Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas on January 3, 1939 · Page 6
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Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light from Corsicana, Texas · Page 6

Corsicana, Texas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 3, 1939
Page 6
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rsnr 1 • t •> i „**, •. »' *', "*>«"* '^ , V •-'. *'*^ ""'j'"' "• f n <*'* *' THE CORSICANA SBMl-WlBKL? LIGHT, TUESDAY, JANUARY 3,-1989. WEATHER OF TEXAS BEEN NORMAL DURING YEAR JUSj CLOSING TORNADO AT MERTZON WAS OUTSTANDING EVENT OF YEAR IN WEATHER By CHARLES A. PRICE Associated Press Staff Texas' biggest 1938 weather story was the tornado at Clyde, Callahan county, June 10, which took the lives of 14 persons and destroyed 26 homes and a school house. The second in rank occurred in the early hours of Feb. 17, when a frenzied wind descended without warning upon Mertzon, Irlon county, injuring 18 persons and demolished or damaged a score of buildings. Tho day was not to end, however, without a companion disaster in which Texas had 'a large concern. At 10 p. m. a twister, aald by meterologtsts to stem from tha West Texas blow, awept through Rodessa, La., adjacent to the Cass county-Louisiana line, uovernment Ends Another Year In Red on Saturday WASHINGTON, Dee. 31.—(ff)— The government ended another year In the red today, but not so deeply as officials had expected six months ago. During tho 12 months since last Dec. 31, federal expenditures have exceeded income by more than killing 22 persons and 100. Injuring $2,140,000,000. The figure Is less, however, AMENDMENT WOULD REQUIRE JUDGES TO RETIREAT SEVENTY ATTORNEY "GENERAL CUMMINGS MAKES RECOMMENDATIONS NEW CONGRESS than was indicated In President Roosevelt's budget estimates of last July. Ho forecast that tho fiscal year ending next June 30 would roll up a deficit o£ approximately $4,000,000,000. On this basis, ho expected the excess of expenditures in the last six months of 1938 to bo around $2,000,000,000. Actually they were approximately $1,500,000,000. Fiscal authorities confidently expect a smaller deficit for the next six months, although officials hard at work on new estimates of federal Income and expenses say they see no likelihood of a balanced budget next year. New estimates of Income and spending will be Incorporated in Mr. Roosevelt's annual budget message to be sent to congress next week, probably Thursday. The message will cover both the period until July 1 and the full fiscal year following that. FUNERAL SERVICES MRS. N.C. ROBERTS HELD QNJATURDAY Funeral services for Mrs. N. C. Roberts, aged 79 years, who died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Rube Owens, 720 West First avenue, Thursday night, were held at 2 o'clock Saturday afternoon from the Church of Christ. Interment was made in the Ward cemetery. Leslie G. Thomas, minister, conducted the rites. Mrs. Roberts had resided in j,. UY , u ™ ...„ .„„„, . uu04 ,»u, 0 „„. Pursley all of her life until she re- £orth, east, central, £uth and °ently came to Corsicana to re- ' - side. Surviving are three daughters, Mrs. Owens, Corsicana; Mrs. Pat Zarafonctls, B'orney, und Mrs. Will Matthews, Chickaslm, Okla.; two sons, John A. Roberts Goodrich, and W. B. Roberts, Purdon; nine grandchildren and six great- grandchildren, Pallbearers wore Beauford Barnes, Hurel Allman, Lloyd Roberts, William Bunch and Wlllard Myers. Corloy Funeral Home directed the arrangements. WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. — CP) — Attorney General Cummings recommended to congress today a constitutional amendment requiring all federal judges to retire at the age of 70. In a report covering his department's activities during the year ending last June 30, Cum- mlngs told tho 76th congress that ho believed such an amendment would be "In accord with the majority opinion of our people." He suggested, however, that the amendment should not apply to DID YOU.MAKE A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION* WITH ARRIVAL OF ff. >(. if, if, sf, >{. >{. if. if, 1939 AND WHERE IS IT TODAY By JAMES WILLIAMSON Dally Sun Staff. Come New Year's and we have the Resolution. The custom of making resolutions Is a great thing and now that it is January 2 we can view the practice perspectlvely. There is nothing like getting oft at a distance for an outlook on a subject. Dismiss It from the mind entirely and then sneak up on it. Sunday morning we regretted, but on Monday morning we rem- Inlsccnse. We remlnlscense on Monday morning because some time Sunday afternoon we made some resolutions. We must have slept them off, because Monday morning we were going to greet the world with a shining face—just like the sun- bright with new hope, new horizons, a polished slate, no eye clr- , j , , , • • •• SiU(l£>| u ijwitaiicu niuki^i «w »ij M •••• Judges now on tho bench, or to clea and ' a who i e new set of res- thoso whose appointments might The remainder of the year the Itate maintained an even and familiar tenor, battling boll weevils, drought and an epochal political campaign. There were no extremes of temperature, and apart from the regional floods in the Brady region, no extreme precipitation. The warmest day in Bast and North Texas was Oct. 1 with 10( degrees, and the coldest reported by the Dallas bureau was 22.2 on Nov. 27. The year-end saw two •uccesslve temperature drops with near-zero readings in the plains country. In East and North Texas, rainfall dwindled steadily from 3.37 Inches in January to .50 in,ch in September and the earth grew drier and shrubbery yellower until Christmas dawned with dripping skies over a broad area thai provided the most acceptable gif part of west Texas could ask for. Ban True to Form Through the year, however, Texas ran true to form, namely, that only newcomers and the foolish put the finger of prophecy upon it. While the cast, north and central portions dried out under cloudless skies, the range country of the Panhandle-Plains had unwarranted rainfall. That Is to say, records show that region generally Is dry before the sun shines eastward and southward and continues dry after the clouds return east of the 100th merldan. Therefore, rain was an event. Throughout the year reporting agencies recorded "gratifying rains," "Improved," "good" paas- turago, and "cattle enter the winter In good, or excellent shape." Accordingly, ranchers and livestock men ' carried more tonnage on the 2,000,000 cattle and calves, and* 2,500,000 sheep and lambs that went to market through November. "The weather is changing" is a saying current with late generations, but an eastern scientist neg- atived it after prolonged study of land and marine geology. He said "weather" badn't changed In 150,000 years. But grandfathers of the last centurfy know different. The snow was deeper and the winters colder when they truged eight miles to the little red schoolhouse than when their chlldrens' children were being educated. Year of Dallas Blizzard Futures grandfathers of 1899 "know this to be a fact because that was the year of Dallas' big blizzard. An imaginative news writer said on Feb. 13 that "the mercury fell with thuds that sounded like those of a man fall„ ing down a steep flight of stairs." • <: Regardless of the comparison, the merourfy did fall to 10 below Hero at 7 a.m., Feb. 12, the first 'of the two day storm, the coldest I,known at Dallas. A man at Ter> rell who had been in Texas 40 .years said he knew nothing to 'equal It. Feb. 12, 1933, the tem• perature was 63, "* , Business houses closed, and „ shortage of fuel and slippery re roads kept most people Indoors several days. Two ship captains ft., who' put into Galveston said it * \S7as so cold that vapor from the 'warm water of the Gulf would rise ;a few feet, then fall, into their '"teats as snow and coat them with Ice, L G. KERR GOES TO SAN FRANCISCO AS MUSlCJIRECTOR Lloyd G. Kerr will leave Monday for San Francisco, Calif., where he will assume his duties as director of Music and assistant to the producer of the Cavalcade of the Golden West at the Golden Gate International Exposition, which will open its gates on Feb. 18, 1939. Mr. Kerr held the same position with the Cavalcade of Texas In the Texas Centennial Exposition in 1936 at Dallas, and. In the Cavalcade of the Americas at the Pan-Amerlc n Exposition at Dallas In 1937. His work In these productions attracted tho attention of those In charge of the San Francisco Exposition feature and he was offered an to. taV „_ __ ... _ and assist In the direction of the Cavalcade there. ' Mr. Kerr has long been prominent In musical and production circles in Corsicana and the Southwest, and • at the present time is director of the choir of St. John's Episcopal church ai.i of tho Third Avenue Presbyterian church. The position he has accepted in San Francisco Is one of great resporslblllty and honor and his many Corsicana friends hope that It will merely ho a stepping stone to higher achievements. Mrs. Kerr and their daughter, Miss Margaret Kerr, will remain In Corsicana until the close of the term of the Corsicana school and will then go to San Francisco for the remainder of the exposition's run. attractive proposition charge of the music s Legend ably supports this phe- 1 ' nomenon. In the' days when the plains country was lonesome distances snow often was so deep that cattle frozen during a blizzard remained.'upright. In the spring standing skeletons greeted >, herds seeking early grass. Old- timers say it rained so hard in .West Texas in the 80s- buffalo -ouldn't walk through the soft ound and starved to death, "lalnsmen in frontier days did have the benefit of modem y» weather forecast, but experl- ;e taught ways to detect bad ather. There is a story that longhorn herds turned their toward the northwest the [Ing of the wind through their ns'indicated the degree of the If'the melody was a low ie gale was not likely to be axp.Uti when ,-the notes were (Uthe boys rode close herd, ^-ftnade devices now pro- •ihe weather days in ad- •Whloh makes the plains >r whlteface cattle. But .'the old-time boys were atlve about storms and in/the Panhandle. They had ;I'!make romances of both. :'Survjvor of laine Disaster Is ^ From Navy , DIEGO, Calif., Jan, 2.-<ff) was just a young midship- writing a letter home when ... blast shattered the battle- 5(Maine in Havana harbor the •- ilr of February 16, 1898, and 68 ol the 328 members of ,evr to their deaths. Jw«ho , was Rear Admiral |T?yler Ql\iverlus, u. S. N.. rHjs ,hung ; up his sword .aside h|a cooked hat yes- of the Negroes Arrested In Possession Cows Stolen at Trinidad Two negroes were arrested by city officers Saturday morning In possession of two cows which were lated found to have been stolen from Boone Reynolds who lives on the Goodman Ranch north of Trlti- idad. The negroes were released to Henderson county authorities. A negro was arrested by city officers early Monday morning near a cafe on Highway 75 on charges of intoxication, disturbing the 'peace, and carrying a pistol. He is reported to have threatened the negro cook at tho cafe with a gun. A slot machine was reported confiscated at a local cafe Saturday by Deterctlve Jeff Spencer and Deputy Sheriff Alton Bvad ley. Tennessee Valley Authority Hopes Be Out Red in June WASHINGTON, Jan. 2,—(ff)— The Tennessee Valley Authority expects its power operations to be "out of the red" when it closes its books next June 30, The agency's annual report, released yesterday, estimated that TVA would show a $300,000 profit on power, navigation and flood control in fiscal 1939. In 1940. profits are expected to exceed $1,000,000, nearly all of which would come from the sale of electricity. Power, operations showed a deficit of fl.lBB,000 In the year ending last June 30, the report said, and a deficit of $3.241,375 in the flev years of TVA's existence. Easy, convenient, Cheap • • Just You* Want Ad to 169, be confirmed prior to the amendment's adoption. The attorney general also submitted recommendations of the judicial conference, headed by Chief Justice Hughes of the supreme court, for establishment of 13 new federal Judgeshlps. Cummlngs said he believed that the new Judgeshlps were "amply justified." The attorney general also proposed that: A permanent administrative officer be appointed by the supremo court to supervise the fedral docket and perform administrative functions now vested In the justice department. The supreme court draft new rules of procedure for criminal cases tied In federal courts. Federal probation officers be appointed henceforth by the attorney general Instead of by district courts. The federal firearms law be expanded to require registration of pistols and revolvers. To Permit Suing United States. An act be passed permitting the United States to be sued for property or personal damages resulting from government employes' negligence. U. S. Commissioner? be allowed to try petty offenses committed on federal reservations. Cummings also suggested several technical, procedural changes for criminal trials. He recommended that defendants be permitted to waive Indictment by grand Jury; that prosecutors be permitted to comment on a defendant's failure to testify; that defendants be required to give advance notice of their Intention to offer an alibi defense; and that the government be permitted to appeal form any court order sustaining a demurrer. Briefly touching on antitrust matters, Cummlngs urged appropriation of additional funds for antitrust enforcement. Prosecution of any major antitrust case, he estimated, costs tho government approximately $100,000. "It is futile to pass laws, or even retain existing ones, with tho exception that they will be enforced unless the department of justice Is supplied with personnel and appropriations adequate to the task," he asserted. 'To adopt any other course Is to 'keep the word of promise to our ear and break it to our hope'." More Money For G-Men. Cummlngs also asked additional appropriations for the G-men who, he said, were "hampered" In 193637 by insufficient funds. He proposed that a special fund set aside by congress last Jun- 25 for special needs of the bureau of Investigation be made permanent. Statistics offered by Solicitor General Robert H. Jackson showed that the supreme court disposed of a greater percentage of cases on Its docket during the 1937 term .nan during any term since 1925. ?he high tribunal disposed of 1,004 of the 1,069 cases on Its dockets during the 1937 term. Cummlngs left to Thurman W. Arnold, former Yale professor who replaced Jackson as chief of the administration's trust-busters last March 21, the task of outlining the department's policy tow", rd monopolies. Arnold, a frequent writer on economic subjects, used 15 )ages In the body of tho report o discuss antitrust matters but added a 159-page "appendix." Conditions which led to nationwide interest in antitrust prob- ems arose, Arnold said, "out of he recent depression which threw nto bold relief our inability to utilize our productive capacity because goods could not be disturbed at going price levels." Not Complete Solution. Present antitrust laws do not offer "a complete solution" Arnold said, and the only alternative, if Industry fails to solve the problem of efficient use of modern industrial machinery and or- ranizatlon, Is centralized contol. Neither In big nor lit'.' industry, 16 added, have the antitrust laws 'prevented the arbitrary seizure and use of economic power in prl- vat hands without public responsibility." The Justice department has no ntentlon, Arnold emphasized, of entering the dispute among economists as to whether combines between largo or small organizations entail the most damaging econom- o effects; • "It is sufficient for our purposes" he said, "to recognize that the antitrust laws have not been competent to prevent combinations in either area." The nation can only have "Intel' llgent" antitrust enforcement, Arnold added, only when the antl- olutlons. Wo didn't. No Hasty Analysis. Ferspectlvely, the New Years resolution is worthy of more than a hasty analysis. It must be probed, defined, taken apart and put together again. We must see what makes a resolution tick. Three things come under consideration: (1) source, (3) types, (3) purposes. Harking baclt to the dlnosau- rlal period of civilization, we find the derivative of all resolutions. On a frosty New Year's morn- Ing in the year 0000, a skin-clad figure marched forth from his cave and said in his own quaint gibberish: "Today I resolve never to club my neighbor," the figure said. "Hereafter I will use a blackjack." It was tho dawn of a new day. The first resolution had been made. The cave man's resolution, tho antecedent of all resolutions, was of tho type known as the "Worthy Purpose" or "Great Cause" resolution. It has a counterpart in modern times. Must Be Itemized, Today, In this -vorjd of hustle, bustles and hoop skirts, the "Worthy Purpose" or "Great Cause" type of resolution is the kind most often used to start the new year right. It (s singular In content and Is contrasted with the multiform type of resolution which has to be itemized like a grocery list. The multi-form consists of many minor resolutions while the singu- lar form Is only one resolution. The advantage of the singular type Is obvious. It Is much easier to forget one resolution ths,n six resolutions. A standard example of the singular or all-inclusive resolution is one we often hear made. It sounds something like this: "This year," said the man, "I will be a better man," Or when said by the stronger sex: "This year," said the woman, 'I will be a lady." The other type of resolution, the multi-form, is usually made by a mercenary individual. He composes his "resolutions like he would a Christmas list. There is a resolution his wife he for everybody, resolves to let For her mind his business; for his recre- tary, he resolves to keep his mind on his buslnnsn- and for everybody he resolves to mind his own business. He lets the world, know about his resolutions and therefore everybody is happy. Purpose of Resolution. What purpose doo« the New Year's resolution serve? Its purposes arc manifold. The New Years' resolution gives a fresh start. A place to begin again, spotless and full of good intent. Tho New Year's resolution Is comparable to spring cleaning for the house or an annual dose of calomel. The past Is put behind and on January 2 we emerge purged and sparkling. The New Year's res' olutlon then Is a cleanser, like Lux or P. and G. In conclusion, It Is logical to conclude that the resolution is here to stay. Brief as Its well Intentloned life may be, It does not pass away. After January 2 It lies dormant—alone und forgotten. But January 1 the following year It Is born anew. Discarded, abused, broken and Ill-spent, the New Year's, resolution Is a problem child to bo treated kindly or abolished ent-lre ly. Like the infamous poet, who DAREEY UNANIMOUS CHOICE AS MAJORITY LEADERJF SENATE SENATORS IN LOVE FEAST IN TWENTY-MINUTE CAUCUS IN CAPITAL SATURDAY WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.—<ff>— Senate Democrats unanimously reelected Senator Barkley (D-Ky) aa majority leader at a harmonious meeting today. Their caucus lasted 20 minutes. There were general expressions of friendship and good will among senators who have differed widely on legislative Issues In the past. Barkley was re-elected on the motion of Senator Pitman (D- Nev). Senator Harrison (D-Mlss) served as temporary chairman of the caucus. It was Harrison whom Barkley defeated for the leadership by a single vote last year. The caucus unanimously re-elected Senator Lewis (D-I11.) party whip and Senator Mlnton (D-Ind) assistant whip. Senator Lee (D- Okln.) was designated secretary of the Democratic conference, a post which has been vacant since Hugo Black" resigned from the senate to become an associate Justice of the supreme court After the conference, Barkley aid the meeting "augers well" said: "After running around In • convolutions We resolve to make no More resolutions. , We shall stay tho way We am Because we do not give A darn." trust dlvllson is large enough "to cover industrial areas instead of an occasional case." Good Start Toward Membership Liars 1 Club By Golfer BAY CITY, Jan, 2.— <ff)— Paris A. Smith, definitely seeks no liars' club honors, out offered this story today as a starter for the new year. ' He played golf yesterday. He drove off, lost sight of the. ball and heard it strike something. Down on tho fairway he came upon the ball and 60 feet away a teal duck was floundering tn its, death struggle. Its head had been smashed, " Smith, "admitting he hadn't seen TWELFTH GOVERNOR INAUGURATED TODAY FOR NEW MEXICO \ SANTA FE. N. M.. Jan. 2.—(ff) —New Mexicans crowded Into this state capltol today for the Inauguration of their twelfth governor since statehood—Democratic John E. Miles, ono-tlmb rancher, merchant and county official. Hotels and camp grounds were crowded, Reservations for the formal inaugural at noon long slnec were exhausted. The largest attendance in history was expected for the inaugural ball tonight. The activities opened at 10 o'clock with the inaugural- parade, followed at 11:30 by the inaugural sedemony In the atate house of representatives chamber. In the afternoon, the new governor and First Lady greeted the public at the inaugural reception. Before this ceremony, the state's new elective official family were to take their oaths of office in a number of semi-private ceremonies. . Retiring Governor Clyde Tingley, ending four years as the state's chief executive, was scheduled to speak briefly at the Inaugural ceremonies before leaving for Albuquerque, his home. DUSINESS LEADERS EXPRESSED GENERAL PROSPERITY BELIEF •NEW_YORK. Deo. so.—<ff>- Amerlcan business leaders today expressed a general, though comparatively restrained, belief that Lho year 1839 will witness improved economic conditions in the United States. Throughout most of their predictions, however, ran a note of uncertainty as to the possible effects of trouble overseas. Maj. Gen. James G. Harbord, chairman of the board of Radio Corporation of America, summed up the majority opinion with the statement: "If one fact has emerged from the welter of terror and brutality which has submerged vast portions of, the world during the past year, it Is that Americans are lucky to be Americans. "Conditions elsewhere are steadily strengthening, our appreciation of out own form of government, under which we may change anything that a majority of us do not like. We are slowly but very surely working out ou rown salvation in a changing and turbulent world." Optimism for the future was expressed by C. M. Chester, chairman of General Foods Corporation, who said: "Employment in many industries will be helped by "the food industry in 1939, as it was in 1938. "Probably we are on the verge Of a period of general economic Improvement. This may be spasmodic and irregular, but the long- range view seems hopeful." Personal • B, R, Bonner of Eureka was here Monday. R. P. Walker of Kerens was in Corsicana Monday. G. H, Campbell of Rlchland was here Monday, '.-.*•• J, F, Slater of Brushy, Prairie was here Monday morning. J. N. George of Blooming Grove, county oommlslsoner, .was a business visitor here Monday morning, 0. O. Slaughter of Currle, county commissioner^ was here Mon- APPROXIMATELY 1300 CATTLE RECEIVED ON FORT WORTH MARKET FORT WORTH. Jan. 2.—(ff>— The first market day of the new year witnessed the arrival of about 1,300 cattle at Fovt Worth. The Chicago and St Paul markets were closed, but moat of the other major market centers were open today. Tho local trade was active and all classes ruled strong with occasional sales a trifle hlehcr. Practically everything was out of first hands during the early rounds. Two loads of good to choice two- year old fed steers brought 10.00. Calf receipts were posted at 800 head. The trade was active and steady to 25 cents higher. Most of the slaughter offerings were plain and medium kinds. Hog receipts wore estimated at 600 head. Tho market held steady with Friday's avoracre. Sheep and lamb supplies were figured at 1,500 head. All classes ruled strong. Some good tochoics fat lambs brought 8.00 and a string of similar grade yearlings mado 7.00. Two Killed Result Dispute Over Use Mountain Outhouse GRASS VALLEY, Calif., Jan. 2. —(ff)—A mountain feud over the use of an old-fashioned outhouse flared Into fatal gunfire hero New Year's Day. In the morgue today lay James Root, 34, a laborer, and Arthur Lavalley, 36, a WPA timekeeper both dead of gunshot wounds. In jail were Irl R. Blackwood 46, WPA worker, and his wife Irene, arrested by Sheriff Car Tobiassen who said witnesses hac connected them with the burs 1 of gunfire which killed Root and Lavalley before the outhouse. Mrs Rqot, Mrs. Lavalley, Arthur Maule, a miner, George Martin and Arthur Shepard were nek as material witnesses. Sheriff Tobaissen said the outhouse was located on property owned by Blackwood. He said he was told Lavalley had ripped a look from the door of the *mal structure. Blackwood, carrying a gun "to avoid trouble," went to investigate. Aged Woman Beaten To Death on Way Home From Party PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2,—(ff)— Seventy-year old Mrs. Julia Juhasz was beaten to death today in an alley she passed walking home alone from a New Year party, Detectives said her assallan apparently was frightened awaji before he could strip rings from her fingers or take from ho purse $7 that had oeen collectei at the party as a gift for her. Her screams went disregarded Residents near the ally though the outcries came from New Year celebrants. Suspected Doctor Strangling Wif COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo Jan. 2.—(ff)—Officers today quote William E. Hoffman, 20-year-ol student who lived at the home o Dr. Raymond L, Atterberry, Cano City osteopath charged with th murder of his wife, as saying h pnce suspected the osteopat strangling his wife, but that At terberry denied he did so. or a harmonious session. There were numerous signs, DESPERATE INMATES iPtAf OF SERMAflY HOSPITAL CRIMW" TfllGREASENAVY INSANE IN ESCAPE IS NEW SURPRIS meanwhile, that the admlnlstra- .on la courting Vice President Darner's co-operation during the oming congressional session. Against Some New Deal Flans.' The jovial, chunky vice presl- cnt, who has been credited with sing his Influence against some ast New Deal legislative propos- 1s, has held an endless series of onfcrences with administration fflclals and congress members Inco his return from his Uvalde, 'Yxas, homo. Two of the callers at his office csterday were Secretary Wallace ami Harry Hopkins, newly-ap- lolntod secretary of commerce. Others Included Mayor La Guar- la of Now York and Representa- Ive Rayburn (D-Texas), the house nnjortly leader. Whllo nono of yesterday's call- rs would discuss his conversa- Ions with the vice president, cap:al speculation was along this 'ne: Wallace — Outlined administra- lon's forthcoming farm recom- F mendatlons and asked Garner to upport them. Hopkins—Detailed his admlnls- ratlon of WPA, discussed possible hanges In the relict setup and ila nomination to be secretary of ommerce. La Guardla—Urged that congress provide ample relief funds. Rayburn—Talked politics and methods or sodidylng divergent Democratic factions in the next esslon. Senate Republicans will caucus ^ueaday and house Democrats and Republicans will hold their sopa- •ato meetings Monday. Transportation Hearings. WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.—(ff>— Chairman Lea (D-Callf) said today ho would try to get hearings on general transportation leglsla- lon started before the house In- :erstato commerce committee by Jan. 17. He said members of the interstate commerce commission probably would be the first witnesses and would be followed by representatives of railroads and labor. Lea said he would Introduce next week a "general transportation bill" which would contain most suggestions for aid to the railroads advanced by the carriers themselves, as well as those of the president's six-man commission which ubmltted its report a week ago. Martin Republican Lender? WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.—<ff>Representative Wadsworth of New York, candidate for the louse republican leadership, said today it appeared likely Representative Martin of Massachusetts would win the post. House Republicans will caucus Monday night to select a leader to succeed Representative Snell of New York, who is retiring from congress. CLEVELAND, Jan. 2.—(ff)—An alert Cleveland detective recognlz' ed and arrested today one of five desperate inmates Who escaped yes- terday'from the state hospital for the criminally Insane at Lima, O. Tho police official, Detective Sergeant James J. McDonald, quoted the convicted robber, 26-year-old Russell Nucklea of Cleveland, as saying he left the other four at Fort Wayne, Ind., and rode a freight train back to Cleveland. McDonald, riding today with three other policemen, had arrested Nuckles several months ago when he was convicted of committing, with a companion, eleven holdups of "spooners' in a city park. CLEVELAND Jan. 2.—(ff)— Cleveland police arrested today Russell Nuckles of Cleveland, one of five desperate inmates who escaped yesterday from the state hospital for the criminally insane at Lima, O. Details of the arrest of Nuckles, formerly a Mansfield reformatory inmate, could not be learned Immediately. Police who made the arrest were questioning him and could not be reached. Police headquarters said none of the other four who overpowered a quartet of attendants and escaped in a stolen automobile was under arrest. LIMA, O., Jan. 2.—(ff)—Authorities widened their search today for five desperate Inmates of the state hospital for the criminally Insane who overpowered four attendants and escaped in a stolen automobile. Dr. E. H. Crawfls, assistant hospital superintendent, described the quintet as "very dangerous and very violent," and warned that they were armed with two straight razors and a hatchet, which they used to chop their way through a door yesterday. The fugitives, Dr. Crawfis said, were: Frank Halnes of Chicago; Marlon Pierce, Indianapolis negro; William Blatz, a native of Maine; William Brucks, Highland county, O. .slayer, and Russel Nucltles of Cleveland. EUROPE'S GIGANTIC REARMAMENT RACE BECOMES MORE INTENSIFIED By WITT HANCOCK : \ LONDON, Deo. 31.—(ff>-Nazl-v Germany's surprise plans for a ~ bigger navy to complement her powerful air force and army threatened today to Intensify Europe's gigantic rearmament raoe. As a parting. shot to the year which brought him to many tri-tf umphs, Chancellor Hitler notified • London that Germany intended to more than double her submarine strength, bringing it to parity with Great Britain's. Germany was understood to be laying plans to begin mass production of a revolutionary type of "minnow" submarine. She also will build two new 10,000-ton crusers. A communique issued here and in Berlin said Germany would "in due course give- a definite reply In writing" as to Hitler's reasons for seeking submarine parity and as to whether flermany intend* to exercise its full rights under her naval pacts with Britain. The communique added that the discussion of the relish's naval Intentions In Berlin were held "1 the most friendly atmosphere.'.! The British naval mission whl_. had flown secretly to-Berlln fb: these discussions left by. plane f' London, Carrying an outline/,'. Germany's expanded program,';, according to Berlin sources, ' ' aurances that Hitler Intends keep his total naval tonnage within 35 per cent of Britain'* total. The Berlin • discussion's were in keeping with the 1935 Anglo-German naval treaty's provision that when Germany found herself con-, granted with an international situation requiring her to, exceed 45 per cent of Britain's 'submarine .dly TEXAS' THREE NEW CWWEU ARE READY FOR SERVICE day morning. ths ball hit the bird, sajd n.el Doo Bell of Eureka wan a Cor* " ntiok to, MJI ttofy. " ~' '—»-"— --—----- - WASHINGTON. Deo. 31.—(ff)— Texas' three new members-elect of congress are on hand and ready for the opening of the session Tuesday. Representatives-elect Kllday of San Antonio and Gossett of Wichita Falls arrived Thursday. Youthful Llndley Beckworth, 25, of Gllmer, has been here more than a week. • All called soon after their arrival on House Majority Leader Rayburn, a fellow-Texan, "Just to pay tholr respects." The question of committee assignments Is uppermost in the minds of all three newcomers. Rayburn has • much to do with the filling of committee vacancies. Kllday seeks appointment to the military affairs committee, an assignment held by the man he defeated, Representative Maury Maverick. Both Gossett and Beckworth have expressed a desire .for appointment to the agriculture committee. Because Texas already has two members In the agriculture committee, Chairman Jones of Amarillo and Kleberg of Corpus Christl, it is believed there Is little probability any vacancies on that group will go to others of the state's congressional delegation. Presented In Tokyo TOKYO, Doe. 31.—(ff)—The United States today formally rejected Japan's note of November 18 declaring that the ."open door" principle in China would be replaced by a "new order." Ambasasdor Joseph C. Grew handed the. United States' note to Renzo Sawada, vice minister ol foreign affairs, after they had conferred briefly at the foreign office. The rejected Japanese 'note was a reply to a United States protest October 6 against- alleged viola- Police Chief Hugh R. Harper i tions of American rights In China, and Detective Inspector I. B. Bruce] Neither" Ambassador Grew nor said Hoffman told them hls J sUs- ' ' "" INCOME AND OUTGO TWO MAJOR PARTIES 193HNNOUNCED WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.—(ff)—The republican national committee reported today it had received $1,572,985 and paid out $1,678,295 In 1838—a year : which brought the party sizeable gains in congress and in the states. The democratic national committee reported receipts of $1,041,668.98 and expedlturcs of $1,039,843.13 for the fiscal year. The statement was filed with tho house clerk, in accordance with he corrupt practices act. After adding to its receipts a balaco of $8,495 carried over from 1937, the democratic committee figured It had a balance of $10,330 at the end of the year. But It also had unpaid obligations of $234,The democratic committee reported payment of a $175,000 loan to the Bank of Manhattan, Now York, on Nov. 4. On the same day $100,000 was borrowed from the Manufacturers Trust company of New York. The latter amount was listed among the debt along with $40,000 owed Sol Rosenblatt of New York and $9,280.79 for telephone services due the Chesapeake and Potomlc Telephone company of Washington. The democratic national congressional committee reported contributions of $5,588 and expenditures of $3,629 for 1938. while the democratic congressional campaign committee, a separate group, took in $33,050 and spent an oven $33,000. The republican senatorial campaign committee said It had receipts of $161,050 for 1938 and had paid out $158,053. It costs the republicans $11,037 to run their national speakers bureau last year, but the bureau's 'receipts added up to $12,500. MASS FLIGHT OF 48 GIANT BOMBERS IN NEW AIR MOVEMENT tonnage there should be consultation with Britain. AVatehlnjf Closely.' Nazi authorities were said to ba «, watching closely the big building f programs of the United States and France and to want to bring their' own fleet up to the maximum permitted by the pacts with England. Full Information on the sltua- lon will be dispatched Immediately to Prime Minister Chamberlain, spending the holidays in Yorkshire. This unexpected turn In the European picture may have an "mportant effect upon Chambor- aln's talks January 11-14 with Premier Mussolini in Rome. Under the Anglo-German naval treaty, Germany agreed to restrict herself to 35 per cent of British tonnage In every category* ' but submarines. She agreea to limit her U-boat strength-^lo -45 per cent of Brlttaln's. But it was further agreed that Germany had the right, If she deemed it neces- / sary, to build up to the full British submarine tonnage after, "friendly discussion" between the two countries. Britain has been trying; appar-' enlly In vain, to persuade Germany there Is no Imperatiye>--Tlg6a for her to build a vast submarine^ fleet, while Berlin has held "the Soviet threat" as ju»V Hon. Germany was expected ahead regardless of the BrltTI attitude, but at the same time she was understood to be anxious not to shatter her naval treaty with Britain. SAN PEDRO,' Calif., Jan. 2.—t/P> —A mass flight of 48 twin-motored patrol bombing planes will mark the movement, beginning today, of 95 of. the United States fleet's fighting ships from the San Pedro-San Diego area to the Caribbean-North Atlantic war games. Tho aircraft carriers Saratoga and Lexington leave here late today for San Diego to take aboard 70 airplanes and their personnel. Simultaneously Rear t Admiral Charles A. Blaknlnv. nommander of the aircraft scouting force, sails from San Diego aboard the flagship Memphis for Panaba, there to await the 48 patrol bombers, which will take off next Monday. Tho long flight of the navy aircraft will take them along the Mexican west coast to the Gull of Fon&eca, over the jungle site of the proposed Nicaraguan canal to Chirlqul Lagoon in the Caribbean and thence to Coco Solo, C. Z. Refueling at Coco Solo, the bombers will take off on the second leg to Aruba, West Indies, where they will base to take part in the fleet problem 20. GERMAN NEWSPAPERS LASHED AT AMERICA AS OLD JAR DIES ADOLF HITLER SETS NAZI- DOM ON ROAD TO DESTINY FOR COMING YEAR. By LYNN HEINZEBLINO BERLIN, Dec. 31.—(ff)—German/ newspapers lashed at tho United, States government today as Adolf Hitler set nazidom on its "road of destiny" for 1939 with the admonition that the army must be strengthened. World Jewry Is the.American farmers' "throat cutter" and Secretary of Interior Ickes their "general agent," newspapers declared,' assailing the "Roosevelt regime." The ctory of Germany's protest against Ickes'' Cleveland speech ol Dec. 18 and tho state department's rejection Dec. 21 was splashed on almost all front pages under such headlines as "Sharpest German Protest Against Lie Campaign of United States Mlnist Ickes." A communique issued yesterda by the official news agency, DN~ warning that there was no ho; of Improving Gorman-America! relations as long as. the state dr partment defended Ickes, gav the German public Its'", first** knowledge of the Ickes Incident. ?, ., Reichsfuehrer Hitler's hopes, for), , 1939 were expressed in a New../-, j Year's message bearing the ,wish i' r . : "that we may succeed in oontrjb-.;,' v uting to general appeasement - of " the world." * X'*' Hitler .reaffirmed continuance of the Rome-Berlin axis and referred • to 1938, when Austria and Czeoho-,..' Slovakia's Sudentenland were adr - ded to the reich, as "the year °t,, 'i the richest harvest in our- his--,,;.- tory." . v>v ' * * *** "Germany's course has been lined and fixed," he said <6t ... JlA elgn affairs, "x x x The ;i .qbl)ga- , Hons which arise out "of t i ^our^' piplons were aroused after Mrs. Mona Atterberry's body was found Deo, 91 at the foot of basement the foreign office would comment on the new note or disclose Its details. Compulsory Service In Homes or Farms For German Girls BERLIN, Jan. 2.—(ff>—One year of "labor service" on farms or in households became compulsory yesterday for 400,000 German girls, as part of Germany's four-year plan for .self-sufficiency. Labor service previously had been partly voluntary. It lasted, only six months and attracted about 200,000 fraulelns a: year. Now, 'compulsory labor applies to all Unmarried girls between the ages of 18 and 25 years except for those physically disabled. It was said to nave two purposes— to relieve overworked farm wives and housewives and to, arouse interest among girls in farming and friendship- for Fascist Italy.; are clear and unbreakable." iSy; ( ' Tasks he set for Germaiiy in the coming year included strength,-'.i enlng of the army, continued-nazj education of the people, anjjfr"" oution of the four-year pitta economic self-sufficiency, 4 Mountain Folk 'Last Resped long fast and since then." < «teps in heir Canon .City how. ' STOOPING OAK, —(ff)— Neighboring mou trudged to a little qabln w today to pay their last,^ 1 Jackson Whitlow, 46, wlj .ed from food for 52 da on "instructions from th Whitlow died Saturday or refusing medical assli. Doctors from nearby said his death was was caw perjo4fo" " ~i

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