The Paris News from Paris, Texas on October 6, 1960 · Page 18
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The Paris News from Paris, Texas · Page 18

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Paris, Texas
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Thursday, October 6, 1960
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Page 18
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—H_4 THE PARIS NEWS, THURSDAY, OCT. 6, 1960 50 YEARS AGO LA Times Bombing Part Of Trade Union Struggle (EDITOR'S NOTE.—The nation's severe labor-management growing pains at the early It'OOs e.\p}ode..1 sky hifih SO years ago when a bomb wrecked the lx>s Angeles Times building. Here is the story of the teMMon. the blast and'the dramatic trial which followed.) By .IDE LKW1S LOS ANGELES (AP) — Most townspeople were too busy hurrying home for dinner to notice the thin young man with the burning eyes. His hand clutched a suitcase containing the seeds of death, <!e- j stniciion and disgrace. He.was- on; the verpo of a tragedy that cost j many lives, nearly ruined the. career of one of America's greatest lawyers and intensified an industrial war that echoes 50 years later in the City of the Angels. The man strolled by the Los Angeles Times building, dropped the suitcase in a roofed-over alley underneath the Times' mechanical department—and vanished. The suitcase was crammed with dynamite fined with an electric _ detonator, An 89-cent alarm clock j was rigged to set off the detona- j tor. The stranger walked out of j the alley at 5.--S5 p.m. j At 1:07 a.m., Saturday. Oct. 1. 1910, a mighty roar awakened the city. Four or five explosions—no one is certain how many—followed the I first blast. Flames and the cries I of the dying filled the sky over I Firsi Street and Broadway. The entire first floor wall on (he Times' Broadway side collapsed. Huge girders supporting the second floor were sheared like cheese. A pipe burst in the alley, and its gush of gas was ignited. By i:il a.m., flames surrounded the building. The toll: 20 dead, 17 injured. So began one of the darkest hours in the history of America's trade union movement. The Times' bombing was only one of about 100 dynamitings of industrial plants, powerhouses. bridges and theaters from 1906 to 19H as capital and labor grappled in a deadly struggle. Although most Americans now regard the era before World War I as placid and uneventful, it was a time of turmoil. America groaned with growing pains as the industrial revolution tortuously transformed the nation from a rural agrarian to an urban industrial society. In 1910, the big issue was open vs. closed shop. Gen. Harrison Gray Otis, publisher of the Times, led the open shop movement — permitting unionists and non-unionists to v/ork together—in Southern California. He said the open shop was vital to economic liberty and growth. Labor said only Ihe closed shop —compulsory unionization of em- ployes—could protect infant unions against powerful capital. Otis dreamed of lifting Los Angeles by its boot-straps from a mud-baked railroad pueblo into a thriving metropolis. He believed unionists—he called them rowdies j and ruffians—would turn his dream into a nightmare of industrial strife. His enemies said he was as bull-headed as he was bull-voiced. Labor vowed to break Otis and the open shop movement. Violence bred violence as thugs and strikebreakers turned the sleepy town into a bloody battleground. Police and strikebreakers fought shoulder to shoulder against unionists, terrorists, anarchists and socialists—making no distinction between criminals and : honest unionists. It was in this explosive setting fbat '.he Times bombing erupted. The paper was just going to press when the publisher's son-in- law, assistant general manager Harry Chandler, stepped from his office for a breath of air—and thus saved his life. His secretary, who remained, was killed. Chandler led survivors to an auxiliary plant bought by Otis for just such ar> event. Competing newspapers loaned the Times men and material. A few hours later the newspaper was on the street—an abbreviated four-page edition with no ads— and newsmen still marvel at how Chandler and his shaken crew managed to get the paper out. Labor leaders said it was a plot to disgrace unions; that Otis had instigated the blast—and some said it served Otis right. Private investigators hired by the Times traced the alarm clock and the explosives to several conspirators, chiefly James B. McNamara, 28, a consumptive, itinerant printer, and his brother, John J., 27, secretary of the Iron Workers Union. One of the conspirators broke down and implicated the McNa- maras. He said the elder McNamara and a companion, an engineer who designed time bombs, traveled the, country, getting $200 each plus expenses for each explosion. The McNamaras were held for trial. Labor cried: "Frame-up!" Union leaders hired the country's greatest labor lawyer, Clarence Darrow, champion of the underdog. His initial retainer $50,000. Darrow, 54 and ailing, sensed H I C.K M A N INSURANCE AGENCY Sojod Insurance Counsel ond Protection Since 1925 something wrong and took the case with a heavy heart. He soon learned the prosecution had incontrovertible evidence. Then Lincoln Slcffcns, famed king of the muck-rakers, entered I he case. Steffeas. left-wing dilettante hired by eastern newspapers to report the trial, met with the prosecution r.nei argued: "\\hy make martyrs of Ihe McNa- maras?" lilvcn if Ilipy are Yiangod, lie warned, it will be capital on trial —and vengeance would not revive tiif dead or restore Ihe Times. Steffans \vrni over everybody but Otis, who swore (he culprits would hang. Rut Otis finally gave in. Darrow agreed reluctantly, j ! knowing Ihe McNamaras would ' | hang otherwise. One day he asked James: "Why did you do il?" "Thorn was a labor parade," McNamara replied. "The police beat up .some of (he boys. The next morning the Times praised those cops for their heroic work. It was more than 1 could stand." McNamara said ht> placed the dynamite at the Times. Darrow, who hateil violence, was digusltxl. On Dec. 1, mil. the defense changed the McNamnnis 1 pleas In guilty. The labor movonien! was astounded. Some said Harrow had sold out. An angry mob bp.scl the lawyer outside the courthouse. They spat in hTs face and cried "Judas! Traitor!" Someone knocked Dnrrow down the steps, narrow was indicted and tried for jury-bribing, He swore he had been framed and was acquitted. In a second trial on a .similar charge, the jury couldn't nj'.rce. The charge was dropped. But the notoriety put narrow's career in temporary eclip.sc. .lames was sentenced to lite imprisonment and John, pleading guilty to a lesser charge, got 15 years. The bombing triggered a nationwide investigation. And 39 union officials got prison terms from 2 to 15 years. James died of cancer in San Qiienlin in March MM. His brother died of heart alt nek two months later in Rulle, Mont. Enthusiastic Fishermen Just Nuts on Bass Bags **y i.*/\KI.I llUjjIMfXCl 5s t Pfl/innni* 1 !.- fi\i Um. *1.^ \ « I « .mi . ,,,^,^'i r.m-,~\, n n it s\( li/i r> I > 7 n f I r> f O '11 t ft Vl i 19 f! til <%M \ A f* *1 C I Fort Rosalie in Missouri was Ihe scene of a two-day massacro in November, 1725), when Natchez Indians slaughtered l-M men, 33 women and "ifi children. By 15 A UK Waco Tribune-Herald Outdoor Editor Written for the Associated Press Two of Ihe most-enthused fishermen in Texas are just nuts over IKISX bugs. The fishermen are the veteran \V. T. Denson of Roscoe nnrl hi s junior partner, Bernard Siracener df Sweclwalcr. Bass BURS consist of a. hunk of metal, a siout hook nml a wad of hair. Straccner's father, the late Charley Straccner, designed and made the lures years ago and they are very hot items in the tackle boxes of fishermen in much of West Texas. From Sweetwater to Abilene, particularly, you'll find thousands of them. Fishermen like J. W. Croan, Edd Haugh and Charley Barnes o f Sweelwatcr and Horace Taylor of Abilene go along with the idea that "once you use a bass bug— you won't carry any other kind of a bait." The reason the bug is so good, Straccner says, is that it gets down on the IxiUom of the lake. "And if you don't fish the bottom, then you don't catch b i g fish," he says. Straccner's biggest bass ever went O't pounds, and was caught out of Lake Sweet water in 1955, Dcnison's biggest bass ever he is more proud of the time he caught 12 fish on 14 casls and kept 10 which totaled 63 pounds. He had a witness .to this almost-unbelievable feat, too. "But I haven't caught a fish this year," Denson says, "on any other kind of lure." They throw at a likely bush let the lure go to the bottom, then pick it up by lifting (he rod tip. If (he bass doesn't nil then, they'll often take four or five casts at it before giving up. THE PARIS KEWS, THURSDAY, OCT. 6, 1960—11—5 Old Vienna's Cops Are Men of Many Talents VIENNA (AP)—Vienna's "traf-, Like a true Viennese, he has fie Toscanini" has been s i de- music in his blood. lined. Policeman Josef Lukits, one of several oddly-talented members of Vienna's police force, is a victim of modernization. Gone are the days \-hcn I h n handsome officer directed traffic on the Ringstrassc like a famous maestro conducting a molto vivace music piece. His instrument was his whistle, his baton his white-gloved hands. "Let's go Franzl," (little Frank) he shouted to hesitant motorists, pointing a white-gloved finger in one direction while thumpi n g along another motorists with his other hand. Every motorist was Franzl to Lukits. Nobody minded it. In fact he became e x t r e m ely popular. What made Lukits so popular? "If he had a moustache, he would look like Schani Strauss (Johann Strauss)," signed one female. Maybe that was the answer. Now "his" crossing at the busy Ringstrasse - Ba ben-ber- gerstrasse is one great construe- X»*rfe\ ^'^:^M'^^ f >ta * .••< >y • ---'W . KX&l '•*#'• Welch's — A refreshing beverage Redeem this Coupon for with the purchase of S5.00 or more. U-UO I Thi> Coupcn tioim Octobir I. 1)10 S^Vfj ' •' . .fJ'-'-v ^"' ' ,V ,,.n^-~«1ff:- ' ! "4:.^>'- ; %•'>>/*: .-X I 24-Or. Bottles Town House Natural. Pineapple- Grapefruit. 46-Oz, Cam TOMATO Del Monte. 46-Oz. Cans eu/ay Wat* GROUND BEEF Economical — A Safeway Guaranteed Product. Made from U.S. Government Inspected Beef. Town House — Red sour pitted. 303 Cans f Turkeys New Crop —8 fo 14-lb. avg. U.S.D.A, Inspected for wholesomeness and Grade "A" Ready-to-Cook. Whole, ^flr Sawd " &f 6 f Whipping Cream ir^sr a::- 33 C Spaghetti Dinner ^-.ites;,. "a^S* Chicken Noodle Dinner K^/*' E.-41* insisnt uonee ^70^1^ m 1 ?"-.«. j!' rt Ti Instant Coffee !;fe-p....... i:,° Bs'nr —CK;Ur«neanm«V« Mt. HolCSoeolal. lh«mi,|v«j. PL,. Sparerib 3 to 5-Lb. Avg. Delicious fried or barbecued. Lb. "Naturally Aged"Safemy Beef! Round Steak Full Cut — U.S.D.A. Choice Grads Heavy Beef. FLOUR Harvesf Blossom. far baiting or frying I UO-Lfa. Bag-69*) ,10 K, 5 9 C CORN MEAL Kitchen Craff (10-Lb. 5 Veal Cutlets te" 0 ^. «,. 69^ Sliced Bacon SL, 2fe89*. Pork Sausage 'r.V.MS 11 4 .««. fl°° Pork Roast •«»..«-«. u. 45* O««nB«v« U^k««n& U.S.D.A. Choi'.e GraJi KUnip KOSSt »..f. ••N.tuMlly A,=d." U>. if lore l/alues! Lalani Pineapple>.7;Sin,..u 2s^:31* Empress Honey f±;:^s.. 5!; 0| -B3* P^nrskp Mix KittH " nc " ri — '- ib - 1Q^ Pillshury Best Flour Fcrb^. 5fe 55^ Nu Made Salad OiL,.w,«,,^.M 49* Golden Keen te.u 3-a; 51* ore ewau f f atue5. BUTTE; Nu Made — Creamy or Chunky. (New at Safeway). OtaVJsrU ^BiACK'BReAP PROTEIN BREAD | Q<j 27* Empress — Apricot, Grape, Peach or Strawberry, SVylarV P«w»r fii\ii, l-Lyiins add«d. Regular ITf l-Lb. Ujf Raisin Bread Slylarl ItcJ. l-Lb. Loaf Bread IS.rva. Regular 23< «lu«."2^ off." Mrs. Wright't 5 Iluttcrnillk I.oaf 26c SAFEWAY PRESERVES TEMPEST TUNA POOCH DOG FOOD Grated Light Meat. 12-Or. Jars I0-0z. Jars 6-Or. Cans Regular or Liver Flavored. DIAMOND MATCHES 2 6-Pack Ctni. Frlc«i and Cexponi Effective Thiirs., Frl. and Sat., Oct. 4, 7 end 8..... Paris, Texas W» Raiorvt trie RigM lo Limit Quanlititi. No Salei to Dsalon. Highway Sliced. Yellow Ciing sliced. Perfect for desserts. P lies Bel-air Frozen. Sliced. Delicious on short cakei, 16-Or. Pkgj. l) Captain's Choice. Fro-ren precooked. Rich in proteins. It 1 8-Or. Pkgs. i) Gardensida Cut. Tender and succulent.. Highway — Or Large Dry Lima Beans OP Dry Blackeye Peaj. No. 300 Cans Highway Whole Kernel. Golden nuggets of goodness. Gardenside, Rich in iron and vitamin content. Has a flavor ail its own. TOMATOES Gjrdenside. For casseroles or delicious in soups and stews. luce Washington State Extra Fancy. New crop. Perfect for out-of-hand eating. U.S. No.l Red —Ideal all-purpose potatoes. t f 7 f f ,ue6 \^jalorel n^onffo fifing Jui-M«J»— '/i-s«!.v/4 UFangc unnK 0,^10^. ^ w P3CK n3in SyrUP W^» and Pantalt. D«. b nh.rZtr Sandwich Spread i.-*.«. s^39* Italian Dressing w.,1,1..., ^63^ Cheese Dressing ^ w . fA. 49^ Sno White Salt H, h . rWW . stf 9* Crisp And cradling frash. Heidi Angei Flake Cocoamit± Roxbnry Candy ^,M ; , Fluffiest ^ ^ Cranberries Capo Cod. Id/I and it.Tip ting. Bartlett Peais Red, ripe and Firrrf. Perfect for tlicing. Lbs. Busy Baker Fig Bars &„,,. K 29* Busy Baker Fig Bars X";U 2-ft. 49* Fanning's Bread and Butter. A Tasty Treat, 15-Oz. Jar 23^ CATSUP Highway, Delicious on meats* 3 ° 49* %P Bottles AW For G" is for Galago Margarine r\f\ \tf\n \fnt\\jj u/n^4- 4-hic i?7 ^^ ues Coldbrook — An tconomica! spread. f s Do you know what this is? This unusual animal is explained on page 559, Volume Six : in your Golden Book Encyclopedia now on sale at your Safeway Store. Ba jure to get yours this week. Volume 1 <£#™ ^ Joyeft — Vanilla, Chocolate, Strawberry or Neapolitan. Ctn SAFEWAY Edwards Coffee Mellorine Beverage 3-Minute Oats All Grinds. /2-Lb.Can\ l-Lb. V- Cragmont — Cola, Lemon-Lime, Strawberry, Root Beer, Fruit Punch, Cream Soda, Oranga Soda or Grapa Soda. Quart (PlMlDtpOilt.) lion site. A passengers' subway is being built. Many months wi 11 pass before it will be finished. Lukits is at a secondary crossing, operating the handle of a traffic light. It's like Herbert von Karajan conducting a b r ass band. No wonder Lukits only IsveS by his reminiscences. "I was the first to apply liquid traffic' in Vienna," he recalls. "Before that, policemen used only ''halt' and 'go ahead' hand signals! "I was (old several times : by my superiors to give up direct ing traffic 'like a conductor/ and •• I did that for three days. W h e n traffic piled up at my crossing the orders were reversed quickly." •Vienna's police force also has other talents. One is policeman Rudolf Ifkovics, 4a. He speaks ten languges. With small metal shields on his chest indicating the languages he looks like a Russian general at a victory parade. Of Vienna's 8,000-man poli c e force, 400 speak foreign languages about 20 of them more than one. Ifkovics is the record holder. Why doesn't he be c o me a tourist official or seek a more lucrative job? 'I like my work in the police because it is very interesting. I meet many people and can be helpful in many ways," the police officer said. And, like St. Stephen's, he is one of Vienna's landmarks. He has been photographed probably as often. ' v • RUDOLF rFKOVICS . . .man of many tongues Two-Fister Marines QUANTICO, Va. (ft — There are some two-fisted Marines on firing line at this big Marine base. New personnel are now instructed to use both hands in firing the .45 caliber pistol instead of the customary one-hand method. Major John M. Jagoda, marksmanship director who originated the new method, says it will stop flinching and make them better marksmen faster. Later they will learn the one-hand grip. Pied Piper of Bees CON'WAY Ark. <AP) —A swam of bees took up residence on the rear bumber of a new convertible owned by J. C. Curtis. Among the curious persons who dropped by was Judson Goad, who k e e p s bees. He went for a beehive and raked the swarm off the bumper. At first the bees buzzed furiously, but when the queen entered the hive all the others followed into the permanent home. .••>•• • ,•. .• ••*,>:••..<:•.;.%.•- v,. -,;^ ".'-.•V 1 ::';'^^-":'^::^;:^ 1 ^*? ; ^ rt ^^>., 5 :;^v:i^,*M;-w>.*». PUEBLO IMAGE — This is model of 9-inch sacred stone image of Pii«blo Indian?* found in crypt near V«r» non, Ariz. Archcologists restored broken tight arm of. origin*!. Bill Eoglebarger Wants to sco you **>° ui . recapi'lns your smooth tirts! Bills' Tire &. Battery Serv. 137 CUrksvUl* EU4-3»t

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