Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 23, 1964 · Page 14
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 14

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Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 23, 1964
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Page 14
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The Editor's Notebook Opinion page Buying happiness at Christmas Bargaining over the canal AN ELEMENT of Yankee bargaining is involved in President Johnson's order to work toward a sea-level Jink between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans to replace thft Panama Canal. The announcement included a promise to renegotiate the treaty with Panama that would retain U.S. rights to run and protect the canal, but would recognize Panama sovereignty. Panama's president, Marco A. Robles hailed it as "an historic day." He commented only on Johnson's proposal for a new treaty, however. Robles didn't say a word about the fact that the new canal could be built in Colombia or Nicaragua (and a part of Costa Rica) as well as Panama. Johnson left the clear implication that if things don't go well, treaty included, the lucrative canal doesn't have to be in Panama. Panama offers the shortest,— and perhaps best—route. The present canal could be deepened and widened to eliminate the slow and elaborate locks, which are so vulnerable in time of war. There also is a second Panamanian route as a possibility. The Panama routes are 50 to 60 miles in length. The Colombian route, passing through jungles and uninhabited territory, is about 100 miles-in length and the Nicaraguan route about 140 miles long. The Colombian route, however, offers the best opportunity for being blasted with nuclear devices. This is theoretically feasible, but practical applications still are being studied. The nuclear test-ban treaty also is an obstacle. Nevertheless, the alternatives to a Panamanian route are pointedly under consideration. It should give Panama officials pause before they tell the Yankees to go home. Dour and durable Gromyko ANDREI GROMYKO should write a book on survival. The grim, dark Gromyko, 55, has been a frontline diplomat under Stalin, Khrushchev and now the Kosygin-Brezhnev leadership. Successively, he has been Soviet ambassador to the United States, Soviet representative to the U.N. Security Council (remember his 25 velos in 24 months) and now foreign minister, a position he has held since 1957. To achieve this continuity in Russia, a man must be either a superb and acrobatic diplomat or a realistic mouthpiece. There is strong evidence that Gromyko is the latter. He has skill as a diplomat, but owes his unbroken service to the fact that he has been an obedient servant of the leadership in power. He has been a negotiator, never a maker of policy. W. Averill Harriman gave this capsule summary of Khrushchev's feelings on the matter in a 1959 interview. Khrushchev said: "Gromyko only says what we tell him to! At the next Geneva meeting he will repeat what he hua already told you. If he doesn't, we'll fire him and get someone who does." Only look who got fired. Put a dollar to work BARGAIN: A gift of ,fl can buy 27 pounds of food for a hungry family in 19G5. Anyone can participate by sending the dollar to CARE Food Crusade, New York, N.Y., 10016. Each dollar pays for fine 27-pound package. The goal is to send 6.5 million packages to help nourish neai-ly 38 million people on four continents next year. CARE headquarters passes along a comment by a staff man Look out below! People come in three classes: The few who make things happen, the many who watch Ihings happen, and the overwhelming majority who have no idea what happened. Mistletoe is a parasite—that's something that thrives by attachment. H's good lo know the truth about mistletoe since people have given it so much lip service. Congressmen undoubtedly will be in favor of eacli and every economy program that docs not involve n cut in their respective areas. Man is the only animal known who goes to sleep when he isn't sleepy nnd gets up when he is. Some guys would do better in a car with tub scats than in one with buckets. Memo to motorists: Alert at Christmas, alive at New Year's. GLOBE-GAZET'i A LEE NEWSPAI'EH liiucd Every Week Day by lh« LEE ENTERPRISES, INC. 100 N. Washington Dial 42.1--I270 Second Clas« Postage Paid lit Maton City, low* Publisher LEE P. LOOM IS 1825—1962 RAY N. RORICK Publlnhcr ROBERT H. SPIEGEL Editor DONN li. WHITE A.Jt. Hiu. Miir THOR J. JENSEN MannKlnn Editor KEN E. BERG Amocfala Editor KENNETH W. CAREY Ret. Adv. Mar. MAUDE STACKiroUSE Nnt. rtrlv. Mer 1. W. IIILLSTROM Circulation Mur. C. J. EOGERT Comp, Km. Supl. REUBEN W SWEHLA Premrm. SupL Wednesday Dee. 23, 1964 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which If exclusively entitled to use (or ropubllcatlon of Jill local newi printed In IhU newipaper a» well us ill AP newi dispatcher SUBSCRIPTION RATES <By Carrier) One year . ... $20.dO On* week . . 40 Outside Moon City nnd Clear L»k« but Within 100 Mlie* of Mason City. (North tow* Edition) By mall 1 year ., »M.OO By mall t month* 7.50 Outalde 100 Mile Zon* (North Iowa Edition) One year (10.00 Six monthi after delivering packages in n destitute village in Colombia: "Most of all we were affected by the children, whose reaction to the simple food was almost like that of American kids to their Christmas toys. "You never saw such smiles and tears of happiness on the faces of youngsters who, for most of their lives, never go a day without hunger." That's the message. You have the address. Pros and cons Somo interesting points of view gleaned from our exchanges GOP needs young blood Crcsco Timcs-riain Dealer: When nn- olhcr election rolls around the best way for the Republican party to make a comcbark is to lap Hie vast resources of (lie younger generation and see to it Hint they nrc chosen in Uic primary election rather thnn to follow the path of lonsl resistance nnd rc-clcct the "veterans". The Republican image of long service in nn4ional nnd district posts is no longer wanted by tho people of Iowa and llic nation. Junk yards hide beauty Korl Dod^c Messenger: The huge and unsightly yards of old vehicles are, a blol on natural bcnuly of areas surrounding highways in the Fort Dodge- vicinity, ns well as tlirmighout the stale and nation. Keep people, money at home Algona Advance: Maybo if we'd keep our people — and particularly our money — at homo some of these Congo-like hassles would rtio from want of malcrial io fighl with and nbout. Remember? 10 years 090 A former Globe-Gazette, employe, iarlrs Sorlien, has received n promotion nt WCCO-TV, Minncapolis-Sl. Paul. In his new duties, he will produce and direct several programs each day. 20 years ago Carl Peters, son of Mr. and Mrs. Otto Peters. -MO 5th SW, has been promoted lo rndnrmnn ,Vc in the Pacific, where lie is now stationed on a minesweeper. 30 years ago C. K. Thomas, superintendent of the Idcnl.Sand and Gravel Company, was named a member of Uic code committee at a meeting of the representatives of sand and gravel industries from Iowa and Nebraska. 40 years ago F. G. Root, supervisor-elect of Ccrro Gordo County, will meet with the board of supervisors in order to become nc- rnminted wllli the details of tho office before going in tiic first of the year. That coin or bill you dropped in the Salvation Army kettle went to work this week. All told, the people of the Mason City-Clear Lake area annually contribute about $5,000 to the Christmastime kettles and mail appeal. Just what docs it buy? Basically, it buys brief happiness for unfortunate families, both town and rural, in this area. Specifically, about half of it goes for groceries and half for new toys. Even t more specifically, one family of a dozen children will have a Christmas dinner and the children 'will have toys that a $68 weekly income couldn't buy. Major Herbert Bowe, officer in charge of the Mason City Corps, said Wednesday this is one of some 200 families that will be helped. "A family like this can scrape along somehow through the year," said the major, "but Christmas is different. "They need something just a little extra, a little lift. "Some ask occasionally why we don't get just food and clothing for such families for Christmas. "We feel that children need the joy that comes with getting a toy . . ." The basement of the Salvation Army building here was filled with new toys on Monday afternoon. There were fluffy dogs . . . car kits . . . family games . . . balls . . . painting and drawing sets. Most cost a $1 or two. On the side were some inexpensive plastic cars and other gadgets, just right to fill out the toe of a Christmas stocking. Parents from the 200 or more families started coming Tuesday morning to select toys for their children. The names of most had come from welfare agencies. Some had been suggested by unions, business people, churches. All had been cross-checked with Family Service to see there was no duplications. (Family Service uses the Globe-Gazette's Christmas Cheer Fund to help some 400 families in Mason City, while the Salvation Army goes, into surrounding rural areas, too). \ It took only 24 hours to empty the toys from the basement of the Salvation Army building. They will be given to'children on Christmas, not as a Salvation Army gift, but as a remembrance from the parents. "They're not Salvation Army gifts anyway," said Major Bowe. "They come from the public — the people of this area who made contributions." Tbere'f a unique tidebar to this story of giving. It's called the Salvation Army toy lift, a statewide program that remembers the children of prisoners in the Iowa prison system. "Every year we get word that Cerro Gordo families of two or three men or women in prison will get toys for the children," said Major Bowe. "The gifts are postmarked from the town in which the prison is located, but with no reference to the prison itself. "Again, it is the case of a child getting a toy direct from his mother or father. This can be important," The distribution of the toys ft no thankless job. Letters and notes of gratitude will start arriving at the Salvation Army office soon after Christmas. It's always this way. Major Bowe remembers one thank-yon letter in particular. It came last Christmas from a family that had been down in its luck in December, 1962. At that time, both the father and mother had been ill. There were three children at home, but the family had no income Well, here I go again! ) •^•^OTKXK; To Your Health That natural "flab look" By DR. JOSEPH MOLNER Dear Dr. Molner: I am 50 and my chin and neck are starting to look flabby. My physical culturist teaches that you should twist and stretch neck muscles tp tone them up. However, some beauty experts advise against excercis- ing the neck, claiming that one should avoid stretching the skin, but that proper carriage of the head In time will eliminate some of the drop. —Mrs. V.S. Both kinds of advisers have lo make their living, and naturally try to convince people that they have methods that will unflab the flabbincss. Some evenls we just have to accept. After 40 or so, the tone of the skin changes. So docs the fibrous tissue under the skin. Another factor is that the texture of skin varies with people. We can't do much about that. . for still another, if we put on extra weight and later (wisely) lose it, we have also stretched the skin and then let it sag when the fat departs. Early in life, this is tolerable. Try and Stop Me .. by Cerf J OHN LAYCOCK recalls a murky day during World War II when he was walking down Whitehall in London for an appointment with a Itigh-ranking British general. He stopped a passing citizen and inquired politely, "Could you tell me, please, which side the War Office is on?" The stranger thought deeply for a moment, then replied, "Well, Sir, last time they were on our side, but this time, I can't quite make out." "Whenever I scorned discouraged," recalls TV comic Milt Mona, "my mother cheered mo up by telling me, 'Don't worry about bc- "OriglnaJlty does not aaid before, but In James Stephens. to bo poor, when The skin is elastic. Later it doesn't snap back. As for exercise {while I approve of it in reasonable doses), I doubt very much if this can make the muscles bulge and undo the flabbincss of the skin. But conversely, I have the most vigorous doubts that any neck exercises would stretch the skin. Exercise, besides keeping you limber and feeling fit, won't have much to do with your skin. But it will help you along in developing or maintaining proper carriage of the head. And yes, that docs improve the lines of neck, bust and shoulders. So I say that both the physical culturist a/id the beauty experts have some things that are helpful. Exercis*? Yes. It won't stretch the skin, but its principal benefit will be in improving posture and making you feel better. For unduly dry skin (which wrinkles faster) massage creams into it. This won't help overnight, but it may in the long run. Second, develop good posture, if you haven't already. Third, appropriate earrings, necklaces and necklines can help distract attention from wrinkles or sag. As we get older, we all have to accent a certain amount of such problems. Why, come to think of it, I've developed a few wrinkles myself! 9&-DAY5S BOUQUET To MOHAWK SWIMMERS — for their first victory in a dual meet. The team only is in its second year of competition, reason enough for the victory over East Waterloo lo be especially sweet. , GENEROSITY AT CHRISTMAS —Mrs. Clara Miller and Ginger Bowe sort out toys purchased with donations to the Salvation Army. They will go to needy youngsters in the Mason City-Clear Lake area to help fulfill the children's need for "the joy that comes with a toy." . . . and no prospects for a cheery Christmas. The family didn't ask for help. Others suggested, however, that the Salvation Army might give them a lift. It did. The letter that arrived at Christmas, 1963,- a year later, reminded Major Bowe of that helping hand and said the fam- ily situation was much better. Enclosed was a small cash donation — a sincere thanks from a family that knew its full meaning. We can't forget the Hungarian uprising By SEYMOUR FREIDIN New York Herald Triburw . . New* Service ANDAU, Austria — A crust of frost girds the gentle plain that rolls from here right to Hungary's eastern approaches. Gendarmes, bundled in greatcoats, skillfully pedal bicycles to lonely outposts where they poke cautiously around the brush. The foul canals, thinly coated with ice, crack like a pistol shot when some adventurous woodland animal tries a shortcut to zip across from Hungary to the border zone that is Austria. Huge drayhorses steam as they are ,led by grunting peasants' to bring mounds of winter wood over spiny roads to houses clustered around the village. This is Andau, somnolent and somehow solid as it has been for centuries except for the time, exactly eight years ago, when the world congealed in horror at the grisly scenes that stalked this ancient community. Out of the night tens of thousands of fear- stricken men, women and children appeared, begging for sanctuary in a tangled human phantasmagoria. They were fleeing Hungary as the Soviet Army quelled ruthlessly the most spontaneous people's uprising of modern times. There was only one reason why — to get away. Some of us foreigners, just returned from the majestic tragedy that was the battle of Budapest, stood on the same frozen plains before Andau. Flares, fired by pursuing Soviet units, crisscrossed the sky with shafts of light. When they burned out terrified people crossed into Austria. Jim Michener, « kindly man, lost his sophistication. He stopped being a writer and recorder. In the bitter cold Michener went to the canals and across the fields. Each trip he negotiated, Michener returned with people riddled with misery. Later he wrote the "Bridge at Andau," which today may ring only vague memory bells compared with what else he wrote. Those were unpleasant, first-hand episodes Michener noted. The Western world doesn't ca.re to be reminded of unpleasantness. As a result, we are treated today to high-level behests to ac- cept situations that are held up as practical. We have, for example, government-to-government negotiations now with the regime of Janos Kadar in Budapest. This' is sensible, we are told. Hungarians, on balance, are supposed to live better and perhaps freer than any other Communist regime in East Europe. Kadar, the theme goes, provided' Hungarians with a better life. I remember him saying on the Budapest radio, after the first Soviet intervention had been repelled, that the revolt was the most spontaneous in man's memory. Then he vanished to return as No. 1 with the Red Army, which said with agonizing irony: "We come as liberators." But Kadar, declare the pragmatists, permitted around 70,000 people to travel abroad in 1964. Besides, look how easy it is for foreigners to get tourist visas. Take a look though, around Andau and all the surrounding, undulating countryside. Barbed-wire fences isolate the borders for hundreds of miles. Huge watchtowers, fully manned, glare down on the plowed strips between towers and fences. The strips are sown with Investor's Guide land mines. And people still try to get past them. Just the other day, a contact mine shattered a 24-year-old Hungarian. Yet he dragged his torn body to the wire and under a gap into Austria. The Kadar regime, so benevolent, refuses to dismantle the towers, fences and mine fields. Why? To keep "criminal elements" from having easy access both ways, it says. There is probably another, more important reason. A coupla of weeks after reforms were made at the border in 1956, the revolution blew the regime apart in Budapest. Afterwards, nearly 200,000 people fled. A wall, | East Berlin's or Hungary's, is a practical symbol of authority which cannot be questioned if it is to survive. This is pragmatism, as seen and practiced from the other side. But the Hungarians eat pretty well and seem to have accommodated themselves to the regime. So contend our own practitioners of pragmatism, who urge arrangements with Kadar. Some of them, and a few of their predecessors, said precisely the same thing just a fortnight before the Poles almost went to the barricades — and the Hungarians did. Avoiding gains taxes By SAM SHULSKY Q. I will soon receive a five per cent stock dividend. May I immediately sell the stock and avoid paying capital gains taxes? A. Let's assume you own 100 shares of stock, bought at $20. You now are to receive five additional shares free, (that's the meaning of a five per cent stock dividend.) You may sell the dividend or any shares any time you like. To determine whether you owe any capital gains tax, you must take these factors into consideration: Let's say you bought the stock for $2,000 ($20 a share). Tho five per cent stock dividend gives you a total of 105 shares. So your cost per share for all the stock has been reduced to roughly $19 a share. ($2,000 dividend by 105.) If the stock is now selling at $25, you have a profit of $6 a share on each share you sell, or $30 on the five additional shares. If you held the original stock more than 6 months, the profit on the new, additional shares is also considered to be a long term gain, therefore taxable at only one- half regular income tax rates and at no more than 25 per cent of the full gain. If you paid $30 for the stock originally, your cost is reduced to about $28.50 a share, so you have a tax loss if you sell the additional, dividend shares at $25. In short: Add the five per cent dividend shares in with your original stock and re-compute your original cost price to reflect the larger number of shares you now hold. They'll Do It Every Time THEIR WINE CELLAR IS A B4THTU6 WITH A VENETIAN GRAPE JUMPER ON PLJTV SORRY; SIR- WE ARE ALL OLTT OF THE CHATEAU PE KLA60TCHIE, \gsb- SUGGEST, SIR, THE VENETIAN ROUSE ,1952-A VERV 600P YEAR A PEL/CA7E BOUQUET- 10,000 OF THOS£\ \ WINE L/ST2 WERE THE CLOSET WHEN WE TOOK OVER TH/S JOINT six VEARS AGO — IHE WINE you WANT is NEVER AVAILABLE wwy HAVE A JV LIST AT ALL? j i j

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