Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on October 24, 1961 · Page 10
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 10

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Tuesday, October 24, 1961
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10 tHE PAMPA KA1LY NEWS TUfeSDAV, OCfOBER 24, 1981 54th IfEAJR (The flampa iatly Ncms AN INDEPENDENT FREEDOM NEWSPAPER We believe that all men are equally endowed by their Creator, and not by any government, with the gift of freedom, and that it is every man's duty to Gofc to preserve his own liberty and respect the liberty of others. Freedom is self-control, m» more* n<> less* To discharge this responsibility, free men, ta the best of their ability, must understand,and apply to daily living the great moral guides expressed in the Ten Commandrnants, the Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing information to our readers so that they can better promote and preserve their own freedom and encourage others to see its blessings. For only when man understands Freedom and is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabllites in harmony with the above moral principles. tUBdCRIPTION RATB» By Carrtor In Pampa. 35c per w»ek, $4.60 per 3 montns, »9.00 pftf 6 month*, $IS 01) per year. By mftll paid In advance nt office. J10.00 per year In retail trndltiR ;:one. $15.00 per year outside retail trading rone.. ?1.25 per month. Price per slngpla copy So dally, 16c Sunday. No mall orders accepted In localities acrvrd by carrier. Published dally except Saturday by the Pampa Daily Nflws, Atchlson at Somervllle Pnmpa, Texas. Phone MO 4-2525 all departments Entered as second class matter uhder the act of March 9, 1878, Finding The Way The famous artist Goya would frequently ask his friends to drop several crumbs of bread on the table at the little cafe where they ate. Using these as focal points, the artist would quickly sketch a picture. Sometimes, the random dropping of a few news stories reveals a picture of life. —One crumb of information was the brief story of the banning of the Rev. Doctor Scharf, a distinguished German theologian, from the East Zone of Berlin even though his diocese covers the entire city. —The other crumb is the presence in every city and hamlet of a church which has existed through the generations and continues to minister. We-of (en take these churches for granted; the tyrant never does. It is the mark of.all political dictatorship that it understands that the worship of God might be a threat to a new way of life. That is why the German pastor is denied access to his diocese. Since w.e don't confront this danger in our own society we may miss the fact that a religious faith is a commitment. Per- haps the very familiarity of the churches becomes their problem. They are taken for granted, a part of our landscape, sometimes protected as life is protected. Thus, the poet Berryman could write, "A man oan live his entire life in America without finding out or not whether he is a coward." It is newsworthy that'thousands of men, women and children worship and corporately express a faith. If as many Communists gathered in your community, they would not be overlooked. Two crumbs of news: the banning of a clergyman from visiting his churches and the history of churches in every American community . . . and out of these, the emerging picture that man must always pay the price for his faith or for his lack of it. It is the meaning of these historic institutions, for their steeples are in the struggle not as museum pieces, but as centers of worship and generators of compassionate concern. Before we are banned from our churches, we had better reihir.k' the commitment that founded the churches. Escape From Communism Intrinsic A majority decision to forestall an evil docs not prevent evil nor does it bring about good. A majority decision is only a majority decision. Actions and thoughts are good or evil in themselves. Home-Grown Socialism We got quite a chuckle out of an item which ran in a "conservative" publication recently. The item is as follows: "Phoenix, Ariz-, like many other cities, is undertaking an urban renewal program. But Phoenix's program is different from many. Mayor Sam Mavdian notified Pre&ident Kennedy that Phoenix didn't want 'federal money' for the job, and preferred to handle the program at home, in his own way"Phoenix apparently dcesn't see any use in sending its money to Washington, then applying for some of it back again, and getting federal direction along with it. "So last May, Phoeni:t voted in referendum for a 103 million dollar bond issue for a varied civic improvement program. It is carrying out its urban renewal without federal participation and without construction of socialized housing." Those who are accustomed to deal with governmental problems on the basis of principle will see at once that Phoenix is going ahead with socialized housing on a 103 million dollar basis. It isn't the "federal" government which creates socialized housing, it is any government using force to get its way- Thus, Phoenix has a type of homegrown socialism which is prevalent in virtually every city across the land and cnn claim no especial turn - socialist distinction. True, there is some merit in loading down the local taxpayers rather than loading down all the taxpayers (or a local program. But the size of the area to be looted does not provide a distinctiun as to the lype of program The Phoenix Innd issue for urr-an renewal is as cruel and unjust as any the federal government could devise. If the urban iene\val program of Phoenix is the same urban renewal schema we've been hearing about, it is a sly trick wherein the local government will dispossess cevcain people of their property by means cl the legal fiasco known as "eminent domain." Having divested these Property owners of what they own at a fee the courts decide is the correct fee, then the local government of Phoenix will raze fiie buildings on the prop?; ty and thea fell the land to somewit in high favor with the local powers- that - be. This "someone" will then go to work to "improve" the land according to some central zoning or planning arrangement pleasing to the city fathers, and the local taxpayers will find themselves paying the cost of this process for years to come, We know of nothing more socialistic than this, whethsr it occurs undqr federal or local auspices. And the mere face that a publication whiqh imagines itself "conservative" would laud such a scheme ij rather good evidence as to the ineffectiveness of so much "conservative" ef'ort- This, indeed, has been the very thing that has prevented virtually every conservative etlort from getting far. For many so-called conservatives do not operate on principle. Rather, they operate on the basis that coercion and violence are all right, as are high taxes and regimentation, if only the coercio.1, taxes and regimentation occur in accordance with their own schemes '»nd not in accordance with the schemes of others. The forceful destruction of property rights is the core of the socialistic program. Whether this destruction occurs at federal hands, at state hands, or at the hands of local marauders, the result is the same. The persons who own the | property are dispossessed. Other persons, who stand in high favor, are possessed of something they could not rightfully and freely purchase. And the taxpayers pay the bill. If true conservatism is e v e r to gain any kind of a victory worth having, it is going tu have to hue a little closer to the line than the recent Phoenix grab for power and money. Instead of finding praise for Mayor Sam Mardian, the persons in this land genuinely concerned with protecting property rights would be wise in condemning this action and in pointing squarely to the principles that have been violated. No Punishment PINOLE, Calif. (UPI — Mark Ferreira, 5, is told to stay in bed even though he awakes an hour : before his parents. He disobeyed these orders recently when he awoke tq find the home was burning. Allen - Scott Report: 8 Million To Hear From President As Alert On Civil Defense Needs WASHINGTON - If you have shown an interest in building a fallout or bomb shelter, don't be surprised if you receive a personal letter from President Kennedy within the next 00 days. He plans to write every citizen who has made an inquiry to the federal government about shelters or other civil defense problems. Using a mailing list of eight 7million as a starter, the President will encourage the receiver to fill out and send to the Defense Department an attached coupon for the latest information on everything from what type of shelter one should build to how one survives after an enemy attack. The president plans to use the personal letter as a siren to alert individuals at the "grass roots" to the nation's civil defense needs and to stir up support in Congress for a massive increase in funds for the program next year. The latter is the brain child of Adam Yarmolinsky, special assistant to Secretary of Defense McNamara. Assigned by the White House to guide the Defense Department's take-over of federal civil defense activities, Yarmolinsky sold the President on the idea of the personal approach. The letter is now being drafted by the staff .of one of the nation's largest magazine publishing firms in New York, In addition to the letter, the Madison Avenue firm is preparing a series of high-powered public relations methods ministration to use for the ad- in pumping new vigor and interest into the lagging civil defense program. One proposal, already approved by the White House, calls for the President to make a TV- RADIO address to the nation outlining his new program and the measures that each individual can take to protect his family in case of a nuclear attack. While no final decision has been made on the date of the speech, the President will probably deliver it some time late in November or early December. BIG DEBATE - The President's speech was to have labor-management committees for major industries. They would be to at the industry level what the President's labor- management advisory committee tries to do at the national .level— that is, get each side to understand the other's problems. . Behind Goldberg's new industry committee plan is the same idea that spawned the President's national advisory committee. This is that labor and management will get along better if company officials and union leaders meet in a calm atmosphere and talk on a high plane. BEHIND THE NEWS The Interibr v Department is restricting the use :,9f public lands for agriculture in areas where the water supply is dropping. The new federal conservation policy will be reflected in a series of department disapprovals of applications for homesteads in Western states where there has been a lack ol rain . .... President Kenndy's postal aides are going ahead with a long range program of automating the mails, which was startcc under the Eisenhower Administration. The only change the officials now running the Post Office have made is to subject manpower-saving devices to hard tests : o: their feasibility. Also, the P o s I Office is making a study of stan dardization of envelope sizes and Postmaster General Day is seriously considering imposing some restrictions in 1963. This move would permit the Post Of fice to make better use of auto matic mail sorting machines . . A revised guide to foreign in formation sources is available for a quarter from the U.S. Cham ber of Commerce, 1615 H, Street, N.W., Washington 6, D.C. It contains addresses of foreign embassies and offices, nonprofit business organizations promoting c o m- mercial relations between the U.S. and other countries, international goodwill groups, and a bibliography of published material in the foreign information field. delivered this month but was postponed when a big c o n t r o- vcrsy broke out among his civil defense advisers on whether his program should call for individuals to concentrate on fallout or bomb shelters. Also, the President vStill must make a decision on whether the government should aid the shelter program by dirqct government subsidies or allowing persons to deduct part of the shelter cost from their income tax. Final decision in both cases Is expected by the President before the end of October. In his public shelter program, the President plans by February 1 to have designated shelter areas in public and private buildings, mines, and caves suitable for 40 million persons. Once the shelters are marked, the government will begin stocking them with a 10- day supply of water, survival rations and first aid supplies, Plans are also being made to use postoffices, if not damaged in the attack, as registration points for survivals. The President fs putting Postmaster General Day in charge of this program. KEEPING THE PEACE - Labor Secretary Arthur Goldberg is going to set up another type of forum to keep labor and business peace if he can get top union and j management officials to go along. 1 He plans tq organize a group of There were 98,893 registered civil and commercial aircraft in the U.S. at the end of 1958, nearly 452 per cent more than at the end of 1940. Should^ -, " f'*» , /{''» i INSTALLMENT N(5. S ^ ftfE RISING COSTS Of As fialivc .politicians to,. Aril and Africa, take''c%n(fbl from the Eurdpean governments, they forth new administrations eager ta sett delegates 'in the'UN a*; proof ^ of their newly won "freedom." Trfefi these delegates vote on terms of equality With those 'from 1 the United States,, Britain and oth- - er great,-powers/ ' * . * As a result, the UN now has double the number-of Member* it started with in 1945, and.be- fore long it will have double.the 60 Members It had during trie Korean "Police Action.", From' Africa in 1960 came delegations ' from Cameroon, Chad, Congo v (Belg.), Congo (Fr.), Dahomey 1 , Gabon (with less than 500,000 Inhabitants), Ivory.Coast, Malagasy,'Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia; Togo, Volta. These, with delegates from another dozen new• governments 'forming' in Africa, will join ' Afghanistan, Ghana, Guinea, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Iraq, Indonesia,' ''Egypt, and other*Afro-Asian-Arab States to form a UN bloc generally'hos-" tile to "the-West 1 ; (capitalism), and,with more votes than : ,Wash- • ington has eye'r-been^able'to con-' trol. They will hold the i balance of power in the UN Assembly,' and with the Communist regimes, and the socialist ; neutrals they will command. a majority, \ possibly a two-thirds, majority. How would a practical politician or the noblest statesman obtain votes in such an organization? Merely by advancing 'far-sighted proposals for the common good? How well do the most learned men agree on such proposals? Or politicians? Will the scores of delegations sent by feudal princes, tribal' chieftains, petty despots or politicians 'elected from the most 'remote .-parts of the world welcome .and 'accept Washington's "leadership"? Some Americans, of course, hope that the billions of dollar*. Washington pours out in "foreign aid" to foreign politicians will 1 buy the political'-suppo;! we .waril, both in and out of 'the Ulf. Looked 'at in this way these subsidies constitute the-, biggest slush fund in all human history. But can money ; buy the understanding and character ^ needed for loyal support»o( moral principles in politics? ^Does not "the attempt to buy votes" foster/corruption, ' blackmail',and .conflict?- 1 ' Fortunately ^ for those who , can read the lessons of history TW- need not wait forth* answers!to' such question. So far iWashing-. ton has had more, influencejh.the •UN .than it is likely to enjoy, in- any foreseeable future. It has.- used both moral suasion and many billions of dollars to maintain , and tighten this ' corjtrol: And with what results?- , , - f • No brief article can • adequate-- ly review the record, but ,.two » facts "stand out. • • , * First, ruthless tyrants, openly^ bent on world conquest, have taken over, partly by military • means but mainly'by subversion and treachery;-"a score;of formerly independent (nations,; comprising one fourth to 1 one- third of the world's population '•• iii Europe, Asia and Africa; Yet the United Nations has- done nothing to punish. these '•> criminal aggressors, but in- ' stead continues to • give their- agents key posts in its , own- councils, departments. ; and- agencies. When Soviet tanks were crushing the efforts of the Hungarian people to oust the invaders, the, UN Assembly voted to "deplore" Soviet action in-crushing;the revolt, but not to "condemn" it; Going further, certain UN Members Video Performer ACROSS 6 Hops' kiln 1 Video 7 Seaport (ab.) performer, 8 Russian Helen mountain! 7 She appeared in 8 Malevolence the Spike Jones 10 Demeanor • series 13 Lubricators 14 Laud 15 Kind of bound 18 She Is—-e4 17 Apertures 18 Row* 19 Greek letter H Thrall 12 Soaks flax 20 Biblical mount aiFioer »St» helped With Spike'i — doing* 23 Mountain (comb, form) Ancw«r to Pr«v!ou« Punl* 2 Dark 31 Wile 32 Likely per M 35 Rodent 88 Equip 37 Pronoun 39 Malt drink 40F«J«r*l»(»b.) 41 Perform 43 Repent of 48 Demon WDetenntao KPUghtoifeitti 65 Moved ' " M Thin$i to done 5? Bate* of motion (jsirticuUfly the, United States) ; ,$teev.eft*d td,«#«fasii -outside "Kelp .fetching . the fttmgafiin patriots. 'Second, after IS year* of disarmament,discussions, th« UN's "peace loving nations" are still tttgaged irt\ history's Most cost' i? '< i ftd' nerve - - ricking, arma« rH<&t ; race/and the danger and -feartjOf^war, among them are greater, thin ever.' •"BuV what tbo'ut "..Korea?," . someone' asks. "EHdn't the .UN help'us to <stop .Communist aggression? there?" , Because'tWs Korean "police action" it M * often' cited', as an, outstanding. UN, •cMeveirtent,' M ' deserves '.6lir special attention. " "YIELDING TO THE COUNSELS OF NATIONS" Not in,any foreseeable future Is, the-United'-States'likely to posses* the influence 'and prestige in the United Nations that 'it enjoyed in 1950. For 'resolutions. endorsing' its intervention in Korea,'. it obtained more than two thirds of J the ' Assembly' votes. More than two thirds of the Members gave tangible'.tokens of suppo'rt, Including 15'whb contributed military.; aid. "< ; ;, •.'"' . ' Yet- the - same ^UN" Members who sent cbtnp'anles or regiments of soldiers to fight and die with' ours'-ln that war'Insisted'that we must not win It. ' ' In deference to. "UN- policies-, and'-directives," Washington never gave Its armed'fortes in Korea its best'weapons or permission .to-make .full use of the second-rate-weapons It doled out so belatedly' and stingily. In the first few weeks, United States troops were' overwhelmed by superior numbers and equipment, were cornered in the,, tiny Pusan pocket, and were In imminent danger.of being pushed into the sea., Yet American airmen were not allowed to bomb the power plants, of North, Korea, nor to pursue the enemy's planes to their bases in Manchuria, nor to bomb' these bases, nor, even, .to bomb .within ,5 miles Vi of the Yalu • river.' ,And, of course'^ they Were denied,^ all use of .atomic ,weqp-/ ons, of which this country'had, a ' monopoly and with' which • the enemy's bases and^sources of supply^ could 'have' oeen wiped out in | at few hours. , ' • 'On'near.bor Formosa; were thousands' of j well-trained troops eager-to < fight Vine 'Communist ' forces:. They'V^ere probably the onb/ v soldlers in'"the'< world, who really 1 -wanted to«, get'' Into - v that, war' on- either, 'side, i except' "for the i South"; Koreans themselves. But/' although 'Wasnington - grabbed at the'slightest'token of aid from* every . other nation,' often paying for It' out of its' own treasury, if refuse*! the aid of the anti-Communist Chinese. In "fact, because they were obviously so readyf and willing, the United States Navy, pa trolled the Straits to make,.sure these eager troop* stayed home. .- •' ' , Despite'these restraints "Without .precedent' in history"— MacArthur found a, way to get his men but of the Pus,an trap and' shatter the enemy, formar tions, He continued. his counter- 'offensive until he had chased the The U.N.? invaders into the remote reaches of North Korea. But even while the UN Assembly was setting up another commission to supervise the unification of all Korea under a single representative govern* Rient according to Its prewar plans defied by Russia, Red China began herding its "volUtK teers" in droves across the Yalu river. It was to avoid this that Washlngt6n, at the Insistence of its UN "supporters," had been so careful not to offend the Red China regime. This is why It would not let our alrnien pursue enemy planes across the Yalu Into Manchuria, why they might not drop bombs within 5 miles of the borders, why they had to spare the North Korea power plants In Manchuria. It explains why UN Members insisted that Chiang Kalshek's troops must not enter the war, and why U.S. ships patrolled the seas to keep them from attacking the mainland while they let British merchant vessels take war materials to Red China through the "blockade." Communists agents had tricked the governments of the world Into the belief that the Red China regime was a peace- loving government wanting only its lawful rights (as in Formosa), and that its build-up of troops and munitions in Manchuria was merely for.defense against a possible UN attack. But now that the fraud was apparent, .and Red" China was openly in the war, we-should have expected a radical change in Washington's orders to .MacArthur. That change did not come. Why? (To Be Continued) Should We Strengthen the U.N.? Price List Single copies ........... 75c each Orders of 10 or more ... 60c each Orders of 100 or more .. 50c each The Freedom School Box 165, Colorado Springs, Colorado By United Press International Today is Tuesday, Oct. 24. the 297th .day' of the year, with 68 to follow in 1961; The '' moon is approaching its last, Quarter., T,he'rnprriihg star is Venus. The /evening stars are Jupiter and /Saturn. < On this day in : history: Irt 1861, the first telegram was sent across the United States. Chief Justice of California Stephen Field sent a message to President Abraham Lincoln in Washington. And. the, mayor of San Francisco sent a telegraphic message to the mayor of New York City. In 1901, in a s,tunt to raise money to repay a loan due on her Texas ranch, Mrs. Anna Edson Taylor went over Niagara Falls in a barrel. She was, the -first person to survive such a stunt. The barrel was equipped with a harness and cushions leading a reporter on the Denver Republican to quip that Mrs. Taylor "seems to be faking a j 9 t of credit that belongs tp the barrel." |n 1945, Secretary of State Janjs* Syrnef • tnjnpuriced in Washington th»t the United Nations chirter wis i» fore*. Hankerings Its Up To by HOWARD KERSHNER •L..H.-D.' A thought for today: Russian Communist leader Maxim Lit- vinoY sjid: "To s^rengthea the Leagut of Nations is to abide by th| prifteipli <A epUfCtivt security . . .to tbide by the principle that if indivisible." No better example of the ful' fillment of the American dream is known to me than the success story of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Knott, of Knott's Berry Farm, California'. Walter Knott's mother was four years old when, her ;parents brought her across the desert from Tennessee in an immigrant train bound for California. They nearly died of thirst and o t h e r perils, but finally reached their goal, Walter Knott earned his living from early boyhood, raising vegetables and berries on rented vacant city lots. He and his wife, Cordelia, struggled with a barren, sandy farm in the desert, and were finally defeated. They next rented a few acres in Buena Park, California, and started their now famous berry farm. Cordelia Knott added luscious berry pies to the offerings in their little roadside stand. Later two tables were set up at which chicken din ners were served. From this humble beginning the business grew to the largest restaurant in the world, where 10,000 persons are now sometimes served an excellent dinner in a single day. With great ingenuity, and imag ination, Walter Knott has surrounded his great restaurant with many interesting survivals of an earlier America, The visitor can see stores as they existed on the plains and in the mountains a century ago. He may ride on an actual narrow gauge railway train, or on the stage coaches of a bygone day. He may pan gold as it was panned in the middle of the last century, see a wagon train encampment of immigrants encamped in circular formation as a defense against Indians, listen to a hillbilly band, and see and do many other interesting things in this unique spot which draws tourists n o t only from all over our country, but from abroad. This multi-million dollar business has been developed by the courage and persistance of Walter and Cordelia Knott. Now their children and grandchildren sur- j round them as they not only carry on their remarkable business, but strie in many ways to uphold and defend the freedom which makes it possible for men and women who are willing to work hard to Achieve success. Such things would §pi happen under the kind of managed economy and welfare statisro which so many Americans seem determined to •y McLEMOf George Jessel'r arnbltfon I spend the rest of his days it Army uniform "preaching gospel of Americanism" is laudable, and he should be khaki before he changes'his I don't q u it e under though, his insistence that iti an officer's uniform. In the si 1 saw it Was made quite cl that Georgie had specified an[ my officer's job so that he cj "travel from town to town try to inspire the youth of country so that they can apl ciate thjs country's greatness! opportunities, and-its freedom' liberty." What rank ,does Jessel tH would best enable him to ref the youth of the nation? ^er Colonel? Major? Or-Second tenant? i The higher the rank the eal it would be to get about. No dcf of that. A, general can get. a from the motor pool'while a.l tenant couldn't get a pair of skates, and a general stands letter chance' of getting a on a" military'plane than, saj| captain. But if Jessel really wants :o the youth of the country- f he has to ride in a motorcj side-car or hitchhike — then should ask the Army to make an enlisted mari; He 'won't as comfortably,/his food won't! as good, his drinks won't be| landy, and his uniform, won't quite as dashing, but he'll be :o mingle with the boys a' better. • • ":-• -.'' Generals scare the average of draft age, even when he il in the army. When he is inl he is, standing so stiff and stral when a general is around that [ ears close. . Private .Jessel; That's a perl grade • ,fpr. George!, The r| doesn't carry the social' adv tages as that of general or lonel, but it would open the"i to every barracks for! him,^'; make it. a. lot easier to reach youngsters , with his import] message. '-And George would that he* could isave money ior] private's, pay. ' ! As.'an- old enlisted man mys I know that being in the rar well'down, is the happiest : of I lots. The kids will take care| the 63-year-old Jessel, too. find that they will carry his p\ for him on the'marches, help clean his rifle, pinch hit for on KP duty, and even lend • a clean shirt for Saturday ni| passes. Field - Marshal Bernard Montgomery, Viscount of Alaij in, has now firmly establish himself as the logical, succesj to Pollyanna. He could find silver lining in a five-alarm f| a helpful hint in a flood, an seen blessing in a fall off a m| high cliff. His latest ambition — it cal into being on his recent visit ( Red China — is to go^into jungle with Mao Tse-tung, a described by Montgomery as man with a "wonderful face." Montgomery should have difficulty in equipping such a jl gle expedition. Tens of thousai of people — among them Britd to whom the Field Marshal on was a mighty hero — would cl tribute to getting the expeditj underway. I have already sent the Fij Marshal a machete, a snake kit, and a canoe paddle as small contribution. I am going! send him a map just as soon | I can locate one in which jungliest jungle in the world clearly marked and complete w instructions on how to get thel fl During a lawless period; Sicily, landowners hir local toughs as overseers keep order among the pea ants. The thugs were all tc effective. Soon they we tyrannising not only t peasants, but their emplc ers. They set their ov wages, fixed crop prices, • organised 9 secret society consolidate their powej This marked the ' the dread

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