Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on March 1, 1946 · Page 4
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 4

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Friday, March 1, 1946
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f, ilN, March .1.— WV- fejght TeXas governmental agencies attd Institutions today were advanced funds by the federal works agen- Baifd Snyder, acting for Maj. Qjin. Philip B. Fleming, federal Wfirks administrator, announced. •Texas Technological college at Lnbbock received two advances. One, Of $50,565, will be used for prepara- tiftfi of plans for a SOO^room wom- eti's 'dormitory, estimated to cost $1^62,875. The other, of $19,260, is fol* plahnlpg a 165-foom men's dormitory estimated to cost $597,100. Other grants with estimated costs .. iCermit, Street surfacing, with construction of concrete curb and gut- tefrs, $1&?,664,' federal advance $6,,9&. ^Drainage district No. 4. Jeffer,son county, drainage system con- siitlng of open ditches with possible leVees and pumping system, $270,000 and $7,500. .&irt Neches independent school district, 24-classroom high school, •including gymnasium, cafeteria and auditorium, also ll-classroom junior high school, including auditorium attd gymnasium, $850,000 and $18,000. : ,'Oalveston water control and im- pt*ovement district No, 8, a complete witter system at Alta Loma, including supply, storage facilities and distribution lines, also a complete isetyer system including collecting liftes, lift station and treatment plant, $128,000 and $4,908. ftederland, street paving, curb and gutters, widening of arterial highway and construction, of drainage Structures, $158,500 and $4,100. Port Lavaca independent school district, 12-classroom elementary jschool, $100,000 and $3,379. Scholarships Foreign Loans (Continued from page one) such exjseditures would constitute a step toward enduring world peace. : The additional export - import capital, the council explained, would be used to help needy foreign nr.- itibns until they can obtain help from the international bank estab- li^hed under the Bretton Woods .agreement. The international bank will become "the principal agency to, make foreign loans," the report said. .Representatives of 35 nations will set up the international bank, with capital ,of $7,600,000,000, at a meeting near Savannah, Ga., beginning March 8. iKussia, which has not joined the international bank, has been invited to send a delegation to.Washington to discuss its application for a $1,- CO.0,000,000 loan from the export- import bank, a high-ranking government official said. CZECHS BLAST FRANCO PRAGUE, March !.—({?>— Members of the Czechoslovak parliament rofce to their feet today in a demonstration of sympathy with Spanish republicans and remained standing for 15 minutes while parliament President jJpsef -David assailed the Franco regime. Bead Classified Ads in the News MAGNETO R E PA I R I N G Complete Stock of tPorts Factpry Authorized Sales and \ . - • Service for W1CO Fairbanks-Morse K W Bendix SPLITDOJ-y? Robert Bosch EISEMANN American Bosch All Work Guaranteed Radcliff Bros. Electric Co. Phone 1280 Pampa 617 S. Cuylcr WHAT'S NEW SINCE 1942-- Now It's PLYMOUTH Four Years Better than Before . , , Pursley Motor Co. '•Dodge— Plymouth 211 N. Bollard Phone 113 (Contmuea -from, page 1) Worley, executive secretary of the committee and director of the division of Negro education of the state department of education, show'.that In the, past six years, 1,134 Negro students have applied for aid, 76' were approved for aid, and 624 actually used the scholarships provided. No applications are approved when the education sought is available a Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College for Negroes. More •applications are disapproved for that reason than any other, Worley's statistics show. High in number of rejections also are incomplete applications, poor records and doubtfu residence. Students must show eight years or more of Texas residence. Approved fields of study run from A to Z; art to zoology. Included also are business administration, education, languages, library science mathematics, music, nursing, philosophy, professions (medicine), law ect., science, and vocations (Agriculture, home economics, etc.) Individual scholarships have ranged in amounts from as much as $1,241 for a medical student for eight semesters down to sums less than $50 to cover only one semester. Among colleges and universities approved for advanwced work are Northwestern, Columbia, New York university, Tuskegee, U. C. L. A. university of Chicago, Ohio State, Universitly of Michigan, Colorado State, Cornell, Fordham, Howard, and University of Iowa. For the most part, students arc allowed to attend the college of their own choice. Writer Says- Congrats to Fanny Brice! By BOB THOMAS HOLLYWOOD, March 1.—(XPj— Congrats to Fanny Brice! She is celebrating the 25th birthday of her 8-ycar-olcl baby. I hasten to add that the child is tiie ageless baby Snooks. Twenty-five years ago Fanny wheeled out the pestiferous brat on a Ziegfield stage. It was just another characterization in her large repertoire until Fanny revived it for radio. "Snooks came from 'Schnooks'," Fanny says, "meaning not a brat, but far from a goodie-goodie." But the kid has certainly been a goodie- goodie for the Brice bank account. Alan Moworay has signed for "Forever Amber," but as technical adviser. He's an expert on the Carolinian era .... Keenan Wynn is still nursing a sort chest, kicked in a fight with New York mugs . . . Vic Mature has lost 25 pounds for "My Darling Clementine" . . . Anne Jeffreys gets out of the B's and into the A's opposite Pat O'Brien in "The Big Angle." . . . Angela Lansbury's grandmother is coming here from London . . . Patriotic threesome in the M-Q-M commissary: Red Skelton, Jacqueline White and Ben Blue. Rarely photographed together, Dan Topping, millionaire sportsman, and Kay Sutton Weaver, former screen stnr, are pictured at B New York night club. They met while he was stationed af Honolulu with the Marines. Topping did not contest the divorcf suit iM-nnuht by Sonj.a.HfiQi.ej skating.star.vvhojnaiTied him in 1940 Byrnes' Speech Sure To Receive Nippon Comment Byrnes Speech (Continued from page 1) itself to alleged enemy properties in liberated or ex.-statellite countries before a reprarations settlement has been agreed upoii by the Allies." AVAR ON NERVES 5. "We must .not conduct a war of nerves to achieve strategic'ends. 0. "We do not want to stumble and stagger into situations where no power intends war, but no power will be able to avert war. 7. "We must not regard tho drawing of attention to situations which might endanger the peace as an affront to the nation or nations responsible for. Uiosu .situations." . He listed the program without specifically mentioning niiy individual pO'.ViUV Byrnes outlined the course immediately after saying tliat the United States "openly, gladly nnd wholeheartedly welcomed" Russia as a great power "second to none," and that the two nations could live together ns partners "despite the differences in our way of life." He had earlier declared that the "status quo" of world affairs was not sacred and unchangeable but "we cannot overlook a unilateral gnawing away at the status quo." Regarding America's role, Byrnes declared: "The charter forbids, and we cannot allow aggression to be accomplished by coercion or pressure or by subterfuges such as political infiltrations. "We must majce it clear in advance that we do intend to act to prevent aggression, making it clear at the same time that we will not use force for any other purpose." SANCTIONS PLANNED ROME, March 1— (/Pi—The Ital.i- an cabinet decided today to apply moral sanctions" instead of criminal penalties to persons whp abstain from voting in the' forthcoming general elections. DOCTOR S hone Us. * * they .know their direetjpns ^followed to the letter, tf)at will be filled carefully, tely by our experienced, rmqcists. ^ring^ your 145 far gbsolwte de- By RUSSELL BRINES TOKYO, March 1.— UP)~ -Secre- ary of State Byrnes' strongly worded statement on foreign policy is itirc to receive wide attention by he Japanese. The Russian . situation has be- !ome increasingly important in recent weeks among these people. They are affected directly by every ioviet move .southward. So the most prevalent question •ecently asked foreigners by Jap- inese in all walks was "is America going to back down before the Rus- ians?" Some Japanese probably will take resh hope from Byrnes' remark hat the Allies must not prolong naking peace or continue to impose troons on small impoverished lations. They doubtless will be quick o interpret Japan as one of the alter. The question of the American at- itude toward Russia is one of the asically important yet hidden fac- ors of the occupation. Tho Japanese freely worshipped merican strength from the outset f the occupation. As the American force melted away — homeward bound — and Russia seemed to them to be enforcing demands on the United States, there was a subtle and only partially defined change among the Japanese. Such u trend had potentialities picketing at the GE plant in state of a future stiffening attitude to- I ailc i federal courts "until we win." ward the occupation, or of provid- i JVIUURAVS AiD SOUGHT jna' ploughed mental fields for jin- T)lc ,,j,, Q j- CIO p;.,.^^ .•.{ . BAKU : Condensed itt>m "Thfi M«ta4 < GIVE WITH MUSIC —"You, too, can toot," declares the Gray Lady as she helps a disabled soldier fulfill a lifelong ambition to learn to play a saxophone. Instruction is part of Red Cl'oss recreation. " \ G-E Strike (Contnuiec from page 1) goists who might preach their doctrines .secretly. There was a practical basis for Japanese concern. Many already envision Japan as the futule Balkans of Asia, or potentially an active battleground. Russia seemed to be encroaching upon their islands. The United Slates appeared to be Japan's major hope for protection as their old fear of Russia grew stronger. LOOK WHO'S TALKING! (Fort Waynr News Srr.riiicl) Columnist Frank Kent was one of the first lo see a kind vf insane h u m o r in Die conditions which the United States Government recently set down in connection with a gratuity of S25,- 000,000 which it hHiirlprl'lo Croece. Along with the advance of this gift—or "loan," a.s .such things arc caljed in this day of handsomely embroidered English—is ntladieri a list of "conditions" which Greece must fulfill if she expects to tap Undo Sam's (ill for n second or third helping. The conditions are I hat (.irnsc'o must first ."quickly put its house i.n order." Then, with what Mr. Kent refers lo as "impressive soiemnily," the American 'no In proceeds to tell Greece thai her government inusl, in order to.ac- complish economic recovery, "un- clerlakc vigorous measures to control inflalion, tn slabilize the currency, to reduce 1 Government expenditures, to augment revenues, to increase efficiency and revive industry and trade." It is truly a wonder that .some Greek official didn't say, "You are telling jne?"., Indeed, Uncle Sam is telling Hie Greeks. Uncle Sam, whose very own country has not discovered how to stop inflalion, wlio.se Government expenditures are the most fantastic in the world, v>hose fjjoyernment is not only largely inefficient but is being run by the mo.Ht bewildered set of opportunists and neophytes in its history; whose government is faced with what amounts to a general industrial strike whit 1 . 1 ! has liter- Mly slopped reA'ival of peacetime manufacturing.; •• We arc telling the Greeks, and it is, as Mr. ICbnl said, "a colossal 'piece of effrontery." I Before wo start telling other J people how to,run their countries, '-it would bohoove u.s lo learn how '•lu r.un our. own, :,;-.- -"- ''•» CELEBRATION SET DAMASCUS, March 1.—(/P)—Syria prepared today to observe "Egypt Day" on Monday with a general shutdown of business. Bead the News Classified Ads DR. L J. ZACHRY OPTOMETRIST For Philip Murray was sought, by the council 'to discuss "ways and means to meet thib attack, even to the extent of a general strike in Philadelphia, if necessary.'' A score of persons were injured in, yesterday's ilareup of violence and police arrested 17 on charges of inciting to riot. After police broke up the march on the GE plant, more than 5.0CO stviker.s and sympathizer.-, mnaetl in front of city hall in what union leaders termed "a pro- brutalilv." Ten leaders of the CIO electrical union, whose members art; pnvtici- palint!' in a nationwide strike in support ol demands for a $2 daily wage increase, faced contempt charges for orUcrluj; workers to defy the injunction. Hopes that a settlement of the General Motors .strike were, near oame yosterclny after anonuncc- nient that -Jic negotiators would hold a night mec'tins, which W:IK followed by an im.crvicw by union negotiator;; with O. K Wilson, General Motors president, who was confined to his apartment by illness. Later lie was,removed to a hospital for what was described a.s a "thorough check up." Associates said hu was suffering ironi a ulomach ailment. As tlie negotiations were to get under way today, the UAW-CIO General Motors council, representing locals in. GM plants throughout the country,'were scheduled to open a two-clay meeting 1 . The council, which aiithomeJ the walkout of 175,000 production workers last Nov. 21, would have to act on any settlement formula developed in the management-union sessions. One of the principal issues unsettled is wages, with the union holcl- out for a pay raise of 19 V2 cents an hour, while the corpora- lions ton offer is 18 1/2 cents. Although a threat of a nationwide strike oy some 250.000 telephone worker; on March 1 remained, federal conciliators were successful iu arranging, for. resumption of nego- tifiiions in New York Sunday between ihe American telephone and tcilcgraph company and the federation of Ion;; lines telephone workers. The .eountry's continuing labor disputes kept idle approximately 985,(,OU workers. LEFTOVERS •CHICAGO,' March 1—(/i'i— Police expressed the belief that the bur- gl^rs Who broke into the Goldeh- bui'g furniture company stove were clumsy und also hung'iy, :'i'hey gained entrance, by sawing their way through a second floor Window in the rear. After looting a box in the safe of $1,400, they made a' ground floor exit by sawing their way through a rear door.. :Bul they wen; so busy dcaniiig out ,1 .refrigerator pi ipp^J Ujgy overlooked $'(,009 in an inner coin- in the safe. EVACUATION PLANNED ifAfUS, rlSwto,- jTKifflta ancl EritisH jnilftary teoftnlcj»n,g tferies. of qonsulpaUans to (Copyright 1945 by the Committee 1 for Constitutional Gov^jnm'ent, • Inc.) Reproduced by special permission. The greatest threat to mankind and civilization is the spread of (the totalitarian philsophy. Its best 'ally is not the devotion of its followers but the ccn/asion of its , ; eneniie«. To ffght it, we must un- fdcrstand it. Totalitarianism is collectivism. Collectivism means the subjugation of the individual to a group- whether to a race, class or state 'docs not matter. Collectivism holds 4 hat man must be chained lo collective a c I i o n and collective .thought for tho sake of what is called "the common gwl. * 1 Thrpueiio'if. Jibtory no tyrant evef rose to power except on the 'claim of representing "the common good." Horrors which no mart would dare consider for his own selfish sake are perpetrated with a •clear conscience by "altruists who justify themselves by— Ihe common good. , No tyrant has ever lasted long 1 by force of arms alone. Men have been enslaved primarily by spir- .iluai weapons. Antl the greatest of .these is the colleclivist doctrine 'of the supremacy of the common, ,'Kpocl over the individual. No dic- stalor could rise if men held as a 'sacred faith the conviction that 'they have inalienable rights ot (which they cannot be deprived for any cau.sc whatsoever, by any man ! whatsoever, neither by evildoer 'nor benefactor; that no cause is higher than these rights. • Individualism holds that man 1.4 ,an independent entity with an in- i alienable right to the pursuil of .his own happiness in a society where men deal with one another ,ns equals in voluntary, unregulated (exchange. i Tho American system is founded ;on individualism. If it is to survive, ;we must understand the principles (of individualism and hold them al .our standard in any public ques- (lion, in every issue we face. Wa [must have a positive credo, a cleat") 'consistent faith. Wo must learn lo reject as lolal {evil the conception that "the com? (won good" is superior to individual I rights. General happiness cannot !bc created out of general suffering and selfrimmolation. The onlj> j happy society is one of happy in-" 'dividuals. Ono cannot have a health}) ! forest made up of rotten trees. The power of society must al-< (ways be limited by the basic, in-- i'alienable rights of Hie individual* (Such was Ihe conception of thf* .founders oC our' country, who (Placed individual rights above anjj 'and all collective claims. .'. Tho right of liberty means man's \right to individual action, individual choice, individual. initiative and. individual properly. Without the right to private properly no iude- ipendent action is possible. . The right to the pursuit of hap- 'piness means man's right to live Ifor himself, to choose what consti. jtules his own, private, personal ^happiness and to work for its achievement. Each individual is •the sole and final judge in this ichoico. A man's happiness cannot be prescribed to him by another man 'or by any number of other men. These rights arc the uncondillon- .al, personal, private, individual ipossession of every man, granted- 'to him by the fact of his birth and (requiring no other sanction. From the beginning of history, two antagonists have stood face to face, two opposite types of men: t?ic Active and the Passive. The iAclive Man is the producer, the 'creator, the originator, the individualist. His basic need is inde.- ipondence — in order to think and 'work. He neither needs nor seeks power over other men— nor can ho be made to work under any form of icompulsion. Every type of good \vork— from laying bricks lo writing a symphony — is done by th« Active Man. Degrees of huinai ability vary, but the basic princi' plo remains tho same; the degrei of a man's independence and in! tiative determines his talent as < •worker and his worth as a man Tho Passive Man is found 01 every level of society, in mansions anfi in slu/ms, and his iden.tt Cication mark is his dread o£ inde pendenco. He is a parasite who ex> : peels to bo taken care of by otii' ers, who wishes to be given directives, to obey, lo submit, to bl 'regulated, to be JLpld. Ho.-wfelcomoJ collectivism, which eliminates a»S 'chance tliat ho might have lo Ihinlj or act. on his own initiative. When a society is based on Uid needs of tlxo Passive Man it de* stroys the Active; but when lh^ Active is destroyed, Ihe Passive! cannot bUi'vive. When a society is based on. Ihe needs of '.he Aclive 'Man, he carries Ihe Passive oneg along on his energy and raises) them as he rises, as the whole so- cletx. vises. This has been th.ft.pat-* tern of all human progress. Some humanitarians demand in collectivist state because of their pity for the incompetent or Passive Man. For his sake they wish to harness Ihe Aclive. But the Active Man cannot function in harness. And once he is .destroyed, the destruction of Ihe Passive Man follows automatically. So if PJly is tlie humanitarians' first consideration, then in the name of pity, if nothing else, they should leave the Active Man free lo funclion... in order to help the Passive, There is Tio other way to help him, The At.-live, however, are exterminated in a collectivist society. The history of mankind is the liislory of the struggle between the Active Man and the Passive, between the .individual and the collective. The countries which have produced the happiest men, the highest standards of living and the greatest cultural advances! have been the countries where the power of the collective—of the gp\> eminent, of Ihe slate— was limited Dr. H,H. Hicks Has resumed .the practice of This trombone section of o;i Army band in Europe turns oil-out J< entertain an "adopted" friend. Music is one of the many subject! which th< Regular Army man may barn while serving cs a "Guardian of Vktory.' 1 Qualified civilians may enlist in the Regular Army and rsop the benefit! of ci good job plus adventure, travel, and education. Men must be 17 to 34 year; of age, inclusive. Oral in hi? Jenifer offige and the idividual was given freedom o£ independent action. As examples: The rise of Rome, with its conception of law based on a cil- dzen's rights, over the collect.ivist barbarism oC its time. The rise of England, with its system of KOV- ernment based on Magna Cnrt.a, over collectivisl; barbarism o[ its lime. The rise of the United Stains to a degree of achievement unequaled in history—by grace of the individual freedom and independence which our Constitution gave each citizen against the collective. While men are still pondering upon the causes of the rise antl fnll of civilizations, every page o£ history cries to us that there is but one source of progress: Individual Man in independent action. Collectivism is the ancient principle of savagery. A savage's whole ex- stence is public, ruled by the laws of his tribe. Civilization is the process of setting man free from men. We are now facing a choice: to go forward, or to go back. Collectivism is not Hie "New Order of Tomorrow." It is the order of a very dark yesterday. But there is a New Order of Tomorrow. It belongs to.Individual Man— the only creator of nny tomorrows 'humanity hns ever been granted. For a, thrilling, modern story of "individual iii.'in In Inepondent fiction," road Ayn Rand's Ions-time )>csl-srllcr, "The Fountalnliead"—ono of the 1 scent book* of (lie. 20lh century. It oxe.H.i n, growing influence l>oc;uiso Its hero personifies not only the deepest [tloo- J«Bicnl conflict of our times lint His triumph of that same spirit that built and mndo America great. Ton will never forget tlio gripping picture it unfolds of individual man's Ki'eatneng in. action, ami you will hope some day to se. it vividly portrayed on tlio screen. At nil book stores (Roblis-MerHH, Publisher) or will be sent by Committee, postpaid anywhere, J3.0U. If you agree that the greatest Ibj'A^t fj "» lyi^vtlfJrifl n 11 r\ civilization Is the spread of totalitarian philosophy, help us distribute this leaflet. Study its message; "then pass it on to others. Send for two free copies to send to your Congressman and legislators. Tell -them you will support them if they courageously recist collectivisl, left- wing pressure groups. Buy this leaflet for distribution to follow workers, stockholders, clergymen, editots, leaders of public opinion. 40 for $1; 100 for $2; 200 to 700 at $1.60 per hundred; 1,000 for S15, postpaid anywhere. Ask for "The Only Path to Tomorrow." "Founlainiiend" by, Ayn Rand, $3.00, postpaid anywTiero. Copyright 1045 by the Committee for Constitutional Government. Tnr. Housing Plan (Continued from pago onet housing legislation took yesterday's early adjournment ns a .sign the program's supporters feared they lacked sufficient sux'ngUi to put It over. Just before Uie adjournment, Hop. Monroney iD-Oklru informed the house that Housing Administrator Wilson W. Wyatt had told him in a telephone conversation from Chicn- go that, the National Association of Home Builders, meeting i there, haul endorsed important provisions of 3/esident Truman's housing- pro- grain, including: 1. Payment of $000000,000 in subsidies to bring out larger production of building materials. 2. An increase of $1.000.000.0CO in the government's authority to insure mortgages on new homes. 3. Giving to Wyatt the broad powers by legislation already vested in him by presidential order. Opposition to the administration bill has pivoted on an argument, that it would hamstring the building industry and deter rather than encourage the building' of houses. The ancient .Egyptians aru . said to have performed amputations and various operations on the eye. I' Hoover Confer WASHINGTON, S/tareh 1.- President Truman arranged sonal meeting with Herbert „„.,._-. preliminary to the launching- 6f-| food conservative drive to prevent starvation abroad. , ; x' The former Presdent and 'nfcon. admiistrator during the first Wojw War planned to call at- the White House at 11:45 a m. (EST)) to talk over the desperate food plight Of war-torn Europe and Asia; , . He was to participate later todsjt in a White House conference of 13 persons invited by Mr. Trumaij 6b work out details of a voluhtaf y, .pf&* gram aimed at getting Americans-t0 eat less during the world-Wide fOOa crisis. • ,.- , Another former wartime,fpod ad'* ministrator, Chester C. Dayis, wH6 served during a part of .World Wat II, was invited to the meeting.,,,. ^. "The "eat-less" campaign will bfe carried on through the press, radio, speaking platform and In ClVlb groups. . . ,"•(''•• Mr. Hoover said on, his .a^r^l here last night the main ,p.rob)ein is to feed starving Europeans until June. ... .... .,.. In the meantime Secretary.,Of;Ag-; riculturc Anderson, taking anpthe? approach to the problem,, sought ways in speed movement of wheat from miclwcstcrn elevators and farms to seaports for export, • ..,-• U•< Wallpaper Unit'ized and Imperial 314 N. Foster Phone 414 Good tires are more important in winter than any other season of the year. Don't take chances driving on "smoothies." Let us give you a modern recapping' job now. CENT RA,L TIRE WORkS 323 \V. Foster Phone 2410 Information For Better and More Conve.nient Travel, Go By Bus". . ,. t Check Our Schedules to All Points for Prompt, Quick, Service! P A M P A BUS TERMINAL FOR FARM EaUiPMENT HELP HELLO! You bet we can take care of you. Anything,you need in farm equipment help is right down our alley. Sure . we have parts—a big stock pf genuine IHC pqrts. And if we're out of the one ypu need we'll get it as soon as possible. What day .do you want yotjr work done? p.K., Chat's a deal..We'it get it oyt on time fp'r you. When ypu can let us know ahead we'll always the job to suit you. Farmalls are'not arriv.mg present time and al| equipment is, If we can be qf any help, pn J-r^ ^ or- any other McCprmick»Pg%ffig,' ; equipment, we'll .do oi-ir, bf§r v "'-*»' equipment and motor trucki.^,, specialties. Let us take corf'of riet-dii now! '; s»pw ul^iu

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