Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on April 21, 1937 · Page 9
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 9

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Pampa, Texas
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Wednesday, April 21, 1937
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Page 9
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fiVEMWS, AffilL 21, fttE PAMPA DAILY Pamfjfi, T6*fi Ruling On Wagner Act May Help Settle increasingly Acrid AFL-CIO Rivalry 6y WtttiS THORNTON NBA Service Staff Correspondent CLEVELAND, April 15 — Validation of the Wagner Labor Relations Act by the U. S. Supreme Court opens the way to peaceful adjustment of bitter disputes, growing more frequent between John Lewis' Committee for industrial Organization and William Green's American Federation of Labor. The Wagner machinery provides peaceful elections to decide which organization has a majority of em- ployes In a unit, and give exclusive collective bargaining powers to that majority. The rush to sign up a majority may tend for a time even to heighten this rivalry between the two Unions. Now the majority is even more vital than before, for a minority no matter how large, has no bargaining right whatever. It means death to the union coming out at the short end of the vote. Cleveland recently saw a pitched street battle between these rivals. The Electric Vacuum Cleaner Co. signed a contract with the A. F. of L. unions. C. I. O. union members claimed they really had the majority in the plant. When A. F. of L. members tried to go to work to fulfill their contract, C. I. O. pickets tried to prevent them. Pickets from other A. F. of L. unions rallied to protect their allies' entrance to the plant. Pickets from other C. I. O. unions rallied to help their allies' to prevent it. A thousand men scrambled and fought before the plant gate. Mounted police had to ride in and stop the fight. Widespread Feud Ejections under the newly upheld Wagner Act are aimed at peaceful settlement of conflicts like this. And the prospect of such friction mounts dally as the C. I. O. organization drive spreads into new fields. Increasing conflicts are inevitable with A. F. of L. unions which have either memberships, contracts, or a claim to jurisdiction in the industries and plants involved. Every such battle increases the bitterness between the two labor organizations, and unless more definite lines are drawn to mark out the field of each, Inter-union fights may become more common than employer-employe disputes in the months to come. The controversy extends down from William Green, A. F. of L. leader, and John Lewis, C. I. O. leader, through central labor bodies in most of the large cities, down through union ranks to picket lines and strike negotiations, even on down to personal relationships between union men. Green and Lewis publicly snap at each other on all occasions, and the organizers under the control of each are carrying the feud into every corner of the labor movement. Lines Tightening: In the early stages of the Lewis drive, the conflict was little felt. The A. F. of L. union in steel had been bodily taken over by the C. I. O., leaving only scattered A. F. of L. members in the field. In autos and rubber the same thing happened. But as Lewis began to go beyond those industries, the conflict became more definitely marked. As Lewis goes out to organize 1,000,000 oil industry workers, for Instance, the A. F. of L. has announced definitely that it will fight back, and match Lewis dollar for dollar, and epithet for epithet. Lewis' Textile Workers' Organizing Committee, inheriting the former A. F. of L. United Textile Workers, and backed by other C. I. O. unions in allied trades, goes out for several million textile workers. But It meets Increasing opposition in the South from A. F. of L. unions determined to keep a foothold in the industry despite the loss of their basic U. T. W. union to the C. I. O. Freely charging that radicals are In control of the C. I. O. movement, A, F. of L. organizers are getting a better reception in some southern communities than their rivals. For instance, in Crystal Springs, Miss., the C. I. o. organizer was run out of town by vigilantes, but the A. F. of L. organizer continues to sign up members without interruption. Organized Confusion On the other hand, the C. I. O. organizers have already met considerable success In New England, where the chief A. F. of L. effort is an attempt to draw to It the influential Machine Printers' Beneficial Association, an Independent union of skilled textile printers in Rhode Island. Typical conflicts appear in the electrical Industries. Here two unions are computing for members, and both i re dc'ng it more or less on the industrial bt-.sis The A. F. of L. Brotherhood of Electrical Workers is trying to take over the "company union" at Westinghouse, and the C. 1. O. Electrical and Radio Workers' Union Is demanding exclusive bargaining rights for the whole Westinghouse organization. In either case, what becomes of carpenters, teamsters, machinists, truck drivers and other organized A. F. of L. craft union members in electrical and radio plants? Thirty-seven A. F. or L. craft unions would be affected by any such single industrial organization in the electrical industry. Meanwhile the C. I. O. electrical union launches a drive on the 270,000 employes of the great American Telephone and Telegraph Co., hitherto untouched by union organization. Onion Jacks Answer 'Red' Charge in Oshawa Strike rhotographed as they waved Union Jacks and other Canadian ensigns, 100 women picketed the General Motors plant in Oshawa, Ont., In answer to charges that the strike was dominated by Communists. The women sang national airs and booed nonunion workers who passed through the tines. The strike situation was fast reaching a climax with resignation of two members of the Ontario cabinet and the demand by Oshawa's labor»sympathetic mayor that the C. 1. O. call out its U. S. members to bring pressure for Canadian recognition. followed successful C. I. O. policies. For Instance, the Brother- rtocd of Carpenters, traditionally a craft union and now the A. F. of L.'s strongest single body, is :iow extending its membership back into the lumber camps and forward nto the furniture factories, scorning to include everyone who handles lumber, from tree to finished product. It faces internal dissension, especially in the Northwest, where many of its members are sympathetic to the C. I. O., and might desert in a body. When an A. F. of L. union goes over bodily to Lewis' C. I. O., there is always a row, usually over the union's funds. "You can't lust walk out of the A. F. of L. like that," one organizer protested. So into the courts go the disputes which follow. In Pittsburgh federal court, the A. F. of L. is suing to prevent the New Kensing- In Philadelphia 800 members of I ton local, which went over to the ' C. I. O., from taking with it $27,- the A. F. of L. union at the Philadelphia Storage Battery Co., transferred over bodily to the C. I. O. union, in the face of an A. F, of L. contract.-But In Chicago the A. F. of L. Machinists' Union signed an exclusive contract with Grunow Radio. Confusion could scarcely be more complete. Many A. F. of L. unions have 000 in union funds. There are dozens of such disputes over funds. In New York, the Operating Engineers, an A. F. of L. affiliate, went to court to restrain the C. I. O. Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers from recruiting building engineers by claiming A. F. of L. sanction. With the C. I. O. drive well under union from the shreds of the coin- way In steel, Lewis now branches out to take in fabricators of steel. And there he runs smack up against the A. F. of L.'s strong Bridge, Structural and Ornamental Iron Workers' Union, which proclaims itself ready to fight every effort 10 enter its field. Should Lewis' ell industry drive extend on to include filling-station operators, a field now claimed by the A. F. of L., more conflicts would be possible there. Rejected Both The C. I. O. today is in everything but name a rival labor federation to the A. F. of L. It issues certificates of affiliation to its member unions that amount to the same thing as A. F. of L. charters, and formal C. I. O. charters are expected to follow soon. Such charters must, cf course, define the field claimed by the particular union, and then there must necessarily be more conflicts. Such inter-union bickering has no doubt influenced some workers to take a "plague o' both your houses" attitude, as in the case of the Sun Shipbuilding workers la Chester, Pa., who took a vote and rejected both A. F. of L. and C. I. O. unions. What will come of the American Union of Steelworkers, organized as an allegedly independent pany unions decimated by the C. I. O. drive is problematical. But it is possible that this, too, may become an independent union which will reject the claims of both C. I. O. and A. F. or L. Central labor bodies in towns like Cleveland, St. Louis, Birmingham, Worcester and many others, have been split by the conflict between the two national federations. In several cases, the C. I. O. unions in the city, resigning or being kicked out of the central body, has formed a council cf C. I. O. unions which amount to the same thing as a rival central labor union. Thus there are in such towns two central bodies ready and will- Ing to furnish picket lines to any affiliates which need them, and affording fresh chances for widespread conflict. "Labor trouble" in the coining months, which promised to be sharp enough between employers and em- ployes, may be still further accentuated by a rising tide of disputes between two labor which would leave organizations, the employer helpless on the sidelines while the two factions fought it out. Everett Kennon of Mine Run, Va., has been in 19 automobile accidents without suffering serious injury. YOUR CHANGE TO OIL'FLATING Oil-Plating cannot take a vacation; not for a single instant. It gives you happier, cheaper use of your car—new or old—by providing the only form of lubrication that cannot leave its job. For Oil-Plating is like a sturdy slippy skin of Conoco Germ Processed oil, that seems to graft itself to your engine's entire insides. From the patented Germ Process comes this "power of attraction," that makes oil and metal affiliate, to form Oil-Plating. Then pistons, for instance, are shielded by this skin-tight layer of slippy Oil-Plating which will not separate. And right next to that comes the greatly strengthened Germ Processed oil-film, of the regular movable type. And this film touches only .another layer of durable Oil-Plating that is firmly fastened on the cylinder walls. Here's oil-film of uncommon strength sliding against Oil-Plating . . . How can metal ever touch metal? Even through hours of parking, Oil-Plating cannot drain down from a single working surface, and hence your engine cannot start up without any oiling. That's beating wear as never before. The less wear the less Conoco Germ Processed oil you'll be using. Continental Oil Company CONOCO GERM PROCESSED OIL TULSA, Okla., April 21 WP)— Leaders of the oil industry who sought to gauge the future were agreed today that prospects for labor difficulties had them concerned but they saw no serious obstacles to a successful season. The seasonal pickup in demand for motor fuel was becoming more pronounced and the market was strong. There were predictions of gasoline price increases in the immediate future. Most executives who had not already settled the problem through agreement with labor's representatives felt that organization of their employes either under the A. F. L. or the C. I. O. was inevitable following the Wagner decision. They were quick to point out, however, that disputes between employer and employe never had created serious difficulties in the industry. The rank and file of employes questioned here seemed satisfied with present working conditions and hours. Many field men and refinery workers in tills area seemed proud of their work and evidenced confidence of fair treatment by their employers. Oilmen commented at the state- ment of Governor E. W. Marland of Oklahoma that they'd best get the price of crude oil up or face a severance tax. Independent producers who have contended all along crude was selling entirely too cheaply were cheered over his statement. Many refiners, despite their stand that the price of refined products has not kept pace with costs of production were forced to agree that an increase in the price of crude oil seemed inevitable In the face of present conditions. In this connection it was noted that the Oil and Gas Journal's price chart showed the mid-continent tank car quotation for motor fuel at six cents a gallon, the same a.s last year, while the crude price was slightly over $1.20 cents a barrel average as compared with $1.10 cents the same week last year. An indication that a trend toward overproduction was being felt in Texas because of heavy drilling campaigns was seen in prospect for a reduction in the state allowable for May. Chairman C. V. Terrell of the railroad commission noted the Bureau of Mines increased demand estimate for May, 1,340.800 barrels dally, an increase of 42.900 barrels daily, already had been absorbed by the production of new wells. He warned against excessive drilling. There was no letup In field work; with the large total of 623 wells completed during the week, an increase of 86 over the week before. This country has 213 different recognized religious sects. A census of religious bodies is taken every 10 years by the division of religious statistics of the bureau of the census. 4-Year County Officer* Face Senate Vote AUSTIN, April 21 (Al*>-4 i W8 proposed constitutional amendments —lengthening terms 6f public of* flee holders and providing aid' to the needy, blind and dependent children—today faced future action in the Texas Senate. The House of Representatives yesterday voted 108 to 34 for stib* mission of an amendment extending terms of precinct, county and cits* trict officers, including House hiem* bers, from two to four years arid eliminating an election for present incumbents next year. It also approved an amendment authorizing the state to contribute up to $15 a month for aid to the needy blind, $12 a month for the first dependent child In a family and $8 a month for additional children. The federal government would match the state's contributions. A two-thirds vote in the Senate would submit the Issues to the people In August. ^ 3,000 TO BELAYS. PHILADELPHIA, April 21 WV- Two Olympic champions, Forrest (Spec) Towns and Johnny Woodruff, Italy's ex-Olympic distance runner, Luigi Becali, and a host of other topnotch stars from the United States and Canada are among the 3.000 athletes who will compete in the forty-third annual University of Pennsylvania relay carnival Friday and Saturday at Franklin field. They will represent 500 cbllega and universities. LIMITED TO 250,000 BOOKS ! Save 1 /3 and More! BUY NOW! These bargain books save you $1.40 6'n your visit to America's 1937 International Exposition. Advance Sale this year has been limited to 250,000 books. When this quantity has been sold no further books will be offered at the low wholesale prices. This $3.60 value entitles purchasers to gale admissions and to leading attractions on the grounds. Books are now available at local stores, cafes, business houses and through club and civic organizations. . . Firms not already supplied are urged to write for attractive Sales Plan,, literature and special wholesale prices. CAVALCADE tot (Above anil at right SPECIMEN TICKETS) EXTRA MONEY! BOOK CONTAINS /»•* *»U, GluU and The Exposition's Wholesale Sale of these books positively closes June 5. With only 250,000 books available this year, there's a big demand. More than 400,000* coupon books and 300,000 single tickets were sold at wholesale prior to opening last year. With the limited supply this year, firms and organizations are urged to place orders right now. The Exposition's special wholesale prices offer an opportunity to make a real profit. Write today for attractive Sales Plan, literature and complete information. Cash in on worthwhile profits. FUN CENTER OF TWO CONTINENTS The 1937 Pan American Exposition •will bring together the outstanding athletes and sports events of the year, Plan to see PAN AMERICAN GAMES (Track &. Field) and ASSOCIATION (Soccer) FOOTBALJ., nights of June 30, July 1, 2 and 3. Wijtch for announcement of other international sports events. THESE LEADING ATTRACTIONS 2 GENERAL ADMISSION TICKETS Regular value, 50c each. See exhibits from all the Americas, Great industrial exhibits. Dozens of jree attractions daily, 2 ''CAVALCADE" ADMISSIONS Regular value, 50c. 2 "Cavalcade" tickets in each book (ex. cept 50,000 books where "Show Boat" is substituted.) This great spectacle — on world's largest stage — depicts five centuries of Pan American history. Hundreds of »ctors. Magnificent lighting and scenic effects. 1 "ROAD TO RIO" ADMISSION Regular value, 4Oc. Latin American Village — with spec* tacular entertainment (torn Central and South America. Outstanding attraction. \ "WORLD A MILLION YEARS AGO" Regular value, 40c. A "Lost World" authentically reproduced. Pre-historic monsters as they roamed the ctflh centuries ago. 1 "BOWERY" ADMISSION Regular value, 40c. Life in New York during the C*y Nineties. Exact replicas of famous places. A mighty stage production with 40 people. 1 "BLACK FOREST" ADMISSION Regular value, 40c. Outstanding feature of Chicago World's Fair and Texas Centennial. Sensatiorial ice skating show. Music. Dancing on the ice. MAIL COUPON TODAY FOB LITERATURE AND WHOLESALE PRICES JUNE 12 to OCf, 31 Department of Admissions i GREATER TEXAS and PAN AMERICAN EXPOSITION • Dallas, Texas. { Without obligation on my part, plewe send liter&tujt ,n4 \ information on wholesale prices for ADVANCE SALE EXPO. i CIT*l«"1*.t T"f S*W*rie> * "»T— ••'• »»**i««*^>^«* w«f^*4)> *<f^ %*i f sn miy TICKETS, " (Maw Street, i ftp. CtwiKh. Out w CW 5 O/»«»U«*«) Requested by_

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