Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 26, 1964 · Page 11
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 11

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Mason City, Iowa
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Saturday, December 26, 1964
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Page 11
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The champion tail-twister Opinion page r Emergence of GOP governors THE DEBATE over the future of the Republican Party is accelerating: rather than diminishing. Much is rhetoric, but one new force has emerged. It is a Governors' Association with muscle and ambition. By establishing an office and staff in Washington, B.C., the association has served notice that it intends to have a more aggressive voice in national party policy. This is a direct challenge to the traditional position of GOP congressional leaders as principal spokesmen on policy. Barry Goldwater has expressed his opposition to the move by the 18 Republican governors and governors-elect. Specifically, Goldwater had this to say in part in a U.S. News and World Report interview : "My belief is that, when a party is out of the White House, it has to look to the elected members of Congress for day-to-day leadership. This would mean Charlie Halleck and Everett Dirksen and their policy and campaign committees. "I agree that the governors could take a more active interest in the national party, but remember that, on the national level, a governor's first political responsibility is to deliver his state for th« presidential team. "Now, if he gets engaged with national politics to the extent that • he doesn't deliver his own state, then he's not helping the party . ." Goldwater also said that the problems of the various governors "are in no way related." He can't see, then, "how they are going to come to any meeting of the minds." To the contrary, there isn't a governor of any state that can afford to isolate himself from national policy today. Each and every state is so involved in broad federal relationships that the governor's interests must be wide and overlapping. Governors are men who must answer the needs of their people with practical programs, then administer them. The State Houses are producing attractive personalities in men tike Romney, Scranton and Hatfield. Their voices should be heard and, it is apparent, will be heard in the years ahead. Canada has a new flag .THE NEW Canadian flag isn't at all flamboyant. It has a bright red maple leaf on a white background with vertical red stripes at each end. This neutral emblem is the end result of a controversy that howled the length and breadth of the land In both English and French. It is the brainchild of Prime Minister Lester Pearson, who decided on the harmless design to soothe French-Canadians who have objected to the former flag, a red ensign with the British-Union Jack on it., The British born and bred bristled. There was a nonstop debate In the House of Commons. It opened on June 15 and continued sporadically until a week ago when the House voted to end the filibuster. It ended 250 speeches and 33,actual days of debate. The argument is over officially. Canada h a s an official national flag, which may suit another generation but isn't likely to produce unity during Prime Minister Pearson's reign. The London Times smothered its pride and provided this benediction: "The flag should win in time love and lustre as Canadians come to associate it with their national, triumphs and sorrows." Editorial of the day Executions on the wane (Don Oakley, NEA) Capital punishment is slowly passing in this country, not so much from abolition as from disuse. Nine states have now done away with it entirely — Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Wisconsin and most recently, by referendum on Nov. 3, Oregon. Even among 41 other states, and federal government, the number of executions has dropped drastically. Last year's record, when 21 prisoners were put to death, was an all-time low. By contrast, 199 executions took place in 1935. The pros and cons of the value of capital punishment still arouse the passions not only of ordinary citizens but penologists, sociologists and other professionals. Advocates on both sides of the question cite evidence that the crime of murder increases, decreases, stays the same or bears no relation to the existence or nonexistence of the death penalty. It is likely that the question will never be settled statistically but only in the changing attitudes of men. The trend of history-seems to be on the side of those who believe there must be a better way than the legal taking of lives to punish or prevent the illicit taking of other lives. Look out below! An optimist is a man who marries his secretary and thinks he can go on dictating to her. " You're middle-aged if the girl you whistle at assumes that you're calling your dog. It's OK to stand on your dignity if you have something to fall back on. A clear conscience is the original tranquilizer. Memo to housewives: Don't let home be where the hurt is. GLOBE-GAZETTi A LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every We«k Day by U» LEE ENTERPRISES, INC. MO N. Washington Dial 423-4270 Second Class PosUf* Paid at Mason City, towm No military cutback, only relics to get ax By LAURINCE BARRETT WASHINGTON — One might . "easily get the impression, watching 4 Secretary McNamara squeeze the defense establishment through the economy wringer, that we are at last moving toward disarmament and demobilization after a generation of preoccupation with military security. This is not so. If we are moving at all, it is in the opposite direction. What is happening behind the i n e v i t a ble loud controversy which accompanies the forced change of old institutions is an adjustment to allow us to support indefinitely — with minimum discomfort — a large war machine. This machine will grow in destructive power, not diminish. 1C it decreases somewhat in size, it will be useless relics that go, not tools that dole out death efficiently. If the cost goes down in absolute terms, or in relation to other government expenditures, the savings cannot be attributed to fewer real fighting men, but to less costly ways of maintaining them. The need for the adjustment is both clear and understandable. The period since World War II is the first time in the country's history during which a large peace-time military establishment has been necessary. We were inexperienced at it. So we floundered around in a tub of outdated ideas and half-baked new ones, responding as a rule only to the crisis of the moment. In Korea we paid dearly in blood for our neglect of conventional infantry. In Viet Nam we are still paying dearly for our neglect during the '50s of unconventional ground warfare. All along we have paid dearly in money because of misappraisals of our adversaries' abilities in the nuclear and space fields and because of plain old inefficiency. This state of affairs could not go on for three reasons. The very real threats to our national security and legitimate interests demand realistic responses. Building more super- bombers will not prevent more Viet Nams or Communist subversion in Latin America. Maintaining numerous reserve divisions, h a I f-m a n n e d, half- equipped, requiring six months to go to war when they are needed in six weeks, will not * V \ \ \ „ <J Another violent year in Latin America By BERT QUINT New York Herald Tribune News Service MEXICO CITY — It's been another rough year for the restless and violent land we know as Latin America. Two more constitutional governments fell. Blood ran on the streets and mountain slopes of half a dozen other countries. Civilians or military men are sitting uneasily in the palaces of several more. And the incessant political turmoil, which makes impossible the economic growth the 206 million people who live in the area need to shake off the poverty that keeps them ill-fed, ill- housed and under-educated, shows no sign of abating. Looking at what they call the big picture, officials in Wash- ington may consider that 1964 wasn't so bad. After all: Brazil ousted its far left president. Chile elected a socialist president rather than the Communist who looked as though he might win. British Guiana's Communistic premier was beaten in elections with the aid of a bit of constitutional hanky-p a n k y by Mother England. Investor's Guide Liquidating some stocks Publisher LEE P. LOOMIS IMS—1961 RAY N. RORICK Publisher ROBERT H. SPIEGEL Editor DONN E. WHITE A«L But. Mgr. THOR J. JENSEN Manatfnc Editor KEN E. BERG .' Associate Editor KENNETH W. CAREY Ret. Adr. Mgr. MAUDE STACKHOUSE Nat Adv. MET. I. W. HILLSTROM Circulation Mtrr. C. J. EGGERT Comp. Rm. Sup*. REUBEN W. SWEHLA Preearm. Supt. Saturday Dee. M, 1H4 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which I* exclusively entitled to UM for republicatka of aD local newi prMed in thia newspaper aa well a* all AP MW* di»jMit:h«*. •UMCIUPTION RATES (By Carrier) Oo« year .. B*.M OM week «• Outside Maaon Ctty and Clear Lake bat Wltht* 100 Mile* of Mason City. (North leva Edition) By mall 1 year II4.M By mall I month* 7.M Outaid* 100 MUe Zoew (North lew* Edition) One year tttM tlx month*. 1».M Pros and cons How to become a bookie Osage Press-News: Already there have been a number of readers asking us how they can become "bookies" when the new Democratic legislature passes Iowa's parimutuel racing law. Won't that be dandy, having the bangtails burning up the dirt oval at the Mitchell County fairgrounds? School bus operational costs Algona Upper Des Moines: It would be interesting to have someone compile comparative operating costs for school buses as handled under the present system, and costs that would prevail under private bus operation. Remember? 10 years ago The Rev. Keith M. Williams, Mason City High School graduate, and a missionary, is in Mason City to spend the holidays with his family. A one night missionary meeting will be held in the YMCA. 20 yean ago Charles Dana Gibson, 76, the artist, creator of the Gibson girl, the gay 90's "ideal American woman," died December 23 of a heart attack. His career in art started when he won a prize for a sketch of President Garfield. 30 year* ago Miss Madalynne Powell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George E. Powell, 322 Beaumont Drive, is studying at the Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia, wher« she has been recently awarded a four year scholarship. 40 ywn 090 Floyd — During services last night representatives of the Floyd County Ku Klux Klan filed into the Methodist Church here and presented to the putor a purse of money and • letter expressing their loyalty to the churches. By SAM SHULSKY Q. I have .knowledge of several stocks that are to be sold within the next month to settle an estate. I was told these stocks would be sold below market due to nature • of selling. One is Pacific Tel. & Tel. which pays exceptional dividends. I don't know if it is preferred or common. I know nothing of the market. A. I can't imagine why any estate executor would sell Pacific Tel. & Tel. — common or preferred — for much less than the going price for these securities on the N.Y., Boston and Pacific Coast stock exchanges. If a large block — in the case of the common, 10,000, 15,000 or more shares — was involved, it would be handled by a large • brokerage firm which specializes in "special or secondary distributions." But even then the price would be set around the going price for the stock' on the board and any saving to the buyer would he fractional, consisting, in most cases, of a saving of the commission. You don't list the other stocks to be liquidated. It could be they are obscure, closely held issues, with no exchange listing. This might necessitate a price markdown. But then, if you don't know too much about investing, perhaps you shouldn't touch this off-beat stuff. If I seem to be belaboring the point it's because I automatically raise storm signals every time a reader mentions a "bargain." I don't know of many in Wall Street unless you mean the purchase of a stock this month--which is on the way up and will show you a handsome profit next year. That's not a "bargain" in the sense of getting a $200 item for $135, but, rather, the reward for successfully peering into the future. Pacific Tel. is a fine quality ("A") common which yields about 4.1 per cent at current market price. The preferred is "AAA" and yields about 4.3. Neither has to be sold "cut- rate." So go easy until you get more facts than you now have. Q. Several years ago I bought some oil shares on rights. I sold the stock this year. How can I determine my profit? I don't have the records of the purchase. A. Since you bought the shares on rights, the company would have all the details you need. Write to the treasurer. Q. I imagine a lot of women would like the answer to this On the'Bookshelf one: How can a woman save and collect interest on her money without her husband knowing about it when income tax time comes along? A. This is a tough spot to be in. As a rule, I think it's a serious mistake for husband or wife to conceal finances from each other. However— If you buy tax-exempt, municipal bonds you needn't report the interest income. High grade municipals today yield about 3 to 3V4 per cent. If you bought E bonds, you could continue to hold them for years without becoming subject to any tax until you cash them. Of course, they provide no current income, but •grow at the rate of 3% per cent annually. Mr. ShuLakjr welcomes nil reader mill and tries to Include all problem* of general interest in the column. While he cannot undertake In answer all queries personally, readers desiring Investment lists should address requests to Sam ShutskT en- cloibif self-addressed, stamped envelope care of the Globe-Gaiette. Trouble-maker Juan Domingo Pcron was prevented from returning to Argentina from his Spanish exile. The Alliance for Progress got more projects going up and down the hemisphere. But the area is still sick — a moral as well as an economic sickness that it would be suffering even if Fidel Castro didn't exist. And anyone who thinks that the Alliance for Progress is going to cure this illness next year, or even in the next 10 or 20 years is whistling in a graveyard. The sickness is a birthright, given the new race of Mestizos created by the wedding of native Indian women with the Iberian adventurers, by those conquistadors who came to America to plunder, not to build, who erected a society itx which might was the only'right, in which human beings were commodities of little worth, in which democracy was a dirty word. Political power was regarded in these countries as merely a means of holding on to what the wieldcrs of economic power owned. Political conuetition was the battle of the "outs" to get in, and of the "ins" to stay in. No system of social justice, of even roughly equitable distribution of the riches of these nations, was devised. The wealthy remained wealthy. The poor remained miserable, with little hope of improving their lot. In some countries — Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay and lately Venezuela — there have been periods of enlightenment. A middle class is struggling to emerge. But poverty is still more of a rule than an exception in these countries, as well as in the rest. And greed is still the area's principal motivating force in politics. Communism is nothing more than a contributing factor to today's unrest in Latin America, but because the unrest is so great, and there is such good reason for it. Communist agitators find their task easier than it wovnd be in move tranquil lands. This combination of greed of the "ins" and of those who want to get their turn at the gravy bowl of public office, of Communist agitation, and of sincere nationalism and revolution for the sake of those who have been trampled upon the centuries, assures that 1965 will he another year of violence. deter a sudden but limited bit of aggression. Of equal importance, domestic demands on national resources have for too long taken second place to military requirements. Population figures give continuing and vivid evidence of the needs in education and other fields. Finally, the military pork barrel in all its ramifications — the odd affinity some members.of Congress have for military forms and prerogatives, the dependence of industry on great sums of defense money inefficiently spent, the widely-held belief in hundreds of communities that happiness is a huge military payroll close at hand — must be kept within the tightest possible limits. Otherwise, real progress toward disarmament, if international conditions ever permit it, will be impossible. The military pork barrel flourishing for another generation could prove the Marxists right in their argument that our industrial system cannot survive peace. McNamara's troubles with the services and with Congress cannot all be explained away as a struggle between a right thinking genius on the one hand and anachronistic generals and legislators on the other. A number of his decisions to scrap specific weapons developments and to centralize responsibility for certain activities in his own hands are open to argument. Despite McNamara's great anc! growing confidence in his own wisdom, the correct answers in some- cases may not be known for years. But the basic principles under which he is operating appear quite sound: Refusal to spend billions on new gadgets until their need is established on objective criteria; refusal to be bound by tradition or political considerations in determining which portions of the defense establishment to scrap, which to reform, and which to leave alone; determination to back up the concept of civilian control of the military with civilian know-how. These are the principles that led to the cutback of surplus military installations despite the protests ol lawmakers, mayors, governors, and workers. They led to the current plan, to reform, th^ reserves and to end the 1 rather unhealthy relationship between Congress and the reserves. The effort to reform the military from an onerous collection of stop-gap programs into something more rational and bearable has also led to the current examination of the draft, which is another hand-me-down from the days when we were, either at war or at peace, with no cold, gray area between. To Your Health When is cancer cured? New library service By GLADYS KEHM Reference Librarian Mason City Public Library The library has added to its reference department the "Congressional Quarterly" service, a current guide to American government and politics. This service includes a weekly report, a quarterly index, and an almanac. It is an authoritative record published by Congressional Quarterly Inc., Washington, D.C. The "Congressional Quarterly" service gives "(1) Major issues fully explained — pros, Try and Stop Me .. by Cerf A KATONAH, N.Y., housewife was checking on a reference .£*- offered by an applicant for a chief gardener's job. "Can you assure me," asked the housewife, "that this Mr. Soand- so is a steady work- «r?" "Steady?" echoed the former employer with a chuckle. "Why he's practically motionless." * * * Hollywood writer Army- Arched played host to a group of fellow scribes at a Las Vegas restaurant recently. When, the waitress presented the tab he signed it with a. flourish. The waitress studied his signature, then assured him, "You're a. wonderful writer, - ^ _ ^_ f ~, Mr. Arched." "Thanks," - V beamed Arched, after making sure that his guests all had heard the compliment. "Yes, Indeed," continued the waitress, still examining the signature. "Most people who sign checks here, you can't figure out what the heck their name is!" From the random thoughts of Leopold Fechtner: 1. If your wife insists she wanU to drive your car, don't stand in her way. 2. You cannot fall out of bed If you sleep on the floor. 3. I lova to dance with strangers—and there la NOBODY who dances stranger than my wife. cons, history, pressures, politics, outlook. (2) How Congress is organized for work — all members by party, seniority, committee assignments, leadership posts, full background of members in influential positions. (3) Politics and elections — fully analyzed details. (4) Investigations — fully and clearly explained. (5) The lobbyists — who they are, what they want, what they do about it, what they spend, what they get. (6) Court decisions and administrative rulings affecting legislation before Congress explained in detail. (7) The President's press conferences, major statements, speeches and messages — the full texts, thoroughly indexed. (8) Presidential legislative requests and subsequent congressional action catalogued." The voting records of Congressmen are analyzed: How often they vote, how they vote on important issues, how they vote on the President's requests, how they vote by party. Whatever great issues or important events are making history, "Congressional Quarterly" issues supplementary reports. • Editor's Note: "Congressional Quarterly" is on* of the basic research service* of the Glob* - Gazette Opinion Page. By DR. JOSEPH MOLNER Dear Dr. Molner: I wish you could answer my problem soon, as I am worrying a great deal. After an operation for cancer and a follow-up test which was negative, can one consider herself cured? How often should a test be made? And is it possible for cancer to spread to another area without being known? — Mrs. A.N. From the little you tell me, I would say that you are worrying needlessly. Perhaps the following explanation will help you. Almost all cancers do start in a single spot. In the early stages, they are of microscopic size. They grow gradually until they are big enough to create symptoms: Lumps, painless sores, bleeding, etc. Eventually, if allowed lo keep growing, a cancer will reach an invasive stage, meaning that it spreads into adjoining tissue. And finally some of the cells break loose and begin to range through the body indiscriminate- ly. Sometimes these cells are disposed of by the body without doing damage. But some of them may lodge in another organ and a new cancer begins to grow. This process of moving to another area is called metastasis, and such cancers then are called mctastalic cancers. Thus if a cancer is detected in the early or intermediate stages, and is entirely removed, the result is a cure. That is why so much emphasis is made on early diagnosis and having your doctor examine, at once, any sign that even remotely MIGHT mean cancer. If, in the operation, not quite all of the cancer is removed, then the remainder can keep on growing. To prevent this danger, segments of healthy tissue arc removed from all sides of the original cancer. Once the process of metastasis — or indiscriminate spreading — has begun, it may be too late. Some of the wandering cells can be expected to start new cancers in one place or another. Now let's apply this to your case. You had surgery, a follow-up study, and no sign of cancer was found. You do not say how long ago this took place, nor where the original cancer was, and these factors would have some bearing on my answer. Therefore, your best course is to con- suit your surgeon. For statistical purposes, a patient is "cured" if there is no sign of the disease after five years. Many, many thousands have been cured of cancer and have passed this "five-year requirement." But actually, of course, it didn't take five years to cure them; they were cured as soon as the operation was over. The five-year wait is just a means of being statistically positive that the whole cancer was removed, and that no metastasis had gone unrecognized. They'll Do It Every Time BISTER ROSEWATER, THE ENGLISH PROF, ABHORS THE USE OF SLANG AND BAD SPEECH IN GENERAL •— BUT CATCH HIM AT A BASKETBALL GAME-STRICTLY DESE.VOZE ANP DEN SOME — BOUQUET To CAROLERS— for their uplifting vocalizing at Christmas time. Churches, schools and private organizations all put forth special efforts to help make this a icason to be remembered. MOTHER 7ON6UE 13 'BEAUTIFUL LAN6UA6E-ANP REMEMBER--SLANG IS THE PROP OF THE UNCOUTH SLOVENLY SPEECH IS THE ARCH ENEMY OF GENTILITY—" DIRTY FO6-EYEP , REF// COTTON-PICKIM CROOK. 1 ! BUSHWA /.' WE WUZ , ROBBED// M

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