Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on January 23, 1935 · Page 5
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 5

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Wednesday, January 23, 1935
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•WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 193B. THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Psmpa, Texas PAGE FRANCE AND SPAIN ANGLED FOR LAND OF TEJAS FOR 200 YEARS; BEXAR ARCHIVES BEGIN IN 1731 State Might Have Remained Wilderness For Centuries (N'll-: Tlv fnllnwinir is ono nf n Rnrlpr. D" v.'t-t'kly nrticlc.i Inlu-n Trnm tlio Ttoxni 1 Archives nl tlif University or TexnS. This cnlliTlinn, ronsiilrrr-tl the frrrntest «inrclr' liintorirnl treasure- on the North Amerirnn rontinont. hn:: been entnlopued nm! is nmv hointr ttartBlnlccl by the University of Texns. It consifltn of 400,000 paces nf original Spanish hnmfwritten documents comprising the official archives of (lie Mexican irovernmenl. for the' depnrt- mont of Rexnr. which rovereil almost the whole of wliat is now the Stuff of Texas, for the period from 1731, Boon after Tejas hecame a separate province of Mexico, to 1S3K. to the Hnttle of Snn .Tm-into. 'This series of articles will consist principally of quotations from the documents, ninny of which have heretofore ln-en nnpuli- Hshefl, nnil will revenl for the first time what actually transpired duriwr the century in which Texas \v:ti transformed from a wilderness inhabited only by slivafre Indian tribes tu an hide- pendent America republic.) AUSTIN, Jan. 23 .—In order to understand the long struggle with the French over the colonization of the territory of Texas, or Tejas, as depicted in the official records of the Mexican government for the province, or department of Texas, found in toto In the Bexar archives of the University of Texas library, it is necessary to know that this contest had been going on for centuries before the coming of Moses and Stephen F. Austin, with their plan for settling the region with Anglo-Americans. j The conflict between the French and the Spanish forms the basis for much of the bulky documentary archives of the Mexican seat of government at San Antonio de Bexar. It may be said without dispute that had it not been for the international aspect of the situation, Texas might have remained a barren wasteland until the natural overflow of population from the congested eastern part of America forced expansion. Neither France nor Spain was particularly anxious to send explorers into the territory, but each was spurred on by the exploits of the other. Later, when Spain held Mexico in thrall and France had possession of Louisiana, each was driven to establishing missions and garrisons in order to protect their rights in the field. Pcnedo Was First The French claim to Texas wa.s based on La Salle's frustrated attempt to plant a colony on Lavaca Bay in 1685. Spanish exploration of the region pre-dated this effort by fully a hundred and fifty years. Following Columbus', discovery of the West Indies in 1492, the Spaniards colonized those islands, and continued their search for a westward passages to India. Their expeditions covered the whole of the Gulf of Mexico in their quest, and charted the Gulf coast rather thoroughly."In 1519, Alvarez de Penedo, an agent of the governor of Jamaica, mapped the whole coast of Texas, and sent back to Spain a glowing description of "Amichel," as the Spaniards then called Tex- 'as. This was two years prior to Cortes' capture of the Aztec capital in Mexico. These tales brought numerous exploratory adventurers to the new world. Cabeza De Vaca It was in 1528 that Narvaez's party of colonists, destined for Florida, met with disaster and, attempting to reach the Spanish settlements in Mexico, were wrecked November C, 1528, off the coast of Texas. It is thought they landed on Galveston Island. The later famous Cabeza de Vaca was one of the small group that reached shore. The narrative of his eight years as the slave of the Indians, as a medicine man and a trader, is more or less familiar. In 1541, stimulated by reports of Cabeza de Vaca's venture, Coronado made his expedition out of New Mexico over the south plains of West Texas, in search for gold. The following year Luis de Morosco, appointed as his successor by De Soto, discoverer of the Mississippi, on his death-bed, crossed Red river near the present site of Texarkana and penetrated Texas as far as the Braaos. In 1582, Espejo passed through West Texas and explored the Pecos river for some distance. During the. next century several Spanish expeditions from Mexico into California and New Mexico •touched Texas. In 1684, tho village of Ysleta, which is still in existence today, in the upper Rio Grande Valley, was founded by friendly Indians and contained some Spaniards as well. Then Came. La Salic It was in that'same year that La Balle, the first Frenchman to set foot on Texas soil, reached the mouth of tho Mississippi. He returned from France two years later with an expedition to plant a colony on that river. He missed his calculations, and landed in Matagorda bay, on, the Texas coast. -With his Indian - beset-, disease - ridden followers, he established first a temporary colony on Matagorda bay, then a permanent one near the head of Lavaca bay, which he called Fort St. Louis. He attempted to reach the Mississippi by traveling overland, going as far as the present town of Nacogdoches, when he was forced to return. He then tried to reach the French settlements on the Illinois river, but was murdered en route. The supposed spot of his death being somewhere in East Texas. Four years after his landing, the Spaniards found Fort St. Louis deserted. LaSalle's inadvertent colonization project aroused the Spaniards to the danger of French encroachment. Spain had in recent years been awakened to the menace of other countries in her colonial possessions. The English had in 1655 seized the Island of Jamaica from Spain and eleven years later France had established colonies ' in several West Indian isl- lands. The French invasion of Texas, immediately adjacent to the Spanish outposts of Nuevo Leon and CoahuUa, was the last straw. The Spanisli swit out expeditions Ready to Defend Fisch lo search for (he French invaders. Three searching parties were unsuccessful, the fourth, in 1685, found the abandoned Fort St. Louis and took two of the few remaining survivors captive. First Mission Fails In icno. Father Massanet, accompanied by military escort, established the Mission San Francisco dp los Tejas near the Ncches river, the first Spanish mission in Texas. It failed, and mere than | twenty years elapsed before real I colonization was to begin. French colonists in Louisiana, however, settled in Louisiana in 1G99, and began explorations of the Mississippi Valley. In 1712, Cadillac, new governor of the province of Louisiana, sought to open trade with the Spanish settlement, in Mexico, applying to the viceroy at Vera Cruz. His proposal was rejected, but it opened the wny for future colonization. Through the sub rosa intervention of a Spanish priest. Father Hidalgo, however, who hrped to stir the Spanish to another attempt at establishing missions among the Indians in Texas, Cadillac sent St. Denis to set upn pas', en the Texas-Louisiana border. He was to seek ! out Father Hidalgo and time him to | do likewise. j The emissary was successful. This step actually resulted in the open- ! ing of illegal trade between Louisiana and northern Mexiro. In 1716, St. Denis, having made his way to the city of Mexico, wa.s started back to East Texas as the paid guide of an expedition lo establish Spanish missions in that region. Four missions were established in the region of the Ncchcs and Angelina rivers. War Breaks Out Feeling that it half-way station was needed to break tli2 strenuousness of the journey, tiic Spanish in 1718 founded tho presidio of San Antonio de Dcxar, with an accompanying mission, the Mission San Antonio dc Valera. Thereafter, San Antonio became and remained tlie center of Spanish and Mexican activities in Texas, and was, up until the beginning of Anglo- American colonization, the. only, permanent settlement in the new province. La Bahia, later removed to Goliad had been established on the coast to keep out invaders by way of the Gulf. However, this settlement and that at Nacog- cloches were of fluctuating population and were illy protected against attack. In 1719, war broke out between Spain and France, and was reflected in colonial circles in Texas, French attacks causing the abandonment of most of the Spanish missions with the exception of San Antonio de Bexar. In 1731, the civil settlement, the villa, of San Fernando, was added to the military and ecclesiastical establishments at San Antonio. This settlement was comprised of a small number of families recruited from the Spanish colonies in tl\e Canary Islands, 50 persons in all when the colony reached their destination. This was the first civilian colony established in Texas. It was oh the arrival of this group on March 9, 1731, that the first municipal government was set up in Texas. The Bexar archives date from this year, in fact, practically from the very day on which these colonists first saw their new home—San Antonio de Bexar, capital of the province' of Texas. Of* Borah Demands Full Hearing On Townsend Plans WASHINGTON, Jan. 23 (/P)—A demand for "full and open" debate on the Townsend old age pension plan came today from senator Bo- ii'ali as congressional committees pushed ahead with hearings on the administration's social security program. Without endorsing the Townsend plan, Borah said in a statement that its widespread support entitled it to open consideration rather than being pigeon-holed. Tho Idaho republican is a critic of the aid proposed by the Roosevelt administration for the aged needy. He has called for liberalisation of the measure. On the other hand Secretary of Labor Perkins said the administration plan wa.s "not a 1QO per cent panacea" but a "sound basis" on which the government could build later "in the light of demand and experience." Besides Borah, some other senate republicans were preparing to open firn on the Roosevelt plan. Senator Hastings (R., Del.) took a lead in this move with a statement today suggesting tho Wagner-Lewis bill as now drafted might "fool" the country. COLD IN THE KYK WICHITA FALLS (/Tj—Add cold weather hazards: L. H. Holder did his usual day's work and started home in the face of near-zero winds. He heard .ij crackling sound and felt a peculiar sensation in his left eye socket. The sudden temperature change had shattered his glass eye. Use Daily NEWS Classified Ads. Awaiting the cull to testily in the trial of Bruno Hauptmnnn at FlemhiKtoii, N. J-. Isadnr Fisch's relatives who came from Germany to clear him of complicity in the Lindbergh ransom deal were carefully guarded by detectives. They are pictured above ns they left their hotel in Coney Island, N. Y. Left to right are Hannah Fisch, Isador's sister, and Mr. and Mrs. Plncus FiacL. Flster-in-law and brother of tho deceased Bronx furrier. driving him mad. It was while I was trying to quiet her down that I heard the explosion." "And you guessed ..." •"Not for a moment or so. r thought it was one of the Chatham cruisers blowing up a mine or something; they often practice off here, especially at this time of year. "Then, I don't know why, but quite suddenly I remembered what Avon had told Nick about the powder. It put the wind up with a crash. "I didn't stop to question her any further. I told her to wait where she wa.s until I came back, and I was out of that door nnd half-way across the yard almost before i knew what I was doing." I scrambled to my feet.' "Why do you say she knows, Jerry?'' I demanded. "What makes you so certain about it?" "I can't explain exactly. I just felt it inside me. It was something in the way she spoke and look, ed. If we hadn't been interrupted ... "' "I feel it too." Molly was beside l:s. her blue eyes shining with rx- eitement. "We must see her. Nick; we must go there at once. I'm sure she can tell us the' truth." "Yes, but you can't come!" I ex- r.'nlmcd. "Why. think what it means! If Orloff knows we've escaped . . ." "What are you going to do with me"? she nsked calmly. I looked round with a kind of dc. c rrrate helplessness. "She's right." said Jerry quietly. "It's neck or nothing now. Unless we chuck the whole thing and make a bolt for it, we may as well stick together. I've got a gun any_ how. and . . ." "Bog pardon, sir," interrupted Jimmy, "but if it would be any help, sir, I don't mind stopping 'ere and looking after the boat. I ain't afraid of them swine, sir." "By gad, you're a sportsman I" Jerry stepped forward and clapped him on the shoulder. "You can't By VICTOR BRIDGES For Good Cleaning Call IUST - RITE J CLEANERS Eu 108 Cuyler Opposite State Theatre PHONE Residence Phone 886 SYNOPSIS: Prior Orloff has tried to blow up the factory in which Molly O'Bi'irn nnd Nirk Trench wore locked up, and Jimmy Fo;; lias released them just in time. Molly, Nick and Jimmy, with Jerry Mordaunt, an; trying to recover a formula worth millions which hr.s been stolen from Molly. Orloff, :t .spy. also wants thn formula. Now, Jerry lias joined his partners at their boat, with the air of havins important informa. tion about him. Chapter 4'J \ Cl.VK "This is .sonii'lhins isnyhmv," .said Jerry. "I r;:pcc..tcd to find you scattered all over the landscape." "We should be, if it wasn't for Jimmy," I answered. "How did it happen? W( re you monkeying around with the powder or v.'hal?" I look Ivm by the firm and drew him toward th? bushes. "Better sit clown for a minute and got your wind," I paid. "You keep a look out Molly, while I do the explaining." Making our way back we regained tho t'heUcr of the gorsc, where Jimmy, who had remained behind, greeted us with a welcoming' grin. Wiping his forehead with his sleevo, Jerry .scaled himself upon a convenient hummock. •Cut it as short as you can." he said curtly. "We've a job ahead of us that won't wait." His voice had a grim note of urgency, which made nvj wonder what fresh revelations were in store. Something of interest had evi. dcntly been happening in other places besides the factory, but sine:; one of the two stories had lo be told first, the sooner I got mine over the better. Such being the case, I plumped mysi'lf down beside him and sot about the business. With the exception of what had passed .between Molly and myself I told him everything. I described tluv way we'd been trapped; I repented, as well as I could remember it, every word that Orloi'f had said to us, and finally I gave him a brief, but vivid account of how Jimmy had come to our rescue, and the amazing es- cupo we had all had from being- killed by the flying masonry. "We got down under the bank i'.r.d crawled along here," I finished, "because it .seemed to be the safest thing to do. There was jUFt the off chance that Jimmy had got. ashore without being seen, and that if we could lie up somewhere until you came back,. Orloff would take it for granted that he'd wiped us off his list." I laughed a trifle mirthlessly and pulling out a crumpled packet of cigarets, stuck one between my lips. "We can rule that out now," I added. For a moment or two Jerry sat nursing his knees and staring bvoodingly in front of him. "So it wa.s their boat after all! If I'd gone along yesterday as I meant to ..." "You probably wouldn't be here now, ' I interrupted. "Those devils have been watching us the whole llm;.—just watching for their chance. They've tiinglcd the busi- neE'i pretty badly, thanks to Jimmy, but we're not likely to get the same luck twice running." I glanced across the narrow strip of water to where the Seagull was lyi'.i?. "We must clear out while we've got the chance," I contin. tied. . . " "But we can't. I haven't told you yet." He jumped up abruptly. "That woman—Mrs. Gowlland —slie knows the' truth." With a little startled cry Molly I'Avung round towards us. "Jerry." .she gasped, "what do you mean?" "I found her in the garden in front of the .farm. She wa.s kneeling beside Gowlland's body. You remember that shot we heard just iu'tor we'd landed? Well, you were wrong about its being a rabbit. He'd gone outside with his gun and blown half his head off." There was a dead silence, broken iby a sudden exclamation from Jimmy. •'Crickey!" he whispered. "I had an idea at first that she'd done it herself. She was so queer— nut hysterical or anything of that i-'orl—just helpless and half dazed like someone who'd had a knock on (lie head, it wasn't until I'd carried him inside and put him on the sofa that I could get any sense out of her." "What did she say?" Molly was leaning forward with clenched hands, her eyes fixed on Jerry's fact;. "Just a jumble of words to start with—ft lot of incoherent stufff about Gowlland being drunk and threatening to take his life. He'd something on his mind, she kept on repeating, something that was . . . "did you «»y (he best Bleak dinner that money can buy . . . Ya Sun! Boss, right this way." y^ii Yes-sir-ee . , . they know what WESfEP-N hospitality means. They know when they come to the WORTH they are going to feel right at home . . . that every attendant is ready to serve with a smile that's broad and real and genuinely understanding. 18 FLOORS OP CHEERFUL GUEST ROOMS ALL ROOMS WITH BATH hang around like that though; you'll be frozen stiff, rfere, take my mac." He stripped off his waterproof and thrust It into Jimmy's arms. "Know how to row?" he asked. "Just a bit, sir. Been out once or twice on the Serpentine." "Well, keep your eyes skinned, and if you sec anyone coming, hop in nnd shove her off." He turned to us, pulling out the revolver from his coat pocket. "Come 1 on, you two. No good messing about If we're all agreed. You stick close behind me, Molly, and for heaven's snke. look out where you put your feet." With a mind torn by conflicting emotions, I followed them up the slope, and pushing through the gorse, dropped down on to the narrow path. If Jerry were right—and his belief had certainly Infected me as well as Molly—it was obviously vital that we should see Mrs. Godl- land at once. Whatever the hidden thinpr might be which had driven her husband to his death, we were far more likely to get the truth o\it of her In her present state than when she hud had time to pull herself together. On the other hand, in the face of what we already knew, this venture of ours was surely next door to madness. Our escape from the factory was no longer a secret, and now that their original pla.ns had miscarried, Orloff and the foul crew that he had doubtless brought along with him would be more recklessly determined than ever tha.t none of us should leave the place alive. Had Jerry and I been alone the matter would have been different, but ... Turning my eyes away from Molly, I glanced swiftly in the direction of the creek. The sun was already setting behind a broken bank of clouds, and in its fading light the long stretch of desolate marshes looked 'more empty and forloarn than ever. A chill wind, which had sprung up from the southwest, rustled and whispered among the reeds, while blended with its dreary sound came* the faint persistent moan of the incoming tide. Except for a solitary heroh, there was no sign of life or anywhere. There are strange dotflj# »' the Gowlland farm hdta*«r tomorrow. Use Dsrily NEWS Classified Ads. Now Relieve Your Cold "Quick as You Caught It" I Takc 2 BAYER Aspirin Tablets. _•. Make sure; you get the BAYER Tablets you sure you .1 ask for. 2 Drink n full p.lnss of'Water. Repeat • treatment in z hours. For Amazingly Fnxt Results Remember Directions, in These Simple Pictures The simple method pictured here is the way many. doctors now treat colds and the aches and pains colds bring with them! It is recognized as a safe, sure, QUICK way. For it will relieve an ordinary coid almost as fast as you cauglit it. Ask your doctor about this. And wltcri you buy, he sure that you get the real BAYER Aspirin Tablets. They dissolve (disintegrate) almost instantly. And thus work almost instantly when you lake them. And for a gargle, Genuine Bayer Aspirin Tablets disintegrate with speed and completeness, leaving no irritating particles or grittiness. B.\Y1£R Aspirin prices have been decisively reduced on all sizes, so there's no point now in accepting other than the real Bayer article you want. 3 If throat is sore, crush and stir 3 • BAYER Aspirin Tablets in a third of a glass of water. Gargle twice. This cases throat soreness almost instantly. NOW PRICES on Genuine Buyer Ajplrfn Radical!/ Reduced on All Sllti hold no terror foe 9 the esis e filled with WINTER BLEND fflflBmffiMffffiCTffiM * ew USE WINTEH-«nAK>K Oil. —lo gel easier elarling, greolrr motor protection and better ga0o» line mileage. Ask your Conoco- dealer for ilic 10W or 20W grade of Conoco Germ Processed Motor Oil. You will 8oe at once how much easier your car starts and how much smoother it rune. You'll have no trouble starting your car any time, anywhere, if you have Special Winlcr-ttlcnd Conoco Bronze Gasoline in the tank! A NEW BLKNW! A live gasoline for the dead of Winter, specially made for sure-fire starting and smooth pick-up. MOKE Et'ONOMaTAL! Saves your battery. You choke less—waste no gasoline. THY IT!, Drive into your Conoco dealer's for a tank of Conoco Bronze and see for yourself how it performs! CONTINENTAL OIL COMPANY Established 1875 INSTANT STARTING LIGHTNiNG PtCK-UP HAMPTON & CAMPBELL STORAGE GARAGE OPEN ALL NIGHT CONOCO PRODUCTS

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