Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on March 1, 1946 · Page 1
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 1

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Friday, March 1, 1946
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MBtfS ITEM SAYS AN OHIO MAM WAS ARRESTED AFTER BURGLARIZING 24 DIFFERENT HOMES IN ONE WEEK. WORKING TOO HARD IS SURE TO GET YOU. --am Threatens General Strike Call of 150,000 Philadelphia Workers » GE Sirikers Discard Plans For Parade • *ly *he Astoeifited Press ,/SWklhg ClO workefs at Philadelphia's General Electric plant abandoned plans far another Pne§§ demonstration to- *t day after city officials barred pQtjading Avithour a permit and >§6Yrie 600 policemen were £, alerted to back up the edict, r ~ About 200 strikers and sympathizers gathered in the early morning hours just across the city line in Delaware county, a few blocks from where police clashed with 3,000 pickets and sympathizers in a free-for-all fight yesterday. I'ERMlT REQWRED James H. Malone, director of pub- life safety, announced over a loud Speaker from a police patrol car that the city would allow no parading t, Without a permit and that the strikers had noV roade such an application. *^ * Neatly 100 policemen were massed, at. the eoluity line, 400 at the; f strikebound plant a few blocks nway and another 100 in the area. The strikers then requested per- misfii6n to enter Philadelphia and they were allowed to come back in small groups. 101-DAY OLD WALKOUT iThe CIO, meantime, threatened to call a general strike of'150,000 , , workers in Philadelphia in support - of the O-B workers. * In 'Detroit, negotiators in the long General -Motors strike planned to resume .discussions amid unconfirmed reports that an agreement ending the dispute would be rcacli- <*. e'd soon, terminating the 101-day olo! walkout. - The threat of a general strike call t6 all CIO workers in the Philadel- rt) phia area came from the ClO-in- dustrial union council which claims 160,000 members. The council also voted-'at a meeting of 75 CIO locals to'fight. the injunction baning mass See STRIKE, Page 4 Slate-Financed Scholarships Give NegroesEducation PRECIOUS PUP Six-day old puts white cocker spaniel pup will be worth $1,000 to Its owner, Irvlrtg S. Wagner of Topeka, Kans., if it retains Us white coloring:. U. S. Invites Soviets To Discuss Loan Jigged' &uWs$bs % 'haye •/assisted 634« qualified Texas Negro graduate students to attend out-qf'-'state-'col- leges-.and universities since 1939 for advanced education not available at state-supported Negro schools. financed through legislative ap- probr^tlons of $25,000 annually, the scholarship aid is administered by a.committee of the deans of the graduate schools of the University of 'T^xas and Texas A, and M. college and the, dean of Sam Hpus- to'n state Teachers college. The present Texas system of providing' advanced Negro education lias come under study of state and pfojversity of Texas ofifcials after Heinan Marion Sweati, Houston IJfegro, applied to the university for .«...< . , R ^ jaw school. The , acting Presdent T. S. Painter has' asked Attorney General Orover Sellers for an opinion in the matter, and Oov, Coke Stevenson' said yesterday if there is a de- .ma,nd t for advanced Negro education it should be provided, Statistics compiled by Gordon , W SUIOLARSHIPS, Page 4 WASHINGTON, March The United States has invited the Soviets to come here and talk over a $1,000,000,000 loan. This was disclosed today by a high ranking government official as President Truman told congress he soon would recommend adding $1,250,000,000 to the lending powers of the export-import bank to take care of loans to countries other than Britain. Mr. Truman's message said treasury funds will be loaned only to Britain — providing congress approves a projected 83,750,000,000 credit Oilier borrowers will have to go to the export-import bank. The proposed British credit was described as a 'unique case" which would "not set a precedent" for loans of treasury funds to other gountries. Expansion of the export-import bank's lending authority by $1,250,000,000 would give the government- backed institution a total of $3,250,000,000, to handle applications through June 30, 1948. The declaration of administration policy on foreign lending came on the eve of arrival of representatives from .France — which was voiced a need of $2,500,000,000 — and revelation that Russian had applied for $1,000,000,000. The foreign loan policy was outlined in a letter and a report on international monetary and financial problems which Mr. Truman said bore his "full endorsement." The report was prepared by the national advisory committee, which includes the secretaries, of state, the CONDUCT COURSE CHARTED . 'The.committee's.proposarf6r;more lending capital 'for the export-import bank came oh top of President Truman's budget estimate .that net expenditures for the bank, Britirh credit and the Bretton Woods monetary agreements amount to $5,368,000,000 in the fiscal years of 1946 and 1947. The President's letter suggested See FOREIGN LOANS, Page 4 Hospital Plans Discussed , March 1.—W. B. Weath. ^•postmaster and pyesldpt °* tljeTRampa chamber of.. ppmme.rce, explained ttie.'proppsed county hos- -***•*"-«'•- estimated qost, and tax a' group of tefors peo- t l)lgftt' Seyeral other s-Accompanied him, Pgram preceded the hi/school students [find sing numbers, by Loyce ®J» part In the numr Jajnes, Ja,ckie Pat* ' BiJUe yppalist, was and the Pampa, ,e quar» ^TOPQSed <jtf' Chick .Hick. " "TedgewovthV Pu.de Bal» Bungy Sohultg. towy Sfifo Experience in China Described John Osborne, local attorney recently returned from service with the armed forces in India and, mostly, in China, gave an interesting talk- before the Lions club at the regular lunchepn yesterday at the Methodist church basement. Osborne, who served as a major in the service, discussed Chinese soldiering, transportation, and agriculture. : One of. the most striking fapts he brought out was that the country fe densely populated. Kunming, for Instance, which served as the gen- "eral headquarters of the 14th air force, to which he was attached, covers no more territory than Pampa. Yet it has a population, of about The city does not even have an adequate sanitary water supply.. .' In . going to China, Osborne and his buddies touched New Zealand, Australia;, and- India. He used a large map to demonstrate his discussion, Minn., March 1 — Two tame ducks on a nearby farm were out of forced hibernation tn a sngwbanfc where they had been -trapped by a bllazard two weeks ago. Elwyn Frjedrlch, a 4*H club girl, ducks in after she heard faint -quaokj from a snowbank, she dug through more than a fopt of sonw to/recue them. Hard Measures Seen Against Soviet Policy By JOHN HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON, March 1 — (AP)—An American showdow with Moscow over the re army's deployment in stra tegic areas of Europe and Asi was foreshadowed today b the stern new foreign polic enunciated by Secretary o State Byrnes. Direct and vigorous meas ures likewise were indicatec against the Soviet policv o stripping property from liber ated countries of former enem satellites, TOUGHER POLICY The Byrnes pronouncement i New York last night was general! interpreted here as heralding tougher administration policy to ward Russia all along the line particularly with regard to sovie expansionist tendencies and th Kremlin's Igne-^hand maneuvering in neighboring nations. Three countries seemed likely ti figure in the soviet troop remova issue, according to informatio here. They are Iran, Austria an China, but there are other areas les urgently involved. AG1Y5EMENT SOUGHT Efforts have been underway fo some time, it was learned, to get th Russians Oo agree to withdrawal o Allied troops from Austria — bu without success. Tomorrow is the generally accept See SOVIET POLICY, Page C Leaders Rally Forces fo Fight For Housing Plan WASHINGTON, March 1.—W).— Administration lieutenants rallie their forces today for a-tough bat tie ?o save President Truman' emergency housing program in th house. It was a touch-and-go proposition House republicans, reinforced by contingent of southern democrats threatened to produce enough vote to scrap the administration meas lire and enable opponents to write (•heir own ticket on what should b' done to provide more homes. Democratic leaders acknowledeel the tight spot they were, in by ma neuvering an early . adjournmen yesterday, thereby postponing thi showdown on the legislation unti today. t Mr. Truman meanwhile empha sized the increasingly acute nature of «the housing situation by an ap peal to the nation's people to shar any available living facilities with home-coming veterans. Opponents of the administration's See HOUSING PtAN, Page 4 her missing their- cold storage 'SHE'S'CQMING.HQME'; PAMPAN HAD WONDERED WHERE HIS WIFE WAS Red Cross Drive Gets Under Way Materials were distributed to workers who will conduct the Red Cross drive in the business district by Committee Chairman Morris Goldfine at a kick-off breakfast'in the Palm room of the. City hall this morning. i s All of the bus'iness houses in the distiict are to be called on, Gojdfine said, and it is hoped that every es- ;ablishment will be 100 per cent In its contributors. : Goldfine said he hoped the business districts drive would be pon- eluded by nex.t Wednesday. go alsp asl?ed that workers Ke oaveful checH and make sure that all reports a/e qarefully f Wed out so that much work in the Rest cross office on- counting the, donations can be eliminated. ' OthaJe? »Nel5pn, returned, -wanhad assumed, t; >t«a,n> was & much happier mjftn to pis country day. t ' ' ' ' V Uon., ,buj> it is sfce w|s. several day?! now, he Ua,§ b,w\ ut jusj; wjjere Jj}& be, sjnpe e that §4e was- France, ftie W had taken etvtttftji ' VOL. 43, No. 239. (10 Pages) PAMPA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1946. AP Leased Wire Price 5 Cents All Important Nips Barred From Office TOKYO, Mar:h 1—im— Japan's cabinet and Allied headquarters have virtually agreed to bar from .further public life all who held any important office nt any time in lhi> '.nation's eight years of .w.ir. Jiji news agency estimated "today tlin broadened purge would disqualify 155.000 men. New political factions simultaneously attacked the cabinet's draft of a revised constitution—which permits the emperor to retain much of his political power—and Kyodo news agency said the opposition would for:e changes. Whether this would relay public announcement of the final draft until after the April 10 election was not clear. The election itself has been postponed once—from March 31—so thed raft might be ready before the balloting. Chief cabinet secretary Kataru Narahashi reported today the tentative purge agreement. Other sources said that this last, sweeping in terpretation of General MacAr thur's broad decrees had receive approval by proper Allied authoritie and probably would be made forma and binding. Narahashi said th would not be done "for some time however. Jiji's; estimate of 155,000 to be ex iled from government service indue, ed 128,000 professional militarists— 87,000 army, and 41,000 navy'officer —as we'll as-nearly 8,000 top govern ment and government-corpora tip executives, .and .a^prpxjm^te)y. 2,00. -~"'The-tentative agreement wou] ban from office all government of ficials of bureau chief rank an higher since middle 1937, when it war begin in Asia. MacArthur's decree merely out lined a broad basis for this catch-a category, and a detailed definitio was determined. independently b the government, and submitted t headquarters for approval. Police Force To Use Motorcycles Starling today, two motorcycle pa trolmen will be on school and gen eral traffic duty, Chief of Police Louie Allen said this morning. The police department, which re cently purchased a ,1948 Harley-Da vidson motorcycle, will also oper ate the- old three-wheel motorcycle which has been overhauled. Motorcycle patrolmen will be 01 duty at the schools during the bus> hours and will be on downtown iraf fie duty at other times! Harry Hub bard and Dewey Martin havcjbeen assigned to the motorcycle patrol Chief Allen also said that a re placement officer for Carl Willbanks who recently left the department has joined the force. He is Max M.cKean, 26-year-old taarlne corps veteran and son o Mr. and Mrs. Max McKean, sr,) o Fayetteville, Ark., former Pampans McKean served in the Marine lorps for seven years rising to thi rank of platoon sergeant. He wil jrobably be on. patrol duty and desk work at the department. ATOM BOMB BOMBARDIERS Girl Scouts Receive Donation for Camp Plans for the grpwth and development of the CjHfl spout camp of .his district are underway, This week Jiojeg were dug for the Ranting of J3 Chinese elms around ;he main' lodge. The trees, yet to be >larjted,. have been donated by the Jruse Nursery, located \ between Alpreed. and Lefors and owned by 3 kUl Brijce. The elms are' about (•40 inches in diameter, and are awaiting; means of transportation ~ hp,}es for planting were dug by a crew of ^oh.n Andrews'. At a -recent business meeting of e lete Gamnw Kappa orga ion,, members voted to donate rf> th> Qirl Scouts for proposed leeping pftbins,. according to Beth •, teresid^Jti'Th.e IQR's slm.- jy- donated SO . to the cur- e»\t Red' Oross; fund raising cam- aign. '" ' \Vyo., -March AS «|cl Ws §ts «4>thejjr differences, W Mch, were Two atom-bomb bombardiers study a map at Roswcll, N.M., base where preliminary plans are being worked out for the atom bomb test in the South Pacific next month. They are Capt. Kermit D. Beahan (right), bombardier on plane which dropped bomb _ on Nagasaki, and Maj. Thomas W. Ferebee, bombardier of Hiroshima expedition. France, Spain Break Commercial Relations ey will wot Yield in Fight For Confirmation WASHINGTON, Maroh V~(/P)— Edwin W. Pauley refused to yield an inch today and reiterated confidence of winning his fight for confirmation as undersecretary of the navy. 'Tin convinced I'm going to win, he declared to reporters. This fresh expression of confi dence followed up Pauley's flat re jection yesterday of, a republioai suggestion that lie have his nam withdrawn now. One democratic strategist expres sed the belief that Pauley-has no won over any votes during th lengthy hearings, and may have los one or two. The committee consist of eleven democrats and seven re publicans. Pauley conceded that the situatioi within the committee was "close, and said it might take some time t swing some of the members aroun to his side. He contended he has no yet had the opportunity to answc charges made against him. Meanwhile, new obstacles threat ened another of President Tru man's recent nominees. Commodor James K. Vardaman, jr., faced ad ditional delay in the comittee in vestigation of his qualifications fn a 14-year term a,s a member of thi See PAULEY riG'HT, Page G Mrs. Belle Wells, 63, Dies in San Antonio Mrs. Belle Wells, 63, long-time resident of Pampa, died yesterdaj at the home of her mother in Sai Antonio, Death, which followed a stroke, occurred at 1 p. m. Mrs. Wells has been visiting ir the home of her aged mother in San Antionio for the past severa nonths. She was in Pampa for a 'ew days last Pecember at the time of the Bampa-Amarillo footbal ;ame. Besides her mother, she is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Louise Sain, Dallas^ and two sons, Odell Walker. Dalhart, and W. J. Hatchei of Pampa. The, body will «npa Saturday. will probably be be brought to Funeral services Sunday. Whit© Deer Tops led Cross Quota WWTP »££& JMarob, l— (Special)— White Peer went over the top in its coaU'ibuttws to the fied Prw before the drive off> ciftlly began, Tiu> quota for Pars?*) Is $3>« P, With 1170 »f UOs aWftUttt a> letted tu Wtiitje Wtw. an t» r », M pp*»te| ftfr& W. HENDAYE, Prance, March 1—( i - iok& .off, .a,U,.cotninercia.l relations! with Spain today by closing the 300-mile long border between the two countries in protest against the continuance in power of Generalissimo Francisco Franco's regime. DEVOID OF DRAMA The official closure, effective at midnight, was devoid of drama. As the hour passed, frontier guards patrolled both sides of the border as usual. Factually, the frontier was closed two hours before midnight when the customs offices finished the day's work. The Paris express arrived an hour late, but was permitted to cross, carrying; the last regular travelers, mostly Belgian, Portuguese and Spanish nationals. PERMISSION REFUSED The French action effectively severs all commercial intercourse be- ;ween the two countries, including See FRANCE-SPAIN, Page 6 Jaycees To Attend Regional Meeting Several members of the Pampa Junior chamber of commerce are expected to attend the regional Jayceo work conference at Amarillo Saturday and Sunday. Registration will begin at noon Saturday on the mezzanine floor of I he Herring hotel but no formal business meeting- will be held until Sunday morning. The entertainment committee of the host clqb is making arange- ments for a dinner and dance at thfc Herring Saturday night. Conferences will begin at 9:30 Sunday morning with reports from tim various clubs in the region and from the state president and state secretary, who are scheduled to be at the meeting. The visiting wives will be entertained by wives of Amarillo J&y- cees, also at 9:30. All members of the local organization who plan to attend are asked to contact Jaycee President Joe FisAer. Rail Official Asks Truman's Help in Strike By The Associated Pres E. A. Craft, executive vice president of the Texas and New Orleans rnilrond. n property of the Soiuh- rrn Pacific railroad, nsked President Truman in a telegram lust night to tnke "positive and effective action^ to insure the continued operation of this vital transportation agency." Craft's telegram was a move to avert a strike of 3,500 engineers and trainmen of the Southern Pacific system in Texas and Louisiana called for 6 a.m. tomorrow (Saturday) unless the cbmpany settles dismited issues before then. These issues the trainmen say are Southern Pacific's "failure to settle awards and various grievances rendered by the national railroad adjustment board and various griv- ances and time claims of every de- scrintion." Elsewhere in the state telenhone employes were voting on whether to take part in the national telephone strike set for March 7. A threatened tie up of bus and street car transportation in Dallas was removed last night when the Amalgamated Association of Street Electric Railway and Motor Coach company employes of American (APL) and officials of the Dallas Railway and Terminal company agreed to terms of a new contract. The old contract expired last night. Agreements were reached in two other labor disputes. A 16-cents- per-hour wage increase retroactive to .Jan. 3)^ was. granted tp 300 ern- ployes" of ""the"' San Antonio Swift Packing Co. Negotiations are still in progress on other concessions .soueht by the union. The si'rike of 105 CIO steelworkers at the Emsco Derrick and Equipment company plant in Dallas was settled yesterday with agreement to a new contract providing for wage increases of 18 1 '2 cents an hour for all production workers and union security. Soviets Leaving Sections oi Iran LONDON, March 1. — (/P) — The Moscow radio announced today that Red army troops would start withdrawing tomorrow from those sections of Iran "which are undisturbed," but would remain in the northwestern area, which includes the province of Azerbaijan. The Soviet government has informed Irania negotiators that the withdrawal—due tomorrow from all Iran under an allied agreement— will be limited to eastern areas of Soviet occupation in northern Iran "where the situation is relatively calmer," according to the broadcast. An autonomous government was reported a month ago to have been set up in Azerbaijan province after Red army troops blocked off Iranian reinforcements ordered into the province to put down a revolt. Premier Ahmed Qavam Saltaneh announced Feb. 8, before he left for Moscow to negotiate Russian-Iranian differences, that he would not recognize the Azerbaijan relume. If Necessary U S, Will Use Force-Byrnes NEW YORK, March 1 — (AP) — Secretary of State Byrnes, declaring the United States intends to prevent aggression, by force if necessary, charted a course of conduct today for relations among the world's great and small powers. He tempered his remarks with the assertion that he was "convinced that there is no reason for war between any of the great powers," and added that only an "inexcusable tragedy of errors could cause serious conflict between this cburv try and Russia." LIST OF 'MUST XOTS' Calling for a "stop to this man-, euvering for strategic advantages all over thri world and to the. use oS one adjustment as an entering wedge for further and undisclosed penetrations of power," Byrnes in addressing the overseas press club last night, laid down this seven point list of "must nots" for the world's nations: 1. "We will not and we cannot stand nloff if force or the threat .of force is used contrary to the oUr- poses of the (United Nations) char-/ ter. . . . APPROVAL NECESSARY 2. "We have no right to hold our, troops in the territories of other soverign states without their approval and consent freely given. 3. "We must not unduly prolong. the making of peace and continue to impose our troops upon small and impoverished nations. 4. "No power has a right to help Sec BYRNES SPEECH, Page 4 HUMAN NATURE SEATTLE, March sign painter George Hoeh always paints the first "n" backwards in his "No Parking" signs — for psychological effect, he explains. Sign-saturated motorists who get into the habit of ignoring the painted notices are snapped to attention by the wrong-way "n," Hoeh claims. He says he makes the second "n" in the standard fashion "so that people will know I know better." Kaiser Believes Killing Controls Would Spell Ruin WASHINGTON, March I—UP)— Henry J. Kaiser told congress today that removal of price controls would spell ruin for the great mass of mankind which has only limited purchasing power." The West coast' industrialist made the forecast while urging the house banking committee to approve leg-* islation to continue OP<A. Kaiser declared abolition of the agency would result in "inflation of disastrous proportions x x x throughout the whole field of production and distribution- x x x laying its heaviest toll on those who are the least able to bear it." He said he agreed with opponents of price control that the best way to avoid inflation is to insure full production, but' he added: "There is, as yet, no convincing argument that full production must await removal of price controls. "The best way to increase production will be tp stop bickering and go to work, with all sides ready to give and take in the all-important) effort to raise production to thei- level of demand." Kaiser took sharp issue with the 1 National Association of lyfanufac- turers for its full-page newspaper* advertisements urging abandonment of controls. —And We Thought- Rationing Was Hard TOKYO, March i—(/P)—Rationing, quotas in Japan, effective today, ave for each member of a family: Three matches a month, one cake r of soap every three months, and, 34' sheets of toilet tissue monthly. City war sufferers get PWQ electrla' bulbs a year; others get only ' Urban householders are allowed candles each. THE WEATHER PAMPAN WITH GLEE CLUB: AMBASSADORS OF GOOD WILL SING IN VIENNA UNITED STATES FOROES IN AUSTRIA—private First Class J. E. 3erber, jr., son of Mrs. J. E. Gerber, 216 E. Francis street, Pampa i\ singing with the 32d infantry Rc- Siment's Wghly -praised Glee Club R its numerous appearances in ana; throughout Austria. t,ion forces, the clu,b has sung to enthusiastic civilian and Allied military audiences. At ter a benefit per- Jormanee at the Kpivwrthwjs fr Vienna last ('all, the club presented 15,000 schillings to Da" Theodpi in, nitper, Cardinal of Austria, tP'id the reconstruction of yienna«s wondTfa,mous St. gte' O. 8. WBAT8BB 5:30 a.m. Today 40 6:30 a.m. 41 7:30 a.m. S» 8:30 a.m. _ 42 9:30 a.m. 44 10:30 a.m. 47 11:30 a.m. —— 52 12:30 p.m 5» 1:30 p.pi. —... 53 V<f6t«rdtty's Yesitcrda}''s WEST 75 38 i i

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