wflffes ate p^rfefmed not by strength but by pefseverafice", Samuel Johftson Daily Serving Th« Top 0" Texas 54 Years WEATHIfc (Direct from Atttariifii Wcathlf Station) PAMPA AND VICINITY - Cddtef Wednesday. Low tnriiighi 44, High Wednesday 70. NO. 173 CIRCULATION CERTIFIED BY ABC AUDIT THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1M1 (12 PAGES TODAY) WMkrtft.v* Sunday* )S(t Fallout From Big Soviet Bomb Not Expected To Create Hazard In U.S. Radiation Level To Hit Kremlin*Putting Hew High, Experts Say WASHINGTON (UPI) — The first dose of radioactive 'allout from Russia's 30-to-50-megaton monster bomb will 'each North America about Thursday or Friday, a Weather Bureau expert said today. Dr. Robert List, head of the bureau's atmoshperic "adioactivity research project, said, however, that about 95 >er cent of the nuclear debris was blown into the strato- ;phere and much of this would wash down, on the United states in next spring's rains. If the Soviet superbomb un- eashed the force of 50 million :ons of' TNT — 50 megatons—it :ould have produced one-third as mich radioactivity as all previous nuclear explosions put to- |8ther. James Terrill, a U.S. Public health Service expert on fallout hazards, said the .agency did not jxpect a single 50-megaton blast to raise radiation levels to the danger point. But Terrill, head of the health service's Division of Radiological Health, said such a detonation could push radiation levels "substantially higher" in some parts of the United States, possibly to record p?aks. The Russian blast, the biggest explosion ever set off by man, was detonated .Monday over the Soviet Arctic. The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; (AEC) said the bomb possibly was as large as 50 megatons :but probably was on the .order of'30 megatons. . About two hours later, the Russians detonated their first known underwater atomic blast, also in the Arctic, This bomb was much smaller, measured in thousands of tons of TNT. The explosions were the 22nd and 23rd announced by the AEC since Russia resumed nuclear testing Sept. 1. Soviet Premier Nikita Khmsh- jchev lold the Communist party ^congress in Moscow last week ihat Ru?sia would conclude its ^current test series on Oct. 30 or i31 with a 50-megaton explosion. So, if Monday's big blast was 30 megatops, Khrushchev may unleash an even bigger explosion |—and a bigger dose of fallout— within the next week, n . • n • ft Strong Protests Follow In Wake Of Nuclear Blast By United Press International Soviet detonation of history's biggest nuclear explosion Monday touched off angry demonstrations in fallout-threatened Europe. A Japanese newspaper called the blast a "crime against mankind." Youths hurled a Molotov-cocktail incendiary at a Soviet trade office in Rome. Police in Oslo and Copenhagen broke up "marches on the Soviet Embassy" by angry young men. Editorial reaction was swift and savage- Newspapers around the world denounced Soviet tactics of terror and accused the Kremlin of poisoning the .atmosphere with Its Power Above World Criticism MOSCOW (UPI) — Russia appears to be speeding up its current atomic test series to head off an avalanche of adverse world criticism, Western observers said today In this way, they said the Kremlin could accept the inevitable protests from abroad — including a possible condemnation by the United Nations — without having to bear the additional burden of further outcries against future Russian nuclear experiments. Some observers said that the current test series was evidence that the Kremlin considered its own power and security interests paramount over its concern for world opinion. This view was jacked up by the fact that the Soviets exploded their first test atomic bomb since the moratorium on the eve of the summit con- : erence of unatigned nations in Belgrade last month. There was calm in Moscow today because the Russians, unlike Westerners, had not been informed of the explosion of the giant Soviet nuclear device- Furthermore they have been insulated by the Soviet propaganda apparatus against the wave of West- Claim Held Erroneous NEW YORK (UPl)-Maj. Alexander P. De Seversky said today the Defense Department "handed the American people dangerous tranquilizars" when It claimed the United Slates now has the nuclear power to destroy an «g. •gressor. He took particular 'exception to statements made Saturday at Hot U.S.Arms Berlin's Bprder G u a r Exch ange Grena d e ds Fire deadly radioactivity. The U. N. General Assem- Girl Scout Group Chooses Officers Election of officers highlighted the meeting of the 10 - county Quivira Girl Scout Council Monday evening in Lovett Library, Elected were Mrs. Vaden Fowl- jer of Borger, president; Mrs. JMurl Howard of Phillips, first jvice - president; Mrs. J. B. Ma- jguire Jr. of Pampa, second vice- j president; Mrs. Ceril Batton of j Stinnelt, secretary; Paul Keim ol Pampa, treasurer; Mrs. H. V. Wilks and Mrs. James S c h o 11, both of Pampa, board members I at large; Mrs. Lucille Hutchinson j of Borger, board member at ! large, Cecil Gill of Miami, board ; member at large, and Mrs. Eugene Turner of Pampa, district ; II chairman. Named to the nominating com- i mittee were Mrs. Jack P. Foster I of Pampa, Ed Daugherty of Mi! ami, Bob Connell of Borger, Murl | Howard of Phillips, Sam Pakan I of Shamrock, and Richard Back i of McLean. I Another highlight of the session \ was the naming of eight girls ! from the council to attend the I i National Girl Scout roundup to be i held in July, 1962, in Button Bay, *jvt. l\ Selected were, Misses Chris ;-\ Grayson, Sally Paden, Elizabeth j Graham, Natalie Skelly, all of i Pampa; Beverly Heaton of Skelly! town, Sydna Taylor of Fritch, and i Sharon Williamson and Kelly : Caufield, both of Phillips. bly dallied with efforts to lock the stable door despite general belief the horse had been stolen.' The London Daily Herald d scribed the Soviet test as "an act of terrorism which will arouse loathing throughout the earth." Japanese newspapers accused Khrushchev of "megalomania' and assailed the "frivolity" of his announcement that Russia has a 100-megaton bomb which it will not set off ' because it mighl blow in our windows," "It is absolutely intolerable that these hellish blasts should be set off with such frivolous thoughts," said the Tokyo Asahi- "Even if the intenlion is to threaten his opponents, he seems to be completely unconscious of the crime that is being committed against mankind." .. The Premiers of Sweden and Denmark deplored the explosion, and the Norwegian Parliament adopted a strong protest resolution- radioactive Springs, Va., by Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell L. Gilpatric. The Gilpatric .statement, cleared by President Kennedy and Secretary of Stale Dean Rusk, said "lhe total number of our nuclear delivery vehicles, tactical as well as strategic, is in the tens of thousands." "The .statement. . .is misleading," De Seversky said in an interview. "It is obviously made either through ignorance or with the deliberate, though perhaps well-meaning intent of allaying the anxiety of the American people, De Seversky, 77, was born In Russia but has been a naturalized American citizen since 1927. He was an ace pilot in World War I, in which he lost a leg, and is the inventor of a bombsight and several air navigational aids. He is the author of the prophetic "Victory Through Air Power" and the recent "America; Too Young to Die." "So Gilpatric says we have tens of thousands of nuclear weapons," De Seversky said today. "So what? Thai's just throwing the American people tens of thousands 'of dangerous•" tranquilizei;s, The size of our nuclear stockpile' is unimportant. What is impor- Fleeing German Shot; Reds Try New Travel Ban BERLIN (UPI) — Communist guards shot at and captured a man who \vast trying to escape Monday night and may have wounded or killed him, West Berlin police reported today. The East German border guards fired II. times at th« fleeing man near the Wilhelmsruhe elevated station, on l.h« French sector border. SWEET BITE — Goy. Jimmie H. Davis of Louisiana, visiting the annual Sugar Cane Festival and Fair in New Iberia, enjoys a bite of the "tall sweet grass" of Iberia Parish from the dainty hand of Queen Sugar XIX, Lyndal Larson. The incident occurred about 150 feet inside eastern territory and it wns difficult to see the action clearly. But Western police said they snw the victim placed on n truck after the shooting. Eleven Host Germans fled to the west during the night, including a border guard who broke hia leg jumping from the second-floor window of a building into the French sector. West Berlin police, freshly armed with automatic weapons and tear-gas grenades, were ready today to give the Communists some more of their own medicine K they persist in lob- tant is, do we have the effective ]m) Mond afternoon , means to deliver the weapons? The answer is no." ern protests about fallout dangers. The Russian people learned of the plans to conduct a 50-megaton test but they presumably are largely unaware of the exact number of Soviet nuclear tests conducted thus fa,r since testing was resumed Sept. !• Considerable anxiety is expect- 'ed when word of the latest Soviet explosion seeps through into Russia via foreign radio broadcasts and the resulting grapevine channels. But Russian do-1 since it is doubtful whether they WorkeryBegin Homes Project Solicitations x .,. A Wins Approva In Fund Drive Pampa's United Fund drive was in its second day today uf- .,-,•?.'.. x.-.-i: V; -|. v,,>.;- .-.,.-....- : '..- .; . . calls following an inspirational kick - off luncheon in Coronado "The keeps primary weapon Soviet Premier that Nikita George Newberry, campaign chairman, said first reports on the financial aspects of the drive would be made public Friday. Khrushchev in check is the Stra-|This, he said, will be a report tegic Air Command," De Sever- sky said. "Outside SAC and the Polaris submarine, all our other means of nuclear delivery nre inefficient, The London Daily Telegraph accused Khrushchev of using "plain, crude terror" against "the world at large." Paris Jour demanded that Russia "stop this diabolical game that risks the destruction of the planet." The Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter said the big blast may produce "fatalism and an indignation that will make the world immune to further nuclear blackmail." mestic reaction is not expected to reach the level of outcry in the rest of the world. have the capability of pentrating to the target in the face of modern warfare." Juveniles Held Subject To State's Liquor Laws AUSTIN (UPI)— Juveniles are not protected from prosecution in an ordinary court if they buy or drink liquor illegally, Atty. Gen. Will Wilson ruled today. Wilson told Smith County Dist. Atty. Weldon Holcomb of Tyler that the 1955 special act covering purchase of alcoholic beverages by minors supercedes the juvenile court act setting out the ages of juveniles under the law. The court act adopted in 1943 specified that females over 10 and under 18 and males over 10 and under 17 shall not ba charged or convicted of a crime in any court. Such violations under the act must be referred to a juvenile court. But Wilson said in his opinion that under the juvenile court act, individual purchase or possession of liquor by a child does not confer jurisdiction upon the juve nile court, although habitual use or possession by g child does give jurisdiction to the juvenile laws "In this situation, the legislature was confronted with the problem and decided to impose an enforce able sanction upon a child for a one-time use or possession of alco holic beverage," Wilson said"We have concluded that the WASHINGTON (UPI) — A j legislature elected to use a crim Commerce Department official j inal sanction, in addition to all o told senators today that U.S. the present remedies now exist agents have seized $500,000 worthing under the juvenile law*, *nd Censorship Probe To Start Nov. 27 WASHINGTON (UPI) - Senate investigators today set Nov- 27 as the target date for public hearings on military censorship and alleged "muzzling" of officers. Sen. Jchn C. Stennis, D-Miss., is chairman of the special armed services subcommittee handling the inquiry. Goods, Destined For Cuba, Seized Alternates will be Misses Linda i of contraband goods destined for Moore, Linda Abbott, Nancy Holt, (See QUIVIRA, Page 4) If H comes from * hardware »t*ro, w« h*v« U. Lewi* Hdw». Adv. Fidel Castro's Cuba. Jack H. Behrman, deputy assistant commerce secretary- * a 'd the industrial products on the embargo list were confiscated in 17 seizures since Jan, 1, 1961. passed the act as a special excep tion to the general Deposition tha children cannot be convicted of a criminal offense," Wilson de clared. Citing i State Supreme Court ett Lumber Co. against the city f Houston, Wilson said the court .ecided that "when the law makes general provision, apparently or all cases, and a special provision for a particular class, the jeneral must yield to the special nsofar as a particular class is concerned." 'Accordingly, a specific act is jroperly regarded as an excep- ion to the general proposition that (See JUVENILES, Page 4) on the advance gifts campaign. Reports from the some 250 fund workers will be announced at the end of the first week's solicitation next Monday. Monday's luncheon was something different in drive kick-offs, It • featured a musical production written and directed by Coy Palmer. Dr. N. J. Ellis was starred in the leading role and supporting I characters were Mary Wilson : Mary and Martha Strickland, Mike Vemlrell, and Marilyn Mil- I iron. The production brought h o m e the story to the fund workers of lhe businessman who at one time was so driven lo distraction by a flood of individual fund campaigns, that he finally came up with lhe idea of one united campaign to cover all of them in one solicitation. The goal in the Pampa - Lefors United Fund drive this year is ?64,746. Agencies benefitted by the fund are Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, Welfare Index, Salvation Army, Red Cross, Heart Association and Milk Fund. The much-kicked around Bethune Heights building project on I Crawford St. in South Pampa be- I came a reality today when the Pampa City Commission and The Hughes Development Co. reached agreement to go ahead with the proposal. Jay Thompson and Earl Hurt- lor, Hughes Company representatives, told commissioners a n il residents of the aree thut construction probiibly would be started on the first' block of street improvements in about six weeks, First homes in the new addition probably will be ready for occupancy by Spring. A great deal will depend on weather c o n d i- tioos, officials said, The city agreed 10 permit installation of wnter and sewer lines in the street instead of in Ihe alley, a. point over which Ihe present commission and the developer had differed for s o in e lime. Commissioners decided today to go ahead with an agree- Panhandle Child Accident Victim Expert Proposes Halt To Shipments To Reds Stanley Neil Hendricks, 4, son of Mr. and Mrs. Theo Hendricks, Panhandle, and nephew of ,1. L. Jones, 1820 N. Hanks, Pampa, was killed instantly Monday aft- ment entered, into by a previous city commission on Oct. 18, 1960. Today's agreement and subsequent announcement that work will si art soon brings to an end lengthy discussions of the project during the past several years. It Hi so assures Negro residents of Pampa that they will have an opportunity for heller living conditions in new homes with paved | streets, Mrs. Lulu Motley, president of the Parnpa City Improvement Club, was present ut today's commission meeting arid thanked the developers and ihe city commis sioners for reaching tho agreement. The chib long has been trying to get the Belhune Heights building project approved. Commissioner* today again discussed City Traffic Commission recommendations that all hazardous signs be removed from street intersections in Pampa. The commission indicated ihat a long list of violators will be asked again to remove signs, and if no results are obtained in this manner notices will be sent warning that citations for violation of a city ordinance will he filed. Bids were opened for a drive- in pay window to be insl ailed on the south side of City Hnll by the city wuter depart ment. City officials will study the bids from bing lear-gas grenades into the Western sector. Monday night. West Berlin police hurled six tear-gas grenades at the Communists in retaliation for five gas grenades the Red border guards lossed at a West Berlin sound truck that wns send- ng news and music across the Iron Curtain, West Berlin police headquarters i'aid their border patrolmen had just been supplied with tear-gas grenades and sub - machine guns 'or the first time by the western Allies. The tear - gns incident erupted when the Communists flipped the :cnr-gas grenades into the Western zone. Only two of the explosives went off. Police said t h t other three were duds. Western patrolmen immedialely hurled six gas grenades of a non* explosive lype under the Wol- lank bridge where some Communist officers stood. "The teur-g«s fumes hung underneath that bridge and lhe results were excellent," western police hendquiirters reported. West Berlin observers said n new incident may erupt on the border if the East German Communists persist in checking t h e credentials of Allied civilians who try to enter the easlern sector. The Etisl German Interior Ministry said in a statement issued yesterday lhal oil Allied civilians entering its territory must submit to tin identity check. The Communist statement was issued after a formal protest to the Soviet Berlin Commandant over the temporary detention by the East Germans of a stale depart ment official Sunday night Ihat led to U.S. military police crossing into East Berlin with fixed bayonets. Red Threat From Within Declared Great U.S. Peri ernoon when he was struck by a'three firms and make th WASHINGTON (UPI) - A senate group today summoned government officials for questioning about U.S. shipments of industrial goods to Communist bloc nations. Witnesses for the second day of hearings by the Senate internal security subcommittee on Ameri- decision ia th* cast el 5am Bas-! «r« |tr*t*f if. (Related Story On Page 8) can trade policies included experts from the State, Defense and Commerce departments. A trade analyst told the senators Monday that American exporters still were shipping vehicles, scrap metals and olher items to Communist countries. Dr. Joseph A. Gwyer, 9 senior research specialist on leave from tb« Library of Congress, said lbes« «nd other goods may not he on thf U.S. strategic list, but they Gwyer said that "any item of significance should not be shipped to the Soviets." He said any goods the Communists buy abroad permit them to divert manpower and industrial facilities to other production, including the output of mililary hardware. The subject ol sales to Russia car in downtown Panhandle. Funeral services are tentatively scheduled for Wednesday afternoon at 2:30 at the First Christian Church in Panhandle under the direction of the Poston Funeral Home. The youngster was killed «s he ran frorn a drug store owned by his parents into the street and into the path of a car driven by e i r recommendations at the next meeting of the commission. Lowest of the three bids were $2,320 and highest was $2,690, A recommendation was made to the City Traffic Commission thai the no parking restrictions in front of two houses on the west side of Mary Ellen just north ol Sunset Drive be removed. T h e owner of the hous.es had told the LA CANADA, Calif. (UPI)-Th« Communist threal from within th« United States is more frightening than the Soviet's military portent, according to Robert Morris, president of Ihe University of Dallas. Morris spoke Monday night to the La Carvada-Crescenta Public Education Committee in this suburban Los Angeles community. 'While it is true that the Soviet military might can now work great havoc against us," Morris said, "nevertheless if we remain strong and retain the power to make vital decisions and keep in readiness our massive power of retaliation, we can effectively ward off nuclear attack. However, he said, Russia has profited within lhe lasl 15 years by lack of internal security by America and its allies. "Espionage, infiltration of our institutions, policy perversions, needless concession to Soviel aggression and a policy of retreat Milford Leo Burchett, 20, Pan-j commission he could not rent the I on lne narl O f OU( . planners have t I, ' 1 . . 1 . ^ . .. t A _ . ! ' " handle, \ houses because tenants had no : Panhandle chief of police, G. H. I P lttce to P aik lheir cars - led to the Soviet absorption of almost half the world. Nail, witnessed the accident and j Legislation was approved to! "Even more tragic has been our said Burchetl took every caution i provide fur a^es-sing costs on tendency to surrender our sov* possible and stopped to render j properly owneis ("r u piopovul ' vreignty, our responsibility and 'paving project including the 1100-1 on i power to lake decisive action aid to Ihe child. Justice of the peace H. I, Po- , \,\t,ck. of Dwiglu, 700 block of and its Communist satellites also well conducted an inquest and has drawn the attention of a spe- j said "no charges will be filed." cial House committee, headed by Rep, A. Paul Kitchin, D-N.C., which will begin closed hearings Wednesday. j grandmother Carrie Hendricks, Gwyer is » consultant to the; both of panhandle. The boy was House group, which plans tola grandson of the late 0. T. Hen- question Secretary of State Dean i dricks, former Parnpa Po.strnasi Rusk and Commerce Secretary; er. Luther Hodges. Albeit. 500 ami BUO-blocks of W. Haimlion, and I he 1100 and 400- Besides the parents and uncle j blocks of W Cittwford Sis. A public hearing for properly owners on the affected streets will be scheduled two weeks after final passage of the paving ordinance which v,ill be sometime late in November. to the regional agencies that are ytrtpp.ng us ol our authority," he added of the boy, other survivors are a sister, Pamela, 7, and paternal Chinese Premier Leaves Red Meet MOSOW (UPI) — The abrupt departure of Communist Chinese ]he commission today also gave S Premier Ch.ou En-lai left Russian.! In his testimony to the Senate! Avoid lh» rush, get your 1962 further discussion to the traffic} and foreigners wondering today panel, Gwyer said he opposed the j Slate Inspection Stickers now al.pmblem created at the three way j just how deep is the split between sale of surplus jet fighters to Yu-lpampai Safety L*n«, 411 S. Cuy-; intei-section of Hoburt. Cook and i Moscow and Peiping over Al- (S«f EXPERT, 4) Her. Adv.[West Sts. [bania's Stalinist leadership. ti '
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