H Twke-A-Week Vuitor The Semi-Weekly Morning Light carrlM local, itate and world oewi into thousand! of rural homes In Navarro and surrounding counties twice each week. Every worthwhile Item of news from every point la thoroughly covered. Fifty Year* of Service The Semi-Weekly Morning Light has been an outstanding progressive newspaper, working (or the advancement of the rural communities ol Navurro and adjacent counties for more than fifty years. Its success Is sound up with the growth of Rural life. FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE VOL. LIL CORSICANA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1938. —TWELVE PAGES NO. 121, NEW COLD WAVE OVER NATION WETS AND BUYS IN TEXAS APPARENLTY DEADLOCKED TODAY NEITHER SIDE ACHIEVED ANYTHING SPECTACULAR DURING PAST YEAR By KAY NEUMANN AUSTIN, Dec. 29.—W— The end of 1938 finds the battle between Texas wets and drys in a deadlock, neither side having achieved anything spectacular during the year. While local option elections were being run off at a rate of almost two a week, liquor and beer guzzling fell off somewhat, state liquor board statistics show. The drys picked up four precincts and lost one county In the final score on 90 local elections. Sixty-seven elections re' suited In no change of status. Six wet counties and seven wet precincts voted dry while seven dry counties and three dry pre- <ctncts voted wet. One election /was voided and two contested. . Liquor consumption declined /hut 27,000 gallons to a total of JjO.OOO while beer dropped more ban 1,800,000 gallons to 45,500,000. Liquor drinking amounted to .61 of a gallon per capita and beer figured 7.63 nearly 1,400,000 gallons of wine were consumed during the year. Administrator Bert Ford attributed the decline in' drinking to a "wearing off" of the newness v;hlch stimulated consumption during the period following repeal. He said the local option elections seemed to Indicate "there has been little change In opinion." State Income Through liquor, wine and beer taxation the state netted slightly over $6,500,000, reflecting a de- See WETS-DRYS, Page" 2. Sales By Texas Retail Stores In November Gain WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.—(/P)— Commerce department figures showed today that sales of 1,277 independent retail stores In Texas increased during November four and one-half per cent over the dollar volume for October. The greatest gain was registered Lubbock, where sales increas- 28 per cent. Other Texas clt- ies> showing large gains, and the percentage increase in each were: AmJ/rillo, > 12; Pampa, 11; Houston,! ilOfgdpl Paso, 8; Fort Worth, 8; fGalye«on, 9; Fort Arthur, 8; W8i.CO,.%T JBy population groups, changes Irt dollar volume in November from 'October were: Cities 100,'000 and over—5.3 per cent gain; 80,000 to 100,000—.3 per cent gain; 25,000 to 50,000—0.3 per cent de- sline; 10,000 to 25,000—8.5 per cent gain; 5,000 to 10,000—1 per fcent gain; 2,500 to to 5,000—11.7 • per cent gain. RAILROADING ON DEATH ROW Joe Arridy was happy In the Canon City, Colo., penitentiary with a toy train given him by -Warden Roy Best for Christmas—his last unless his execution ordemfl^n January Is set aside. Joe, with what the court held was the mind of achlld, seems unaware of his impending execution. Traffic Deaths. Expected Show Heavy Decrease CHICAGO, Dec. 29.—(/P>—Traffic deaths in the United States this year, according to a prediction by the National Safety Council, would total 31,500—the lowest for any year since 1933—if the trend of the first 11 months continued through December. The council's expected 1938 total would shew a reduction of 8,000 from the all-time high of 39,500 marked up last year and the largest decline for any one year In the nation's history. In November, for the 13th consecutive month, fatalities decreased as compared with the corresponding month a year ago. Last month's total of 2,110 was 17 per cent less than In November, 1937. Since the first of the year to Dec. 1 the council reported 28,370 persons were killed in automobile accidents, compared with 35,770 for the corresponding period last year. DIPLOMATS WATCHING SWIFTLY MOVING STEPS BEING TAKEN IN UKRAINE TO PROTECT DISTRICT Realestate Takes On New Life With NumberDealsMade A number of resldentla property sates wore announced Thursday by'Mrs, Billio Peck, local real estate broken who handled the dealt). Mrs. Mary Denny of Roane, mother of Arthur Pope has moved estate broken who handled the a cottage at 104 Woodlawn avenue, Neece Addition, recently purchased from Herbert Soape, of Corpus Christ!. ' Mrs. Murtha Eastorland Montford, of Chatfield, has acquired Mrs, Bertie Markley's home at 1811 Elmwood in Jester Place which she expects to make her town home. J. C. Watson, Barry, new county superintendent of public Instruction has bought the S, J. Miles suburban home, situated on six ncros of land on the Orphans Home Road, Mr. and Mrs. Miles are moving Into the Spencer home on Park avenue In a few days, and tho Watson family expect to settled In their new quarters - „— the middle of January, ' |, K E. Pike has bought a lot '•across from the Robert E. Lee school on Fourth avenue and expects to build a house on It immediately, Charles Stokes, has acquired a lot adjoining the E. E. Pike lot and In the near future will build a home on this proeprty. Mre. Peck reports a number of other reoal estate deals In the making which will b« announced i in B few days. By CHARLES P. NUTTER WASHINGTON, Dec. 29— (#)— Diplomatic circles here are taking note of several swift moving steps by the Soviet Union to protect the Ukraine, which observers believe will become tho Europan trouble spot of -1939. These Include speeding up of Soviet defenses within the Ukraine proper, further purging of malcontent Clements there, eliminating bolder differences with neighboring states, and closing of an Italian consulate in Odessa. (Tho Soviets suspected the consulate devoted more attention to political than to commercial affairs.) ' Only this week the Soviet government reached an agreement with Finland over long standing border problems. It recently has concluded a new trade agreement with Poland. Reports to Washington are than the Soviets are busy working out problems with all border states through which Germany might try to bring pressure for establishment of a United Ukraine republic, The Soviet government already had prepared formidable defenses along the Ukraine-Polish frontier and recent reports have been this work was Intensified after the Munich agreement of last September. Observers here believe the German push on the Ukraine, If It materializes, will take the form of covert or open support of an Ukraine independence movement. This might hinge on a little known provision of the Soviet constitution which grants anv constituent republic, such as the Ukraine the right to secede from tho union. Despite this provision, however the Kremlin has dealt with an Iron hand with the separationist groups OPPOSING ARMIES IN SPAIN BATTLE UPON ABOUT EVEN TERMS COMING VISIT~OF CHAMBERLAIN TO ROME MAY HAVE EFFECT ITALO-FRENCH ROW By The Associated Press. Opposing armies in Spain battled on almost even t'-ms today while strife over Italian aspiration- for French territory narrowed down to two areas—Turwsla, French protectorate in North At- rlca, and Djibouti, port of French Somaliland in East Africa. Despite Spanish in-urgent re ports that 20 government warplanes were shot down in the greatest air battle of the six-day- old offensive in Catalonia, Generalissimo Francisco Franco's gains apparently were of minor consequence. The French-Italian issue marked time under the shadow of British Prime Minister Chamberlain's expected visit to Rome next Jan. 11. Chamberlain was said to have promised to keep the controversy over Djibouti out of the discussions he plans with Italian Premier Mussolini. It was believed, however, that he would have difficulty ruling out talk concerning Tunisia which Is linked inextricably with any consideration of the Medterranean status quo. The French, meanwhile made show of firmness and readiness with two warships steaming to Djibouto .and French Senegalese troops ready to embark at Marseille to reinforce the East African garrison. Italy was reported in diplomatic circles to have Indicated that s"ne will seek to internationalize Tunisia. DR. H. P. RAINEY NAMED PRESIDENT OF TEXASJINIYERSITY DIRECTOR AMERICAN YOUTH COMMISSION SELECTED BY REGENTS end of the school term in Randall said. AUSTIN, Dec. 29.—(#>)—Selection of Dr. Homer Price Rainey, director of the American Youth Commission, as president of the University of Texas was announced here today by Dr. Edward Randall of Galveston, chairman of the board of regents. Dr. Rainey will make several trips to the University In the next six months but will not take over the presidency until the June, The selection ended 18 months search for a successor to Dr. H. Y. Benedict, who died in May, 1937. Dr. Rainey Is 42 years old. He is a former president of Bucknell University in Pennsylvania and of Franklin College in, Indiana. Randall said negotiations with Rainey,had been under way some time and his choice had been supported by both faculty and advisory committees. "Dr. Rainey Is one of the outstanding men in education in the United States and we arc confident he will give our university vigorous and Intelligent leadership," Randall said. The regent made public a statement of acceptance by Rainey which said: "There Is a splendid future for the University of Texas, I believe, for it occupies a strategic position from many points of view. On thn other hand I accept this presidency with a deep sense of obligation." I am fully conscious of the MEMBER OF STOCK EXCHANGE EXPELLED FROM MEMBERSHIP J. A. SISTO EXPELLED ON THREE GENERAL CHARGES THURSDAY MORNING REBELS GAIN IN CATALONIA great responsibilities it involves. To the people of Texas I offer the full use of whatever talents and i qualities of leadership I possess I and in turn I earnestly solicit the | active help and support of the en-1 tire citizenship of the state that together we may realize their SOP RAINEY, Page 11 Johnson Protests Removal of Local NYA Supervisor WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.—!/P)— Representative Luther Johnson (D-Tex) said today he had protested the removal December 31 of Mrs. C. J. Colp as supervisor of a National Youth Administration project for girls in Corsicana. Johnson received a telegram recently from J. C. Kellam, Texas NYA director in Austin, explaining why the removal was necessary. The message, in response to Johnson's protest, stated: "Failure of the vocational division of the state department of education to provide a home economics teacher has made it necessary to change our original plans. "In view of your Interest, however, I shall make every effort to work out a satisfactory solution." Johnson declared the only solution satisfactory to him would be the retention of Mrs. Colp in her present position. The representative told Kellam Mrs. Colp had done good work and her removal would cripple local co-operation and seriously handicap further development and continuance of the project. NEW YORK, Dec. 29.— (IP}— The New York Stock Exchange today expelled from membership J. A. Sisto, general partner in J. A. Sisto and Co., for improper business conduct. Sisto in 1932 was prominently involved by Samuel Scahury in the removal charges against former Mayor James J. Walker in connection with an alleged gift to Walker by Sisto of bonds worth more than $26,000. Today's expulsion was the first since that of Richard Whitney, former president of the exchange- now serving a sentence In Sing! Sing prison. I Whitney was expelled last spring. The expulsion of Sisto grew out of discoveries made by Auditors for the exchange making routine examination of the books of members. Immediately following the expulsion today, State Attorney General John J. Bennett, Jr., ordered AssUtant Attorney General Ambrose V. McCall In charge of the securities fraud bureau, to conduct an investigation "to protect the public Interest." Assistant Attorney General William Koerner was directed particularly to protect the interests of 300 stockholders of Sisto Financial Corp., of which Sisto is president and a director, and which company Is not subject to jurisdiction of tho stock exchange. It was also reported that the j securities and exchange commission and District Attorney Thom- See EXPELLED, Page 11 SITES FOR GOVERNMENT CAPITAL SUB-ZERO WEATHER SWEEPING OVER BIG PART UNITED STATES MUCH COLDER WEATHER IS FORECAST FOR ALL STATES EAST OF THE ROCKIES This map shows the direction of the Spanish insurgent offensive In Catalonia, with the spearhead of the drive toward Barcelona. There were reports, unconfirmed, that the government was considering transfer of its capital from Barcelona, and possible new sites are shown. The diagonal lines mark areas held by insurgents. PRESIDENT BUSY ON MESSAGES HAS FEW ENGAGEMENTS See INTERNATIONAL, Page 2. Contract Is Let For Construction Lufkin Paper Mill LUFKIN, Dec. 29.—(/TV-Construction of a $6,000,000 newsprint paper mill near here will tjegln shotrly after the first of the year, E. L. Kurth, president of the Southland Paper Mills, Inc., said today. Contract for construction was awarded yesterday to the Merritt- Chapman and Scott Corporation of Duluth and New York and L. M. Mitchell of the contracting firm will arrive about Jan. 5 to prepare for the start of work. O'Oanlel Fays Poll Tax. FORT WORTH, Dec. 29.—(/P>— W. Lee O'Danlel, who was not a qualified voter therefore could not cast a ballot even for himself In the gubernatorial race last summer, was the holder of a poll tax receipt today. The governor- elect paid his poll tax and also that of his wife yesterday but said he was still of the opinion that the levy should b« eliminated, Miss Opal Wood of Sherman, former home demonstration ngent has been named as the successor of Mrs. Colp as supervisor of the local NYA house, and conferred with a number of local citizens Thursday with reference to the project. Marion Dark, Teague, area NYA supervisor, was here Thursday. ITALY ABANDONS PLAN OF WINNING TUNISIA NEW PROGRAM, HOWEVER, WOULD INTERNATIONALIZE THAT DISTRICT PARIS, Dec. 29.— (IP)— Italy was reported in diplomatic clcles today to have indicated she will seek to internationalize Tunisia to remove the territory from strict French control. Apparently balked in any idea of winning territory for Italy by the rising tide of French defensive measure, Premier Mussolini was reported in usually well-informed cicles to have fomulated a new plan for presentation to Premier Chamberlain when tho latter visits Rome next month. Sources close to the foreign office said simultaneously that Premier Chamberlain had promised to keep the French-Italian fight over Djibouti off the Agenda when he visits Rome. The British premier also was said to have promised to back up a French stand against transferring any territory to Italy. Nevertheless, it was foreseen that he would have a difficult time avoiding discussion of the status of Tunisia, which Is Inextricably bound up with the discussion of Mediterranean problems. French thought that Premier Mussolini's approach to Chamberlain would bo based on the thesis that Tunisia is legally an independent country under French protection and that the bey of Tunis la the independent sovereign. The Italian argumcn might be that France had received an International mandate to protect Tunisia and that sho had abused that international duty. Italy could ask that she and Germany, as well as Britain and See ITALO-FRENCH, Page 11 HEAVILY^ GUARDED, APPARENTLY IMPREGNABLE u.'s. MM RAIDED BY fWQ HFTEEN-YEAR-OLD BOYS SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 29.—(XP) —The new armor-platpd and heavily guarded United States mint was raided last night by two 15- year-old boys who got In by scaling a wall and raising an unlocked window, police reported today. Police Inspector Max Reznik identified tho boys as Paul Francis and William Gallagher, residents of an orphanage at San Rafael. They were held for Juvenile authorities. "We wanted to see if we could do It," officers quoted the boys. Bedlam broke out in tho huge fortress of granite and steel—supposedly one of the most impregnable government buildings In the country—when a guard saw two prowlers In tho copper store room and turned in an alarm. Lights went on, bells sounded and angry-voiced men with machine guns appeared, > Inspector Reznik said thnt before their discovery the boys had tossed out of a window a big sheet of copper from the room where pennies are made. Captain of the mint guard, Georgo Maher, asked the two orphans how they managed to enter the building, protected by great walls, by impenetrable steel, tear gas equipment, heavy bars, numerous burgler alarms and a large force of guards. Paul and William said it was simple. "We found windows nearest the ground barred. So we climbed up a pipe to the second story and crept around a ledgo until we found a window partly open. "Wo just pushed the window in further and dropped down inside. We didn't mean any harm. It was all In fun." ROOSEVELT ALSO STUDIES LIST OF NAMES FOR* MANY APPOINTMENTS WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— (/PH- President Roosevelt, anxious to reserve all possible time between now and ^ext week f QV _work on his legislative and budget messages, made only two engagements today. In addition, he studied a long list'of recommendations and background for appointments to many federal posts, including the soon to be vacated cabinet position of attoVney general. While there were reports that Frank Murphy, retiring governor of Michigan, would be named to head the department of justice succeeding Homer Cummings, White house officials had no comment on this They merely said thu President probably would have some appointments to announce Monday or Tuesday. Several senators, meanwhile, joined in predicting speedy confirmation by the senate of Murphy if the President appoints him attorney general. Senator Burke (D-Neb), often critical of administration moves, said he believed Murphy would be a satisfactory choice. "A good organizer is needed to obtain an efficient department of justice," Burke said, "and Murphy appears to be qualified on that score." Before he left Washington several days ago, Senator Vandenberg (R-Mlch), said he would be inclined to vote for confirmation of Murphy if he is given the job, despite the senator's opposition to some of the policies Murphy carried out as governor of Michigan. There were definite indications Murphy would be questioned about his handling of sitdown strikes in Michigan in 1937. Some senators said privately they, though they were critical of Murphy us regarded the sit- downs, they felt he was following a course approved by the national administration. For this reason, they said they did not believe See PRESIDENT, Page 2. SOS States Ship Bombed and Crew Takes to Boats LONDON, Dec. 29.— ( yds agent at Gibraltar reported today that an SOS had been received from the 4,236-ton British steamer Marionga, which read: "Bombed. Crew took to boats." The steamer's message gave its position as 39.12 North Latitude, 1.7 East Longitude, between Cas- tcllon, on Spain's eastern coast, and the Balearic Islands. (Palma, or Mnllorca, largest of the Bale- aries, is a big Spanish Insurgent airbase.) A message picked up by the Marseille radio station said the Frrnch steamer Oued Yquem was going to the rescue and was only five miles from the position given. The. Marlnoga formerly was of Greek registry, named at one tirno Grelstone and later Elddy- stone. She carries ft crew of about 30. Th« freighter left Oran, Alberia Saturday und her owners, Neill and Pandells of London, said she was carrying a general cargo to Barcelona and had an observer for the nonintervention committee aboard. 1'ht Mnrlonga apparently was bombed on the high seas where such an attack Is deemed "pl- jracy" by the British government. DELEGATES COUNTY FARM CONVENTION NAMEDWEDNESDAY DELEGATES WILL NAME COUNTY COMMITTEE FOR 1939 FARM PROGRAM Delegates to the county farm convention to be held here Sat- urdfiv wei;.o elected at balloting hole? i'.v '..IP. «!i,:'t«fii^oxc« of thri county Wednesday afternoon for those who will participate in the 1U39 crop program of the government. At the same time, community committees were elected for the AAA program. At the convention to be held here Saturday, the delegates will elect tiie 1939 county committee to have charge of the county office and work. The present county committee is composed of George W. Boyd of Corsicana, chairman; J. O. Harrison of Dawson and John Kyser of Kerens. Following arc the delegates and alternates to the county convention as reported Thursday morning from the thirteen boxes: Emhouse—A. J. Tinkle, dele- gale; Jack Mcgarity, alternate. South Dawson—R. V. Davis, delegate; Odell Dean, alternate. North Dawson—J. O. Harrison, delegate; J. L. Cleveland,' alternate. South Kerens — Lacy Garrett, delegate; Grovcr Crawford, alternate. North Kerens—L. L. Bedford, delegate; C. R. Auerbach, alternate. Frost—E. M. Dawson, delegate; G. E. Moore, alternate Blooming Grove—J. O. McSpad- Soo DELEGATES, Page 2. (By The Associated Press.l Another bitter cold wava hit the northwest today. Forecaster J. R. Lloyd of Chicago described it as the "second section" of the frigid spell that struck Mon- 'day night and Tuesday. It came from Canada where minima of 40 to -12 below •/.pro were not uncommon In tho western provinces. It swept over the Dakotnn and Minnesota this morning with Warroad, Mlnru on the Minnesota- Canadian '.ift-der reporting 45 bc- Ibw. Bemldji, Minn, and Minot, N. D., had 32 below and Park Rapids Minn., 35 below. Watertown, S. D., reported 18 below Montana Wyoming, Idaho, Nebraska, Colorado and Iowa also felt the icy blasts. Lloyd said the new wave would move into Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri and Michigan tonight and into Ohio and on cast tomorrow. By that time, however, tho northwestern states are expected to enjoy warmer weather, with light snow likely In the Dakotas and Minnesota. In Michigan 75 per cent of the highways In the lower peninsula were dangerously Icy, while in the upper peninsula a new snowfall of one to five inches covered a previous deposit totaling 12 to ID inches. Much colder weather was duo late Iji the week In New England. See COLD, Page 2. Ne^CoMWave" Sweeping Down On Texas Today By The Associated Prp»st Tho second wintry assault of the week was slipping out of tho Rockies southeasterly across Texas today. By tomorrow freezing weather was expected, the U. S. Weather Bureau In Dallas said, to reach beyond Austin. The new cold wave allowed only a brief respite from the chill weather swept tho state Monday. which It was expected to curve eastward before reaching the extreme southern part of Texas. Temperatures today generally were moderating, with Lubbock. and Amarlllo taking in stride temperatures around 28 degrees. Tomorrow, the bureau said, Dallas might wake up with the temperature about 20 degrees and farther, north mercuries would dop oven more. East Texas generally was, in for clouds and rain, and sufficient cold to warant livestock warnings in the north portion. West Texas would be fair. MORE THAN HALF MEMBERSHIP NEW TEXAS LEGISLATURE WILL BE LAWYERS; SAME IN SENATE -^ Two Army Fliers Join Caterpillar Club Near Waco By WILLIAM E. KEYS. AUSTIN, Dec. 29.—WY—As usual lawyers will have the biggest voice—at least physically—In both branches of the 46th legislature which convenes Jan. 10. Of the total membership of 181 far more than half arc attorneys. Lawyers hold a big majority in the senate, 27 out of a total membership of 31, and there are 69 among the house's 150 members. This and other tidbits of information, such as the fact the house will include a blacksmith, a minister and a chiropractor, la gleaned from a directory compiled by James Wigington, assistant chief clerk of the house. Pretty nearly everyone learned it soon after the elections but it might be added here two women will have a hand In making tho state's new laws. Both members Sf the house, they are Mrs. Nevolllo H. Colson of Navasota, a student, and Margaret Harris Gordon of Waco, a lawyer. They are the first women members since the 44th legislature. Wiglnton's booklet reveals tho senate, outside of its 27 lawyers, will Include a ranchman, an oil mnn, a publisher and a banker. In the house there are many more professions, trades and bust- noHsts represented. However, some members have none. They simply listed themselves as "retired." Farmers and ranchmen, whose combined forces number 23, compose tho second biggest group. There are eight teachers and aa many students, most of tho latter law students. Salesmen rank next at five but are hard pressed by the Insurance and real estate mnn with four. Pharmacy and printing each has two mcm- See LEGISLATURE," Pf>6« 3. WACO, Dec. 29.— army plane from which two U. S. army airmen parachuted to earth last night was found, badly damaged, on a farm 15 miles southwest of Waco today. « The- ship landed on the farm of Ray Weswell. Deputy Sheriff Bill Glrard, cruising In an automobile, spotted the ship In a tangled condition. The airmen were forced to ball out at 7,000 feet and landed safely. Sergeant George Holmes, the pilot, and Private G. L. Wesley, student flier who had been in the air service only 15 months, each ' made his first Jump when their supply of gasoline was exhausted near bore last night. They were on the way to Randolph Field. San Antonio, from Lubbock, where Wesley joined HolmcH at the end of the former's furlough. Weather conditions that caused Randolph Field to notify Holmes to turn back to Waco when he was near Fredericksburg also prevented a search being made for the piano last night. Toxns Company Official Dead. HOUSTON, Doc. 29.—(/P)~Daniel O'Connell Buyless, 50, head of tho land and lease department, South Texas division of the Texas company, died at e, hospital here today.
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