Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on October 23, 1961 · Page 8
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 8

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Monday, October 23, 1961
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ill t> ii n i>mt>i i<ju«f J M5NBAY* 6df OBfifc U, IMt VBAB (The Jtatttpa Baity Ncttrs AN MtEEOOM NEWSPAPER • W« believe that all men are equally endowed by their Creator, and not by any government, with ih« gift of freedom, and that it ii every .man's duty to God to preserve his own liberty and respect the liberty of others. Freedom is Self-control, fit* more, no less. To discharge this responsibility, free men, t<* the besi of their ability, must understand and apply to daily living the great moral guides expressed in the Ten Commandmants, tha Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing information to our readers Jo that they can better promote and preserve their own freedom and encourage others to see its blessings. For only when man understands Freedom and is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabilites in harmony with the above moral principles. •USSCniPTION RAT •• By Carrier In Pampa, Soc per week, $t.SO per 3 montns, »9.00 per t months, m.OO per year, By mull paid in advance at otflce. $10.00 per year In retail trading zone. $15.00 per year out.ildn retail trading 7,011 e. J1.2B per month. Price per sins'!* copy 5o dally, IBo Sunday. No mall orders accepted In localities served by carrier. Published dally except Saturday by th» Pawpa Dally News, Atchlson at Somervllle, Pampa, Texas, Phone MO 4-2525 all departments. Entered us second etas* matter under the act of March 8. 1S78. Downhill In Laos • Laos, thrusting part way back *V into, the spotlight that for months has: so steadily shone on Berlin, seems no more promising for the West than when it first slipped onto the back pages, .Major negotiators discussing a settlement at. Geneva meet again and again in what appear to most observers the typical when participating. fruitless sessions Communists are Road been generally effective and can be maintained, the Communis build-up notwithstanding. Those high administration sources accept the unhappy pros pect that , at best a negotiated Laotian settlement would produce a wobbly "neutralist" government. King Savang 'Vathana has agreed to receive "neutralist" Prince Souvanna Phouma, choice Oh the military side, am pi e!° f the three rival princes of Laos, evidence exists that the Reds have used the rainy season "cease fire" to build up their forces enough to support a new offensive against shrunken government territory. This fits the classic Communist pattern, seen before in China and Korea, of exploiting "truces" for new military build-ups. For a long time the Reds have used their soil for transit of guerrillas and supplies to South Viet Nam. Now they are reported using government areas for this purpose, which helps to explain the rising threat to that country. Despite (his spate of poor news, some high White H o u s e sources declare it premature to write Laos off. This counter-judgment is based on: —The contention the Geneva talks are making small but distinct progress and promise still more. to lead a coalition government. Souvanna's reliability is unproven and he is sometimns labeled a disguised Communist. Still it is argued by Kennedy administration sources that anything is a gain which somehow keeps Laos free of the Reds' tight final grip. These points fail to register in many quarters. The conviction is strong that, a shakily neutral Laos would be doomed to downhill slide to Red control, that attempts to establish an independent army would falter, and that it would be virtually impossible to enforce a ban on transit of Viet Nam-bound guerrillas through Laos. The concensus of appraisers is that the realistic what looks like rose to some is more likely to turn out to be Red. What happened to last November's Young Man of Action who was going to stop the Reds and Belief that the cease fire has'"restore American prestige?" Anti-Competition A proposed federal law would prohibit "below-cost sales." It is vigorously opposed by the National Association of Food Chains, on sweeping grounds — that it is unnecessary, vague, anti - competitive, in violation of the intent of existing anti-trust legislation, and in opposition to the public interest. The association has developed a strong case. To begin with, pricing policies which are "destructive of free competitive enterprise" already are illegal under the long - established Robinson Patman Act, and additional legislation of this nature is not needed. On practical grounds, the definition of "unreasonably low cost" in the proposed bill is so vague as to make compliance almost impossible in view of the fact that overhead costs vary substantially among the 6,000 items handled by a typical large supermarket. Moreover, overhead may vary substantially from one market to another. As the association points out, pricing in the retail food industry today is a tremendously complex operation. The industry traditionally ope- ites on a philosophy of large vo'utne, rapid turn - over, and low margins. But retailing is not an ?xnct science—so if a retailer in establishing a price for an item underestimates either volume ir turn-over he may find himself winding up with a loss instead of a profit. In all probability, if the proposed law were passed there would be increases in prices, and a lessening of competition — at, of course, the expense of the consumer. And what is true of foods is true of all the other major lines of retail trade. Hankerings Store's Electrical Brain Solves Yule Gift Problem By HENRY McLEMORE Pegler Says: People Years Tardy In National Concept Bv WEST BROOK PEGLER People are not as smart as we should be so we are years' tardy in realizing that our country is, after all, the parent and patron of a potential empire. We are trying to establish an empire in opposition to the Soviet Empire. The Monroe Doctrine is obsolete by that name, but it expresses the spirit that animates our "foreign policy" and causes our anxieties. The Monroe Doctrine was a limited proposition. It never was a great document, but the "real powers of Europe bowed to the Doctrine and we reigned in Latin America. Anti-American Latinos have been calling us ', h c By United Press International Today is Monday, October 23, the 296th day of the year with 69 to follow in 1961. The moon is full. .The morning star is Venus.$ The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1910, residents of Fort Wayne, Ind., watched as Blanche Scott became the first woman to make a public airplane flight by herself. She rose to a height of 12 feet. In 1942, the British Eighth Army launched a huge offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein, Egypt, the beginning of the campaign that was to sweep German and Italian forces out of North Africa in World War II. In 1955, voters in the Spar rejected a proposed statute to "Europeanize" the tiny country and draw it more closely to France. The referendum indicated that a large majority of Saarlanders wanted to reunify with Germany. A thought for today: English jounalist Henry Noel Brailsford said: "The musician who tries to rival the painter by describing external things is a magician who has thrown aside his wand , . ." Colossus of the North for decades. That is what we ere, too, It would be better -for us if we had been a nice colossus, but we did not colonize clown there, being unwilling to learn their languages and put up with ways different from ours. Real colonizers get friendly with their colonials, marry them and establish the blood bond. The Russians were thinking way ahead of us during Roosevelt's juvenile efforts to infatuate Stalin with the sunshine of his smile. When Henry Morgenchau seriously proposed his Morgen- thau Plan, which Roosevelt briefly approved, we heard no howl from Moscow. But Stalin would not listen to any plan to send American and British armies up through the Balkans to establish an iron curtain of our own to "contain" Russia in her normal zones of power, Stalin had his own Monroe Doctrine 10 embrace the Baltic, the Balkans and the Near East in the Soviet Empire. .He watf smart. He lowered his Christmas comes but once VCBJT, and in the past that ample. But now, thanks to the wonder of electronics, it could come twice Slze a year, or even once a month, and be welcome. The only bothersome part of j Christmas machine and it sounds was' like simplicity itself. One tells it — or feeds it on a slip of paper — the name, age, sex, glove height, weight and dispo )f the person to get the i he Doctor Says: By DR. HAROLD f. MVMAN Perhaps you remember the bid Joke about the uneducated tne*. chant and the son he sent to college. Returning to 'help his father in the store, the bachelor of arts discovered that the older man per- slstently, short-changed customers. Waiting a favorable moment when the shop was empty, he patiently 'explained to his father that the change for $20 was four 5 * dollar bills, not the three that he'd seen his father hand Out Just the day before. To which the merchant replied, "You And your education! How do you think I managed to send you through college?" I think 1 know how the younger man felt. Because that's how 1 feel when I see many of the commercials on TV. Now I have the certain knowledge that the skin can only be nourished by substances transported through the circulating blood. But last night I saw a very prosperous "cosmetician" demonstrate a cream that supposedly restored youth to the skin by a mere rub-in. I have the certain knowledge that skin wrinkles are due to loss of elasticity in fibers that \'<* well beneath the superficial layers of the skin. I also know that these fibers cannot be reached by substances smeared on the skin and .that, even If this were possible, they could not possibly be restored to their former resiliency by any substance known to medical science. But the lady demonstrator gave you to understand that the goo she was selling could reach these fibers. And did restore their elasticity. I have certain knowledge that you can't dissolve fat by general massage, "spot" massage, the pressure of a belt or chin strap, or a sizzling session in a steam room or cabinet. ' But the spokesman for a highly successful chain' of gymnasiums and beauty parlors gave his viewers to understand that what 1 thought "couldn't be 4onc" his sponsor could do. And did do! Despite my appaling ignorance nf the world of business, I am confident that this advertising must yield enormous revenues, if only to pay the costs of sponsoring nationally televised shows. I am equally confident that the revenue yielded by my certain knowledge isn't enough to pay for a spot announcement on the least expensive local station in all America. $&^ Should We Strengthen The U.N.? INSTALLMENT 2 Iron Curtain on the outer limits. not the inner, of the countries Churchill wanted to seize by invading "the soft underbelly." Who wrote this damned Mor- genthau Plan? Was it. the greac Soviet spy, Harry Dexter White who was the unofficial boss of Morgenthau's Treasury in those clays? Morgenthau had no right to meddle in foreign affairs and Secretary Hull said so repeatedly in His writings. He detested Henry and smelted a rat, but Congress has never made Henry take the oath and tell the untold .truth. There is no pat name for the type of Government which our Empire is trying to impose on our colonies. But it certainly ijs not a republican government nor democracy. The republican sys- em died long ago. It left no mist on the mirror after the income ax passed, reducing all of us to slavery under Congress. But "democracy" is a fake, oo. With Hitlerian unions participating in the government of the aeople and regulating our wages and labor, by connivance of the national government, no certified diot could be excused a belief A' s °. the hobbies of the person. wa y. recipe for pecan pie that is the best in the world. What to give her always presents a problem. Last year 1 gave her a doorstop I made out of brick and a thick scrap of carpet, but I don't think she really needed it, or cared much about it. Here is the information 1 am e machine on if you want to use it as a guide for your own questions, you are welcome. Name: Aunt Deda McL.emore Age: 69 Shape: Aunt - like. Plump. Hobbies: Making everyone hap py in her home, and feeding them to death with superb cook ing. Weight: Comfortable if not fashionable. Gift last year: Carpet-covered doorstop (home made), Reaction to gift: A nice thank- you note saying she didn't know how much she loved doorstops until she got mine. Children: Whole flock of them. Grandchildren: Two flocks of them. than, say, the proper insurance! questionnaire ready- I want to Great-grandchildren: Hoping, rate to charge motorcycle riders, know what to give Aunt Ded», I just hope the machine doesn't or the trajectory of a rocket shot who lives in Staiesboro, Ga. | let me down. What if it should to thft moon? i Aunt Deda is a woman who has I think and think and then answer t 4cscnptioa of. th»-almost everything, mcludmf a]— brick doorstop? Christmas - the decidmg of what what he or she got from you last gifts to give friends, relatives, j > 'ear, telephone number, street and loved ones — is a tiling of , address, whether the person is a the past. Or u is m Texas, any- ! light or heavy sleeper, suffers i from coffee nerves or not, and There, a large and famed store j preference in reading matter. has installed an electric braiii| The machine no sooner than which will tell you, almost as fast I gets this information than it as you can whisper in its metal- 1 whirrs its brain, cocks its head lie ear, the suitable present for i for a second to help its thinking, Tom, Dick, Harry. Uncle Jim. or : and then hands out a slip of pa- the milkman This is an absolute blessing, ; ed on it. | per with the perfect present print- that we are a democratic power. Then what brand of government do we offer our colonies or subsidiaries in Latin America, Europe and the Orient to tempt them into our Empire? Actually, it has no name. There never has been such a jumbled monstrosity. Yet it isn't anarchy, We still obey traffic lights. But giving it a name will solve nothing. It is more important to keep trying from day to day to give.it some definite design and to realize that we ; are one of the two great hostile empires which are dividing this world. Both profess to offer freedom, but in sneering at Moscow, remember that Americans are being drafted in peacetime and the Internal Revenue can send us to prison for holding back $100 earmarked for the Government of Laos. Lands under lease" for oil and gas exploration and development in the 32 producing states totaled about 383 million acres or 598,438 square miles in 1958. All in Day's Work Answer to PrcvioW Pu*i»«_ ACROSS 3 Spanish Jug t Chefs work 4 Zoo. workers SAgreenskeeper 6 He works does this transferring 8 Laundry's work furniture 12 Heraldic band 6 Mouthward 7 Moist 8 Food server 9 lUliin city 10 Obserred 11 Deer 19 Light touch 20 Health, resort* 22 Mimic* 23 Asterisk 24 Detest " 1 13 Miner's work li Where » *»ilor works 15 Wan 10 Cistern 17 Roman road 18 Struck 20 Be chary 21 Head part 22 Mimic 25 Haberdasher'* work r:""-" -'-"- •'-•* id BHG3IH and to my mind far and away Unless my home town store the most helpful application of j put5 j n suc h a machine, 1 am go- electronics ever made. What man | j n g to Texas a couple of weeks wouldn't rather know what would j before Christmas and use the ma- please his wife for Christmas .chine. 1 already have my first SOAUcemaker does this 31 Union member* 32- — Gershwin 33 Consumed 34 Rods 35 First m*n 38 Regret 38 Newspapermen work lor it 59 College che«i: s 40 BaseUU players we it 41 Container 25 Ledger entry 2« Certain 27 Be borno 28 Ages 28Barrt«n 01 EUn 42 Garment '34 Spoiled child 43 Employs 85 Skilled worker 44 Masculine 37 Mountain 45 Rail nymphs 46 Journey 38 Cushion 47 Greek letter* 40 Drilled « Taxi milliner 48 Mils Boahiur 48 Garage* »«ck on it SOKiad 51 Sleeping 62Bwvr WOoerasoio SSCpuA ^ # Short r«*U DOWN WOULD GOVJERNMENt When the United Nation* Charter came before the Senate of thft United States for ratification as « treaty, there could be no doubt that it was so worded as to make the Security Council the seat of powef and authority for "police action" expected of the new Organization. (UN Charter, Art. 39, 41-43, 46) -'• The Assembly was to be the place for debate and resolutions— a world forum and perhaps ,* world parliament. The many committees and commissions undef it, and the Specialized Agencies, were to plan and supervise programs for making people, everywhere, healthier and 'wealthier on the common (though doubtful) supposition that this would make them more peaceable; (Ibid, Art. 55) But the Security Council was to wield the big stick against aggressors and disturbers of the peace. It was to organize boycotts and enforce blockades; .. and, with the advice and aid of the Military Staff Committee, it was to direct the use of the armed forces provided by the Member States. If the Permanent Members of the Security Council, therefore, agreed on how to use the authority given them by the Charter they were to have all that might b« needed to make the UN an unlimited world government. Because of this, the Senate of the United States noted with approval that the Charter made the United States one of the 5 Perm. anent Members of the Council, and tnat its delegate to that body (alonfe with the delegates of Britain, Prance, Russia and China) was to 'have an absolute veto over any and nil Security Council decisions having to do with boycotts, bloctades and use of armed force. WHY THE VETO? On this point let there be no doubt. The United States Senate would never have ratified the Charter had it not given tlw United States the right or privilege of the veto in the Security Council, and the people of this country would have stormed into Washington by the trainload in protest had the Senators not stood firmly in that position. The veto power has since fallen into disrepute because it has been used mainly by Russia to block United States proposals. But few Americans in IMS were ready to surrender to any body of foreign officials authority to say :when, where or against whom their young men must fight, and 1 doubt that > they are more ready for, this surrender now than they were then, Obviously, however, the United States could not expect to enjoy a monopoly of this privilege. At the very least it had to concede the right of veto equally, to its other chief Allies, so that these, with the United Stales, made themselves the Permanent Members of the Security Council, each with full veto power, We may wonder now how any American could have expected the UN to function as a world government, except on Soviet Russia's terms, as long as its delegate could veto any and every use o! the Security Council's police powers. But the fact is that the American founders of that Organization did trust the good will and good faith of the Communists to a degree that today seems incredible. By the spring of 1950, however, Administration leaders in Washington realized that the Communist conspiracy was still some- tiling of a threat to freedom and peace. They decided they must try to "contain" it. But what could they do about the United Nations? The Charter provided no way to expel a Permanent Member even if Washington were ready to propose it; and for some time to come, it appeared, Russia would block action. The way to • -v-ld government through the UN ! evidently turned out to be a . .'ad-end street, and its American devotees began to think of NATO and other organizations as perhaps offering better instruments for their purposes. It was the Communist invasion of South Korea in June, 1950, that gave advocates of world government their chance to take both the UN and the United States another long step toward their goal. It gave them an immediate opportunity to set a precedent for pgting the UN Charter above the United States Constitution in regard to a declaration of war, and a few months later they found a way to bypass the Security Council veto, These revolutionary steps tell us much about the nature and perils of the drive to make the UN operate as a world government. We should look »t them more closely. BEHOVING LIMITATIONS ON GOVERNMENT The Truman Administration labeled U» wtr in KofM « "po&x By DR. V, ORVAL WATf S action," which it professed to undertake at the bidding of the UN and with no authority conferred upon the President by the UN. This pretense was to avoid gel- ting the consent of Congress for declaration Of war as the United Stales Constitution provided. It was also easier to rally American support for the war in a faraway land by representing it as a fulfillment of our treaty obligations to an Organization supposed to be "mankind's b e s t hope for peace." This action by the President Implies that the UN Charter has taken the place of the Constitution as "the supreme law of the land" for the United States. If joining the UN did this - and maiiy jurists and a number of cotirt decisions say it did — the Senators 'who voted to ratify the UN Charter in 1945 unknowingly violated their oath of office and subverted the Constitution. At any rate, President Truman spoke and acted "as if it were true, not only in sending/United States mill- .tary forces into war without the consent of Congress, but later in seizing the steel mills. This and many similar instances of wartime erosion of the Constitution in 1861-65, in World War I and H, and in the Korean War show how war fosters the practices of unlimited government, or "democratic Caesarism." These costs of American interventionism and UN membership cannot be measured in money terms, but they are real and very high. Despite the pretense that the Korean War was a UN action, none of the members other than the United States cared enough about it to send more than token contributions. The people of the United States and of South Korea bore nearly the whole burden of the anti-Communist effort. The Washington Administration kept publicizing the trifling bits of aid from other UN governments to rally support for the war effort at home. For the same reason it spent millions to glorify the UN in the minds of United States voters. Meanwhile, Washington's delegates in the UN were striving to increase their influence there at the expense of the Soviet Union. This struggle for power goes on ceaselessly in all political organizations. Laws and constitutions may regulate it, but they cannot stop it. The United States Constitution is outstanding for its many devices to prevent officials from combining their efforts to win power at the expense of the people and to keep them spending a large part of their time and energy struggling against one another. The Security Council's veto was the one such restraining device in the UN Charter. But during the Korean War United States officials found a way to get around it altogether in respect to use of the UN's police powers. The effect was to transform the United Nations into a possible agcsicy for unlimited government, and to transfer the seat of power from the Security Council to the Assembly. UN endorsement of United States intervention in Korea had come about at the outset only because the Soviet delegates had walked out of the UN a few months earlier in protest against the refusal of t ! ie other Member States to admit the Red regime in China to membership. In their absence the other Security Council delegates declared the Communist invasion of South Korea a breach of the peace, and called upon the UN States for military aid to help South Korea repel the invaders. They then set up a "Unified Command" under United States control to direct the military action, thus bypassing the Military Staff Committee named by the Charter as the agency to direct troops acting under United Nations' orders. When the Soviet delegates returned to the UN, as they did soon afterward, they denounced this Security Council action as illegal. Their government had not resigned from the UN, and according to the Charter the vote of the Soviet delegate in the Council was still necessary for any "police action." Absence of that delegate merely had the effect of a continuous veto. To legalize the Council's action, therefore, and to remove the oDstacie of the veto for the future, and UN Assembly in November, 1950, passed pie "Unit- Ing for Peace Resolution." This Resolution stated that, if the Security Council fails to act in regard to a reported breach of the peace, the Assembly could, by a two-thirds vote, take the necessary action (i.e., exercise the powers given ihe Security Council by the Charter). To take charge of the 'roops in such a case the Assembly set up a Collective Measures Committee corresponding in powers and duties to the Military Staff Committee in the Security Council (on wbicii the Soviet Chief of Staff has * permanent place). Finally, to give the UN Assembly the power as well as the authority of a world government, the United States delegation Urged that the UM States provide troops to be kept ready for the orders of the Assembly and the Collective Committee. Admittedly these Assembly Ae< tlons amounted 10 a radical amendment of the UN Charter by wholly illegal methods. They Implied that the UN Assembly could remake the Charter — the J Constitution of the Organization — at will. They represented, therefore, a claim to absolute and unlimited authority, a declaration that the Assembly dan determine for itself wfiat authority it shall possess and what power it shall exercise. •Since the Charter is a treaty with the Member Stales, these , Assembly actions also constituted a breach of treaty .obligations. They should have caused tha United States Senate to an- ' nounce at once that the treaty had been flagrantly violated, that the United States was therefore abrogating it, and that it was withdrawing from membership in the Organization. But Administration leaders in' Washington had themselves instigated the Assembly's lawless grab for power. To them it looked like the only way. to bypass Russia's vetoes and make tha .United Nations a police power willing and able to enforce the peace. Who would let a petty concern for the letter of the law or regard for treaty obligations stand in the way of such a great forward step! True, in the Assembly, tba United States lacked the protection of the veto, but up to that time we seemed not to need it. Only a few Communist Members were likely to advance proposals that might seriously threaten our security or interests, and we could count on our many friendi and supporters in tha Assembly to vote with us in rejecting them. It was unthinkable that the rich and powerful United States Government should ever lose its position of leadership in such a body or be endangered by an adverse majority. But is it so unthinkable Uv (To Be Continued) Should We Strengthen the U.N.? Price List Single copies ?5c e ach Orders of 10 or more ... 60c each Orders of 100 or more .. 50c each ,The Freedom School Box 165, Colorado Springs, Colorado 9 A.M. : Is th« Dally Deadline for Classified Ads. Saturday (or Sun.J day edition 12 noon. This is also th deadline (or ad Cancellation. MalnH About People Ads will be taken ujl to 11 a.m. daily and 2 p.m. Saturday for Sunday's edition. CLASSIFIED RATES 3 line minimum 1 Day • 36c ter line 2 Days - Sic per line per day 3 Days - 2Cc per line per day 24c per line per day 22c per line per day 20c per line per day ISc per line per day 17c per line per day Legal Notices - 17c line first day| lOc thereafter. JJ We will b» responsible for only onj Insertion. Should error appear If advertisement, please notify at o Days 5 Days B Days 7 Days S Days 2A Monuments MONUMENTS, marners. J35. and ut Fort Granite & Marble Co. 129 ' Faulkner. MO 5-5B22. Special Notices Liu Wills is now a representative ., .Fashion Krooks Incorporated. Wl do sewlns and alterations in home lUilf) Terry. JIO r,-46fiG. FOK llawleiffli products See H. „ Wilkie 1338'..?, W. Wllka MO 4-430.'] PAMPA LOnai'I DISC, 420 Klngsmill Thurs. Oct. 2fl 7.30 p.m. Staled husi meeting. Krl., Oct. 27. 7,31 p.m. .Study ft practice! Visitors welcome, members urged attend Clyde C. Organ, W.M.. O. Jlandley. Sec 13 Business Opportunities 1. A BUSINESS OF YOUR OWN (R« lnd<p»nd«nl in « Gulfj •ervice station of your ownJ {Healthy, interesting world j —outdoors. First-rate in- j come. Excellent future. Choice location available. 'No service station experience necessary—Gulf will train you and pay you while training. Financial assistance to qualified man. Exceptional opportunity to b» your own boss! For complete detail*,' writ* or phone: Pbo. 4-2611 — Pho 1-6654 LITTLE L.IX It's border to keep your chi'rt Up after you have, acquired morej thqn ens tf them,

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