Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on February 7, 1946 · Page 1
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 1

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Thursday, February 7, 1946
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Scout Week INCOME TAXES AMD StJCK, EVERY MARfttBU MAN'S PAY ENVELOPE SHOWS QUITE WELL THE EFPEfif OF THE FEMININE TOUCH, ; M. ..... .i A—H^itilW-IIL-" v -n - --i_ii-_u.-.--rr- r- ._-._- T __i [,M1~ r - -"-••-•- ~ - : ° T~ --..-li-itf"-'-""' -L _L_ .-_"- -v ..----••-. --. _. , -.,.,__ - - . _- _.!_---- .._ r-.j: ' * """ *" -•«&&*&— ' ' . 7 House Passes Hotly-Disputed Case Bill; CIO, AFL Await New Price-Wage Policy Twelve hundred and sixty-six Boy Scouts and 603 Cubs of the Walls Council 15-county area will participate in the 36th an- nlverSary of the Boy Scouts of America marked by nearly 2,000,000 Scouts,' Cubs and Senior Scouts throughout the nation during Boy- Scout Week, February 8th to-the 14th. tonight the kick-off 19th anniversary banquet of the Adobe Walls 'Council is being; held at the senior high school. Approximately 250 reservations have been made fcy Scouters and friends of Scouting throughout the 15 counties. During the week sponsoring: institutions of troops and cub packs .in the area will hold anniversary banquets for each troop and pack. •Climax of the week's activities in Fampa will be the- Boy Scout Merit Badge Exposition to be held Saturday, February 16, at the junior'high school gymnasium. The exposition includes an exhibit At 1,10 badges for which. Scouts are awarded on completion of National; Boy Scout requirements. N on-Military Death Ordered for Yamashita I Two Men Die, 17 Burned Severely In Houston Fir e \ HOUSTON, Feb. 1, — (IP) — Two jnerfiwSre"^»ui > nea~tor..death-and tt t suffered A' severe 'burns * when a oat, caught fire following a Je'expolsion'ai the Gen- irloan Tank Storage and TeVmiritil' docks on the ship chan- tiei; last night. Of tftose burned, two are in a critical condition and seven others ; are in a serious condition in a hospital. Eight men were treated at the'hospital for burns and released. All of the Injured men were aboard the Cartagena, according to E. M. Wennberg, superintendent of the craft. The, .dead were tentatively identified as A. J. Tircuit, of Plaquemine, La., captain of the tug, May, one of three owned by the dredging firm; and Rube Coleman, deckhand on the > May,. . - Wemjberg baid he would attempt to positively identify the bodies during the day, Suffering severe burns and in a critical- condition in the hospital are ,Anthony Crugerias, 52, Houston, and WiHie Reed Duncan, 44, Galveston, \Vennberg said he had investigated the, fire and that it must have started either from a s,park from ia, welder's torch on. a nearby barge, or from a cigarette thrown on the water, ^ <,»* , Many pf the seriously burned men ^uropedj'pverboard andlbnught the channel waters for several minutes before ibeing picked up by tugs in the vicinity. _ ISSUED by, County Clerk Charlie TOKYO, Feb. 7.—(ff>)—Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, his last hope for clemency denied by General MacArthur, must die secretly like a common criminal on the gallows in,Manila—the city his trapped soldiers raped, pillaged and burned. SENTENCE UPHELD MacArthur, as final reviewing authority, today upheld the death seri- ordered that' his; one-time adversary meet his doom "stripped of uniform, decorations and. other appurtenances signifying membership in the military profession." Lt. Gen Wilhelm D. Styer, acting on MacArthur's orders, will carry out the execution secretly and then announce it. Newspapermen and photographers will be barred. FIRST REVIEW MADE Yamashita, charged.with condoning atrocities by troops under his command in the Philippines, is the first top-ranking Japanese officer whose conviction has been reviewed by the supreme allied commander. Fate of the calm, shaven-head Japanese general was left in MacArthur's hands after the Philippines supreme court refused to transfer the case from, military to civil jurisdiction, and the U. S, supreme court last Monday upheld the death sentence, % SCATHING DENUNCIATION MacArthur, in final review of the case against the foe who ignominiously failed to prevent his triumphant return to the Philippines, de- See YAMASIIITA, Page 4 ?§ more information on ^American soap Box wiU <• be ' sponsored, aga}n. this year by The News. /i ' c < P| • .motor d)vl* )ft, aaid: , , , been a^ured by, es, of Wheels; that Dividend Declared on Siuiray Oil Slocks Sum-ay Oil corporation, at a meeting of the board of directors Mpnday, declared the regular quarterly dividend of 45 cento per share on its preferred stock payable March 1 to stock of record February 9. • • Date for the annual meeting of stockholders Is set for April 23 in Wilmington; Delaware, to be followed by the annual meeting of directors, at which time officers and directors for Ihe ensuing year will be elected, and payment of a dividend on the corporation common stock will come up'f Or, consideration. Paul E. TaUaferro, former vice president and 'recently discharged as a major in the United States army, was elected vice president; and general attorney to serve until the next election of officers. New Formula On Steel Almost Ready WASHINGTON, Feb. 7— (AP)—President Truman said today he hoped to have a formula ready in a day or two to halt the steel and other big strikes. Responding to questions at a news conference, the President said the formula under consideration is not a completely new wage-price plan, but rather one for meeting the situation the nation is faced with now. •BIO STEEL FOUMULA' He added he believed it can be worked out in the next few days. Asked by a reporter if it is a "big steel formula," Mr. Truman said he had not heard of that. The President said the whole question is one of production. All the people nre aware, he added, of the need for produtcion. WILL ADJUST ITSELF If we get mass production now, he said, the -situation will adjust itself. There will be no reason for a new wage-price formula then, he stated., Mr. Truman will confer at. 3:30 p.m. (EST) today with Philip Murray, president of the CIO and the steelworkers union. The unsettled labor situation will not prevent his departure Monday for a ten-day vacation in Florida and nearby waters, the President asserted. He said he can still do business by telephone from his yacht, the WilHamsburg. ; WILL GO TO FLORIDA He made this assertion when asked if he still planned to go to Florida if the steel and electrl: strikes were not settled in advance of his scheduled departure. Top men of Doth the CIO and AFL said today they must see the government's new price-wage declaration before they can commit their striking unionists to accept it. As announcement of the. relaxed hold-the-line -policy, ran into still further delay; CIO president; Philip Murray*"~flrid v&g^ohiej ,,•William Green told a reporter, in separate interviews they had not been consulted by the administration. Hence they added they can make no pledges for their members. Murray at the same time declined any comment on reports that he has been meeting privately with steel executives in an effort to arrive at some basis for settling the strike of 750,000 CIO steelworkers which began January 2i. Although officials close to the administration said no basis disagree- See WAGE-PRICE, Page 4 VOL. 43, No. 220 (12 Pages) PAMPA, TEXAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1946. AP Leased Wire Price.5 Cents HST Will Call forRetu rn of Meat Rationing if Needful WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.—(/Pj— President Truman said today he would call for a return to meat rationing if it becomes necessary to prevent 10 to 15 million people from starving to death. TO HALT STARVATION The President told his news conference that he thought it would not be necessary to ration meat, that he hoped not. If, however, it becomes necessary to keep from 10,000,000 to 15,000,000 people abroad from starving, he continued, he thought the country ought to do it. He explained that he was vitally concerned with the prospect of widespread starvation . in wartorn countries, accentuated by losses of wheat crops in some countries and other grains elsewhere. ALLIES NOT TO BLAME Friends and allies during the war, he said, are not to blame for their desperate situation. It would be un-American, he added, to permit people in enemy countries to starve. Canada, Australia and other countries with food surpluses are being asked to cooperate, he said, adding he \vas confident that the American people will cooperate fully by buying less. Although Americans have been asked to share their bread with the starving people overseas, they may actually eat better than before, for a time. BREAD WILL BE DARK Their own bread will be dark, See MEAT RATIONING, Page 4 New York Takes Drastic Action NEW YORK, Feb. 7~(/P)—New York City today tQQk drastic action—exceeding that imposed ir wartime- to meet an acute fue shortage caused by the four-day strike of tugboat operators in the city's vast harbor. •Mayor William O'Dwyer proslaim- ed a state of emergency late yesterday, after tugmen'voted against returning to work despite federal seizure of the tugboat 'industry, and ordered: AH public schools shut down tomorrow until further notice. Possible use of school building for hospital purposes to handle an increasing number of pneumonia cases due to lack of fuel. Possible use of schools to house thousands of cold-water flat dweller;; suffering from lack of fuel. No deliveries of coal or oil to places of amusement, including tnea- ters, motion picture houses and night clubs. Strict rationing of fuel to public utilities, hospitals and other institutions. Interior temperatures cut to degrees and no heat in eubways #nd street cars. A drastic "browaput," shutting off all outdoor signs and dimming lights where possible; There's nothing fhjer than stromberg - Carlson, .Coating soon Lewis Hardware, Qp ( <AdV.) SIX PRIZES TOTAL $225: ARMY RECRUITERS OFFER ESS AY CONTEST TO MEN Southern Col Must Restrict Admission who wish to, An opportunity to to $125 is at hand for al} boys be- gh "school." winner to . tween the *gea el ,yi »n.d content Which ppenj ^^tK Cerent recruiting' substation areas, Firsi UNO Crisis Past as Greek Problem Solved LONDON, Feb. 7—W—The United Nations security council, Its first crisis passed with the solution of the • Russian-British dispute over Greece, moved on today to consideration of the Soviet Ukraine charge that British troops in Indonesia were endangering the peace. High officials said privately that this controversy might be "an even tougher diplomatic nut to crack" than was 1 Russia's allegation that the British were jeopardizing world security by .maintaining forces in Greece. The 11-mlion council was called into session at 5 p. m. (11 a. m. CST) and the first item on the agenda was the Ukrainian complaint, * In the background of the Indonesian controversy, however, was the Soviet Union's policy calling for the independence of colonial peoples. Opponents of British action in Java have charged that British forces were being used to keep the Indonesians under Dutch domination The British; on the other hand have insisted that their forces were in Indonesia to'preserve order while Japanese troops were removed anc Allied internees, and prisoners of war were rescued. The British case had the backint of the Netherlands', government. The unrecognized ; Jndonesian government also has declared that British troops should remain'in Java unti all Japanese troops are disarmed and removed. Despite the difficulties of the Indonesian case, the council faced it with one distinct advantage, anc that was the experience they had gained In settling the Greek dispute without splitting the unit of the bjg powers. / The Russians yielded on every major charge against Britain as the .council resolved the Greek crisis last night. pritish Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevta*ave ground, too, in not press- tog top formal cQVincil.aptton to exonerate Britain 'pf the charge. Negro, WWle Soldiers Elft0e ii Shorl Riol VA Explains Benefits to New Draftees Hy JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, Feb. 7—iTP)—Do the men who enlist or are drafted now receive :he same government benefits as war veterans? The quick answer is "yes" but it needs explaining. The explanation here is from the veterans administration (VA) which handles the beneiits. Take the draftees first. Those drafted now are 18 through 25 years of age. The draft law, unless congress extends it, ends May 16. Veterans benefits are for those in service between Sept. 16, 1940 and the official end of the war. It hasn't ended officially yet. To get the benefits a veteran must fulfill certain requirements, such as a minimum of service, usually at, least 90 days. Take an example: Jones is drafted May 14, one day before the draft law ends. And the war happens to be ended of finally May 17. Having then oeen in service only three days, can Jones claim the same kind of benefits as veterans of the war, when it was a shooting war? Yes. To this extent: If he's in service only one day before the'war-officially ends, he gets" the b'enefit-pf the GI Bill of Rights, provided he serves the required length of time before his discharge, is discharged under the right conditions, and sd on. For example: To get one year's education at government expense he must have nerved at least 90 days. "If Jones was drafted May 14, the war ended May 17, and he was discharged other than dishonorably Aug. 14—or 90 days after being See €A BENEFITS, Page 4 WICHITA FALLS. Feb: The Wichita Falls Record-News reported, that white and nepa soldiers were involved in a brief (JJs- turbance last night during a dance Sheppard Fi01d. he aewspftttfi; said the disorder followed ^ttempte of negro soldiers to ci»Wn 09 w&ite goiters dancing " Pampa Hits Peak In Employment More people are employed in Pampa today than on V-J day, it was Stated this morning by L. P. Fort, manager of the local United States Employment service office. Today the labor market looks better than at any time during January, it was reported, although jobs jare limited. There is still a demand for skilled trades. Still need for machinists, stenographers and typists. During January 4,300 employmenl contacts were made at the local USES office. During December 1,350 were made. On V-J day there were approximately 4,648 persons employed in the metropolitan area of Pampa, Fort said, in comparison to about 4.800 persons employed today, Figures include persons who live jn Pampa but work in the oil field! ,or out of town and also at the near-by camps. "This is hard to reconcile to the unemployment load," said Fort. (This morning a reporter tried to get into the USES office. The door could not be opened because of the crowd of persons in the office, there for the purpose of filing unemployment compensation claims. Fort reports that the number of persons filing claims on Thursdays has continually increased each week). "This is hard to reconcile-—" said Fort, "until thought is given as to why the condition exists." Among reasons for the increase in employment in Pampa and the corresponding increase of unemployed as reported by Fort are: 1. The high school boy who went into service in 194Q or 1941, or sooner* returning with a family and looking for a job in his home town. 2. The displaced war-worker, el- See EMPLOYMENT, Page i IN DISTRESS STATES! LOS ANOHLES, Feb. 7 enrollment a * *n fttt-ttn>e 9,000 tbe University of Southern California |o4ay announced, restriction/of admjssion— except to even- Plapes--to rehabilitated vet- and.fornner an£ graduate UgQ Located is place where liner, "Yukon," lies wrecked on jagged rocks of Johnstone Bay, near Scward, Alaska. Rescue vessels remove passengers and crew from ship, indicated by cross. * * if 32 Passengers ol Wrecked Yukon Unaccounted for KETCHIKAN, Alaska, Feb. 7— (A-) —Thirty-two persons were unaccounted for when rescue vessels brought to Seward the last known 'load "of survivor's i'rbm the 'wrecked liner Yukon last night, and today theVcrew and passenger lists were being checked and rechecked to learn 'the names of the missing. The rescuers nad found no bodies and had removed the last of the Yukon's crew and passengers from the grounded, broken vessel and from the nearby shore. The passengers and crew, according to lists announced by the Alaska steamship company and the army, numbered 497. The coast guard report from Sp- ward said it was not known as yet whether all the crewmen and passenger listed actually had been aboard when the Yukon sailed Sunday night from Seward, seven hours before she ran aground on the storm beaten rocks in John.stoni' bay. The cutter Onondaga messaged late yesterday that all survivors had been rescued and the Yukon abandoned. There had been reports from rescued passengers and crewmen that casualties had been seen, but none of these could be verified. Three crewmen pulled from the water by a tug after the Yukon broke in two Monday night said they thought several were lost, one man estimating the number at 20 or more. One passenger said he had been told three bodies were recovered. Boy, 13-Yeors-Old, Awaits Discharge WICHITA FALLS, Feb. 7— UP>— Pvt. Ralph Lindsey, Texarkana, today awaited formal discharge from the army after officers at Sheppard Field learned he was 13-years-old. "I wanted to cai'ry on the Texas war tradition," Lindsey said, "but I guess I'll have to go back to school now." CONVENTION WACO. Feb. 7—f/Pi—Thu Texas mush educators association began its three-day annual convention here today with 600 school musicians and music directors registered. 51 Garage. 600 S. Cuyler. Ph. 51. (Adv.) Truman Will Continue to Back Pauley WASHINGTON. Feb. 7—</P>— President Truman said flatly today he will not withdraw Edwin W. Pauley's nomination as navy undersecretary. The President said that Interior Secretary Harold L. Ickcs had not consulted him in advance concerning his testimony criticizing Pauley but that he did not believe this would change his relationship with Ickcs. He told a news conference he was backing Mr. Pauley and thought he was an honest man and a very capable administrator who did a magnificent job as reparations administrator. Ickes can very well be mistaken as well as the rest of us, Mr. Truman added. The interior secretary has told the senate naval committee, which is considering Pauley's nomination, that Pauley had advised him he could raise $300,000 in democratic campaign funds from California oil men if they got assurance that the government would not file a suit seeking title to tidelands oil reserves. Meanwhile senate republicans called today for a look at the. qualifications of George E. Allen, President Truman's friend and personal adviser, to serve as a director of the See PAULEY, Page 4 Strike Control Legislation Goes to Senate WASHINGTON, Feb. 7—. (AP)—The house today passed 257 to 155 the hotly-disputed Case bill to curb and seek settlements of labor strife. Final action came on a roll call vote, sending Ihe far- reaching strike control legislation to the senate. There, its foes predict it will meet tough sledding. VOTK DOWN MOTION Just before th" conclusive ballot, member; shouted down a motion by Rep. Baldwin (R-NY) to send the bill back to the labor committee for furl her study. The measure, by Rep. Case (R- SD), -A on tentative approval late yc'slercUiy. 197-115. But HIP clinching vote was delayed until today whon Rep. Hoffman iR-Mich'i insisted that the lengthy, much-amended bill be read to the in its entirety. Demobilization Is Being Ironed Out WASHINGTON, Feb. 7—(.•?/— Demobilization disputes between senators and the war department simmered down to f\vo points today : 1. The time when 500,000 of some 2,000,000 soldiers the lawmakers classed as ".surplus" yet out of the army. 2. The possibility that 120,000 fathers .still may be in uniform July 1. Except for these, Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson said the army as in "complete accord" with the eight-point demobilization program drawn up by a special three-man senate military subcommittee. Chairman Elbert Thomas (D- Utah) of the full military committee told a reporter ail the demobilization complaints "appear to be ironing out." In a letter to the committee Ppt- terson said the senators were wrong In assuming there were 2,000,000 surplus men in the army January 1. The subcommittee had noted the army must care for prisoners and guard war surpluses, but Patterson iisted five other army jobs for the January to July 'period: 1. Demobilization. The secretary, observing that soldiers "cannot demobilize themselves," said tens of thousands are needed for this ''big- job." 2. Care for 150,000 sick and wounded. 3. Closing out of ''several minor theaters" and hundreds of bases. 4. Occupation of Germany, Austria and Japan including homeless millions being repatriated and billeted by the army. 5. Destruction of Japanese and German munitions and war plants. THE CASE PROPOSAL The Case proposal, as it now ! stands, would: ' ! 1. Create n federal mediation board with authority to step into ma.jor labor disputes and forbid M.vikes or logouts for 30 days. 2. Permit wide use of court injunctions in enforcing the cooling '.'.' r period, preventing violence or in- i;riiiE movement of perishable roods, E. Provides for civil suits against breaking contracts. 4. Outlaw violence in picketing by either side. 5. Ban boycotts used to force dis- See CASE BILL. Pago 4 Kramer Denies That He Joined Safiord's Cause WASHINGTON, Feb. 7—6<P)— Naval Capt. A. D. Kramer testified emphatically today that he never joined a campaign designed.to clear Rear Adm. Husband "E. Kimmel "or' : anybody ' else" of Pearl Harbor blame. Kramer also said it was inconceivable that the high command "framed" the 1941 Pacific fleet commander or any other person to he a pcapegoat for the December 7, 1941 disaster. Ret>. Cooper (D-Tenn) of the senate-house committee investigating Pearl Harbor posed the questions which brought these replies. The preceding- witness, Capt. IL F. Safford, said he had written Kramer two years ago to line up Adm. William F. Halsey for "thei cause" of vindicating Kimmel. Safford also had written, in a code letter, that no one in naval op-;. crutioiis here could be trusted and that lie believed Kimmel had been a scapegoat from the start. There was this exchange between Cooper and Kramer: , " "Did you ever feel, or do ydlj feel now that the officers of the general staff of the army or tb,e navy in effect are crooks, or would, indulge in framing Kimmel or any,*body else, or thought they we're not to be trusted?" The prematurely gray witness, trim in his service-striped uniform, paused for awhile, then said: ' "Such phenomena is inconceiv* able to my mind, sir." The senate-house committee in» vestigating the 1941 disaster at K^n-< Sec PEARL HARBOR, Pa*e $ ' " "" """ "~ ~~ ~ '"' ~""'~ """' J " IJ " '"^" " rl4 i^ U ^ Lamer Jaycees To Sponsor Rodeo PARIS, Feb. 7-r(XP)—The Lamai 1 county Junior chamber of commerce will sponsor a renewal of the North Star Rodeo and Rpund-Up this fall. an event discontinued during tfc$ war. It will be held jn lapnne^tlQr with the Lamar district fair Sept 16-21. ONE WAY OR ANOTHER: COMMITTEE WILL DECIDE ON MILITARY TRAINING WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.—WV-The house military committee dusted off a universal military training bill today and decided to get rid of it- one way or another. orairman May tD-Kyo told reporters universal training legislation, sidetracked after long public hj?ajrtnf last year, has been gtv- i|n, top, committee priority and will be th£ pb4e0t of foyr more d of hearing starting February 18. would jv# predict auteomjj, ptjjer members said they house for action there. Such a program, calling for supplemental training- in home environment, has been advocated by the American Legion. President Truman, the anny and the navy are holding out for one year of continuous training. In giving universal training top status, the comjnittee sidetracked indefinitely action on a new' JJft- defense act. department pressure, members <$&, c&u^j shift to plans.vlftft $8PJBrt- was said to THE WEATHER U. S. WEATBEK 6 a.m. Today ---- 3!> S a.m. ------------ 48 10 a.m. 11 ».ni. 12 Xuun - 1'oday's Maximum 58 1'udaj's Minimum 1!) WEST TEXAS: wurmcr this aftcroyun day partly clouds, colder Plains, and fupvr increasing suuHicrly vtrung ivwthYi'cst Friday Plains. TEXAS: pccttsi.uni FrMw

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