Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 29, 1964 · Page 4
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, December 29, 1964
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Page 4
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Opinion page A one-edged sword THE NATIONAL Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has ruled •gainst the General Electric take- It-or-leave-it technique in labor negotiations, known popularly as "Boulwarism." Its ruling involved the 1960 negotiations between General Electric and the International Union of Electrical Workers. Lemuel R. Boulware, the company spokesman at the time, authored the "fair and firm" offer approach. The NLRB has ruled that, aa a result, General Electric was guilty of bad-faith bargaining. By presenting some proposals on the take-it-or-leave-it basis, the ruling •tated, General Electric violated its "duty to bargain." Furthermore, the board found that, General Electric had sought to "undermine and discredit" the union by going over its head directly to the workers. General Electric contends the ruling damages free collective bargaining and freedom of speech. It has appealed the decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals in Chicago. So has the union, arguing the ruling didn't go far enough. James B. Carey, union president, said the decision will go a long way toward improving the labor-relations climate. We ;ire inclined to doubt this judgment. A labor expert for the U. S. Chamber of Commerce has said the decision means that management will be considered to be negotiating in bad faith "if it doesn't make concessions." Businessmen fear they will not be permitted to stand pat on any contract issue if the decision stands. In essence, the decision means that management will have to give in to union demands to some degree. A union bargainer would be assured of getting more wages and benefits than in the past contract. What about unions? There is nothing to prevent them from saying "take it or leave it" or we'll call a strike. The strike is an economic weapon, if used responsibly, that has been essential to unionism. But this decision strips management of any offsetting right. There undoubtedly have been instances when a company's refusal to grant concessions has been bad-faith bargaining. The same, without question, has applied to unions. Individual demonstrations of unfair bargaining should be presented to the NLRB for individual consideration. But this decision is a one-edged sword. It is hard to see how true collective bargaining could continue under such a blanket ruling. The taxpayer's friend THE GENERAL Accounting Office has a bunch of people who eent out those little reports saying the Army spent $20,000 or so entertaining guests for the Augusta National golf tournament, and so on. This makes the Army, and others, pretty mad at times, but it saves the taxpayer money. The General Accounting Office has just reported to Congress that it saved the government about $320 million for the fiscal year ending last June 30. So far, nobody has disputed the figure. Editorial of the day Most of the savings involved spotting and correcting bad and even illegal administrative practices. Most pertained to defense contracts. The accounting office, established in 1921 as a "watchdog" over government spending, said it saved seven times the amount it costs for its annual operation. This is good. It would be good even if it didn't have a 7-1 ratio of savings over spending. The sal- uatory influence it exerts by its very presence is helpful. And taxpayers know that every little bit helps. Where there's life there's Hope (Nation*) Observer) Bob Hope is, and long has been, ona nf our favorite people, not only bccniusa he possesses a rare qualily of wit but also because, unlike many "comedians" today, he combines that with an even rarer brand of com passion. Everybody's familiar with the annual Hope trek at Christmastime to entertain American servicemen slnlionorl abroad, a tradition that grew out of the comedian's ventures abroad during World War II. Though his audiences havo changed a good deal over the past 20 years, the jokes haven't. But thnl oh- Look out below! The unabridged dirlionary contains about all Hie words in the hnKuage— except the ones dad ti.sos when he slips on Junior's Christmas skfilcs. One of mother's less publicized problems is to find space in the house for all those new Christmas presents. Nobody ever says of you precisely what you would like cngrawi nn your tombstone. Memo to motorists: RC;K| lli and heed the linns. A L.KK NF'.'WSPAPKFt I»«urt1 Kvrry Wrrk Hay In- \bc I.KK KNTKHI'HISKS. INC. XX) N. Wmhlnclon ni»1 <?.V4270 Second Clam PnnUue f'Ald it Mni (in City, I.KK rubll.her LOOM IS . . . . 192.VIM1 KAY N. FIORICK ROBERT H. SFMF:GKI. THOR J. JKNSKN . . KEN E. BKRC, IX>NN K. WHITE MAUDE 1. W. Ill REUBEN w. CARKV':;;;;;:: 'iV ........ Pnhllnhrr Keillor Munacin* Krtlt.ir . Asiociato iCriltor A.m. F!u» Mjr. - Mgr. romp, llm Siipl. Supl. Tuesday Dec. 29, 1944 MEMBK.n ASSOCIATED 1'HKSS whlrh 1. •*. cluclvely entitled lo UM (or repiiDllc»llon of »U local newi printed In Chi* n«w»p»per >i well »> «11 AP newt <1l«i>«lch(!i. SUBSCRIPTION HATKS (By Carrier; On* year •«* •. On* week , \ * 4 1 OuLfld. Ma*on City «nd Clctr Y.iiiii'buVwilhln 100 Mllei of Mason City (North Iowa Kdltlon) •y m»ll 1 ye«r IMM Ur n\»U * months 7^55 OulJlrtd 100 Mill* Xonn (North low* Kdi'lon) On* yeir tine» III - —- * M °* viously doesn't mailer—the other day some 2,000 servicemen turned out in the snow and 28-dcgrce weather at Buyong in Korea to cheer Hope and his troupe. There were some, though, fit the 121st Evacuation Hospital at Ascom who couldn't make it, and Hope, typically, popped in on an unscheduled visit. "Merry Christmas," he boomed, adding deadpanned: "At case, fellows. Don't stand " When the patients.gave him a homemade Oscar," he told them, "You know this Is my first, and I'd rather have had one from you guys than anyone." And you know, we believe him. Pros and cons Medicare's many problems Helena, Mont., Independent-Record: In view of the critical shortage of hospital beds, of nurses and of doctors, it is apparent that medicare would create mure problems than it would solve and that something much less should be al- lemplcd first. Small counties must unite Crcsco Times-Plain Dealer: Unless some preliminary meetings are held by the small county legislators, they will bn carried along in the stream of legislative measures prepared well in advance by the city lawmakers. Remember? 10 years ago S/Sgl. l/c Charles Johnson, ion of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Johnson, Manly, who has been in the armed forces eight years, has received his discharge from Kort Devcns, Mass. SRI. Johnson spent over two years in Africa. 20 years ago Capt. Carroll Adams, w h o cnlcrrd service from the Park Hospital staff, was recently transferred lo the Barnes Rcncral hospital at Vancouver, Wash., where he is stationed as orthopedics surgeon. 30 years ago Waller Ferrell, secrelnry of the Iowa Automotive Merchants Assn., reported new automobile sales in Iowa for Hie first 11 months this year totaled 36,541, compared with 25,635 in 1933. 40 years ago Miss Dorothy Wilson, daughter of Mr. and Mn. R. W. Wilson, 519 N. Federal, who is a senior in the school of journal- Ism at the University of Iowa, has been elected vice president of th« Associated Students of Journalism. If it wasn't for your ideas ... I'd be president! Federal, state both should be powerful By RICHARD DOUGHERTY (for RCSCM Drum mend) WASHlNGtoN—One hearten. lag thing seems to be emerging from the current agonies of the Republican party. A significant number of leaden, particularly the governors, •re shaking themselves more and more free of the time-worn fallacy that, if we are to have a system of strong atate govern. menU in this country, we must "ipco facto" have a weak federal government. This proposition has been nourished by GOP spokesmen (or years. Based on the notion that power is something that gets divided up like a pie, it never made a great deal of sense. As time goes by, and the world gets bigger and more complicated, it makes even less. Sen. Goldwcter was a prisoner of this fallacy. In his campaign for the presidency he always linked, as if the link were inexorable, his argument for stronger state governments with the pledge to cut the federal government "down to size." The result was that many voters who might have been attracted by the promise of more forceful and effective state governments were put off by the violence of the attack on Washington. Cutting the federal govern- ment down to size in the minds af moat people means, in effect, repealing a good share of the New Deal. And the country is not abdut to repeal the New Deal. At the same time a very strong case can be made for the view that, given the vastness of the nation and variety and complexity of its problems, few Washington • directed programs can work as well as those which are locally designed to meet local needs. Liberated from in urvnecei- sary, indeed unrelated, hostility to the federal government, this position would find wide support among Republicans and Democrats alike. It would appear to have done so last November, in fact, when, • despite the overwhelming Johnson landslide, such men as Michigan's Romney and Rhode Island's Chafee were returned to their state houses by healthy margins. Neither of these two governors — anymore than Pennsylvania's Scranton, New York's Rockefeller, Idaho's Smylie, or Colorado's Love — are given to wild pronouncements on the federal colossus or to claiming not to know which is the greater menace, Washington or Moscow. They seem reasonably confident that strong, bold, and imag- inative governments can exist-, and should exist—on both state and federal levels at the sama time. And they do not, as Sen. Goldwater did in the campaign] seem to think this requires a "return" of power to the states from the central government. Th« attack which thes* sever- nors, as well as many GOP leg. tslators, can and do make on Washington is hardly related to power at all. It is related to money. The federal government takes the cream of the tax revenues — leaving the states and municipalities .with the skimmed milk. This provides sound grounds for complaint and it has a high relevance in the whole question of how to go about reinvigoraU ing state and local governments. More to the point, to press for a fair shake in the matter of tax revenues is a very different thing than to threaten to cut the national government down tr> size—and much more likely to be politically profitable. Perhaps it is in this matter of state power as related to federal power that the real separation occurs between party progressives and the Goldwater wing. Perhaps it is the conviction among the former that the cause of state government can be ad. vanced without dismantling tha republic. Extremists lessen prospects for unity in Africa Bv DAPIU.S S. IMARY/Af A ,.„« ««,i T>«i^: r *_. __ • .,, ». ..... By DARIUS S. JHABVALA New York Herald Tribune Newt Service UNITED NATIONS — Recent outbursts by African extremists in the Security Council have dimmed prospects for the eagerly sought unity among the continent's fledgling nations. Many African moderates were impressed by the speeches of U.S. Ambassador Adlai Steven- son and Belgian foreign minister Paul Henri-Spaak that denounced the extremists from Ghana, Guinea, Mali and Kenya for their openly racist arguments during the Congo debate. The general view is that the debate, initiated by 18 African stales, has done more harm than any other single issue confronting Africa. One indignant West African diplomat said the 18 extremists L/7e Begins at 40 Sharing the fun of vacation trip By ROBERT PETERSON Q. "I'm retired, have a new car and would love to take a cross-country sightseeing jaunt. But I don't seem to know anyone to go along and share the fun and the costs. How can one find congenial, reliable companions for a trip such as this?" A. The two best methods are (a) insert a notice in your local newspaper, and (b) put a notice on the bulletin board at your church or local senior citizen club. More ciders with autos should discover the joys of sharing motor trips with others. The maxim, "A pleasure shared is twice enjoyed" is particularly meaningful when it conies to automobile trips. Q. "The oilier day I found my 13-year-old granddaughter in tears. When 1 askod what was wrong she said, 'I'm sad because someday I'll be as old as you arc,' 1 wasted no time telling her thai anyone who reaches 75 is darned lucky and that even If I could I wouldn't (urn back the clock and return to the terrible teens. Who's responsible for all the foolish notions kids pick up about the horrors of growing old?" A. Some of these notions stem from children's books in which the heroes are youthful and the villains are old witches and misers. Others stem from the penchant of advertisers in stressing youlhfulnnss. I think your response to your granddaughter was admirable — we need more elders willing to shout the praises of mnturily. Q. "You often urge widows to remarry. Well. I've had two proposals and turned them both down flat. I was married to a no-good heel for half a century and at 72 am candid enough to say I prefer loneliness. When it comes to marriage — I've had it." A. Remarriage isn'l for everyone. Many enjoy the calm and quiet of living alone. But before resigning yourself to widowhood remind yourself that all men aren't heels and that it's possible the right man could come along and not only revive your faith in romance but add real pleasure to your later years. Q. "You wrote recently that everyone should take a trip abroad and that older people should join groups of other seniors on planned, low-cost tours of Kuropc. I'm 77, and, while I might like to see Europe before kicking off for parts unknown, I'm not able to travel alone and I refuse to be dragged from pillar to post on a planned tour. I wenl lo Yellowstone 25 years ago on a planned tour and you can have it. What can you suggest?" A. Traveling has improved a lot in Hie past two decades, and modern lours planned exclusively for senior citizens make travel leisurely and companionable. I've talked to literally hundreds of older people who have Kone on senior tours and have nothing but praise for them. One of iho best known touring groups for older people is the Travel Service of the non-profit American Association of Retired Persons, , r );>. r i Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. Stop Me .. by Cerf M ORRIS, longtime waiter at a Broadway restaurant, reaped that his end was near, hut assured his wife, "Sarah, any time you want lo see me, I'll come back." Then, cheerful to the end, he passed away. One. day Sarah visited a spiritualist, and said, "I must see my Morris. He's expecting; my call." The spiritualist turned out all the lights, and whispered, "Knock three times." Sarah knocked, but nothing happened. She knocked louder—again without result, Thoroughly annoyed, she cried, "Morris, this is the last time I call you. Come here immediately." There was a vivid flash of lightning 1 , and there was Morris, "So, you finally came," said Sarah, "Why didn't you appear the first time I knocked?" Mcxrria drew himself up, and pointed out haughtily, "It's not my table." Cannibal wolves, Insists Bob Hope, arc very particular fellows. They want ouly girl* who *r« gime. "have disunited the members of the organization of African unity to such a dangerous point that it would take our leaders years to repair the breech." The split is over tactics, not goals. Even before the Nov. 24 U.S.-Belgium operations to rescue hostages held by Congolese rebels there was general agreement in the OAU to seek U.N. affirmation of two vital principles to promote African political" interests. On principle is that the OAU, and it alone, would set up guide lines for sovereign African states in their dealings with neighbors. The other is that foreign economics and military intervention, even by permission of an African state, should first be cleared by the OAU. There is nothing unusual in asking U.N. approval of these principles. Regional organizations such as the organization of American States, the Arab League, and the Warsaw Pact, with the consent of the U.N. charter, have reserved for themselves the right of first To Your Health action in issues concerning their members. The split in the OAU appeared over how to get council sanction. Moderates led by Nigeri», Liberia, Sierra Leone and Senegal were convinced that the rescue of hostages should not be made an issue in the U.N. They asserted that the principles of the OAU would not be affirmed by attacking the legal and the moral right of those members whose nationals were held hostages. Another group, led by Algeria, Guinea, Mali, the traditionally anti-Western powers in Africa, and Kenya felt that failure to air the Congo issue in the council might lead other African _ states to invite former colonialists to intervene in domestic affairs. .This, they felt, was far more dangerous for the future of African unity than the immediate problem of the Congo. Fourteen other African members agreed and asked for the council without the support of the moderates. This left them in a position of speaking for only a minority of the Africans, and not for the continent. In the tactics employed in the council, many observers felt, the 18 committed a graver error. They blunted their attack by resorting to vituperations instead of legalisms, emotionalism rather than responsibility. It remained for Nigerian Foreign Minister Jaja Wachuku to diagnose the crisis within the African group. He blamed it partly on the OAU for failure to aid the Congo government of Moise Tshombe and partly on the blind hatred that Tshombe evokes among the Africans. Despite'the errors of the 18, both the Western powers and the moderate Africans agreed with the underlying demand that the problem of the Congo should be handled by the Africans themselves under the over, all supervision of the U.N. Investor's Guide It's convertible and cumulative Stuttering generally is a psychological thing By DR. JOSEPH MOLNER Dear Dr. Molrver; My five- year-old grandson has stuttered for two year*. HU parents have been told not to discipline or correct him. They tried this but it does no good. Could it b* caused by sleeping in the same room with his sister, who Is a year younger? She keeps him awake and pesters him. Will this stuttering stop by itself or is there anything we c»n do? H* gets angry when he does not have his own way, «nd always wants to be the boss. He does not hava many children to play with, however. H* will not eat any vegetables or potatoes, just cereal, frankfur. ters and hamburgers, candy, soda and ice cream. His stuttering is so bad that people will not take time to listen to him and he gets very frustrated. — Mrs. H.H. Occasionally a defect in the speech center of the brain can cause stuttering b u t in most cases—and apparently in this one—it is psychological. The stutter usually appears about the time the child is learning to form sentences. It can increase in severity during early school years, and tends to decline in adolescence. I printed most of your letter, Mrs. H. H., because it mentions a number of psychological factors which can enter the picture: The boy has temper tantrums, wants his own way, won't eat properly, is annoyed by his little sister (sibling competition, the psychiatrists might term it), and he has limited contact with other children his own age. Hi* short temper, impatience and frustration all add to the psychological pressure which causes the stutter. The parents were well advined to be tolerant. They cannot force or discipline a child into not stilltcring. They should be patient — and I hope others will be patient enough to wait and listen when the boy tries to talk. Elders should not, of course, ever make fun of him, or help him finish a word or a sentence. He must do this himself. Tolerance should not extend to Civinj* in to every whim. Thii boy ihoulrt have an adequate. balanced meal set before him, and should not get dessert or ice cream or candy until he eats it. If he decides not to eat regularly, he shouldn't get anything else instead. There should be no threats or lecturing about this. It should be a matter-of- fact statement. (He'll soon start eating properly.) Now he is at kindergarten age, teachers may be able to help him. More contact with children may also help. Giving him a room of his own, if possible, and eliminating the pestering by his younger sister, might reduce his frustration and tension. You say that a tolerant attitude by the parents has lieen tried but "does no good." I wonder! It can do some good (in fact it is usually necessary) without putting a quick end to the stutter. The parents may be overly impatient themselves, and dealing with stuttering is a problem that is never helped by impatience. It is not something that can be quickly cured. By SAM SHULSKY Q.—About five years ago I bought 100 shares of $1.12 Florida Public Utilities cumulative preferred $20 par. Dividends come in regularly. What is a "cumulative convertible preference stock"? Is it the same as preferred? And what is its present value? I don't seem to be able to get a direct answer from the broker. What about Niagara Mohawk preferred selling at 107? A.—You own some of the 30,900 odd cumulative convertible preferred shares of Florida Pub- tic Utilities. The stock is listed over the counter where it sells for about $26 a share. At that price the $1.12 dividend works out to a yield of about 4.3 per cent. The term "cumulative" indicates that if, for any reason, a dividend were omitted! on this stock, it would accrue as a claim against the company and have to be made up before any dividend could be paid on the common. The "convertible" term means that you have the privilege at any time of turning in your preferred shares for 1.08 shares of the common which is listed on. the counter market and sells around $24. Thus your stock not only gives you a "preferred" position as a shareholder and dividend receiver but the right to convert to common should it become desirable. Niagara Mohawk has about a half dozen cumulative preferreds (but not convertible) listed on. the N. Y. Stock Exchange. The one selling around 107 pays $5.25 a year in dividends, which works out to a yield of 4.9 per cent. The stock has an A rating. • Q.— I'm 28, soon to be married. I have $3,000 in savings that will be used toward purchase of a $13,000 home, I also have about $3,000 in common stocks. Should I sell the stock and thus cut the mortgage? A.— If you use your $3,000 cash and $3,000 in stock toward buying the home, what will you use for an emergency fund? I don't think a fellow ought to start marriage with no bank account. I'd rather keep the cash and sell the stock to be used as a down payment. Include in the mortgage a clause giving you the right to prepay part of it. If, after you're married, you find- you still have money to spar» (?) you can then cut the mortgage further. • Q.— I own DuPont. I noticed it closed one day at 293 and tha next at 236. Am I right in thinking most of the drop resulted From distribution of one-half share of General Motors? A.— 100 per cent right. . BOUQUET To SALVATION ARMY — for its many manhours of devotion and goodwill at Christmas time. This is an annual labor of love that is directed to the less fortunate in the Mason City area. They'll Do It Every Time ^•ccai^__^^^___ _ w WHOUFTEPAi/ TOBACCO ?rr WAS RIGHT HERE/ JVE BEEN MISSIN'A LOT OF STUFF// SOME SNEAK THIEF IS LOOSE IN COULD RAISE 7OBACCO OH THAT PESK WITH ALL THE COMPOST YOU GOT BEPPEP W -WERE, HE KNOWS SO /MUCH AS TOUCHES A R4PER-THE WHOLE RLE COLLAPSES/ /LAST 7WE . -,,v^ ! / ROOTEP AROfJMP W THAT I PEBRIS ME CAME UP WfTH \A LIBRARY" BOOK TWO ^YEARS ~--•<•-••- MOW I'M SUMPOSEP TO CLEAN HOPPPHE'S SHOULRA <. WORK DOWN r IM THE L PUMPS- WATCWNO THE OFFICE PACK RAT WAX SUS- PIOOUS WHEH HE FJNP WHATEVER- 112-29 I . 24 LINCOLN ST., 80STON,MAS$

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