Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on October 23, 1961 · Page 1
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 1

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Monday, October 23, 1961
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"If you will not.fifhi for the Hght when you cars easily win without bloodshed: — you may have to fight when there Is no hope of vie* tory because it fs better to perish than to live as slaves." — Winston Churchill ampa Saily Serving Th* Top 0' Texas 54 Years WIATHfR (Blfect from AiHatiflo Station) PAMPA AND VICINITY «- Faff and warmer Tuesday, Scattered light frost possible tdnlghh tonight 30. High Tuesday 70. VOL, 30 — NO. CIRCULATION CERTIFIED BY ABC AUDIT THE PAMPA &A1LY NEWS, MONDAY, OCTOBER IS, l¥f Peace Prize Given Late UN Leader (It PAGES TODAY) Sunday! ISs STUTTGART,; Ark. (UPI) - A Cotton Belt freight train killed five persons in two separate accidents 18 miles apart Sunday. Engineer J. U. Rector, 61, had been railroading more than 36 years without being involved in a fatal accident. Then, in the space of two hours, that perfect was wiped out twice. Rector ,was taking the "No. 1 motor special" between Jonesboro and Pine Bluff when the train smashed into a pickup truck at a flasher crossing and killed three of the truck's four occupants. A few minutes after the wreck- crash in Ndola, Northern 'Rho-j a g e was cleared, the train killed desia,. on . Sept. 18 while on a•! a m °lher and chiid who stumbled OSLO (UPI) - The late United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold won the 1961 Nobel Peace prize today, the first time the award has gone to a dead man. ' ' ' At the same time, the Nobel Peace Prize Committee awarded its previously vacant 1960 award to South Africa's Albert Luthuli, a native nationalist leader. Hammarskjold was killed along with 15 other persons in a plane Tragedy Strikes A Second Blow peace mission to the Congo. His name, which had been mentioned for the peace prize in the past, came strongly into contention in the wake of his death. As usual, the committee gave no reason for its decision, apart from the terse communique issued by the secretariat of the Nobel Institute here. The communique said: "The-iNobel committee of the Norwegian National Assembly has the pickup truck, trapped the twisted wreckage underneath and carried it nearly three-quarters of a mile down the tracks before grinding to a halt. Killed were Elzie Smith, Flavelia Ransom and Mrs. Willie B. Smith, all of nearby Almyra- Mrs. Smith's husband, the driver, was critically injured. '"It looked like the truck was trying to run a race to the crossing," Rector ,told state troopers. The small town of Altheimer is about "'l8 miles down the track from Stuttgart. Charles Farrer was working at a service station a short distance across the tracks from his home. Mammoth Nuclear B ast Set Off In Russian Zone Deputy sheriff said Farrer saw Tom Smithey his 24-year-old onto the tracks into its path just 18 miles from the scene of the first accident. Rector was anxious to get home. His wife is in the hospital recovering from minor surgery. His mother and father - in - law! Charles Stevens Farrer, 3. jerk- had come from Rison, Ark,, to ed loose from his mother's hand help take car e of his'12-year old and ran toward the tracks as Rec- wife and three children coining to visit him, then heard his wife scream. son, Gary. As he neared (he crossing at Stuttgart, his hand rested on the tor's train rounded a curve — its shrill whistle screeching. "Charles, come back!" Mrs. whistle cord. He tugged gently Farrer called. She told Wando Jo, decided to give the Nobel peace ar| d escaping steam shrieked its! 5, to stay back and then ran to prize for 1961 to Albert John Lut- huli. The prize.for 1961 has been awarded Dag Hammarskjold post mortem. The prize money for 1961 will be placed at the disposal of Dag Hammarskjold's estate. The prize for 1960 is $42,600 and the prize for 1961 is $48,200." The Congo mission which was his last was part of the long and arduous struggle for peace that marked Hammarskjold's days as • secretary general. In November 1956, his quiet diplomacy accomplished the virtually impossible in a moment of life and death for the United Nations when he managed to get the first troops of a U. N, emergency force into positions along the truce line between Egypt and Israel.' Before that Hammarskjoid diplomacy had arranged a cease- fire between the two. Then he followed up by obtaining permission from a sovereign nation- Egypt—for establishment of U. N. troops on its soil, Before that, he had made a 'mission to Peiping" to talk the warning, once, twice. Then he'catch Charles. In her arms was yanked the cord frantically"Good grief!" he yelled. He clawed at the emergency brake, but he knew there was nothing he could do. The train plowed broadside into 2-year-od Charlotte Lee Charles dashed across t h e tracks safely in front of the train. But Mrs- Farrer stumbled and fell on the tracks. She and her youngest daughter were killed. U. S. Doubffu Megaton Bomb Actually Fired By United Pres Inlernaiionul Swedish and French detection stations reported today that the Russians had exploded a gigantic nuclear device in the Arctic which "probably" was Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's promised 50-megaton bomb. There was no immediate confirmation from the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. On the basis of preliminary reports,.U.S. officials said they were skeptical that this actually was Khrushchev's 50-megaton weapon. Reports of the blast came first from Sweden's Uppsala University seismological institution and thsr. from the French atomic energy (See related story page 3) commission- Both have recorded and announced previous Soviet Nu- clar explsions in the current scr- Yanks March Into East Berlin To Aid Diplomat BERLIN (UPI) —Nine Ameri-1 this up with a written protest. cans were drawn up at the bor- can -soldiers-carrying M14 rifles I The incident was touched off der. Two blocks away were four with bayonets fixed marched into East Berlin; twice.Sunday to help a U.S. diplomat get past Communist East German border guards. It was the first such Americari military operation ever carried out here. It served blunt notice to the Communists that the United States will use force if necessary Communist Chinese regime into to defend its ri 8 hts in Berlin freeing 15 American fliers held in Red prisons. Then came his successful peace mission of getting the U. N. peace force into the Middle East in the wake of the British - French - Israeli invasion of Egypt. •The surprised East Germans made no move to resist the American soldiers. when East German border guards stopped E. Allan Lightner, 53- year-old chief of -the U.S. diplomatic mission in Berlin, .as he drove across the Friedrichstrasse border crossing point. The guards refused to let him pass because he would not show his identity card, The United States insist only Soviet military personnel have the right to ask for such identification. Eight military policemen led by TI Tr c -D i- , , , ! a 1 st lieutenant marched across The U.S. Berlin command lodg-j the white , jne anf , 200 feet to ed a strong verbal protest with the Soviet command in East Berlin and was expected to follow Mountain Snowstorm ••>>-• . -. Strands 500 Hunters By United Press International Stranded hunters beat their way, from snow-clogged passes in the northern Rockies today and the worst flood in 17 years inundated farms along Virginia's James River. Gale winds and high tides sub- i sided from New York to northern . New England voday after the passage of tropical storm Gerda. A slow-moving cold front which i brought snow and day-long near- freezing temperatures to North Dakota Sunday advanced into the ' corn belt, dropping the mercury 10 or more degrees as it passed. Some 500 hunters were caught in the mountains of Utah and southern Idaho by a storm which dropped up to four inches of snow over the weekend. The greatest concentration of the stranded occurred near Burley, Idaho, where more snow was expected. National Guardsmen and local authorities took snow vehicles into the mountains to rescue the hunters. Food drops from planes were planned in areas isolated by snow-blocked highways. The rescuers were hampered by breakdowns in telephone service to the Twin Falls-Burley area due to the storm. The storm hit after hunters took to the woods Saturday for the opening of the deer season in Utah and Idaho, it left up co four feet of snow in some mountain areas. Snow also fell in parts of Montana £nd North Dakota. West Yel- lowstone, Mont,, reported 9 inches. Virginia's James River was expected to crest nine feet above flood stage today. Virginia's wesc- ern highlands had 11 inches of rain over the weekend while tropical storm Gerda plowed northward through the Atlantic. The floodwaters blocked roads in Virginia's Wight, Louisa and' Goochland counties. Although few homes were endangered, the flood jeopardized livestock and farmers were moving their animals to higher ground. The flood covered the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad tracks in Goochland County, forcing rerouting of trains. Lightner's car, Lightner's w i f e was sitting beside him. The MP's escorted the car two blocks into East Berlin and then out again past the Communist checkpoint. The East Germans melted away at the approach of the soldiers and made no move to interfere. Fifteen minutes later, Lightner drove back to the checkpoint, this time with another State Department official instead of his wife, and the East Germans stopped him again. The American soldiers repeated their previous escort maneuver with the same success. This time three more jeeploads of Ameri- M48 tanks and four armored personnel carriers, but they were not needed. The march into East Berlin was unprecedented. It was believed to have been ordered by Gen. Lucius B. Clay, President Kennedy's personal representative here. After the two rescues, Lt. Col. Robert A. Sabolyk, Army provost marshal, went into East Berlin and delivered a "very strong" oral protest to a Soviet colonel. After the protest, Lightner drove into East Berlin a third time and was not stopped. Other American automobiles followed him. The Uppsafa institution recorded the explosion at 2:35 a.m .CST. It was set of in the Russian testing /.one at Novaya Zemlya. Markus Booth, a spokesman for the institution, said "it seems probably that this explosion was caused by the 50-megaton bomb which Khrushchev reported would be detonated toward the end of this month," Several hours later the French agency said it had detected « "very, very powerful" explosion which was "probably of the 50- magaton size." The French spokesman said his statement was based on first in formation obtained through seismological and acoustic instru* ments. He said they showed the test took place in the atmosphere where it would produce heavy radioactive fallout. In Washington, AEC officials responded with "no comment" when asked . if this really was Khrushchev's super bomb- A congressional source said that as far as he could tell'the AEC was not in a position in midmorning to either confirm or deny the French and Swedish report*. The Uppsala seismograph is one of the Western observatories clos- KIOKOFF LUNCHEON — The Pampa-Lefors United Fund drive for 1961 wa* started with a luncheon in the Coronado Inn today. George Nevvberry, general chairman, conducted the pep session. Pictured above are some of the symbols for the unity of the drive taken at one of the tables. The luncheon was highlighted by the musical production, "The U". Members of the fund solicitation teams started' working immediately following the luncheon meeting. The Pampa-Lofors fund goal is $64,74.6. (Daily News Photo) Nixon Defended By GOP Woman As Meet Opens FORT WORTH, Tex. (UPI) — An estimated 500 women from six states registered today for a two- day regional convention of the Federation of Republican Women. Mrs, Clare B. Williams of Si, Petersburg, Fla., and Washington, D, C., muy have set the „ . ,. . , ,. tone of the meeting Sunday when est to Iho Soviet-Unions Iestm 8 she s((jod up for California guber- grounds. It has detected and an (Sec NUCLEAR, Page 2) Venue Change Sought In Trial Of 2 Killers RUSSELL, Kan. (UPI) — Attorneys for two teen-age killers today used different defense methods in the murder trial's opening Mile-a-minute winds and (See STORM, Page 2) tides session. The two, George Ronald York, 18, and James Douglas Latham, 19, admitted killing seven persons in a five-state crime spree between May 29 and June 10. They are being tried for the slaying of Otto Ziegler, a 63-year- old trainmaster for the Union Pacific Railroad. The defendants, who walked away from a stockade at Ft. Hood Tex., May 24, are charged with shooting Ziegler after encountering him on a lonely highway near Sharon, Kan., in the western part of the state. for the action in Cantor's case, j York's court-appointed attorney, Arabs Blacklist American Actor DAMASCUS, Syria (UPI) — Eddie Cantor was blacklisted by the Arab League Sunday for "violating Arab boycott regulations" against Israel. The league's boycott central office did not specify the reasons Bernard E. Whalen,. argued for either a second change of venue, or for a continuance. He said the 150-mile distance between his home in Goodland, K»ns., to Russell, had prevented him from consulting with his client. Jesse I, Linder, Latham's attorney, plans to present depositions from several Army psychiatrists who had examined both de- fendents. They had been under psychiatric treatment at Ft. Sam Houstin, Tex. The defendants admitted kiling six other persons in Florida, Tennessee, Illinois, Colorado and Kansas. A court appointed - commission, which examined them after their capture, ruled them sane. natorial candidate and former Vice President Richard Nixon in his dispute with former California governor Goodwin Knight, Mrs, Williams, assistant chairman of the Republican National Committee, said she believed Nixon when he said he did nor try lo Khrushchev Foe Openly Scathed At Party Meet MOSCOW (UP!)—The Kremlin (decimated. His own deputy, Mar publicly humiliaU'd 80-yenr - old former Soviet President Klimenli Voroshilov to his face todny for opposing Premier Nikitit Khrushchev in the 1)137 "anli-purty" sbnl Mikhail Tukhachevsky, and olhor top generals were shot, The attack on Communist dissidents ut today's session of th» congress was led off by American party leader Elizabeth Gurley l-'lynn, who heaped abuse on little Albania for its Stalinist wayj, Canadian Cold Front Arrives By United Press International A Canadian cold front spread chair only a few feet away while I CO0 ' " ir across tlle northern half bribe Knight not to oppose him | Polyunsky scorned his 1957 apolo- ()f ' 1>xas Uldu y an(l the Weather in the California GOP primary. gy that "thu devil had misled "" "' ! ' '" : " ""' "I think this has been exag-jme" inlo joining the anti-Khru- geratecl. If he says he didn't, he shchev faction led by former For- didn't," she said. Nixon was accused of offei Time and again the red-faced former army IK-CO tried to interrupt his denunciation by Russian Republic Premier Dmilri Polynn- sky in front of the 5,1)00 delegutc.H to the 22ml Soviet Communist par- ly congress. Each time the chairman banged down his gavel, drowning out Vo- roshilov's words. Voroshilov sat in a platform eign Minister V. M, Molotov. Bureau said il will trigger scattered showers over some .sections of the state this afternoon and tonight. ''" demanded that the! lo make Knight chief jusiice of' U JS C<1 former defciw minister and the state Supreme Court if he ex-president be hold fully respons If it comes from a hardware store, we have it. Lewis Hdwe. Aclv. THIS Pmpis OF FOftHQg* ~ Is Women s Army Corps, During <* jrecent parade to Taipei ojf the cox-p*;, wearing slit skii'ts and high-heeled shoes, |»Jt their best Jfoot forward. would stay out of the primary, j mle along with the Mrs. Williams also commented | of (lie n ' )w A W» V1 ' on Texas politics, saying she 8r " up ' Ihinks former Democratic gubernatorial candidate Jack Cox showed good judgment when he switched to the GOP. Cox has said he will seek the governor' job again, this lime as a Republican. Mrs. Williams said Sunday during a stopover in Dallas that many Texas Democrats are Republicans at heart. "Their party ran off and left ther members opposition I thu night and rspread the rest of northern Texas as the front moved across the state in a southwesterly direction. The cold front, described as Khrushchev opened the congress . last Tuesday hy saving Voroshi-1 weak hy lhe Weather B u r e a u - lov had apologized, but he linked l wa ', cx P ecte<1 to caus8 \r u:i : .u ,.,.., i -moderate temnerature them a long time ago. They are not Democrats in their philosophy —their principles are Republican," she said. She charged that Democratic party leaders have "adopted socialistic and radical principles of governmental philosophy." Delegate* to the Fort Worth meeting came from Texas, New Mexico, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Ari/.ona. Voroshilov with Molotov, La/ar Kaganovich and Georgi Mulenkov in his charge that they took part in the Stalin era's mass repressions. Polyunsky said Voroshilov apologized only to cover up his responsibility for the bloody purges, especially those in the army, Voroshilov served as defense commissar in 19'1G-.'1S when hundreds of top-ranking officers were * temperature drop in and almost none in South Texas. The mercury dipped to 29 degrees early today at Dalhart, th« lowest reading in the state. Tht highest overnight minimum wai 70 at Corpus Christ!. The showers would be the first rain in Texas in more than a week. The Weather Bureau called for rain in extreme northeast ern Texas and along the coast in. Head To Travel Abroad WASHINGTON (UPJ) — S a r vent Shriver, director of ihe Peace Corps, will le«ve Tuesday on * 25-day tour of Colombia, Peru. Bolivia, Chile, Brazil and Venezuel*. arrested and the officer corps was!,, , i , fi l "° . uu " 1 "* 1 ! south central and souiheastern sections. Otherwise, partly cloudy skies and cooler temperatures are on. tape for not them portions today and the same for southern sections through Tuesday, Temperatures rw>e into the 90| high St)$ over much of thf Sunday ahead of the front. Wink, in the lower South Plains, had s maximum of 94 degrees, highest in the nation, Childres? had 91 and l.ubbock and Ama- lillo reported S9. Coolest rn»xi- i v\as GalveMon'* high of 7| See Editoria Page For Second Article On UN Th« second installment in the series of article* <m "Should We Strengthen t h * United Nations?" appears on the editorial page of The Fampa News today. The News is publishing the series as a public service, believing that readers, nrsny of whom are unfamiliar with the workings of the U.N., will ap predate having this information, am Avoid the rush, get ywr ItSJ .State Inspection Stickers now «t Pampa Safety Lane, 411 J. Cuy« |l«- 44*

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