Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on January 27, 1935 · Page 3
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 3

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, January 27, 1935
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Page 3
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SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1935 THE) PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pnmpa, Texas PAGE THREE Fifty millions of buffalos! That was General Crook's estimate in 1870. More buffalos than the population of the United States at that lime by 30%! Single herds dotting the landscape as far as the eye could see . . . and scores and scores of herds! Hunting the buffalos for their hides had just started. But soon more than a thousand hunters were in the field. The best shots went after records, one man chalking up the astounding total of 3,300 in a season! Profits were quick and easy. By 1873 buffalo hides were a big industry. That year three rail- roads—the Santa Fe, the Kansas Pacific, and the Union'Pacific —shipped 754,329 east. For the three years to 1874, 5,373,730 buffaloes were killed and skinned. Yet the thundering , herds kept coming through—as many as ever, it seemed! > Even after six years, Wyatt Earp reported a herd nearly as large as any ,he had ever seen! This was in 1877. He was hunting outlaws in the Texas Panhandle; and at the exact present site of Amarillo, ran on to t|his particular herd. He saw that it was remarkably large. But great was his surprise, when —by calculating the area of the ground covered by the grazing bison—he computed more than a million animals! Was the supply of buffalos inexhaustible? Could the boom of the buffalo guns make no dent in the hordes which came charging down out of the north each fall and winter? The end came with devastating suddenness. Wyatt Earp, the famous hunter and peace officer, lived right in the midst of the buffalo grass prairies. Yet he was caught absolutely unaware! With Billy Tilghman and Bat Masterson he set out on a buffalo hunt, for sport, in 1878. The previous year had been much like those before. Buffalos were plentiful. But in Earp's own words, here was their experience: "We started from Dodge and traveled due west for more, than 100 miles along the Arkansas . . . then south . . .then east . . . combing, at the height of the best hunting season, the heart of what, in 1871, was the greatest buffalo ground in the world. The buffalo grass was still plentiful and as succulent as ever; on the other hand, we did not sight a single buffalo, The herds were gone, wiped out." Again (history had repeated itself. Man's ability to destroy quickly, ruthlessly, and on an appalling scale ... if a small, immediate profit offered . . . was proved again. And . . . gir usual ... so suddenly, that even the destroyers were dazed with astonishment! YIAI -if rallies qa* In the Seventies, many were positive the Buffalos would last '^pr generations. Today, here in the Panhandle, many are making the same mistake about, our natural gas. They say, "What if the wastage each day equal; the domestic and commercial consumption of the entire United States? Isn't the field so large the supply Is practically inexhaustible?" It is not. In fact, at the present and prospective rate of wastage, it is doubtful if our oil and gas field will last as long as the buffalo slaughter. Already more than 30% of the gas field is gone. In a long strip through the heart of the field, from Lc- fdrs to Stinnett, the gas presnure is down from 430 to 2CO pounds. Furthermore, it is estimated .that at least 400 'million barrels of crude oil, which could be recovered otherwise, will be left In the ground permanently If the gas pressure to bring it to the wells is destroyed. : Much of this destruction has occurred since 1933, .when the Texas Legislature passed an ill-advised law legalizing "stripping plants." They are permitted to I ATE R b nor ttopped! throw to the winds 97% of the heating value of the gas to get the other 3% in the form of natural gasoline. These plants require ill- tie investment, few employes, and slight expense. They are connected up to less than 2% of the gas leases of the field secure thcit colossal quantities of gas largely through drainage of adjacent leases. For the Panhandle gas field is one big pool. it' the present law is not corrected ai this session of the State Legislature, seven more years of oil and gas in the Panhandle may seem optimistic. Those lease owners who have been standing by appalled, while their gas is being drained from under them, will be forced to act. It will be everyone (or himself. An avalanche of new and bigger and enlarged "stripping plants" will descend upon the field. A few years at the most will see the end. And in the mad scramble YOU and your job, profession, business, or Panhandle investment will be the real 'loser! The time has come. It is either save the gas for fuel and industry NOW or lose it forever! HEBE IS HOW YOU CAN HELP: The Texas Legislature is now In session, but many vital questions are up for solution. It Is essential that our new governor and the state representatives re.alize the insistent demand from the Panhandle that gas waste be halted AT THIS SESSION! So communicate immediately with HON. JAS. V. ALLRED, Austin, Texas; and with the OIL AND GAS COlVfMITTpE, House of Representatives, Austin Texas. Insist that prompt legislative steps be taken to stop this greatest destruction of an irreplaceable natural resource ever known in the HISTORY OF THE WORLD! Also, telephone us at 2-4212, Amarillo, or write In, for additional facts and suggestions. v\ Top: "The Herd. The most (ircuratc picture known of a Panhandle buffalo herd. Col. (ioodnlght said of it: "A very fine picture and very natural" ttclnw: . "The Knd." Both of these draw inns Copyright, ]!)H, by M. ti. (j'arrettmn, whit is now Secretary of the American liiiton Society Abpve; photograph of Hath & Wright's Dudtcc City buffalo hide yard in 1«78, fihutrinff 40,000 buffalo hides. -All three of these pictures were .loaned for reproduction from the collection in the Panhandle-Plains Historical Society Museum, Canyon, Texas. Above, left: "What Became of the llii'falos," reproduced from a pen sketch in the copy of his book, "Purronal Recol- ct.ons ;of General Nelson A. Mile*," ptft^rtcd fiy G?n. Ml'ea BJJ!y Dlxon of A ma- Conservation Association sot mat

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