Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on January 27, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

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Friday, January 27, 1939
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Twice-A-Week VUitor lTh« Serai-Weekly Morning Light carrlei I local, itate and world newi Into thousands 'of rural homei In Navarro and turround- Ing counties twice each week. Every worthwhile Item of newi from every point U thoroughly covered. fl Home of the Daily Sun and Semi-Weekly Morning lightfl FU1L LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE Fifty Yeara of Service The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has been an outstanding . progressive newspaper, working for the advancement of the rural communities of Navtrrro and adjacent coun« ties for more than fifty years. Tta success If oound up with the growth of Rural Ufa, VOL. Ltt CORSICANA, TEXAS, FRIDAY. JANUARY 27. 1939. —TWELVE PAGES NO. 129. INSURGENTS TAKE BARCELONA ® ®. ® ® ® ® ® ® 12,000 MA Y BE DEAD IN CHILEAN Q VAKE RUIN AND TERROR PREADTHROUGHI LARGE PART NATION IK V/ •* • * »• • •* « »-!«»•• *r «* ^SPREAD THROUGHOUT ESTIMATE OF 12,000 DEAD i'CAME FROM AVIATORS WHO FLEW OVER THE REGIONS SANTIAGO, Chile, Jan 26.— (fP) —First government reports today gave more than 4,000 dead and the tp- talmay go above 12,000 in 'M$ earthquake that spread ruin and terror through central Chile Tuesday night. The government communique was the first official tabulation of the death and damage and It was far from complete. Estimates of 12,000 dead came from aviators who flew over the regions hardest hit, 250 miles south of Santiago In the heart ot the agricultural' belt; from refugees who came out by air and from amateur radio operators. The communique confirmed that the ancient city of Chilian, associated with early Chilean history, was destroyed. The tola dead there was put at between 3,000 and is 40,000. 4,000. The population I Selection Draws Fire "Sixty per cent" of Concepclon —known to tourists as the city of the perfumed plaza because of Its beautiful linden trees—was destroyed. The communique gave no estimate of dead among the population of 77,000 but aviators and a manufacturer who flew out agreed that 2,000 was a likely figure. Talca Badly Damaged. .f-iTalca, with a population of "S.OOO, sufiiroa he^'vy damage but nly five dead were Hated there. From more than a score of towns came reports of dead, of ....homes and jalla that collapsed, V JS of fire, or lack of water and '• light, and of food shortage. The quake was felt through a 450-mile strip from Valpariso. north of Santiago, south along the coast. The Concepcton-Talca-Chll- lan region, 250 miles south, was the most seriously affected. San Carlos suffered heavy damage and Longavl was nearly demolished, but from these and other towns death tabulations were lacking. To speed rescue operations, the government ordered the military to take over radio stations. Spcc- _ , la! trains, destroyers, plants, ~ trucks and merchant vessels sped to tho stricken region with doctors, nurses, food and medicine. A physician who flew over Chilian reported only five houses were left standing In tho 144 ^ I blocks comprising the main section of the southern rlty. "The main street a mile long See QUAKE, Page 12. Vigorous fight In the senate was projected by President Roosevelt when he named former Representative Thomas R. Amlle, "lame duck" Wisconsin Progressive, for the six-year, $10,000-a-year term on the interstate commerce commission. Amlle, 41, served three terms In tho house, and was one of tho extreme left wingers before his defeat In the senatorial primary last summer. He espoused such causes as a processing tax on Indutry and a constitutional amendment which would permit socialization of all forms of business en- ;4>i-priuo.' •':• -" SENATE FIGHT OVER AMLIE CONFIRMATION GROWS INTERESTING WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.— (ff}~ Thomas R. Amlle, new appointee to the Interstate Commerce commission, was said by his republican successor in the house today to be committed to "revolutionary changes In the government which would put us on a plane with a marxlan socialist government did he have his way." Stephen Bolles, who succeeded Amlle as representative from the first Wisconsin district, asserted In a house speech that Amlie, named for the commission Monday by President Roosevelt, was among other things for public ownership of railroads. See AMLIE, Page 7. RANDOLPH FIELD- f 'WEST POINT OF THE AIFT-NOT BOTHERED AS DEFENSE PLANS ARE DISCUSSED SENATE THURSDAY SET UP COMMITTEE FOR GENERAL PRODE NUMEROUS BILLS COVERING MANY SUBJECTS INTROUC- ~ ED IN THE HOUSE AUSTIN, ~Jan. 26.— (&)— The senate today set up a general investigating committee with broad powers to inquire into all phases of state government. It's makeup and functions were similar to those of a standing committee of the last senate which Investigated state affairs ranging from opera- lion of lower Colorado river authority dams In floods of last July to the leasing policies of tormer Land Commissioner William H. McDonald. The investigators were empowered to report their findings at the regular or any special session Lleut.-Gov Coke Stevenson will name the five members soon, he said. Over objections of Sen. Penrose Metcalf of San Angelo the upper chamber adopted permanent rules allowing Introduction of bills during the first 60 days ot the general session. The senate tabled Metcalf's proposed amendment to limit introduction to a flat 30 days. He contended the public would have a better opportunity to study proposed laws If their Introduction was cut off at the end of 30 days, pointing out that Emergency, measures could always be placed before the legislators. Bills permitting tho state board of education to set a higher per capita apportionment to the public schools than It has been able to do in the past were Introduced In the house by Rep. H. T. Brown of Jacksonville, chairman of the house education committee. The board- would determine the amount needed to keep schools unnlng at state expense for six months and the automatic tax ioard would be required to boost See LEGISLATURE, Page 9. SENATOR PEPPER URGES RESTORATION WPA FUND SLASH ADMINISTRATION SUPPORTERS IN STRONG DRIVE FOR ORIGINAL AMOUNT MARTIN FORMALLY SEVERS ALL TIES ';• 1THJOHN LEWIS LEGAL BATTLE OPENED TO RETAIN POST AS PRESIDENT OF AUTO WORKERS hand. That the army's school.' NEW YORK, Jan. 26.— (/P}— Formally severing all • ties with CIO Chairman John L. Lewis, his former mentor, Homer Martin opened a legal battle today to retain his post as president of the United Automobile Workers of America. Martin, who was "Impeached" recently by the same 15 UAW board members he "suspended" in a factional battle, resigned from the CIO's. executive board In a letter he made public yesterday terming Lewis a dictatorial "betrayer" of labor. His action followed recognition by' the CIO—through Vice President Philip Murray and Sidney Hlllman—of the 15 "suspended" members as the UAW ruling board and R. J. Thomas, Instead of Martin, as president. ' Martin disclosed he had retained two well known labor attorneys, Frank P. Walsh ot New York and Frank Munholland of 'Toledo, to represent him Saturday In a hearing In Detroit, They >will fight an Injunction -obtained 'by his opponents tying up expenditure of union funds and °dls- ' position uf union property, In 'his letter to Lewis, Martin accused the CIO chairman of trying to destroy' the auto union's autonomy and betraying the "prln- leei and policies of a democratic >or movement" by trying to be S wfe i.prae its personal dictator. See MARTIN, Pag* ». RANDOLPH FIELD, Jan. 28.— VP)—While the ' nation debates President Roosevelt's request for a gigantic defense program, unruffled Randolph Field—"West Point of the Air"—quietly keeps In attention riveted to the job at job—preparing young men for the long grind necessary to become • finished aviators—requires approximately 15.0 instructors for the three classes of approximately 844 men each who annually enter only air training The air corps training center Is composed of Randolph Field, home of the air corps primary flying school, and Kelly Field, where the air corps advanced flying school Is situated Eight mon hs of primary and 'basic training Is given at Randolph Feld, and four ol advanced work at Kelly Field. "All we know about the proposed defense program Is what we read In' the papers," says Col John Brooks,. commanding officer "We have no plans for expansion, and so far as we know, the program doesn't affect us. Maybe if it Is enacted Into law, It will.' Col. Brooks said Randolph Field was operating at about capacity "Our problem Is one of air 'space,' ho said. "We use outlying flying fields how and about the only way for, expansion would be for u« to take more outlying fields, am there aren't enough available. Most for Air Service' He said the army could, course, establish another training base elsewhere. President Roosevelt suggested to congress that a minimum o $525,000,000 was necessary to built up the defenses of the Unltei States, Most of the money woulc go toward developing \ 3 air ser vice. As a part of the plan, 20,00 civilian pilots would be trainee annually. .Money would be turnei Bee RANDOLPH FIELD, Page 7 WASHINGTON, Jan, 26.—VP)— Senator Pepper (D-Fla) told the senate today 750,000 persons certified for work relief jobs could not fet them even If congress added 150,000,000 to the proposed $725,000,000 relief appropriation. Pepper, an administration supporter, urged that tho senate vote an $875,000,000 appropriation—tho sum asked by President Roosevelt. The Florldan told the senate that the WPA "has never given employment to more than 27 per cent of the unemployed of the country who want a job and can't get a job." Senator Wagner (D-NY) submit ted a telegram from George 1'cany, president of the New York Federation of Labor, urging $875,000,000. "There can be little doubt that a WPA appropriation of $875,000,000, as recommended by the president, Is absolutely vital," Moany said. Senator Borah (R-Ida), ono of the few republicans expected to See CONGRESS, Page 9. Social Security To Be Explained Meeting Monday General and specific Information about the state and federal social security programs will be presented at the Institute to be held Monday evening,* January 30 at 8 o'clock under the sponsorship of the Kinsloe Clubhouse Association. Both employers and employees are invited to attend the Institute and participate in Its proceedings. Many of the provisions of the various acts have changes which occur from year to year and these will be explained In detail by a staff headed by Miss Margie E, .Ncal, former state sefr ator, now the educational repre sentatlve of the Informatlona Service Department of the Socia Security Board in Washington E. B. Freeman, federal representative In 1 charge -of the Tyler field office; and John W. Fain of Waco, district supervisor and ex amlner of the Texas Unemploy ment Compensation Commission. FRANCE AND BRITAIN TO TAKE NECESSARY STEPS AGAINST ITALY FOREIGN MINISTER BONNET ISSUES SOLEMN WARNING AGAINST AGGRESSION PARIS, Jan. 26.—OT— Premier Daladier announced today France and Britain had agreed to take "the necessary steps" to meet an Italian threat -if the fascist forces failed to leave Spain at the close of the civil wa,r. The Premier declared precautions already had been taken 'to protect French and British lines Of communications In the Mediterranean, where warships of thn two powers now are on training cruises. Previously Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet had given Italy a solemn warning to keep hands off the French colonial empire. The French leaders' declarations coincided with receipt of news of the fall of Barcelona to Spanish Insurgents and Italian troops, not far from France's southen border. "France cannot permit anyone to touch the empire she founded with her blood," Bonnet declared in the crowded, cheering chamber of deputies. His speech concluded two weeks of foreign affairs debate just after the government called 80,000 young men, six months ahead of schedule, for service during the coming months when Italy's demands for a share In the French empire -are expected to reach a climax. Tho foreign minister also delivered this Indirect warning to the See FRANCE, Page 7. INTENSIVE DRIVE IS PLANNED FOR AID OF CRIPPLEDJHILDREN CAMPAIGN LAUNCHED RAISE FUNDS TO COMBAT INFANTILE PARALYSIS Plans have been outlined at a series of meetings of interested citizens' of Navarro county for a campaign to raise money to combat infantile paralysis and treat children victimized by this disease, and other meetings will be held during .the week-end. This announcement was made Thursday morning by A. A. Allison, postmaster, who has accepted the chairmanship of this campaign. There will be 100 girls of Cor- slcana high school to take cards Friday afternoon and Saturday In tho "March of Dimes" campaign. Each card has places for ten dimes. If these cards are filled, it will be $100. The women teachers of the high school are selecting tho girls for this feature of the campaign. County Organizing- At a meeting held here Wednesday afternoon when Kerens, Richland, Rice, Blooming Grove, Frost, Barry and Dawson were represented, 100 dime cards and 1,000 buttons were distributed. Tho seven communities outside of Corslcana are organizing and will match tho amount raised In Cor- slcana. Postmaster Allison related Thursday that Mrs. J. H. Morton, Corslcana Route 2, a widow, purchased the first button In the campaign. She is, reported to have come to the post offiqe asking to buy ono of tho buttons. Postmaster Allison said one of Mrs. Morton's children had been the recipient of aid from the proceeds of previous'campaigns. ' The campaign chairman said he had received many endorsements See DRIVE, Page 7. SETS FASTEST RIDE ON RECORD Lloyd Child, chief test pilot of the Curttss aeroplane division of Curtlss-Wrlght, climbs into a Hawk 75A pursuit plane being constructed at Buffalo for Franco, in which he ms.de the fastest terminal velocity dive ever recorded—faster than B75 miles an hour. NATIONAL CQTTQN COUNCIL SET FOR FIGHTA1D STAPLE ADVERTISING AND EDUCATIONAL CAMPAIGN'KESTORE COTTON PLANNED structure. Definite DALLAS, Jan. 26.—(fl>)—Members of the brand-new National Cotton council moved homeward today, all set for a battle to keep King Cotton on his throne in the south. The council met for two days, choosing Oscar Johnston of Scott, Miss., for president and perfecting its strategy for an advertising and educational campaign to restore to cotton its unquestioned primacy In the south's economic objectives included: Expanding consumption of American cotton and cotton seed and ts products at h6me and abroad; supporting scientific research to develop new uses for cotton; supporting legislation to Increase consumption; modification of freight rates to give the cotton belt better rates, or rates allowing shipments on an equal status with other sections. The council which picked Memphis for Its permanent headquarters, planned to seek • a change of maritime shipping rates, and to study the advisability of getting more general federal aid to combat cotton Insects. • Beside Johnston officers chosen were Lamar Fleming of Houston, Daniel C. Roper of Hartsvllle, S. See COTTON, Page 9. • Houston Man Be Main Speaker At C. of C. Banquet Frank S. Carothers of Houston, recognized as one of the outstanding speakers of South Texas, will make the principal address at the annual membership meet- Ing of the Corsicana Chamber of Commerce on February 10 at 6:45 o'clock In tho cafeteria of the Senior High School according to an announcement made by the arrangements committee Thursday. Mr. Carothers Is the general manager of the Novell-Wilder Supply Company of Houston. W. N. Blanton of Houston had been selected as tho speaker but developments made it necessary for the committee to release him from his engagement. Blackland Feeder Breeder Meeting Scheduled Friday Large representations from ten Central Texas counties are expected for the "Blackland Feeder- Breeder Conference" which will bo held In Corslcana Friday beginning at 10 o'clock, Because of uncertain weather conditions, sponsors of the session decided It would be advisable to hold the morning speaking session at the Palace theatre. Among those who will appear on the program are Frank P. Holland of Dallas, County Agent H. C. Robinson of Corsl- cana, E, R. Eudaly and Q. W. Barnes of College Station, and J. R. Gill of Waxahachlc. During the afternoon session, visits are planned to several of the Hereford ranches near Corsl- cana and also to the new plant of the Corslcana Livestock and Agricultural Show. HOUSE FOES HORSE RACE RETTING LOSE INITURM1SH MOTION TO RECOMMIT RE- LEGALIZATION BILL FAILED BY VOTE OF 71 TO 56 WESTERN RANCHMEN TO THROW FULL FORCE OF WOOL GROWERS AGAINST U. S. TRADE TREATIES O'DANIEL DEFENDS HIS SUGGESTION OF CUT IN JOST MEALS GOVERNOR REFERS TO ASSOCIATED PRESS WRITER'S ARTICLE ON SAVING AUSTIN, Jan. 26.—(^—Governor W. Lee O'Danlcl today defended his suggestion that state workers who travel bo limited to spending 35 cents each on meals and $1 for hotel rooms. A capltol news writer a few lays ago, taking the comptroller's •ecords on expense accounts, figured tho plan would reduce the otal cost of government onnual- y about ono fifth of one per cent, Tho writer figured the saving would amount to $285,000 a year, he cost of state government during the fiscal year ending Aug. 31 was $157,000,000. Tho governor's formal By L. O. SLOAN SAN ANGELO, Jan. 25.—(/Pi- Western ranchmen prepared today to throw the full force of their National Wool Growers association Into a fight against United United States reciprocal trade treaties with other nations. Most of their leaders who spoke before the 74th annual three-day convention which closes here tonight, blamed reciprocal treaties for causing lowered prices during the last year. Secretary F. R. Marshall of Salt Lake City, among others, castigated Secretary of State Cordell Hull for his silence regarding a rumored treaty with Australia. Marshall said the"statp department's refusal to make a statement would mean next' spring's wool clip would bring thousands of dollars less than normal because eastern buyers would make their purchases with assumption the tariff on Australian wool would be lowered. F. E. Mollln, secretary of the American National 'Livestock association, Denver declared the reciprocal trade" policy' was devised to lower tlie tariff. "This device may well prove to See WOOL GROWERS, Page 11, AUSTIN, 'Jan. 26.—(/P)—Uncompromising house foes of re-legall- zatlnn of horse race betting were defeated today in an effort to transfer the re-legalization bill from the state affairs to the agriculture committee. Tho vot,e was 71 to 56. Tho motion to recommit the proposal was made by Rep. Bryan Bradbury of Abilene, co-Author of the \)I1I two years ago which outlawed racing. His motion was killed at the request of Rep. Ball- cy Ragsdalo of Crockett, author of the rclegallzatlon proposal. Ragsdale Incidentally, is chairman of the agriculture committee. Bradbury said he was motivated See RACE BETTING, Page 7. Salazar Is Given Death Penalty In Murder of Farmer SWEETWATER, Jan. 26.—W— Frank Salazar, 23, faced a sentence of death today for the slay- Ing of Paul Kennedy, 43, Miles farmer, Deo. IB. A jury deliberated only 10 min utes last night In bringing In the verdict. Tho Mexican slumped in his chair when Judge John F Button polled the jury. Thn young farm hand had offer ed no defense testimony to the state's allegations he shot Kennedy and his wife to death and bru tally beat two of their children al their home near Miles. Wilhia Kennedy, 18-year-olc daughter of the victims, who tolc officers Salazar forced her to ac company him to Austin after the slaylngs, showed no emotion when the verdict was read. She blamei jealousy for the crimes. She said her parents had resented Salazar's attentions to her. The case was sent here from San Angelo on a change of ven ue. It was the first death penalty assessed in Nolan county. statement, as sent to the press, read: "I desire to congratulate the writer for the Associated Press who a day or two ago in an ar- Iclo based upon some Investigation on his part discovered ,hat the taxpayers of Texas would >e' saved the large sum of $285,000.00 a year if my plan for See EXPENSES, Pago 7. FRANCO'S LEGIONS UNRESISTED AS THEY MARCH INTO CAPITAL CLIMAX OF OFFENSIVE THAT BEGAN DEC. 23,BRINGS BIG, GEST PRIZE TO REBELS Lead all Franco's Legions., BARCELONA, Ian. 26.— . (JP) —Generalissimo Franco's forces completed the occupation of Barcelona late today as insurgent soldiers marched triumphantly down the palm-lined boulevarda to the cheers of thousands, In the conquered governmental capital. Khaki-clad insurgent troops slng- Ing "Marcha Granadera"—Spanish military air—and with bayonets; glinting In tho warm sun poured into the city from tho north, south and cast. Spain's largest city, which so recently was a government capital, was quickly transformed a« the red-and-gold flags of Insurgent Spain suddenly appeared from balconies and atop tall moderq buildings. HENDAYE, France, (At Th* Spanish Frontier), Jan. 26.—</P)—• Insurgent Generalissimo Franco'* Spanish, Moorish and Italian troops marched Into BarceloOa at noon today with flags flying .and band playing, formally taking over Spain's largest city after two and half years of civil war. The government defense ha4 collapsed. Insurgent dispatches said there was little or no-reals* • tance at tho end. At last report* the government army was fornv ing a new defense line somewher* to the north. Insurgent accounts of the entry said tho people of Barcelona flocked from their houses to greet tho victorious army whose planes for months have been rain* ing death in their midst. . ," Today it was another 1 •- thin** Dispatches reaching the bordail said the Borcelonans cheered wlloV ly as tho troops paraded through, palm-lined streets. To them Franco's victory meant something other than triumph ion the insurgent cause. It meant food and an end to tho bombings. Franco's armies had gained th8 greatest prize of the war at the) climax of a knockout offensive launched Dec. 23 from lines soma 80 miles to tho west. Near the French border Premier Juan Negrln and his Spanish government sought to re-establish their offices temporarily after a hasty flight from Barcelona. But there were Indications both the republican cabinet and the theater of war might be shifted Sec SPANISH, Page 7. "DUST BOWL" AREA, FORECAST . AS ANOTHER GREAT DESERT, IS MERE SHADOW OF FORMER SELF FLOCK OF ELECTIONS MAY BE DUMPED INTO LAPS TEXAS VOTERS AMARILLO, Jan. 20.—</F>—The 'dust bowl" once a 51,000,000-acre region of desolation In the Mld- dlowost, has been shaved to a mere shadow of Its former self. Agricultural agonts of five status—Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and Now Mexico—agreed today tho great area wherein blowing, shifting, choking dusters wore making farming a nightmare four years ago has been whittled to about 0,000,000 acres. Tho blowing dust problem has been so greatly reduced farmers and stockmen of tho Southern Great Plains have turned their attention from rain prospects to the price of their commodities. Bolstering their hopes was the report of Ted Alexander, county agent of Potter county, Texas, who said wheat prospects were the best slnco 1932. Slow rains last year had a great effect In cutting down tho area harassed by wind erosion, H. H. Flnncll, regional conservator of the soil conservation service for the five-state area, explained but It was the 'unprecedented January moisture that shifted tho "borders" of tho dust howl. A new precipitation record was established In Amarlllo in January when several days of slow rain and snow brought a totai of 2.44 Inches month. of moisture for the While some "wheat land" Is still being turned back to grass county agents say this practice has dropped to a minimum, with only land "wo know shouldn't havo boon broken for cultivation In tho first place" being planted one season to grain sorghums and tho next season to tho succulent grama and Buffalo grasses which havo proved their hardiness. C. Lukor of tho Amarlllo offices of the Soil Conservation Service, said agricultural men have found land once denuded by lack of rain and high winds must first be planted to grain sorghums to See DUST BOWL, Page 1. FOLKS WHO FIGURE ON PASSING POLL TAX PAYMENTS MAY BE SORRY , AUSTIN, Jan. 26.—(/P)—YOU folks who are figuring on not paying your poll taxes this year because there are no big state elections coming up had /better watch out! Some arc liable to sneak up on you. Besides Important city elections In many places, there are a flock of proposed changes in tho slata government, Including Governor W. O'Daniel's revolutionary transaction tux-pension plan, waiting on legislative action If some of thorn, Including one which would abolish paying future poll taxes, should get the legislature's okay for submission to a vote of tho people this year, you'll be sorry. A check of larger cities In Texas indicates payments ore lagging behind those of last year by u considerable margin. Poll taxes paid In Bexar county to date number approximately 31,800 as compared with 33,500 last year; Dallas' figures are 28,500 as to 36,000; Fort Worth's Tarrant county totals are 6,500 and 8.700, while Houston reports 15,000 as compared to a final total two years ago of nearly 18,000. One tax-assessor collector, however, predicted a record off-oleo- tlon year sule,because 01 Governor See ELECTIONS, Pag*

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