Del Rio News Herald from Del Rio, Texas on April 18, 1971 · Page 4
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Del Rio News Herald from Del Rio, Texas · Page 4

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Del Rio, Texas
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Sunday, April 18, 1971
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Page 4
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DEL Rio Ntws-HtRAiD EDITORIALS 4A-DEL RIO (TEXAS) NEWS-HERALD, Sunday. April 18,1971 Welcome Texans, Inc. Welcome to Texans, Inc., successful manufacturers of ceramic i lamp bases for 21 years, upon the f expansion of their operations to [ include a new plant in Del Rio. [ We are confident that their choice of Del Rio as their new site will be a rewarding one and that they .will find this to be a community which provides industry with an opportunity to 'thrive and grow. We also congratulate the Del Rio Chamber of Commerce and the Del Rio Area Development Foundation upon the successful completion of lengthy neogtiations for the location of this industry here. ' Work toward attracting new industry does not frequently gain public attention. Of necessity, such negotiations must be conducted confidentially. The industries as competitive private enterprises are not anxious to telegraph their plans for expansions and possible new products to their competitors. Comrminities, likewise, are not anxious to advertise for competitors for their industrial prospects. Thus, it is only as such infrequent occasions at this, which negotiations have been brought to a successful completion, that the fact that work toward gaining new industries has actually been going on can be confirmed to the minds of many citizens who are interested in the economic growth and development of their community. The Del Rio Area Development Foundation has now operated for almost a decade. A number of institutions and individuals contributed generously to set up'a revolving fund for use in helping new industry locate here. The News-Herald, among them, is proud of its leading role in the organization of this non-profit, non-dividend-paying civic corporation. , The investment the Del Rio Area Development Foundation has made in the future of Del Rio in the short span of the decade has already been repaid many times over in terms of economic benefits shared by the community as a whole. ' Small industries such as Texans, InCo give diversity and stability to the city's economy and as the city and industry grow together,' they provide the jobs our people need. Few Del Rioans do the actual work of contacting and negotiating with industrial prospects, but all Del Rioans share in the task of attracting new industry. Anyone who does anything to make Del Rio a better community is helping make it more attractive to industry. : They share in the credit when a new industry such as Texans, Inc., decides to become a member of our community. I RAYCROMLEY Galley Furor Firms Policy JOHN TOWER By RAY CROMLEY NBA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON {NEAJ-^The strong public reaction to Lt. William Galley's life prison sentence and the difficulties in Laos have strongly influenced President Nixon's policy on Vietnam, These incidents have convinced Nixon, more than ever, that (a) Hanoi must not be allowed to take over the south, and (b) the U.S. must not make headlong withdrawals which might make a Hanoi take-over possible. This thinking is reflected in the President's latest announcement on American troop withdrawals: * The withdrawal rate — an average of 14,300 a month — is less than had been expected. * The original planning had been for withdrawals to be scheduled for a year in advance. More cautiously, the April 7 announcement covers only a seven-month period, up to Dec. 1. This is to give Nixon a chance to reassess the situation late this fall, when Hanoi's plans for the next dry season will be clearer, and when it will be possible to determine how well the South Vietnamese army has come through the Laos trial. * Contrary to predictions, Nixon gave no clear picture as to when his.country will be able to "see the light at the end of the (Vietnam) tunnel." Despite the hue and cry for a quick U.S. withdrawal from Southeast Asia, Nixon for some time has believed that a North Vietnamese victory in South Vietnam would result in the most serious political repercussions in the United States. There would, be charges of sell-out. There would be deep feelings of bitterness and self-reproach. Many of those who now urge-retreat would join in this turbulence. Nixon worries over what would survive and what be lost in the resulting witch hunts he is certain would follow. The uproar over the Galley sentence reinforced Nixon in these convictions. For in this strong reaction Nixon reads more than an argument over Galley. It is a reaction by many to our not going all-out to fight the war, a defense not of one soldier but Americans defending all soldiers whom they feel have not been allowed to fight to win. It is Americans defending GIs against their detractors. It is frustration over what many see as a possible defeat resulting from a lack of American will. The key sentence in .Nixon's troop withdrawal announcement read in part.. .. (if) ... "I should move to end this war without regard to what happens to South Vietnam ... we would plunge from the anguish of war into a nightmare of recrimination. We would lose respect for this nation, respect for one anpther, respect for ourselves." O.C. FISHER Pan American Week Thoughts Boiling Pot Now Shangri-La 29 Years Contemporary Americans have lived through lots of history. Therefore momentous events haVe a way of fading in memory, their anniversaries going by with little notice. Today is the 29th anniversary of one such event, one of the truly great episodes in American military aviation history. It happened before a good many of the officers and airmen serving at Laughlin Air Force Base today were born, so it might be well to note briefly the story. The date was April 18, 1942 and it was when then Lt. Col. James Doolittle led his Raiders hi a daring bombing attack on Tokyo. America had entered World War II only a few months earlier, with the stunning attack on Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941. The war until this time had been a series of devastating disasters for the United States. Japanese Imperial Forces were beginning to seem invinsible as they had made the Pacific virtually a Japanese private lake. Guam, Wake, Hong Kong and Singapore had fallen. In the Philippines, General Wainwright and the remnants of his force were making a brave but hopeless last stand on Corregidor. Then 16 North American B-25 bombers appeared as if out of nowhere, in the skies over Japan and hit the very nerve center of the Japanese Empire. , American morale which had dipped to dangerous lows zoomed and determination to see the v&r through to a successful conclusion was reinforced. Japanese were forced to pull fighter units and naval forces back for the protection of the home islands, with far greater impact than was realized until after the war was over. : The way the raid was accomplished was a picture of American daring and resourcefulness. It marked the first — and the last — time that land-based bombers were ever flown from the deck of a navy aircraft carrier. The Doolittle Raiders took their B-25s off the short deck of the USS Hornet, which had slipped within 600 miles of the Japanese coast. That was well before the day of today's global bombers. This secret was guarded .in an unusual manner. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the bombers took off from "Shangri-La." This of course was- the wonderful never-never land of James Hilton's novel, "Lost Horizon." This but enhanced the mystery which struck a tremendous psychological blow to the enemy. ' Today, a proud litjtle band of Doolittle Raiders are holding their annual anniversary reunion in San Antonio. God forbid, but if America ever has another day as dark as then, let us hope there will be Americans who will step forward to lift the gloom the way Jimmy Doolittle*s Tokyo* Raiders did on April 18, 1942. By JOHN G. TOWER U.S. Senator WASHINGTON-This week is Pan American Week and marks the 81st anniversary of the grouping of nations in the Western Hemisphere into what is now the Organization of American States. The OAS is currently holding its. regular session of the general assembly in San Jose, Costa Rica. And so, I would like to direct your attention this weekend southward. We are the leading nation of this hemisphere economically and technologically. As such, we have a responsibility to assist our hemispheric neighbors in achieving higher standards of living and in reaching many of the goals those nations may set for themselves. At the same time, we must refrain from forcing upon our neighbors developments which we believe should be made, but which they themselves would prefer to approach in their own way. in his State of the World message to Congress of Feb. 25, the President noted that "our neighbors face a fundamental issue in their relations with us: to reconcile their interest in close ties with their determination to mold their own destinies." He noted that "the traditional expectation that we should bear principal responsibility for accelerating development clashes with" their own "national pride and self reliance." This is the dilemma not only for our neighbors but for ourselves in the formation of our policies toward them. I believe that this nation should stand ready to assist our neighbors and our friends, but that we should avoid forcing ourselves and our development assistance upon these neighbors and friends. In this way we can render a degree of assistance which is desired but we shall avoid the .undermining of national pride which can only result in animosity. Texas' neighbor to the South, Mexico, is the showpiece nation of cooperation with the United States. Economic development there is moving apace. President Echeverria is energetic and popular among his people and exhibits a willingness to cooperate with the United States. Recent agreements on the U.S. boundary with Mexico is but one example of cooperation. The treaty which has been worked out by negotiators between the two nations will be coming to the Senate for ratification later this year and I am hopeful that a detailed study of that document will show it to be as worthy as my first review of it shows that it is. Another example of U.S.-Mexico cooperation is the continuing joint efforts of the two nations to reduce the traffic in dangerous drugs. This is a problem which greatly concerns me, and 1 was encouraged to learn recently of evidence that continuing cooperative steps are being taken in this regard. I am also pleased thatl the Mexican government has exhibited no patience with foreign-trained and financed insurgents as was demonstrated by the recent arrest of guerrillas trained in North Korea and subsequent expulsion - from Mexico of five members of the Soviet diplomatic mission. We do encounter a number of major difficulties in Latin America however. These include the persistence of Cuba as a Communist state, the election of a Marxist as President of Chile and continuing difficulties with Ecuador over fishing rights. In the so-called "Tuna War" with Ecuador, approximately 25 U.S. tuna boats have been captured this year by Ecuadorean gunboats, ironically donated by or purchased from the United States, on claims of violation of territorial waters which Ecuador contends extend 200 miles from its shores. The United States will recognize no more than 12 miles of territorial waters. We have cut off military sales to Ecuador and that nation brought the matter before the" OAS claiming our action amounts to economic coercion in violation .-of the OAS charter. Relations remain tense but the united States is attempting to promote reasoned negotiation. Election of a Marxist as President of Chile last year is a matter of immense concer'n to people throughout the Hemisphere. President Allende has renewed relations with Cuba and Red China, although he affirmed in a recent speech that he will not allow his country to be used by the Soviets as a base for operations against the United States. It is difficult to avoid the temptation to speak of Latin America as a whole. But it is important to remember that while there are broad historical bonds of religion, Iberian heritage and language, there are also great diversities of political history, economic policies and natural resources. I believe we must continue a national policy which deals with each of the nations in the Western Hemisphere on an individual basis while keeping in mind the inter-relationships between the various nations.. We must stand ready to assist those of our neighbors who wish our assistance and join efforts to achieve mutual gain: but we should maintain a position of strength in our dealings with those who would test that strength. Pressure Cooker By O.C. FISHER U.S. Congressman _, WASHINGTON-America's fabled 'boiling pot' has become a pressure cooker. ' It seems that the better off we are, the closer we are to winding down our involvement in Vietnam, the more discontented some people become. War protesters, pacifists, and peaceniks are not satisfied with gradual withdrawal plans — which our military experts insist will save American lives and prepare the South Vietnamese to train and equip themselves to defend then* country against Communist aggressors who are hell-bent on taking over all of southeast Asia. These dissidents, along with a half dozen Senate Presidential hopefuls, call for total immediate disengagement, a position which jibes with demands of Communist negotiators in Paris and one con«ir;erod to be a form of ,U.S. surrender. Protestors don't even see any f aod in actions which resulted in some 0,000 tons of enemy war-making equipment being destroyed or captured in Cambodia and Laos, and the killing of thousands of Hanoi's invaders. VERNSANFORD Another disturbing development is pressure by a segregated polarization of black power, spearheaded by all 13 Negro members of the House — the same bloc which segregated itself in January to boycott President Nixon's State of the Union message. Recently they lodged 60 Negro demands with Mr. Nixon, and threatened to use their political power among Negro voters to achieve their objectives. Among these demands are: A guaranteed annual income of $6,500 for every family of four. A federally financed $1-billion business development bank for blacks, and a $1.1 billion program for new public service jobs. Appointment of more Negro federal judges, particularly in the South. Withdrawal of all U.S. forces from Vietnam by next December. Sanctions against the Republic of South Africa, and a doubling of foreign aid to other African nations. Omitted from any concern was the matter of where the billions for additional spending is to come from. The bloc was silent on that subject. Welfare Costs Breaking State? By VERN SANFpRD Texas Press Association AUSTIN (TPA) -Steadily-rising welfare costs will "bankrupt" state government unless prompt braking is applied, Lt. Gov. Ben Barnes has warned. Barnes — acknowledging that a tax bill which may climb to nearly a billion dollars is necessary to balance the Senate's $6.99 billion version of the biennial state budget —'named a special committee to recommend how to effect welfare economies. Senate, meanwhile, approved the record budget while a sub-committee drafted a tax bill. The house is expected to move out this- week with its appropriations bill. Only one year of welfare financing Is included in the Senate bill. With a half-way welfare budget, about $668 million in new- taxes will be needed this year. Appropriating for welfare in a later special session will require nearly $300 million more, unless the federal government steps in with additional aid. Barnes* staff calculates Aid to Families with Dependent Children rolls are increasing by 3.10 per cent per month. Where 288,826 AFDC beneficiaries are anticipated by Sept. 1 this year, 906,236 are seen by Aug. 31, 1973. The latter figure would bring the AFDC cost to $76 million a year — $16 million above the rpoposed new $55 million annual ceiling to be voted on May 18. The Lieutenant Governor also noted that Medicaid costs have increased from $22 million in 1968 to an estimated $144 million for next year. He said state medical services to the needy — financed through Blue Cross I family insurance policies which will cost nearly $72 per family next year — are better than those received by all but the very wealthy. "I am convinced we are going to have to reduce the cost, or the state is going bankrupt," said Barnes. TEXAS ALMANAC EDITOR ASKS Are We Texans Becoming Wards of Washington? By WALTER B. MOORE Editor, Texas Almanac Are we Texans gradually becoming the wards of Washington? More than most of us realize, our economic welfare depends on federal spending. We talk a lot about cutting down on U.S. spending. But when cuts come, we cry a lot from the pain in our pocketbooks. U.S. expenditures in Texas in 1969-70 totaled $ll,126k640,496. That was almost exactly $1,000 per Texan. This made Texas third hi receipt of federal funds among the states, as compared with our fourth rank in population. . One big reason for reduced employment and incomes hi Texas, especially the Dallas-Fort Worth region, wls the drop of more than $1.3 billion in U.S. spending in the 1969-70 fiscal year from the, 1968-69 figure, of $12,471,383:261. ' } The 1967-68 flow of U.S. funds to Texas also was larger than last year — $12,019,066,463. Current outlays for the fiscal year ending next June 30 no doubt will be below any of these totals, perhaps under the 1966-67 figure of $10.624,285.819. Dallas , County got $1,296,780,362 in 1969-70. That wala big drop fror " 1968-69 sum of $1,864.484.099. L was below" the $1,662,300,34^ 1967-68, or $1,313,428,567 in 19C Tarrant County figures $1,686,655,468 In 1969-70, 111.813.510.898 in" 1968-69. i>2,§52,445,361 in 1967-68 and $2,029,814,383 in 1966-67. Largely because of their big defense-oriented plants, these two counties lead the state in receipts of U.S. money. They / also have large concentrations of government offices. were Vulnerability when cutbacks come is the other side of the com. These two adjoining counties got $695 million less in federal funds in 1969-70 than in the preceding fiscal year. That is more than half of the reduction in 254 counties of the state. : Houston's Harris County received $1,181,007,904 in U.S. funds for' 1969-70. The 1968-69 total was $1,321,756,256. That is about $140 million decrease, compared with more than-$568 million decline for Dallas County and $127 million for Tarrant. San Antonio is heavily dependent upon military activities to support its economy. Bexar County received $1,299,209,676 in U.S.'funds in 1969-70 compared with $1,314,451,809 in 1968-69. , El Paso County, which has the state's fifth-largest city and many government activities, received $419,323,196 in 1969-70 from Washington and $405,719,106 in 1968-69. Other counties in the state receiving more than $200 million from the U.S. in 1969-70 and their 1968-69 receipts were: Travis (City of Austin) $401,699,429 in 1969-70, an increase over the 1968-69 figure of $352,546,067. V! ; Beir County (Fort, Hood) $319,007,220 in 1969-70 N and $341,691,521 the previous year.' Nueces (Corpus Christ!) $230,160,945 in 1969-70 and $274,624 I ,206 in 1968-69. Jefferson (Beaumont-Port Arthur) $220,779,086 and $246,678,065. The increase for Travis County contrasts sharply with decreases elsewherel Much of it comes from a rise , f $22 million in Health, Education and Welfare funding, the $12 million from the , Justice Department for law-enforcement assistance grants and other grants to State of Texas agencies located in Austin. Defense activities represent the largest sum flowing to Texas and the largest cut. The Defense Department sent $5,044,027,000 to this state in 1969-70, compared with $5,775,611,000 hi 1968-69 and the 1967-68 total of $6,064,962,000., That cut of $1 billion-plus is being felt all over this state,/ Which ranked second among states in 1969-70 defense spending. Health, Education, and .Welfare ranked second in funds expended in Texas hi 1969-70."The total was $2,343,629,228 compared with $2,068,790,824 in 1968,69. Much of this, of course, is matching grants that supplement other sources. .Texas, because . of/Its relatively low payments to the needy, / I ranks sixth in HEW funding. Texas leads all other states in Department of Agriculture payments, as is to be expected because of the extent of fanning and ranching. The 1969-70 USDA total in Texas was $1,054,852,131 compared with $1,166,455,821 in 196&-69. Every Texas county received some U.S. funds* The least populous, Loving, Has 164 people. U.S. spending there was $98,881 for agricultural activities, veterans, the post office, unemployment insurance, etc. Any analysis of U.S. spending should point out that much of it is cooperative with state and local agencies; providing services that other governmental units would have to supply or citizens do wltRput. . 1 r' .. •...,

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