Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on January 7, 1935 · Page 7
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 7

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Monday, January 7, 1935
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MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 7, 1935 THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Texas PAGE SEVEN TEXAS HAS PRODUCED 36.7 PER CENT OF OIL IN LAST 4 YEARS DUO TOPICS BOTH STEVENSON AND CALVERT CLAIMING VICTORY AUSTIN, Jan. 7 t/P)— Interest aroused tiy a hectic contest for the gpeakershlp of the house of representatives overshadowed all other topics on the eve of the opening Of the 44th regular session of the Texas legislature. A score or more of important subjects — taxation, unemployment relief, prohibition, public utility regulations, lobbying, race track gambling, criminal reforms — were relegated to the background as members concentrated their energies toward consummation of the speakershlp race. The contest will reach its climax shortly after noon tomorrow. Confidence poured from the camps of representative Coke Stevenson of Junction and Representative R. W. Calvert of Hlllsboro. Stevenson claimed 98 "unalterable" pledges while Calvert asserted 67 votes were welded to his cause. The voting house strength is 149 nnd 75 votes elect. The number of pledges reported by both camp totals 185 or 36 more than the qualified membership. Against Stevenson, who is seeking a second term as chief presiding officer, has been thrown the weight of Governor-elect James V. , Allred. The incoming governor engaged actively in the campaign on the contention that Stevenson's election would impede his legislative program. Stevenson and his followers vigorously deny any intention to throw stumbling blocks in the administration's path. Calvert is one of the youngest members ever to seek the honor. He is 30 and has served only one term. All except a few members of the house had arrived. The full membership of the senate was expected to attend the pre-session caucus of the upper branch tomorrow morning. Bills Number 250. Many of the arrivals brought bills ready for introduction as soon as organization is completed. Estimates of the number that will be piled into the hopper the first few days ranged upward from 250. Most of the bills already prepared concerned minor subjects. Drafts of the irjore important legislation will be made after leaders have conferred. Governor Miriam A. Ferguson wprked on her final message to the legislature. Her retirement January 15 will mark the end of a 20-year political career of the Ferguson family, Mrs. Ferguson is completing a' delayed second term while her husband and chief advisor, former Governor James E. Ferguson, was elected for two terms. Governor-elect Allred devoted attention to whipping his legislative program into shape. He conferred or) the respective bills that will be offered to place his campaign pledges in operation. Bills on practically all the main subjects he advocated in the campaign have been prepared by his assistants and await his final approval. Allred, convalescing from an attack of influenza, also maintained a close liaison with Calvert's leaders in the speakership race and worked on his inauguration address and his initial message to the legislature. There was some discussion that Allred would depart from custom and accept an invitation to deliver his message in person at a joint session. The house will be called to order by Secretary of State W. W. Heath, who will preside until u speaker has been elected. The election of administrative officers will follow. Lieutenant Governor- Edgar E. Witt wljl supervise the senate proceedings during the first week and turn, the gavel over to Lieutenant Governor-eject Walter Woodul of Houston. Witt will appoint Woodul's committees, The incoming .lieutenant governor Jnfltpated the list would be completed sfiprtjy. Seiep|4pn pf . hpujse committees must BWfttt outcome O j the speak- contest. After .the houses are organized jqJnt potronittees will be appointed to QflnvaSB the general election returns fo.r goverrtoy and lieutenant governor and arrange the inauguration.- - i«*i - 1 — * Concrete guard rails will be replaced with wood along Kansas highways in the interest of safety. — - .«. Ranchers in sections pf West Texas, faced with high feed prices, are turning to sotol, weed used for feed in ancient times by Indians. IJCHING TOES * Burning .sore.cracked, soon relieved.and heating aided with safe,scorning- «*|g|g Resinoll PHONE 36 Reliable |Wl<je »jp« treatment, M>d»r all 8B HAWKINS RADIO LAB. BY ELMER ft. JOHNSON, Regional Economist Bureau of BuM- nes«i Research University of Texas. That the petroleum industry in its entirely is one of the world's major Industries is readily admitted; hjwever, analysis of the facts pertaining to the structure of this industry, as well as an understanding of their wider implications, are likely to be passed by even 'in studies that assume to be serious attempts in the interpretation of this industry, either as a whole or of its many phases or parts. Since the beginning of petroleum production in 1859 some 22,729,625,000 barrels had been brought to the surface by January 1, 1834. Obviously this huge amount represents a vast quantity of energy materials, a fact that is apparent when its energy value is compared with thai, of the coal produced during the same period. Ic is, however, in the rate of increase of production and the maintenance of this rate that makes oil production so striking, when compared with other minerals, especially coal. Since 1860 the average yearly increase in world coal production has been 4.2 per cent; whereas that of oil has been 8.4 per cent. The period of doubling of production in world coal production has been 16.7 years; that of oil 8.6 years. Moreover, world coal production received a substantial set-back during and immediately following the World war. Since 1912 coal has had difficulty in maintaining a level of production. Oil production received no set-back during the war period; on the contrary it continued steadily to increase in quantity 'produced, in srite of the great advances made in reiining technique. The most striking fact about production in the past is perhaps that of its geographical concentration. Down to the beginning of 1934 North nnd South America had produced 77.« per cent of thp total of the world's recorded production; the United States alone had produced 65.1 per cent of that vast total. Mexico had produced 7.3 per cent; Venezuela, 3.3 per cent; all the rest of the Americas only 1.9 per cent. Of this vast total Europe had produced 15.8 per cent, Russia easily leading with 12.7 per cent of the world's total. Asia produced only 5.5 per cent; of which 2.4 per cent came from Netherlands East Indies and 2.1 per cent from Persia. India had supplied only 1 per cent. These data show only the distribution by continents of past production; and it is more or less idle to speculate on what reserves may be brought to light in the future In Russia and Siberia, in Argentina and other South American countries. That shifts in world oil production are ocutring is indicated in the distribution in 1933. In that year the Americas furnished 78.1 per cent of the total world production, with the United States furnishing 63.5 per cent; Mexican production amounted to 2.4 per cent; that of the South American countries 11.5 per cent. Production in Europe accounted for 14.6 per cent of the world's total, Russia and Rumania furnishing 14.2 per cent of the world total; Asia accounted for 7 per cent and Africa (Egypt) only 0.11 per cent. And for the first nine months of 1934 the increase of world production over that of the same period of 1933 was 5.64 per cent; the increase in the United States, however, was less than one per cent, or 0.59 per cent; the increase in the rest of the world was 14.62 per cent. Examination of data on geographical distribution of oil production in the United States shows concentration also in a striking degree. Of the total quantity for this country from 1859 to the first of 1934, three states had furnished 70 per cent of the recorded total—California, 25-75 per cent, Oklahoma, 22.4 per cent, and Texas 21.73 per cent. If to these three major producing states are added Pennsylvania, Kansas, and Louisiana these six states account for nearly 75 per cent of United States production. Further examination of production data show features of even greater concentration of production together with the rise of Texas production to a more than dominating place In United States production. For the period 1901-1905 California furnished 20.4 per cent of national production; Texas furnished 16.8 per cent and Oklahoma only 0.3 per cent. Then followed a rise in Oklahoma production and in the period of 1919-1923 California produced 27.8 per cent of our total; Oklahoma 23.9 per cent and Texas 20.6 per cent. In the period 1924-1928 California continued to hold first place with 28.4 per cent of an increasing national production; Oklahoma furnished 26 per cent and Texas 22.7 per cent. In the period 1929-1933 Texas easily achieved first place with 36.7 per cent of the nation's oil; California took second place with 23.9 per cent closely followed by Oklahoma with 22.2 per cent. The superiority of these three states is obvious, yielding in the 5-yeaT period 1929-1933 92.8 per cent of the nation's crude oil production. During 1933 Texas recorded production amounted to almost 45 per cent of national production, a proportion it has been holding through 1934. «*N . Harlow Chosen Harvard Coach CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 7. (/P) —Discarding a graduate coaching policy that dates, back 60 years, Harvard has called on Richard Cresson "Dick" Harlow to leave Western Maryland and lead the Crimson baclf to the gridiron heights it once held. In calling an outsider, Harvard is following the example of Princeton, one of its "pig Three" mates, which has met with great success since It engaged Fritz Crisler to handle its Tigers. The committee on the regulation of Harvard athletic sports evidently confirmed it at a special session, for this group, which repreeents the alumni, faculty and student bodies, was not scheduled to hold a regular meeting until tonight. JONES WILL WIELD A BIG INFLUENCE IN FARM AFFAIRS By DONALD YOUNG WASHINGTON, an. 7. (fp)— Fuvcred with five major committee chairmanships and a fine crop of open-minded new members, the Texas delegation in the house of representatives seemed destined today to support the administration of President Roosevelt with vigor in the seventy-fourth congress. One of the most progressive members of tho Ijone State state delegation will be Martin Dies of Jasper and Orange, who plans to introduce two silver bills. Another will be James Buchanan of Brenlinm, chairman of the appropriations committee, who has taken the responsibility of the success of the Colorado river improvement project and has been given the task of whipping a Brazos river program Into shape. Buchanan has let it be known that he would rather have a fellow congressman lend the later fight, however. Senator Morris Shcppard of Texarkana as chairman of the military affairs committee wants to look to the needs of the army, especially the Texas posts. He will pursue his farm credit union studies nnd will make his annual speech in observance of passage of the eighteenth amendment. In addition, he will consider the needs of Texas ports and will further investigate the cotton marketing proposal he would like to cooperate in bringing about a more stable and effective monetary exchange system in connection with internal and external trade. He said he favored the bonus when he is certain conditions in the country will permit such a step. Connally To Have Hand Senator Tom Connally of Marlin is expected to have an important voice at the White House during the coming session. As a member of the senate finance committee, corresponding to the top house ways and means committee, he will have a hand in shaping the government's future fiscal policies. Connally has said he believes it may be possible to avoid additional taxes, explaining the pickup in business should make collections better. Whatever will be done in that connection, however, necessarily will await an actual determination by the committee leader. Dies' measures call for a return of the Spanish dollar of 1793 as a 'means of exchange and of facilitating commerce between this nation and other silver-using countries and for a new scheme of benefit payments to wheat, cotton and rice growers designed to replace the Banfchead bill for cotton and the agricultural adjustment administration for the other crops. Farmers would be given a premium for what they produce on an allotment basis but would have to take the world market price on .any amount in excess of their quota. The plan would not be compulsory but Dies expressed the opinion that most of the farmers would favor it. Buchanan has obtained more than $4,000,000 for the Colorado river and would like to get another $10,000,000. Sponsors of the Brazos improvement program have set their sights for about $45,000,000 for flood control and power development work and say $15,000,000 is needed for soil erosion work on the river which winds its way more than 900 miles across the state. Other house committee chairmanships to remain in the hands of Texans are: Agriculture, Marvin Jones; interstate and foreign commerce, Sam Rayburn; judiciary, Hatton Summers; public buildings and grounds, Fritz Lanham; rivers and harbors, Joseph J. Mansfield. Jones To Be Active Jones likely will wield a powerful influence In farm legislation as he did last year and probably will be the administration spokesman in the house. The subject in which Mansfield is interested has been brought to the public's attention in various'reports from official agencies here. Unofficially, many of the Texans have expressed themselves in favor of the bonus, the fight for which has been and will be led by Wright Patman of Texarkana. Their views ranged from outright payment to get rid of the matter once and for all—the view of Maury Maverick, one of the new representatives—to a policy of waiting proposed legislation before taking a stand. Most of them looked with favor on unemployment insurance and old age pensions providing some sane and workable system could be evolved. They seemed a bit cautious a week in advance of the opening of the session but decried bitterly one plan already submitted to the people by Its sponsor. Charles L. South and George Mahon come from the cattle country of West Texas and are anxious to approve measures of benefit to their sectors. Maverick, with a colorful background, likely will be one of the most noticed delegates. The fourth newcomer is Nat Patton of Crockett, formerly state senator. All of them have expressed a desire to "learn the ropes" early in the ses- THE DIFFERENCE C17I-2EMS A LIVIMG THROUGH WORK OM USEFUL PUBLIC PROJECTS. sion and let the more experienced men take the initiative. Dies, Thomason of El Paso, Cross of Waco and Johnson of Corsicana already have reformed the popular quartet which instigated much of the out-of-hours funmaking in the last session. They are seen together frequently nnd have kindred views. Dies took the presidency of the unofficial "Demagogs Club" last year, accepting new members and "firing" others, Thomason became the "father" of south and Mahon as soon as they arrived. All three families live in the same hotel and Thomason jokingly referred to the new members as "my constituents only until Jan. 1." They come from new districts. BY CHARLES E. SIMONS AUSTIN, Jan. 7. OT—The plan to establish a state board to care for the public interest in tax legislation is meeting with favor. The board would be composed of the attorney general, state auditor, and tax commissioner who would pass on the legality and merit or demerit of any proposed tax measure. Presumably it would investigate all phases of the tax proposal and inform the legislature and public generally of its effect and workability. The group also would make recommendations to improve the bill. Tho idea originated with H. P. Edwards, state tax commissioner. He offered it to the senate tax inquiry and it fell on fertile ground. Senator Arthur P. Duggan of Littlefield, chairman of the senate committee, has prepared a bill on the subject and' it will be among the first dropped into the hopper when the legislative mill starts grinding next month. Edwards, from his observations of legislative procedure, especially in tax matters, is convinced the "people's lobby" would serve an effective purpose. It would insure that cnce a tax law is passed there would be a minimum of leaks and would eliminate the current practice of amending previously enacted laws at each session of the legislature. In support of the plan Duggan pointed out that nearly all corporations maintain powerful representatives in Austin who are familiar with legislative procedure and who have volumes of data at their fingertips. They are schooled in the very definite art of presenting the corporation .side of the tax picture. In most instances the legislature, due to the lack of available information and to the inexperience of lay members in tax matters, is unable to challenge statements of corporation representatives. "Powerful corporations constantly appear before legislative committees represented by able attorneys and statisticians," Duggan said. "They offer masses of data to support their contentions. The legislature h,as no means of knowing if these representations are correct and offer a true picture." Duggan said the bill would correct a defect of many years standing. "The corporations have had all the better of it while, the people's interest has been neglected," he commented. POSTAL TELEGRAPH Now Located In SCHNEIDER HOTEL Main Lobby CAPITOL IS 308 FEET HIGH AND COVERS THREE ACRES OF GROUND ~® (Continued from page I.) old age pension. I hear that they are going to give every fellow over GO years of age a pension of $200 per month. Any one who receives S200 a month will not be allowed to work any more. He is to fool arcund and twiddle his thumbs and spend his money. I know what that means. A fellow who has worked all his life will soon die when he quits. They figure that we old shuckless hulls will soon die off if they give us a pension and make us knock off our work. They think that the $200 a month will about meet the undertakers' bill for putting us away. JAYTON CHRONICLE—If you have rid your self of the habit of going to church on Sundays it will be a good thing to take up with the coming of the new year. Go to church and take your kids with you. If you do your part in going to church you will have no complaint to make to what the other people are doing on Sunday because if you are in the House of the Lord you will not know what the fellow is doing on the outside." BAIRD STAR—The following is a list of instructions given a prominent Baird man by his wife who went away to spend Christmas: 'Cut off the lights, fasten down all the windows, be sure to cut off the gas, shut all doors and put key in your pocket, spread up the bed and put all your clothes on one chair, get tablets for your indigestion, scatter no matches, get gauze for your toe —and the gentleman says he obeyed all orders to the letter. The oldest member of the house of the 1935 Oklahoma legislature is Henry Clay King, 74, and th» oldest member of the senate, former Gov. Henry S. Johnston, 69. AUSTIN, Jan. 7. Iff)— Visitors who throng Texas' expansive .state Capitol henceforth may receive accurate information of its size and origin. The state board of control, official custodian, became irked at conflicting statements of measurements and ordered its engineers to compile accurate statistics. They reported the building is: 308 feet, 4 inches, from the basement to the top of the star in the dome. 528 feet in length from the east to west portico. 290 feet in breadth. Four stories in height in llv: center section surrounding the ro lunda, but only three stories in the east and west wings, with n basement extending through the length and breadth of the structure. Situated on three acres of a 25- acre tract of ground. Finished with wainscoting of oak, pine, cherry, cedar, walnut, ash, and mahogany wood. That it contains: 18 acres of floor space. 392 rooms, of which 130 are wood- partitioned constructed since completion of the building. 024 windows. 404 doors, exclusive of 150 small ones in partitioned rooms. 15,000 or more carloads of red granite hauled 75 miles from a quarry near Burnet. That the original contract was executed January 1, 1882; preparatory work started in February; the cornerstone laid March 2, 18.82; the building completed September 20, 188C, and accepted December 8, 1888. That Napolean Lebrun of New York was the designing architect, and E. E. Myers of Detroit, Mich., was the building architect; Matthews Schneill of Rock Island, 111., was the contractor, and Joseph Lee of Austin and N. L. Norton of Salado were "capital commissioners." For all of which the state paid 3,050,000 acres of its public domain as authorized by the constitution of 1876, in Deaf Smith, Farmer, Castro, Lamb, Bailey, Hockley, Dallam Hartley, Cochran, and Oldhanv counties. NO SOLUTION ACCEPTABLE TO EITHER SIDE NOW BY VESTAI, LOTT, Associated Press Staff Writer. AMAR1UX), Jan. 7 (If)— A bitter fight over ivasle of natural gas in the giant Panhandle field today appeared likely to constitute one of the most perplexing problems by the 44th legislature which convenes Tuesday. Two powerful 'groups—the Panhandle Conservation association nnd c.pErators of gasoline "stripping" plants—were prepared for a fight to the finish in the 3-year-old controversy over regulation of gas. The conservationists were prepared to offer figures showing an enormous waste, and the operators were reody to counter with charges cf a proposed pipe.line monopoly. The crux of the present fight was the "stripping" law enacted by the last legislature which enables Panhandle gas producers, in the absence of a resonable market outlet, l,o use 25 per cent of their production in manufacture of gasoline. The Conservation association, which the operators claim was sponsored by seven major pipe line companies, charged that the stripping plants waste enough gas each day. about 1,069,838,000 cubic feet, to meet the daily domestic and commercial consumption of the entire United States. "Sure, we are wasting lots of gas," :aid D. D. Harrington of Hagy, Harrington & Marsh, one of the largest operators in the field. "But gasoline plants are our only recourse to keep the pipe line companies from confiscating our properties by drainage." C. E. Weymouth, vice president of the Conservation body, denied the association was dominated by pipe line companies. "The membership," he said, "includes land and royalty owners in fee of approximately 786,000 acres, many gas and oil producers, officials of practically all the pipe line companies operating in the field, and a number of citizens who have no in- terest in the production of oil and gas except as it is related- to the general welfare of the Panhandle. "Drainage of outside properties fcy pipe line companies is insignificant, " he continued, "in comparison with the drainage caused by stripping plants." Mayor Ross D. Rogers of Amarlllo predicted that the problem could be solved by legislation, but never by agreement—because "there are too many controversial angles and too many selfish interests involved." Mayor Rogers offered a '4-point program: 1. Repeal of the stripper or so- called "sour gas" law. 2. Restriction of natural gas usage to fuel and lighting purposes, including domestic and commercial consumption and a controlled use in the making of carbon black and its by-products. 3. Development of a fair method cf ratable taking of gas in all fields of the state. 4. A uniform lax to be determined by placing a gauge at each well and taxing every cubic foot, regardless cf its use, at the top of the hole. A huge network of pipe lines carrying gas from the west Panhandle field now covers a large por- licn of the middle west. Lines extend to Denver, Kansas City, Minneapolis, Chicago, and Indianapolis. The Indianapolis line is being extended toward New York. GAS, INDIGESTION WHEN you feel rundown and your stomacli gives trouble, with gas, or indigestion, try Dr. Picree's Golden Medical Discovery. If you are tliin-blooded, need to ! put on healthy flesh, this is a dependable vegetable tonic. Mr. ... \V. Jolly of 42(W Ave. A, Austin, Texas, .said : "I \va.q a victim u[ chrullic stomach trouliU', my .11 ferctl {turn im! stnmach and ; Dr. Piorcc's rii me fine relief I me fed liettiT K;il appetite, t Write J)r. I' . . _ for (ret; medical advice. jt-titc wuti poor and I sul- .;cstion. I had gas un my tiiiK's niy heart palpitated, den Medical Uiscuvepy gave oin tliis condition mid made i every way. It gives one a o." New sUe, tabs. SOc. •rce's CI '" ic ' Buffalo. N. y., M. P. DOWNS Automobile Loans Short and Long Terms REFINANCING Small and Large 604 Combs-Worley Bldg Phone 330 An exact giant model of the moon! as seen through huge telescopes is! nearing completion in Griffith parkj observatory at Los Angeles. Hard Water Will Wreck Any Budget Hard Water ADDS COST to your soap and cleanser bills — doubling them. Hard Water ADDS COST to your pi tunning- bills by c\oKK\ng pipes with .scale. Hard Water ADDS COST to your clothing bills by shortening the life of clothes. Hard Water ADDS COST to your food bills for tea, coffee, bean s, peas, etc. BANISH HARD WATER with a PERMUTIT WATER SOFTENER and increase your spendable income. Let us give you facts and figures regarding cost and savings. L L KING & CO. Combs-Worley Building Across Street from Courthouse TRAVEL BY TRAIN GREATLY REDUCED ONE WA Y SAVE BY USING PASSENGER FARES ROUND TRIP 3c Per mile in all classes of equipment. A Reduction of 162-3% Pullman Cost Reduced 331-!!% by Humiliation of surcharge 2e Per mile in Coaches Only. A Reduction ot 442-5% Enjoy the Safety, Comfort and Economy of T raveling by Railroad Ten Day IJmit 2c Per mile each way in all classes of equipment On salo daily. A Reduction of 331-3% Six Month Limit 2 Vic per M»Je each way in all daises of cquiument On sale daily. A Reduction of 30!£% Effective Generally West of Mississippi River. Ask your Local Agent for Details' FORT WORTH AND DENVER CITY RY, CO, THE WICHITA VALLEY RY, CO,

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