Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on January 10, 1939 · Page 1
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 1

Corsicana, Texas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 10, 1939
Page 1
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"S 1 Twice-A-Week VWtor be Semi-Weekly Morning ' Light carries r local, itate and world newi into thousands of, rural homes In Navarro and surround, Ing counties twice each week. Every worthwhile item of news from ever; point U thoroughly covered. Fifty Years of Service The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has beta' an outstanding progressive newspaper, working for the advancement of the rural communities ot Navarre and adjacent counties for more than fifty years. Its success If oound up with the growth of Rural IHe. FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE VOL. LIL CORSICANA, TEXAS. TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1939. JNO. 124. LEGISLATURE MEETS TUESDAY ® ® STORMS LASHED THREE TEXAS POINTS ODESSA, CISCO AND DALLAS VISITED BY DEVASTATING WINDS TWO DEATHS LAID TO DALLAS STORM, DAMAGE WILL RUN $100,000 OR MORE (By The Associated Press) Capricious twisting winds snipped at three Texas population 'centers last night, destroying two lives and ,000 in property, but the they brought were a far greater dollar-and-cent blessing to Texas farmers. While Dallas, Odessa and Cisco reckoned up the toll of damaged property left by furious storms, nearly every agricultural section of the state except near the coast rejoiced in heavy rains. The incalculable amount of water dumped In some areas was the answer to a prayer for farmers whose crop lands needed molstu.-e for Imminent planting and ranges getting.thin and dry for lack of moisture.' A by-product of the deluge in East Texas was the swift rise in the Red,' river. A temporary bridge at Oklaunlon was swept away and traffic detourned via Burkburnett. The 2.27 inches of rain in the Vernon area, however, was called a salvation of winter crops and stockmen's tanks were filled again. McKinney reported the heaviest rain, 2.38 inches. , At Dallas. winds attained a speed 'of 61 miles an hour for five minutes. One man was electrocuted by a live wire, another died ••6f : ^''h«tti't^a««Bv'i;.di«i!nfe." tlK- storm. . _.•--.,-"• Rains Were General. •oughout the sheep;-cattle and sections of Central West i rains were general. San An- •gelo reported one-inch rains at Barnhart, Big Lake, Mertzon, Water Galley, Carlsbad, Garden City, Paint Rock, Junction and Menard Eden had 1.5 inches, while Brady's downpour was Heavier. Swet- water, Big Spring and Midland relished good rains. Odessa, where the wind was strong, had nearly four inches and some damage, but no one was hurt. McCamey, Fort Stockton and Runnels and Coleman counties got fine rains also. In all that wide area the rains meant -better A ranges for feeding livestock and r vital moisture for farmers trying to bring up small grains. Because the precipitation ^Jame without cold weather, livestock generally fared well. Other centers reporting crops and range benefits were: Plainview, rain, 1.73; Abilene, .51 rain for small grain anc winter pastures: Big Spring, 1.8 Borger, 1:5, aiding wheat anc range lands; Lubbock, 2.05 Inches greatest January fall in history o state experiment .station, breaking drought which began last July Tyler, 2.17, small damage from Wind; Paris, 1,07 Inches; Dallas .66 inch; San Antonio, ,87 Inch slow and. soaking into ground greatly 1 needing moisture: Hous ton, ,19; Denton, 1.42; Austin, .67 Corsicana, 1.30 inches. • See STQMSR, Page 2 THE HEAD MEN AT DINNER Party harmony was the keynote when democratic chieftains headed by President Roosevelt and Vice President Garner sat down to a $100-a- plate Jackson Day dinner in Washington. Here the president and vice president are exchanging a few quips. DROADER ALLIANCE INDUSTRY, SCIENCE AND FIRST EAST TEXAS^HEMUR- GIC CONGRESS OPENED IN GLADEWATER MONDAY GLADEWATER, Jan; 9.—(#)•— This East Texas oil center was the focal point today of agricultural and industrial leaders who arn applying chemistry and forest. Dr. A. B. Conner of the Texas experiment station was In charge of the opening session of the two- day meeting of the All-East Texas Farm Chemurglo Congress, sponsored by the East Texas Chamber of Commerce. "Agrol," a power fuel made from grain sorghums, corn and sweet potatoes; came in for major attention today. Speakers were Arnold R. Daum, Chicago, secretary of the American Petroleum Institute's committee on motor fuels, who discussed the committee's findings in connection with the new yuel, and Dr. Leo M. Chrlst- ensen of Atchison, Kas., president of the Chemical Foundation of Kansas, show spoke on the manufacture and use of "agrol." Ralph Moore, master of the Texas Grange, and Walter Cardwelt, manager of the Lullng Foundation Farm, were leaders of discussion groups on today's program. GLADEWATER, Jan. 9.T-(/P)—A broader alliance of agriculture, industry and science in Texas Is the objectives of the First East Texas See CHBMURGIcTpage' 7 RATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE : OR AERONAUTICS WARNS THAT !U. S. LEADERSHIP CHALLENGED , WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.—(#)—The .national advisory committee for aeronautics warned congress today that "feverish" expansion of •military and commercial air fleets by fdrelgn nations was challenging 'America's aviation . leadership. ,, , The committee, which does ,.'V fundamental research in the M «' science of. flying, recommended •$?V setting up, a laboratory to ex- ij-V.-'periment with airplane structures, r ' v r"It is not only a good policy fit :fronwa financial standpoint," its :,j., 'annual report said, "but also vl- lj V ial'.frora the standpoint of na- tibnal defense, that American air—'aft. have a performance equal j superior to that of a poten- , 1< enemy. y ,3,"Mere numbers of aircraft, how-'ever, are not in themselves suffi- 'folent'fpr an adequate modern air |JfQrce, It Is of even greater 1m- nortanoe that the aircraft be • of be \most effective design." ' ,The committee declared that .."the qrlsls In Europe in the fall •lot, 1938 brought forcibly to world- fSwlde. attention the overshadow- hlnjf Influence of air power in. In- Jtat.*i*it{Qpg| affairs," I showed for the first time, ,bers. said, how a nation with Mori air strength can doml- *at least throw fear Into of a civilian popula- qng members of the advisory r —v Charles A. Lindbergh, •ght, Administrator Clln- _„. iter of the civil aero- authority) Or, Charles Q. '' the Smithsonian Jn^tl- tutlon, and army and navy aviation chiefs. The committee urged that factory production of American planes be stepped up, that more funds b'e appropriated for aeronautical research, that both military and naval air forces be increased, and that experiments be continued with llghter-than- alr craft. . Civil Aviation. : Increased use of private aircraft is- highly desirable, it said adding that if properly encour aged, civil aviation should prove in time to be a "revolutionary In the lives of the people as' the automobile," • < Emphasizing the need of larger defensive air forces, the committee termed "the sudden and rather general appreciation of the, p'o tentlalltlea of modern air power' the "most significant event tha has occurred In modern times In connectl9n with strengthening the desires of people to avoid war.' Whatever nation has the mosf efficient aircraft has a deflnlti advantage In competition for In ternatlonal transportation, the re port added. Serious competition confronts the United States, the committee declared, as result of foreign airline operations over both the At lantic and Pacific oceans. In fo casing its attention on slgnifl cant military aircraft developments, It continued, the public has overlooked the fact tha, European nations are making "far sighted and determined efforts' trt statti n*itt alM 4**aj4a *»/Mlf asi ' to capture air. tra,de routei. FUTURE WPA OUTGO AND P«T SPENDING BEFORE COJMITTEES APPROPRIATIONS -COMMW- TEE OF HOUSE STUDIES ROOSEVELT'S REQUEST BOARD OF CONTROL SEES $10,000,000 HIKE FUND DEFICIT UNLESS NEW TAXES LEVIED BIG INCREASE EXPECTED WITHOUT PENSION PLAN WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.—(#)•— house appropriations subcommittee completed hearings today on President Roosevelt's proposal 'or a $875,000,000 appropriation to finance WPA until June 30. Rep. Woodrum (D-Va), who will handle the appropriation measure of the house floor, said the subcommittee would meet tomorrow afternoon to discuss the bill and probably submit It to the full committee Wednesday. Just before closing Its hearings, he subcommittee recalled Col. F. C. Harrington, WPA administrator, who said afterward he •hoped" the appropriations committee would approve the $875,- XIO.OOO the president requested. There was some sentiment In the committee, however, for reducing the amount. Asked what he could say about the situation, Woodrum smiled and remarked* "Well, it being somewhat ol a judicial matter, I think I ought to be a little cautious about It." 'He added that no testimony had been given in opposition to a supplementary • WPA fund. Earler, Mayor Fiorello La Guar- dla of New York, presenting the United States Conference of Mayors, had asked the subcommittee to put $915,000,000 in the bill, while Ralph Hetzel, CIO unemployment director, and David Lasser, president of the Workers Alliance, had suggested $1,000,000 and $1,050,000,000 respectively. Harrington told reporters the figure LaGuardla mentioned contemplated "continuing WPA rolls at their present size until June, where' as the amount sought by the president was based on plans for reduction In April, May and June. i WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.-</P>— By RAY NEUMANN AUSTIN, Jan. 9.—(#•)— Without figuring in possible skyrocketed old age pensions, the Board of Control today predicted a $10,000,000 rise in the state's general fund deficit during the 1939-41 biennium if no additional taxes were levied by the legislature convening -tomorrow. • "The large deficit (estimated to be nearly $20,000,000 at' the close of the current fiscal 'year, Aug. 31.) makes It impossible for this board to balance the state budget," the government's business agency stated flatly. • Recommending more than $3,000,000 Increase in . government department appropriations and approximately $100,000 decrease In the funds expended on state courts, the board, which also constitutes the old ago assistance commission, openly "passed the buck" on suggested increases in pensions to the legislature. The agency failed to Include In Its budget figures an appropriation for an additional state office building to house departments now scattered about Austin's downtown area, but urged the lawmakers to construct one and save rent. . • • • * ,_.IWP more buildings' for --the state prison system were' recommended but the board failed to mention the authorized aid to dependent children and the blind except to suggest the possibility See STATE FINANCES, Page 7 LESS WATER USED DY CITIZENS PAST YEAR ACCORDING RECORDS DAILY AVERAGE DURING 1938 SLIGHTLY OVER ONE MILLION GALLONS Despite the fact that 1938 had less rainfall than the preceding year, pumpage records for the Corsicana water department re cently compiled revealed tha less water was used by local pa Irons. Total pumpage and dally averages slumped, and for th first time In several years the daily usage was above the mil lion gallon mark in only fiv months of the calendar year. Total pumpage for the year wa 367,745,000 gallons, a daily aver age of 1,007,520; this showed a decrease of seventeen and a half million gallons in the tola usage. For several years, th per capita consumption has been figured using an approximat population estimate of 15,000, bu this does not give a true plctur since it does not Include the pop ulatlon of the State of North Corsicana, whom are The twin Questions WPA spending and of -future past relief administration aroused fresh de- See RELIEF, Page 2 FARMERS SEEKING EXTENSION BENEFITS FROM FEDJRAL FUNDS WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.—WTV- Farmers from cotton states asked congress today to expand the crop reduction features of the present farm act by a plan that would cost at least $80,000,000 above present farm benefits. Meeting with more' than a score of senators and prepresentatlves, spokesmen for the cotton growers asked that some 11,000,000 bales on which the government already has made loans be returned to growers In lieu of new crop, production. For several days the growers have been discussing the world cotton surplus with representatives of the agriculture department. Ransom Aldrlch, president of the Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation, acted as spokesman for the cotton growers at today's meeting. He said the growers wanted to continue allocations made under the present program and add to Jhem .a "voluntary" reduction plan See FARM PLAN, Page T ulatlon of the State Home no both o by the LaV« served Seo WATER, Page 7 SMILES AND TEARS AS MOONEY LEAVES PRISON Emotion brought smiles and tears to Tom-Mooney'a family as they greeted him when he left San Quenttn prison for the trip to Sacramento, Calif., where he received a pardon from Governor Olson after serving 22 years for the 1916 San Francisco Preparedness Day parade bombing. At the left, brother John and sister Anna show their'happiness with smiles; at the right Tom Mooney's wife, Rena, sobs on his shoulder. "My day has come," Mooney exclaimed. •• MUCO-NEEDED RAIN AND SNOW SOAKED WHEAT BELT SECTOR DEATH AND "DESTRUCTION, HOWEVER, ACCOMPANIED PRECIPITATION IN TEXAS )avey O'Brien Was White House Caller Monday KANSAS CITY, Jan. 9.—</P>— Much-needed rain and snow soaked the Southwest wheat belt today but the joy of farmers was tempered by the death and destruction wrought by accompanying high winds in Texas and a near-blizzard in New Mexico. Three persons died in the storms, a score wore injured and Dallas counted $100,000 damage. Agriculturalists said, however, the value of the beneficial moisture would far exceed the property losses. In New Mexico, Lieut. Wallace A. Nau was' killed when his army plane, surrounded by fog and whirling snow, crashed Into a niesa yesterday. A motorist Identified as Joseph C. Wilson of Mt. Vernon, 111., was injured critically when his .car plunged from a snowy road near Willlard. The snowfall, measuring up to five inches, continued today. In Texas, two deaths were attributed to a 66-mile gale at Dallas. More than a dozen persons were Injured by windblown debris there and at Cisco. All western states shared in the rain benefits. Cotton lands In South Texas were seasoned for planting. Wheat lands in Colorado, Kansas Oklahoma and the Texs Panhandle were revived. Rngelands in the west gained needed moisture Soaking rains of an inch and more—just the thing for wheat- fell in Western Kansas and Okla homa. Fast melting snows aided soil conditions in Colorado. Rains were forecast today in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mis sour!, Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa CHAMBERLAIN LEAVES FOR ROME TUESDAY IN ANOTHER EFFORT TO APPEASE EUROPEAN DICTATORS By WITT HANCOCK LONDON, Jan. 9.— (/P)— Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain leaves for Rome tomorrow for what, many believed today would be his final effort to push through his policy of appeasing the dictatorships. The outlook was anything buf. bright as the 69-year-old premier conferred with his key ministers today. The civil war in Spain, now two and one-half years old, was the great obstacle between the dictator, Benlto Mussolini, and the "business man," Chamberlain. Although under the Anglo-Italian agreement signed last April and accepted by parliament Nov. 2, Italy agreed to withdraw her troops from Spain, her newspapers openly admit Italians are fighting there now for Insurgent Generalissimo Franco. Many in Europe believe Chamberlain's trip' may mark the' most decisive week since Munich, with both dictatorships and democracies anxious for peace, but each at its own price. Chamberlain's flights to Germany to seek appeasement of Chancellor Hitler resulted in the Munich agreement and dismemberment of Czecho-Slovakia. The premlec will pass through Paris and ' halt there long enough for a meeting with Premie Deladler'to'give a symbolic dem onstratlon of his sympathy with France against strident Italian agitation for French "Tunis, Cor slca and Nice." Over this agitation the talks In Rome may come a cropper. Italy backed by her axis partner, Naz Germany, ] has raised a clamo for concessions. But France has ,told Britain she does not want Chamberlain to "arbitrate" and he is expected to respect; this wish to keep firm the alliance with France Europe's last remaining one be tween great democracies. Congress Doings By the Asaoclated Press Routine 1 Today. sessions in senate am house (noon, EST.) ' House appropriations subcom mittee considers President's re quest for, $875,000,000 WPA -fund, Senate commerce commute studies nomination of Harry Hop kins to cabinet, Senate, unemployment commit tee work* on, formula for stat distribution, of relief 'funds, Davey O'Brien, All-American uarterback'' of Texas Christian University, .called at the White House today. Tho little forward passing star will receive the Walter Camp Memorial Trophy as the outstand- ng 1938 player at a dinner given the Touchdown Club here tonight. He was accompanied by .on Carter, Fort Worth pub- Isher; Dutch Meyer, T. C. U. coach, and Boyd K, O'Brien, cousin. They left for President Roose- -elt photographs mounted on wood of O'Brien and Ky Aidrich, T. C. U. center. JAPAN BLACKLISTED EROM PURCHASES OF PLANESJND DOMBS JAPANESE ARMY'S BOMBING OF CHINESE CIVILIAN POPULATIONS WAS CAUSE WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.—W)— The United States was disclosed today to have blacklisted Japan from further purchase of either airplanes or bombs in this coun try because of Japanese army bombing of civilian populations in "hlna,. The ban, which went Into ef feet July 1, did not prevent Ja pan from buying nearly $9,000,00 worth of American aircraft earlle In 1938. All countries whoso armed force bomb civilians are included in th ban, but this far Japan and Spain are the only countries found en gaged In such practices, Spain 1 prevented from purchasing any munitions in this country by a special embargo act ttassed In 1937. This information was contain ed in the annual . rep< '. of th national munitions control boarc submitted to .the senate today Secretary Hull is chairman of th board, On which also sit the secretaries of the treasury, war, na vy and commerce, The report disclosed that th sale of American munitions abroa more than double In 1938, amount ing to $94,209,632.23 as compare with $45,576,316 in 1937. Milltar or commercial aircraft represente more than half the t&'.r.l. The leading countries purchas ing armament and munitions 1 the United States last year, wit the amount of their purchases follows: Great Britain $29,611,787; Neth orlands Indies $10,053,357; Japa $0,251,282; China $9,180,800; Argen tine $7,219,883; France $6,446,84 and Canada $8,171,559. Cotton Belt Protests. WASHINGTON, Jan. 9,—W 5 )— The St.-Louis Southwestern Ral way Company (Cotton Belt) protested to the Interstate Commerc Commission today against th proposal ot the Kansas Cll Southern ..Railway Company acquire control of the Loulslan and Arkansas Railway Compan' The petitioner said a substantla part of its. traffic may be lost the. acquisition i* permitted, _ IOUGLAS SUGGESTS SALARIED DIRECTORS FOR BIG COMPANIES EC ClUlk BLAMES RECENT SCANDALS ON LACK PROPER KNOWLEDGE FORT WORTH, Jan. 9.— Itlng by Implication the recen oster-Muslca scandal, Chairman ''Illlam O. Douglas of the Securl es Exchange Commission propos d to American business today th deal of a paid, "professional dl octor" who could not be "obllv jus to the fact that warehouse nd Inventories of his compan; re figments of a criminal Imagl atlon." Douglas said "many of the de clenclcs of our modern direct rates result from the presence o many inactive directors on s •nany of our larger boards." There were numerous examples o said, of directors who did no llrect, "only a few weeks ago major scandal in a famous an highly respected New Englan concern snowed that for year here was a real skeleton in 11 orporate closet of whose exlstenc iven the board of derectom ap larently was not •aware." Addressing the Fort Wort Clearing House association, Doug as said many directors did no mow thoroughly the operation heir corporation; many did no mve time to spare- the company thers were favorable to tho ma who had gotten them ttuh- pos Ion, to the neglect of stockhold ers at large; many corporation See SBC PLAN, Page 7 ONE OF STORMIEST SESSIONS OF TEXAS SOLONSPREDICTED OLD AGE PENSION PROBLEM EXPECTED TO PROVIDE STUMBLING BLOCK By HOWARD C. MABSHAZJ< AUSTIN, Jan. 9.—(ff)— he shiny new 46th legis- ature, fresh from contact dth the people, gets away t noon tomorrow for a our-month stint of .law- , making. Some are saying ita lonnial general session will bo one f the stormiest In Texas' history, ut others predict it won't be so ot and when the dust has rattled ill bo just another session in, irhlch essential business has been ransacted and a lot of words spent Ithout visible results. In any event, before It adjourns ext May, the legislature will, if it ollows the tracks of predecessors, ave received' probably 1,000 bills, nacted a few hundred, most of a, ocal nature, ordered submitted a ozen or so amendments to tha onstitutlon and provided money o keep governmental machinery- •birring another two years. •• It may have given an answer t6 question that has stirred Texas . more profoundly in the last 24 months than any other in recent years: What policy shall the stato adopt concerning old age assist* ance? Again it may not have done o and the matter may go on to ilague sessions and legislatures. In the old age assistance prob? r, < em, taxes,-Fernanda for economy, ,JOB O'Daniol^ the flour 'merchant!-;? who will be Inaugurated Jan. 17, o succeed Governor James V. AllJ red, legislators, lobbyists and ob*' servers see the seeds of contro- 'ersy. Old Age Pensions Headache Members already arrived for the) session that will begin when Sec- •etary of State Edward Clark >angs a gavel in the house of representatives and Lleut.-Gov. Walter F. Woodul acts similarly in the senate agree old age pensions and :helr financing will bn the outstanding headache of the leglsla- re. But there Is no agreement among large numbers as to how Far the state should go in extending aid to the aged and where tha money to pay the bill should coma from. Sentiment Is found everywhere to liberalize the law but not to the extent of giving pensions to everyone over 65 years of age and • abandoning the present system ot considering the element of need. It is plain as day that many sen^ ators and representatives want to! know what O'Daniol has to recommend on the subject, especially how, If the pension law is liberalized, the money should be raised. ' In his campaign O'Daniol advocated $30 a month pensions, $19 from the state and $16 from the fed- ,; oral governmeht, for all over 65, "J but he didn't go Into detail re- >..| garding financing. His most fre« '•f quent statement In this connection"> was that money for a lizerallzed, pension program could como from the same places government • money now is obtained. >%* Ho has declared against a salef See LEGISLATURE, Page 7 HOPE TO JAM 60,000 PERSONS INTO TEXAS U. STADIUM FOR INAUGURATION W. LEE O'DANIEIi By WIM.IAM E. KEYS AUSTIN, Jan. 9.—(/P)—They hope to jam more than 60,000 persons into the University of Texas stadium—which has a normal capacity of 42,800—when W. Lee O'Daniol takes the oath of office as Texas' governor Jan. 17. And, if present plans materialize, approximately half of that mass of humanity will be school children whose voices will pipe the words of "Beautiful Texas," a song of the governor elect's composition, Moreover, O'Danlel will direct the massed chorus, one of many precedent-establishing features of an inaugural the like of which the Lone seen, In the Worth flour man who whizzed to a smashing victory to win his first political office will blast custom by taking the oath of office In the stadium. To do that it will be necessary for the legislature to hold a joint session there 'because the constitution says the oath must be administered at a joint meeting, It does not stipulate the legislators must meet In the capltol. The stadium inauguration was O'Lanlel's wish. He combed the plains, hills, plney woods, sea coast and cities of Texas for votes and the thousands who listened to his program of old ago pensions and a business-like government were all invited to Austin for the Inauguration. Apparently many, of them ace Star State has never first place, the Fort coming. The capital Is preparing* for Its biggest visitation in his*' tory—some estimates range as high as 100,000. Formalities have been shoved' aside for the more simple things,' Although there will be dancing In the university's huge gymnasium and in hotels, a street dance and entertainment probably will draw the biggest crowd, To top It off O'Danlel will appear with his original hillbilly band of campaign and radio fame, ' It should be noted there will be some tradition followed. O'Dan- lel will swear to faithful and 1m-, partial discharge of duties with!, his hand upon a musty bible ln>1fi all inaugurals since tho flf»a>'J of the Texas republic and im will deliver a solemn inaugural '! address. • Death Rate Declined -\. During Past Year * : WASHINGTON, Jam 9.—W)— The census bureau said today the/ * national death rate declined about' six per cent last year. Reports from 88 major cities . showed the decline was due, to,',; fewer fatal cases of Influenza^ ;' pneumonia and heat prostration, ',' The trend also was apparent in •'< Infant statistics. The 88 cities-' reported an average of 43 infant) ' deaths per 1,000 births, whlc^X >j< was 5,6 per cent lower' than 'the ' earn* cltleb reported in 1837, ...i.-*

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