Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 18, 1947 · Page 6
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 6

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Pampa, Texas
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Wednesday, June 18, 1947
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Page 6
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a NewS, Wednesday, June IS, t*^ - ****** most consistent newspapet iblHmea a&tty fexcept Saturday by The Pampa News, 321 W. Foster Ave "**- Texas. Phone 666. All flopartments. MEMBER OF THE ASSO- PRESS (Full Leased Wire). The Associated Press Is entitled ex- to the use for reptiblic.itirm of nil the loral news printed In tills .r, as Well us nil AP news dispatches. Entered as second class BlftUer &t the post office at Tampa. Texan, under the Act of March 3rd, 1S78. fe* «i««~~~ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BT CARfUEIR In Pampa 26c per week, paid In advance (at office) $3.00 per 8-ttWltlw. $8.00 pet six months, $12.00 per year. Price »er slnffle copy i Wfntt. No tail] orders accepted In localities served by carrier delivery. — •• > * f* EXPERT OPINIONS «', When the House of Representatives decided In re- Stofe' $40,000,000 previously cut from the Army Air Force budget,, two of tlie most persausive arguments for Iliu restoration came from Reps. William J. Miller. Uepub- licdn, of Connecticut, and John H. Williams, Democrat, of Mississippi. It is interesting, and perhaps significant, that both men are disabled military pilots. ' Mr. Miller was a World War 1 flyer, lloth his lejfs were amputated as a result of an airplane accident in Franuce. Mr. Williams. 28. enlisted in November. 10-11. He'lost an arm when a plane ho was piloting crashed in South America. Mr. Williams told the House that the Pratt-Whitney engine division, according to its president, had laid off GO percent of its engineers and some research men because it could not pay their salaries. "Forty million dollars," he said, "on comparison to the amount called Cor in this bill, is a relatively small sum of money, but it may mean a lot to the airplane industry." In his speech, Mr. Williams said. "Four years ago 1 was given an airplane to fly overseas that was the fastest and latest thing out. a Martin 1.1-20 . . . it was absolutely the fastest thing anybody had ever heard of in those days in the way of bombers. Today that plane is not only obsolete, it is ancient. Tln-y arc destroying them as fast as they can and replacing them with H-2i>s and P,-."»()S. Kven the B29 is obsolete." That, of course .is the continuing story in military aviation. Theoretically, any piano is obsolescent from the day it takes to the air. if not before. So the problem confronting the Army and Xavy air arms and the aviation industry today is to maintain the core of an aircraft industry and to continue research and development. The $40,000,000 which the House restored means 188 more planes than otherwise would have been the case. It brings the AAF total of new fighters and bombers to. 749 for fiscal l!>48, plus 579 new aircraft 'for the Navy. This is little enough compared to the 3000 new planes a year which the Air Co-ordinating Committee considers the minimum number to .serve as a defense force whenever world peace is assured and internalional disarmament is under way. The order for 11528 Army and Navy planes in the coming fiscal year does nothing, however, to solve the immediate problems of our aircraft industry. Last year eight of the 12 biggest companies were in the /ed, and three of the four that showed a profit did so only because of tax carry-backs. It seems to us that it it: as necessary for national security to have a long-range problem for aviation production as it is to have a budget Cor immediately aviation needs. s CONGRATULATIONS Pan American World Airways' round-the-world service, beginning June J7, brings to mind the fact that it is Grade Reports By GRACIE ALLEN I see where a musician in Milwaukee says our next generation would be much better ir mothers started singing lullabies and baby bunting songs to their children igain. He thinks thin soothing sort of musir at an early age makes children gentler and kinder when -.hey grow up. Well, if this is true, why not try lullabies'on some Grade of (Jin. Car .from kind and gentle wlin already grown .'('(• i; it would help any? At, night, choral groups could gather t in flf\ >< 41,.-. ...'__)._ - . V\ politicians under the windows of wl:c, see war around every corner oncl sins: -Hush. HJUe Senator, you scream. The United Na- dor lions are still on Uir beam," For those movie- heroes who are ahvfiys .getting into lit'.hts the groups cc;,Jd .stand outside night club:; and harmonize: "Bye. baby lending man. slum the cocktail while you can Better call a Yellow Cab before you. wind up on a slab." Common Ground ft? R. C. almost 20 YCJU-S since Iho company boj,'an the scheduled operation of American planes otiaide the country—air mail -flights between Miami and Havana, inaugurated! Oct. 28, 1927. Pan American's lotr books are loaded with "firsts" during the next two decades. The line opened up American air routes to Central and South America, the Orient and Australia, Kurope and Africa. Now it gives the U. S. the distinction of opening the first commercial globe- circling service. This 20-years' achievement is a real feat of pioneering. The nation may well share in the pride which Pan- American has every right to feel in this crowning achievement. fhow. I haven't yet consulted Emily Post on how to eat at a cocktail party for a clou 1 . But I think I .shall. I'd (pule to make a faux PAW. Enterprise studio should really be on the way to success with a 'film version ot the novel. "Pursuit of Love.' 1 The book has iu.st been banned in Atlanta. Bob Hope's new movie, "The Paleface." will kid the chaps off all western movies, ineludin;.', "Duel in tfie Sun.' Bob ha;; a hectic romance with Calamity Jane, gels mixed up in a rotiyh poker game in the Dirty Shame Saloon, and fights a street duel with the villain (Bob's gun is loaded with blanks omy he doesn't, know it.i ROSY RIDGE RETURN'S Van Johnson's new picture, "Iviirht Raiders," is back to "The Romance of Kosy Ridge." The film has had more titles than Van has fr.el.'lc.s. The others were: "The Yankee." "Wild Harvest." "Missouri f.'tory," and "Clouds on the Sun." That SOUR' I'm touting for the Hit ParaiJp. "Spring Came IJaHt to Vienna." uill be sung as :i ilut'l liy l.auiH 1 / iUeli'hoir and Jane I'luvcll in .Hue I'asli'i'iiali's "Luxury LintT." It's also used as background music for a swimming 1 scene Esther Williams iloi-s in '"/'his time for Keeps." Elissa Landi is back in town to her film career. .An expectant father i.s Eddie Green, the clever comic who i.s Ed "Archie" Gardner's foil on radio's "Duffy's Tavern." So They Say When a girl marries, leaving a nice job for housekeeping and child rearing- \vhut she misses most are Jialjils.—Dr. Irving. )ierj;er. Clove- • In Hollywood By ERSKINE JOHNSON NBA Staff Correspondent (Johnson on KI'DN Monday thru Friday. 2 p.m.) - HOLLY WOOD—Here's the lowdown on Maria Montez's current battle with Universal International. according to Maria. The studio cast her in a small role with Doug Fairbanks, Jr.. in "The Exile." It's only a 20-minute part. Maria says she refused the role. 1 saying it \vas too small. The studio threatened a suspension, which would disrupt Maria's outside film schedule. In retaliation, she agreed to play the part, but first she pointed to her contract, which specifies top billing in all her pictures. She played the role and now, says Maria, the studio wants to give her her only minor billing. Doug. Jr.. is smack in the middle of the row. Clark Gable and Ava Gardner will be vacationing 1 in New York at the same time. Coincidence? . . . Bob Turnbuil's reaction to our plea for another Ginger Rogers-Fred Astaire musical: "Wonderful—if Astaire doesn't try to sins 1 ." . . .Deanna. Durbin, they're saying out at Universal-International, bus her best movie in years in "Something in the Wind. 1 ' Ella Raines was on suspension when she landed that choice role opposite Bill Powell in "The Senator was Indiscreet." Sometimes it pays for a gal to get huffy about her roles. STEAL—BUT NOT SO MUCH Economy note: -The publicity boy at one of the studios received this note from their boss: "Whatever you've been stealing on our expense accounts, please only steal 50 percent of it." I've just, been invited to a cocktail party at the Hollywood Brown Derby for Lassie, about, to make KducuUon is the only protection u'.ainr,!, t:»ncer ui>t.il yeience ilis- !:o.'(.'I 1 ;; a cun 1 .—Dr. Ro:;eou H. Spen [.•or. director National Cancer Institute. Just now labor und management ;,vc supposed to br as nmd at each other as a couple ol wet hens. In c Kremlin builclinu they hope this i.s true. If it i.s true, they fake t.T. Earl BunUn:-';. president, National Association ol Manufacturers. Americans should be thankful that amid all our failures and shortcomings we still have faith in God. —Sen.' Clyde Hocy (D> of North Carolina. The Myth of the State (Continued) I want to quote further from the hook, The Myth of the State by Ernst Cassirer. In the last issue he explained that thfe eighteenth century was a century In which there was less mythology about, the state than any other time in the history of the world. The result was the writing and establishing of the Declaration of Independence. Of this document, the Declaration of Independence, Condorcet said, "The American Declaration of Independence is a simple and sublime expression of those sacred rights which such a long lime had been forgotten." The Declaration of Independence was probably partially a result of Kant's categorical imperative, and that categorical imperative is "act only on that maxim whereby thou canst, at the same time will that if should become a universal law." In (he nineteenth century Hegel had a great influence in Germany. He began to disregard the principles of (lie Declaration of fnde- pendenco of individual responsibility. According to Hegel there was no longer any moral obligations for the state. Hegel believed (hat morality holds for the individual will, not. for the universal will of thr> stale. Tf there is any duty to the state it is the duty to preserve itself. "It was the tragic fate of Hegel that he unconsciously unchained the most irrational powers that have evt>r appeared in man's social and political life," the author comments. "No other philosophical system has done so much for the preparation of fascism and imperialism as Hegel's doctrine of the stale — this 'divine idea ns it es- istH on earth'." And American people in this twentieth' century are largely imitating the German .stale. The German state believed that it. was Ilia duly of Hie stall' to educate the people. People collectively wished that, all people could be educated. They thus established the myth ot compulsory state (.'ducal ion, be- j Jiuving as primitive people do that the stt'.tf can in some m.iCi»»J educate the youth that is •<»» »veri capable of celling an edu <a<lon. Another modern twentieth cen- Ui ry myth of tin? state is that the state can relieve I he poor from paying their .share of I axes. They believe they can do this by having a progressive tax on the men with big incomes. They fail t^ see that by this act they are harming the future of the very people they would help. They are doing this by retarding I he accumulation ot tools, thus the poor have to work wiiti poorer tools and have to pay more for everything they consume. Another myth is minimum wages. After wages are artificially increased, the cost uf living is artificially Increased. If Ihu r.lini- inum wages are so high the slqw cannot produce Hie minimum wages, they have no jobs and those who have jobs have to support those who have no jobs. Another modern twentieth century myth is that money need not have value in itself; that the state can regulate the value (if money. This is a myth because it. is collectively desired. Truly we have gone a long way from the contractual form of government established by this country in the eighteenth century and we are paying the penalty of departing from reality and establishing a mythical slate. QUICKIES By Ken Reynolds "This one I got with a "News Want Ad—the other J killed clav her debut as the star of a new radio before yesterday!" THE TELEGRAPH •.. by Peter Edson , WASHINGTON-, i'NEA) — Long range implications of a Federal Communications Commission request for a $375,000 appropriation from Congress to investigate Western Union Telegraph Company's service, rates, and operation are now considered drastic, If the FCC should make its investigation and find that U. S. telegraph service was not as efficient as it should be, there would still remain the problem of what to do about it. Three possibilities men say that before Western Un-lVl'AGlC JUMPS PUT COMPANY ion i.s probed, il should be given a chance to finish its $CO million modernization plan, now scheduled for completion by the end of 19-19. This project calls for the erection of nearly three million miles of radio relay systems and the leasing of another million miles of Bell system land lines. Western Union would then be permitted to dispose of most of its poles and wires. Western Union is now trying to get have been suggested. Let the government subsidize .Western Union so that it could give -better service for lower rates. Let the government take it over and merge it with the U. S. Post Office Department, A number of foreign governments have long since socialized their telegraph business. running it as a branch of the postal service. Finally, merge Western Union with American Telephone and Telegraph Company's Bell System, to let one management run all of the country's communications business. Most telegrams get de- livered'by telephone anyway, Western Union nattiraly isn't any too happy about these prospects. A •survey by FCC would cost the as much as the govern- n Union's President Joseph appeared before the Holism *flR(l Means Committee re- •Sfe testified that what the rieeds more than anything t put from under the ?8 percent excise tax. cpst of sending a ne com- from the spokes- I.\ UEI) A large part of Western Union's woes can be attributed directly to government, interference. Up to war times, telegraph company pay scales were sub-standard. But a few days before it went out of business, War Labor Board handed down a decision giving Western Union em- ployes $31 million in back pay. That reduced the company's surplus from $36 million to $5 million. On top of The Nation's Press \VI1AT HAPPENS TO 1XXANS? (Fort Wayne News Sentinel) Some observers fear that the Foreign Liquidation Commission's agreement to extend Hungary $15,000,000 as a credit to buy surplus war materials may turn out to be another Japanese scrap iron scandal. The circumstances seem to sup- po»t the fear. If the negotiation i.s similar to the previous $15,000,00 credit; extension, it would be repaid in 25 installments beginning July 1, 1952. The r.ussinn army controls Hungary, even though an anti- Communist party has elected a majority in the new parliament. That majority, reports say, is now being converted into a minority by imprisonment or possibly h'q- uiilation of anti-Communist members of the parliament. What happens then to the loan? Who gets the war propertyV It i.s difficult to see any other outcome than that Russia will be the winner in this deal. rid of'a number of its offices which ' t!vat WLB granted a wage increase don't produce revenue, substituting 1 agencies in drug 1 stores, filing stations and such places that are open long hours. FCC has to grant permission for the closing of any office. Opposition usually comes from chambers of commerce, neighborhood business associations, and em- ployes of the telegraph offices which •the company wants to close. The modernization plan also calls for installation of a number of facsimile telegraph transmitters, ."potted around like mail boxes in | business building lobbies and private offices. Charge account customers would have keys to these boxes. They would write out tljeir messages on telegraph blanks, drop them in a slot, push a button. The machine would do the rest, delivering an exact copy of the message just as written. The bill would come later. All these changes look towards mechanization of the telegraph business, to reduce manual operations and labor costs. Over 70 cents c|; of every telegraph dollar now goes to labor. This compares to 40 cents in the telephone business, which has cut labor costs by dial phones and other technological improvements. which cost the company another S2H million, and threw it in the red, though 1945 had been its best year. A year ago one of Secretary of Labor Lew Selnvnllenbaeh's fact- finding boards granted telegraph workers another wage increase which cost Western Union another S23 million. A third raise, to cost the company another $f5 million, has just been agreed to with AFL unions outside New York City. The CIO union in New York is still holding out. but the total of all increases in the last year and a half adds SI million a week to Western Union costs. The 0nly way these costs could be nu't was for another arin of the Kovernmcnl, FCC, to grant Western Union rate increases. This FCC has done twice, for 10 percent each time, giving the company $35 milion increased revenues. Currently Western Union is netting about a half a million a. month and its c;ettini{ by ou a big econo- mi/.ing drive. The telephone strike this spring helped Western Union business by three or four million dollars. But liua strike may have revealed that any merged of telephone and telegraph companies would be suicide for the national communication system. RIFT IN THE CLOUDS (The- Chicago Tribune) A cheerful bit of news, kept secret for reasons; of security since Oct. 12, 1945, has been made public by the University of Chicago, which played a major part in developing tho atomic bomb. It appears that there- is a defense against the deadly irradiation which follows t!ie explosion of an atomic bomb, in addition to the obvious defense o£ hiding in a cave. Dr.'J. Garrott Allen of the university has discove'-ed that a commercial dye, toluidine blue, is a means of preventing or con- troling hemmorrbage caused by acute exposure to the rays. When Ihe dye was injected into the veins of animals, it was found that it acted as a clotting agent to stop the hemorrhages. Further news from the university on defenses against the bomb is awaiteH .hooefuily. Sword Swallower Will Stick to His Swords DETROIT—OF}—Sword Swallowe Anthony Mareno has a soy'e throa today. / Performing in a sideshow act a Eastwood Pork he substituted neon tube for his customary swore The tube broke/ Mweno w.as take to Saratoga General Hospital fo treatment of cuts to li OASWOOD. CAN YOU . SW OOY$N A THIS £VBNW<3 AMD you KNOW STEAK GETS TOUGH IF TRY TO KEEP IT WARM HEARD THAT' .. „ TWESE REPORTS? IT'S' VERV IMPORTANT ,/? ' TONIGHT--- WEP3 HAVING HOKAVf- SOLUTION NUMBER Twor VCLJ GO AWAY SOLUTION, NUMBER. ONE.- a YOU P AWAY- „ ALIVE .»7 IS PP.OBLEt1.rr BOTH OF US CAN'T HAVE HE.R." SO, I FIGURE OUT TWO SOLUTIONS/. 1 * LOVE MINNIE MUSTACHE f. aoYS/T' -DON'T ' LOSE YORE' LIKE. SOL-DTION BUT, GENTLEMEN'. SUEELS IW LMER. WORK. WILL MONE FOR. fc FEW PECfcLESS SENB.5 IN VOUTH...WHEM I SUCCUMBED TO THE CNSH tURE OF COMMERCIAL ML WE WN4T TO KNOW; \ SPECIMKEP IM MR.tCOONTr,l5 USINSffWTENN IN 1922, 5L!Hi VOU PNNTEO A PICTURE THAT'S NOW FAMOUS THE "WANGLE I'M CWTMN AND THIS 15 .SIPEON PftPP! MARMADUKE KOONTZ Of WHIWPEEtNS INFM*1T WJ0EIS AFEND.I CAN'T RECAU ONE-, FIZCM ANOTHER AFTER A .;; SU|V,R.Tefe OF IX CENTIME WHW POSED FOE THE PICTURE! IM DOIN'YOU A GREAT SERVICE, LETTIN 1 YOU LIVE A FEW SECONDS LONGER... BUT. WHEN YOU COME DOWN, THAT'S ALL, BROTHER; 1O <5\.\P THESE CTARROT? TO RYPER'S THE THUNDER; WHAT YOU ', reo x f\T VJORK i HtAPH \ VOHRT 3. KittD .Vh OR I •SONteTttlNC. HE-PiT VOWt Tt.VV.'a <3>O\Nji& TO SETTER WOT OUT ONE NIGHT.OM A SAFARI, I WAS AWAKENED By MY / HEAP GUM- BEARER. / lM THOSE OAYS THAT MEAMT JUST ONE THING --- WAR/ BIG TROUBLE , BWANA , ' HE SAYS , POIMTIM& iivTo THE JUNGLE. ' THEM t HEARD THE DRUMS TALKING MESSAGES ACROSS (VWJY,MANY MILES i was In a spot she couldn't I • out of. &ut she gave it a try. CONNIE, Tea i TRUTH— ARE \ HIDIN& SOMEONE? i BODY, 6ENTS. BELiEVB \\ IT OR NOT, I WAS JUST '•^ ttllc ' ' IT'S MY WEAR IT WHEN I GO RID4 NIFTY FELIX SWU THATS FUNNY. THE INITIALS IN IT ARE*N,F."COUtDN'T BE YOURS, COULD THEY ? , I'D BETTER INDIAN CHIEF AND TEU WHY PONT YOU glACKFEET (3ROW .. MAY I, EPOIE? I SAIP,..MAY-1 1 OKAY...THE SAME TKIBE PgACTICALLY. PLAYING INOIAN... WHYfclOT? ANY NEW ANSUE.,. IT'S GETTING TOUCHER THAN EVER. TO CRA-5H INTO PICTURES .THESE CH, HEAV&H^. NO, QlMG, l .! tCH'T LIKH MW FATBEf? «<MD HE'P B«X*SHT TWAT

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