PAGE EIGHT HAUPTMANN (Continued from page 1.) brcnght the dead Isador Fisch Inferentlally into the murder trial ol Bruno Richard Hauptmann with questions pointed toward the possible thesis that Haoptmann's handwriting was forged to the 14 Lindbergh ran'Cm notes. The questions were shot at John P. Tyrell of Milwaukee after he had become the third of the state's battery of experts to identify Hauptmann's handwriting as that of the ransom notes. Frederick A. Pope of Hauptmann's defense staff asked Tyrrell if "there is nothing that you could discover as a handwriting expert thjat would tell you that the author of the ransom note probably copied it from another writing?" "No, there are too many of those little intimacies in this writing that are reflected In the ransom notes that the forger wouldn't think of. 1 "I am not speaking of forgery, Sir." "Imitator." "Nor of imitators: I am merely talking of copying from a sample." Later Pope asked: "An educated man desiring to disguise or camouflage his hand writing would use words that would hardly be attributed to an educated man sometimes, wouldn't hie?" Tyrrell replied that in such cases "they overlook something else that Is far more significant." "Yes," Pope went on, "where they slip In here and there an ungramma- tieal or crude expression, do they also slip in here and there some THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Texas A. If they were, the copycr had the same way of writing. Q. I don't meftn forgery, tracing or imitating. I refer more to copying from a set. A. I don't know Q. What I mean is this. Besides malformation of letters, what other forms of handwriting disguise are used? A. Well, I don't know exactly It depands on the disgulser. Educated Man Hinted Pope wanted to know If an educated man might be purposely ungrammatical to disguise his hand. The witness said that was possible, but not absolutely necessary. Q. Now you say the "d" Is disconnected frequently? A. Yes. Q. Is this one disconnected? (Pope showed the expert one of the ransom notes.) A. No. Q. The next "d?" A. Yes, that is connected. Q. The next? A. That Is connected. Q. The next? A. That is a "t," Q. You say It looks like a "t." >ut it Is meant to be a "d." I reads "D-e-a-r 8-1-r," does It not?' A. That's right. Laddef of Death, State Contends strikingly grammatical terms? Is that what you mean?" "No, no." "Well, that would be overlooking something else, wouldn't it?" "Well, if It was that kind of man." "Well, when you are dealing with a forger or an extortioner, of course you are dealing with that kind of man?" "No, not necessarily," the witness insisted. "Well, from your experience have they sometimes endeavored to ward of suspicion by the use of ungrammatical expressions?" The witness said they had. Earlier in his testimony he told the court, where Hauptmann is on trial for his life as the accused kidnaper and murderer of baby Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., that in disguised writing "one cannot always duplicate his own figures." He intimated *Hauptmann tripped himself by attempting to maintain a .disguised hand throughout the many times detectives dictated to him after his arrest. Tyrell's long recital In which he explained his reasons for concluding that Hauptmann wrote every one of the ransom notes, appeared to-bore the defendant, but not the bereaved father, Col. Lindbergh. The latter was alert, listening Intently to every detail. The state wound up its direct examination of Tyrrell with Assistant Attorney General Joseph -A. Lanigan asking: "Can you say positively who wrote the ransom notes?" "I think so," .Tyrell replied. "Then state it." "The writer is Identical. If Bruno Richard Hauptmann wrote the Hauptmann writings, he also wrote the ransom notes," One of the notes Included in the identification ia the first one which was left on window sill of the Lindbergh nursery the night of, March 1, 1932, when the baby was stolen from its crib and the state charges, carried down a breaking ladder to it? death. Upon this note, the state bases Its major claim that Hauptmann was the man who plucked the child from its crib. He has already been identified by Dr. John F. Condon (Jaf- sie) as the receiver of the $50,000 futile ramson paid by Lindbergh. Tyrell said he had examined the ransom notes and specimen writings of Hauptmann. "As a result of your examination and comparison, did you reach an opinion?" Assistant Attorney General Joseph A. Lanigan questioned him. "I did." "What Is your opinion on the ransom writing and the Hauptmann writings?" "That the writing Is identical," ' he replied without mentioning Hauptmann's name. "They were all written by the same person." As had been done by the other two state experts, Tyrell followed with an explanation of details to support his opinion. He cited disguised writing, which he said he found In the notes, similarity of "D's" of "Dear Sir", and other points to tie the notes to the same writer, and then, as one of many points to tie the notes to the specimen, admitted writing of Hauptmann, he pointed to the word "you" . wrlten often as if it were "jou," .Tyrrell said of disguised writing that "one cannot always duplicate his own figures." "Even if one intentionally tries," he said, "there is never the same character." :j. Court resumed at 11:38. i Tyrell went back to the witness chair tq face cross examination by Frederick A. Pope, one of defense counsel. Q. How long have you been engaged in the' examination of disputed dopuments? .. A. The .difference between 1883 anij ,1934. My first ease was in J89U . / J?0pe directed the witness to the f irsjS ransom note. .Q<'Do you think the writer attempted to disguise his hand? ••'.:- A. Yes. Q. Would you say it was written • with the left or right hand? : ••; 'A- I couldn't say. Who would I ask? Pope sought to bring out that an expert cou|d 'tell whether the right or left Jiand was used, tut Tyrrell said sometimes It was possible to tell, but not always. " Q. Did you notice any marked difference between the first ran- f.otn note an$ those received later by Dr. Condon? A. Yes, Q. How were the later ones different? , , . A- Tftey were lefcs violent in ex- pr,ess, Jp, wQJ$s, frod In lines. Q. cpuld some 0J these notes NEW YORK, Jan. 15 Iff")— Four witnesses—three women and one man—for trial of Bruno Richard llauptmnnn were landed from thn Liner lie de France today under such skillful niancuvcrin? that the public got only a fleeting glimpse of them. Reports from Europe said that Detective Arthur Johnson, who spent several months In Europe investigating the background of Hauptmann, was bringing only three persons with him, but when the detective and his party rushed down the gangplank of thje liner at quarantine to a special cutter, there were three women and two men in the group. To guard the witnesses from the public and press, the special cutter went to the side of. the liner while the regular cutter bearing customs inspectors and reporters was tied up at a dock at quarantine. The gangplank was put out and the detective and witnesses rushed down to the small boat and Into its cabin as the cutter bearing the customs men and reporters came out. ALLRED (Continued from page 1.) poured in as the family prepared for the inauguration. "I am happy to congratulate both you and the people of our great state on your inauguration," Vice President John N. Garner, Texas' most famous son, telegraphed. "I have great faith that your duties will be discharged with a higjj sense of patriotism and responsibility. May God bless you and give you health and happiness." Mrs, Ferguson sat behind Allred. Next to her was formed. Governor Neff with "Farmer Jim" sitting on Neff's right. 'Former Governor Sterling was seated on the opposite, side of the platform from the Fergusons. wjjen Ferffusqn was augurated, Pterlhig, the outgoing governor, declined to jjarticipate in the perempnies, Witt presented WopctyU who delivered -a brief address pledging 'to Allred and. the legislature- Mrs- ' WQQduj 'drew a round chenr/i as sh.a- was presented -Wy her husband. Wbodul's son also was presented, Stevenson proclaimed Alfred's election. I)r«*"s"il Tn Orey Allred ro?.e nt _!2-?2 p. m., and gave the crowd a t^road grin. He was given an ovaMon as he advanced toward Justice Pierson. He was attired nattily in a grey suit. His tie was blue. A white gardenia was in his lapel. Allred repsated the aath in a steady, ringing voice that carried a tinge of challenge to the momentous problems he will confront. The official party stood while the oath was administered, the military at attention. . The century old Bible given the mpreme court when Texas was a republic was Opened at the 73rd to 77th Psalms as Allred laid his hands on its yellowed pages. The crowd gave a violent start os the first of the field pieces boomed out the gubernatorial salute. DeBerry Introduces Senator Began presented Senator Tom Deberry of Bogata who introduced Allred, Senator Tom DeBerry of Bogata, selected by Governor Allred to present him, said: "It would ba impossible to present the governor. He has already )een in introduced to the people of Texas." He praised Allred/s rise to be chief executive of Texas from an humble beginning. He appealed to Texans to make the administration the greatest in many years, asking former governors and officials to assist with advice and counsel. "Withhold your criticism until it is constructive," he asked 1 . Cheers swept the great crowd as Governor Allred arose to deliver his inaugural address. Allred smiled happily as he walked to the front. Mrs. Allred, the youngest first lady in history, beamed happiness. The Governors Ferguson smiled broadly as Governor-elect Allred broke from the procession to greet them. "Good morning, Governor," said former Governor James E. Ferguson. He shook Mr. Allred's hand "Good morning," said Governor Ferguson. She also warmly shook the new governor's hand. Five governors of Texas were in the procession. They were; Mrs. Ferguson, R, s. Sterling, Houston- Pat M. Neff, Waco; William p. Hobby, Houston, and James E. Ferguson. ' Former Governor Dan Moody, Austin, was unable to attend because of a have cgpi<#? in Menard, but Mrs. Moody was in the official party. Speaker 8tevens<*h called the TUESDAY EVENING, JANUAftY 15, 1935 Tlie ladder from which the state contends Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., fell to his death was the center o£ a bitter hatllo that ra K od at the Bruno llouptnumn trial, as the defense fought to excliula it from B.dmission as evidence. Shown hero as it was brought in sections I"'" court, (ho ladder drew the comment from l-luupimnnn "it 1 made that ladder, I'd he a second-rate (jaruenter." house to order and Lieut. Gov. E. E. Witt called the legislature to order. The crowd stood with bared heads as Rev. Wharlon delivered the invocation. (Continued from page whether a special road law, placing the responsibility of operation upon a trained and experienced engineer, should be enacted for the benefit of Gray county. We are advised that there is a growing sentiment for the transfer of all road indebtedness (local as well as that heretofore partially assumed) to the state with revenues for retirement accruing through an increased gasoline tax or a sales tax. It is possible that such legislation will be introduced at the current session of the legislature, and while We can offer no opinion as to the likelihood of passage nor the ultimate value of Gray county, we might point out that such transfer of debt, would enable Gray county to reduce by more than one-half the ad valorem tax rate. However, it is obvious that when, and if, the state takes over our indebtedness, we will, in effect, take 1 over a proportionate part of the indebtedness of all oilier 'counties and road districts. Until the proposed legislation takes definite form, it will be impossible to determine whether Gray county will profit by such change. We . would suggest that, for the present at least, any further purchases cf securities be confined to our courthouse and jail issue. As pointed out in our annual re- pert of 1933, our enviable record of tax payments has enabled the county not only to meet all obligations, but has also permitted the purchase and or retirement of indebtedness before clus dates. Purchases have been divided betwden nin|e issues and we show, below, a summary setting out prices paid, (including accrued interest,) and savings effected: (The summary, cotaled, shows purchase of 283 bonds for a total payment of $284.089.77 and a saving ot $70,870.28.) On the basis of current valuations, the above reductions In principal and interest requirements mean an average tax rate reduction of six cnits per hundred for fourteen years. Still another benefit derived by the county in this connection was" that such purchases and retlrments aided In making possible bond sales at par during a period of poor market conditions when many counties and municipalities were unable to affect comparable sales. On Page 1, we have set up a chart showing distribution of expenditures— less transfers—of tax-supported funds (registration fees included) over a 6-year period. "Interest and sinking funds" Include nil road bonds and warrants, together with courthouse and Jail and general fund warrants, "rood and bridge," the constitutional and precinct funds, and "general," the jury, courthouse and jail, and general funds. Interest and sinking fund proportions may be expected to in'crease, as $434,000 of additional bonds were issued during 1934. The current tax rate is .98, of which .66 is levied for interest and sinking fund purposes. Unless valuations for 1935 show a considerable increase, the interest and sinking fund rates for the 1935 roll will, in all orobability. be raised. We are now unaware of difficulties facing the court. Changes brought about by economic conditions and legislation have removed many of the old ''measuring sticks" of governmental activities, and a debatable question is whether some of the most expensive functions of today are temporary measures or the beginning of a new order in government. Indications are that additional relief problems \vill be turned to local government. If this is done, we feel that it will be one or tli2 major problems of the nrcscnt court. Strict constitutional limitations surrounding the general fund prohibit extensive relief expenditures and, in the absence of revision, comparatively few addi- IMARKET demands will necessitate scrutiny to keep expendi- tional closc-st turcs within revenues. Respectfully submitted, R. C. WILSON, county auditor. • — niaa*. NEW ORLEANS COTTON NEW ORLEANS. Jan. 15. I/I')— The market activity increased as the morning advanced and prices declined sharply. March diopped to 12.29, May to \2.30, July to 12.37 and October to 12.23, or 19 to 22 points from the early highs and 19 to 20 points below the previous close. Near noon prices rallied 1 to 4 points from the lows on covering by shorts. Wheat: Jan. .. Mar .. July .. WHEAT'TABLE High Low ... 95 93% ... 89'/, 95 ... 90'A 86li Close 97% 95-95 Vi 86%-Vj SAN ANGELO, Jan. 11 (#>)—More than 0,000 sheep have been purchased in this section for Mexican ranchmen by representatives of the Mexican government. Most of the animals were registered Rambouil- lett lambs and yearling ewes and rams. The sheep will be sent to Mexico and sold to ranchmen there on easy terms. The purchases were made by Roberto Morales, Prof. M. Garibay, and Dr. Alfred Zzeta, veterinarian, of Mexico City. NEW YORK, Jan. 15. «P)—A slump in European gold currencies and domestic mining equities touched off an already nervous stock market today and quoted values fell 1 to moie than 4 points. Homestake Mining was.off about 30.. The trading volume expanded, sharply and the transfers' approximated 1,450.000 shares. The close was weak. Am Can .... Am & For P Am Rad Am Roll M . Am S&R .... 136 Am T&T 53 Anac 107 AT&SF 68 Atl Ref 17 Avia Corp .... 37 Edwin oLc ... .28 B & O 86 Barnsdall 11 Ben Avia 39 Beth Stl .... 134 Case J I 86 Chrysler 215 Col G&E1 ... 44 Coml Solv .. 145 Con Gas 148 Con Oil 49 Con Oil Del .. 61 Cur Wri 20 El P&L 6 G E 250 G=n Mot 297 the stlcma of the government's' fcrlunntc citizens it mast nlso be .1 charge that he conspired to harbor ""' ' John Dillinger, but faced another federal allegation that he concealed homer Van Meter, a Dillinger henchman. Van Meter, like Dil- IcnRer met death at the hands of the law. 41 113','.. 110 110% .11 4V6 4 4 63 15 141.4 14% 73 21% 20'4 20% 136 37 34' 35 53 101 103 ' 103','s 10 ••< 10 H 6 47! 48% 24 24 i 4> 4% 5' 5% i 11; 12% i 6', 6% 14-? 15 29-'! 30-% I 51 ; ! 5214 • 37', 38 < 6 r '(i 6;(, . 20 ',6 21'/, 19- v , 20 i 7',6 7'/j 16 :1 i ley, 2% i 2% Gilellte 41 Goodrich .. ..22 Goodyear 105 Hous Oil New 1 111 Cen 36 Int Harv .... 63 Int T&T 70 Kelvin 86 M K T 5 M Ward .. ..194 Nawh 68 Nat Dry Pr .. 36 Nut Dlst .... 191 Nat P&L .... 19 N Y Cen 197 N Y N H&H 16 Nor Am 71 Ohio Oil .... 16 Packard 151 Panhcl P&R ..1 Penney J C .. 30 Penn R R ... 72 Phil Pet .... 34 Pub Svc N J 37 Pure Oil 34 Radio 110 Rem Rand .. 18 Rep Stl 79 Sears 68 Shell 2 Simms 29 Skelly 4 Sec Vac 57 Scu Pac ..... 110 Sou Ry 48 S O Ind .... 27 S O N J 38 Tex Corp 28 T P C&O ...'. 3 Un Garb .... 46 U S Rub 39 U S SI .... 224 20% 30% 13'/, Cities Svc New York Curb Stocks 2% 2 Hi 3014 13'/, 10 H 22% 17 27 16'!', 16V, 25% 6% 18 6% 12 Vi 9% 4 ; ,V, 70V6 21% 14% 25% 6% 13'4 13'/a 35 % 35;}', 16% 17% 13% 13% 15 15% 12% 13 24% 24% 41 41 19% 19% 3'4 3V, 44 44% 14 14VI 36% 29 1% Gulf Pa 17 57'4 Humble ...... 11 45 ATTORNEY ACQUITTED CHICAGO, Jan. 15. (ff>)— Attorney Louis Piquiett was free today of BUTTER CHICAGO, Jan.. 15. W)—Butter, 9,564, firm; creamery special (93 score) 31%-32'4; extras (92) 31V,; extra firsts (90-91) 30'/,-%; firsts (88-89) 29-30; standards (BO centralized carlots) 31. -Eggs, 4.152, unsettled; extra firsts 24-27M; fresh graded firsts 26%-%'current receipts 25%; refrigerator firsts 23, standards 23%, extras 23% <•> KANSAS CITY LIVESTOCK KANSAS CITY, Jan. 15. W>—(U. S. D. A.)—Hogs: 2,500; slow, not fully established; early sales to traders 5 to 10 lower; some packers bids off more; top 7.90; good and choice 140-160 Ibs 6.90-7.40; 160-350 Ibs 7.25-7.90; packing sows 275-500 Ibs 6.25-7.65. ,Cattle: 4.500; calves: 400; drought cattle and calves on government account; opening slow, steady to easier; short red heifers tending lower; other killing classes mostly steady; most early sales fed steers 8.00-10.25; medium weights of outstanding quality held upward to 12.00; steers, good and choice 550900 Ibs 7.50-11.00; 900-1500 Ibs 8.5011.50: common and medium 550 Ibs up 4.25-8.75; heifers good and choice 550-900 Ibs 6.25?9.75; cows good 5.00-6.00; vealers (milk fed) medium to choice 5.00-8.50. (Continued from page i.j progress," he said. "It shall be my concern that that progress may be directed primarily in the interes' of Texas' six millions. This great state, with Its unbounded resources and a citizenship in whose vein-<r still flow the achieving blood of pioneers, can lead The nation in its recovery march. can, we must restore opportunity, vitality and hope to our distressed people. It car be done." Mr. Allred said the program o; the federal government now recognizes thjat "charity :s a poor substitute for justice," and that too manj Texas citizens now on relief were placed there by circumstances beyond their control. "So far as it is within the power of Texas to do so, we must dedicate ourselves to the task of restoring them to their normal walks oJ life," he said. "The new deal ii Texas must be no mere phrase-making. For these worthwhile but un fair deal." Favors 'New Order' "As a Texan, I am prdud of the fact that the.'new order' program of the national government, proposing to substitute work for direct relief, follow.' almost verbatim the state democratic ' platform adopted In Oalveston last September. As pointed out in that brogressive document, , in order to secure the maximum benefits possible under a 1'ecbvery program, the state should co-ordinate its efforts with those of the national government. This I pro- ' pose, in public works projects, in old age pensions, in soil erosion prevention and In every other worth while manner. Asserting that every problem of government had been intensified by economic conditions thruput the country, Mr. Allred said "we must IJave a maximum of co-operation and forbearance by the various departments of government," and acknowledged it as his constitutional duty to advise and consult with the legislature from time to time. "The day of the political trickster, the day 'of closed-door log rolling, the day of patronage trad- Ing, the day of political sniping, the day of political sabotage—these days * —all of them—should pass out with the fogs of yesteryear," he said. "Th|e sunshine of truth should come through open doors so all may see just how this government is car- * ried on. "To the legislature I propose a working partnership between the executive and legislative branches of this government in the interests of the people. At all times I shall welcome suggestions from members of the legislature. The doors of the governor's office are open to this splendid body of senators and representatives. I need your help and Texas needs the devoted, conscrat- ed services of all of us. if we will work together, then truly Texas may ?o forward. "My fellow citizens, humbly invok- ng, as did our fathers a hundred years ago, the blessing of the Al- nighty, I pledge all I have of phy- iical and mental strength In your •ervice." «l* HEY! YOU'UNS! LUKKIT YO HAT . . Every Body Else Do! ROBERTS (Your, All Hat Man) COL. ROSCOE TURNER, holder of the transcontinental records west-to-cast and east-to west: "A speed flier uses up energy just as his motor uses 'gas.'A Camel gives one a'refill' on energy. 1 smoke all I want. Camels never upset my nerves." Copyright, 1035. n. J. Ilwnolils Tobacco Company WiUEton-galiuu. N. C. SIR CHARLES KINGSFORD. SMITH, famous flier who holds the record from Australia to California — 7300 miles in 51 hours—says: "Once you've had a real chance to appreciate the mild, mellow flavor of Camels, no other type of smoke seems to satisfy. I always want a Camel, especially when I'm fatigued. And Camels are my 'supercharger' —they lift up my vim—give me new energy and 'go." • From Newark Airport to Miami and return in 15 hours and 16 . minutes! That's the record held by Chief Pilot E. H. Parker, of the Eastern Air Lines. But let him tell you about transport flying and how Camels help him through th'e strain. In his own words: "The steady grind of transport flying takes stamina —vitality —nerves that never waver. Passengers...mail...express must arrive on time, and it's the pilot's duty to see that they do! There are plenty of times •when I get tired. Then I smoke a Camel. Tor I have noticed that Camels help in easing the strain. I can go on with more alertness and vigor. I smoke Camels a lot. They never affect my nerves." Eajoy the Camel Caravan ... featuring Walter O'Keefe. Annette Haoshaw, aad Glen Gray's Cusa Lama Orchestra over coast-to-coastWABC-CoIumbiaNeiwork. TUESDAY 10:00 p.m. E.S.T. 9:00 p.m. C.S.T. 8:00 p.m. M.S.T. 7:00p.m. f.S.T. THURSDAY 9:00p.m. L'.S.T. 8:00p.ia. C.S.T. 9:30p.m.M.S.T. 8:30p.ui. P.S.T, SPORTSWOMAN PILOT. Mrs. T. W. Kenyon, champion air woman: "Alter a strenuous flight, a Camel restores my energy. And each Camel renews the enjoyment of the last!" WILEY POST, famous flier who holds the 'round- the-world record, says:"Camelsare made from more expensive tobaccos. You can certainly tell that in their mildness and good taste."
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