The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas on January 11, 1954 · Page 10
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The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas · Page 10

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Monday, January 11, 1954
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Page 10
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PAGE 10 — THE BAYTOWN SUN, MONDAY, JANUARY II. 1954 Blast Out Secrets NEW U.S. ATOM SMASHER 10 TIMES MORE POWERFUL By JOSEPH L. MYLER WASHINGTON-, Jan. 11 - flPl- The" government announced Monday^it .will build ••" a revolutionary new atom ' smasher ~ 10 -times more vaowerfui than any now .ex- isting''—' with which to. blast new secrets out of the heart of mailer. The liew machine will drive protons Ihydrogen nuclei) at energies uja ,tp 25 billion'electron'volts. It ' •wiilarbe • completed in five to six years at the Atomic Energy Commission's, Brookhaven iJJ.Y.) National Laboratory, With it, scientists hope to plumb deeper ..than ever- before into the .infinitesimal ; hearts of atoms and discover secrets thus far success- ftilh piotected bv the atom's "ast nuclear foices What the" find conceiv ablj could open biand new avenues to exploitation by man of atomic energ\ The ne\v machine will be a neighbor of Brookha\en's Cosmo^tion the most powerful "p<«iJcl« accelerator' now in operation The Cosmotron has dm en protons at enencs of 2 3 billion electron volt 1 ? The proton "racetrack" of the new atoms, smashers will be 700 feet in dianietci enclosing a space an which a couple of football fields could be comfortdbh accommodated Its name is "Tne Alternating Giadient S>nchrntron' 1 and it will cost S20 million. The new machine is possible because scientist-; a few years back hit on a way of stepping up the "kick" which could b e impaited with a given amount of magnetic power IQ atomic particles used as projectiles. Strong alternating magnetic fields are used to focus piotons into relatuelv tin beams which can be shipped, around the racetrack with smaller electromagnets than otherwise would be necessarj The new accelerator, though moie than 10 times as powerful. uiU have onh 500 hundied moie tons of steel than the Cosmotron An' atom smasher based on.sim- ilar principles will be built by a dozen associated.European nations at Geneva, Switzerland, The new most powerful particle accelerator now : in the works is a Betatron under construction at the University of California Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley, Calif This machine now pietty well along. will Tjush particles into the five to seven billion \olt lange Not until the new Biookha\en smasher is woikin? howevei will man be able to approach m the laboratory the fantastic energies developed by cosmic rays. These particles from Witer space occasionally hit energy peaks in the quadrillions of electron volts. Cosmic ray study already has revealed to science an ever-growing list of atomic particles, among them the mysterious mesons which may be the "glue" that keeps nuclear forces confined. Depri'.ed of this glue whatever it niay be. all matter—including the paper on which this appears— would explode'like'an atomic bomb. Even though' • man ..is making atomic and hydrogen -bombs, he still knows little about thp natuie of the forces mvohed. And though science has delected loughlv a score of atomic pai tides, it does not understand the roles they play or how they fit .into the strucurte of the nucleus. The powerful new tool to be built at Brookhaven may supply that understanding. If it does.it will give mankind a big, boost, toward complete conquest of the'atom. Plan For Progressive Tax Cut Is Proposed HIL LQSOPHY AVOIDED BY OOtNtS NOTHING, SWING A/OT///M3- AND li* ^ J "Doing nothiiiR about your insurance »ill not IIP))) jou «licn you have « loss. The llmu to •worry is. before. \\'e uill be E'»d to iliscubs jour insurance needs with 3 ou at nil times,. INSURANCE AGiNCY 102 WOODS BLD&. BAYTOWN.TEX. WASHINGTON Jan U —( A progi am of progiessivc federal tax.cuts based on reduced national cost was proposed Monday by the Committee for Economic Development. The non-profit research organization's plan is similar in sonjc respects to tax suggestions made .to Congress Thursday bv President Eisenhower'.. But it streed that all future fax rate "depend almost cntu eh on rational secunt\ needs. Like Mr Eisenhower, it said there must be tax reforms.to stimulate economic.growth while-maintaining a balanced budget.--'Biit-un- like the President, it said corporate - and excise tax reductions scheduled this April should not be delayed "if-that is consistent with maintaining a balanced, cash budget " It said,that taxes in-fiscal 1955. starting Julv 1 could be cut anoth- .er $2.5 billion — in addition to the cuts which took effect Jan 1 — if planned defense. cost .cuts. are carried out If business continues good and federal spending is furthei le- duced,-it foresaw another S10 million ta\ cut b> fiscal 1958 The,committee said it.-would give high prionlj, when Revenue needb permit, to. reductions .which.-would .increase the nation's economic Growth. In this bracket it included income taxes at.all levels and most excise levies. "Except for liquor tobacco ana gasoline " it said "W P can find no justification for selective excises " It called this method of taxation irrational and said "sales .taxation appeals to us k> be inferior to income taxation levied at rates that do not seriously -three tenen economic growth." The best way, it said, is/a progressive reduction of excises until all aie eliminated But it added that if this goal can not be achieved:within four or five years, "a general sales tax (at the retail level) could be enacted." It vigorously opposed a manufacturers' tax,: warning that such imposts can be pviamided and pose a senous but den on small business. Regarding the corporate 1 tax, it said that if uie reduction from 52 to 47 per cent scheduled in Apui. isn't logical, then it should be reduced to 50 per cent. 11 said the 52 per cent rate harms corporate investment and spending. •It sided with Mr. Eisenhower .in proposing moie libeial depiecia- .tion allowances for businessmen. It also assailed "double taxation of dividends, —- at the corporate and stockholders levels —• a topic the President did not .mention. The committee suggested;. Con- giess take a new look at the 2*5 per cent capital gams tax and give investors a bettci bieak in the investment field by. easing UD on the revenue loss in capital gains snles. OPEN SEVEN DAYS WEEKLY HAPPINESS IS EVIDENT on faces of those Germans, part of a group o£ 224 freed by the Russians, as they arrive in Herleshausen on way home to West Germany. They wear clothing given them •n the Russian prison camps in which they spent many years. • (Intentationalj Ike Behind //-Congress Expected To Okay Low-Cost Housing Program NLRB Log-Jam Should Be Broken Apart Now WASHINGTON, 'Jan.'11 -(IB—The' recent appointment of a tie-breaking fifth ' member ' to the National Labor Relations Board should enable it to proceed with a number of important labor law decisions. The board, it is known, had been postponing action on a bout'20-cases for lack of a fifth member to break what appeared to-be shaping up as a possible tie vote. A' number of the cases involve what Chairman Guy Farmer has described as "re-examinations" ot past NLRB interpretations of the Taft-Hartley law. Among the more important are policies on how much jurisdiction the NLHB will assert;.in the future .ini'secondary boycotts. The cases also .involve interpretations 'oCuact. , 've seen 'em oil and they just can't touch it! New 54 DODGE Now On Display! Tau'll a*t a wondtrful deal at your nearby Dodg* deaUr'i -..- The new member, Albert. Beeson-, San Jose, Calif.,; industrial relationi expert, • will give the •-• board: tliree Eisenhower-appointees and ^ w ° holdover Democrat-appointees. Beeson, a Republican and former director of thp. Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., San Jose, had the backing of Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Farmer, himself an Eisenhower appointee. The third man appointed by (he new administration is .Phil p Ray Rodgcrs. The holdovers are Ivar Peterson and former Sen. Abe Murdock of Utah. On the question of NLRB jurisdiction, -Farmer/has -stated publicly •that he believes the old NLRB "extended the hand of the government too far into small and essen- •tially local disputes." He would prefer to leave more of these cases .to the states. • . Labor unions in general are opposed to .the board's reducing its jurisdiction because of many state laws,-especially in the South, are tougher 1 on unions .than the Taft- Hartley law.. They also dislike the idea because national contracts are impaired when faced by a variety of state laws. Reflection NEW BRITAIN. Conn. Hfl — Three companies answered an emergency call from a housewife who said a nearby building;, was afire. While the firemen were en route, she called back to cancel the alarm. The "fire' 1 turned out to DC • a reflection on the window of the building from a nearby rubbish fire. ' ' WASHINGTON, Jan 11 —UP- Public housing Commissionei Charles E Slusser said Monday he is "optimistic" that Congress will appiove this year a continued low - cost,' government-subsidized housing piogram "With • President- Eisenhower's firm suppoit back qf it. ' he said in an inlemew, "Congiess will go along with it'' Slusser said hp based his forecast•'- on • conferences he has- held- with congressional .leaders during recent • weeks. ••• The commissioner said that although .many: congressmen 'still oppose the controversial pi ogi am, thej r e c o § n i 7 c the "need" to do something for the thousands of Americans- economically foiced to li^e in "shacks" and "pig siies " Slusscr;made no estimate on how many units of public housing he think'; Congress will appiove this year...He saidihe,.recommended 35,000. President- -Eisenhower's special housing advisory committee endorsed the principle of public housing, but did not -suggest the number, '.of .units. .That decision should "j^e- made, by" the ^administration .and Congress,' the commit- iee. said. . . ; , .-.','"' "We can handle. that number, Slusser" said of-'the 35,000 units- he recommended. "With that number we would not have to hunv to meet deadlines and we could do a bet f ei 30b of supervision " An ardent suppo'rter of public housing as a means, to. ; clean/up slums and help lehabilitate the people living jn them, Slusser said th e piogiam needs "no apology" He said it'meets.a "definite.need" foi those families witnout enough to pay for adequate, housing. He \igoiouslv denied that public housing :is :"creeping socialism" and cited the. late Sen. Robert A. Taft's role' in .creating the low-cost housing program.;;.He 'emphasized that the goveinment actujlh does not own or-build-any Of the public housing: units. .The projects.are.owned by.com- .munity housing"agencies: and- .are built by private fnrns The federal government's major-, commitment in the program is to subsidize the difference between the lent 1 ; charged and the- • projec.ting's operating costs It also piovides initial Joan guarantees- to. get the project started. Slusser said he personally would prefer'the federal' government "out of the housing .business, 1 ' 'But he said" the federal government has dried up so many sources.of taxation that state, and local governments cannot afford the programl • He said the government this year,is spending.$<lp million in sub- sidies for imits which house almost one million Americans He said this monev is "trifling" when considered against what it does for these people » 'It brings them out of the shacks thev were living in," he said and starts: them up the economic:,lad- dcr "It's sound economics " Slussei lecenth completed a 30,000 mile tun aiound the country to study the housing programs m various cities arid the slums that have vet to be cleared He said he saw families "living like rats' 1 in hovels'unfit even for animals. He said he noticed particularly the-children. In the slums they are "filthy and dirtj," he said But in the .public, housing units,' he saii the same children had an "air of cleanliness, — . there's a .sparkle about, them." .In-a.recent 1 . 1 speech to the annual conference of the .American Mu- •nicipal~AsspciaUoh.,at New.Orleans, Slusser,, nims_elf the /former mayor of Akron-, Ohio, outlined the ."cost" of slums — 45 per cent of major crimes.. 55 per cent of ...juvenile delinquency, GO per- cent of tubercu- losjs ^victims. A: city pavs X)ut 45 per,cent,of its budget .to. the .shims, and. gets back; only. G -per cent in real estate taxes,-he-said. ;, "The .only.money.that, comes out of slum'properties,"he said, "is that made from human misery." Russia's 'King Of Jazz' Is Back In Groove Tells Squares Not to Worry About 'Capitalist 1 Music By JACK MEEHAN LONDON. .Tan. 11 —an—Russia's "King " of GLAMOUR STARTS WITH YOUR EYES! Your eyes are looked at first... remembered longer than even your^hsi, clothes or shoes! :Take_adyantage of the glamour offered you by a wardrobe of smart, eye-fashion frames. Too, make sure your vision is up to par with t thorough, accurate eye-examination by TSO's skilled ..'' ' optometrists. Easy budger terms'. Pictured THE FLAMINGO' 2/ OfHOS THWWHOVT T£XA$ TO $£XVE YOU! Dir«cfcd By Dr. $; J. Rogers and Dr. N. Jay Rogers Optometrist* 305 W. TEXAS DIAL 7001 squares to get in the groove Saturday and start cutting some rugs without worrying whether the music is-"capitalist." Leonid Utyospv, Russia's beppest bandsman who never made the late Josef Stalin's-'hit parade, evidently has bopped back into favor, in the Soviet Union along with.his unex- pected.defense, of : iazz. .. He wrote a plea for the "capitalist" saxophone ; and syncopation in popular music.in thp. officially ^ap^ proved magainze- "Soviet music:" There-was no doubt that the theme was "dug" in advance by Premier Georgi M. Malenkov's new government, which : opened the Kremlin for rug-cutting ~by teen-agers -New Year's~Eve. . "We've'had .'enough" of this routine of conservatism," Utyosov announced for those Russians who in the past .have filled columns in Pravda with denunciations 'of young "deviationist" comrades who prefer zoot suits, to the baggy uniforms -of Communist youth, organizations.-. ....; : ... ', . Man, Utyosov said, it is even up o Soviet'''cats'-to.'.cool off and rescue the. jazz itraditipn. ..... : , "Contemporary American jazz, without, harmony, or melody, is the very-Quintessence "of crazy formalism." he wrote.' : -. '•" • •• "But while, we .emphatically condemn the. 'fat People's music' we must not 'think that,, all music;.performed .by a : Jazz band is necessarily bad."' .'.y ""• '.''.. . . Take for instance George Gershwin.-Jerome Kern "and sometimes the works of the,-'Negro Composer Duke ''Ellington;" he said. "W e are sick 'and tired of being told what kind of.music is good for .this or .that type. .Our -people want the Soviet people. All types of t o .ing and dance and laugh... urged Soviet music are good except the dull kind ~ ' and .that includes .light-music. ".It's no usa having • all these 1 . LUtlU JlH-J-L*V4Ua JJKilV JlHJ>i-»V-. ^ .' , ' , And let's have-no more -of- these ^cary .bureaucrats trying to. sub- pseudo-philosophic discussions of ject. human pleasures to 'govern- the ^usefulness' or 'uselessncss' of ment measures'." Cal Tech Prexy Devises Plan For Double Degrees • United Press Stuff Correspondent •PASADENA,. Calif., Jan. .11;IIP)-' The president of one of the country's top science schools has announced a plan .to make student scientists more .liberal arts-eon-. scious and liberal arts students better versed-in science. "'Dr. L. 'A. DuBridgc, president.of the California 'Institute of Tech-', nologj-, has devised a plan whereby a student, can spend a total of five years in college and walk out with both bachelor of science and bachelor of arts degrees. It works this .way. Young. mc:i from certain selected colleges thflt have approved the plan-can'spend three years at their school, taking art courses such as literature, history and" languages. After three years, and upon approval of their records, they can transfer to Cal Tech as juniors and spend two years studying sci- . once..' ' ."-'.'• . '"' ' •' • -- After five years they emerge with B.A. degrees from their original schools and a B.S. degree from Cal Tech. Schools already approved to participate in the 'plan lire Occidental- .College in i-os, Angeles, Pomona Collegei Clarempnt, Calif., and Whitman College, in Walla Walla, Wash. •''••• ' ' The faculty of Cal Tech voted to give the plan a trial. It is called a "3-2" program, similar to plans already in operation at other schools •in. other .fields, of study... . Dr. DuBrldge said that for the present the plan will be limited to not more' than five, institutions participating with Cal Tech. But "if, 'as expected, the. plan works out to the mutual-benefit of the students and 1 the colleges in the next few years, the number of participating institutions will be increased," DuBridge added. '.• If the "plan works,, the nation, will-have a whole new •breed of scientists equally at home in discussions of'nuclear reactors or Hamlet's .mother complex. Jfceille IlaznrO . CLKARWATER, Fin. — UP — dlaircftM.: Preston, : a- . registered nurse, filed-;suit here against the estate of one of her former patients., charging the patient bit her on the arm, when,-.she-tried to inject a hypodermic. - "• •'.'•-' • DEVELOPED by-North America, this "flying schoolroom" has a speed ot mo"r« than 650 miles an - hour, » combat 1 radius of «00 miles «nd a service ceiling ot 45,000 feet maximum. It is a two" pface version ot the Korea-famed F-S« Sabrejet with dual control* and a t us*lage five feet longer • Ihwi tlw fighter version. Provision has been made for installation of two .50 caliber machineguns • for |unn«ry practice. " " (fnternational Soundphoto) >. LtE DRIVE AT 710 WfcST MAiN MARKET ST. AT FOUR CORNERS WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITY SPECIALS FOP. MONDAY — TUESDAY — WEDNESDAY DARICRAFT MILK Tall Can 10 HILLSDALE, SLICED PINEAPPLE No. 2 Can 19 DIAMOND DEE OILET ISSUE 3 Rolls 19 Duncan's Admiration TEA '/4-Lb. 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