The Weather Cloudy, lowest 2S-33. Friday, light snow, colder. City Weather — High, 45; low, 25; noon, 46. River—3.89 feet. . Relative humidity — 44 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXIIL—NO. 58 Associated Prta Serv/ct — AP Wirephoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1952 International N'ewj Soviet 26 Pages 5 CENTS t Truman Spurns Candidacy Queries U. N. Fighter Bombers Maul Red Supply Lines Truce Group Asks Civilian Prisoner List Talks Remain Stalled; Reds Drop Leaflets On Otherwise Quiet Front SEOUL, Korea—W—Allied fighter bombers today mauled Communist supply buildings and rail bridges and blasted 120 more holes in North Korea's patchwork rail lines. Planes of the Fifth Air Force flew 625 sorties during the day in their , continuing campaign to choke off Red supply lines. Sabre jets combed North Korean skies without sighting a Communist Mia Jet, the Fifth Air Force said. Night flying B-26 bombers spotted 1,158 Communist trucks along North Korean highways before dawn Thursday. Pilots reported 112 destroyed. B-29 Superforts bombed North Korean supply lines. One Superfort was attaclied by a Communist plane. Reds Drop Leaflets British and American carrier planes pounded Communist targets on both coasts of Korea Wednesday. Allied warships dropped high explosives on coastline installations. The Reds enlivened an otherwise quiet day along the ground front with propaganda leaflets. The leaflets, written in English, played on the desire of the TJ. N. soldiers' wish to go home. They also charged the IT. N. Command with stalling truce talks at Panmunjom. In Washington the Defense Department listed 151 more casualties since last week. Ths figure included 36 killed. Total TJ. 6. casualties for the Korean war are 105,992. Truce Negotiators Ask Civilian POW Listings MUNSAN. Korea — (IP) '— U. N. truce negotiators today asked the Communists for another accounting of non-Korean civilians believed captured by the. Reds. Staff officers handed back to the armistice subcommittee the deadlock over voluntary repatriation of prisoners. The officers reached virtual agreement on all other points. The subcommittee will meet Friday. Negotiations on truce supervision appeared deadlocked on Communist insistence that Soviet Russia be named to a neutral supervisory commission. Allied staff officers handed Communist delegates a list of 57 names —two more than were on the original U. N. list Dec. 30. The new names are those of the Rev. Father Jean Colin, a French Catholic missionary and Alfred Gerald Matti, a Swiss national. 28 Not On List The Reds disclosed late last month that 48 foreign civilians are interned in North Korea, but 28 weren't on the Allied list. Thus the U. N, still seeks an accounting of 30 civilians who may be held by the Communists. Col. James C. Murray gave Red negotiators the new Allied list after the Communists asked for a guarantee that foreign nationals in Allied- held territory would be returned. The prisoner exchange subcommittee will take over this problem again in a meeting scheduled for 11 a. m. Friday (9 p. m. EST Thursday) in Panmunjom. The subdelegates have not met since Feb. 8. Negotiations on truce supervision bogged down completely. travel travel Air Travel Surpasses Pullman Travel In '51 WASHINGTON—WP)—Air mileage exceeded Pullman mileage last year for the first time on record. The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) said domestic airlines flew 10,500,394,000 passenger miles last year, while rail travel on Pullmans totaled miles. 10,432,306,000 passenger Two Autos Crushed By Falling.Tree Two parked autos were crushed when this oak tree was blown down by high winds in Tampa, Fla. No one was injured in the accident which blocked a street and tore up a sidewalk. Japan Defense Pact Provides Security Force *> Agreement Signed To Keep U. S. Troops On Homeland Indefinitely TOKYO — (fl 5 )—Diplomats signed an agreement today providing that American troops will stay in Japan Indefinitely on Just about the same terms as exist now. No limit was set on the size or composition of XI. S. post-occupation forces. No time limit was set on the length of their stay. The agreement implements the U. S.-Japan secuirty pact signed at San Francisco last September. It will become effective automatically when the peace treaty is ratified. Dean Rusk, chief U. S. negotiator of the agreement, hailed It as "another step toward peace." Provides Defense Consultation The document provides immediate consultation for joint defense of Japan "in the event of hostilities, or imminently threatened hostilities." The 28-page pact covers administrative details for keeping American garrison forces in Japan when the occupation ends. It provides: 1. The tr. S- may bring into Japan whatever armed forces are needed, their dependents and attached civilians. 2. Japan will grant the necessary facilities and land for garrison forces. 3. The T7. .S- retains criminal jurisdiction over everyone brought in under this agreement. U. S. .Keeps Tax Exemptions 4. The U. S. retains wide tax exemptions. 5. The two governments will cooperate to "ensure the security of the United States armed forces," dependents, civilians and property. 6. Japan will furnish necessary facilities, rights of way, etc. 7. Japan will contribute $155,000,000 yearly for "procurement by the United States of transportation and other requisite services and supplies in Japan." The agreement covers only American forces. Mild 'Quake Reported MANILA— W 3 )— A mild earthquake rocked the town of Tacloban on Leyte Island in the central Philip- Notre Dame Gets 'Little Brother 9 ROME — (fP) — Notre Dame University in Indiana is going to have a little brother. The Congregation of the Holy Cross, which operates the university, announced today it would open a Notre Dame International Boys School in Rome this October. It will be conducted in English and be open to boys of all faiths. Red Suspects Irk Probers With Silence DETROIT— (#)— The Communist inquiry pushed on today with hints that investigators might adopt a get-tough policy toward rebellious witnesses. Representatives of the House Un- American Activities Committee contended with no less than ten defiant witnesses in three rocky days of an examination of Communism in Detroit and Michigan. Five persons, among them Elinor Maki, 42, suspended Detroit public art teacher, went on the stand yesterday only to dodge all queries pertaining to Communism. With this going on by the hour, members of the subcommittee handling the hearing began to show signs of impatience. Rep. Potter (R-Mich) remarked on one witness, Fred Williams, t5, Detroit auto worker. To several questions Williams snapped back sharply. "Same answer, same reason." Like the others, he pleaded constitutional right not to answer. Potter said that "in my opinion" the witness "is in contempt of Con- grass" and Subcommittee Chairman Wood (D-Ga) said Williams was "in contempt of all loyal Americans." Collazo Death Decree Upheld WASHINGTON— U. S. oines today. Court of Appeals today unanimously upheld the conviction and death sentence of Oscar Collazo, Puerto Polio Rate Drops After Rabies Shots, But Study To Continue Sutton Pleads Guilty., Faces Life Sentence Owning, Carrying Guns Makes Fourth. Offense Noted Bank Robber NEW YORK—(INS)—Bank Robber Willie "The Actor" Sutton pleaded guilty m Kings County (Brooklyn) Court today to charges of owning and carrying guns. The plea •automatically placed Sutton in the shadow of a possible life prison term under New York's fourth, offender law. Sutton entered his plea before Kings County Judge Louis Goldstein. He was brought to court from Queens County Jail where he has been held since his arrest in Brooklyn on Feb. 18. , Carried One Gun At the time of his arrest' Sutton was carrying one gun and another was found in his room. Despite today's plea "Slippery Willie" will be returned to Queens where he faces trial for the holdup of a branch of the Manufacturers Trust Company in 1950. He will not be sentenced in Brooklyn on the gun charge until the Queens holdup charge has been disposed of. Meantime Button's lawyer disclosed defense plans that challenged identification of "The Actor" as leader of the $63,942 Queens hold-up. The attorney, George Washington Herz, said: "Personally I'm satisfied the district attorney cannot connect Willie with the Sunnyside case." New Defense Move Herz disclosed a new defense move —made late yesterday—that in effect challenged the identification of Sutton" in connectioa with the Queens robbery. He made a motion demanding a bill of particulars specifying names and addresses of the witnesses to the Sunnyside hold-up. The lawyer noted that Queens district Attorney Quinn said two of 17 witnesses had identified Sutton. Herz wanted to know: What about the other 15? Herz also wanted to know if any statements were made to police by two others accused in the Queens "job" — Thomas "Scup" Kling, described by the FBI as a vicious version of Sutton, and John Devenuta. Both Kling and Devenuta were arrested after Sutton's capture. The lawyer said: "I want to know what reasons motivated Devenuta in not having counsel. Is the D.A. going to use him as a state's witness? Has he refused counsel at the suggestion of the D.A.? What promises have *:en made to bolster the D.A.'s case? I want to clear the atmosphere." Sutton Stands Quietly Sutton stood quietly and without expression during today's hearing. He wore the same blue pencil-stripe suit he wore when arrested, also a light green shirt and purple tie figured with birds in flight. He spoke in a low but calm and confident voice when asked how he pleaded. "I plead guilty," he said. He was taken in a prison van to a police station for booking and fingerprinting and then returned to the Queen's city prison. FROST, Tex.— (/P)— Seven months ago nearly 400 persons in this small Texas town took five rabies shots each in an experiment to that people "who have rabies shots generally polio." Dr. Hipps said: Rican fanatic who tried to assassinate President Truman 16 months ago. Collazo's Puerto Rican companion and a White House guard were killed during a furious gun battle fought on the steps of Blair House, 1 temporary home of the President! received j at the time of the storming on ; Red Officials' Aides Sentenced As Disloyal BERLIN—M 3 )—Former secretaries of two top Russian zone officials are now serving long prison terms for political disloyalty, a West Berlin newspaper reported today. Der Abend said Eva Engmann, ex-secretary of Otto Nuschke, chairman of the East German Christian Democrats, was sentenced to 12 years and Irmgard Erkner, once secretary to Communist Boss Walter Ulbicht, is serving 15 years, in the same concentration camp. Office Workers Hurdle Snowdrifts In New England Office workers hurdle a snowdrift in Boston Common today as the city started digging out of the latest in a series of snow storms lashing New England. Cape Cod was hardest hit with drifts 12 feet high and at least five feared dead. Hershey Says 650,000 Draft Set Next Year Will Help Replace Over Million Slated To Receive Discharge WASHINGTON— (INS) —Draft officials expect today to induct 650,000 men In the 12 months beginning July 1 to help replace the million or more men who will become eligible for discharge. Selective Service Chief Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey told a House appropriations subcommittee on Jan. 17 that his budget for the fiscal year 1953 is based on an anticipated draft quota of 650,000. Hershey pointed out, however, that he does not know exactly how many inductees will be required by the armed forces, which furnish him with quotas on a monthly basis about 60 days in advance. 675,000 Enter This Year In his House testimony, which was made public today, Hershey also said that "675,000 men will have been inducted" during the present fiscal year ending June 30, 1952. Announced draft quotas through this coming April prvlde fr the induction of less «than 345,000 men, whichh would leave 330,000 men subject to Selective Service calls next May and June, according to Hershey's figures. Figure 'Cuts U Thin- However, officials in Hershey's office said they believe the draft chief was referring to the total number of men being processed by Selective Service, many of whom are not actually drafted but are allowed to enlist at the last moment. They added that Hershey's 650,000 figure for 1953 is "cutting it thin" In view of the fact that'men drafted in the early days of the Korean war will be eligible for discharge beginning late next summer. Three 'Spies' To Die WARSAW, Poland — W) — The Warsaw press announced toany that three men, one of them a French citizen, have been sentenced to death on charges of spying for France. Several other persons received long prison terms. Navy Dungaree Belt Sizes Cut • NEW YORK— (IP)— The Navy, which until now has made all its enlisted men's belts 45 inches long, said today it will begin saving $35,000 a year by making half the belts for their dungarees or work clothes six Inches shorter. The Navy said it discovered that half its men were cutting off and discarding more than six Inches of their belts to make them the proper size. Lovett Reveals Air Force Hike Due In Europe WASHINGTON—(#>)—The United States will add no more Army divisions to its ground force in Europe this year but will send considerable more air power to help meet the immediate goals set up at the Lisbon session of the North Atlantic Treaty Organizations (NATO). In outlining the part the United States would have under the NATO master plan, Defense Secretary Lovett also tried to clear up confusion arising irom the phrasing of an official summary of the meeting which he attended. The summary issued at Lisbon produced the widespread impression that by the end of this year—only ten months hence—the Western European Defense Command of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower would have 50 battle-ready divisions or about 20 more than previously expected. Lovett told a Pentagon news conference yesterday that this idea was The plan, he said, is to have something more than half of that number fully combat-ready, their manpower and weapons complete, ready to go into action at an instant's notice. The other would be of the reserve system generally used in Europe—with major combat equipment, transportation and supply systems ready but without all the manpower needed for combat- readiness. 18 Airmen Parachute To Safety In Blizzard Austria Treaty Plan Prepared Russell Ready To Make Race For President Sources Expect Official Bid This Afternoon; Ike Aid Testimony Sought WASHINGTON — (/P) — Senator Richard B. Russell of Georgia announced today he will seek the Democratic nomination for President. WASHINGTON — W) — Senator Russell (D-Ga) was reported ready today to announce he will be a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination. A number of influential southern Democrats have been urging that Russell get into the race. Their Idea is that if President Truman runs again they would have their own candidate they could support wholeheartedly. wfiile there was no Immediate word from Russell after a morning conference -with a Georgia delegation, friends were saying the senator would make known his Intentions at a news conference callec for this afternoon. They said Russel would agree to run because he feels he "just can't let down his besl political friends." The Georgia group handed Russel a resolution adopted Monday by the Georgia State Democratic Committee, it said: "We need a man who will in law and in fact be President of the United States sf America." In another development bearing on the presidential campaign, Senator Sparkinan (D-Ala) said today he hopes the Senate Foreign Relations Committee will ask Gen Dwight D.. Eisenhower to return from Europe soon to testify on U.S aid to North Atlantic treaty nations. Sen. Brewster (R-Me), who supporting Sen. Taft of Ohio for the Republican presidential nomination, Plans To Be Bared After Florida Trip No Commitment Made; AJaska, Hawaii State Fight Still On, He Says WASHINGTON— (ip) — President Truman said today h« won't announce whether he will seek reelection until after he returns from a trip to Key West, Fla. In a news conference exchange with reporters, Truman did not commit himself to an announcement on his return but knocked down speculation that he might make known his plans while at Key West. The President is leaving on Friday of next week for the naval submarine station in Florida. He is expected back in time for a speech in Washington to the $100-a-plate Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner March 29. Truman turned aside questions from reporters as to whether he might make the dinner an occasion for announcing his political intentions. A reporter asked Truman whether he would be happy to see Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois get th» Democratic nomination for President. In reply, the President said only that Stevenson is a very able man, one of the ablest, and has made one of the best governors Illinois ever had. That in itself, he said, Is a good recommendation. Mr. Truman said the fight is still on for statehood for both Alaska and Hawaii. He told his news conference that when he starts anything he never gives up until the last dog dies. Mr. Truman has repeatedly urged that the two territories be admitted, to the union. Vole Shelves BUI The Senate voted 45 to 44 yesterday to send the Alaska statehood bill back to committee, thereby shelving it. Mr. Truman expressed hope that the Senate reconsider its action. He conferred on the matter earlier in the day with Senator O'Mahoney (D-Wyo). He said they discussed the possibility of Senate reconsideration and said O'Mahoney is working on that. O'Mahoney told reporters lie will flght any attempt to sidetrack the Hawaii statehood bill. Senator McParland of Arizona, the Democratic leader, has moved to take up a controversial bill dealing with control over oil lands beneath the marginal seas, in advance of action on Hawaii statehood. Names Hartley To FCC The President announced he is appointing Robert T. Hartley or Bonham, Tex., a nephew of House Speaker Sam Rayburn, to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). There is a vacancy on the FCC. which supervises radio and television among other things, due to the resignation of Wayne Coy. The job pays $15,000 a year. He^lso said he Is promoting Paul Walker to the chairmanship of the commission. Walker is now vice chairman. Mr. Truman said today he hasn't made any progress in his search for a man to appoint as ambassador to the Vatican. He disclosed he was among the first to know of House Speaker Rayburn's suddenly announced ban on TV and radio coverage of House committee hearings. The President didn't say however, whether ho endorsed the ban. He limited himself to saying at his news conference that when he was | a senator and conducted hearings is at the capitol. he didn't make sideshows of them. He added that ''. Is up to Con- u j-_, ,,. i,_. , r ' ib'ress, not, to him, to say how hear- he didnt think his return |ings snou]d bc conduc ted. at this time could be "divorced from; the presidential political picture." Duke Sails For Home SOUTHAMPTON, Eng.—(INS) — The Duke of Windsor sailed from Southampton for New York aboard the Liner Queen Elizabeth today. Maybe They'll Eat 'Em MIAMI. Fla.—f/p>—Victor Cascarano told police today that ha thinks the loot taken from his homo last night will come back. He said thieves took 22 homing pigeons, worth $220. Detective Posing As Criminal : Exposes Plot To Smuggle Gold don't have Nov. 1, 1950 The 37-year-old Collazo was' Vienna, Austria—(VP)—The United States, Britain and France jointly j announced today they are exam ining new proposals to Russia for j peace treaty with Austria. SYDNEY, Australia — MP)_ Eigh-1 crash site, before he ordered every-j This move possibly may be design- teen men—17 of them making their|One into parachutes. Jed to get a clear idea whether the i hardened ex-convict was credited : In jail. SpauJinp agreed to in- flrst leap from an airplane—safely ' UoStaf[ Sgt ' R ' Redin P er ' of Cham-[Kremlin intends to start a war in! today with exposing a lantastic plot'traduce Borders to Lord! who he BEVERLY HILLS, Calif.-W)_A[oul of Lord's house. Spaulding told police detective wlio posed a-s a : the tale of : charged with murder although it: bailed out of a U. S. Air Force trans- "We'll have more definite infor-jwas determined that the bullet that:P o - r t early today, moments before it i ation on its success after about'killed White House Guard Leslie | crashed in a blindiiur blizzard. Only'quick vent polo six months. By September we:Coffelt came from the gun of Gris-ithree men were injured, none seri- Smce that time no polio case has j should know if our tests helped.; elio Torresola, Collazo's companion.'ously. ^.. c. Frost has a history which usually [ Torresola was shot to death when I The plane, a C-47 enroute from results in polio cases during August; presidential guards opened fire on Westover, Mass., to its base at Torand September. If none occur tfiis ; the Puerto Ricans. Collazo was bay, Newfoundland, crashed in un- year wejjan^be led _ to believe the j wounded during the assault. So were' inhabited territory along the Syd- two othej . white House g uar d s . ' ney Rivcr? on the outsets O f this previous jumping experience, The announcement of t,he three i gold" from Mexico in an armed been reported in Frost. Seven months ago seven of Navarro county's 12 polio cases were in the Frost area. Reporting this today, doctors who made the experiment were careful not to claim the experiment had yet proved anything. Dr. Herbert E. Hipps of W?co ftrrt »dvanced the idea, saying only experiment was worthwhile. , e Dr. Hipps said his theory is based! Today's action still leaves Collazo industrial center. It had carried i similarity between rabies and | two chances to escape the electric polio, both of which he believes are i chair. The Supreme Com could vet: crew of The pilot had made 20 attempts! looking for "tough, rough, do a job. Borcier.s "joined" . . . . : and R0t , details of r,h« jstep toward proposing to Russia! Detective Sergeant Ray Borders, robberies H" was also told of clans The escape door jammed for a:that the four powers sign an ab-,who through a ruse won the con-'to rob three diamond salesmen of moment, but broke loose when the, ore via ted treaty that, would pull ali I ficicnce of the Ran? planning the $600.000 in Rcms to finance the cold men Heaved against it the second j foreign troops out of Austria and I deal and then sprung a trap that'purchase deal tiT L e - . . ,„„ 'give the country its freedom, led to arrests, said it happened this \ Booked on 'suspicion of robbery The jump was made at 3.000 feet. | Prolonged negotiations on a: way: 'along with Spauidins and Lord were When the last man leaped . into j treaty were oroken off in London I Three jewel robberies directed sus-'Lee Moore 24 and David Button the darkness, swirling snow and * 14 months ago. j picion toward Robert Lord III, 33.123.'the latter arrested Wl th his wife , the plane had I Today's declarations sought to pin : an importer, because he was known ! in Las Vegas Nev Semor Ro'hen' gas supply left.jdown blame for the present stale- | to all the victims. His house was put: bun;, '46, was accused" of rcc&ivin* HV.HV,, uom uj wiiii-ii lie ueuuves are ciiair. me supreme UOi:rt COUia vet: Trip nilot. nun mariA 7n atfamnte I A;I IB r**n «•„,.,» r™,^* ...<»*, _ :„ i j ,, , ' «»•.- «••.> K>-« ""••,, -",, wn.i aui;i;.-,cu in receiving ±i?'sr «" •— «"• =-j£"»«'»- "«-<-'»..«^^±T^«™:^'£ ss sr «.??is ssrss sr^r ZSFSSZZIX -ziy^. =rj- ,r-*? "»*? nervous system. lident could commute the sentence., nsy Airport, eight miles from thej police and reserve army troops. ( or a 1943 agreement which pledged fleers arrested Glen Spaulding, 23, ! 23, accused of lending his car for a free and independent Austria. 'who has a police record, as he came;one of the robberies.
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