Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 22, 1947 · Page 1
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 1

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Sunday, June 22, 1947
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NEW LIGHT-BULB-BOW'flES ARE BRI&HTENHNG THl PAGES OF THE SNAPPY YOUNG GENTS. A NOVELTY—OR JUST A FLASH IN THE PAN. LABOR BILL FOES STAVE Italy Gloomily Surveys Future (Editor's Note: Charles H. Guptill, chief of the Associated Press Bufcau in Rome, was p.n AP correspondent in Italy in Mussolini's time and has covered Italy's postwar travial since 1945. In the fol- vlowihg dispatch he describes vividly the country's tragic, bewildered plight as ft battleground of de- mocrary and communism.) By CHARLES H. OttPTILL ROME—(/P)—la Italy, as in much of the world, leaders and the people are trying tocl ccide whether to lay, their bets on Washington or Moscow. ' Based on reality or not, the conviction is common among Italians that war between east nrfd west is not only inevitable but also not so d!r,f.ant. They gloomily predict that in any such conflict Italy would be in the middle. To many, the growing cleavage between Commnist and anti- Communist forces in their own country is an integral part of a fateful world pattern which promises little hope for real peace. Italians watch the consolidation of Soviet dominance in the Balkans with an eye to the western powers' capacity to react. Events in thia area arc of vital interest to Italy. Before the war, the Balkan countries were among her best customers. Access to those markets today could mean much for Italian recovery. Soviet influence in the Balkans laps at Italy's frontiers at an uncommonly .sensitive point—Trieste. Italians recognize that Russia's recent gain in Hungary probably will help to increase Slav pressure against the Trieste Free State—the delicate membrane the peacemakers have designed to separate east and west along the Yugoslav border. Italy looks also.to France with a feeling of kinship derived from the similarity of their countries' problems and political expedients. Both have had governments which attempted to harness Communist and moderate factions. Both found the team worked badly and tried to find a solution by excluding the Left. Success or failure of the French experiment may tip the delicate balance in Italy, too. Most of all, Italmiir, look to the United States—not always with cordiality—for a clue to the future. They ponder the potentialities of the Truman Doctrine in Greece and Tmkcy and its possible extension, to Italy. To Communist Leader Palmlro TogliatU the United States is guilt* of intervention in Italian domes- tin politics. He dors not oppose accepting American,loans, however and suffers some emburrassmen from thn fact that, Moscow's principal contribution to Italy's economic plight has been to insist upon collecting reparations. To Premier Alcide DC Gasperl now committed to the tricky task of trying to govc-rn without the Seo ITALY, Page 5 VOL. 46, NO. 68. 34 PAGES PAMPA, TEXAS, SUNDAY, JUNE 22, 1947 Price 5 Cents AP Leased Wire/ Adult Probation And Parole Bill Signed by Jester " AUSTIN—(/P)' — An adult probation and parole bill also designed to make sure members of the Board of Pardons and' Paroles are persons qualified for these highly-specialized jobs was signed by Oov. Beauford H. Jester yesterday. It will become law at 12:01 a. m. Sept. . 6. The measure by Rep. George Parkhousc of Dallas is the first enabling statute to be written by any Legislature since the Constitutional Amendment dealing with pardons and paroles became effective in 1936. It has no direct bearing on the hot question of pardons, but its indirect effects are considerable, and it generally tightens up and clarifies procedure on probation and parole. Mn designating members of the Board of Pardons and Paroles as administrators of the ; new probation and parole law, the statute states specifically that future members must be persons who by knowledge oi' training are qualified "in penal treatment, public welfare and the administration of criminal justice." The appointing authorities ' must make their, selections from a list of eligible persons prepared by a committee made up of the chairman of the Public -Safety Board, the Prison Board, the 'Public Welfare Board and one person each -named by the - attorney, general and the Governor. This committee is charged with the responsibility of determining the qualifications of possible pardons and parole board appointees "by examination and investigation" before they become eligible for places • on the board. The system under Which one member of the pardon board is named toy the Governor, one by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and ,-one by the Presiding Judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals, is .'not changed. The next vacancy comes up Feb. 1, 1949, when the terrii of Chairman Abuer Lewis of the j present Board of Pardons and Paroles expires. ' Under the new./law, probation will be limited to' first offenders serving sentences of 10 years or less See PAROLE Bill, Page 5 Little Hope Held For Conciliation LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y,— l/ittle hope was held by United Nations delegates yesterday for bridg- iiig the -widening .gap in east-west relations until the four-power London p"e;ace .'conference in November. • - A virtual deadlock between. Russia and the western powers on nil n»ajor U, N. peace-keeping machinery led some delegates to predict that the four-power-' deliberations pn the German peace settlement njay be the critical turning point of east-west relations, • 'They agreed it was obvious that what happens at the London session ivlll have a great effect on the pattern of future relations between "M«U Soviet and the western powers. '• 11>o ' stalemate liere on atomic controls, world 'disarmament and Hje'" creation of a global police force Vfts regarded as Just a stage in the Jockeying and baitainUag phase of the final German' peace settlement. , 'Pome dejegates/said they believed gforetsry Of St^te Marshall's eco- •uomlo plan to aid Europe might s>om.e effect on the Rusiiaus. fHl WEATHER M, », WEATHER BUREAU WARM AND VfCINJTY: Partly Widely BpaUerea fhunder- somewlia^ warmer Sunday. ... TBJfAS: Partly cloudy Sun- «nd MQnday, tM^Uerea tHundec- "" Sunday, pQ t cmite so warm JHMye. ftW $\ f ! Uttd£reijaw$ ; s hU«pb,,,-,- ,— ,— W» WWows Sujtifey. »nfC In as^MffTswiteft DUPLEX FOR RENT—BUT FOR ROBINS ONLYr "Roomy duplex to let, southern exposure, nice view, don't mind children." Above Elaine Boyles, of Cleveland, Ohio, Inspects the nest two robin couples built together a few weeks ago over the door of her home. The youngsters of the vacated suite grew up and flew away with Mom and Pop. And when those three blue eggs in the other nest hatch soon, there may be another vacancy. . Newspaper Hen Elect Officers AMARILLO—(/P)—Paul W; Fulks of the Wolfe City Sun was elected president of the Texas Press Association and M. M. Donosky.of the Dallas News was named president of the Texas 'Newspaper publishers Association at final sessions of the two organizations yesterday. The Joe Taylor award for. the best editorial was given to the Dal- Hart Texan with the Mission Times being judged the best all-around weekly and with the StarrTelegram award for agriculture news and promotion going to the Paris Daily News (daily class) and the • Memphis Democrat (weekjy).' Robert Matherne of the Goose Creek Sun was elected vice-president of the Texas Press Association with Deskins Wells of the -Wellington 'Leader being re-elected secretary-treasurer. Millard Cope of the Marshall News-Messenger was elected vice- president of, the Texas Newspaper Publishers Association and A. E. Clarkson of the Houston Post was re-elected treasurer. W. R. Beaumier, publisher of the Lufkin News, invited the two' organizations to meet in Lufkin next year. Action will be taken later by the board of directors. Walter Humphrey of the Fort Worth Press announced » new prize of $100 for the best editorial in support of soil conservation work. Depot Announces New Safety Precautions HOUSTON—W)—Ammonium nitrate fertilizer wtU not be stored for export at the San Jacinto Ordnance Depot because the personnel, there is too small to maintain security guards, Col. H. E...Hopping, commanding officer, said yesterday. Hopping said tha' Army has ruled amtnuhium nitrate -fertilizer is not dangerous. It is inflammable but not explosive, he said. The decision against using the ordnance depot was not because .of the nature of the cargo, he emphasized. Loading the. ertilizer from the prdnanpe depot tybiildlmean many civiliarft, such as longshoremen, would have to be in the reservation, he said- pvjr these people's, own protection, as welj as tji$ safety of other personnel at, the post, ample sg* fcurity guards w necessary. s.om.6 3.0QO toj,\s of ammonium nitrate fertilizer yhioh, is slojeij in we ftuses an r .P& o«n ... Vet Left Waiting At the Pier for Swiss Girl Friend NEW YORK—(/P)—Michael Lonardo, 20, of (180 Forbes Ave.) New Haven, Conn., waited at the pier yesterday to greet the Swiss girl he had courted as a GI in Parii two years ago. But when the Marine Falcon tied up it was aot 22-year-old Jeanette Smirnoff Provost who walked down the gangplank to greet the former staff seageant. Lonardo was confronted by Dr. Robert M. Tirman of Brooklyn, ship doctor and former Army medical officer. "I'm sorry about this thing," Dr. Tirman told Lonardo. "She told me aboslutely she is going to marry irje." "Who are you?" inquired the stunned youth. Dr. Tirman. 30, explained he had met Miss Provost after Lonardo had posted bond to bring her here under the GI Bill of Rights. They met. he said, on a bus from Paris to Le Havre when she became ill and he attended her, As the vessel pulled into its berth, Tirman related that Miss Provost said "Oh. I don't want to see him" and asked Tirman to tell Lonardo of her decision.. "Well. I'd like to see her." Lonardo said as he shook hands with the doctor, but TJrman's efforts to obtain a pass to admit Lonardo to the ship were unsuccessful. Lonardo said he Had received two messages from Mis? Provist from the ship asking him not to meet her. but that he concluded she was "just homesick." • ' Lonardo withdrew hU $5?0 bond and an immigration official said would be taken to Ellis Island for a hearing. Dr. , Tirman made an unsuccessful initial effort to obtain a new bond. The ship's master, Capt. Joseph D. Cox. had refused to marry them i\t sea. 50 Persons Killed During India Riots LUCKNOW, India—(/P)— District police headquarters said yesterday E.O persons were filled and scores injured in fighting between landholders and tenants in a village near Lupkiiow', Capital of • United Provinces, i Troops and police were rushed to the city and $ girhour curfew was •imposed. - state •3Nw X * e *£ io vft]lMr&<».t$- ,„,. ,Jtt»»< Isp* yiMsf wfw* ^ftf, r * Clayton to Answer British Questions WASHINGTON— M')—Undersecretary of State William Clayton, ranking American authority .on economic foreign' policy, flew to London yesterday at the climax of British-French efforts to win Russian cooperation in the Marshall proposal for European recovery. Clayton is the first high State Department official to visit Europe since Secretary Marshall on June 5 called for European governments to take the initiative in working out their own salvation before the United States gives further financial aid. Authoritative indications were that Clayton would tell any .British official who raised the question that Marshall wants something more than merely a new schedule of loans and grants which Europeans would like from the U. S. The jdea Clayton is prepared to emphasize is that the prepared to emphasize Is that. the United States will back only a plan providing for . minimum American aid and maximum European self- help. American officials welcomed reports from Moscow and London that the Soviet government is "interested" in the Mai-shall Plan and may participate in or observe discussions of it. But official enthusiasm over the first Russian reaction was greatly danipened by skepticism as to whether the Rusisans really would gc along with full-scale recovery planning. New Church of Christ Building at Higgins Dedication Set Today A new Church of Christ building in Higgins has been completed and dedication services are set for 3 p. m. today, with 30 minutes of the program to be broadcast over radio station KPDN. The church building, and a preachers home were built by contributions of Churches' of Christ all over the country, it was announced. This is the first new church building to be completed in the community which was severely damaged by the toij^g o,| April 9. E, R, Carver of'Amarillo has been minister of the church. _ **»ltf$3 ' v $ t A£"> ,.. :4>ffi.i» 'White Paper' Accuses Nagy Of Conspiracy BUDAPEST— (/Pi—A "white paper" compiled by tho Hungarian Communist Party said last night that former Premier Forme Nagy, through his connections with prominent Americans, "tried to make Hungary the Southeastern European economic and political base of the United States." The white paper, dealing with the plot which tlv.* Communists said Nasry hatched against the Hungarian government, was advertised by Communists as being full of details of "crimes" committed by various persons—including Nagy who were involved in a conspiracy against democracy. Although it makes no charges of P, sensational nature, it is full of hints regarding a number of persons, including iormer U. S. Minister H. F. Arthur Schoenfeld; Laszlo Ekcr-Racz, former economics expert of the U. S. legations here: Under Secretary of State Dean Aeheson and Rep. Sol Bloom (D- NY); former chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. A copy of the white paper, due to be made public today with much Communist fanfare, was obtained by newsmen here last night. The paper Says that Nagy, who resigned his premiership June 1, maintained a double policy of working secretly against the Communists and Russia, while openly declaring friendship and cooperation. It charges frequently that when Nagy considered future action, he based all his plans on ratification of the Hungarian peace treaty and the departure of Russian troops, an attitude considered by the Communists to be ntagonistic. 'Then, the paper says in quoting Nagy's former secretary, Ferenc Ka~ pocs, who is now under arrest: "Minister Schoenfeld said that he approved of, and America supports, the tactics of Ferenc Nagy toward the Russians and that he would try to secure this support in a material respect by granting help and loans to Hungary." Attlee Denounces All Totalitarian Trends in Europe BARNSLEY, England—i/P)~Prime Minister Attlee picked what may be one of the decisive weekends in modern European hfc-tpry- when Gerieralissimo.'Stahn may decide to embrace or spurn the Marshall Plan —to denounce yesterday totalitarian trends along the Red fringe of the continent. In a speech to Yorkshire coal miners, Attlee declared that in several countries of eastern Europe "human rights arc denied and so- called Democratic government is a travesty." Pressing Britain's bid for leadership in rebuilding European prosperity and democracy, he gave this as the guiding philosophy behind his country's foreign policy. "Wherever you find the right of opposition denied, wherever you find such devices as the .single list of candidates, wherever you find a government that cannot be removed by the method of the ballot box, there is no true democracy, there is no true freedom." He answered: "Our foreign policy is based on these principles: we hold that every people has the right to chose its government, whether it be Conservative, Liberal, Socialist or Communist." He expressed concern that "there should be in this country, and people who profess to be Socialists, who appear to condone things that are done by governments that call themselves Left, when they would protest vigorously if precisely the same things were dor.e by governments of the Right." Photographers Live With Farmers to Take Part in Pic Contest . Ochiltree County's defense of the title "Bread Basket of the Nation" got under way this weekend when six Texas radio stations proposed to tell the public of Ochiltree bounty's 340',000 acres of wheat thai- it hoped to average 30 bushels per acre for a conservative estimate of 10,200,000 bushels of premium grain. Radio stations KPDN, KHUZ, KWHW, KSEL, KGNC, and WOAI lave sent commentators to Perry- ion for weekend broadcasts. More ;han a score of other stations have asked for data. Life and Look magazines have asked for pictures ahd spot coverage of actual harvest scenes as have more than 500 newspapers other than leased wire services. L ^ Photographers of five states have registered for the Perryton Chamber of Commerce's $1,000 photography contest, announced Lee Little, nanager of the C of C, that closes July 25. Some camera bugs are llv- ng with the farmers to depict harvest scenes from sun-up to sundown. Others have employed bath- ng beauties as background stated Little. UIIU.D BUI OK—Dolores Kiln Bernier, 14 year old, a bride of 5 days, partly shields her face with her hands in n Milwaukee courtroom where her parents nnrl husband werr. arraigned on charges of conlribuiins; to the delinquency of a minor. Republicans Turn Down Request for Postal Increases WASHINGTON-- (,1V-House Republican leaders said yesterday there will be no increa.se in postal rates this year, cicrpite the administration's request. The present three-cent rate on first-cl-iss mail (letters) will be con- tinned for another year and will not bea llowed to drop back to the pre-war two-cent rate on July 1, they told a reporter. "But they have decided to drop plans for a general postal increase because "there just isn't time enough between now and adjournment, late next month, to enact such a bill." In keeping with the decision of ihc GOP high command, Chairman Rees (R-Kas) of the House Postoffice Committee has introduced a bill that would retain rates at their present levels until Congress can act on a permanent measure. If the three-cent rate were allowed to drop buck to two cents on July 1, as it would without a new act, Rees said, '-it would create a further deficit of about $200,000, 000." ..--•- . - Rec'j' committee has approved a, general postal revenue bill that would boost ni'os in several categories. But because of stiff opposition from many sources, the bill lias been bottled up in the rules committee. Major opposition. Republican leaders .laid, has come from publishers See POSTAL HIKE, Pa«e 5 SENATE VOTE Republicans Win; Vote Set Monday WASHINGTON— A' -—A filibuster by Tors of the Taft- Hartley l?ibor bill cracked late yesterday and Republicans v.'on an agreement for c'i Senate vole Monday on their own terms. They confidently predicted it v.'ill enact the measure into law over President Truman's veto by the require'd two-thirds majority and three or five votes to spare. Opponents of the bill conceded their chances are slim for ! stopping it. The voting agreement \vas reached after 28]/2 hours of a marathon session by consent of all present. But the debate then went on. although only five Senators remained on the floor, v/ith Senators Murray (D-M.ont) and Olin Johnston (D-SC) speaking- against the bill. Finally, after '.]() hours and 52 minutes—the longest session in 20 years—the Senate recessed until 10 a. m. (CST) Monday. Then the debate will start again until the hour of the vote, ] p. m. Tokyo Police Place Bounty on Pickpockets TOKYO—lfl?>—-Police have decided .0 put a bounty on pickpockets. Special prizes will be awarded officers on this basis: One point 'or capturing a pickpocket on the streets or at festivals; two for a capture aboard a train or in a theatre; and three points for capturing wo or more »fc Q$$ " IVf HW$ Sackett Infant Drowns at Home Funeral services will be held tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock at the Harrah Methodist Church, for Jerry R. Sackett, 22-month-okl son, of Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Sackett. 927 K. Gordon, who dro;vn Fridiiy morning in an incompleted cess pool that was being clue; within 25 foot of tlw Sackett residence. The pool, which was approximately four feet deep was full of water'.due to.the rain from Thursday night. An iron lung and inhalator from the City Fire Department were used on the child for approximately an hour and 45 minutes, observers stated. The infant is survived by his parents, five brothers, Paul, Floyd, Dan, J. D. Jr., and G. H., and five sister, Mrs. Vera Cornell, Mrs. Billit Inerline, Daima Sue, Edna and Mrs. Ruby Mae Frost, of Hereford. The Rev. Charles Gales, pastor of the Harrah Methodist Church, will conduct the funeral services. The pallbearer.-, will be Milton llichols, Kenneth Fusate, Paul Combs, and Dean Parker. Funeral arrangements are in charge of Ducnkel-Carmichael. Interment will be at the Mobeetie Cemetery. (c:sT). Prom outside the chamber. Rep. Hartley <R-NJ), co-author of the bill with Senator- Taft fR-Ohio). issued a scorching answer to the presidential veto ana broadcast. Hartley called Mr Truman's arguments "false." He said some language the President attacked is not in the bill at all in its final form. He accused the President of .sponsoring "misrepresentations, half truths and distortions." Mr. Truman himself cave no sign that he plans any further fight to prevent passage of the bill following his busy Friday when he sent his veto message to a heedless House, called in a dozen Senators for a luncheon conference, and took his arguments to the nation by radio. He was at the baseball-game yesterday watching Washington defeat St. Louis. 5 to 4. when the break in the Senate came. The Monday vote will find two senators absent who could have been counted on to support the veto. Senator Wagner (D-NY). father of the 3935 labor relations act which the bill v/ould change, is ill in New York. Senator Klbert Thomas (D-Utah) is in Geneva as a delegate to the International Trade Organization and said yesterday he will not be here. Taft held that their presence would not change the result. But taking no chances, the Republicans decided Unit no "pairs" will be allowed for the vote. Under the pairing procedure, a Senator who is present sometimes agrees to vote the opposite way. In view of the two-thirds majority required to over-ride the veto, Democrats wanted two Republicans to pair with Wagner and two more to pair with Thomas. Taft. smiling confidently, predicted that the veto will be overridden "by three or four votes." This was the margin forecast by other supporters of the bill. too. Taft expressed the belief that the sharp floor fight had strengthened his side, rather than weakened it. and told newsmen: "We're all right. The line is hold- inc up very well indeed," The lineup had been 54 to 17, more than a two-thirds majority, when the Senate pased the bill June 6. The agreement for a vote came when Senator Morse fR-Ore) gave up what lie acknowledged as a filibuster "to assure unlimited debate" after holding the floor ten hours non-stop. It followed an hour of whisnered conferences on the floor and dickering in the cloakrooms among Sena- Sec LABOR BILL, Page 5 Girl Places Too Much Faith in Swimmer BALTIMORE—(/P)—Elwee T. Harris told police yesterday he was strolling along pier six with his girl friend, Adele Roberts, 22, when she asked: "If I jumped in would you save me?" Harris said he would, but he explained he wasn't a very good swimmer. Adele jumped into the harbor. Harris jumped after her. Two patrolmen tossed Harris a rope and pulled him out. They recovered the girl's body half an hour later. lass Burial Sel Today for Texas Ciiy Unidentified TEXAS CITY—(/?')—Shortly after sunrise today 63 bodies will be placed in trench-like graves in a one-acre memorial cemetery plot four miles north of the scene of Texas City's April 16 water!ront disaster. Sixty-six days after their horrible experience of explosion and fire, residents of this little industrial city will hold mass funeral services for their unknown dead. The rites will be marked with simplicity and brevity. Three clergymen, a Protestant, a Catholic and a Jew, each will read brief services of their faith. Texas City residents will comprise the 240 pallbearers. There will be no music. , Bodies of 405 victims of the nation's greatest post-war tragedy already have been claimed and buried by relatives and friends. Of thia number the identity of 135 was determined through fingerprints, belt buckles, watches, rings and other personal effects. Funeral directors from 40 South Texas cities will assist the Texas City Body Commission in supervising the mass burial. Each body will be placed in a cypress casket and carried to the grave in a private hearse. Caskets See TEXAS CITY, Pajre 5 House Committee Ditches Universal Training for '47 WASHINGTON—CPi—Members o£ the House Armed Services Committee said Saturday an all-out drive to cash GI terminal leave bonds 1/robably. will sidetrack universal military training legislation until next year. The commiteto already has held three public hearings on universal .training but has set no date for their resumption. It has questioned three members of the President's special commission that recommended the plan. Hearings on morn than 30 bills to make the terminal pay bonds redeemable immediately instead o£ five years from their issue date are tentatively set to start this Wednesday r>.nd may last, several days. The Republican House leadership is driving for passage of a biil within two weeks. • Tho final decision on the future of universal training hearings will be made Tuesday, with many members favoring postponement until early next year. One high-ranking committee member said he believes "about two- thirds of the members want to stop the hearings now. although not that many of them are against universal training." proponents of the training plan fear that a delay in consideration until next year will mean its defeat. THREE INTOXICATIONS Three men were assessed fines of $10 each on charges of intoxication Saturday morning in Corporation Court. One mar. was assessed a fine of $10 for disturbing the peace. at FQ» * K<H*S Cowboy . P» the AMlewe «H»I>H& w*M be U» Faropa tw t*» travel^ wine WM» ffiOtes jwtoj- to fto TO hM M* VJI ' -V'V • l ?' > .Ul"A . . i , I,. ;-...*LWrf 'tft&fa ., W-*

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