Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on April 19, 1937 · Page 3
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 3

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Monday, April 19, 1937
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MONO A Y EVENING, APRIL 19, 1937 HIE VAIP'A UA1LX NEWS, PAGE Spain's Military Lesson Largely One Of Morale Rather Than New Tactics BY RODNEY DUTCHER, Pahifla Bally 'News Wasliirtgton Cori-esporident. WASHINGTON, April 10. —The chief iessons our own military experts have learned from the warfare Ifi Spain have to do with psychology and ffiol-ale. Although it has sometimes been said that Spain has become a proving ground for the armies of the world and their weapons of death, arjny officers here say little if anything new has been learned about those weapons or their relative effectiveness. But It has been demonstrated at Madrid that terrific bombardment'; 'from the air do not necessarily demoralize a civilian population, even If carried on for months. On the contrary, it is pointed out informally at the War Department, bombardment appears to have stiffened the morale of the Madrid population by intensifying the anger of the people. Madrid is the first large city ever to sutaln such a severe attack from .the air and it was never possible to .be sure as to these points before. The effect might have been different had the poison gas bombs been dropped, but the experts here say poison gas is not very effective in a City, that It is hard for planes to achieve concentration in a gas bombardment and that is is relatively easy for citizens of a qity to protect themselves from gas. These considerations, rather than any of humanity, are believed to explain the failure to drop gas on Madrid. On the other hand, the apparently low morale of Italian troops in Spain when under severe attack has also Impressed American military strate- 'gists. It Is believed that Mussolini failed to "whoop them up" with the proper amount of emotion and war hysteria, that they found themselves on foreign soil without conviction that' they were fighting for a holy caUse of any sort and that this lack ' of'ai proper admixture helps explain their willingness to retreat when 'fighting became fierce. The' : Spanish loyalist troops, on the Other hand, have been imbued with hatred and the conviction that they were fighting for their lives, home and freedom against an invader, COURT PLAN FOE IS CERTAIN MEASURE WOULD PASS Infantry Still Basic. Stressing the fact that the Spanish war would be much more instructive if one strong power were fighting another and each was using Its best men and materials, general staff officers nevertheless are in- .stetent that it has demonstrated their contention that airplanes, :tanks, .artillery, machine guns and all new or improved wrinkles of warfare are simply auxiliaries to infantry. No territory or strategic point can be captured or held without an adequate force of infantry, that point out, and the Spanish war has shown no change in in- .fantry tactics. Mechanized units, meaning tanks or "other armed and 'armored vehicles, are said hot to have proved especially effective, although they're far speedier and more deadly than they were in the World war. The rebels have received all their new planes, and major armaments from Germany or Italy and the loyalists theirs from Russia or Prance, according to War Department information. .Italian bombers have been conspicuous, but Russian pursuit planes have done the most outstanding :wprk. The latter appear to be a combination of pursuit and attack 'plane. "Hedge-hopping" and spraying ground troops with machine gun fire, they have proved that this method of warfare can be extremely effective either in delaying rein- 'forcements or in actual attack when supported by infantry. Also noteworthy, according to our army men, are the Spanish government's 20 millimeter machine guns which can fire 200 shots a minute and are said to be capable of pen?' trating tanks. 'Arpljies' IVJere Effective. Anti-aircraft guns are shown to have developed immensely since the World war. A new director, correcting for barometric pressure, wind and many other factors, operates electrically to keep guns or an entire battery trained on enemy plane, with each gun firing 20 to 25 shots a minute. The high explosive shells when exploding, each create a danger area for planes as large as a fotball field. Anti-aircraft guns have brought clpwn 80 per cent of the pjanes, disabled. At first Franco, with. CJerman batteries and Qerman- trairigcj crews, had a monopoly on anti-aircraft effectiveness, But Madrid, whiqh had the'equipment from the beginning, has recently appeared to h.ay'e effective traipqd personnel to jttan them. ' • '" Our military men dop't know whlph side will win the war. They say that's because no one knows whether Mussplini will insist on bringing in jnore arms and more troops. .(Copyright,' 1937, NBA Service, Inc.) Qfflpe Supplies TJCE WASHINGTON, April 10 (AP)—A leader of the Senate opposition to the Roosevelt court bill toclay said the measure would pass if the President would accept two, instead of a potential six, additional Supreme Court justices. The senator, who asked not to be quoted by name, said a modification would win over enough Derrtocrats who want to "get right" with their party leader and their constituents to pass the bill. It was the first time any of the leading opponents of the hotly-contested measure had agreed it could be enacted with a provision for aliy increase in the size of the Supreme Court. Opposition leaders heretofore have insisted they had a sojid bloc of 43 v'oteS against the bill—and that no measure could pass the Senate with that many fighting opponents. The "Senate judiciai-y 'committee resumed hearing'' testimony today under an agreement to continue for a week or ten days. The opposition presented Alan Linburg, New York lawyer. Labor's non-partisan, league will hold mass meetings tonight in 26 cities in support of the bill. George L. Berry, league president, and Attorney General Cummings will give the nationwide radio addresses. Some of the principal foes still were undecided today whether it would be better strategy for them to vote down the number of new justices or to oppose any compromise and force a vote on the bill as it stands. (The measure would permit the appointment of six new justices unless members over 70 retire.) The committee's decision to resume hearings made it virtually impossible for the bill to reach 'the Senate floor before the middle of May. Shortly thereafter the Supreme Court's annual term will end. There have been persistent reports the end'of the term would bring at least two retirements from the bench. If they should materialize, many Senators expressed the belief the ad- fninistration would have no objection to cutting down the new justices in the bill to two. That might bring a quick conclusion to the judicial controversy. WASHINGTON, April 19 (/P)— Members of the American Federation of Labor executive council said today the group was near the, point of final breaking with unions aligned with John L.' Lewis' rival Committee for Industrial Organization. '•' Frank Morrison, A. F. of L. secretary, said it "was conceivable the council session opening toclay would move for expiilsjon of 'the Lewis "Rebel" unions. ' • This would be done by fixing a time and place for a special federation convention to ratify last year's suspension of the groups. The ostensible purpose of the council meeting, however, was to discuss a general membership campaign and the situation created by the Supreme Court's validation of the National Labor Relations Act. As the members went into session, Lewis met a few blocks away with leaders of the Unite.d Automobile Workers to consider plans for organizing employes'of (he. Ford Motor Company. • A"p05sible first move was filing of' charges against the; Ford company with the 'National Labor Re- latjonp Bpard. Honier ftfartin', automobile union 'president, indicated in '-"Detroit 'recently tjiis might be done. "'•' • ; ' '•••'• • '• •' Bespite the threat of labor difficulties, the Ford company announced plans for expansion of its plant. An^ffipial ?a'}d Henry Ford liad approved 1 'construction in Detroit of a 2,500,000 "cubic foot gas hplder "as h'igh as' an ISrStbry building." - F •: '•'••• '• •'•••" • ''The; break between Lewis and the American Federation pf "'Labor csrne & year ago pyer the question of ; craft unions' or industrial 'unions. The fedejation"s 'policy'hf\cl" been to' organize "'each craft se£ar'a\ely. Lewis" contended all' woj-kerV iri a niajpr indusrty should Ije in- one i>ig «»|on', regardless of th^jj cfaft. ': Impatient'witli' 1 the A;' p. pf L. ppiioy,' •Lewis' fprm.ect the Co^mitte tor •' Industrial'''Organization 1 ^"with the : United ]Mfjne 'W^^rs as its •key union. Wilie' o,thej ; '"Bjg 'lipions jqinecrh'im. : $r were'suspended by the. ••federation. ' "••:'••'••'" •'The meeting pf leaders $ the rival laBpr"'faptipns'"were' pri the eyfe' pf ''a" joint'' bujsinesSTlabbi' conference, 'calleri fey. 'ggqretey. ggrk- ins.i tp, .fUscuss problems of collective barga'toing under the Wagner Act. HONOR GUESTS AT FIRST ANNUAL "LAWYERS* DAY" AT SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVERSITY ASSOCIATE JUSTICE JOHN H. SHARP CHIEF JUSTICE C; M. CUrtETON ASSOCIATE JUSTICE RICHARD CRITZ JUDGE S. H. GERMAN PRESIDING JUDGE J. D.HARVBY JUDGE JOHN E. HICKMAN JUDGE \y. M. TAYLQR PRESIDING JUDGE G. B. SMEDLEY JUDGE A. B. MARTIN The members of the Supreme Court and of the Commission of Appeals arc to sit as a court of last resort at the final Case Club Argument to be held on "Lawyers' Day," April 21st, at Southern Methodist n.mJii? cIasc , i " vo ' v !PS a state income tax question will be argued by Virgil Bozeman and Bernard B. Hemphill, Jr., for the appellant, and by Bill {lemphill and David A. Frank, Jr., for the appellee. All are members of the senior class. All lawyers are myited to attend the argument, which will be held at 3 o'clock In Mcl'urlin Auditorium, ' ••' • ' .]' In 'i^ PJ c *'^' r ?. tll 'P l ffP r ,P> v shows the members of the Supreme Court, while the other two rows show Section A and Section B of the Commission of Appeals. ; '••- ' ' ' ..... CK'ILDRESS, April 19 — Three days, crodwed with activity, is in store for some 500 West and Northwest Texas Rptarlans who will be in Childress April 25, 26 and 27 for the annual 41st district conference. Addresses by such well-known men as Douglas Malloch of Washington, D. C., internationally famous poet, philosopher and lecturer, Fred Wemple, Rotary district governor from'Midland, and Karl Barfield of Tuscon,' Ariz., Rotary International representative; entertainment features including a hu- morous'talk by' the'Dentoh humorist, "Prof." R: E. Jackson, a'chick- en barbecue at Ch'ildress' beautiful new park, and a conference ball, are all on the program. 'The convention will open Sunday afternoon, April 25, when registrations' start at 1;30 in Hotel Childress, convention headquarters. From then unlil Tuesday afternoon, every minute will be filled for the visitors. ; Sunday night, services will be held at the First Methodist 'Church for the visitor's with Pr. J. N.' R. Score of 'port' Worth in the pulpit. Follpwing the church services, an informal' fellowship reception will be held at the hotel. The first general session wjll be held' Monday morning'at the Palace ' Theater. Jerry \y, Debenpprt of Childress will call the conference to order. Charley Lpve,tt, president of t}ie host Club \yill give the address of welcome' and Ruel C. ! Walker of Cleburne will respond. Addresses' by Wjemplfe 'and Bar- field'will' feature ''the-morning session and, a new district governor will be elected-"at tile close' of the session. ' •••.•• • <••• At noon Monday, group meetings Will be held. The club service group will meet at the Central Christian Church with Bernard Bryant of Stamford as chairman; the vocational service group will gather at the Presbyterian phiirch and gJJJs Boyd of Port Worth Will be in charge; the group on community service will meet at the M.ethodist church with Rue Purcells of Amarillo as chairman; and the International service group will meet at Hotel Childress with Ray Nichols pf Verpon as chairman. "Qn-tp-Njqe," mption pictures and travel information, with Cal Farley of Amar'iUo in charge, wjll wmiyo wes for P9V«1 Type-' \vriteru. Expert- repair service on all 1 office machines. Service on 'nil nmkea of safes— combination changes, etc; be the feature of Monday afternoon's program. Farley's Amarillo Maverick club boys will furnish entertainment. Entertainment will be in order Monday night. At 6 o'clock, a chicken barbecue will be held in the Rotary wheel at the park with James C. Mahan of Childress serving as master of ceremonies. Following the barbecue, the conference ball will be held in the municipal auditorium with music furnished by Marshall Van Pool and his Orchestra. A presidents' breakfast, for all presidents, past-presidents and presidents-elect, will be held in Hotel Childress Tuesday 'morning at 7:45, and a secretaries' breakfast will be held at the same time at the Presbyterian church. The regular Tuesday morning session at the Palace Theater will feature the address'by Doug Shirley of Canyon and talks by several other prominent Rotarians. Douglas Malloch will speak on "Philosophy and Facts" at the closing assembly Tuesday afternoon. TACOMA, Wash., April 19 (/P)— Dr. W. W. Matson revealed today new threats have been made against members of his family, but he expressed confidence his son's kjdnap- slayer soon would be captured.' The father of slain Charles Mattson, 10, said lives pf Muriel, l>is 15- year old daughter, and William, 16, his remaining son, have both peen threatened. He expressed belief the threats were from "cranks." In the first interview granted since Charles' body was found in an Everett, Wash., thicket Jan. 11, Dr. Mattson disclosed the threats came in the f)opd of letters delivered at • his home every day since the kid- naping last Dec. 27. The last,"it was learned, was made less than two weeks ago. "They w on 'y Mrs. Mattson," the physician said, "but I am' confident they are simply the work of cranks who write letters to everyone whose name temporarily is hews. Undoubtedly, they represent the criminal element which walks our streets every day as a potential menace to every family." He admitted each threatening letter is carefully scrutinized by federal bureau of investigation agents, some 40 of whom are still stationed in Tacoma. Refusing to discuss actual progress of the hunt for Charles' killer, he said: "I have great hope we will get a "break' in the search soon and be able to put these murderers out of circulation." Apparently certain more than one person participated in the crime, Dr. Mattson blamed easy parole systems fprthe kidnaping. TODAY AND TUESDAY Here is a Special With SMILEY BURNET "Maple City COMING FRI. and §AT- First Episode pf FLASH GORDON The Wonder Serial Through ftua — No Change Le,aye8 Painpa fpr Oklahprna City and points east at 9;40 a. m. and 4; 15 p. m. L§ayes parnRft fpr Enid at 12:40 p. m. Leave? jPaj^pa fpr ChlWregs, Wichita Falls, Dallas at Jl;00 a, m., 2:45 p, m, and 7;QO p. m. via AH»* arillo. Large new houses all tfye wa$r over an all """"'" ...... ' "'" ' " ' " '"' : ' "'•'' paved f >y e If yo», t.Q.-Ap$r,UJp..ilpd PAMPA BUS TERMINAL PHQN871 CANCER CAN BE ELIMINATED BY ICEEPINpOQKS' Recording of Medical History Urged By Doctor By .TOHN L. BACH CHICAGO, April 19 (IP)— Recording of every family's medidal' history for diagnostic purposes holds the secret to longevity and freedom from disease, Dr. Maud Slye, noted cancer research scientist, said today. • The pathologist, who has stud- led hereditary cancerous strains in lffO.000 mice during the last 28 yefers, asserted that complication and study of family tendencies which are passed on from one generation to another and the practical application of them "would in' time eliminate cancer." "I succeeded through the use of records and scientific breeding in completely eliminating the cancerous strains in many families of mice," Rr. Slye said. "But, this was only possible through bookkeeping." Volumes of records are kept in her laboratory, sketching the hereditary traits from generation to generation. "From these records," she said, "I can predict with a very small margin of error what will cause the death of every mouse ih the laboratory." "Human records should be kept In a central bureau for the use of the medical profession. The government has succeeded in filing the 'records of some 7,000,000 criminals; the same could 'oe done with family health charts." If human beings could be bred like mice, she said, cancer and many other diseases would be eliminated m a few generations. Dr. Slye pffdred a three-point program for cancer prevention: 1.,Avoidance of intermarriage between persons who are cancerous, or whose families have shown susceptibility to cancer. 2. Record the medical history of families in a central bureau for diagnostic purposes. 3, Recognize' cancer as a social rather than" an academic problem with a view toward its elimination from the human race. POLICE MYSTERY CHICAGO—The evidence they collected in a gambling raid was just a 'Chinese mystery to Police- Wen Harold Murphy and Francis O'Malley. 'They listed it as fol- Ipws': A handful of black and white beanb, oddly shaped dominoes and slips of paper. Even the writing on tlie paper was in Chinese, they reported. Nine Chinese men were arrested. TEXAS HEROES T O B E HONORED AT SAN ANTONIO SAN ANTONIO, April 19. TAP) — San Antonio prepared today for the opening of the 46th annual Fiesta de San Jacinto, designed to pay tribute to the heroes of Texas' battle for independence. His majesty. King Antonio XIX, will arrive this afternocn to officially begin the festivities which will he interspersed with Eacred ceremonies in commemoration of Texas' victory at San Jacinto 101 years ago. The celebration continues five days. King Antonio, whose identity will net be known until his arrival by train, will be met by 75 Texas cavaliers, dressed in full regalia, who will escort him to the Alamo whcrr a wreath will be placed in memory of Texas heroes who died ih its defense. Later a procession, headed by Governor James V. Allred. King Antonio, and army, state and city officials, will march to the Alamo and shower thousands of flowers on this shrine of Texas liberty. School children and patriotic, fraternal, civic and social organizations will participate in the ceremony. About 1,000 representing 187 organizations of the city and surrounding towns, will take part. Tomorrow will feature a parade by the second division and the Battle of Flowers fete. Wednesday there will be a flower show, trades SPIES IN THE SKIES! display parade and -an high school and Junior cS track and field meet. • *r Thursday, 50 bands from over state will compete in a ment. A battle of flowers luncheon with debaters and the tion of the empress of all t slas, title given the queen pl" ; fiesta this year, will feature day's program. .-' Friday, the Battle of Flowers pa* rade, a highlight of the is'scheduled. PROTECTION NEEDED " MADISON, Wis.—An armed matt walked into William Nicoles' shooting gallery and robbed him of $38. Nicoles had plenty of guns -blit no chance to use any of them. ''. STATE Bing Crosby Madge Evans m "Pennies From Heaven" • HDD fr Juuer Wlttl JOHN BARRYMORE BASIL RATHBOXE |DNA_MAJ OLIVE* ATTENTION PATRONS! . co it from tlie beginning Shows at 1:15—8:58—G:J1—0:24 '" NOW THRU WED. { N the NEO-ANGLE BATM is the symbol of the modern home 'o WOMEN in the world more quickly recognize . . new style, new beaucy and new values than our pwn''American women. Thanks to their discriminating judgment America r has a new, sensational bath—the fSftftttefaPif' Neo-An|ie—and thousands of families are ^njoying a new bathing thrill. You really cannot appreciate all the exclusive features pf this square b,afj| unti| you see it. It has a full-size, roomy bathing f ornpartingnt with convenient seats in two PpF>9S,it& corners that prpvjde every type of bathing. yfjur faster Plumber can fell jou the cost, explain time payments arid recommend '^atfdafd" Plumbing Fixtures that match. He can furnish the skilled workmanship so essential to satisfactory service and health protection. Gall your JVfasper pjumber today and find out how little it will.cost tp have the Neo-Angle in your home. The 15t«in<(m<<r Nee-Angle Path, wjtl)*'j?Sts in opposite corner?, is » rogroy n}!l-S«irbl|b.. "£//<? is too precious to it by entrusting Plumbing to hoftfa \ other than those best qualified tQ \ assure Health Protection •* tkt 'Master Plumpers." ioH »/AMERICAN RApjATOR & STANDARD g^NITAfiY ^ORPORAJIOjj ^^^VH f r'.

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