Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on January 31, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 31, 1939
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TUESDAY MID-NIGHT DEADLINE TO PAY POLL TAX " r "M Twice-A-Week Visitor The Semi-Weekly Morning Light carrlei local, state and world aew» into thousands of rural homes In Navarro and surrounding counties twice each week. Every worthwhile Item of news from every point Is thoroughly covered. Fifty Yean of Senrlc* The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has bean an outstanding progressive newspaper, working for the advancement of the rural communities of Navarro and adjacent counties fpr more than fifty years. Ita success Is oound up with the growth of Rural life. FU^L LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE Ltt CORSICANA, TEXAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 31, 1939. NO. 129. SENATETURNED COLLINS DOWN ® © © © © © © © © HITLER IN WARNING WESTERN POWERS |f ILL TOLERATE NO '* ATTEMPTS INTERFERE A BY OTHER PARTIES RIGHT OF SELFDETERMINA- TION ESTABLISHED AS RESULT OUTSIDE PRESSURE BERLIN, Jan. 30. ' Hitler today warned '^western • powers against interfering '"in matters con- kerning us alone with the purpose of preventing natural and sensible solutions." He declared to a swollen Reichstag that Germany, In establishing the "right of self determination" in Austria and Czecho-Slovakia, had "only defended itself against attempts' of Interfering third parties," and added: "I need not assure you that in the future also we shall tolerate no attempts at Interference in matters concerning us alone with the purpose of preventing natural and sensible solutions." In his address, in celebration of the sixth anniversary of Nazi rule, Hitler launched a bitter attack on Bolshevism and hailed the success of insurgents in 'Spain as another "valiant defeat . of the newest universal attempt •to destroy the ;European cultured world." In the glittering Reichstag as- itb'4>"ln th* •Krsil- opera house Hitler spoke were two "little _ ehrers"—Konrad Henelein, the '^Sudeten German leader, and Arf .thur Seysz-Inquart, the Austrian \ •. Nazi leader who summoned the fGerman army to "rescue" that country last March. Also there was Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, the German financial wizard, who was dismissed as Reichsbank president on January 20. As minister without portfolio, he sat next to Dr. Walther Funk, • his successor,. among the cabinet members on the rostrum. Just before the Fuehrer stepped forward to deliver the speech for which a rearming world waited tensely tho Reichstag of 855 brown-shirted deputies went , through the formality of organ- 0 Izlnp. Field Marshal General Hermann Wllhelm Goerlng opened the session and then called on Interior •Minister Wilhelm Frlck, who proposed re-election of Goerlng as > I Reichstag president. A standing vote approved the motion. • The Reichstag also prolonged See HITLER. Page~7 Three Deaths In Widely Scattered Storms in South NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 30.—</P>.Three deaths, one' each in Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee, •were listed today as the toll of (wind and thunderstorms which .lashed widely separated sections of the South yesterday. Charles Butler, 65-year old farm- ir, died of Internal and head in- urles after a squall struck his . lomo near Kllbourne in the northeast • corner of Louisiana. Mrs. Corrln Wlllard, 47, of Etta, Miss., was killed and five mem- .bers of her family injured when a high wind demolished their tarm home. Mrs. Gay Abies, wife of a Fayetteville, Tenn., farmer, was killed by: lightning during a severe rainstorm. FIRE SUNDAY NIGHT CAUSES HEAVY LOSS BUSINESSWSTRICT PACE GROCERY CO. BUILDING DESTROYED BY FLAMES OF UNDETERMINED ORIGIN Fire of undetermined origin starting in the Pace Grocery Company building in the 100 block on West Seventh and spreading to the_ E r w i n - Beasley Grocery] Company quarters adjoining resulted in loss and damage estimated by fire department officials at $65,000 early Sunday night. It was the largest fire loss since the McKle building was destroyed in 1935. The blaze was discovered about 9:20 p. m., and was then breaking out the front and back of the building and through the root, and a high north wind aided the spread of the flames and also scattered sparks and embers for long distances to the south and southeast. Ten high phessure lines were directed against the flames but they were not controlled until about three hours later, and another hour and a halt was required to knock out the major portion of the fire. Firemen were recalled to the scene at intervals ^'during the remainder of the night and -RU day Monday to extinguish siTuiJ blt«fees 'started by smoluer- ing embers/ , ri , Despite the chill wind a large crowd soon gathered to watch 1 the spectacular blaze and many remained until the fire was brought under control well after midnight. Fire department officials said Erwln-Beasley representatives listed their loss in excess of $25,000 with only $11,000 insurance. No exact figures had been secured from the Pace firm, but the loss was estimated well in excess of See FIRE, Page 7 FEDERAL JUDGE IS CHARGED RECEIVING LOANS WE SIS LITIGANTS IN HIS COURT FAIL GET THEIR MONEY BACK IS CHARGE NEW YORK, Jan 30.— (IP)— A double-barreled Investigation was under way today into the record of Judge Martin T. Manton of the U. S. circuit court of appeals In the wake of charges by District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey that the high-ranking jurist had accepted more than $400,000 from litigants. In a letter to Rep. Hattos W. Sumners, chairman of the house judiciary committee, Dewey listed six loans totaling $439,841 which he said had been paid since 1932 to Judge Manton or corporations owned and controlled by him, The money—most of it never repaid—was advanced by individuals or concerns acting for parties Interested in matters andled by the appeals court, Dowey said. Four of the six transactions, he added, involved litigants whose cases before the court later were won "If, upon the foregoing facts, tho house of representatives should Sao MANTON, Page 7 FIRST PICTURE OF CHILE EARTHQUAKE f?. IMPORTANT WITNESS IN HINES ; - TRIAL, ONE-TIME TRIGGER MAN OF GANGLAND, KILLS HIMSELF NEW YORK, Jan. 30.—i. The spectre of George Weinberg, ailing and fearful one-time gangland "strong-arm" who killed himself yesterday, lingered today over AHhe policy racket trial of Tarn•'many District Leader James J. Hines. ' District Attorney Tl.omas B. Dewey announced Weinberg, on Whoso shifty testimony he leaned /in the miscarried first trial of ines, still was a witness in the icbn'd arid that the long tran- icrlpt of his testimony, although [vitar veracity was doubted by the •jjudge himself, will be read by an /assistant prosecutor. The' ndmltted perjurer and gull-pleading state's witness against :tnea was on the stand three and half days. Weinberg: was a brother of Bo 'elnjberg, whose body—he and the f gangland believe 4—was on- to the East river as a token of underworld displeasure. Fear of a- similar fats for himself, his cronies believed, or a severe stomach ailnunt, In the opinion ' of Dewey, drove him to snatch up a pistol from a Dewey investigator's coat and shoot himself through the head. The shooting took place at the pretentious hideaway In suburban White Plains which Dewey had rented, also sanctuary for Weinberg, J. Rich (Dixie) Davis, onetime kid mouthpiece for the no- •torioua Dutch Schultz gang which Hlnes Is accused of protecting t-r pay, and big Harry Schoenhaus, another Schultz henchman. They were held ,ln "protective custody " All three pleaded guilty {o charges •' similar to those against HInea— conspiracy and contriving a lottery In . the multl-milllon- . dollar Harlem numbers game-7 concrete and dripped in-and turne^ evdenca agai B «{ This picture, flown from Concepclon, Chile, to Buenos Aires and sent thence by radio to New York, shows a deserted, debrls.strewn Concepclon street following the earthquake Tuesday night in which between 25,008 and 30,000 persons are believed to have perished In an area 18,760 square miles In Southern Chile. This is the first earthquake picture to arrive In the United States. ADMINISTRATION AND OLD AGE PENSIONERS NEARINGJTRUGGLE OBJECTIVE "BOTH SIDES is SAME BUT APPROACH IS VASTLY DIFFERENT By JOHN M. mGHTOWER WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.—(ff)— The Roosevelt administiatlon and proponents of old age pensions rapidly art- approaching a hand- to-hand struggle In congress. The first encounter will bo In hearings of the house ways and means committee, beginning Wednesday. Administration advocates of the social security s> ;tem and the pension proponents have been promised full opportunity to express their views. Both groups are soe'ilng the same end Insofar as' the nation's old people are concerned; they want to assure the aged of a llv- ible income when productive years are over. ' But the methods and the incidental results they hope to accomplish are vastly different. President Roosevelt and other social security backers envision security for the aged as one part of. a comprehensive program for bringing security to all the people. The problem, they contend, covers not only the aged, but also their dependents, Idle workers and their dependents, disabled workers and widows and their children, ' A good part of the administration program already has been put into law. Approximately 40,000,000 persons hold old age Insurance cards; millions of workers are covered by unemployment compensation and most of the states are receiving federal aid to help them care for dependent chll- drn, widowed mothers, the blind and the needy aged. Want Law Extended. But friends of tho social security law want to extend it further. Consequently the social security board and President Roosevelt have asked congress to give unemployment and old age Insurance to millions more workers, step up the beginning of old age Insurance payments to 1040, provide for larged payments In the earlier years, and insure workers and their families against insecurity resulting from sickness, lnj..ry or death, The social security system was born amid a-great clamor .for old age pensions, and now that its revision la being discussed, pen- along advocates are pressing their recommendations with Increased vigor 2- FOURTEEN PRIVATE POWER COMPANIES LOSEJTVA SUIT SUPREME COURT RULED CONCERNS HAVE NO RIGHT BE FREE OF COMPETITION WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.—</P>— The supreme court ruled today that fourteen private power companies had no legal right to challenge the government's gigantic Tennessee Valley Authority power program. In a decision delivered by Jus- live Roberts, the tribunal held the utilities had "no right to be free of competition." "In no aspect of tho case have the appellants standing to maintain the suit," Justice Roberta asserted. Justices Butler and McReynolds dissented to the five to two decision, contending it "goes too 'far," The opinion gave the government a go-ahead sign for continued construction of a series of dams in the Tennessee Valley and for sale of surplus power produced. John Lord O'Brien, who participated In the TVA arument for the government as a special assistant to the attorney general, said: "The TVA'decision puts national control of resources on a very firm footing." The high court affirmed a de- See TVA CASE, Page 2 MORE EARTHQUAKE SHOCKS IN CHILE; PANIC ^REPORTED DECLARED QUAKE OF LAST WEEK CAUSED DEATH BETWEEN 25,000-30,000 SANTIAGO, Chile, Jan. 30.—W —New panic was reported today among survivors of Chile's disastrous earthquake after more shocks, described as "very strong," In the'same region where between 25,000 and 30.000 already had died. The new temblors, lasting more than two minutes, rocked Chilian and Concepclon and spreading terror among the homeless sleeping In the public plaza at Chilian. Some sources said the new shocks were almost as strong as thosa last Tuesday which detroy- ed Chilian' and left an estimated 15,000 dead among the city's 40,000 population. There was little property left to be damaged, how^ ever. At Concepclon, several more walls caved In. Tho earthquake climaxed repeated, less severe shocks yesterday in the quake area 250 miles south of here. The government, alarmed by the Increasingly difficult situation, called congress into extraordinary session today to consider relief measures. Informed sources Se» QUAKE. Page 2 ADMINISTRATION LEADERS AND ECONOMY ADVOCATES DISAGREE ON SIGNIFICANCE WPA ACTION WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.—</P>— Administration leaders and economy advocates were divided today on the political and legislative slg- niflance of tho congressional revolt which cut down the president's relief recommendation, _ , Several anti-administration senators declared the $150,000,000 slash approved by both house and senate had widened the cleavage between Democratic factions and would assure at least a bitter fight on future spending proposals, On the other hand, New Deal stalwarts contended the action was without far-reaching significance. ' They declared It could not be taken as a rebuff to the White House or an Indication of what congress might c|o throughout the next two years, , The senate late Saturday approved the relief measure, carry.- lag- a $725,000,000 appropriation-to finance WPA operations from Fob. 7 to June 30. Mr. Roosevelt had asked $875,000,000. The bill now goes back to the house, which was expected to disagree with senate removal of a 26 per cent limitation on WPA pay differentials and imposition of a new set of restrictions on WPA political activity, Disagreements will place the bill before a joint committee of representatives and senators for compromise, The senate accepted a proposal by Senator Hatch (D-NM) to make it Illegal for anyone to give or withhold WPA Jobs for political purposes. It also would prohibit political activity by WPA administrative offices and would ban solicitation of political funds from WPA workers. Another amendment adopted See REVOLT, 2 RANKIN DECLARES POWER INTERESTS SEEOLOCK DAM MISSISSIPPI SOLON DISCUSSES DENISON DAM CONTROVERSY IN STATEMENT WASHINGTON, Jan. 30'.—</P>— Representative Rankln (D-Mlss) leader of a house bloc favoring public ownership of water power in connection with flood control dams, said last night private power interests were endeavoring to prevent construction of the • Denl- aon dam on the Red river. In a statement referring to Vermont's controversy with the federal government over states rights, which grow out of the administration's flood control program for Now England, Ran kin asserted that In opposing the dam between Oklahoma and Texas private power interests had shifted their, attack to Oklahoma. Rankln's statement: "In Us frantic efforts to destroy the benefits this administration has brought to the electric consumers of America and to prevent tho further spread of thosa benefits, the power trust fascist! has shifted itcs attack to the 'western front." "It has shifted from Vermont to Oklahoma, "Having caused the governor of Vermont to render himself more or leas ridiculous it is now attempting to make a catspaw out of the governor of Oklahoma in its efforts to block the administration's flood control program in that state." Phillips Hns Objected. (Governor Phillips of Oklahoma has objected to construction of the Denison dam partly on tho ground tho reservoir created would flood many acres of valuable lands in Oklahoma and increase taxes on the land that remained above water In the counties flooded,) Rankln, saying he would ad- Sen "DAM^PROJECT^"'page 7 Navarro County Cotton Ginnings 52,957 Bales There were 52,957 bales of the 1938 cotton crop ginned in Navarro county prior to January 16, as compared with 71,047 at the same time last year, according to figures released Monday by The United •States- bureau.of agriculture, TAX COMMISSIONER OFFICE ABOLISHED BY SENATE MONDAY SENATOR HILITSAYS O'DANIEL HAS REPUDIATED HIS PLATFORM AUSTIN,~Jan. 30.—W— The senate unanimously passed today a bill abolishing the office of state tax commissioner. The vote of 28 to 0 elose- ly followed a speech by Senator Joe Hill of Henderson who charged Governor W. Lee O'Danlel had "repudiated his platform the day after he was Inaugurated" and had "pussyfooted on big issues." Hill was speaking on the bill. Hill urged passage of the bill, asserting Elster M. Halle of Hereford, the governor's recent choice for the office, had no qualifications or experience. His attack Included a general criticism of O'Danlel policies. "I voted for Governor O'Dan- lel and I've had no personal difference with that gentleman," Hill said. "But I dont like tho way he's backed out on his promises by means of which he secured a ma- lorlty of votes. I dpnt like the .way h&' Is 'pUBsy-footlng on big 'Issues, I don't like the way he told people he opposed a sales tax and then proposed a monumental sales tax, exceeded only by that which Dr. Townsend proposes. He charged O'Danlel "repudiated his platform the day after ho was Inaugurated" and that the chief executive "embezzled 600,000 votes.' His attack also Included men-, tion of the governor's radio See TAX OFFICE, Page 7 SCORCHING ATTACK ON TAX DODGERS BY GOVERNORO'DANIEL DEFENSE OF TRANSACTION TAX PROPOSAL ALSO MADE BY GOVERNOR AUSTIN, Jan. 30—</P>—A scorching attack on "tax-dodging professional politicians" coupled with a defense of his transaction tax pension proposal by Gov. W. Lee O'- Danlel stirred capital circles today. Abandoning a "llght-on-politlcs" attitude, tho governor spent the major portion of his regular Sunday morning "fireside" radio program yesterday flaying his unnamed critics and appealing for support of his plan. Governor O'Danlel complimented the legislature highly, asserted his program was making "definite progress," denied what ho said wns a rumor he would resign, declared "thousands" were with him, urged tho people to pay their poll taxes and maintained ha and tho legislature wore "honestly attempting to solve this (pension-tax) problem." See O'DANIEL, Page 2 CLOSE FRIEND OF O'DANIEL REJECTED FOR NOWAY PLACE CARR P. COLLINS OF DALLAS REFUSED CONFIRMATION; ONE OFFICE ABOLISHED AUSTIN, Jan. 30.—W— The senate of Texas turned thumbs down today on an attempt of Governor W. Lea O'Daniel to appoint Carr Collins of Dallas, one of hi$ closest friends and advisors, to the important chairmanship of the state highway commission. It was the first action by tha powerful upper branch of tha legislature deliberately opposing a policy of tho man who was swept to the governorship last summer by an unprecedented deluge of votes, "Geography" was suggested by. persons familiar with the situation as the chief reason for tha senate's refusal In executive session to confirm Governor O'Dan- id's appointment of Collins. Collins residence Is also the part-time home of Harry Hlnes, another commissioner, and opponents of confirmation were said to have a determined stand tot, upholding the custom of having 1 highway commissioners represent-ed .different sections of the,.«,tate«.. . Shortly before it acted on Col' . llns, the senate, In surprisingly 1 " swift action, voted unanimously to abolish the office of state tax commissioner, to which O'Danlel had appointed Elster M. Halle of Hereford, a long-time friend. Also Wanted Abolish Office. The governor commented, however, he also had wanted to abolish tho office In tho interest of government efficiency and economy and had appointed Halla with the understanding Halle would help the move for abolition. Both actions followed a slashing attack by Senator Joe Hill of Henderson on the governor's policies in general, Including O'Danlel's broadcasts to the people on Sunday mornings from the governor's mansion. In a broadcast yesterday O'Dan- lel had bitterly attacked tax dodgers and "professional politicians," and defended his plan to levy a transactions tax estimated to yield $45,000,000 to $200,000,000 annually to support social security in Texas and straighten out state financial problems. Fight on Kunschlk. Another fight • on an O'Danlel appointment also has been launch- See Boys and Girls Of Other States Appear Smarter AUSTIN, Jan. 30,—(/P)—Are oilier states' hoyg and girls smarter than Texas' own? Tho University of Texan' office reported today a. comparison showed out-of-Btate freshmen nindo hotter grades than Texas freshmen. Tho report said the score of all freshmen was 28.7. Texas freshmen, totaling 1,041, made iin nverujfo of 28.0 while 174 first-year stu<lont« from other states averaged 28.0. NATION EAGER TO STAMP OUT INFANTILE PARALYSIS AIDED PRESIDENT ON 57TH BIRTHDAY WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.—W}—A nation eager to stamp out infantile paralysis helped President Roosevelt celebrate his fifty-seventh birthday anniversary today.. Dimes poured Into tho White House from every part of the nation, while movie and Btago stars gathered in the capital and other cities to appear nt birthday balls where millions will clanco tonight that others may walk. Mrs. Roosevelt Invited .ore than a dozen movio celebrities to a White House luncheon. Tonlti'it she will meet them again as sho briefly visits each of seven balls in capital hotels The president will have the vis- flung activities sponsored In his broadcasts to the natlo-.i at 10:32 p.m. (GST) his thanks for tho far- flung acticltles sponsored in his name for aiding paralysis victims. His talk will be broadcast over three major networks (Columbia, National and Mutual), Among tho actors hero for t o celebration are George Brent, Errol Flynn, Louise Ralner, LIU oa- mlta, Bruce Cabot, Ralph Bellamy, Frank Fay, Jean HrrshoU, Eleanor Powell, Annabella, Mltzle Green and Andrea Le'ds. Before tho broacast, t.'io president will dine with a group of close friends and adviser?. Climax of tho evening's prograi.i will bo a "gold plate breakfast" served at tho Carlton Hotel at $20 a pinto. Mrs. Roosevelt Is expected to attend. Congress Doings By tho Associated Press Today. Senate In recess. House decides whether to accept senate amendments to $725,000,000 relief bill (11 a. m. CST.) House appropriations subcommittee starts hearings on $50,000,000 emergency aviation Item (0:30 a. m.) Senate military committee dU- cusses CAA co-operation with, army air force •xpaniioa (9 p. m,), •'I*

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