort i •. .* widen,the.alreadjt^^^^ni^gin oTsafeTy saying, style' for 19: ance a Buick. that i . . . make raise the' Compare for*p*rt^,- and Buick its .Gptne in tod e finest perfor famous J&*rfS^4epe I fin6r / . . and I''"' ability,/yet \higher. l v for* jpiodel, price you no choice but r 1 'and Itake. a idemonstration. and up. Ltsl prices at Flint, Mich.,sulv jcct to clinnye without notice. Special ARE BUILT .1 . BUICK EodybyFlihet C OM]E IH AND SEE THE CAR WITH MORE 100 NEW IMPROVEMENTS Tofel^fairoa Monday Morhihf The '/New Phillips 66 Volatility Test Engine,"-Is an improvement over the traveling- laboratory which proved to b.e such a sensation in the. marketing centers -. of 'the middle west-last year. •• . 1 The apparatus includes a series at weather; maps, which illustrate the. Phillips principle ; -of Controlled Volatility. The test .enginei.is.a'late model-6 cylinder motor-taken directly, fron* stock. Various instruments have been .added 1 to duplicate 'actual driving.'conditions and & system of dial registers .developed • by Phillips Petroleum, company, research engineers' record" the performance of various gasolines scientifically. Samples of Butane, Propane and Pehtane are demonstrated to show the differing charactertics, of the hydro-carbpn compp,und§ whic.h..con- stitute gasoline,., / ': '.The demonstration arid. aceom^. ponying lecture by a competent research engineer is used in Phillips S^les Meetings to educate psrspnnel about the value of Voltality hj'gaso-: Ime. Phillips 66, according to of- fjeials, is not only high in Volatility than other competitive gaspljlnes, b$t is more:adequately balanced for se^soj; a ;, cBRdilitons,,. A(Jvwxt&s,ea oj Volatility as claimed by engineers arid demprtfteated; by., Wlip^ ,VoJa- tjlity test engine are snappier acceleration, easier; • star.Hn.gj ' grea,t?i' .economy and less crahK case" dilution. This unit Js coming to Pampa on T^rbnday, February 11, at 10 a, m. foi' a demonstration before, Rhltllps salesmen from Pampa, McLean, ghamrock, Mobeetie, Canadian arid \yhite Ds'er, ;V The public is cordially to attend the detndostratlon at B%BDa Motor company, 211 N. BallardTv Program b Due AMARILLO, Feb. 9.—An amblti- otis highway program ii\ district 4 of the state highway,, department is ex- pfected for 1935 by \y. J s Van Lond>on, division eqgirieer., . . '.Last year 83 miles of pavement and 88 miles of grading and, :struc.. twres were completed in division No. 4i' which includes 19 counties of the Panjiaadje. TMrfcoee-rn.^? .ofr the pavement was constructed as work jeiief p^pj^ts. 'Having' WP rk ls under, way , on opajects-.tota'Ung 171 miles of whjtch. §7'per cent of the ba^e or surfacing Jjajf been C0mpje|e4i YftOi-^ndon West Foster Pampfi ghoals and islands in the James riyer at Ricfenaond t ya., nearly, form a footpath Derosa ^ne stream but a, fej^ hundred yards'further-'down it bepomes deep enough for large Itearnera. ". ^ ' Have your "shoes'HtW ftt K«es THE REXALL DRUG STORES THEREE'S STQRE NO. 2 CORN£R-DRUG STORE NO. 3 LeFORS, TEXAS STOttE NO. 4 ROSE BLDG. EXCEPTIONAL VALVES SELTZER CASTORIA 25c BAYER ASPIRIN , 25c J5EIUJ8TS CAP.SULES. VALENTINE CANDIES (\LL PRISM HEW STOCK . .... -IM COBtEOL'S PACKAGES First Choice Gales is one candy that meets with unanimous approval wherever fine candy is enjpyed. Now Gales gives you a variety, of; sizes and prices —each package filled with an assortment of your favorite centers. See Gales Packages at the Re'xall Drug Store. VALENTINE PACKACES $1.00 COTY POWDER 75c VASEUNE HAIB OIL 50o IPANA Tooth Past« 70c SLOANS LINIMENT $1.00 MAJESTIC CRYSTALS SHAVING NEEDS LAVENDER SHAVE OKEAM, LGE; ...... 50c MENNEN'S SKIN BRACER 25c LISTERINE SHAVE CREAM .... 25c STAG, AFTER SHAVE TALCUM •.. 35c INGRAM SHAVE; CREAM;. .... 25c ASSORTED TALCUMS $1.00 ENDERS KAZOR and 5 1SLADES Customer perhaps nowhere are ideals and skill more clearly needed, than, in the 1 compounding of prescriptions. It is your druggists knowledge that compounds- the ingredients .... it is his integrity that provides fresh, drugs'.".' ..'it is' he who with care and mpdern^eqwiprnent, , determines the 'e Doctor's pres/e Expert knp ate equipmeri able you nes£ of ... your moflertt fresl the saTncTcQnfi- dence in our pre'Bcriptipn departments that tor. in your Doc- 75c DEXTRI- MALTOSE BRIDGE CARDS 2 PACKS BODY BUILDERS SSS TONIC .52.00 SIZE COD LIVER OIL IGi OZ $1,79 89c • SCOTT'S EMULSION $1.20 SIZE COD LIVER OIL '•TABLETS, MUTS. . PEPTONA $1.00 $1.00 MENTHO- LATUM f f 25c j ^ -,. .EJiNBTRO BEAUTY t 50e Woodbury.. Cream or Powder 35c Gutex Preparations 8.ac Fiancee ) Powder Cold Cream Full Pound Balm 55c Lady Esther Powder or Crsam Ific Woodbury Soap ! 75c -0. J. Beauty Lotion **eT 31c _ 69c ...... 49c 31c _45c _ 3 for &&C _ ____63c CORN PADS Can You In 'the '(ilre'aty""' Smoky Mpuntnins of North Carolina there still exists this "cure" for wsxrts: Blood from, the wart is placed on a grain of corn; • wihich is then fed to a duck. The wart is therrs.upposed to dis-. appear. Chough sugar is now one of the Commonest of foodstuffs, it orig- virially' was so scarce that it was used'in. Europe as a medicine. Strychnine is' the bitterest substance known ... it can be tasted even when diluted 5000 times. The constituent elements of common table salt are sodium and chlorine. Each 'of these alone is a poison. EXTRA 50c Cr.eolypitus Cough Syriip _ 60c Bromo Seltzer Beecham Pills, 25c Size 60c M urine ^Jye Drops _^_ Musterole,. 40c Size _ 656 Size ,— Syrup Figs 60c Size — Vicks Brops 30c Size' •-— 49c 34c 53c 49c 25c '"FITCH SHAMPOO thedjarvelomlt'H/urd t which ia btiugiug . Sold on ironclad PRlcatSS INFORMATION —for those suggting STOliACH O TION, A SOUR ST NESS, HEARTS STIPA'MON. BAD B., SLEEPLESSNESS OR UCAD ACIIESTUUB TO B3CCBSS AOD Art foru/r.wropy.otJKHtor^AJwfl^ VV« To/th Powder Prophylactic Tooth Brush - Listerine Mi 3i- 1(1 Tooth, Paste Extra Ear^e 'Tube : 50c Kqlyhos Tooth Paste ^ 25c Listerine Tooth Paste MilK-of. Magnesia Tooth Pa.ste, Ige. tube__. 89c 39c 59c 49« tAXATWES Petrolagar' ..... (j|?t AQ $1.25- Size __________ iPJL«M«J- Lapactic Pills,, ..... .7Q/» 50c Size _________ ----- «fftf. \> Feenatnint, ' Carter's . Liver, Pills — 25c Size Mineral Oil, Full Quart Agarol, Larce Size Milk of Magnesia, 'Jg 02. r Ca.lotabs, 85c Size

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