What Year,Holds~ Close Look At Mars Coming June 24,1954 By DELOS SMITH UP Science Editor NEW YORK, Jan. 14 —(IB—What the year 1954 holds for men, no man can say. But it is quite differ" ent with the stars and planets. For example, on Feb. 5 there will be a meteor shower from the constellation, Aunga Astronomy is the restful science It contains few realms for its practitioners to tense up for the unexpected. The telescope boys know right now they'll have a close look at Mars, on June 24, On that day Mars will be in "opposition" with earth and sun and will be only a little over 40,000,000 miles away That's something. Mars hasn't been so close since 1941 Mars can be as .far ,-away : as 60,000,000 miles — Or it/can be as Close as 35,000,000 miles. It will/be even closer next year than this year, but 1955 is a year away and 1954 is,our:baby. By baingxin "opposition." Mars will be lined up with earth and sun, with the earth in the middle Strangely, Mars will appear-to be moving backwards. It won't be actually/of course. • The reason it will appear to be is that we have to view Mars from a moving platform, that being our earth. Mars and earth revolve around the same sun, but in different and elliptical'• rather '•. than circular orbits. Thus there always comes the recurring time when the earth is overtaking and passing Mars- Those .times bring about "oppositions." This year's will. be. especially .'spectacular •— the "teapot" will fee backdrop. . : ' This is the formation of stars in the constellation, Sagittarius, which reminds you. nf a teapot if you look at it, with a teapot in mind. From mid-April until May 23, Mars will appear to be' skimming over the lid, moving: away from the spout. 'On May 23, it will seem to stop dead and then , go backward,/the way it came; But the time of "opposition" it will appear to be crossing the spout. But on July 30, Mars' unseemly backwarding will end and the planet will seem to resume its normal eastward course. It will pass through the lid again early in September. The .astronomers,, at the American . Museum of Natural History's Hayden Planetarium consider Mars the "planet of 1954"—the . planet to watch because it will • appear to be going places even if : it isn't. Every: night during 1954, earthlings will be able to see Mars if there's no overcast. But there won't be any new discoveries, probably, about affairs or. the "red planet 1 ' which will startle the layman, whatever the astronomers turn up in the way of technical niceties from a distance of .'only 40,000,000 miles. Of course, if one of the astronomers turns up evidence of life on Mars superior to simple planets, which may well grow there, that will be news! But astronomers expect nothing of the sort — they're convinced, more or -less, that Mars doesn't have it. What the stars hold for 1954 include three of the most spectacular of celestial, events — eclipses, one of the sun, two of the moon. They will be total in some section of the country, partial in others- Astronomers advise anyone who can to see 1954's sun eclipse. Moon, eclipses are common — there are usually two every year. But'total sun eclipses are available for seeing by residents of any one place on earth "about once in a lifetime.' Actually there are more eclipses of the sun 7 than'of "the" moon;. But you have to be in the right place if you're going to see any one. On June 30 New Yorkers .will see only a partial eclipse. The last time they, saw a total .eclipse was Jan. 24, 1945 and. the next time they'll see one will be Oct. 26,2144. The people who will see this year's slcipse as a total one are those who live along a line beginning in "northeastern Nebraska and running through".Minnesota, .Wisconsin, along the south end of Hudson Bay and thence across the Atlantic and through Europe and Asia and ending in India. Frank ChrenciEc Is New Manager At Diamond Alkali Frank Chrehcik of Baytown is fche new general manager of the S25 million Diamond Alkali : Co. plant on the south side ^of the Houston Ship Channel. * He replaces C. E- Lyon, who has been promoted to head; the company's Chlorinated Products division 'at the firm's headquarters in Cleveland; ,O. Lynn has been general manager since the plant was built* in 1946 The plant here produces caustic, soda and chlorine gas. Chrehcik has served as assistant • general manager,of the plant here since 1948. He joined Diamond Alkali in 3946 in Chicago and worked at Edgewater, Md., before being transferred here. He is 40 years old and a native of Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Chrencik and their two sons live at 108 Yaupon Drive. • W.- J. Butler, production control manager at! the plant, has been appointed' to take Chrencik's former position- Fire Enepes Aid March Of Dimes In Channdview . Baytown children who would like to ride through Channelview on a •big red fire engine with screaming ; sirens Jan. 23 can-do so for 25 cents—and help the March of Dimes at the same time- Beginning at 8 a.m. and lasting until 4 p.m., the Channelview Volunteer Fire Department will send its fire truck racing- after make-beliove fires on "R,ide So Others May \Valk" day. Mrs. Edward Shields Sr,. March of Dimes campaign director for the Channelview area, invites the children of Baytown over Jan. 23. She, says that all the quarters will go to the anti-polio drive. There may bo several fire trucks available, Mrs. Shields predicts. Not Counting Those Antlers ATLANTA, Ga., Jan. 14—UP —State wildli/c officials said Thursday they have closed the alligator .hunting: season in southern Georgia because the hunters wcr e killing more deer than alligators. >* '** & & at & &' ® ><*• k l \ r f * ' -*f' -Jfr- i THE SECOND PHASE of an Important .airborne test, "Skydrop," is concluded at Fort Bragg, N. C., with the dropping of more than. 4.000 Paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne division and thousands of tons of equipment. (International SoundphotoJ Dumps Menace To Small Communities CHICAGO,.; Jan. 14 — (ffl— Open, dumps or garbage-strewn .alleys menace the health of .many of the 33,000,000' Americans: who live in small communities, according to the American Public Works 'Association. . ! Towns with populations ranging from 1,000 to 25,000 have been slow to install sanitary systems of collecting and disposing of garbage and refuse, .the association 'said. The association, in cooperation .with the U. S. Public Health Service, recently" published a manual entitled "Refuse Collection and Disposal for the Small Community." One, "predominant" reason for inadequate refuse control is the feeling in small communities that adequate service is too costly, the AIW A Y S F f R S T vO U A ti* *!* SPARKLING NEW DENIM CHAM6RAYS PEW REDUCED BLOUSES A complete collection of higher priced blouses ai this low reduced price. Select from washable cottons, corduroys and gabardines. Sizes-30 to 38 in long, %, and short sleeve styles. THREE STYLES ONLY ONE SHOWN HERE Your fashion choice for an early spring — denim chambray, soft ana rich to assure that spring look! See it here in colors of blue and brown. At Permey'j they're a lot of top fashion at a tiny price. Sizes 10-20, Top Labor Unions Demand Action On Wetback Problem WASHINGTON, Jan. 14 —UP— Tlie nation's two largest labor organizations Thursdav joined in appealing to President Eisenhower for prompt action to halt the shockingly inadequate" way the government is handling the Hex- lean wetback" problem. AFL President Georg s Meany ana CIO President Walter P. Reuther said in identical letters to Mr Eisenhower that the illegal migration of thousands of "wetbacks" into the Southwest is causing workers and endangering U.S -Mexican relations. Thev no>ed that the present U.S. agreement which Mexico under which contract workers are brought into this country to work on farms in California, Te.\as, Aiizona and other states expires next Friday. This country and Mexico thus far hav e been unable to agree on- a .new pact. Meany and Reuther warned against a Labor Department plan 'to continue the program on "a unilateral basis " Under such a plan, the Mexican government would have nothing to say about working .conditions. The union chiefs urged the President to consult with union officials in adopting any new method for handling the problem. They also asked him to take :"adequate steps" to halt .the entry of illegal workers. THE BAYTOWN SUN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 14,, 1954 „ — PAGE I General Motors Tests First Turbo-Jet Car DETROIT, Jan. 14—<UV~General Motors introduced Thursday the first turbo-jet automobile ever built and tested in the United Statts, Called the Firebird, it looks more like a supersonic airplane than an automobile. It has reverse - lift wings to keep it on the ground and wing-flap brakes just like a plane to help slow it down. Although n^i engineers say they have never tested it for speed, the rated horsepower of 370 at 13,000 revolutions per minutes suggests speeds well over 200 m p h. GM President Harlow H., Curtice said the oar is "purely experimental" and is not intended for highway use. It will be shown for the first time at GM's motorama in New York city Jan. 21-26- Gas turbine engines for trucks also are being tested m the Pacific Northwest but the "firebird" is believed to be the first U. S.-built auto with a turbine engine. The car is about the length and width, of a conventional big car. It has a white plastic torpedo- shaped body, 44 inches high, flowing back from a needle nose into a Delta wing at the rear wheels complete with stabilizer It seats only one in a clear plastic bubble midway between the front and rear wheels. The engine is mounted-behind the cockpit with ft huge exhaust port making up the rear of the car. , Curtice emphasized that "this is not the car of tomorrow. We built the Firebird to help us explore commercial possibilities of the gas turbine and add to our knowledge of thermodynamics." Tailors 5>enre tree I Drinks In Hong Kong HONG KONG, an- 14 -MOT—Th»' cheapest 'drinks * in "town" ar« r served, of all places, at local tailot" shops. They're free, aa a matter of faoL • , ' One can easily combine pre- luncheon and afternoon cocktail hours, after-dinner liquors or just a drink with picking out material* and being measured for any typ« of clothing. Just drop in one of th« dozen or so tailors •who set.'em up. NOTICE! IN ORDER TO GIVE OUR EMPLOYEES A SHORTER WORK WEEK OUR STORES HOURS ARE CHANGED TO 9:30 A.M. 6:00 P.M. MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY WE HOPE THESE HOURS WILL BE CONVENIENT FOR YOU PENNEY'S ALWAYS Ft R S T Q U A U f Y f JANUARY WHITE GOODS! Quantities Still Plentiful! manual said. ' The fee system . should be considered in towns with 'high tax rates, it ; , added. Under . average conditions, the manual continued, the cost to a community of 10,000 persons \vould •be about $6,000 a month. The monthly fee of each resident would come to about $1.40 and businesses would pay about $3 monthly. But the manual said that, where -possible, refuse collection \mder the general tax system would eliminate complications arising .under the direct payment plan. The expression "not worth a rap" is from the time in Ireland .when counterfeit halfpence, commonly known as "raps," were in use. Home-tested for over half a century! ,v. 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